Results for 'Josh Snyder'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. One/Many: Western American Survey Photographs by Bell and O'sullivan.Joel Snyder & Josh Ellenbogen - 2006 - Smart Museum of Art, the University of C.
    Some of the most celebrated images of nineteenth-century American photography emerged from government-sponsored geological surveys whose purpose was to study and document western territories. Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell, two survey photographers who joined expeditions in the 1860s and 1870s, opened the eyes of nineteenth-century Americans to the western frontier. Highlighting a recent Smart Museum of Art acquisition, One/Many brings together an exquisite group of photographs by Bell and O'Sullivan. Particularly noteworthy are their photographic panoramas, assemblages of individual images (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Decision framing in judgment aggregation.Fabrizio Cariani, Marc Pauly & Josh Snyder - 2008 - Synthese 163 (1):1 - 24.
    Judgment aggregation problems are language dependent in that they may be framed in different yet equivalent ways. We formalize this dependence via the notion of translation invariance, adopted from the philosophy of science, and we argue for the normative desirability of translation invariance. We characterize the class of translation invariant aggregation functions in the canonical judgment aggregation model, which requires collective judgments to be complete. Since there are reasonable translation invariant aggregation functions, our result can be viewed as a possibility (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  3. Too Odd (Not) to Be True? A Reply to Olsson.Luc Bovens, Branden Fitelson, Stephan Hartmann & Josh Snyder - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):539-563.
    Corroborating Testimony, Probability and Surprise’, Erik J. Olsson ascribes to L. Jonathan Cohen the claims that if two witnesses provide us with the same information, then the less probable the information is, the more confident we may be that the information is true (C), and the stronger the information is corroborated (C*). We question whether Cohen intends anything like claims (C) and (C*). Furthermore, he discusses the concurrence of witness reports within a context of independent witnesses, whereas the witnesses in (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  4.  5
    POETRY & FICTION-The Job Interview-Josh Tomlin gets a clear picture of his prospects.Josh Tomlin - 2009 - Philosophy Now 74:33.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. A definition, benchmark and database of AI for social good initiatives.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsmadaos, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Nature Machine Intelligence 3:111–⁠115.
    Initiatives relying on artificial intelligence (AI) to deliver socially beneficial outcomes—AI for social good (AI4SG)—are on the rise. However, existing attempts to understand and foster AI4SG initiatives have so far been limited by the lack of normative analyses and a shortage of empirical evidence. In this Perspective, we address these limitations by providing a definition of AI4SG and by advocating the use of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a benchmark for tracing the scope and spread of AI4SG. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  6. Prolegomena to a white paper on an ethical framework for a good AI society.Josh Cowls & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    That AI will have a major impact on society is no longer in question. Current debate turns instead on how far this impact will be positive or negative, for whom, in which ways, in which places, and on what timescale. In order to frame these questions in a more substantive way, in this prolegomena we introduce what we consider the four core opportunities for society offered by the use of AI, four associated risks which could emerge from its overuse or (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7. The AI gambit — leveraging artificial intelligence to combat climate change: opportunities, challenges, and recommendations.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsamados, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - In Vodafone Institute for Society and Communications.
    In this article we analyse the role that artificial intelligence (AI) could play, and is playing, to combat global climate change. We identify two crucial opportunities that AI offers in this domain: it can help improve and expand current understanding of climate change and it contribute to combating the climate crisis effectively. However, the development of AI also raises two sets of problems when considering climate change: the possible exacerbation of social and ethical challenges already associated with AI, and the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  42
    Howard-Snyder, Daniel, and Paul K. Moser. Divine Hiddenness: New Essays.James Bradley - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):884-885.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Ethics and legal problems.Josh Gregory - 2021 - Ann Arbor, Michigan: Cherry Lake Publishing.
