Results for 'Joshua A. Nagel'

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  1.  13
    Unintended Consequences of Performance Incentives: Impacts of Framing and Structure on Performance and Cheating.Joshua A. Nagel, Kajal R. Patel, Ethan G. Rothstein & Logan L. Watts - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (7):498-515.
    ABSTRACT Setting specific, challenging goals motivates employees to exert greater effort in their jobs. However, goal-setting may have unintended consequences of also motivating unethical behavior. The present study explores these consequences in the context of other features of goal-setting in organizations, how goals are framed and rewarded, to determine the tradeoff between performance and ethical behavior. Undergraduate students were incentivized to complete math problems using different outcome frames and incentive structures and were also provided an opportunity to cheat. Findings demonstrate (...)
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  2.  10
    Introduction.Thomas Nagel & Joshua Cohen - 2009 - In JohnHG Rawls (ed.), A Brief Inquiry Into the Meaning of Sin and Faith: With "on My Religion". Harvard University Press. pp. 1-23.
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  3.  10
    Lucky or Clever? From Expectations to Responsibility Judgments.Tobias Gerstenberg, Tomer D. Ullman, Jonas Nagel, Max Kleiman-Weiner, David A. Lagnado & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2018 - Cognition 177 (C):122-141.
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  4.  28
    Theory Reduction in Physics: A Model-Based, Dynamical Systems Approach.Joshua Rosaler - unknown
    In 1973, Nickles identified two senses in which the term `reduction' is used to describe the relationship between physical theories: namely, the sense based on Nagel's seminal account of reduction in the sciences, and the sense that seeks to extract one physical theory as a mathematical limit of another. These two approaches have since been the focus of most literature on the subject, as evidenced by recent work of Batterman and Butterfield, among others. In this paper, I discuss a (...)
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  5. The Sub Specie Aeternitatis Perspective and Normative Evaluations of Life’s Meaningfulness: A Closer Look.Joshua W. Seachris - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):605-620.
    It is a common pessimistic worry among both philosophers and non-philosophers that our lives, viewed sub specie aeternitatis, are meaningless given that they make neither a noticeable nor lasting impact from this vast, cosmic perspective. The preferred solution for escaping this kind of pessimism is to adopt a different measure by which to evaluate life’s meaningfulness. One of two primary routes is often taken here. First, one can retreat back to the sub specie humanitatis perspective, and argue that life is (...)
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  6. Salience and Epistemic Egocentrism: An Empirical Study.Joshua Alexander, Chad Gonnerman & John Waterman - 2014 - In James Beebe (ed.), Advances in Experimental Epistemology. Continuum. pp. 97-117.
    Jennifer Nagel (2010) has recently proposed a fascinating account of the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge in conversational contexts in which unrealized possibilities of error have been mentioned. Her account appeals to epistemic egocentrism, or what is sometimes called the curse of knowledge, an egocentric bias to attribute our own mental states to other people (and sometimes our own future and past selves). Our aim in this paper is to investigate the empirical merits of Nagel’s hypothesis about the (...)
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  7. Local Reduction in Physics.Joshua Rosaler - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 50:54-69.
    A conventional wisdom about the progress of physics holds that successive theories wholly encompass the domains of their predecessors through a process that is often called reduction. While certain influential accounts of inter-theory reduction in physics take reduction to require a single "global" derivation of one theory's laws from those of another, I show that global reductions are not available in all cases where the conventional wisdom requires reduction to hold. However, I argue that a weaker "local" form of reduction, (...)
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  8.  48
    Post-Continental Philosophy as Non-Philosophy.Joshua Rayman - 2013 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2013 (163):187-190.
    ExcerptIn 1985, a collection titled Post-Analytic Philosophy appeared (Columbia University Press). Advertised with overly optimistic blurbs from Jacques Derrida and Jean-François Lyotard, and featuring work by famous, pragmatically inclining, analytically trained philosophers such as Donald Davidson, Cornel West, Stanley Cavell, Arthur Danto, Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, Thomas Kuhn, Thomas Nagel, and John Rawls, the text announced the death of analytic philosophy at least thirty or forty years after the fact. But if Wittgenstein, Quine, and others had long ago convincingly (...)
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  9.  14
    A Response to Commentators on "The Imperatives of Narrative: Health Interest Groups and Morality in Network News".Joshua A. Braun - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):1-2.
  10. Negotiated Representational Mediators: How Young Children Decide What to Include in Their Science Representations.Joshua A. Danish & Noel Enyedy - 2007 - Science Education 91 (1):1-35.
     
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  11.  41
    Mass Problems and Hyperarithmeticity.Joshua A. Cole & Stephen G. Simpson - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):125-143.
