Results for 'Josephine Yam'

347 found
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  1. From Human Resources to Human Rights: Impact Assessments for Hiring Algorithms.Josephine Yam & Joshua August Skorburg - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):611-623.
    Over the years, companies have adopted hiring algorithms because they promise wider job candidate pools, lower recruitment costs and less human bias. Despite these promises, they also bring perils. Using them can inflict unintentional harms on individual human rights. These include the five human rights to work, equality and nondiscrimination, privacy, free expression and free association. Despite the human rights harms of hiring algorithms, the AI ethics literature has predominantly focused on abstract ethical principles. This is problematic for two reasons. (...)
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  2. Is There an App for That?: Ethical Issues in the Digital Mental Health Response to COVID-19.Joshua August Skorburg & Josephine Yam - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience:1-14.
    As COVID-19 spread, clinicians warned of mental illness epidemics within the coronavirus pandemic. Funding for digital mental health is surging and researchers are calling for widespread adoption to address the mental health sequalae of COVID-19. -/- We consider whether these technologies improve mental health outcomes and whether they exacerbate existing health inequalities laid bare by the pandemic. We argue the evidence for efficacy is weak and the likelihood of increasing inequalities is high. -/- First, we review recent trends in digital (...)
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  3.  30
    The Feminist Care Tradition in Animal Ethics: A Reader.Josephine Donovan & Carol J. Adams (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In _Beyond Animal Rights_, Josephine Donovan and Carol J. Adams introduced feminist "ethic of care" theory into philosophical discussions of the treatment of animals. In this new volume, seven essays from _Beyond Animal Rights_ are joined by nine new articles-most of which were written in response to that book-and a new introduction that situates feminist animal care theory within feminist theory and the larger debate over animal rights. Contributors critique theorists' reliance on natural rights doctrine and utilitarianism, which, they (...)
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  4.  70
    A Mathematical Theory of Strong Emergence Using Multiscale Variety.Yaneer Bar-Yam - 2004 - Complexity 9 (6):15-24.
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  5.  26
    The Effects of Thought Suppression on Ethical Decision Making: Mental Rebound Versus Ego Depletion.Kai Yam - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1):65-79.
    Although thought suppression is a commonly used self-control strategy that has far-reaching consequences, its effect on ethical decision making is unclear. Whereas ironic process theory suggests that suppressing ethics-related thoughts leads to mental rebounds of ethicality and decreased unethical behavior, ego depletion theory suggests that thought suppression can lead to reduced self-control and increased unethical behavior. Integrating the two theories, I propose that the effect of thought suppression on unethical behavior hinges on the content of the suppressed thoughts. Participants who (...)
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  6. New Yam-Festivals in Igboland.E. Onwurah - 1990 - Journal of Dharma 15 (4):314-323.
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  7.  38
    Multiscale Variety in Complex Systems.Yaneer Bar-Yam - 2004 - Complexity 9 (4):37-45.
    The standard assumptions that underlie many conceptual and quantitative frameworks do not hold for many complex physical, biological, and social systems. Complex systems science clarifies when and why such assumptions fail and provides alternative frameworks for understanding the properties of complex systems. This review introduces some of the basic principles of complex systems science, including complexity profiles, the tradeoff between efficiency and adaptability, the necessity of matching the complexity of systems to that of their environments, multiscale analysis, and evolutionary processes. (...)
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  8.  29
    The Effects of Victim Anonymity on Unethical Behavior.Kai Chi Yam & Scott J. Reynolds - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):13-22.
    We theorize that victim anonymity is an important factor in ethical decision making, such that actors engage in more self-interested and unethical behaviors toward anonymous victims than they do toward identifiable victims. Three experiments provided empirical support for this argument. In Study 1, participants withheld more life-saving products from anonymous than from identifiable victims. In Study 2, participants allocated a sum of payment more unfairly when interacting with an anonymous than with an identifiable partner. Finally, in Study 3, participants cheated (...)
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  9.  13
    Would I Really Make a Difference? Moral Typecasting Theory and its Implications for Helping Ethical Leaders.Kai Chi Yam, Ryan Fehr, Tyler C. Burch, Yajun Zhang & Kurt Gray - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (3):675-692.
    Ethical leadership research has primarily relied on social learning and social exchange theories. Although these theories have been generative, additional theoretical perspectives hold the potential to broaden scholars’ understanding of ethical leadership’s effects. In this paper, we examine moral typecasting theory and its unique implications for followers’ leader-directed citizenship behavior. Across two studies employing both survey-based and experimental methods, we offer support for three key predictions consistent with this theory. First, the effect of ethical leadership on leader-directed citizenship behavior is (...)