    Esports competitions have become a world-wide phenomenon with millions of viewers and fans. Learn about how esports competitions deal with things from gambling to cheating software. Aligned with curriculum standards, these books also highlight key 21st Century content including information, media, and technology skills. Engaging content and hands-on activities encourage creative and design thinking. Book includes table of contents, glossary, index, author biography, and sidebars.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Riches Beyond Value. [REVIEW]Josh Robinson - 2013 - Mediations 27 (1-2).
    Josh Robinson reviews Ernst Lohoff's and Norbert Trenkle's The Great Devaluation.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  2
    FMTP: A unifying computational framework of temporal preparation across time scales.Josh M. Salet, Wouter Kruijne, Hedderik van Rijn, Sander A. Los & Martijn Meeter - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (5):911-948.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12. Counterfactual Thinking and Thought Experiments.Josh Turkewitz - 2014 - Florida Philosophical Review 14 (1):85-96.
    As part of Timothy Williamson’s inquiry into how we gain knowledge from thought experiments he submits various ways of representing the argument underlying Gettier cases in modal and counterfactual terms. But all of these ways run afoul of the problem of deviance - that there are cases that might satisfy the descriptions given by a Gettier text but still fail to be counterexamples to the justified true belief model of knowledge). Problematically, this might mean that either it is too hard (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. A united framework of five principles for AI in society.Luciano Floridi & Josh Cowls - 2019 - Harvard Data Science Review 1 (1).
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is already having a major impact on society. As a result, many organizations have launched a wide range of initiatives to establish ethical principles for the adoption of socially beneficial AI. Unfortunately, the sheer volume of proposed principles threatens to overwhelm and confuse. How might this problem of ‘principle proliferation’ be solved? In this paper, we report the results of a fine-grained analysis of several of the highest-profile sets of ethical principles for AI. We assess whether these (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  14. I see you, Buddha!Josh Bartok - 2020 - Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.
    Destined to be classic: a tale from the Buddhist sutras told in the memorable and engaging rhyming verse in the tradition of Dr. Seuss and Shel Silverstein. Children and their parents will both love it, and be encouraged. Illustrated in a style that brings both humor and tradition, by the renowned and award-winning illustrator of Wisdom's Illustrated Lotus Sutra, and many other books. I See You, Buddha will help children (and their parents) difficulty with patience and learn to see the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. SNYDER, D. P. "Modal Logic and its Applications". [REVIEW]K. Fine - 1974 - Mind 83:616.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  7
    Symmetry and Reformulation: On Intellectual Progress in Science and Mathematics.Josh Hunt - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    Science and mathematics continually change in their tools, methods, and concepts. Many of these changes are not just modifications but progress---steps to be admired. But what constitutes progress? This dissertation addresses one central source of intellectual advancement in both disciplines: reformulating a problem-solving plan into a new, logically compatible one. For short, I call these cases of compatible problem-solving plans "reformulations." Two aspects of reformulations are puzzling. First, reformulating is often unnecessary. Given that we could already solve a problem using (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Howard-Snyder, Daniel and Paul K. Moser, eds., Divine Hiddenness: New Essays.W. L. Rowe - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):606.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  8
    From moral to epistemic responsibility.Josh Cangelosi - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-17.
    This paper originally expands the orthodox conception of moral blameworthiness to account for blameworthiness for conduct and outcomes across normative domains, showcases the account’s power to explain epistemic blameworthiness for behavior and belief in particular, and highlights the account’s significance for theorizing about normativity and responsibility. Notably, the account challenges the prevailing polarization between deontic, axiological, and aretaic approaches to moral and epistemic normativity by suggesting that these so-called “competitors” serve as cooperators in explaining responsibility. The account also highlights the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Gender Identities and Feminism.Josh T. U. Cohen - 2018 - Ethics, Politics and Society.
    Many feminists (e.g. T. Bettcher and B. R. George) argue for a principle of first person authority (FPA) about gender, i.e. that we should (at least) not disavow people's gender self-categorisations. However, there is a feminist tradition resistant to FPA about gender, which I call "radical feminism”. Feminists in this tradition define gender-categories via biological sex, thus denying non-binary and trans self-identifications. Using a taxonomy by B. R. George, I begin to demystify the concept of gender. We are also able (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  3
    Studies in Ideology: Essays on Culture and Subjectivity.Josh M. Beach - 2005 - Upa.
