Results for 'Jonas Gon��alves Coelho'

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  1.  11
    Coelho, Jonas. "Externalismo social: mente, pensamento e linguagem", Trans/Form/Ação [Universidade Estadual.Juan Diego Morales - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (151):285-288.
    El presente trabajo investiga las tesis sobre el poder civil de Alonso de la Veracruz que buscan incorporar en la comunidad política española a los habitantes autóctonos del Nuevo Mundo, tesis que suelen relacionarse con F. de Vitoria y el tomismo español, y que últimamente son consideradas parte del republicanismo novohispano elaborado desde la periferia americana. Se busca demostrar que su propósito era aplicar una teoría de derechos naturales, sin que ello implique participación política de los indios americanos. Se analiza (...)
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  2.  18
    Filosofia, gênero e feminismo: hangout em ocasião do Dia Mundial da Filosofia da UNESCO 2017.Fabio Alves Gomes Oliveira, Gabriele Cornelli, Maria Cecília de Miranda Nogueira Coelho, Gisele Dalva Secco, Nastassja Pugliese & Renato Matoso Brandão - 2018 - [email protected] - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 17 (2):319-344.
    No mês de Novembro de 2017, em ocasião do Dia Mundial da Filosofia da UNESCO, a Cátedra UNESCO Archai, do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Metafísica da Universidade de Brasilia, organizou um hangout Unesco sobre o tema Filosofia, gênero e feminismo, do qual participaram diversxs colegas brasileirxs, especialistas do tema, acima assinadxs. A gravação integral do hangout está disponível aqui: https://youtu.be/LH5LwTegGG4. Segue abaixo uma transcrição, revista e adaptada pelxs autorxs.
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  3. A Critical Approach to Sensorimotor Contingency Theory: Brain as Agent and Conscious Mind as a Guide of Action.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2019 - Sofia 8 (1):67-80.
    I present and consider critically O'Regan and Noë's sensorimotor contingency theory, proposed as an alternative to solve the explanatory gap problem. I start with the criticism that these authors address the current conception of representation, according to which conscious experiences are representations of the external world produced by the brain. Afterward, I summarize the way the sensorimotor contingency theory addresses the problem of the explanatory gap, explaining the existence, form, and content of visual consciousness in terms of an "exploratory activity" (...)
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  4.  29
    Externalismo social: Mente, pensamento E linguagem.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):167-192.
    Meu objetivo é mostrar que as teses externalistas “os significados não estão na cabeça” e “os pensamentos não estão na cabeça” não implicam, necessariamente, a tese mais radical “a mente não está na cabeça”. Trato dessa questão no âmbito do Externalismo Social de Tyler Burge e Lynne Baker, argumentando que a importância que esses pensadores atribuem à linguagem nas questões relativas à mente não significa, como uma leitura apressada poderia sugerir, a redução da mente à linguagem e, muito menos, a (...)
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  5.  43
    Bergson leitor de lucrécio: as implicações existenciais do determinismo.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (1):129-140.
    Tomamos como objeto de análise a obra precoce de Bergson, os Extraits de Lucrèce, procurando mostrar que ao privilegiar as implicações existenciais negativas do determinismo, prefigura e justifica o fato de dedicar grande parte de seu pensamento filosófico posterior à crítica ao determinismo e à defesa da liberdade.
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  6.  37
    Bergson: intuição e método intuitivo.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 1999 - Trans/Form/Ação 21 (1):151-164.
    Propomo-nos a mostrar que a intuição tal como aparece no pensamento de Bergson é tanto uma faculdade de conhecimento que se opõe à inteligência quanto um método filosófico constituído por procedimentos racionais, os quais a propiciam e enriquecem. Nesse sentido, ambos os aspectos da intuição estão intimamente ligados, sendo cada um imprescindível à compreensão do outro.
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  7. A "pessoa" de Rudder Baker é realmente incorporada?Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2008 - Princípios 15 (23):191-203.
    Alguns filósofos materialistas pensam, contra o dualismo de substância, que uma mente incorporada é apenas uma mente que depende de um corpo para existir, isto é, que a mente náo existe independentemente de um corpo. Tomarei como representativas deste ponto de vista muito limitado sobre incorporaçáo as idéias de Lynne Baker e sua Teoria da Constituiçáo de Propriedades. Baker diz que prefere enfrentar o problema da relaçáo pessoa e corpo em vez da relaçáo mente e corpo porque esta última formulaçáo (...)
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  8. cial: mente, pensamento e linguagem”, Trans/Form/Ação [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Brasil] 35/1 (2012): 167-192. [REVIEW]Jonas Coelho - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (151).
