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John-Stewart Gordon
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
  1. What do we owe to intelligent robots?John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):209-223.
    Great technological advances in such areas as computer science, artificial intelligence, and robotics have brought the advent of artificially intelligent robots within our reach within the next century. Against this background, the interdisciplinary field of machine ethics is concerned with the vital issue of making robots “ethical” and examining the moral status of autonomous robots that are capable of moral reasoning and decision-making. The existence of such robots will deeply reshape our socio-political life. This paper focuses on whether such highly (...)
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  2.  94
    Artificial moral and legal personhood.John-Stewart Gordon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    This paper considers the hotly debated issue of whether one should grant moral and legal personhood to intelligent robots once they have achieved a certain standard of sophistication based on such criteria as rationality, autonomy, and social relations. The starting point for the analysis is the European Parliament’s resolution on Civil Law Rules on Robotics and its recommendation that robots be granted legal status and electronic personhood. The resolution is discussed against the background of the so-called Robotics Open Letter, which (...)
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  3.  99
    Moral Status and Intelligent Robots.John-Stewart Gordon & David J. Gunkel - 2021 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (1):88-117.
    The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Volume 60, Issue 1, Page 88-117, March 2022.
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  4.  49
    Building Moral Robots: Ethical Pitfalls and Challenges.John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):141-157.
    This paper examines the ethical pitfalls and challenges that non-ethicists, such as researchers and programmers in the fields of computer science, artificial intelligence and robotics, face when building moral machines. Whether ethics is “computable” depends on how programmers understand ethics in the first place and on the adequacy of their understanding of the ethical problems and methodological challenges in these fields. Researchers and programmers face at least two types of problems due to their general lack of ethical knowledge or expertise. (...)
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  5.  46
    AI and law: ethical, legal, and socio-political implications.John-Stewart Gordon - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (2):403-404.
  6.  8
    The African Relational Account of Social Robots: a Step Back?John-Stewart Gordon - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-6.
  7. Applying the four-principle approach.John-Stewart Gordon, Oliver Rauprich & Jochen Vollmann - 2009 - Bioethics 25 (6):293-300.
    The four-principle approach to biomedical ethics is used worldwide by practitioners and researchers alike but it is rather unclear what exactly people do when they apply this approach. Ranking, specification, and balancing vary greatly among different people regarding a particular case. Thus, a sound and coherent applicability of principlism seems somewhat mysterious. What are principlists doing? The article examines the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the applicability of this approach. The most important result is that a sound and comprehensible application (...)
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  8.  13
    Smart Technologies and Fundamental Rights.John-Stewart Gordon (ed.) - 2020 - Brill | Rodopi.
    The present volume, _Smart Technologies and Fundamental Rights_, contains fourteen outstanding and challenging articles concerning fundamental rights and Artificial Intelligence at the intersection of law, ethics and smart technologies.
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  9.  66
    Are superintelligent robots entitled to human rights?John-Stewart Gordon - 2022 - Ratio 35 (3):181-193.
  10.  82
    Moral Philosophers Are Moral Experts! A Reply to David Archard.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - Bioethics 28 (4):203-206.
    In his article ‘Why Moral Philosophers Are Not and Should Not Be Moral Experts’ David Archard attempts to show that his argument from common-sense morality is more convincing than other competing arguments in the debate. I examine his main line of argumentation and eventually refute his main argument in my reply.
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  11. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.John-Stewart Gordon, and & Sven Nyholm - 2021 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence This article provides a comprehensive overview of the main ethical issues related to the impact of Artificial Intelligence on human society. AI is the use of machines to do things that would normally require human intelligence. In many areas of human life, AI has rapidly and significantly affected human society … Continue reading Ethics of Artificial Intelligence →.
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  12.  6
    Human Rights and Disability: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.John-Stewart Gordon & Johann-Christian Põder - 2016 - Routledge.
    The formerly established medically-based idea of disability, with its charity-based approach to treatment and services, is being replaced by a human rights-based approach in which people with impairments are no longer considered medical problems, totally dependent on the beneficence of non-impaired people in society, but have fundamental rights to support, inclusion, and participation. This interdisciplinary book examines the diverse concerns that people with impairments face in the context of human rights, provides insights into new developments on important issues relating human (...)
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  13.  45
    Indignity and Old Age.John-Stewart Gordon - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (4):223-232.
    This article examines the nature of human dignity against the background of old age and introduces the novel idea of treating human dignity as a formal principle related to the more foundational notion of indignity. The discussion starts with the objection that the notion of human dignity can be used to justify contrary positions and is therefore inconclusive. This pitfall can be averted by appealing to the notion of indignity rather than dignity in one's moral reasoning and decision‐making. Cases of (...)
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  14.  74
    Global ethics and principlism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (3):251-276.
    In his landmark article “How Medicine Saved the Life of Ethics” (1982), Stephen Toulmin persuasively argues that (serious) problems cannot be solved by mere rationalistic approaches in ethics and that ethics was eventually saved by dint of having to deal with vital questions and concrete problems in medicine. Whether one is a proponent of, for example, principlism or casuistry, one certainly has to admit that a convincing ethical theory or method must have practical application. Analogously, it is about time to (...)