    In Studies in Ideology, poet and theorist J.M. Beach delivers a comprehensive analysis of the history and theory of "ideology." Beach offers his theory of ideology in conjunction with an extensive reading of history and contemporary affairs and ends the book with a brief biographical sketch of his own intellectual maturation, which is imbedded within a daring and timely critique of Christianity.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. The Problem of Lexical Innovation.Josh Armstrong - 2016 - Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (2):87-118.
    In a series of papers, Donald Davidson :3–17, 1984, The philosophical grounds of rationality, 1986, Midwest Stud Philos 16:1–12, 1991) developed a powerful argument against the claim that linguistic conventions provide any explanatory purchase on an account of linguistic meaning and communication. This argument, as I shall develop it, turns on cases of what I call lexical innovation: cases in which a speaker uses a sentence containing a novel expression-meaning pair, but nevertheless successfully communicates her intended meaning to her audience. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  22.  11
    After the Chenoan: Engagement or Containment? What is the most effective approach for the United States Foreign Policy when considering North Korea's nuclear ambitions?Josh Saxby - 2011 - Polis (Misc) 6:2012.
  23. Theories of Location.Josh Parsons - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:201.
  24. Communication Before Communicative Intention.Josh Armstrong - forthcoming - Noûs.
    This paper explores the significance of intelligent social behavior among non-human animals for philosophical theories of communication. Using the alarm call system of vervet monkeys as a case study, I argue that interpersonal communication (or what I call “minded communication”) can and does take place in the absence of the production and recognition of communicative intentions. More generally, I argue that evolutionary theory provides good reasons for maintaining that minded communication is both temporally and explanatorily prior to the use of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  1
    Stephen Snyder, End-of-Art Philosophy in Hegel, Nietzsche and Danto.Šárka Lojdová - 2019 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 56 (2):263-272.
    A review of Stephen Snyder’s End-of-Art Philosophy in Hegel, Nietzsche and Danto.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Let me take you down" : evolution and extinction in the submarine.Josh Wodak - 2019 - In Margaret Cohen & Killian Colm Quigley (eds.), The aesthetics of the undersea. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Wrestling with (and without) dialetheism.Josh Parsons & Jon Cogburn - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):87 – 102.
    Neil Tennant and Joseph Salerno have recently attempted to rigorously formalize Michael Dummett's argument for logical revision. Surprisingly, both conclude that Dummett commits elementary logical errors, and hence fails to offer an argument that is even prima facie valid. After explicating the arguments Salerno and Tennant attribute to Dummett, I show how broader attention to Dummett's writings on the theory of meaning allows one to discern, and formalize, a valid argument for logical revision. Then, after correctly providing a rigorous statement (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  28
    Gamesmanship as strategic excellence.Josh Leota & Michael-John Turp - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (2):232-247.
    Contributors to the literature on gamesmanship typically assume that gamesmanship can be clearly distinguished from other legal strategies used in sports. In this article, we argue that this is a m...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. Misrepresenting consciousness.Josh Weisberg - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 154 (3):409 - 433.
    An important objection to the "higher-order" theory of consciousness turns on the possibility of higher-order misrepresentation. I argue that the objection fails because it illicitly assumes a characterization of consciousness explicitly rejected by HO theory. This in turn raises the question of what justifies an initial characterization of the data a theory of consciousness must explain. I distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic characterizations of consciousness, and I propose several desiderata a successful characterization of consciousness must meet. I then defend the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  30. Interrupting Auschwitz: Art, Religion.Josh Cohen - forthcoming - Philosophy.
  31. Coordination, Triangulation, and Language Use.Josh Armstrong - 2016 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 59 (1):80-112.