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  9.  37
    Social Externalism: Mind, Thought, and Language.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):167-192.
    My aim is to show that the externalist theses, "meanings are not in the head" and "thoughts are not in the head", do not necessarily imply the more extreme thesis that "the mind is not in the head". I consider this question in terms of the social externalism approach of Tyler Burge and Lynne Baker, arguing that the importance these thinkers attribute to language in questions relative to the mind does not mean either the reduction of the mind to language (...)
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  10.  16
    Bergson: tempo e ação.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2001 - Discurso 32:113-140.
    Propomo-nos a mostrar como a filosofia bergsoniana explica o porquê de a ação humana parecer ora previsível ora imprevisível, peculiaridade da qual decorrem tanto a concepção de que o método das ciências naturais deve ser imitado pelas ciências humanas quanto a idéia de que o método e as explicações das ciências humanas devem ser diferentes dos das ciências naturais. Recorrendo à noção de duração interior e ao modo de inserção da consciência no mundo, Bergson postula que, apesar de, não raro, (...)
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  11.  39
    Bergson: Intuition and Intuitive Method.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 1999 - Trans/Form/Ação 21 (1):151-164.
    Our purpose is to show that intuition, according to Bergson's thought, is both a knowledge faculty that opposes intelligence and a philosophical method constituted by rational procedures which provides and enriches it. In this way, both aspects of intuition are intimately connect and indispensable to the understanding of each other.Propomo-nos a mostrar que a intuição tal como aparece no pensamento de Bergson é tanto uma faculdade de conhecimento que se opõe à inteligência quanto um método filosófico constituído por procedimentos racionais, (...)
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  12.  30
    Bergson Reader of Lucretius: The Existential Implications of Determinism.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (1):129-140.
    We take as object of analysis Bergson's early work, Extraits de Lucrèce, trying to show that by privileging the negative existential implications of determinism, he prefigures and justifies his having dedicated a great deal of his later philosophical thought to a criticism of determinism and a defense of liberty.Tomamos como objeto de análise a obra precoce de Bergson, os Extraits de Lucrèce, procurando mostrar que ao privilegiar as implicações existenciais negativas do determinismo, prefigura e justifica o fato de dedicar grande (...)
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  13.  7
    A Double Face View on Mind-Brain Relationship: The Problem of Mental Causation.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2017 - Trans/Form/Ação 40 (3):197-220.
    : Interpreting results of contemporary neuroscientif studies, I present a non-reductive physicalist account of mind-brain relationship from which the criticism of unintelligibility ascribed to the notion of mental causation is considered. Assuming that a paradigmatic criticism addressed to the notion of mental causation is that presented by Jaegwon Kim’s analysis on the theory of mind-body supervenience, I present his argument arguing that it encompasses a formulation of the problem of mental causation, which leads to difficulties by him pointed. To ask (...)
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  14.  6
    Livre-arbítrio e a relação mente e cérebro em Benjamin Libet.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2014 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 18 (1):153.
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  15.  3
    Brain as Agent and Conscious Mind as Action Guide: From Libet-Style Experiments to Necessary Conditions for Free Will.Jonas Gonçalves Coelho - 2021 - Filosofia Unisinos 22 (1):78-83.
    Many neuroscientific experiments, based on monitoring brain activity, suggest that it is possible to predict the conscious intention/choice/decision of an agent before he himself knows that. Some neuroscientists and philosophers interpret the results of these experiments as showing that free will is an illusion, since it is the brain and not the conscious mind that intends/chooses/decides. Assuming that the methods and results of these experiments are reliable the question is if they really show that free will is an illusion. To (...)
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  16. As limitações das éticas tradicionais e a fundamentação da ética da responsabilidade segundo Hans Jonas.Daniel Alves da Silva Lopes Diniz - 2012 - Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 3 (5):2-14.
    Embora elaborada principalmente na década de 1970 a ética de Hans Jonas permanece atual e é particularmente relevante pelo uso da metafísica em um contexto pós-moderno (algo inusitado e ousado) e por sua teoria dos valores que podem ser atribuídos ao ser e ao não-ser. Pretende-se aqui apresentar as limitações que Jonas detectou nas éticas tradicionais (judaico-cristã, kantiana, por exemplo) e analisar as soluções por ele propostas (notadamente heurística do medo e futurologia comparada). Compreender também a fundamentação de (...)
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  17. Ética, Técnica E Progresso Científico: Uma Análise Do Princípio da Responsabilidade Em Hans Jonas.Marcos Alexandre Alves & Neimir Paulo Mentges - 2017 - Griot : Revista de Filosofia 15 (1):111-127.
