Results for 'Joshua Buresh-Oppenheim'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  49
    The Complexity of Resolution Refinements.Joshua Buresh-Oppenheim & Toniann Pitassi - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1336 - 1352.
    Resolution is the most widely studied approach to propositional theorem proving. In developing efficient resolution-based algorithms, dozens of variants and refinements of resolution have been studied from both the empirical and analytic sides. The most prominent of these refinements are: DP (ordered). DLL (tree), semantic, negative, linear and regular resolution. In this paper, we characterize and study these six refinements of resolution. We give a nearly complete characterization of the relative complexities of all six refinements. While many of the important (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. On fiction and truth: Joshua Oppenheimer's The act of killing.Paul Dumouchel - 2019 - In Paolo Diego Bubbio & Chris Fleming (eds.), Mimetic theory and film. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Analytic epistemology and experimental philosophy.Joshua Alexander & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 2 (1):56–80.
    It has been standard philosophical practice in analytic philosophy to employ intuitions generated in response to thought-experiments as evidence in the evaluation of philosophical claims. In part as a response to this practice, an exciting new movement—experimental philosophy—has recently emerged. This movement is unified behind both a common methodology and a common aim: the application of methods of experimental psychology to the study of the nature of intuitions. In this paper, we will introduce two different views concerning the relationship that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   188 citations  
  4. Intentional action in folk psychology: An experimental investigation.Joshua Knobe - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (2):309-325.
    Four experiments examined people’s folk-psychological concept of intentional action. The chief question was whether or not _evaluative _considerations — considerations of good and bad, right and wrong, praise and blame — played any role in that concept. The results indicated that the moral qualities of a behavior strongly influence people’s judgements as to whether or not that behavior should be considered ‘intentional.’ After eliminating a number of alternative explanations, the author concludes that this effect is best explained by the hypothesis (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   201 citations  
  5. Intuitions about consciousness: Experimental studies.Joshua Knobe & Jesse Prinz - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):67-83.
    When people are trying to determine whether an entity is capable of having certain kinds of mental states, they can proceed either by thinking about the entity from a *functional* standpoint or by thinking about the entity from a *physical* standpoint. We conducted a series of studies to determine how each of these standpoints impact people’s mental state ascriptions. The results point to a striking asymmetry. It appears that ascriptions of states involving phenomenal consciousness are sensitive to physical factors in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   121 citations  
  6. An epistemic conception of democracy.Joshua Cohen - 1986 - Ethics 97 (1):26-38.
  7. Minimalism about human rights: The most we can hope for?Joshua Cohen - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (2):190–213.
  8. The good, the bad and the blameworthy: Understanding the role of evaluative reasoning in folk psychology.Joshua Knobe & Gabriel S. Mendlow - 2004 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):252-258.
    People ordinarily make sense of their own behavior and that of others by invoking concepts like belief, desire, and intention. Philosophers refer to this network of concepts and related principles as 'folk psychology.' The prevailing view of folk psychology among philosophers of mind and psychologists is that it is a proto-scientific theory whose function is to explain and predict behavior.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   65 citations  
  9.  16
    On Reduction.John G. Kemeny & Paul Oppenheim - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (2):316-317.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  10. Freedom of expression.Joshua Cohen - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (3):207-263.
  11.  22
    Knowing the past affectively: Screen media and the evocation of intergenerational trauma.Ana Dragojlović - 2018 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 17 (1):119-133.
    This article explores the relationship between the affective intensities of screen media and its potential to serve as an affective force for the transmission of intergenerational trauma. I explore how watching a documentary portraying historical atrocities that preceded the birth of the documentary’s viewers yet affected their lives in profound ways, is one of the manifold engagements in genealogy and memory work that seeks to know the past affectively. My focus is on Indisch viewers whose relatives suffered through various atrocities (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Experimental philosophy and folk concepts: Methodological considerations.Joshua Knobe & Arudra Burra - 2006 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1-2):331-342.
    Experimental philosophy is a comparatively new field of research, and it is only natural that many of the key methodological questions have not even been asked, much less answered. In responding to the comments of our critics, we therefore find ourselves brushing up against difficult questions about the aims and techniques of our whole enterprise. We will do our best to address these issues here, but the field is progressing at a rapid clip, and we suspect that it will be (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  13.  72
    The Moral Insignificance of Self‐consciousness.Joshua Shepherd - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):398-415.
