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John-Stewart Gordon
Vytautas Magnus University
  1. What do we owe to intelligent robots?John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):209-223.
    Great technological advances in such areas as computer science, artificial intelligence, and robotics have brought the advent of artificially intelligent robots within our reach within the next century. Against this background, the interdisciplinary field of machine ethics is concerned with the vital issue of making robots “ethical” and examining the moral status of autonomous robots that are capable of moral reasoning and decision-making. The existence of such robots will deeply reshape our socio-political life. This paper focuses on whether such highly (...)
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  2.  42
    Artificial moral and legal personhood.John-Stewart Gordon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    This paper considers the hotly debated issue of whether one should grant moral and legal personhood to intelligent robots once they have achieved a certain standard of sophistication based on such criteria as rationality, autonomy, and social relations. The starting point for the analysis is the European Parliament’s resolution on Civil Law Rules on Robotics and its recommendation that robots be granted legal status and electronic personhood. The resolution is discussed against the background of the so-called Robotics Open Letter, which (...)
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  3.  38
    Building Moral Robots: Ethical Pitfalls and Challenges.John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):141-157.
    This paper examines the ethical pitfalls and challenges that non-ethicists, such as researchers and programmers in the fields of computer science, artificial intelligence and robotics, face when building moral machines. Whether ethics is “computable” depends on how programmers understand ethics in the first place and on the adequacy of their understanding of the ethical problems and methodological challenges in these fields. Researchers and programmers face at least two types of problems due to their general lack of ethical knowledge or expertise. (...)
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  4.  74
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.John-Stewart Gordon, and & Sven Nyholm - 2021 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence This article provides a comprehensive overview of the main ethical issues related to the impact of Artificial Intelligence on human society. AI is the use of machines to do things that would normally require human intelligence. In many areas of human life, AI has rapidly and significantly affected human society … Continue reading Ethics of Artificial Intelligence →.
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  5.  21
    Kantianism and the Problem of Child Sex Robots.John-Stewart Gordon & Sven Nyholm - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (1):132-147.
    Journal of Applied Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  6. Applying the Four-Principle Approach.John-Stewart Gordon, Oliver Rauprich & Jochen Vollmann - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (6):293-300.
    The four-principle approach to biomedical ethics is used worldwide by practitioners and researchers alike but it is rather unclear what exactly people do when they apply this approach. Ranking, specification, and balancing vary greatly among different people regarding a particular case. Thus, a sound and coherent applicability of principlism seems somewhat mysterious. What are principlists doing? The article examines the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the applicability of this approach. The most important result is that a sound and comprehensible application (...)
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  7.  26
    AI and law: ethical, legal, and socio-political implications.John-Stewart Gordon - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (2):403-404.
  8.  7
    Smart Technologies and Fundamental Rights.John-Stewart Gordon (ed.) - 2020 - Brill | Rodopi.
    The present volume, _Smart Technologies and Fundamental Rights_, contains fourteen outstanding and challenging articles concerning fundamental rights and Artificial Intelligence at the intersection of law, ethics and smart technologies.
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  9.  72
    Moral Philosophers Are Moral Experts! A Reply to David Archard.John-Stewart Gordon - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):203-206.
    In his article ‘Why Moral Philosophers Are Not and Should Not Be Moral Experts’ David Archard attempts to show that his argument from common-sense morality is more convincing than other competing arguments in the debate. I examine his main line of argumentation and eventually refute his main argument in my reply.
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  10. Human Rights and Disability: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.John-Stewart Gordon & Johann-Christian Põder - 2016 - Routledge.
    The formerly established medically-based idea of disability, with its charity-based approach to treatment and services, is being replaced by a human rights-based approach in which people with impairments are no longer considered medical problems, totally dependent on the beneficence of non-impaired people in society, but have fundamental rights to support, inclusion, and participation. This interdisciplinary book examines the diverse concerns that people with impairments face in the context of human rights, provides insights into new developments on important issues relating human (...)
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  11.  83
    Human Rights in Bioethics–Theoretical and Applied.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):283 - 294.
