Results for 'Jorge Rodr��guez-Morales'

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  1.  26
    “Nudging” Deceased Donation Through an Opt-Out System: A Libertarian Approach or Manipulation?David Rodrıguez-Arias & Myfanwy Morgan - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):25-28.
  2.  24
    La virtù dell'epicheia: Teoria, storia e applicazione:(II): Dal Cursus theologicus dei Salmanticenses fino ai nostri Giorni.'.Angel Rodrıguez Luno - 1998 - Acta Philosophica 7 (1):65-88.
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  3. Use of Cenograms in Mammalian Palaeoecology.J. Rodrıguez - 1999 - A Critical Review. Lethaia 32:331-347.
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  4.  23
    On Popper-Miller's Proof of the Impossibility of Inductive Probability.Andr�Srivadulla Rodr�Guez - 1987 - Erkenntnis 27 (3):353-357.
  5. Racism: Against Jorge Garcia's Moral and Psychological Monism.Luc Faucher & Edouard Machery - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):41-62.
    In this article, we argue that it can be fruitful for philosophers interested in the nature and moral significance of racism to pay more attention to psychology. We do this by showing that psychology provides new arguments against Garcia's views about the nature and moral significance of racism. We contend that some scientific studies of racial cognition undermine Garcia's moral and psychological monism about racism: Garcia disregards (1) the rich affective texture of racism and (2) the diversity of what makes (...)
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  6.  13
    José Jorge Mendoza, The Moral and Political Philosophy of Immigration: Liberty, Security, and Equality. Reviewed By.Juneko Junielle Robinson - 2018 - Philosophy in Review 38 (1):30-32.
    A review providing an overview and assessment of Jose Jorge Mendoza's The Moral and Political Philosophy of Immigration.
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  7. Diseño Y construcción de un brazo mecánico de tres grados de libertad.Jes S. Otero Yugat, Sagid Enrique Rodr Guez & Jos Javier Guti Rrez - 2008 - Scientia 14.
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  8. Ateísmo en el siglo XVII: Análisis del Theophrastus Redivivus.Marcelino RodrÍ, Guez DonÍ & S. - 2003 - Agora 22 (1):155-176.
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  9. Espiritualidad laica y modernidad.Fernando RodrÍ, Guez GenovÉ & S. - 1999 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 18:163-168.
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  10. Oídos sordos, culturas y diferencias : de la exclusión al orgullo.Fernando RodrÍ, Guez GenovÉ & S. - 2003 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 28:85-94.
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  11. The Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Jorge Morales & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 233-260.
    In this chapter, we discuss a selection of current views of the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC). We focus on the different predictions they make, in particular with respect to the role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) during visual experiences, which is an area of critical interest and some source of contention. Our discussion of these views focuses on the level of functional anatomy, rather than at the neuronal circuitry level. We take this approach because we currently understand more about experimental (...)
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  12. Moral Judgments, Emotions and the Utilitarian Brain.Jorge Moll & Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (8):319-321.
  13. Sustained Representation of Perspectival Shape.Jorge Morales, Axel Bax & Chaz Firestone - 2020 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117 (26):14873–14882.
    Arguably the most foundational principle in perception research is that our experience of the world goes beyond the retinal image; we perceive the distal environment itself, not the proximal stimulation it causes. Shape may be the paradigm case of such “unconscious inference”: When a coin is rotated in depth, we infer the circular object it truly is, discarding the perspectival ellipse projected on our eyes. But is this really the fate of such perspectival shapes? Or does a tilted coin retain (...)
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  14.  80
    Domain-General and Domain-Specific Patterns of Activity Support Metacognition in Human Prefrontal Cortex.Jorge Morales, Hakwan Lau & Stephen M. Fleming - 2018 - The Journal of Neuroscience 38 (14):3534-3546.
    Metacognition is the capacity to evaluate the success of one's own cognitive processes in various domains; for example, memory and perception. It remains controversial whether metacognition relies on a domain-general resource that is applied to different tasks or if self-evaluative processes are domain specific. Here, we investigated this issue directly by examining the neural substrates engaged when metacognitive judgments were made by human participants of both sexes during perceptual and memory tasks matched for stimulus and performance characteristics. By comparing patterns (...)
