Results for 'Jonathan Wolpaw'

989 found
Order:
  1.  36
    Recommendations for Responsible Development and Application of Neurotechnologies.Sara Goering, Eran Klein, Laura Specker Sullivan, Anna Wexler, Blaise Agüera Y. Arcas, Guoqiang Bi, Jose M. Carmena, Joseph J. Fins, Phoebe Friesen, Jack Gallant, Jane E. Huggins, Philipp Kellmeyer, Adam Marblestone, Christine Mitchell, Erik Parens, Michelle Pham, Alan Rubel, Norihiro Sadato, Mina Teicher, David Wasserman, Meredith Whittaker, Jonathan Wolpaw & Rafael Yuste - 2021 - Neuroethics 14 (3):365-386.
    Advancements in novel neurotechnologies, such as brain computer interfaces and neuromodulatory devices such as deep brain stimulators, will have profound implications for society and human rights. While these technologies are improving the diagnosis and treatment of mental and neurological diseases, they can also alter individual agency and estrange those using neurotechnologies from their sense of self, challenging basic notions of what it means to be human. As an international coalition of interdisciplinary scholars and practitioners, we examine these challenges and make (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  2. Knowing the Answer.Jonathan Schaffer - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):383-403.
    How should one understand knowledge-wh ascriptions? That is, how should one understand claims such as ‘‘I know where the car is parked,’’ which feature an interrogative complement? The received view is that knowledge-wh reduces to knowledge that p, where p happens to be the answer to the question Q denoted by the wh-clause. I will argue that knowledge-wh includes the question—to know-wh is to know that p, as the answer to Q. I will then argue that knowledge-that includes a contextually (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   149 citations  
  3. The Epistemology of Disagreement.Jonathan Matheson - 2015 - New York: Palgrave.
    Discovering someone disagrees with you is a common occurrence. The question of epistemic significance of disagreement concerns how discovering that another disagrees with you affects the rationality of your beliefs on that topic. This book examines the answers that have been proposed to this question, and presents and defends its own answer.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  4.  26
    Events and Their Names.Jonathan Bennett - 1988 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In this study of events and their places in our language and thought, Bennett propounds and defends views about what kind of item an event is, how the language of events works, and about how these two themes are interrelated. He argues that most of the supposedly metaphysical literature is really about the semantics of their names, and that the true metaphysic of events--known by Leibniz and rediscovered by Kim--has not been universally accepted because it has been tarred with the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   142 citations  
  5. The refutation of skepticism.Jonathan Vogel - 2013 - In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Blackwell. pp. 72--84.
  6. Truth is Not the Primary Epistemic Goal.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2013 - In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Blackwell. pp. 285-295.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  7. Akratic believing?Jonathan E. Adler - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (1):1 - 27.
    Davidson's account of weakness of will dependsupon a parallel that he draws between practicaland theoretical reasoning. I argue that theparallel generates a misleading picture oftheoretical reasoning. Once the misleadingpicture is corrected, I conclude that theattempt to model akratic belief on Davidson'saccount of akratic action cannot work. Thearguments that deny the possibility of akraticbelief also undermine, more generally, variousattempts to assimilate theoretical to practicalreasoning.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  8.  3
    Spinoza, life and legacy.Jonathan Israel - 2023 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The boldest and most unsettling of the major early modern philosophers, Spinoza, had a much greater, if often concealed, impact on the international intellectual scene and on the early Enlightenment than philosophers, historians, and political theorists have conventionally tended to recognize. Europe-wide efforts to prevent the reading public and university students learning about Spinoza, the man and his work, in the years immediately after his death in 1677, dominated much of his early reception owing to the revolutionary implications of his (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9. Perception and computation.Jonathan Cohen - 2010 - Philosophical Issues 20 (1):96-124.