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  10.  40
    Beyond Animal Rights: A Feminist Caring Ethic for the Treatment of Animals.Josephine Donovan & Carol J. Adams (eds.) - 1996 - Continuum.
    Contains eight contributions which extend feminist ethic-of-care theory to the issue of animal well-being. As a group, the essays aim to suggest ways that theorists can move beyond the notion of animal rights to establish care as a basis for the ethical treatment of animals. Annotation c. by Book.
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  11.  5
    The Unintended Consequences of Empowering Leadership: Increased Deviance for Some Followers.Kai Chi Yam, Scott J. Reynolds, Pengcheng Zhang & Runkun Su - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    Integrating research on empowering leadership with the literature on power in social psychology, we examine how empowering leaders affect the propensity of followers to engage in deviance. Across a multi-source, multi-wave field study and a controlled laboratory experiment, we find that, compared to the followers of less-empowering leaders, the followers of more empowering leaders feel subjectively more powerful and engage in more deviant behaviors. Moreover, we find that the propensity of empowered followers to engage in more deviance depends on their (...)
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  12. Feminism and the Treatment of Animals : From Care to Dialogue.Josephine Donovan - 2008 - In Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.), The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge.
  13.  31
    Computationally Tractable Pairwise Complexity Profile.Yaneer Bar‐Yam & Dion Harmon - 2013 - Complexity 18 (5):20-27.
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  14.  26
    From Big Data to Important Information.Yaneer Bar-Yam - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):73-98.
  15.  18
    The Limits of Phenomenology: From Behaviorism to Drug Testing and Engineering Design.Yaneer Bar-Yam - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):181-189.
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  16.  33
    Ethics and Law: Guiding the Invisible Hand to Correct Corporate Social Responsibility Externalities. [REVIEW]Paul K. Shum & Sharon L. Yam - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):549 - 571.
    Tokenistic short-term economic success is not good indicia of long-term success. Sustainable business success requires sustained existence in a corporation's political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental contexts. Far beyond the traditional economic focus, consumers, governments and public interest groups alike increasingly expect the business sector to take on more social and environmental responsibilities. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is the model in which economic, social and environmental responsibilities are fulfilled simultaneously. However, there is insufficient empirical evidence that demonstrates genuine widespread (...)
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  17.  18
    Moral Consciousness in a Community of Inquiry.Josephine Russell - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (2):141-153.
    In this qualitative research study moral consciousness was examined in a chosen sample of two groups of children, aged 7-8 and 11-12 years, respectively. An emergent research design was used, which meant analysing the data continually so that significant meanings could emerge in the process. What was important in the study could not be predetermined, but evolved from the categories of meaning that I derived inductively from the data. The results show that children have a strong moral sense and this (...)
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  18.  15
    Pain Management and Pain Characteristics in Obese and Normal Weight Patients Before Joint Replacement.Joséphine Thomazeau, Juliette Perin, Remy Nizard, Didier Bouhassira, Elisabeth Collin, Eliane Nguyen, Serge Perrot, Jean-François Bergmann & Célia Lloret-Linares - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (5):611-616.
  19.  2
    Survive and Resist: The Definitive Guide to Dystopian Politics. By Shauna L. Shames and Amy L. Atchison.Joséphine Yolande Soubise - 2021 - Utopian Studies 32 (2):436-439.
    In Survive and Resist: The Definitive Guide to Dystopian Politics Shauna L. Shames and Amy L. Atchison aim to give the readers an insight into various key concepts in political science by analyzing some of the world's most famous dystopian fictional works. Among them are George Orwell's 1984, Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale, but also more recent novels such as Scott Westerfield's 2005 Uglies Trilogy. In separate chapters, the authors draw on a wide array of concepts in political philosophy to (...)
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  20.  9
    Budgets Versus Bans: How U.S. Law Restricts Germline Gene Editing.Josephine Johnston - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (2):4-5.
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  21.  18
    Identity, Performance and Technology: Practices of Empowerment, Embodiment and Technicity.Susan Broadhurst & Josephine Machon (eds.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This project investigates the implications of technology on identity in embodied performance, exploring the interrelationship of & between identities in performance practices & considering how identity is formed, de-formed, blurred & ...
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  22.  14
    Abelam Yam Beliefs and Sociorhythmicity: A Study in Chronoanthropology.Richard Scaglion & Richard G. Condon - 1979 - Journal of Biosocial Science 11 (1):17-25.
