Results for 'Jon Rick'

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  1. Hume's and Smith's Partial Sympathies and Impartial Stances.Jon Rick - 2007 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 5 (2):135-158.
    The moral psychology of sympathy is the linchpin of the sentimentalist moral theories of both David Hume and Adam Smith. In this paper, I attempt to diagnose the critical differences between Hume's and Smith's respective accounts of sympathy in order to argue that Smithian sympathy is more properly suited to serve as a basis for impartial moral evaluations and judgments than is Humean sympathy. By way of arguing this claim, I take up the problem of overcoming sympathetic partiality in the (...)
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  2. Conviction and open-mindedness: a lesson on political revision from Adam Smith.Jon Rick - 2016 - In Emily Crookston, David Killoren & Jonathan Trerise (eds.), Ethics in Politics: The Rights and Obligations of Individual Political Agents. Routledge.
     
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  3. Platonic Eros.Rick Anthony Furtak - 2010 - In Kierkegaard and the Greek World, I: Socrates and Plato, ed. by Jon Stewart and Katalin Nun. pp. 105-114.
    Plato's 'Symposium': Kierkegaard and Platonic Eros.
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  4.  19
    Model-Theoretic Logics.Jon Barwise & Solomon Feferman - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book brings together several directions of work in model theory between the late 1950s and early 1980s.
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  5. The Liar: An Essay on Truth and Circularity.Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1987 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press USA. Edited by John Etchemendy.
    Bringing together powerful new tools from set theory and the philosophy of language, this book proposes a solution to one of the few unresolved paradoxes from antiquity, the Paradox of the Liar. Treating truth as a property of propositions, not sentences, the authors model two distinct conceptions of propositions: one based on the standard notion used by Bertrand Russell, among others, and the other based on J.L. Austin's work on truth. Comparing these two accounts, the authors show that while the (...)
  6.  59
    The Situation in Logic.Jon Barwise - 1988 - Cambridge, England: Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    The present volume collects some of Barwise's papers written since then, those directly concerned with relations among logic, situation theory, and situation semantics. Several papers appear here for the first time.
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  7. Handbook of mathematical logic.Jon Barwise (ed.) - 1977 - New York: North-Holland.
  8. Situations and attitudes.Jon Barwise & John Perry - 2019 - In John Perry (ed.), Studies in language and information. Stanford, California: Center for the Study of Language and Information.
     
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  9. Causal Selection and Egalitarianism.Jon Bebb & Helen Beebee - 2024 - In Shaun Nichols & Joshua Knobe (eds.), Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 5. Oxford University Press.
    The chapter explores whether, or to what extent, recent work in experimental philosophy puts pressure on the idea that the concept of causation is ‘egalitarian’. Causal selection – where experimental subjects tend to rate the causal strength of (for example) a norm-violator more strongly than a non-norm-violator – is a well established phenomenon, and is in prima facie tension with an egalitarian conception of causation; it also, indirectly, puts prima facie pressure on the idea that causation is a worldly phenomenon (...)
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  10.  36
    Lectures on Inductive Logic.Jon Williamson - 2017 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Logic is a field studied mainly by researchers and students of philosophy, mathematics and computing. Inductive logic seeks to determine the extent to which the premises of an argument entail its conclusion, aiming to provide a theory of how one should reason in the face of uncertainty. It has applications to decision making and artificial intelligence, as well as how scientists should reason when not in possession of the full facts. In this work, Jon Williamson embarks on a quest to (...)
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  11. The Situation in Logic.Jon Barwise - 1991 - Studia Logica 50 (1):163-163.
     
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  12. Probabilistic Theories.Jon Williamson - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
     
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  13. Handbook of Mathematical Logic.Jon Barwise - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):306-309.
     
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  14.  63
    Heterogeneous logic.Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
  15. The Liar. An Essay in Truth and Circularity.Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1989 - Mind 98 (391):451-453.
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  16. The Liar, An Essay in Truth and Circularity.Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 179 (1):108-108.
     