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  15. Controlling for Performance Capacity Confounds in Neuroimaging Studies of Conscious Awareness.Jorge Morales, Jeffrey Chiang & Hakwan Lau - 2015 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 1:1-11.
    Studying the neural correlates of conscious awareness depends on a reliable comparison between activations associated with awareness and unawareness. One particularly difficult confound to remove is task performance capacity, i.e. the difference in performance between the conditions of interest. While ideally task performance capacity should be matched across different conditions, this is difficult to achieve experimentally. However, differences in performance could theoretically be corrected for mathematically. One such proposal is found in a recent paper by Lamy, Salti and Bar-Haim [Lamy (...)
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  16.  2
    Psychological Variables Related to Adaptation to the COVID-19 Lockdown in Spain.Fabia Morales-Vives, Jorge-Manuel Dueñas, Andreu Vigil-Colet & Marta Camarero-Figuerola - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  17. Minority Reports: Consciousness and the Prefrontal Cortex.Matthias Michel & Jorge Morales - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (4):493-513.
    Whether the prefrontal cortex is part of the neural substrates of consciousness is currently debated. Against prefrontal theories of consciousness, many have argued that neural activity in the prefrontal cortex does not correlate with consciousness but with subjective reports. We defend prefrontal theories of consciousness against this argument. We surmise that the requirement for reports is not a satisfying explanation of the difference in neural activity between conscious and unconscious trials, and that prefrontal theories of consciousness come out of this (...)
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  18. Confidence Tracks Consciousness.Jorge Morales & Hakwan Lau - forthcoming - In Joshua Weisberg (ed.), Qualitative Consciousness: Themes from the Philosophy of David Rosenthal.
    Consciousness and confidence seem intimately related. Accordingly, some researchers use confidence ratings as a measure of, or proxy for, consciousness. Rosenthal discusses the potential connections between the two, and rejects confidence as a valid measure of consciousness. He argues that there are better alternatives to get at conscious experiences such as direct subjective reports of awareness (i.e. subjects’ reports of perceiving something or of the degree of visibility of a stimulus). In this chapter, we offer a different perspective. Confidence ratings (...)
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  19. The Neural Substrates of Conscious Perception Without Performance Confounds.Jorge Morales, Brian Odegaard & Brian Maniscalco - forthcoming - In Felipe De Brigard & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (eds.), Anthology of Neuroscience and Philosophy.
    To find the neural substrates of consciousness, researchers compare subjects’ neural activity when they are aware of stimuli against neural activity when they are not aware. Ideally, to guarantee that the neural substrates of consciousness—and nothing but the neural substrates of consciousness—are isolated, the only difference between these two contrast conditions should be conscious awareness. Nevertheless, in practice, it is quite challenging to eliminate confounds and irrelevant differences between conscious and unconscious conditions. In particular, there is an often-neglected confound that (...)
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  20.  15
    The Regime of Translation in Miguel Antonio Caro's Colombia.José María Rodríguez-García, RodrÍ, JosÉ Guez-Garc&A. & Mar&Iac - 2004 - Diacritics 34 (3):143-175.
  21.  13
    Introduction: Literary Into Cultural Translation.José María Rodríguez-García, RodrÍ, JosÉ Guez-Garc&A. & Mar&Iac - 2004 - Diacritics 34 (3):3-30.
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  22. Philosophical Analysis and the Moral Concept of Racism.Jorge Garcia - 1999 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (5):1-32.
    This paper uses tools of philosophical analysis critically to examine accounts of the nature of racism that have recently been offered by writers including existentialist philosopher Lewis Gordon, conservative theorist Dinesh D'Souza, and sociologists Michael Omi and Howard Winant. These approaches, which conceive of racism either as a bad-faith choice to believe, a doctrine, or as a type of 'social formation', are found wanting for a variety of reasons, especially that they cannot comprehend some forms of racism. I propose an (...)
