Results for 'Jonathan F. Colville'

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  1.  6
    Levyns’ Law: Explaining the Evolution of a Remarkable Longitudinal Gradient in Cape Plant Diversity.Richard M. Cowling, Peter L. Bradshaw, Jonathan F. Colville & Félix Forest - 2017 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 72 (2):184-201.
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  2. Causal Superseding.Jonathan F. Kominsky, Jonathan Phillips, Tobias Gerstenberg, David Lagnado & Joshua Knobe - 2015 - Cognition 137:196-209.
    When agents violate norms, they are typically judged to be more of a cause of resulting outcomes. In this paper, we suggest that norm violations also affect the causality attributed to other agents, a phenomenon we refer to as "causal superseding." We propose and test a counterfactual reasoning model of this phenomenon in four experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 provide an initial demonstration of the causal superseding effect and distinguish it from previously studied effects. Experiment 3 shows that this causal (...)
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  3. Beyond Constructivism.Jonathan F. Osborne - 1996 - Science Education 80 (1):53-82.
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  4.  8
    Immoral Professors and Malfunctioning Tools: Counterfactual Relevance Accounts Explain the Effect of Norm Violations on Causal Selection.Jonathan F. Kominsky & Jonathan Phillips - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (11).
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  5.  7
    Retinotopic Adaptation Reveals Distinct Categories of Causal Perception.Jonathan F. Kominsky & Brian J. Scholl - 2020 - Cognition 203:104339.
    We can perceive not only low-level features of events such as color and motion, but also seemingly higher-level properties such as causality. A prototypical example of causal perception is the ”launching effect’: one object moves toward a stationary second object until they are adjacent, at which point A stops and B starts moving in the same direction. Beyond these motions themselves --- and regardless of any higher-level beliefs --- this display induces a vivid visual impression of causality, wherein A is (...)
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  6.  20
    Knowing When Help Is Needed: A Developing Sense of Causal Complexity.Jonathan F. Kominsky, Anna P. Zamm & Frank C. Keil - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (2):491-523.
    Research on the division of cognitive labor has found that adults and children as young as age 5 are able to find appropriate experts for different causal systems. However, little work has explored how children and adults decide when to seek out expert knowledge in the first place. We propose that children and adults rely on “mechanism metadata,” information about mechanism information. We argue that mechanism metadata is relatively consistent across individuals exposed to similar amounts of mechanism information, and it (...)
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  7.  23
    Overestimation of Knowledge About Word Meanings: The “Misplaced Meaning” Effect.Jonathan F. Kominsky & Frank C. Keil - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (8):1604-1633.
    Children and adults may not realize how much they depend on external sources in understanding word meanings. Four experiments investigated the existence and developmental course of a “Misplaced Meaning” effect, wherein children and adults overestimate their knowledge about the meanings of various words by underestimating how much they rely on outside sources to determine precise reference. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that children and adults show a highly consistent MM effect, and that it is stronger in young children. Study 3 (...)
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  8.  11
    Analysis of Double-Slit Interference Experiment at the Atomic Level.Jonathan F. Schonfeld - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 67:20-25.
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  9.  3
    Infants’ Attributions of Insides and Animacy in Causal Interactions.Jonathan F. Kominsky, Yiping Li & Susan Carey - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (1):e13087.
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  10.  46
    Toward a Philosophy of Systems Biology: Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations, Fred C. Boogerd , Frank J. Bruggeman , Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr , and Hans V. Westerhoff , Eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007, (360 Pp; €99.95 Hbk; ISBN 978-0-444-52085-2).Jonathan F. Davies & Maureen A. O'Malley - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (4):420-422.
  11.  11
    The First Droplet in a Cloud Chamber Track.Jonathan F. Schonfeld - 2021 - Foundations of Physics 51 (2):1-18.