  12.  59
    Global Ethics and Principlism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (3):251-276.
    In his landmark article “How Medicine Saved the Life of Ethics” (1982), Stephen Toulmin persuasively argues that (serious) problems cannot be solved by mere rationalistic approaches in ethics and that ethics was eventually saved by dint of having to deal with vital questions and concrete problems in medicine. Whether one is a proponent of, for example, principlism or casuistry, one certainly has to admit that a convincing ethical theory or method must have practical application. Analogously, it is about time to (...)
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  13.  12
    Moral Status and Intelligent Robots.John-Stewart Gordon & David J. Gunkel - 2022 - Wiley: The Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (1):88-117.
    The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Volume 60, Issue 1, Page 88-117, March 2022.
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  14.  22
    Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's 'a Just Society'.John-Stewart Gordon, Michael Boylan, Robert Paul Churchill, James A. Donahue, Marcus Duwell, Dale Jacquette, Tanja Kohen, Christopher Lowry, Seumas Miller, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Johann-Christian Poder, Edward H. Spence, Udo Schuklenk, Wanda Teays & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    The essays in this book engage the original and controversial claims from Michael Boylan's A Just Society. Each essay discusses Boylan's claims from a particular chapter and offers a critical analysis of these claims. Boylan responds to the essays in his lengthy and philosophically rich reply.
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  15.  2
    Aristoteles Über Gerechtigkeit: Das V. Buch der Nikomachischen Ethik.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Alber.
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  16. Moral Egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  17. Moral Egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - manuscript
     
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  18.  10
    Poverty, Human Rights, and Just Distribution.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy & Ethics. Dordrecht. pp. 131--141.
  19. On Justifying Human Rights.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), The Morality and Global Justice Reader. Westview Press. pp. 27--49.
  20.  13
    Review of Artificial Intelligence: Reflections in Philosophy, Theology and the Social Sciences by Benedikt P. Göcke and Astrid Rosenthal-von der Pütten. [REVIEW]John-Stewart Gordon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-5.
  21. Hedonistic Utilitarianism and the Argument of the Experience Machine.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 13 (1):25-36.
     
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  22.  46
    International Conference: Justice in Modern Health Care. Perspectives for the 21st Century, Hosted by the BMBF-Junior Research Group “Justice in Modern Medicine”: 28–30 March 2011 Bochum, Germany.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):251-253.
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  23.  1
    Hans Jonas-Handbuch: Leben – Werk – Wirkung.Michael Bongardt, Holger Burckhart, John-Stewart Gordon & Jürgen Nielsen-Sikora (eds.) - 2021 - J.B. Metzler.
    Hans Jonas ist einer der bedeutenden Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Das Handbuch erklärt die philosophischen, theologischen und naturwissenschaftlichen Kontexte, die sein Denken geprägt haben. Es präsentiert neben Informationen zur Biographie und den zeitgenössischen Bezügen alle wichtigen Werke und gibt Hinweise zu deren internationaler Rezeption in vielen Disziplinen. Zentrale Begriffe und Konzepte im Gesamtwerk von Hans Jonas werden ausführlich erklärt. Das internationale Autorenteam der über 50 Expertinnen und Experten aus fast 20 Ländern zeigt nicht nur das bis heute weltweite Interesse am (...)
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  24. Medical Ethics, Prediction, and Prognosis: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Mariacarla Gadebusch Bondio, John-Stewart Gordon & Francesco Sporing (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Recent scientific developments, in particular advances in pharmacogenetics and molecular genetics, have given rise to numerous predictive procedures for detecting predispositions to diseases in patients. This knowledge, however, does not necessarily promise benign results for either patients or health care professionals. The aim of this volume is to analyse issues related to prediction and prognosis as a burgeoning field of medicine, which is revolutionizing the way we understand and approach diagnosis and treatment. Combining epistemic and ethical reflection with medical expertise (...)
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  25. Aristoteles Über Gerechtigkeit: Das V.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Alber.