    O presente artigo examina a leitura de Hans Jonas sobre o impacto das novas tecnologias nas vidas humana e extra-humana. Destaca, de modo particular, que as novas tecnologias conferiram um poder desmedido ao homem, que não só trazem consequências boas, mas também desastrosas, podendo inclusive acarretar a extinção da vida presente e futura. Ratifica que esse significativo aumento no conhecimento técnico, infelizmente não foi proporcional ao aumento da sabedoria humana. A intenção consiste em apresentar, desde a compreensão de Hans (...)
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  18.  11
    Deveres intergeracionais: como defini-los a partir da filosofia?1.Geraldo Alves Teixeira Júnior & Marijane Vieira Lisboa - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (1):31-60.
    Resumo: Conhecer os deveres que temos em relação às gerações futuras é cada vez mais urgente, diante da degradação individual, social e ambiental que a humanidade enfrenta. O presente artigo pretende mostrar, de início, a complexidade filosófica dessa questão, indicando que, nos enunciados sobre o assunto, há três pressuposições filosoficamente problemáticas: 1) haverá gerações futuras; 2) nossas ações são contingentes; e 3) somos responsáveis por nossos impactos sobre as próximas gerações. Discutimos essas suposições, por meio das questões sobre a eternidade (...)
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  19. Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence.Jonas Olson - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Jonas Olson presents a critical survey of moral error theory, the view that there are no moral facts and so all moral claims are false. Part I explores the historical context of the debate; Part II assesses J. L. Mackie's famous arguments; Part III defends error theory against challenges and considers its implications for our moral thinking.
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  20.  68
    Registro sintético de uma vida: entrevista com Fábio Alves dos Santos (Synthetic record of a life - Interview with Fabio Alves dos Santos).Fábio Alves dos Santos - 2013 - Horizonte 11 (32):1637-1649.
    Fábio Alves dos Santos (1954-2013) cursou Pedagogia, Ciências Sociais e Teologia, era Especialista em Filosofia da Religião (PUC Minas), Advogado (PUC Minas) e Mestre em Direito Constitucional (UFMG). Lecionou na PUC Minas como professor de Cultura Religiosa e depois como professor no Curso de Direito, atuando principalmente no Serviço de Assistência Judiciária – SAJ, especialmente cuidado de causas populares como as da ASMARE (Associação dos Catadores de Papel, Papelão e Material Reaproveitável de Belo Horizonte), da Pastoral de Rua, da Pastoral (...)
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  21.  41
    Hans Jonas: por que a técnica moderna é um objeto para a ética.Hans Jonas - 1999 - Natureza Humana 1 (2):407-420.
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  22.  32
    Hommage À : Serge JONAS.Jacques Guigou & Irène Jonas - 2013 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 65 (1):, [ p.].
  23.  14
    Hommage À : Serge JONAS.Jacques Guigou & Irène Jonas - 2013 - Hermes 65:, [ p.].
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  24. A Particular Consequentialism: Why Moral Particularism and Consequentialism Need Not Conflict: Jonas Olson and Frans Svensson.Jonas Olson - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (2):194-205.
    Moral particularism is commonly presented as an alternative to ‘principle- or rule-based’ approaches to ethics, such as consequentialism or Kantianism. This paper argues that particularists' aversions to consequentialism stem not from a structural feature of consequentialism per se, but from substantial and structural axiological views traditionally associated with consequentialism. Given a particular approach to value, there need be no conflict between moral particularism and consequentialism. We consider and reject a number of challenges holding that there is after all such a (...)
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  25.  12
    Exchange on Hans Jonas’ Essay on Immortality.Rudolf Bultmann & Hans Jonas - 2019 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 40 (2):495-506.
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  26. Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysics Essays in Honor of Hans Jonas on His 75th Birthday.Hans Jonas & Stuart F. Spicker - 1978
  27. Interview with Hans Jonas.Hans Jonas - 2003 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 70 (2).
     
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  28.  51
    Deflationary Realism: Representation and Idealisation in Cognitive Science.Dimitri Coelho Mollo - forthcoming - Mind and Language:1-19.
    Debate on the nature of representation in cognitive systems tends to oscillate between robustly realist views and various anti-realist options. I defend an alternative view, deflationary realism, which sees cognitive representation as an offshoot of the extended application to cognitive systems of an explanatory model whose primary domain is public representation use. This extended application, justified by a common explanatory target, embodies idealisations, partial mismatches between model and reality. By seeing representation as part of an idealised model, deflationary realism avoids (...)
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  29. Why Jonas Olson Cannot Believe the Error Theory Either.Bart Streumer - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (4):419-436.