    In a cloud chamber, the quantum measurement problem amounts to explaining the first droplet in a charged-particle track; subsequent droplets are explained by Mott’s 1929 wave-theoretic argument about collision-induced wavefunction collimation. I formulate a mechanism for how the first droplet in a cloud chamber track arises, making no reference to quantum measurement axioms. I look specifically at tracks of charged particles emitted in the simplest slow decays, because I can reason about rather than guess the form that wave packets take. (...)
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  12. Editors’ Note.Jonathan F. Vance & Dorotea Gucciardo - 2010 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 30 (3):151-152.
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  13. Multinational Enterprises as Worldwide Interest Groups.Jonathan F. Galloway - 1971 - Politics and Society 2 (1):1-20.
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  14. Introduction to the 50th Anniversary Issue of" Social Research".Jonathan F. Fanton - 1984 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 51 (1/2):3-4.
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  15.  30
    Membership Has Its Privileges? Life, Personhood, and Potential in Discussions About Reproductive Choice.Jonathan F. Will - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):358-362.
    As Professor Dov Fox points out in his essay, reference to “potential life” in American abortion jurisprudence is both indeterminate and underspecified. This commentary highlights that use of the phrase “potential life” by courts also obscures the fact that a position has been taken that biological life is not the equivalent of legal personhood. Worse, the position has been imposed on those who do not share it without offering reasons to justify its imposition in terms that those who oppose it (...)
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  16.  5
    Restricting Reasons: A New Battleground in Abortion Regulation.Jonathan F. Will - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (5):7-8.
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  17.  15
    The Function and Process of Perception.Jonathan F. Doner & Joseph S. Lappin - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):383-384.
  18.  8
    Defining Life and Regulating Reproductive Choice.Jonathan F. Will - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (5):3-4.
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  19.  6
    Dying with Dignity; Living with Laws.Jonathan F. Will - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (3):6-7.
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  20.  84
    Children Use Temporal Cues to Learn Causal Directionality.Benjamin M. Rottman, Jonathan F. Kominsky & Frank C. Keil - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (3):489-513.
    The ability to learn the direction of causal relations is critical for understanding and acting in the world. We investigated how children learn causal directionality in situations in which the states of variables are temporally dependent (i.e., autocorrelated). In Experiment 1, children learned about causal direction by comparing the states of one variable before versus after an intervention on another variable. In Experiment 2, children reliably inferred causal directionality merely from observing how two variables change over time; they interpreted Y (...)
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  21.  10
    Legislating Clear-Statement Regimes in National-Security Law.Jonathan F. Mitchell & GMU Law School Submitter - unknown
    Congress's national-security legislation will often require clear and specific congressional authorization before the executive can undertake certain actions. The War Powers Resolution, for example, prohibits any law from authorizing military hostilities unless it "specifically authorizes" them. And the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 required laws to amend FISA or repeal its "exclusive means" provision before they could authorize warrantless electronic surveillance. But efforts to legislate clear-statement regimes in national-security law have failed to induce compliance. The Clinton Administration inferred congressional (...)
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  22.  14
    Religion, Clinical Misconceptions, and Access to Contraception.Jonathan F. Will - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):40-41.
  23.  30
    The Logics, Meta-Logic and Paradoxes of Nuclear Deterrence.Jonathan F. Galloway - 1987 - Journal of Social Philosophy 18 (2):33-41.
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  24.  5
    The Logics Meta-Logic and Paradoxes of Nuclear Deterrence.Jonathan F. Galloway - 1989 - Social Philosophy Today 2:205-216.
  25.  2
    Human Rights U.S. Foreign Policy: Models and Options.Jonathan F. Galloway - 1985 - Journal of Social Philosophy 16 (1):8-13.
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  26.  73
    Knowledge‐Making Distinctions in Synthetic Biology.Maureen A. O'Malley, Alexander Powell, Jonathan F. Davies & Jane Calvert - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (1):57-65.
