Results for 'Jon R. Gajewski'

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  1.  71
    Licensing strong NPIs.Jon R. Gajewski - 2011 - Natural Language Semantics 19 (2):109-148.
    This paper proposes that both weak and strong NPIs in English are sensitive to the downward entailingness of their licensers. It is also proposed, however, that these two types of NPIs pay attention to different aspects of the meaning of their environment. As observed by von Fintel and Chierchia, weak NPIs do not attend to the scalar implicatures of presuppositions of their licensers. Strong NPIs see both the truth-conditional and non-truth-conditional (scalar implications, presuppositions) meaning of their licensers. This theory accounts (...)
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  2. Cat in the Hat and Cyber Warfare.Jon R. Lindsay & Michael Poznansky - 2024 - In Montgomery McFate (ed.), Dr. Seuss and the art of war: secret military lessons. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  3.  13
    Target Practice: Counterterrorism and the Amplification of Data Friction.Jon R. Lindsay - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (6):1061-1099.
    The nineteenth-century strategist Carl von Clausewitz describes “fog” and “friction” as fundamental features of war. Military leverage of sophisticated information technology in the twenty-first century has improved some tactical operations but has not lifted the fog of war, in part, because the means for reducing uncertainty create new forms of it. Drawing on active duty experience with an American special operations task force in Western Iraq from 2007 to 2008, this article traces the targeting processes used to “find, fix, and (...)
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  4.  13
    The Norwegian Association for Heredity Research and the Organized International Eugenics Movement. Expertise, Authority, Transnational Networks and International Organization in Norwegian Genetics and Eugenics.Jon Røyne Kyllingstad - 2022 - Perspectives on Science 30 (1):77-107.
    The Norwegian Association for Heredity Research played a key role in the rise of genetics as a research field in Norway. The immediate background of its establishment in 1919 was the need for an organization that could clarify scientific issues regarding eugenics and coordinate Norwegian representation in the organized international eugenics movement. The Association never assumed this role. Instead, Norway was represented in the international eugenics movement by the so-called Norwegian Consultative Eugenics Commission, whose leader, Jon Alfred Mjøen, was dismissed (...)
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  5.  14
    Eugenics and physical anthropology in Hungary and Greece.Jon Røyne Kyllingstad & Ageliki Lefkaditou - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 49:70-74.
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  6.  60
    The End of Modernity: Nihilism and Hermeneutics in Postmodern Culture.Gianni Vattimo & Jon R. Snyder - 1988 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (4):401.
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  7. Sincerity in seventeenth-century Italy.Jon R. Snyder - 2003 - Rinascimento 43:265-286.
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  8. Biosocial goals and human genetics: An impact study of NSF workshops.Margaret L. While, Jon R. Hendrix & Thomas R. Mertens - 1987 - Science Education 71 (2):137-144.
     
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  9. Neg-raising and polarity.Jon Robert Gajewski - 2007 - Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (3):289-328.
    The representation of Neg-Raising in the grammar is a matter of controversy. I provide evidence for representing Neg-Raising as a kind of presupposition associated with certain predicates by providing a detailed analysis of NPI-licensing in Neg-Raising contexts. Specific features of presupposition projection are used to explain the licensing of strict NPIs under Neg-Raising predicates. Discussion centers around the analysis of a licensing asymmetry noted in Horn (1971, Negative transportation: Unsafe at any speed? In CLS 7 (pp. 120–133)).Having provided this analysis, (...)
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  10.  41
    NPI any and connected exceptive phrases.Jon Gajewski - 2008 - Natural Language Semantics 16 (1):69-110.
    This paper addresses two puzzles in the semantics of connected exceptive phrases (EP): (i) the compatibility of EPs modifying noun phrases headed by the negative polarity item (NPI) determiner any and (ii) the ability of a negative universal quantifier modified by an EP to license strong NPIs. Previous analyses of EPs are shown to fail to solve these puzzles. A new unified solution to the two puzzles is proposed. The crucial insight of the analysis is to allow von Fintel’s (Natural (...)
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  11. Connected exceptives and NPI any.Jon Gajewski - forthcoming - Natural Language Semantics.
     
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  12.  41
    Turning Potential Flexibility Into Flexible Performance: Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy and Use of Flexible Cognition.Ru-De Liu, Jia Wang, Jon R. Star, Rui Zhen, Rong-Huan Jiang & Xin-Chen Fu - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:354424.