    In this paper, I explore two contrasting conceptions of the social character of language. The first takes language to be grounded in social convention. The second, famously developed by Donald Davidson, takes language to be grounded in a social relation called triangulation. I aim both to clarify and to evaluate these two conceptions of language. First, I propose that Davidson’s triangulation-based story can be understood as the result of relaxing core features of conventionalism pertaining to both common-interest and diachronic stability—specifically, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  32.  9
    Sandra Peterson , Socrates and Philosophy in the Dialogues of Plato . Reviewed by.Josh Wilburn - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (6):449-451.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  35
    Relative Versus Absolute Standards for Everyday Risk in Adolescent HIV Prevention Trials: Expanding the Debate.Jeremy Snyder, Cari L. Miller & Glenda Gray - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):5 - 13.
    The concept of minimal risk has been used to regulate and limit participation by adolescents in clinical trials. It can be understood as setting an absolute standard of what risks are considered minimal or it can be interpreted as relative to the actual risks faced by members of the host community for the trial. While commentators have almost universally opposed a relative interpretation of the environmental risks faced by potential adolescent trial participants, we argue that the ethical concerns against the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  34.  24
    Groups, sets, and paradox.Eric Snyder & Stewart Shapiro - 2022 - Linguistics and Philosophy 45 (6):1277-1313.
    Perhaps the most pressing challenge for singularism—the predominant view that definite plurals like ‘the students’ singularly refer to a collective entity, such as a mereological sum or set—is that it threatens paradox. Indeed, this serves as a primary motivation for pluralism—the opposing view that definite plurals refer to multiple individuals simultaneously through the primitive relation of plural reference. Groups represent one domain in which this threat is immediate. After all, groups resemble sets in having a kind of membership-relation and iterating: (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Must a Four-Dimensionalist Believe in Temporal Parts?Josh Parsons - 2000 - The Monist 83 (3):399-418.
    The following quotation, from Frank Jackson, is the beginning of a typical exposition of the debate between those metaphysicians who believe in temporal parts, and those who do not: The dispute between three-dimensionalism and four-dimensionalism, or more precisely, that part of the dispute we will be concerned with, concerns what persistence, and correllatively, what change, comes to. Three-dimensionalism holds that an object exists at a time by being wholly present at that time, and, accordingly, that it persists if it is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   106 citations  
  36.  5
    Plastic surveillance: Payment cards and the history of transactional data, 1888 to present.Josh Lauer - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (1).
    Modern payment cards encompass a bewildering array of consumer technologies, from credit and debit cards to stored-value and loyalty cards. But what unites all of these financial media is their connection to recordkeeping systems. Each swipe sends data hurtling through invisible infrastructures to verify accounts, record purchase details, exchange funds, and update balances. With payment cards, banks and merchants have been able to amass vast archives of transactional data. This information is a valuable asset in itself. It can be used (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  41
    Negative Partiality.Josh Brandt - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (1):33-55.
    At the outset of the Republic, Polemarchus advances the bold thesis that “justice is the art which gives benefit to friends and injury to enemies”. He quickly rejects the hypothesis, and what follows is a long tradition of neglecting the ethics of enmity. The parallel issue of how friendship affects the moral sphere has, by contrast, been greatly illuminated by discussions both ancient and contemporary. This article connects this existing work to the less explored topic of the normative significance of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. Global workspace theory: Consciousness explained?Josh McDermott - 1995 - Harvard Brain 2 (1).
    The subject of consciousness, long shunned by mainstream psychology and the scientific community, has over the last two decades become a legitimate topic of scientific research. One of the most thorough attempts to formulate a theory of consciousness has come from Bernard Baars, a psychologist working at the Wright Institute. Baars proposes that consciousness is the result of a Global Workspace in the brain that distributes information to the huge number of parallel unconscious processors that form the rest of the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Pragmatism and the untenable dualism of means and ends: Why rational choice theory does not deserve paradigmatic privilege. [REVIEW]Josh Whitford - 2002 - Theory and Society 31 (3):325-363.