    A mass problem is a set of Turing oracles. If P and Q are mass problems, we say that P is weakly reducible to Q if for all Y ∈ Q there exists X ∈ P such that X is Turing reducible to Y. A weak degree is an equivalence class of mass problems under mutual weak reducibility. Let [Formula: see text] be the lattice of weak degrees of mass problems associated with nonempty [Formula: see text] subsets of the Cantor (...)
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  12. Grains of Truth: Reading Tractate Menachot of the Babylonian Talmud.Joshua A. Fogel - 2013 - Hamilton Books.
    This volume looks at tractate Menachot, which is concerned mostly with grain offered at the Temple to atone for various misdeeds. Fogel approaches the text, page by page, commenting with doses of humor and comparisons in a manner meant to explain the text for contemporary readers.
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  13.  16
    The Imperatives of Narrative: Health Interest Groups and Morality in Network News.Joshua A. Braun - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):6 – 14.
    This article examines some of the story conventions of network television news to explain the ways in which healthcare interest groups develop and maintain their presence in this medium—a process that has significant implications for public understanding of healthcare issues, and therefore to bioethics. The article is divided into three sections. The first section focuses on three major normative conventions of television news: adherence to a simple narrative structure, the balance ethic, and avoidance of the “think-piece” and outlines the basic (...)
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  14.  33
    An Excess of Meaning: Conceptual Over-Interpretation in Confabulation and Schizophrenia.Joshua A. Bergamin - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):163-176.
    I argue that ordinary confabulation is a side-effect of an interpretive faculty that makes sense of the world by rationalising our experience within the context of a personal and cultural narrative. However, I argue that a hyperactivity of the same process manifests as schizotypy—latent schizophrenic tendencies—that can lead to extreme dissociation of interpretation from experience. I first give a phenomenological account of the process of interpretation, arguing that it is enacted through the creation of conceptual cognitive content from an originary (...)
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  15.  17
    Ai Ssu-Ch'i's Contribution to the Development of Chinese Marxism.Joshua A. Fogel - 1987 - the Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism did not come to China simply as one of the many waves from abroad that inundated Chinese intellectual life during the late Ch'ing ...
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  16.  7
    Nik Software Tools Bundle.Joshua A. Haftel - 2012 - Visual.
    This e-book set includes two winning guides on Nik Software tools Designed to save time in the digital workflow, Nik Software?s entire suite of products (Dfine 2.0, Color Efex Pro 4.0, Sharpener Pro 3.0, Silver Efex Pro 2, VIVEZA 2.0, and ...
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  17.  13
    Decision-Making Competence Predicts Domain-Specific Risk Attitudes.Joshua A. Weller, Andrea Ceschi & Caleb Randolph - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  8
    Joshua: A Commentary.David A. Glatt-Gilad & Richard D. Nelson - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (3):483.
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  19. Infinitism and Agents Like Us: Reply to Turri.Joshua A. Smith & Adam C. Podlaskowski - 2013 - Logos and Episteme (1):125-128.
    In a recent paper, “Infinitism and Epistemic Normativity,” we have problematized the relationship between infinitism and epistemic normativity. Responding to our criticisms, John Turri has offered a defense of infinitism. In this paper, we argue that Turri’s defense fails, leaving infinitism vulnerable to the originally raised objections.
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  20.  11
    The ∀∃-Theory of the Effectively Closed Medvedev Degrees is Decidable.Joshua A. Cole & Takayuki Kihara - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (1):1-16.
    We show that there is a computable procedure which, given an ∀∃-sentence ${\varphi}$ in the language of the partially ordered sets with a top element 1 and a bottom element 0, computes whether ${\varphi}$ is true in the Medvedev degrees of ${\Pi^0_1}$ classes in Cantor space, sometimes denoted by ${\mathcal{P}_s}$.
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  21.  65
    Meaning in Life and Seeing the Big Picture: Positive Affect and Global Focus.Joshua A. Hicks & Laura A. King - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (7):1577-1584.
  22.  12
    Subliminal Mere Exposure and Explicit and Implicit Positive Affective Responses.Joshua A. Hicks & Laura A. King - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):726-729.
  23. Ayo Wahlberg, Good Quality: The Routinization of Sperm Banking in China.Joshua A. Hubbard - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (4):663-665.
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  24.  18
    Measures of Values Among Secondary Schools Sstudents in Cross River State, Nigeria.A. M. Joshua & M. T. Joshua - 2006 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (1).
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  25.  7
    Learning Health Systems and the Revised Common Rule.Joshua A. Rolnick - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (2):238-246.
    Quality improvement is an important function of learning health systems, and public policy should promote QI activities. Use of systematic methodologies in QI has prompted substantial confusion regarding when QI is human subjects research under the Common Rule, and this confusion persists with the revised Rule. Difficulty distinguishing research from QI imposes costs on the quality improvement process. I offer guidance to IRBs to mitigate these costs and suggest a new regulatory exclusion for minimal risk quality improvement activities.