  27. Keynote Address a Conference: In the Company of Animals.Stephen Jay Gould, Jonathan F. Fanton, N. New School for Social Research York & Betelgeuse Productions - 1995 - Bëtelgeuse Productions.
  28.  26
    Number of Variables is Equivalent to Space.Neil Immerman, Jonathan F. Buss & David A. Mix Barrington - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (3):1217-1230.
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  29.  26
    Number of Variables is Equivalent to Space.Neil Immerman, Jonathan F. Buss & David A. Mix Barrington - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (3):1217-1230.
    We prove that the set of properties describable by a uniform sequence of first-order sentences using at most k + 1 distinct variables is exactly equal to the set of properties checkable by a Turing machine in DSPACE[n k ] (where n is the size of the universe). This set is also equal to the set of properties describable using an iterative definition for a finite set of relations of arity k. This is a refinement of the theorem PSPACE = (...)
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  30.  6
    Nonspecific Medication Side Effects and the Nocebo Phenomenon.Arthur J. Barsky, Ralph Saintfort, Malcolm P. Rogers & Jonathan F. Borus - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1).
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  31.  26
    The Manhattan Project: A Documentary Introduction to the Atomic Age. Michael B. Stoff, Jonathan F. Fanton, R. Hal Williams. [REVIEW]Robert W. Seidel - 1992 - Isis 83 (2):361-361.
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  32.  1
    Time is of the Essence!: Retired Independent Directors’ Contributions to Board Effectiveness.Pamela Brandes, Ravi Dharwadkar, Jonathan F. Ross & Linna Shi - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-27.
    Institutional investors, policy makers, and researchers have advocated for greater director independence in hopes of improving corporate governance and discouraging unethical behaviors such as corporate frauds, accounting irregularities, and other organizational failures. However, increasing demands upon directors and sitting CEOs, as well as constraints on the number of boards on which they can serve, has resulted in a dramatic increase in the use of retired independent directors. Compared to other directors with full-time job demands, we argue that RIDs have lesser (...)
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  33.  18
    Task Unrelated Thought Whilst Encoding Information.Jonathan M. Smallwood, Simona F. Baracaia, Michelle Lowe & Marc Obonsawin - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):452-484.
    Task unrelated thought (TUT) refers to thought directed away from the current situation, for example a daydream. Three experiments were conducted on healthy participants, with two broad aims. First, to contrast distributed and encapsulated views of cognition by comparing the encoding of categorical and random lists of words (Experiments One and Two). Second, to examine the consequences of experiencing TUT during study on the subsequent retrieval of information (Experiments One, Two, and Three). Experiments One and Two demonstrated lower levels of (...)
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  34.  14
    Children’s Sequential Information Search is Sensitive to Environmental Probabilities.Jonathan D. Nelson, Bojana Divjak, Gudny Gudmundsdottir, Laura F. Martignon & Björn Meder - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):74-80.
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  35. Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
    Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some concepts, methods, and boundaries remain largely undefined. This paper attempts to provide a rough conceptual map of the terrain of public health ethics. We begin by briefly defining public health and identifying general features of the field that are particularly relevant for a discussion of public health ethics.Public health is primarily concerned with (...)
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  36.  10
    A Review of 250 Years of South African Bee Taxonomy and Exploration. [REVIEW]A. Melin & J. F. Colville - 2019 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 74 (1):86-96.
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  37.  53
    Neonatal Viability in the 1990s: Held Hostage by Technology.Jonathan Muraskas, Patricia A. Marshall, Paul Tomich, Thomas F. Myers, John G. Gianopoulos & David C. Thomasma - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (2):160-170.
    The emergence of new obstetrical and neonatal technologies, as well as more aggressive clinical management, has significantly improved the survival of extremely low birth weight infants. This development has heightened concerns about the limits of viability. ELBW infants, weighing less than 1,000 grams and no larger than the palm of one's hand, are often described as of late twentieth century technology. Improved survivability of ELBW infants has provided opportunities for long-term follow-up. Information on their physical and emotional development contributes to (...)