  40. No matter: aesthetic theory and the self-annihilating artwork.Josh Cohen - 2006 - In David Rudrum (ed.), Literature and Philosophy: A Guide to Contemporary Debates. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  1
    Love is Always Right: A Defense of the One Moral Absolute.Josh McDowell - 1996 - Word Publ..
    Through real-life scenarios and practical illustrations, the authors address complex ethical dilemmas to everyday moral decisions. Learn to make moral choices based on God's love and His absolute truth.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  83
    Intellectual Patience: Controlling Temporally-Charged Urges in the Life of the Mind.Josh Dolin & Jason Baehr - forthcoming - In Nathan L. King (ed.), Endurance.
    In this chapter, we analyze intellectual patience as a character trait. We look at the contexts that call for patience and at what patience demands in those contexts. Together these constitute our account of patience, though the focus is on patience in the life of the mind. We also consider how patience and perseverance differ, which offers a better understanding of the former and sheds light on how character traits can cooperate. We then consider how to become virtuously patient. We (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  34
    Nozick’s libertarian critique of Regan.Josh Milburn - 2018 - Between the Species 21 (1).
    Robert Nozick’s oft-quoted review of Tom Regan’s The Case for Animal Rights levels a range of challenges to Regan’s philosophy. Many commentators have focussed on Nozick’s putative defence of speciesism, but this has led to them overlooking other aspects of the critique. In this paper, I draw attention to two. First is Nozick’s criticism of Regan’s political theory, which is best understood relative to Nozick’s libertarianism. Nozick’s challenge invites the possibility of a libertarian account of animal rights – which is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44. Distributional Properties.Josh Parsons - 2004 - In Frank Jackson & Graham Priest (eds.), Lewisian Themes: The Philosophy of David K. Lewis. Clarendon Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   59 citations  
  45.  22
    Appearances and Reality in Sextus Empiricus: Self Refutation and Nagarjuna.Josh Smith - unknown
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  39
    Laura Snyder, Reforming philosophy. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2009 - Rivista di Filosofia 100 (2):324-325.
    In this book the analysis of the relationship between Whewell and Mill is extended from the theme of induction, the topic the author starts with, to the comparison between the two projects of an overall reform of knowledge. These programmes announce themselves to the general public as proclamations of war for or against the academic, political and religious establishment; however, when viewed from the inside, they more or less consciously share very similar objectives. This applies both to the scientific method (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Same old, same old: The same-order representational theory of consciousness and the division of phenomenal labor.Josh Weisberg - 2008 - Synthese 160 (2):161-181.
    The same-order representation theory of consciousness holds that conscious mental states represent both the world and themselves. This complex representational structure is posited in part to avoid a powerful objection to the more traditional higher-order representation theory of consciousness. The objection contends that the higher-order theory fails to account for the intimate relationship that holds between conscious states and our awareness of them--the theory 'divides the phenomenal labor' in an illicit fashion. This 'failure of intimacy' is exposed by the possibility (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  48. Review of Sider, Four-Dimensionalism. [REVIEW]Josh Parsons - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (214):188-191.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  64
    The Buyer–Supplier Relationship: An Integrative Model of Ethics and Trust.Josh Gullett Loc Do, Maria Canuto-Carranco Mark Brister & Shundricka Turner Cam Caldwell - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S3):329-341.
    The buyer–supplier relationship is the nexus of the economic partnership of many commercial transactions and is founded upon the reciprocal trust of the two parties that participate in this economic exchange. In this article, we identify how six ethical elements play a key role in framing the buyer–supplier relationship, incorporating a model articulated by Hosmer (The ethics of management, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008 ). We explain how trust is a behavior, the relinquishing of personal control in the expectant hope that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  50. Living the life aquatic.Josh Dever - unknown
    • The Static Conception of Semantics (Preliminary Version): A semantic theory should assign a proposition, conceived of as some carrier of meaning that can play the role of truth condition determination, to each (or at least each declarative) sentence.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000