    This study examined the relationship between two types of mathematical flexibility – potential flexibility, which indicates individuals’ knowledge of multiple strategies and strategy efficiency, and practical flexibility, which refers to individuals’ flexible performances when solving math problems. Both types of flexibility were assessed in the domain of linear equation solving. Furthermore, two types of beliefs – self-efficacy and use of flexible cognition – were investigated as potential moderators between potential and practical flexibility. 121 8th grade students from China took part (...)
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  13.  50
    Professional Organizations and Healthcare Industry Support: Ethical Conflict?Thomas K. Hazlet, Sean D. Sullivan, Klaus M. Leisinger, Laura Gardner, William E. Fassett & Jon R. May - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (2):236.
    A good deal of attention has been recently focused on the presumed advertising excesses of the healthcare industry in its promotion techniques to healthcare professionals, whether through offering gratuities such as gifts, honoraria, or travel support2-6 or through deception. Two basic concerns have been expressed: Does the acceptance of gratuities bias the recipient, tainting his or her responsibilities as the patient's agent? Does acceptance of the gratuity by the healthcare professional contribute to the high cost of healthcare products? The California (...)
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  14. In defense of the grammatical approach to local implicatures.Yael Sharvit & Jon Gajewski - 2012 - Natural Language Semantics 20 (1):31-57.
    The existence of “local implicatures” has been the topic of much recent debate. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to this debate by asking what we can learn from three puzzles, namely, the cancellation of such implicatures by or both, their behavior in the complement clauses of negative factive verbs such as sorry, and their behavior in root and embedded questions. Two basic approaches to local implicatures have been advanced: a fully pragmatic account in which local implicatures result (...)
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  15. On the calculation of local implicatures.Yael Sharvit & Jon Gajewski - manuscript
    Some propositional attitude verbs, such as certain, have local implicatures (Chierchia 2004, 2006), sometimes in addition to global ones. The local implicature of (1a) is given in (1b), and its global implicature is given in (1c). (1b) entails (1c).
     
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  16. Plural superlatives and distributivity.Yael Sharvit, Natalia Fitzgibbons & Jon Gajewski - unknown
    In this paper we propose a unified semantics for singular and plural superlative expressions that makes use of the ‘**’ (“double star”) distributivity operator (an operator whose role is to pluralize 2-place predicates). The analysis aims to solve two problems: (a) the distributivity problem (the fact that a superlative expression doesn’t distribute over the atomic parts of the plural individual it is predicated of); and (b) the cut-off problem (the fact that a plural superlative expression cannot simultaneously be predicated of (...)
     
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  17. A Natural History of Negation.Jon Barwise & Laurence R. Horn - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1103.
  18.  30
    Distributional structure in language: Contributions to noun–verb difficulty differences in infant word recognition.Jon A. Willits, Mark S. Seidenberg & Jenny R. Saffran - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):429-436.
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  19. Anthropological theory: an introductory history.R. Jon McGee - 2003 - Boston: McGraw-Hill. Edited by Richard L. Warms.
    A comprehensive and accessible survey of the history of theory in anthropology, this anthology of classic and contemporary readings contains in-depth commentary in introductions and notes to help guide students through excerpts of seminal anthropological works. The commentary provides the background information needed to understand each article, its central concepts, and its relationship to the social and historical context in which it was written.
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  20.  28
    The Pursuit of Word Meanings.Jon Scott Stevens, Lila R. Gleitman, John C. Trueswell & Charles Yang - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S4):638-676.
    We evaluate here the performance of four models of cross-situational word learning: two global models, which extract and retain multiple referential alternatives from each word occurrence; and two local models, which extract just a single referent from each occurrence. One of these local models, dubbed Pursuit, uses an associative learning mechanism to estimate word-referent probability but pursues and tests the best referent-meaning at any given time. Pursuit is found to perform as well as global models under many conditions extracted from (...)
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  21.  17
    Examining Public Trust in Categorical versus Comprehensive Triage Criteria.Jon Rueda, Ivar R. Hannikainen, Joaquín Hortal-Carmona & David Rodriguez-Arias - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):106-109.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 106-109.
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  22.  13
    Owning Medical Professionalism.Jon C. Tilburt & Richard R. Sharp - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):1-2.
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  23.  14
    Pilot Study: Does the White Coat Influence Research Participation?Jon F. Merz, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Pamela Sankar & Emma A. Meagher - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 24 (4):6.
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  24.  27
    Turing's World 3.0. An Introduction to Computability Theory.S. L. R., Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):276.