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  23.  8
    Ethical Issues in Living-Related Corneal Tissue Transplantation.Joséphine Behaegel, Sorcha Ní Dhubhghaill & Heather Draper - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):430-434.
    The cornea was the first human solid tissue to be transplanted successfully, and is now a common procedure in ophthalmic surgery. The grafts come from deceased donors. Corneal therapies are now being developed that rely on tissue from living-related donors. This presents new ethical challenges for ophthalmic surgeons, who have hitherto been somewhat insulated from debates in transplantation and donation ethics. This paper provides the first overview of the ethical considerations generated by ocular tissue donation from living donors and suggests (...)
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  24.  10
    Recognition and Justification: Towards a Rationalisation Approach to Inculturation.Josephine N. Akah, Aloysius C. Obiwulu & Anthony C. Ajah - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (3).
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  25.  15
    The Future of Reproductive Autonomy.Josephine Johnston & Rachel L. Zacharias - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (s3):S6-S11.
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  26.  1
    The Term “Avyapadeśyam” in Gautama’s Definition of Perception.Kuntala Bhattacharya - 2021 - Journal of World Philosophies 6 (1):24-37.
    Of all the cognitive means recognized in Indian philosophical schools, perception is considered the primary. Gautama, the philosopher who authored Nyāyasūtra—the first aphoristic collection of the Nyāya tenets—defines perception as the principal cause of true perceptual cognition, that is, of a cognition generated out of sense-object contact, non-deviating, non-vacillating, and nonverbal. Of these, the adjective “nonverbal”—the translated version of the Sanskrit term “avyapadeśyam”—ignited a serious debate that was argued for about a millennium. This article tries to trace different interpretations of (...)
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  27.  21
    Understanding Culture Clashes and Catalyzing Change: A Culture Cycle Approach.Mar Yam G. Hamedani & Hazel Rose Markus - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  28. Teaching Reformation History.Josephine Laffin - 2017 - The Australasian Catholic Record 94 (4):440.
    Laffin, Josephine On 31 October 2017 it will be five hundred years since Martin Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, the date traditionally hailed as the start of the Lutheran Reformation. Another anniversary is a personal one: it is twenty-five years since I began teaching Reformation history. It seems an appropriate time, therefore, to pause and reflect on the significance of this task.
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  29.  12
    Josephine Donovan, Women and the Rise of the Novel, 1405–1726. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999. Pp. Xiii, 176. $39.95.Barbara K. Altmann - 2000 - Speculum 75 (4):919-920.
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  30. Blessed and Beautiful: Picturing the Saints [Book Review].Josephine Laffin - 2012 - The Australasian Catholic Record 89 (4):505.
    Laffin, Josephine Review(s) of: Blessed and beautiful: Picturing the saints, by Robert Kiely, (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010), pp.344, $49.95.
     
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  31. Dasein's Struggle with 'Others'.Josephine A. Seguna - 2010 - Emergent Australasian Philosophers 3 (1).
    Dasein’s struggle is an investigation of the writings of Martin Heidegger to consider whether his thoughts and beliefs would be useful and / or insightful in addressing contemporary society and its discriminatory practices towards disabled people. Heidegger‟s basic existential being Dasein, is in constant interaction and interconnection with others as it negotiates its best possibilities of Being-in-the-world. This pursuit of an „authentic‟ existence is interpreted as a struggle for individuality, acceptance, engagement and resistance to social conformity and anonymity. Developing the (...)
     
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  32.  11
    Identity, Agency and Community: Reconsidering the Pedagogic Responsibilities of Teacher Education.Josephine Moate & Maria Ruohotie-Lyhty - 2014 - British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (3):249-264.
  33. Josephine Russell, How Children Become Moral Selves: Building Character and Promoting Citizenship in Education. [REVIEW]Mark Vopat - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (3):221-223.
  34.  18
    Philosophy For Children.Josephine K. R. Zesaguli - 1994 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 12 (1):27-32.
    This paper describes the exploratory study which was carried out in Zimbabwe with an elementary Grade 7 class and with the firstand third- year student teachers, at a Teacher Training College, "doing philosophy", using Lipman's PIXIE and HARRY novels, respectively, and the proposed critical inquiry methodology.Secondly the perceptions of the participants, about their experiences during these exploratory sessions, which were derived from the researcher's self-evaluation and the students' informal evaluations, are presented in the paper.