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  17. Constraints, Channels and the Flow of Information.Jon Barwise - 1993 - In Peter Aczel, David Israel, Yosuhiro Katagiri & Stanley Peters (eds.), Situation Theory and its Applications Vol. 3. CSLI Publications. pp. 3-27.
  18. Probabilistic theories of causality.Jon Williamson - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Peter Menzies & Christopher Hitchcock (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 185--212.
    This chapter provides an overview of a range of probabilistic theories of causality, including those of Reichenbach, Good and Suppes, and the contemporary causal net approach. It discusses two key problems for probabilistic accounts: counterexamples to these theories and their failure to account for the relationship between causality and mechanisms. It is argued that to overcome the problems, an epistemic theory of causality is required.
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  19.  13
    Hyperproof: For Macintosh.Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1994 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    Hyperproof is a system for learning the principles of analytical reasoning and proof construction, consisting of a text and a Macintosh software program. Unlike traditional treatments of first-order logic, Hyperproof combines graphical and sentential information, presenting a set of logical rules for integrating these different forms of information. This strategy allows students to focus on the information content of proofs, rather than the syntactic structure of sentences. Using Hyperproof the student learns to construct proofs of both consequence and nonconsequence using (...)
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  20.  44
    An introduction to recursively saturated and resplendent models.Jon Barwise & John Schlipf - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (2):531-536.
  21. Why Frequentists and Bayesians Need Each Other.Jon Williamson - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (2):293-318.
    The orthodox view in statistics has it that frequentism and Bayesianism are diametrically opposed—two totally incompatible takes on the problem of statistical inference. This paper argues to the contrary that the two approaches are complementary and need to mesh if probabilistic reasoning is to be carried out correctly.
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  22. Semantic innocence and uncompromising situations.Jon Barwise & John Perry - 2019 - In John Perry (ed.), Studies in language and information. Stanford, California: Center for the Study of Language and Information.
     
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  23.  63
    Probability logic.Jon Williamson - unknown
    Practical reasoning requires decision—making in the face of uncertainty. Xenelda has just left to go to work when she hears a burglar alarm. She doesn’t know whether it is hers but remembers that she left a window slightly open. Should she be worried? Her house may not be being burgled, since the wind or a power cut may have set the burglar alarm off, and even if it isn’t her alarm sounding she might conceivably be being burgled. Thus Xenelda can (...)
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  24.  6
    Harmonising Human Rights in Europe.Rick Lawson - 2005 - In Jennifer Gunning & Søren Holm (eds.), Ethics, Law, and Society. Ashgate. pp. 1--211.
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  25. pt. 1. Setting the scene: human rights and health ethics. Dwelling on the threshold: on the interaction between the European Convention on human rights and the Biomedicine convention.Rick Lawson - 2010 - In André den Exter (ed.), Human rights and biomedicine. Portland: Maklu.
  26. A brief history of time consciousness: Historical precursors to James and Husserl.Holly K. Andersen & Rick Grush - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (2):277-307.
    William James’ Principles of Psychology, in which he made famous the ‘specious present’ doctrine of temporal experience, and Edmund Husserl’s Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins, were giant strides in the philosophical investigation of the temporality of experience. However, an important set of precursors to these works has not been adequately investigated. In this article, we undertake this investigation. Beginning with Reid’s essay ‘Memory’ in Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, we trace out a line of development of ideas about (...)
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  27.  3
    The feasibility and malleability of EBM+.Jon Williamson - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):191-209.
    The EBM+ programme is an attempt to improve the way in which present-day evidence-based medicine (EBM) assesses causal claims: according to EBM+, mechanistic studies should be scrutinised alongside association studies. This paper addresses two worries about EBM+: (i) that it is not feasible in practice, and (ii) that it is too malleable, i.e., its results depend on subjective choices that need to be made in order to implement the procedure. Several responses to these two worries are considered and evaluated. The (...)
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  28.  29
    Simplicity and informativeness in semantic category systems.Jon W. Carr, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2020 - Cognition 202 (C):104289.
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  29. Philosophies of probability: Objective bayesianism and its challenges.Jon Williamson - manuscript
    This chapter presents an overview of the major interpretations of probability followed by an outline of the objective Bayesian interpretation and a discussion of the key challenges it faces. I discuss the ramifications of interpretations of probability and objective Bayesianism for the philosophy of mathematics in general.
     