    Students of perception have long puzzled over a range of cases in which perception seems to tell us distinct, and in some sense conflicting, things about the world. In the cases at issue, the perceptual system is capable of responding to a single stimulus — say, as manifested in the ways in which subjects sort that stimulus — in different ways. This paper is about these puzzling cases, and about how they should be characterized and accounted for within a general (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  10. An introduction to political philosophy.Jonathan Wolff - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The revised edition of this highly successful text provides a clear and accessible introduction to some of the most important questions of political philosophy. Organized around major issues, Wolff provides the structure that beginners need, while also introducing some distinctive ideas of his own.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  11. Epistemic Courage.Jonathan Ichikawa - 2024 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Epistemic Courage is a timely and thought-provoking exploration of the ethics of belief, which shows why epistemology is no mere academic abstraction - the question of what to believe couldn't be more urgent. Jonathan Ichikawa argues that a skeptical, negative bias about belief is connected to a conservative bias that reinforces the status quo.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  21
    Who’s afraid of nutritionism?Jonathan Sholl & David Raubenheimer - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Various scientists and philosophers have heavily criticized what they see as problematic forms of ‘nutritional reductionism’ or ‘nutritionism’ whereby studying food–health interactions at the level of isolated food components produces largely misguided science and misleading interpretations. However, the exact target of these diverse criticisms remains elusive, and its implications are overstated, which may hinder scientific understanding. To better identify the types of flaws supposedly hindering reductionist research, we disentangle three types of reductionist claims to better determine what the debate is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  7
    The philosophy of Anne Conway: God, creation and the nature of time.Jonathan Head - 2020 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    An examination of the philosophy of Anne Conway (1631-1679) and the main aspects of her fascinating work, Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Color.Jonathan Cohen - 2009 - In Sarah Robins, John Francis Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Questions about the ontology of color matter because colors matter. Colors are extremely pervasive and salient features of the world. Moreover, people care about the distribution of these features: they expend money and effort to paint their houses, cars, and other possessions, and their clear preference for polychromatic over monochromatic televisions and computer monitors have consigned monochromatic models to the status of rare antiques. The apparent ubiquity of colors and their importance to our lives makes them a ripe target for (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  15. Rational Imagination and Modal Knowledge.Jonathan Ichikawa & Benjamin Jarvis - 2012 - Noûs 46 (1):127 - 158.
    How do we know what's (metaphysically) possible and impossible? Arguments from Kripke and Putnam suggest that possibility is not merely a matter of (coherent) conceivability/imaginability. For example, we can coherently imagine that Hesperus and Phosphorus are distinct objects even though they are not possibly distinct. Despite this apparent problem, we suggest, nevertheless, that imagination plays an important role in an adequate modal epistemology. When we discover what is possible or what is impossible, we generally exploit important connections between what is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  16. Reasons and Rationality.Jonathan Way - 2018 - In Daniel Star (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    This article gives an overview of some recent debates about the relationship between reasons and rational requirements of coherence - e.g. the requirements to be consistent in our beliefs and intentions, and to intend what we take to be the necessary means to our ends.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  17. ``Propositionalism and the Perspectival Character of Justification".Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2003 - American Philosophical Quarterly 40 (1):3-18.
    The flight from foundationalism in the earlier part of this century left several options in its wake. Distress over the possibility of foundationalist replies to the regress problem, coupled with consternation over the thought of circular reasoning mysteriously becoming acceptable as the circle gets large led to the attraction of holistic theories of a coherentist variety. Yet, such coherentisms seemed to leave the belief system cut off from the world, and perhaps a better idea was to abandon the approach to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  18. Presupposition and Consent.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2020 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 6 (4):1–32.
    I argue that “consent” language presupposes that the contemplated action is or would be at someone else’s behest. When one does something for another reason—for example, when one elects independently to do something, or when one accepts an invitation to do something—it is linguistically inappropriate to describe the actor as “consenting” to it; but it is also inappropriate to describe them as “not consenting” to it. A consequence of this idea is that “consent” is poorly suited to play its canonical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  19.  7
    Going Positive by Going Negative.Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Malden, MA: Wiley. pp. 71–86.
    The larger philosophical world has on the whole turned from a mix of averted gaze and outright antipathy toward x‐phi, to a mix of grudging acceptance and enthusiastic embrace. This chapter explains that the experimental philosophy is relevant, and that it is dangerous, and explains some ways that people can do more to remain both. Experimental philosophy's semi‐official sigil of the burning armchair has advertised its dangerousness for the past decade and a half as well. The chapter explains that it (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20. Armstrong on Probabilistic Laws of Nature.Jonathan D. Jacobs & Robert J. Hartman - 2017 - Philosophical Papers 46 (3):373-387.
    D. M. Armstrong famously claims that deterministic laws of nature are contingent relations between universals and that his account can also be straightforwardly extended to irreducibly probabilistic laws of nature. For the most part, philosophers have neglected to scrutinize Armstrong’s account of probabilistic laws. This is surprising precisely because his own claims about probabilistic laws make it unclear just what he takes them to be. We offer three interpretations of what Armstrong-style probabilistic laws are, and argue that all three interpretations (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21. Disagreement and higher-order evidence.Jonathan Matheson - 2019 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. Routledge.
    This chapter examines the ways in which the debates about the epistemic significance of disagreement are debates about the nature and impact of higher-order evidence.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22. Experimental Philosophy and Causal Attribution.Jonathan Livengood & David Rose - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Malden, MA: Wiley. pp. 434–449.