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  15.  40
    Kantianism and the Problem of Child Sex Robots.John-Stewart Gordon & Sven Nyholm - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (1):132-147.
    Journal of Applied Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  16.  91
    Human Rights in Bioethics–Theoretical and Applied.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):283 - 294.
  17.  1
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Theories and Methods, Implementation, Evaluation.John-Stewart Gordon & Jan Schildmann - 2010 - Routledge.
    This volume brings together a group of researchers from different European countries and disciplines who are involved in Clinical Ethics Consultation. The work provides a discussion on the theories and methods underlying CEC and on the issues of implementation and evaluation.
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  18.  29
    The ethics of ageing.John-Stewart Gordon - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (4):222-222.
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  19.  32
    Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society.John-Stewart Gordon, Michael Boylan, Robert Paul Churchill, James A. Donahue, Marcus Duwell, Dale Jacquette, Tanja Kohen, Christopher Lowry, Seumas Miller, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Johann-Christian Poder, Edward H. Spence, Udo Schuklenk, Wanda Teays & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2009 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    The essays in this book engage the original and controversial claims from Michael Boylan's A Just Society. Each essay discusses Boylan's claims from a particular chapter and offers a critical analysis of these claims. Boylan responds to the essays in his lengthy and philosophically rich reply.
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  20.  20
    Moral expertise revisited.John-Stewart Gordon - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (6):533-542.
    In recent years, there has been a lively (bio-)ethical debate on the nature of moral expertise and the concept of moral experts. However, there is currently no common ground concerning most issues. Against this background, this paper has two main goals. First, in more general terms, it examines some of the problems concerning moral expertise and experts, with a special focus on moral advice and testimony. Second, it applies the results in the context of medical ethics, especially in the clinical (...)
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  21. Moral egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - manuscript
     
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  22.  7
    Aristoteles über Gerechtigkeit: das V. Buch der Nikomachischen Ethik.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Freiburg: Alber.
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  23. Moral egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  24.  12
    Poverty, human rights, and just distribution.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy & Ethics. Dordrecht. pp. 131--141.
  25. Introduction to Part II: Human rights.John-Stewart Gordon - 2014 - In Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.), Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. Rowman & Littlefield.
  26.  8
    Moral expertise in (bio‐)ethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (6):513-514.
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  27.  6
    Hans Jonas-Handbuch: Leben – Werk – Wirkung.Michael Bongardt, Holger Burckhart, John-Stewart Gordon & Jürgen Nielsen-Sikora (eds.) - 2021 - J.B. Metzler.
    Hans Jonas ist einer der bedeutenden Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Das Handbuch erklärt die philosophischen, theologischen und naturwissenschaftlichen Kontexte, die sein Denken geprägt haben. Es präsentiert neben Informationen zur Biographie und den zeitgenössischen Bezügen alle wichtigen Werke und gibt Hinweise zu deren internationaler Rezeption in vielen Disziplinen. Zentrale Begriffe und Konzepte im Gesamtwerk von Hans Jonas werden ausführlich erklärt. Das internationale Autorenteam der über 50 Expertinnen und Experten aus fast 20 Ländern zeigt nicht nur das bis heute weltweite Interesse am (...)
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  28.  3
    Medical Ethics, Prediction, and Prognosis: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Mariacarla Gadebusch Bondio, John-Stewart Gordon & Francesco Sporing (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    Recent scientific developments, in particular advances in pharmacogenetics and molecular genetics, have given rise to numerous predictive procedures for detecting predispositions to diseases in patients. This knowledge, however, does not necessarily promise benign results for either patients or health care professionals. The aim of this volume is to analyse issues related to prediction and prognosis as a burgeoning field of medicine, which is revolutionizing the way we understand and approach diagnosis and treatment. Combining epistemic and ethical reflection with medical expertise (...)
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  29. Abortion.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  30.  3
    Aristoteles über Gerechtigkeit: das V. Buch der Nikomachischen Ethik.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Freiburg: Alber.
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  31.  4
    Artificial Intelligence and Business Ethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2023 - In Deborah C. Poff & Alex C. Michalos (eds.), Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 134-138.
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  32. Bioethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  33.  3
    Ethik als Methode.John-Stewart Gordon - 2019 - München: Verlag Karl Alber.
    Die Vorstellung, dass sich alle ethischen Probleme mit nur einem Moralprinzip auflosen lassen, kann niemals der Komplexitat der moralischen Wirklichkeit gerecht werden. Dieses Buch stellt sich damit gegen einen erheblichen Teil der ethischen Tradition. Es ist leitende Uberzeugung, dass die traditionellen ethischen Theorien zwar jeweils einen Teilaspekt der moralischen Wirklichkeit richtig herausarbeiten - in der Anwendung jedoch falschlicherweise geglaubt wird, dass die Theorie grundsatzlich das Ganze der moralischen Wirklichkeit abdecke. Die Komplexitat eines schwierigen moralischen Problems kann nur mittels einer pluralistischen (...)