    In this paper, I examine the claim that self-consciousness is highly morally significant, such that the fact that an entity is self-conscious generates strong moral reasons against harming or killing that entity. This claim is apparently very intuitive, but I argue it is false. I consider two ways to defend this claim: one indirect, the other direct. The best-known arguments relevant to self-consciousness's significance take the indirect route. I examine them and argue that in various ways they depend on unwarranted (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  14.  74
    The rise of moral cognition.Joshua D. Greene - 2015 - Cognition 135 (C):39-42.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  15.  6
    Complementarity in Quantum Mechanics: A Logical Analysis.Hugo Bedau & Paul Oppenheim - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):340-340.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16.  47
    Exchanging for Reasons, Right and Wrong.Joshua Stein - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (2):213-223.
    This paper begins by consider a straightforward question in the metaphysics and morality of markets: Are there cases in which it is morally permissible to freely give x (i.e. without exchange for valuable consideration), but impermissible to give x in exchange for valuable consideration? To address this question, this paper raises the issue of the difference between giving freely and giving in exchange for valuable consideration. It argues that the distinction lies in whether the receipt of valuable consideration acts as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  17.  35
    Why Inconsistency Arguments Matter.Joshua Shaw - 2021 - The New Bioethics 28 (1):40-53.
    Abortion opponents are sometimes accused of having inconsistent beliefs, actions, and/or priorities. If they were consistent, they would regard spontaneous abortions to be a greater moral tragedy,...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  98
    Breaking the law of desire.Joshua Gert - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (3):295-319.
    This paper offers one formal reason why it may often be inappropriate to hold, of two conflicting desires, that the first must be weaker than, stronger than, or of the same strength as the second. The explanation of this fact does not rely on vagueness or epistemological problems in determining the strengths of desires. Nor does it make use of the problematic notion of incommensurability. Rather, the suggestion is that the motivational capacities of many desires might best be characterized by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  19. The Behavior of Ethicists.Eric Schwitzgebel & Joshua Rust - 2016 - In Wesley Buckwalter & Justin Sytsma (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  20.  26
    Sleep experiences, dissociation, imaginal experiences, and schizotypy: The role of context.Joshua Knox & Steven Jay Lynn - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 23:22-31.
    Watson reported moderate correlations between the Iowa Sleep Experience Survey and self-report measures of dissociation and schizotypy. Subsequent investigations reported similar, although somewhat more modest, correlations between the ISES and measures of dissociation and schizotypy, as well as with measures of absorption and negative affect. The present study tested subjects in conditions in which the measures of sleep experiences were administered with other measures in either the same or a different test context. We determined that sleep experiences were associated with (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  21.  34
    Logic for update products and steps into the past.Joshua Sack - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (12):1431-1461.
    This paper provides a sound and complete proof system for a language that adds to Dynamic Epistemic Logic a discrete previous-time operator as well as single symbol formulas that partially reveal the most recent event that occurred. The completeness theorem is by filtration followed by model unraveling and other model transformations. Decidability follows from the completeness proof. The degree to which it is important to include the additional single symbol formulas is addressed in a discussion about the difficulties of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  22.  26
    The ethical indefensibility of heartbeat bills.Joshua Shaw - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (8):858-864.
    Recently, several states in the United States have sought to adopt more restrictive abortion policies. Most have tried to enact “heartbeat bills” that prohibit most abortions once a fetal heartbeat becomes detectable. This article explores this question: Are heartbeat bills ethically defensible? I argue that they are not. There are at least four problems with them. First, heartbeat bills rely on a problematic understanding of human death. Second, they contradict and even undermine the leading arguments in ethics against abortion. Third, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23. Color Constancy, Complexity, and Counterfactual.Joshua Gert - 2010 - Noûs 44 (4):669-690.
  24. The arc of the moral universe and other essays.Joshua Cohen - 2010 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    The arc of the moral universe -- Structure, choice, and legitimacy: Locke's theory of the state -- Democratic equality -- A more democratic liberalism -- For a democratic society -- Knowledge, morality and hope: the social thought of Noam Chomsky: with Joel Rogers -- Reflections on Habermas on democracy -- A matter of demolition?: Susan Okin on justice and gender -- Minimalism about human rights: the most we can hope for? -- Is there a human right to democracy? -- Extra (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  25.  58
    Mass problems and hyperarithmeticity.Joshua A. Cole & Stephen G. Simpson - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):125-143.