    Humans often attribute the things that happen to one or another actual cause. In this chapter, we survey some recent philosophical and psychological research on causal attribution. We pay special attention to the relation between graphical causal modeling and theories of causal attribution. We think that the study of causal attribution is one place where formal and experimental techniques nicely complement one another.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  23.  2
    Morality: restoring the common good in divided times.Jonathan Sacks - 2020 - New York: Basic Books.
    In Morality, the distinguished religious leader and philosopher Rabbi Jonathan Sacks diagnoses our troubled times as a period of "cultural climate change." Delivering an insightful critique of our modern condition, and assessing its roots and causes from the ancient Greeks through the Reformation and Enlightenment to the present day, Sacks argues that there is no liberty without morality, and no freedom without responsibility.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy.Jonathan Chimakonam (ed.) - 2022
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Contemporary Language, Logic, and Metaphysics: African and Western Approaches (tentative title).Jonathan O. Chimakonam & Monique Whitaker (eds.) - 2024
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Contemporary Debates in the Philosophy of Mind.Jonathan Cohen & Brian McLaughlin (eds.) - 2023 - Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27. Instilling Virtue.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Alberto Masala & Jonathan Webber (eds.), From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character. Oxford: Oxford University Press UK. pp. 134-154.
    Two debates in contemporary philosophical moral psychology have so far been conducted almost entirely in isolation from one another despite their structural similarity. One is the debate over the importance for virtue ethics of the results of situational manipulation experiments in social psychology. The other is the debate over the ethical implications of experiments that reveal gender and race biases in social cognition. In both cases, the ethical problem posed cannot be identified without first clarifying the cognitive structures underlying the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28. Blackwell Companion to Arthur Danto.Jonathan Gilmore & Lydia Goehr (eds.) - 2022 - Blackwell.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Spinoza's formulation of the radical enlightenment's two foundational concepts: how much did he owe to the Dutch golden age political-theological context?Jonathan Israel - 2019 - In Jack Stetter & Charles Ramond (eds.), Spinoza in Twenty-First-Century American and French Philosophy: Metaphysics, Philosophy of Mind, Moral and Political Philosophy. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
  30.  50
    Democracy and the Epistemic Problems of Political Polarization.Jonathan Benson - forthcoming - American Political Science Review.
    Political polarization is one of the most discussed challenges facing contemporary democracies and is often associated with a broader epistemic crisis. While inspiring a large literature in political science, polarization’s epistemic problems also have significance for normative democratic theory, and this study develops a new approach aimed at understanding them. In contrast to prominent accounts from political psychology—group polarization theory and cultural cognition theory—which argue that polarization leads individuals to form unreliable political beliefs, this study focuses on system-level diversity. It (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Moore's Account of Vindictive Punishment: A Test Case for Theories of Organic Unities.Jonathan Dancy - 2007 - In Susana Nuccetelli & Gary Seay (eds.), Themes From G. E. Moore: New Essays in Epistemology and Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  32. Is There a Distinctively Political Normativity?Jonathan Leader Maynard & Alex Worsnip - 2018 - Ethics 128 (4):756-787.
    A slew of recent political theorists—many taking their cue from the political writings of Bernard Williams—have recently contended that political normativity is its own kind of normativity, distinct from moral normativity. In this article, we first attempt to clarify what this claim amounts to and then reconstruct and interrogate five major arguments for it. We contend that all these arguments are unconvincing and fail to establish a sense in which political normativity is genuinely separate from morality.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  33.  46
    The Complete Works: The Rev. Oxford Translation.Jonathan Barnes (ed.) - 1984 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
    The Oxford Translation of Aristotle was originally published in 12 volumes between 1912 and 1954. It is universally recognized as the standard English version of Aristotle. This revised edition contains the substance of the original Translation, slightly emended in light of recent scholarship three of the original versions have been replaced by new translations and a new and enlarged selection of Fragments has been added. The aim of the translation remains the same: to make the surviving works of Aristotle readily (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   263 citations  
  34. Philosophical challenges and prospects for natural law foundations of human rights.Jonathan Crowe - 2022 - In Tom P. S. Angier, Iain T. Benson & Mark Retter (eds.), The Cambridge handbook of natural law and human rights. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Philosophical challenges and prospects for natural law foundations of human rights.Jonathan Crowe - 2022 - In Tom P. S. Angier, Iain T. Benson & Mark Retter (eds.), The Cambridge handbook of natural law and human rights. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  7
    The wartime sermons of Jonathan Edwards: A collection.Jonathan Edwards - 2022 - Eugene (Ore.): Cascade Books. Edited by Christian Cuthbert.