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  38. Jonathan Ree, I See a Voice: A Philosophical History of Language, Deafness and the Senses.F. Murphy - 1999 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 7 (3):426.
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  39. Socrates and the Jury: Paradoxes in Plato's Distinction Between Knowledge and True Belief.M. F. Burnyeat & Jonathan Barnes - 1980 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 54 (1):173 - 206.
  40. Jonathan Edwards: Then and Now: A Satirical Study in Predestination. [REVIEW]E. B. F. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (1):171-171.
    A short biography of Edwards and a polemical defense of some of his main ideas.--F. E. B.
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  41.  31
    Charles F. Howlett, "Troubled Philosopher: John Dewey and the Struggle for World Peace". [REVIEW]Jonathan D. Moreno - 1981 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (1):129.
  42. Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy E. Snow & Franco V. Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. Routledge. pp. 75-90.
    Automaticity is rapid and effortless cognition that operates without conscious awareness or deliberative control. An action is virtuous to the degree that it meets the requirements of the ethical virtues in the circumstances. What contribution does automaticity make to the ethical virtue of an action? How far is the automaticity discussed by virtue ethicists consonant with, or even supported by, the findings of empirical psychology? We argue that the automaticity of virtuous action is automaticity not of skill, but of motivation. (...)
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  43.  10
    Brain Activity During Unilateral Physical and Imagined Isometric Contractions.Jonathan A. Martinez, Matthew W. Wittstein, Stephen F. Folger & Stephen P. Bailey - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  44. Backward Masking in Schizophrenia: Neuropsychological, Electrophysiological, and Functional Neuroimaging Findings.Jonathan K. Wynn & Michael F. Green - 2006 - In Gmen, Haluk; Breitmeyer, Bruno G. (2006). The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. (Pp. 171-184). Cambridge, Ma, Us: Mit Press. Xi, 410 Pp.
  45. Gmen, Haluk; Breitmeyer, Bruno G. (2006). The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. (Pp. 171-184). Cambridge, MA, US: MIT Press. Xi, 410 Pp. [REVIEW]Jonathan K. Wynn & Michael F. Green - 2006
  46.  8
    Spontaneous Neural Activity in the Superior Temporal Gyrus Recapitulates Tuning for Speech Features.Jonathan D. Breshears, Liberty S. Hamilton & Edward F. Chang - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  47.  16
    The Essentially Contested Concept of Globalization.Jonathan R. Strand, Tina F. Mueller & Jessica A. Mcarthur - 2005 - Politics and Ethics Review 1 (1):45-59.
  48.  18
    Editors' Rejoinder to the Debate.F. J. Varela & Jonathan Shear - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):2-3.
    Response to the Commentary on ‘The View from Within’ The numerous commentators to this Special Issue have greatly enhanced its focus and usefulness. We thank them all very sincerely for their efforts. Within the restricted space of this rejoinder we cannot respond in detail to all the issues raised. Instead, we shall concentrate first on some fundamental criticisms.The remaining additions and complementary ideas will only be touched on briefly, merely to see them in perspective. We shall start with our two (...)
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  49.  3
    F. MACINTOSH, J. McCONNELL, S. HARRISON and C. KENWARD (Eds) Epic Performances: From the Middle Ages Into the Twenty-First Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. Xxi + 643. £110. 9780198804215. [REVIEW]Jonathan L. Ready - 2020 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 140:294-295.
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  50.  18
    F REDERICK B URKHARDT, D UNCAN M. P ORTER Et Al. , The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 12: 1864. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pp. Xl+694. ISBN 0-521-59034-5. £55.00 . Volume 13: 1865. With Supplement to the Correspondence 1822–1864. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. Xl+695. ISBN 0-521-82413-3. £65.00 . Volume 14: 1866. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. Xl+655. ISBN 0-521-84459-2. £75.00. [REVIEW]Jonathan Hodge - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2):301-302.
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