  25.  13
    Προεπιλογή πυθαγόρα, το «πείραμα» με τα σφυριά, ελικών.Jon Solomon, T. J. Mathiesen, R. P. Winnington-Ingram, A. Barker, W. S. Hett, H. S. Macran, L. Rowell, L. Pearson, C. B. Gulick & C. Bower - 1986 - American Journal of Philology 107 (4):455-479.
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  26.  34
    Mechanisms in clinical practice: use and justification.Mark R. Tonelli & Jon Williamson - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):115-124.
    While the importance of mechanisms in determining causality in medicine is currently the subject of active debate, the role of mechanistic reasoning in clinical practice has received far less attention. In this paper we look at this question in the context of the treatment of a particular individual, and argue that evidence of mechanisms is indeed key to various aspects of clinical practice, including assessing population-level research reports, diagnostic as well as therapeutic decision making, and the assessment of treatment effects. (...)
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  27.  26
    Howard: paternity and Pandora's box.Jon Weil & Charles R. MacKay - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (2):229-237.
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  28.  39
    Discovering the Sequential Structure of Thought.John R. Anderson & Jon M. Fincham - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):322-352.
    Multi-voxel pattern recognition techniques combined with Hidden Markov models can be used to discover the mental states that people go through in performing a task. The combined method identifies both the mental states and how their durations vary with experimental conditions. We apply this method to a task where participants solve novel mathematical problems. We identify four states in the solution of these problems: Encoding, Planning, Solving, and Respond. The method allows us to interpret what participants are doing on individual (...)
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  29.  10
    Publishing Research With Undergraduate Students via Replication Work: The Collaborative Replications and Education Project.Jordan R. Wagge, Mark J. Brandt, Ljiljana B. Lazarevic, Nicole Legate, Cody Christopherson, Brady Wiggins & Jon E. Grahe - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  30.  12
    Using fMRI to Test Models of Complex Cognition.John R. Anderson, Cameron S. Carter, Jon M. Fincham, Yulin Qin, Susan M. Ravizza & Miriam Rosenberg-Lee - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (8):1323-1348.
    This article investigates the potential of fMRI to test assumptions about different components in models of complex cognitive tasks. If the components of a model can be associated with specific brain regions, one can make predictions for the temporal course of the BOLD response in these regions. An event‐locked procedure is described for dealing with temporal variability and bringing model runs and individual data trials into alignment. Statistical methods for testing the model are described that deal with the scan‐to‐scan correlations (...)
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  31.  14
    Language and Rules.J. R. Cameron & Jon Wheatley - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (86):78.
  32.  1
    Experimentally manipulated anger activates implicit cognitions about social hierarchy.Harrison M. Miller, Connor R. Hasty & Jon K. Maner - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion.
    A correlational pilot study (N = 143) and an integrative data analysis of two experiments (total N = 377) provide evidence linking anger to the psychology of social hierarchy. The experiments demonstrate that the experience of anger increases the psychological accessibility of implicit cognitions related to social hierarchy: compared to participants in a control condition, participants in an anger-priming condition completed word stems with significantly more hierarchy-related words. We found little support for sex differences in the effect of anger on (...)
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  33.  35
    Normality and the Treatment-Enhancement Distinction.Daniel Martín, Jon Rueda, Brian D. Earp & Ivar R. Hannikainen - 2023 - Neuroethics 16 (2):1-14.
    There is little debate regarding the acceptability of providing medical care to restore physical or mental health that has deteriorated below what is considered typical due to disease or disorder (i.e., providing “treatment”—for example, administering psychostimulant medication to sustain attention in the case of attention deficit disorder). When asked whether a healthy individual may undergo the same intervention for the purpose of enhancing their capacities (i.e., “enhancement”—for example, use of a psychostimulant as a “study drug”), people often express greater hesitation. (...)
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  34.  38
    A Pilot Survey on the Licensing of DNA Inventions.Michelle R. Henry, Mildred K. Cho, Meredith A. Weaver & Jon F. Merz - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):442-449.
    Intellectual property in biotechnology invention provides important incentives for research and development leading to advances in genetic tests and treatments. However, there have been numerous concerns raised regarding the negative effect patents on gene sequences and their practical applications may have on clinical research and the availability of new medical tests and procedures. One concern is that licensing policies attempting to capture for the benefit of the licensor valuable rights to downstream research results and products may increase the financial risks (...)
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  35.  11
    A Pilot Survey on the Licensing of DNA Inventions.Michelle R. Henry, Mildred K. Cho, Meredith A. Weaver & Jon F. Merz - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):442-449.