    A mass problem is a set of Turing oracles. If P and Q are mass problems, we say that P is weakly reducible to Q if for all Y ∈ Q there exists X ∈ P such that X is Turing reducible to Y. A weak degree is an equivalence class of mass problems under mutual weak reducibility. Let [Formula: see text] be the lattice of weak degrees of mass problems associated with nonempty [Formula: see text] subsets of the Cantor (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  26. Der Typusbegriff im Lichte der neuen Logik, Leiden 1936.C. Hempel & P. Oppenheim - 1946 - Kwartalnik Filozoficzny 16 (1):98-100.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  32
    The Teaching Excellence Framework, Epistemic Insensibility and the Question of Purpose.Joshua Forstenzer - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 52 (3):548-574.
    This article argues that the Teaching Excellence Framework manifests the vice of epistemic insensibility. To this end, it explains that the TEF is a metrics‐driven evaluation mechanism which permits English higher education institutions to charge higher fees if the ‘quality’ of their teaching is deemed ‘excellent’. Through the TEF, the Government aims to improve the quality of teaching by using core metrics that reflect student satisfaction, retention and short‐term graduate employment. In response, some have criticised the TEF for failing to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  77
    A Critique of Scanlon on Double Effect.Joshua Stuchlik - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (2):178-199.
    According to the Principle of Double Effect (PDE), there are conditions under which it would be morally justifiable to cause some harm as a foreseen side-effect of one's action even though it would not be justifiable to form and execute the intention of causing the same harm. If we take the kind of justification in question to be that of moral permissibility, this principle correctly maps common intuitions about when it would be permissible to act in certain ways. T.M. Scanlon (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  29. Logical analysis of gestalt concepts.Nicholas Rescher & Paul Oppenheim - 1955 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (August):89-106.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  30.  38
    A new theory of comparative and noncomparative justice.Joshua Hoffman - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 70 (2):165 - 183.
  31. Can one act for a reason without acting intentionally?Joshua Knobe & Sean D. Kelly - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New essays on the explanation of action. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 169--183.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  32.  28
    The Look of Silence and the Problem of Monstrosity.Mathew Abbott - 2017 - Film-Philosophy 21 (3):392-409.
    In Beyond Moral Judgment, Alice Crary defends a version of moral objectivism which turns on the idea that participation in moral life involves acquired affective proclivities: subjective capacities which nevertheless allow us to be receptive to objective features of the world. In this article, I draw out key aspects and implications of her account with reference to Joshua Oppenheimer's 2014 film The Look of Silence, a companion piece to 2012's The Act of Killing. The film depicts a series of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  23
    Revision of "Second Maximal Insight" Section: About Royce's overall Intellectual Development.S. J. Frank M. Oppenheim - 2015 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (4):531-538.
    Courteously, Professor Jacquelyn Kegley, in her helpful and balanced book Josiah Royce in Focus, allocates her summary of responses to my 1976 hypothesis.2 My hypothesis stated that Royce’s intellectual development from 1875 to 1916 was aptly imagined as a triple-peaked affair.3 The jagged line of the Sierras’ peaks with its three highest may unduly distract from the emphasis also needed on the continuity and unique identity of the whole course of Royce’s thought and of the entire range of the Sierras (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  53
    Generalization of complementarity.Siegwart Lindenberg & Paul Oppenheim - 1974 - Synthese 28 (2):117 - 139.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35.  14
    The Never-Ending Dance of Philosophy and Physics.Nick Huggett & Joshua Norton - unknown
    A popular-level discussion of the mutual significance of physics and philosophy over the ages.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  7
    The cost of crisis in clinical psychological science.Joshua B. Grubbs - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Yarkoni has argued that psychology is facing a generalizability crisis, but the real cost of this crisis is obscured by a focus on topics from psychology's most academic subfields. Psychology is also filled with applied subfields, and it is within those subfields – especially clinical science – where the cost of a generalizability crisis will be most severe.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  25
    Orthodoxy revisited.Joshua Cohen - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (10):531-533.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  55
    A comparison of strong's theory of perception with Reid's.Joshua C. Gregory - 1921 - Philosophical Review 30 (4):352-366.