    Jonas Olson writes that "a plausible moral error theory must be an error theory about all irreducible normativity". I agree. But unlike Olson, I think we cannot believe this error theory. I first argue that Olson should say that reasons for belief are irreducibly normative. I then argue that if reasons for belief are irreducibly normative, we cannot believe an error theory about all irreducible normativity. I then explain why I think Olson's objections to this argument fail. I end (...)
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  30. O Estado da Razão: Da Ideia Hegeliana de Estado Ao Estado Segundo a Ideia Hegeliana: Sobre Os Princípios de Filosofia Do Direito de Hegel.João Lopes Alves - 2004 - Edições Colibri.
  31. The Phenomenon of Life: Toward a Philosophical Biology.Hans Jonas - 1966 - Northwestern University Press.
    A classic of phenomenology and existentialism and arguably Jonas's greatest work, The Phenomenon of Life sets forth a systematic and comprehensive philosophy -- ...
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  32.  10
    C. Alves. Religion and the Secondary School. Pp. 223. . 50s.R. Goldman. Readiness for Religion. Pp. 238. . 18s.I. V. Cully. Christian Worship and Church Education. Pp. 187. . $4.50. [REVIEW]Paul H. Hirst - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):325.
  33.  14
    Preference for Well-Balanced Saliency in Details Cropped From Photographs.Jonas Abeln, Leonie Fresz, Seyed Ali Amirshahi, I. Chris McManus, Michael Koch, Helene Kreysa & Christoph Redies - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34. Identity, Indiscernibility, and Philosophical Claims.Décio Krause & Antonio Mariano Nogueira Coelho - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (2):191-210.
    The concept of indiscernibility in a structure is analysed with the aim of emphasizing that in asserting that two objects are indiscernible, it is useful to consider these objects as members of (the domain of) a structure. A case for this usefulness is presented by examining the consequences of this view to the philosophical discussion on identity and indiscernibility in quantum theory.
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  35. Hans Jonas' Feeble Theodicy: How on Earth Could God Retire?Paul Clavier - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (2):305 - 322.
    In this paper, we criticize Hans Jonas’s analogy between God’s power and the operation of physical forces. We wonder why, if omnipotence had proved to be "a self-contradictory concept", does Jonas still need to invoke the occurrence of horrendous evils to support the view that "God is not all powerful". We suggest that "God’s retreating into himself in order to give room to the world, renouncing his being and divesting himself of his deity" are beautiful but inconsistent metaphors (...)
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  36. Emotion and the New Epistemic Challenge From Cognitive Penetrability.Jona Vance - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (2):257-283.
    Experiences—visual, emotional, or otherwise—play a role in providing us with justification to believe claims about the world. Some accounts of how experiences provide justification emphasize the role of the experiences’ distinctive phenomenology, i.e. ‘what it is like’ to have the experience. Other accounts emphasize the justificatory role to the experiences’ etiology. A number of authors have used cases of cognitively penetrated visual experience to raise an epistemic challenge for theories of perceptual justification that emphasize the justificatory role of phenomenology rather (...)
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  37.  29
    Emotions: An Essay In Aid of Moral Psychology.Monique F. Jonas - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (5):551-553.
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  38.  20
    ERP and MEG Correlates of Visual Consciousness: The Second Decade.Jona Förster, Mika Koivisto & Antti Revonsuo - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 80:102917.
    The first decade of event-related potential (ERP) research had established that the most consistent correlates of the onset of visual consciousness are the early visual awareness negativity (VAN), a posterior negative component in the N2 time range, and the late positivity (LP), an anterior positive component in the P3 time range. Two earlier extensive reviews ten years ago had concluded that VAN is the earliest and most reliable correlate of visual phenomenal consciousness, whereas LP probably reflects later processes associated with (...)
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  39.  78
    Cognitive Penetration and the Tribunal of Experience.Jona Vance - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):641-663.
    Perception purports to help you gain knowledge of the world even if the world is not the way you expected it to be. Perception also purports to be an independent tribunal against which you can test your beliefs. It is natural to think that in order to serve these and other central functions, perceptual representations must not causally depend on your prior beliefs and expectations. In this paper, I clarify and then argue against the natural thought above. All perceptual systems (...)
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  40.  50
    The Ethical Desirability of Moral Bioenhancement: A Review of Reasons. [REVIEW]Jona Specker, Farah Focquaert, Kasper Raus, Sigrid Sterckx & Maartje Schermer - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):67.
    The debate on the ethical aspects of moral bioenhancement focuses on the desirability of using biomedical as opposed to traditional means to achieve moral betterment. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the ethical reasons presented in the literature for and against moral bioenhancement.