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  23.  10
    The Regime of Translation in Miguel Antonio Caro's Colombia.José María Rodríguez-García, Rodr&, Iacute, Jos& Guez-Garc&A., Eacute, Mar& & Iac - 2004 - Diacritics 34 (3):143-174.
  24. The Fundamental Problem with No-Cognition Paradigms.Ian B. Phillips & Jorge Morales - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences:1-2.
  25. Morals.Jörg Zirfas - 2003 - Education and Culture. In: Culture and Education. European Studies in Education 16:38-51.
     
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  26. Introspection Is Signal Detection.Jorge Morales - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Introspection is a fundamental part of our mental lives. Nevertheless, its reliability and its underlying cognitive architecture have been widely disputed. Here, I propose a principled way to model introspection. By using time-tested principles from signal detection theory (SDT) and extrapolating them from perception to introspection, I offer a new framework for an introspective signal detection theory (iSDT). In SDT, the reliability of perceptual judgments is a function of the strength of an internal perceptual response (signal- to-noise ratio) which is, (...)
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  27.  15
    Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality.Jörg Schroth - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):91-94.
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  28. Low Attention Impairs Optimal Incorporation of Prior Knowledge in Perceptual Decisions.Jorge Morales, Guillermo Solovey, Brian Maniscalco, Dobromir Rahnev, Floris P. de Lange & Hakwan Lau - 2015 - Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics 77 (6):2021-2036.
    When visual attention is directed away from a stimulus, neural processing is weak and strength and precision of sensory data decreases. From a computational perspective, in such situations observers should give more weight to prior expectations in order to behave optimally during a discrimination task. Here we test a signal detection theoretic model that counter-intuitively predicts subjects will do just the opposite in a discrimination task with two stimuli, one attended and one unattended: when subjects are probed to discriminate the (...)
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  29.  31
    Reason’s Feeling: A Systematic Reconstruction of Kant’s Theory of Moral Respect.Jörg Noller - 2019 - SATS 20 (1):1-18.
    In my paper, I shall take seriously Kant’s puzzling statements about the moral feeling of respect, which is, according to him, “a feeling self-wrought by means of a rational concept and therefore specifically different” from all common feelings. I will focus on the systematic position of the moral feeling of respect within the framework of Kant’s transcendental idealism. By considering its volitional structure, I argue for a compatibilist account of the moral feeling of respect, according to which both intellectualist and (...)
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  30.  69
    Response to Greene: Moral Sentiments and Reason: Friends or Foes?Jorge Moll & Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (8):323-324.
  31.  22
    The Influence of Organizations’ Tax Avoidance Practices on Consumers’ Behavior: The Role of Moral Reasoning Strategies, Political Ideology, and Brand Identification.Jorge Matute, José Luis Sánchez-Torelló & Ramon Palau-Saumell - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):369-386.
    This study adopts moral reasoning strategies to investigate why consumers support companies involved in ethical transgressions. Drawing on several cases of real multinationals publicly involved in tax avoidance practices, it aims to demonstrate that moral rationalization and moral decoupling depend not only on how consumers perceive the magnitude of the transgression, but also on their individual differences, such as political ideology and brand identification. A quantitative study with a sample of 3989 consumers of five different focal brands was employed to (...)
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  32.  22
    Reconciling Ricardo’s Comparative Advantage with Smith’s Productivity Theory.Jorge Morales Meoqui - 2014 - Economic Thought (2):21.
    There are three main claims in the paper: first, there is sufficient evidence for affirming that Ricardo adhered to Smith’s productivity theory; second, Ricardo’s original demonstration of the comparative- advantage proposition is indeed compatible and complementary with respect to the … More ›.
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  33.  17
    A Model Code of Practice for Tissue Banks.Jorge Morales Pedraza & Astrid Lobo Gajiwala - 2012 - International Journal of Ethics 8.
  34. Measuring Away an Attentional Confound?Jorge Morales, Yasha Mouradi, Claire Sergent, Ned Block, Vincent Taschereau-Dumouchel, David Rosenthal, Piercesare Grimaldi & Hakwan Lau - 2017 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 3 (1):1-3.