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  35.  38
    Disability: An Embodied Reality (or Space) of Dasein.Josephine A. Seguna - 2014 - Human Studies 37 (1):31-56.
    The ‘body’ has remained the pivotal and essential mechanism for analysis within disability scholarship. Yet while historically conceptualized as an individual’s fundamental feature, the ‘disabled identity’ has been more recently explained as a function of ‘normalcy’ through social, cultural political, and legal discriminations against difference and deviancy. Disability studies’ established tradition of consultation with philosophical endeavour remains apparently unwilling to exploit or utilize Martin Heidegger’s understanding of ‘Being’ and interpretation of Dasein as a possible framework for unravelling the complexities of (...)
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  36.  12
    From Centrality to Temporary Fame: Dynamic Centrality in Complex Networks.Dan Braha & Yaneer Bar-Yam - 2006 - Complexity 12 (2):59-63.
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  37. An Australian Bishop at Vatican II: Matthew Beovich's Council Diary.Josephine Laffin - 2014 - The Australasian Catholic Record 91 (4):387.
    Laffin, Josephine The archbishop of Adelaide, it must be acknowledged, did not play a prominent role at Vatican II. Matthew Beovich never gave a speech in the aula, the Council 'hall' inside St Peter's Basilica, nor did he prepare a written submission. At first glance, his seemingly minimal participation reinforces the damning judgment of Patrick O'Farrell that members of the Australian hierarchy were 'frequently uncomprehending and even resistant to the spirit of change'. With this from the doyen of Catholic (...)
     
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  38.  45
    Principles of Colonial Government.Josephine M. Pisani - 1949 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 24 (3):398-401.
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  39.  34
    Histoire du Canada.Josephine M. Pisani - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (3):515-515.
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  40. The Impact of the Daily Mile™ on School Pupils’ Fitness, Cognition, and Wellbeing: Findings From Longer Term Participation.Josephine N. Booth, Ross A. Chesham, Naomi E. Brooks, Trish Gorely & Colin N. Moran - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundSchool based running programmes, such as The Daily Mile™, positively impact pupils’ physical health, however, there is limited evidence on psychological health. Additionally, current evidence is mostly limited to examining the acute impact. The present study examined the longer term impact of running programmes on pupil cognition, wellbeing, and fitness.MethodData from 6,908 school pupils, who were participating in a citizen science project, was examined. Class teachers provided information about participation in school based running programmes. Participants completed computer-based tasks of inhibition, (...)
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  41.  18
    Essential Society: An Ontological Reconstruction.Josephine Wtulich - 1965 - International Philosophical Quarterly 5 (3):511-513.
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  42.  33
    Esquisse D’Un Portrait.Josephine M. Pisani - 1945 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 20 (2):331-331.
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  43.  26
    Sequencing Newborns: A Call for Nuanced Use of Genomic Technologies.Josephine Johnston, John D. Lantos, Aaron Goldenberg, Flavia Chen, Erik Parens & Barbara A. Koenig - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S2):S2-S6.
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  44.  8
    The Baby's Picture: Woman as Image Maker in Small-Town America.Josephine Gear - 1987 - Feminist Studies 13 (2):419.
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  45.  16
    Values in Language; Or, Where Have "Goodness, Truth," and "Beauty" Gone?Josephine Miles - 1976 - Critical Inquiry 3 (1):1-13.
    As you might guess, the words goodness, truth, and beauty are not of heavy poetic value today. Terms of concept may be stressed again someday, and maybe soon, but at the moment have gone out of poetry in favor of more concreteness, more imagery, more connotative suggestion, less effect of the naming and labeling virtues, which Ezra Pound and other twentieth-century leaders have told us not to use. But actually these terms of abstract concept were lessened in major usage in (...)
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  46.  13
    Passion and Disillusion.Josephine Vallerie - 1955 - Renascence 7 (3):157-157.
  47. And Another Thing... How Co-Editions Can Go Wrong: Pitfalls of Cross-Cultural Translation.Josephine Bacon - 2005 - Logos 16 (1):48-53.
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  48. English Into English: A Job for Translators?Josephine Bacon - 2005 - Logos 16 (3):155-158.
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  49. On Psychology as a Science of Selves.Josephine Nash Curtis - 1915 - Philosophical Review 24:227.
  50. In Search of Anthropology in China : A Discipline Caught in a Web of Nation Building, Socialist Capitalism, and Globalization.Josephine Smart - 2006 - In Gustavo Lins Ribeiro & Arturo Escobar (eds.), World Anthropologies: Disciplinary Transformations Within Systems of Power. Berg.
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