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  30.  51
    The Cultural Evolution of Structured Languages in an Open‐Ended, Continuous World.W. Carr Jon, Smith Kenny, Cornish Hannah & Kirby Simon - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (4):892-923.
    Language maps signals onto meanings through the use of two distinct types of structure. First, the space of meanings is discretized into categories that are shared by all users of the language. Second, the signals employed by the language are compositional: The meaning of the whole is a function of its parts and the way in which those parts are combined. In three iterated learning experiments using a vast, continuous, open-ended meaning space, we explore the conditions under which both structured (...)
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  31.  41
    Diagrams and the concept of logical system.Jon Barwise & Eric Hammer - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
  32. Against Brain-in-a-Vatism: On the Value of Virtual Reality.Jon Cogburn & Mark Silcox - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (4):561-579.
    The term “virtual reality” was first coined by Antonin Artaud to describe a value-adding characteristic of certain types of theatrical performances. The expression has more recently come to refer to a broad range of incipient digital technologies that many current philosophers regard as a serious threat to human autonomy and well-being. Their concerns, which are formulated most succinctly in “brain in a vat”-type thought experiments and in Robert Nozick's famous “experience machine” argument, reflect a fundamental misunderstanding of the way that (...)
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  33. Safety and the True–True Problem.Jon Cogburn & Jeffrey W. Roland - 2013 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):246-267.
    Standard accounts of semantics for counterfactuals confront the true–true problem: when the antecedent and consequent of a counterfactual are both actually true, the counterfactual is automatically true. This problem presents a challenge to safety-based accounts of knowledge. In this paper, drawing on work by Angelika Kratzer, Alan Penczek, and Duncan Pritchard, we propose a revised understanding of semantics for counterfactuals utilizing machinery from generalized quantifier theory which enables safety theorists to meet the challenge of the true–true problem.
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  34.  10
    Coronavirus, the great toilet paper panic and civilisation.Jon Stratton - 2021 - Thesis Eleven 165 (1):145-168.
    Panic buying of toilet rolls in Australia began in early March 2020. This was related to the realisation that the novel coronavirus was spreading across the country. To the general population the impact of the virus was unknown. Gradually the federal government started closing the country’s borders. The panic buying of toilet rolls was not unique to Australia. It happened across all societies that used toilet paper rather than water to clean after defecation and urination. However, research suggests that the (...)
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  35.  26
    The feasibility and malleability of EBM+.Jon Williamson - 2021 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 36 (2):191-209.
    The EBM+ programme is an attempt to improve the way in which present-day evidence-based medicine (EBM) assesses causal claims: according to EBM+, mechanistic studies should be scrutinised alongside association studies. This paper addresses two worries about EBM+: (i) that it is not feasible in practice, and (ii) that it is too malleable, i.e., its results depend on subjective choices that need to be made in order to implement the procedure. Several responses to these two worries are considered and evaluated. The (...)
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  36.  32
    On Moschovakis closure ordinals.Jon Barwise - 1977 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (2):292-296.
  37.  61
    Applications of strict π11 predicates to infinitary logic.Jon Barwise - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (3):409 - 423.
  38.  30
    Recursive Causality in Bayesian Networks and Self-Fibring Networks.Jon Williamson & D. M. Gabbay - unknown
  39.  60
    Computers, visualization, and the nature of reasoning.Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1998 - In Terrell Ward Bynum & James Moor (eds.), The Digital Phoenix: How Computers Are Changing Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 93--116.
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  40. First-order logic.Jon Barwise - 1977 - In Handbook of mathematical logic. New York: North-Holland.
     