  39. Analytic theism: a philosophical investigation.Joshua R. Sijuwade - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book explores and develops a new philosophical argument for the existence of God from metaphysics. It focuses on exploring the pressing questions of God's existence, the truth of theistic belief, and its relevance in modern philosophy. In doing so, it bridges the discussions and debates in the field of contemporary metaphysics with that of analytic philosophy of religion. At its core, metaphysics is dedicated to unveiling the fundamental structure of reality, playing a critical role in any intellectual endeavour in (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  44
    Emotion and Morality: A Tasting Menu.Joshua D. Greene - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):227-229.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  41.  99
    Nietzsche, Proust, and will-to-ignorance.Joshua Landy - 2002 - Philosophy and Literature 26 (1):1-23.
    “The will to truth,” says Nietzsche, “is merely a form of the will to illusion”; it’s not the opposite of “the will to ignorance, to the uncertain, to the untrue,” but instead “its refinement.” What can this mean? How could a quest for knowledge ever serve a desire to remain in the dark? I answer this question by means of an example in Proust, whose protagonist expends huge quantities of energy apparently trying to find out whether his love partner is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42. Words, concepts and things: cajetan on the subject of the categories.Joshua P. Hochschild - 2001 - Dionysius 19:159.
  43.  9
    When We Collide: Sex, Social Risk, and Jewish Ethics by Rebecca J. Epstein-Levi.Joshua Stein - 2024 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 17 (1):99-101.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:When We Collide: Sex, Social Risk, and Jewish Ethics by Rebecca J. Epstein-LeviJoshua Stein (bio)When We Collide: Sex, Social Risk, and Jewish Ethics by Rebecca J. Epstein-Levi. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2023Sex is messy:Ethicists have an unfortunate habit of speaking of sex—or "good" sex, anyway—in lofty, aspirational terms: the physical and spiritual union of committed partners, the human sharing in divine creativity, the two becoming one, and so (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  15
    Philosophy Imprisoned: The Love of Wisdom in the Age of Mass Incarceration.Sarah Tyson & Joshua M. Hall - 2014 - Lexington Books.
    Editors Sarah Tyson and Joshua M. Hall convene an international group of philosophical thinkers—from both inside and outside prison walls—who draw on a variety of historical figures and critical perspectives to think about prisons in our new historical era.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  38
    Folk psychology: Science and morals.Joshua Knobe - 2007 - In Daniel D. Hutto & Matthew Ratcliffe (eds.), Folk Psychology Re-Assessed. New York: Springer Press. pp. 157--173.
    It is widely agreed that folk psychology plays an important role in people’s moral judgments. For a simple example, take the process by which we determine whether or not an agent is morally blameworthy. Although the judgment here is ultimately a moral one, it seems that one needs to use a fair amount of folk psychology along the way. Thus, one might determine that an agent broke the vase intentionally and therefore conclude that she is blameworthy for breaking it. Here (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46. The case for Nietzschean moral psychology.Joshua Knobe & Brian Leiter - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and morality. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  47.  11
    Document And Time.Joshua Kates - 2014 - History and Theory 53 (2):155-174.
    This article explores what it calls the “documentarist” hypothesis: the belief that the subject matter of history, the past, is structurally absent and thus can be reached only by way of documents, testamentary traces of various sorts . The first part of the article works out the documentarist position through interpretations of creative works that embody it and of a variety of reflections on historiography—those of Michel de Certeau and Paul Ricoeur, as well as some “postmodern historiography.” It argues that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48. Experimental Studies of Intuitions about Consciousness: Methodological and Statistical Details.Joshua Knobe & Jesse Prinz - manuscript
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  8
    Not Ecological Enough: A Commentary on an Eco-Relational Approach in Robot Ethics.Joshua C. Gellers - 2024 - Philosophy and Technology 37 (2):1-6.
    This Commentary offers a critique of an eco-relational approach in robot ethics, highlighting the importance of articulating an ecologically-sensitive ethical orientation that incorporates the entire more-than-human world, including technological entities like forms of artificial intelligence. While the eco-relational approach enhances our understanding of the complex way in which morally significant properties operate on a phenomenological level, it is not without its flaws. In particular, this perspective focuses on ethical concepts when it needs to be rooted in ethical systems, misrepresents the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Peace of Mind.Joshua Loth Liebman - 1946
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000