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  26.  33
    Literary Activism, Social Justice, and the Future of Bioregionalism.Joshua A. Dolezal - 2008 - Ethics and the Environment 13 (1):pp. 1-22.
    Whereas the political battle between literary activists and industry over the tenets of bioregionalism in the American West has ignored the question of social justice, effectively silencing a sizeable population—the working poor—by creating an economic situation in which labor must choose between two oppressors, mutual aid as championed by Petr Kropotkin offers more potential for reform than the model of political competition has yielded thus far. If literary activists were to extend Jared Diamond's call to social action in Collapse by (...)
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  27.  10
    The Recent Boom in Shanghai Studies.Joshua A. Fogel - 2010 - Journal of the History of Ideas 71 (2):313-333.
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  28.  37
    Embedding FD(Ω) Into {Mathcal{P}_s} Densely.Joshua A. Cole - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (7-8):649-664.
    Let ${\mathcal{P}_s}$ be the lattice of degrees of non-empty ${\Pi_1^0}$ subsets of 2 ω under Medvedev reducibility. Binns and Simpson proved that FD(ω), the free distributive lattice on countably many generators, is lattice-embeddable below any non-zero element in ${\mathcal{P}_s}$ . Cenzer and Hinman proved that ${\mathcal{P}_s}$ is dense, by adapting the Sacks Preservation and Sacks Coding Strategies used in the proof of the density of the c.e. Turing degrees. With a construction that is a modification of the one by Cenzer (...)
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  29.  17
    Akutagawa Ryunosuke and China.Joshua A. Fogel - 1997 - Chinese Studies in History 30 (4):6-9.
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  30.  1
    Ayo Wahlberg, Good Quality: The Routinization of Sperm Banking in China: Oakland: University of California Press, 2018, 248 Pp., 14 B&W Illus., 3 Tables, $34.95 Paperback, ISBN: 9780520297784. [REVIEW]Joshua A. Hubbard - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (4):663-665.
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  31. Reprobation as Shared Inquiry: Teaching the Liberal Arts in Prison.Joshua A. Miller & Daniel Harold Levine - 2015 - Radical Philosophy Review 18 (2):287-308.
    Respect for victims requires that we have social systems for punishing and condemning (reproving) serious crimes. But, the conditions of social marginalization and political subordination of the communities from which an overwhelming number of prisoners in the United States come place serious barriers in the face of effective reprobation. Mass incarceration makes this problem worse by disrupting and disrespecting entire communities. While humanities education in the prisons is far from a total solution, it is one way to make reprobation meaningful, (...)
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  32.  11
    Guest Editor's Introduction.Joshua A. Fogel - 1997 - Chinese Studies in History 30 (4):3-5.
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  33.  19
    Does Environmental Experience Shape Spatial Cognition? Frames of Reference Among Ancash Quechua Speakers.A. Shapero Joshua - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (5):1274-1298.
    Previous studies have shown that language contributes to humans' ability to orient using landmarks and shapes their use of frames of reference for memory. However, the role of environmental experience in shaping spatial cognition has not been investigated. This study addresses such a possibility by examining the use of FoRs in a nonverbal spatial memory task among residents of an Andean community in Peru. Participants consisted of 97 individuals from Ancash Quechua-speaking households who spoke Quechua and/or Spanish and varied considerably (...)
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  34.  6
    Editor's Introduction.Joshua A. Fogel - 1983 - Chinese Studies in History 17 (1):3-11.
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  35.  6
    Introduction.Joshua A. Fogel - 1984 - Chinese Studies in History 18 (1-2):1-2.
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  36.  12
    Behavioral Explanations Reduce Retributive Punishment but Not Reward: The Mediating Role of Conscious Will.Joshua A. Confer & William J. Chopik - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 75:102808.
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  37.  4
    Introduction.Joshua A. Fogel - 1989 - Chinese Studies in History 22 (1-2):3-4.
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  38.  44
    A Social-Cognitive Model of Human Behavior Offers a More Parsimonious Account of Emotional Expressivity.Vivian Zayas, Joshua A. Tabak, Gul [email protected] 4n, Jeanne M. Robertson & Jacob Miguel Vigil - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):407.
    According to socio-relational theory, men and women encountered different ecologies in their evolutionary past, and, as a result of different ancestral selection pressures, they developed different patterns of emotional expressivity that have persisted across cultures and large human evolutionary time scales. We question these assumptions, and propose that social-cognitive models of individual differences more parsimoniously account for sex differences in emotional expressivity.
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  39.  3
    2011 Arthur O. Lovejoy Lecture: The Gold Seal of 57 CE and the Afterlife of an Inanimate Object.Joshua A. Fogel - 2012 - Journal of the History of Ideas 73 (3):351-369.