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  41.  38
    Situation Theory and its Applications Vol.Jon Barwise, Jean Mark Gawron, Gordon Plotkin & Syun Tutiya (eds.) - 1991 - CSLI Publications.
    Preface This volume represents the proceedings of the Second Conference on Situation Theory and its Applications, held at Loch Rannoch, Scotland, ...
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  42.  7
    Kierkegaard: A Literary Approach.Jon Stewart - 2003 - In Kierkegaard and His Contemporaries: The Culture of Golden Age Denmark. De Gruyter.
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  43.  8
    Introduction.Jon Stewart - 2003 - In Kierkegaard and His Contemporaries: The Culture of Golden Age Denmark. De Gruyter.
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  44. Unburdening the language of thought.Jon Barwise - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (1):82-96.
  45.  14
    Nothing happens here: Songs about Perth.Jon Stratton & Adam Trainer - 2016 - Thesis Eleven 135 (1):34-50.
    This essay examines Perth as portrayed through the lyrics of popular songs written by people who grew up in the city. These lyrics tend to reproduce the dominant myths about the city: that it is isolated, that it is self-satisfied, that little happens there. Perth became the focus of song lyrics during the late 1970s time of punk with titles such as ‘Arsehole of the Universe’ and ‘Perth Is a Culture Shock’. Even the Eurogliders’ 1984 hit, ‘Heaven Must Be There’, (...)
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  46.  20
    Reconsidering Genetic Antidiscrimination Legislation.Jon Beckwith & Joseph S. Alper - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (3):205-210.
    Until approximately twenty years ago, advances in the study of human genetics had little influence on the practice of medicine. In the 1980s, this changed dramatically with the mapping of the altered genes that cause cystic fibrosis and Huntington disease. In just a few years, these discoveries led to DNA-based tests that enabled clinicians to determine whether prospective parents were carriers of CF or whether an individual carried the Huntington gene and, as a result, would almost certainly develop the disease.Observers (...)
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  47. 'Captivated by life': The life sciences in the heretical tradition of Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty and Ruyer.Jack Alan Reynolds & Jon Roffe - 2023 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy:425-446.
    Although their work in the philosophy of biology is not well known, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Ruyer all offer interesting and heterodox accounts of the life and environmental sciences and the organism in particular. In this chapter, we discuss their respective views, with a focus on their shared criticisms of Neo- Darwinism and the way this tradition grasped the structural coupling between organism and environment. We also outline some significant differences between each of them concerning how to conceive of that holistic (...)
     
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  48.  27
    To describe or prescribe: assumptions underlying a prescriptive nursing process approach to spiritual care.Barbara Pesut & Rick Sawatzky - 2006 - Nursing Inquiry 13 (2):127-134.
    Increasing attention is being paid to spirituality in nursing practice. Much of the literature on spiritual care uses the nursing process to describe this aspect of care. However, the use of the nursing process in the area of spirituality may be problematic, depending upon the understandings of the nature and intent of this process. Is it primarily a descriptive process meant to make visible the nursing actions to provide spiritual support, or is it a prescriptive process meant to guide nursing (...)
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  49.  7
    Deep Learning in a Disorienting World.Jon F. Wergin - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Much has been written about the escalating intolerance of worldviews other than one's own. Reasoned arguments based on facts and data seem to have little impact in our increasingly post-truth culture dominated by social media, fake news, tribalism, and identity politics. Recent advances in the study of human cognition, however, offer insights on how to counter these troubling social trends. In this book, psychologist Jon F. Wergin calls upon recent research in learning theory, social psychology, politics, and the arts to (...)
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  50. Tax Policy and Philanthropy: A Primer on the Empirical Evidence for the United States and Its Implications.Jon Bakija - 2013 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 80 (2):557-584.
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