    A recent fMRI study by Webb et al. (Cortical networks involved in visual awareness independent of visual attention, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2016;113:13923–28) proposes a new method for finding the neural correlates of awareness by matching atten- tion across awareness conditions. The experimental design, however, seems at odds with known features of attention. We highlight logical and methodological points that are critical when trying to disentangle attention and awareness.
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  35.  21
    Moral und Theismus. Eine Replik auf Michael Roth.Jörg Disse - 2019 - Kidoks.
    The article is a response to Michael Roth´s criticism of my contention that to do the good for its own sake absolutely speaking makes only sense within the limits of a commitment to theism.
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  36.  4
    Jorge Alberto Álvarez Díaz, Neuroética: relaciones entre mente/cerebro y moral/ética.José Miguel Hernández Mansilla - 2020 - Dianoia 65 (85):200-206.
    Resumen En este trabajo intentaré comparar dos momentos en la producción teórica de Nancy Fraser: sus análisis contemporáneos del capitalismo como orden institucional y su marco categorial previo, basado en dualismo de redistribución y reconocimiento. Destacaré tres grandes rupturas en su evolución intelectual: en el diagnóstico del presente, en la comprensión del capitalismo como tal y en la propuesta política.In this paper I will try to compare two periods in Nancy Fraser's theoretical evolution: her analysis of contemporary capitalism as an (...)
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  37.  94
    Razonamiento Animal: Negación y Representaciones de Ausencia.Jorge Morales - 2011 - Revista Argentina de Ciencias Del Comportamiento 3 (1):20-33.
    In this paper, I reject that animal reasoning, negation in particular, necessarily involves the representation of absences, as suggested by Bermúdez (2003, 2006, 2007), since this would still work as a logical negation (unavailable for non-linguistic creatures). False belief, pretense, and communication experiments show that non-human animals (at least some primates) have difficulties representing absent entities or properties. I offer an alternative account resorting to the sub-symbolic similarity judgments proposed by Vigo & Allen (2009) and expectations: animal proto-negation takes place (...)
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  38.  6
    El compromiso con la racionalidad en el enfoque pragmadialéctico.Jorge Iván Hoyos Morales - 2018 - Ideas Y Valores 67 (168):199-217.
    El presente artículo aborda el tópico ‘racionalidad’ en la versión estándar del enfoque pragmadialéctico de argumentación, que pretende superar la dicotomía, entre los aspectos normativo y descriptivo, existente en los estudios sobre argumentación. Se señala que la pragmadialéctica asume ciertos postulados popperianos al conceptualizar su noción de racionalidad, y dado que también incluye elementos de filósofos como Searle y Grice, se indaga si las ideas de racionalidad de estos filósofos están presentes en el compromiso con la racionalidad de los pragmadialécticos. (...)
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  39. Derechos Humanos en el contexto juridico: Los enfermos de SIDA bajo el amparo de la ley.Jorge Morales Manzur, Lucrecia Morales Garcia & Juan Carlos Morales Mazur - 1999 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1 (2):261-280.
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  40.  2
    The commitment to rationality in the pragma-dialectical approach.Jorge Iván Hoyos Morales - 2018 - Ideas Y Valores 67 (168):199-217.
    RESUMEN Se aborda el tema de la "racionalidad" en la versión estándar del enfoque pragmadialéctico, que pretende superar la dicotomía entre los aspectos normativo y descriptivo que existe en los estudios sobre argumentación. Se señala que la pragmadialéctica, al conceptualizar su noción de racionalidad, asume explícitamente ciertos postulados popperianos y, dado que aquella también incluye elementos de Searle y Grice, se indaga si las ideas de racionalidad de estos filósofos están presentes implícitamente en el compromiso con la racionalidad. A su (...)
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  41.  6
    Agente Moral Expressivista Em Nietzsche E Avaliação de Juízos Práticos Perfeccionistas.Jorge L. Viesenteiner - 2020 - Cadernos Nietzsche 41 (2):145-189.