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  41. Contingent Objects, Contingent Propositions, and Essentialism.Jonas Werner - forthcoming - Mind.
    Trevor Teitel has recently argued that combining the assumption that modality reduces to essence with the assumption that possibly some objects contingently exist leads to problems if one wishes to uphold that the logic of metaphysical modality is S5. In this paper I will argue that there is a way for the essentialist to evade the problem described by Teitel. The proposed solution crucially involves the assumption that some propositions possibly fail to exist. I will show how this assumption affords (...)
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  42.  91
    Why Go for a Computation-Based Approach to Cognitive Representation.Dimitri Coelho Mollo - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6875-6895.
    An influential view in cognitive science is that computation in cognitive systems is semantic, conceptually depending on representation: to compute is to manipulate representations. I argue that accepting the non-semantic teleomechanistic view of computation lays the ground for a promising alternative strategy, in which computation helps to explain and naturalise representation, rather than the other way around. I show that this computation-based approach to representation presents six decisive advantages over the semantic view. I claim that it can improve the two (...)
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  43.  1
    Recognition and Freedom: Axel Honneth’s Political Thought.Jonas Jakobsen & Odin Lysaker (eds.) - 2015 - Brill.
    Recognition and Freedom offers up-to-date discussions of Axel Honneth’s political thought by ten experts in the field. It also includes an interview with Honneth and an essay by him on education and democracy, previously unpublished in English.
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  44. Infelicitous Cancellation: The Explicit Cancellability Test for Conversational Implicature Revisited.Jonas Åkerman - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (3):1-10.
    This paper questions the adequacy of the explicit cancellability test for conversational implicature as it is commonly understood. The standard way of understanding this test relies on two assumptions: first, that that one can test whether a certain content is conversationally implicated, by checking whether that content is cancellable, and second, that a cancellation is successful only if it results in a felicitous utterance. While I accept the first of these assumptions, I reject the second one. I argue that a (...)
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  45.  73
    A Grounding-Based Measure of Relative Fundamentality.Jonas Werner - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):9721-9737.
    Reality is hierarchically structured, or so proponents of the metaphysical posit of grounding argue. The less fundamental facts obtain in virtue of, or are grounded in, the more fundamental facts. But what exactly is it for one fact to be more fundamental than another? The aim of this paper is to provide a measure of relative fundamentality. I develop and defend an account of the metaphysical hierarchy that assigns to each fact a set of ordinals representing the levels on which (...)
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  46. Noise, Uncertainty, and Interest: Predictive Coding and Cognitive Penetration.Jona Vance & Dustin Stokes - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:86-98.
    This paper concerns how extant theorists of predictive coding conceptualize and explain possible instances of cognitive penetration. §I offers brief clarification of the predictive coding framework and relevant mechanisms, and a brief characterization of cognitive penetration and some challenges that come with defining it. §II develops more precise ways that the predictive coding framework can explain, and of course thereby allow for, genuine top-down causal effects on perceptual experience, of the kind discussed in the context of cognitive penetration. §III develops (...)
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  47. Attitudes Toward Finitude in the Cinema of Federico Fellini: Light on Older Adults.Hélio José Coelho-Junior & Emanuele Marzetti - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
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  48.  58
    Functional Individuation, Mechanistic Implementation: The Proper Way of Seeing the Mechanistic View of Concrete Computation.Dimitri Coelho Mollo - 2017 - Synthese 195 (8):3477-3497.
    I examine a major objection to the mechanistic view of concrete computation, stemming from an apparent tension between the abstract nature of computational explanation and the tenets of the mechanistic framework: while computational explanation is medium-independent, the mechanistic framework insists on the importance of providing some degree of structural detail about the systems target of the explanation. I show that a common reply to the objection, i.e. that mechanistic explanation of computational systems involves only weak structural constraints, is not enough (...)
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  49.  46
    The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value.Jonas Olson - 2004 - Philosophical Review 115 (4):540-542.
  50. A Platonic Theory of Moral Education: Cultivating Virtue in Contemporary Democratic Classrooms.Mark E. Jonas & Yoshiaki Nakazawa - 2020 - Routledge.
    Discussing Plato's views on knowledge, recollection, dialogue, and epiphany, this ambitious volume offers a systematic analysis of the ways that Platonic approaches to education can help students navigate today's increasingly complex moral environment. Though interest in Platonic education may have waned due to a perceived view of Platonic scholarship as wholly impractical, this volume addresses common misunderstandings of Plato's work and highlights the contemporary relevance of Plato's ideas to contemporary moral education. Building on philosophical interpretations, the book argues persuasively that (...)
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