  40.  13
    Anomalous Evidence, Confidence Change, and Theory Change.Joshua A. Hemmerich, Kellie Van Voorhis & Jennifer Wiley - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):1534-1560.
    A novel experimental paradigm that measured theory change and confidence in participants' theories was used in three experiments to test the effects of anomalous evidence. Experiment 1 varied the amount of anomalous evidence to see if “dose size” made incremental changes in confidence toward theory change. Experiment 2 varied whether anomalous evidence was convergent or replicating. Experiment 3 varied whether participants were provided with an alternative theory that explained the anomalous evidence. All experiments showed that participants' confidence changes were commensurate (...)
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  41.  15
    Joshua A. Bell;, Alison K. Brown;, Robert J. Gordon . Recreating First Contact: Expeditions, Anthropology, and Popular Culture. Xii + 261 Pp., Illus., Bibls., Index. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 2013. $49.95. [REVIEW]Regna Darnell - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):495-496.
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  42.  1
    Embedding FD) Into InlineEquation ID=" IEq1"> ImageObject FileRef=" 153200762ArticleIEq1. Gif" Format=" GIF" Color=" BlackWhite" Type=" Linedraw" Rendition=" HTML"/> EquationSource Format=" TEX"> Densely. [REVIEW]Joshua A. Cole - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (7-8):649-664.
    Let \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathcal{P}_s}$$\end{document} be the lattice of degrees of non-empty \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\Pi_1^0}$$\end{document} subsets of 2ω under Medvedev reducibility. Binns and Simpson proved that FD, the free distributive lattice on countably many generators, is lattice-embeddable below any non-zero element in \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathcal{P}_s}$$\end{document}. Cenzer and Hinman proved that \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathcal{P}_s}$$\end{document} is (...)
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  43.  13
    The Psychological Processes and Consequences of Fundamentalist Indoctrination.Joshua A. Cuevas - 2008 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 16 (2):57-70.
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  44.  6
    Is There a Contradiction Between the Network and Latent Variable Perspectives?Stephen M. Humphry & Joshua A. McGrane - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):160 - 161.
    First, we question whether Cramer et al.'s proposed network model can provide a viable scientific foundation for investigating comorbidity without invoking latent variables in some form. Second, the authors' claim that the network perspective is radically different from a latent variable perspective rests upon an undemonstrated premise. Without being demonstrated, we think the premise is potentially misleading.
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  45.  33
    Reprobation as Shared Inquiry.Joshua A. Miller & Daniel Harold Levine - 2015 - Radical Philosophy Review 18 (2):287-308.
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  46.  6
    A Social-Cognitive Model of Human Behavior Offers a More Parsimonious Account of Emotional Expressivity.Zayas Vivian, A. Tabak Joshua, Günaydýn Gül & M. Robertson Jeanne - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):407.
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  47.  23
    Gundersen on Counterfactuals and Tracking.Joshua A. Smith - 2005 - SATS 6 (2):165-171.
  48.  4
    Quantifying Professionalism in Peer Review.Joshua A. Rash, Jeff C. Clements, Chi-Yeung Choi, Stephanie Avery-Gomm, Alyssa M. Allen Gerwing & Travis G. Gerwing - 2020 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 5 (1).
    BackgroundThe process of peer-review in academia has attracted criticism surrounding issues of bias, fairness, and professionalism; however, frequency of occurrence of such comments is unknown.MethodsWe evaluated 1491 sets of reviewer comments from the fields of “Ecology and Evolution” and “Behavioural Medicine,” of which 920 were retrieved from the online review repository Publons and 571 were obtained from six early career investigators. Comment sets were coded for the occurrence of “unprofessional comments” and “incomplete, inaccurate or unsubstantiated critiques” using an a-prior rubric (...)
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  49.  10
    Notes on Contributorsepat_665 123.. 124.Joshua A. Ramey, Peter T. Dunlap, Raya A. Jones & Antonina Lukenchuk - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (1):41-52.
    My conversion into a knower has been a long and winding road. From childhood reverie to the years of formal schooling, education has never ceased to lure me into its magical power. How do we really get to know/see/learn whatever happens on our educational journey? In this paper, I will re‐trace my quest for knowledge that reaches beyond the boundaries of traditional epistemology. My wonderings will take me to explore, via Jung, the possibilities of imaginative education through Gnosis and Sophia. (...)
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  50.  24
    Taming Our Brave New World.Joshua A. Reagan - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (6):621-632.
    Advances in reproductive technology have already revolutionized our culture in various ways, and future potential developments, particularly in genetics, promise more of the same. The practice of surrogacy threatens to upend the way we understand the family. Germline engineering of human embryos could, among other things, lead to the treatment of genetic diseases hitherto incurable; but the widespread use of such engineering could have broader ramifications for our culture, for better and for worse. Parents may eventually be able to select (...)
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