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  34.  2
    Future Law, Ethics, and Smart Technologies: The Future of Legal Education.John-Stewart Gordon (ed.) - 2023 - BRILL.
    The edited volume _Future Law, Ethics, and Smart Technologies_ is a comprehensive interdisciplinary textbook for students, particularly law students, who want to become familiar with the complex issues at the intersection of law, ethics, and smart technologies.
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  35.  6
    Global Ethics and Moral Responsibility: Hans Jonas and His Critics.John-Stewart Gordon & Holger Burckhart - 2014 - Routledge.
    The philosophy of Hans Jonas was widely influential in the late twentieth century, warning of the potential dangers of technological progress and its negative effect on humanity and nature. Jonas advocated greater moral responsibility and taking this as a starting point, leading international scholars and experts on his work suggest original and promising solutions to current ethical issues within the context of his philosophy. The book considers the vital intersection between law and global ethics and covers issues related to technology (...)
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  36. Human dignity, human rights, and global bioethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2014 - In Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.), Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  37.  22
    Human Rights and Cultural Identity.John-Stewart Gordon - 2015 - Baltic Journal of Law and Politics 8 (2):112-135.
    Universal human rights and particular cultural identities, which are relativistic by nature, seem to stand in conflict with each other. It is commonly suggested that the relativistic natures of cultural identities undermine universal human rights and that human rights might compromise particular cultural identities in a globalised world. This article examines this supposed clash and suggests that it is possible to frame a human rights approach in such a way that it becomes the starting point and constraining framework for all (...)
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  38. Hedonistic utilitarianism and the argument of the experience machine.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 13 (1):25-36.
     
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  39. Introduction.John-Stewart Gordon & Tanja Kohnen - 2009 - In Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society. Lexington Books.
     
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  40.  21
    Introduction.John-Stewart Gordon & Jerome Bickenbach - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):752-753.
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  41.  16
    Introduction.John-Stewart Gordon & Jerome Bickenbach - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):752-753.
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  42.  16
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
    The widespread view — proclaimed by proponents of disability studies, some disability federations, and many disabled people — that there is a human right to inclusive education, was eventually substantiated by international law with the UN Disability Convention in 2006. One of the most discussed issues in disability studies concerns the CRPD; the contributions are legion. Surprisingly, there are hardly any substantial contributions that pay particular attention to the important question of whether inclusive education is a moral human right, and, (...)
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  43.  33
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
    In this article, I question the general idea that inclusive education — i.e., to teach all students in one class — is a moral human right. The following discussion shows that the widespread view in disability studies that there is a moral human right to inclusive education can be reasonably called into question by virtue of the proposed counter arguments, but without denying that inclusive education is of utmost importance. Practically speaking, the legal human right to inclusive education is of (...)
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  44. Introduction to Part I: Theoretical perspectives.John-Stewart Gordon - 2014 - In Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.), Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  45.  1
    Moralische Orientierung: Eine kurze Philosophie des guten Lebens.John-Stewart Gordon - 2021 - Verlag Karl Alber.
    Das vorliegende Buch ist nicht nur ein anspruchsvoller philosophischer Ratgeber mit Blick auf das gute Leben in Zeiten der Orientierungslosigkeit, sondern eine Hommage an die Philosophie und die Relevanz des philosophischen Denkens für unser alltägliches Leben. Der antike Philosoph Sokrates hat einmal gesagt, dass ein Leben, das nicht hinterfragt wird, nicht lebenswert sei. Damit meint er, dass man seine eigenen Handlungen und die ethisch-moralische Ausrichtung seines Lebens bzw. seiner eigenen Lebensweise stets kritisch hinterfragen muss. Was soll ich tun? Wie kann (...)
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  46. On justice.John-Stewart Gordon - 2009 - In Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society. Lexington Books.
  47. On justifying human rights.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), The Morality and Global Justice Reader. Westview Press. pp. 27--49.
  48.  1
    Poverty, Human Rights, and just Distribution.John-Stewart Gordon - 2023 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy and Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 147-157.
    PovertyPoverty is a serious threat for human beings and their well-beingWell-being. People are simply unable to live a good life when they are faced with severe problems, e.g., bad education, poor housing, poor sanitationSanitation, poor hygiene, or malnourishment. However, one of the most urgent problems with regard to poverty is badHealth/ healthcare, right toaccess access to primary health careGlobal healthcare and the allocation of health care resources for millions of people around the world. These people are deprived of human flourishing, (...)
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  49.  48
    Russell blackford and Udo Schüklenk (eds.), 50 voices of disbelief. Why we are atheists.John-Stewart Gordon - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (4):477-482.
  50.  20
    Russell Blackford and Udo Schüklenk , 50 Voices of Disbelief. Why We Are Atheists: Wiley-Blackwell: Malden MA/oxford/west Sussex, 2009, pp. 346. ISBN-10: 1405190469. £16.99 , £55.John-Stewart Gordon - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (4):477-482.
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