    Intellectual property in biotechnology invention provides important incentives for research and development leading to advances in genetic tests and treatments. However, there have been numerous concerns raised regarding the negative effect patents on gene sequences and their practical applications may have on clinical research and the availability of new medical tests and procedures. One concern is that licensing policies attempting to capture for the benefit of the licensor valuable rights to downstream research results and products may increase the financial risks (...)
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  36.  2
    Filosofi i vår tid.Jon Hellesnes - 1965 - Oslo,: Pax. Edited by Knut Erik Tranøy.
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  37.  27
    Rational and Assisted Suicidal Communication on the Internet: A Case Example and Discussion of Ethical and Practice Issues.James R. Rogers, James L. Werth & Jon Richard - 2000 - Ethics and Behavior 10 (3):215-238.
    The development of ethical and practice guidelines related to mental health service on the Internet has lagged behind the movement of practitioners into this area. Even for clinicians who are not offering services on the Web, the Internet has led to confusion and concern about proper roles and responsibilities. This article discusses an actual experience we had with a self-described rationally suicidal man with multiple sclerosis. After presenting some background on MS, we report initial interactions with the man verbatim and (...)
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  38.  2
    Medieval Philosophy of Religion.G. R. Evans, John Marenbon, Dermot Moran, Syed Nomanul Haq, Jon McGinnis, Jon Mcginnis & Thomas Williams - 2013 - Acumen Publishing.
    Volume 2 covers one of the richest eras for the philosophical study of religion. Covering the period from the 6th century to the Renaissance, this volume shows how Christian, Islamic and Jewish thinkers explicated and defended their religious faith in light of the philosophical traditions they inherited from the ancient Greeks and Romans. The enterprise of 'faith seeking understanding', as it was dubbed by the medievals themselves, emerges as a vibrant encounter between - and a complex synthesis of - the (...)
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  39. De evige spørsmål--og vår tids svar.Jon Elster - 1969 - Oslo,: Pax.
    Om Russell, Husserl, Wittgenstein, Sartre, Lévi-Strauss.
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  40.  31
    An Organizational Field Approach to Corporate Rationality: The Role of Stakeholder Activism.Lenahan L. O’Connell, Carroll U. Stephens, Michael Betz, Jon M. Shepard & Jamie R. Hendry - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):93-111.
    Abstract:This paper contends that rationality is more properly evaluated as a property of an organization’s relationships with its stakeholders than of the organization itself. We predicate our approach on the observation that stakeholders can hold goals quite distinct from those of owners and top managers, and these too can be rationally pursued. We build upon stakeholder theory and Weber’s classic distinction betweenwertrationalitatandzweckrationalitat, adding to them the “new institutionalist” concept of the organization field (1983, 1991). Stakeholders employ a variety of direct (...)
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  41.  3
    Analyzing ethics questions from behavior analysts: a student workbook.Jon S. Bailey - 2019 - New York, NY: Routledge. Edited by Mary R. Burch.
    Supplementing the best-selling textbook, Analyzing Ethics Questions from Behavior Analysts, this book analyzes over 50 original and up-to-date ethics cases recently faced by behavior analysts. The workbook provides "solutions" to each question written by the most expert professionals in the field using the Behavior Analyst Certification Board® Ethics Code. Covering all ten sections of the code and designed to allow the reader to see the original question, respond given their knowledge of the Code, and then compare their answers with the (...)
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  42. W obronie internalizmu. Searle versus Putnam.Krzysztof Gajewski - 2008 - Filozofia Nauki 3.
    The article concerns the problem of reference in general, and the controversy internalism - externalism in particular. The author presents and discusses John R. Searle's criticism of Hilary Putnam's famous arguments for causal theory of reference: the elms-beech example and the Twin Earth example. Instead of external theory of reference Searle proposes his own intentional theory of reference. According to that theory the reference of a name is determined by intentional content of that name. The name is used properly only (...)
     
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  43.  11
    Shared worlds and shared minds: A theory of collective learning and a psychology of common knowledge.Garriy Shteynberg, Jacob B. Hirsh, R. Alexander Bentley & Jon Garthoff - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (5):918-931.
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  44.  25
    Deconstructing Subtle Racist Imagery in Television Ads.Haseeb A. Shabbir, Michael R. Hyman, Jon Reast & Dayananda Palihawadana - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (3):421-436.
    Although ads with subtle racist imagery can reinforce negative stereotypes, advertisers can eliminate this problem. After a brief overview of predominantly U.S.-based research on the racial mix of models/actors in ads, a theoretical framework for unmasking subtle racial bias is provided and dimensional qualitative research is introduced as a method for identifying and rectifying such ad imagery. Results of a DQR-based study of 622 U.K. television ads with at least one Black actor indicate subtle racially biased imagery now supersedes overt (...)