    Jonathan Edwards is known as one of the most respected thinkers in American history and presided over the Great Awakening, one of the formative colonial events. What many don't realize is Edwards lived during a time of widespread conflict, which eventually touched the people of Northampton personally. Through these collected sermons, many of which are unpublished, Edwards sought to instruct, train, and comfort his congregation during a precarious season in provincial life. These sermons demonstrate the scope of Edwards's greatness: (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Zeng Guofan's military ethics.Jonathan K. L. Chan - 2024 - In Sumner B. Twiss, Bingxiang Luo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.), Warfare ethics in comparative perspective: China and the West. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Comments Section: The Edgy bit.Jonathan Jae-an Crisman - 2021 - In Erin Besler (ed.), Best practices. [Novato, CA]: Applied Research and Design Publishing, an imprint of ORO Editions.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Precision medicine and the resurgence of race in genomic medicine.Jonathan Kahn - 2021 - In I. Glenn Cohen, Nita A. Farahany, Henry T. Greely & Carmel Shachar (eds.), Consumer genetic technologies: ethical and legal considerations. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  40.  29
    On forward and backward counterfactual conditionals.Jonathan Bennett - 2001 - In Gerhard Preyer & Frank Siebelt (eds.), Reality and Humean Supervenience: Essays on the Philosophy of David Lewis. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 177--202.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  41. Philosophy of Psychiatry.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2021 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Jonathan Y. Tsou examines and defends positions on central issues in philosophy of psychiatry. The positions defended assume a naturalistic and realist perspective and are framed against skeptical perspectives on biological psychiatry. Issues addressed include the reality of mental disorders; mechanistic and disease explanations of abnormal behavior; definitions of mental disorder; natural and artificial kinds in psychiatry; biological essentialism and the projectability of psychiatric categories; looping effects and the stability of mental disorders; psychiatric classification; and the validity of the (...)
  42. Frege and psychologism.Jonathan Cohen - 1998 - Philosophical Papers 27 (1):45-67.
  43.  51
    Presentism: Past and Future.Jonathan Tallant & David Ingram - 2023 - In Remy Lestienne & Paul A. Harris (eds.), Time and Science, Volume 1: The Metaphysics of Time and Its Evolution. World Scientific Publishing. pp. 191-209.
    We aim to introduce presentism and to consider the question that presentism is supposed to answer. That is, if “only present objects exist” (or some appropriate precisification of the slogan) is the answer to a philosophical question, then (i) what is the question? And (ii) is it the right question to ask? We suggest that the question presentists are answering is not a good one to ask. We aim to articulate a question that presentists, or the heirs of presentism, should (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Belief's Own Ethics.Jonathan Eric Adler - 2002 - MIT Press.
    In this book Jonathan Adler offers a strengthened version of evidentialism, arguing that the ethics of belief should be rooted in the concept of belief--that...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   332 citations  
  45.  28
    Utilitarian Emotions: Suggestions from Introspection.Jonathan Baron - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):286-286.
    In folk psychology and some academic psychology, utilitarian thinking is associated with coldness and deontological thinking is associated with emotion. I suggest, mostly through personal examples, that these associations are far from perfect. Utilitarians experience emotions, which sometimes derive from, and sometimes cause or reinforce, their moral judgments.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  46.  74
    Liberalism Without Perfection.Jonathan Quong - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Liberalism without Perfection offers an introduction to the debate between liberal perfectionism and political liberalism. This book is a new account and defence of Rawlsian political liberalism, one of the most discussed, but widely misunderstood and criticized theories in contemporary political theory.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   206 citations  
  47. Did the Greeks Have a Concept of Recognition?Jonathan Fine - 2010 - In Thomas Kurana & Matthew Congdon (eds.), The Philosophy of Recognition. Routledge.
  48.  5
    Rationality and intelligence.Jonathan Baron - 1985 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    What is intelligence? Can it be increased by teaching? If so, how, and what difference would an increase make? Before we can answer these questions, we need to clarify them. Jonathan Baron argues that when we do so we find that intelligence has much to do with rational thinking, and that the skills involved in rational thinking are in fact teachable, at least to some extent. Rationality and Intelligence develops and justifies a prescriptive theory of rational thinking in terms (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  74
    Spinoza on error.Jonathan Bennett - 1986 - Philosophical Papers 15 (1):59-73.
  50. Normativity and epistemic intuitions.Jonathan M. Weinberg, Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich - 2001 - Philosophical Topics, 29 (1-2):429-460.
    In this paper we propose to argue for two claims. The first is that a sizeable group of epistemological projects – a group which includes much of what has been done in epistemology in the analytic tradition – would be seriously undermined if one or more of a cluster of empirical hypotheses about epistemic intuitions turns out to be true. The basis for this claim will be set out in Section 2. The second claim is that, while the jury is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   510 citations  
1 — 50 / 989