    Resumo O objetivo do texto é relacionar a abordagem expressivista do agente moral em Nietzsche com as condições de sucesso de avaliação de juízos práticos perfeccionistas. Como locus da transformação, o agente moral se exprime por meio do potencial transformativo que consegue produzir, e não como entidade por trás das ações. Duas condições podem ser usadas, regulativamente, para avaliar o sucesso de juízos de caráter perfeccionista: por um lado, a maximização de conexões e interrelações no espaço, bem como o endosso (...)
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  42.  19
    Immediate Certainty and the Morally Good: Luther, Kierkegaard and Cognitive Psychology.Jörg Disse - 2020 - In Marius Timmann Mjaaland (ed.), The Reformation of Philosophy. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. pp. 109-118.
    I consider the relationship between the notion of certainty and the notion of a form of life. There are circumstances under which a feeling of certainty may become the ground for adopting a certain form of life. The forms of life I have in mind are those with a formal orientation towards the realization of the (morally) good for its own sake. The article proceeds in three steps: First I consider Luther’s certainty of salvation as a kind of inaugural (theological) (...)
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  43. Greatness-service MC 9, 33-37, 10, 41-45 and significant role regarding the monitoring in section 8, 27-10, 52.Jorge Morales - 1994 - Franciscanum 36 (106-108):9-100.
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  44. The Easter of Jesus Christ as seen through the Psalms.Jorge Morales - 1995 - Franciscanum 37 (109-110):13-58.
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  45.  1
    Moral Pública y Libertad de Expresión.Jorge Carpizo - 2009 - Fundación Para la Libertad de Expresión.
  46.  24
    Ricardo's Numerical Example Versus Ricardian Trade Model: A Comparison of Two Distinct Notions of Comparative Advantage.Jorge Morales Meoqui - 2017 - Economic Thought 6 (1):35.
    The so-called Ricardian trade model of contemporary economic textbooks is not a rational reconstruction of Ricardo's famous numerical example in chapter seven of the Principles. It differs from the latter in terms of the definition of the four numbers, relevant cost comparison, rule for specialisation, assumptions and theoretical implications. Thus, the widespread critique regarding the unrealistic assumptions of the textbook trade model does not apply to Ricardo's original proof of comparative advantage.
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  47.  28
    Reconciling Ricardo's Comparative Advantage with Smith's Productivity Theory.Jorge Morales Meoqui - 2014 - Economic Thought 3 (2):21.
    There are three main claims in the paper: first, there is sufficient evidence for affirming that Ricardo adhered to Smith's productivity theory; second, Ricardo's original demonstration of the comparative- advantage proposition is indeed compatible and complementary with respect to the latter; and third, Ricardo agreed with Smith's multifactorial explanation of the pattern of trade, which includes increasing returns and economies of scale. These results suggest that the level of compatibility between the international trade theories of Smith and Ricardo is significantly (...)
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  48.  17
    The Discovery/Justification Context Dichotomy Within Formal and Computational Models of Scientific Theories: A Weakening of the Distinction Based on the Perspective of Non-Monotonic Logics.Jorge A. Morales & Mauricio Molina Delgado - 2016 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 26 (4):315-335.
    The present paper analyses the topic of scientific discovery and the problem of the existence of a logical framework involved in such endeavour. We inquire how several non-monotonic logic frameworks and other formalisms can account for such a task. In the same vein, we analyse some key aspects of the historical and theoretical debate surrounding scientific discovery, in particular, the context of discovery and context of justification context distinction. We present an argument concerning the weakening of the discovery/justification context dichotomy (...)
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  49.  28
    Descartes as a Moral Thinker: Christianity, Technology, and Nihilism—Gary Steiner. [REVIEW]Jorge Secada - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):113-114.
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  50.  4
    From the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction to Intrinsic Motivation: Mediating Effect of Academic Integration.Jorge Vergara-Morales & Milenko Del Valle - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The studies show a positive and direct relationship between basic psychological needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation of the students. However, there is a lack of studies that analyze the psychological processes that affect these relationships. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of academic integration on the relationship between basic psychological needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation of Chilean university students. The participants were a total of 580 students from a university in northern Chile, (...)
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