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  45.  46
    New books. [REVIEW]A. M. MacIver, R. Harré, Jon Wheatley, D. O. Thomas, M. Deutscher, David Pole, R. S. Downie, R. D. Bradley & M. Kneale - 1962 - Mind 71 (282):271-287.
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  46.  48
    Teaching America: The Case for Civic Education.David J. Feith, Seth Andrew, Charles F. Bahmueller, Mark Bauerlein, John M. Bridgeland, Bruce Cole, Alan M. Dershowitz, Mike Feinberg, Senator Bob Graham, Chris Hand, Frederick M. Hess, Eugene Hickok, Michael Kazin, Senator Jon Kyl, Jay P. Lefkowitz, Peter Levine, Harry Lewis, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Secretary Rod Paige, Charles N. Quigley, Admiral Mike Ratliff, Glenn Harlan Reynolds, Jason Ross, Andrew J. Rotherham, John R. Thelin & Juan Williams - 2011 - R&L Education.
    This book taps the best American thinkers to answer the essential American question: How do we sustain our experiment in government of, by, and for the people? Authored by an extraordinary and politically diverse roster of public officials, scholars, and educators, these chapters describe our nation's civic education problem, assess its causes, offer an agenda for reform, and explain the high stakes at risk if we fail.
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  47.  12
    Adaptive Computerized Working Memory Training in Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment. A Randomized Double-Blind Active Controlled Trial.Marianne M. Flak, Haakon R. Hol, Susanne S. Hernes, Linda Chang, Andreas Engvig, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Are Pripp, Bengt-Ove Madsen, Anne-Brita Knapskog, Ingun Ulstein, Trine Lona, Jon Skranes & Gro C. C. Løhaugen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  48.  40
    Duplications of the neuropeptide receptor gene VIPR2 confer significant risk for schizophrenia.Vladimir Vacic, Shane McCarthy, Dheeraj Malhotra, Fiona Murray, Hsun-Hua Chou, Aine Peoples, Vladimir Makarov, Seungtai Yoon, Abhishek Bhandari, Roser Corominas, Lilia M. Iakoucheva, Olga Krastoshevsky, Verena Krause, Verónica Larach-Walters, David K. Welsh, David Craig, John R. Kelsoe, Elliot S. Gershon, Suzanne M. Leal, Marie Dell Aquila, Derek W. Morris, Michael Gill, Aiden Corvin, Paul A. Insel, Jon McClellan, Mary-Claire King, Maria Karayiorgou, Deborah L. Levy, Lynn E. DeLisi & Jonathan Sebat - unknown
    Rare copy number variants have a prominent role in the aetiology of schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Substantial risk for schizophrenia is conferred by large CNVs at several loci, including microdeletions at 1q21.1, 3q29, 15q13.3 and 22q11.2 and microduplication at 16p11.2. However, these CNVs collectively account for a small fraction of cases, and the relevant genes and neurobiological mechanisms are not well understood. Here we performed a large two-stage genome-wide scan of rare CNVs and report the significant association of copy (...)
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  49. Letters to the Editor.Peg Brand, Myles Brand, G. E. M. Anscombe, Donald Davidson, John M. Dolan, Peter T. Geach, Thomas Nagel, Barry R. Gross, Nebojsa Kujundzic, Jon K. Mills, Richard J. McGowan, Jennifer Uleman, John D. Musselman, James S. Stramel & Parker English - 1995 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 69 (2):119 - 131.
    Co-authored letter to the APA to take a lead role in the recognition of teaching in the classroom, based on the participation in an interdisciplinary Conference on the Role of Advocacy in the Classroom back in 1995. At the time of this writing, the late Myles Brand was the President of Indiana University and a member of the IU Department of Philosophy.
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  50.  10
    Visual, Verbal and Everyday Memory 2 Years After Bariatric Surgery: Poorer Memory Performance at 1-Year Follow-Up.Gro Walø-Syversen, Ingela L. Kvalem, Jon Kristinsson, Inger L. Eribe, Øyvind Rø, Cathrine Brunborg & Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Severe obesity has been associated with reduced performance on tests of verbal memory in bariatric surgery candidates. There is also some evidence that bariatric surgery leads to improved verbal memory, yet these findings need further elucidation. Little is known regarding postoperative memory changes in the visual domain and how patients subjectively experience their everyday memory after surgery. The aim of the current study was to repeat and extend prior findings on postoperative memory by investigating visual, verbal, and self-reported everyday memory (...)
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