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  26. Clinical Ethics Consultation: Theories and Methods, Implementation, Evaluation.John-Stewart Gordon & Jan Schildmann - 2010 - Routledge.
    This volume brings together a group of researchers from different European countries and disciplines who are involved in Clinical Ethics Consultation. The work provides a discussion on the theories and methods underlying CEC and on the issues of implementation and evaluation.
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  27. Global Ethics and Moral Responsibility: Hans Jonas and His Critics.John-Stewart Gordon & Holger Burckhart - 2014 - Routledge.
    The philosophy of Hans Jonas was widely influential in the late twentieth century, warning of the potential dangers of technological progress and its negative effect on humanity and nature. Jonas advocated greater moral responsibility and taking this as a starting point, leading international scholars and experts on his work suggest original and promising solutions to current ethical issues within the context of his philosophy. The book considers the vital intersection between law and global ethics and covers issues related to technology (...)
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  28. Introduction.John-Stewart Gordon & Tanja Kohnen - 2009 - In Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society. Lexington Books.
     
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  29. Moral, Rationalität und Gelungenes Leben. [REVIEW]John-Stewart Gordon - 2005 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 59 (4).
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  30. On Justice.John-Stewart Gordon - 2009 - In Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society. Lexington Books.
  31. Robert Paul Churchill.John-Stewart Gordon & Julie E. Kirsch - 2011 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), The Morality and Global Justice Reader. Westview Press. pp. 1.
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  32. Should Moral Enhancement Be Compulsory?John-Stewart Gordon - 2016 - Ethical Perspectives 23 (2):277-305.
    Some authors fear that humanity is on the verge of its own extinction and must either change its behaviour or inevitably cause its own demise. This situation has spawned a vigorous (bio)ethical debate in recent years concerning whether one should enhance human beings cognitively or morally in order to promote moral action and reduce harm. This article defends making moral bioenhancement compulsory to avoid grossly immoral actions and the global extinction of humanity, if it is available, safe and easy to (...)
     
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  33.  5
    Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues.Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.) - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    Editors Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon, and Alison Dundes Renteln have assembled the works of an interdisciplinary, international team of experts in bioethics into a comprehensive, innovative and accessible book. Topics covered range from torture and lethal injection to euthanasia, sex selection, vulnerable human subjects, to health equity, safety and public health, and environmental disasters like Bhopal, Fukushima, and more.
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  34. Bioethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  35.  16
    Human Rights and Cultural Identity.John-Stewart Gordon - 2015 - Baltic Journal of Law and Politics 8 (2):112-135.
    Universal human rights and particular cultural identities, which are relativistic by nature, seem to stand in conflict with each other. It is commonly suggested that the relativistic natures of cultural identities undermine universal human rights and that human rights might compromise particular cultural identities in a globalised world. This article examines this supposed clash and suggests that it is possible to frame a human rights approach in such a way that it becomes the starting point and constraining framework for all (...)
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  36. Abortion.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  37.  30
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
    In this article, I question the general idea that inclusive education — i.e., to teach all students in one class — is a moral human right. The following discussion shows that the widespread view in disability studies that there is a moral human right to inclusive education can be reasonably called into question by virtue of the proposed counter arguments, but without denying that inclusive education is of utmost importance. Practically speaking, the legal human right to inclusive education is of (...)
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  38.  46
    Russell Blackford and Udo Schüklenk (Eds.), 50 Voices of Disbelief. Why We Are Atheists.John-Stewart Gordon - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (4):477-482.
  39.  19
    Russell Blackford and Udo Schüklenk , 50 Voices of Disbelief. Why We Are Atheists: Wiley-Blackwell: Malden MA/Oxford/West Sussex, 2009, Pp. 346. ISBN-10: 1405190469. £16.99 , £55.John-Stewart Gordon - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (4):477-482.
  40.  10
    Remarks on Disability Rights Legislation.John-Stewart Gordon & Felice Tavera-Salyutov - 2018 - Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. An International Journal 37 (5):506-526.
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  41.  17
    Introduction.John-Stewart Gordon & Jerome Bickenbach - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):752-753.
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  42.  8
    Russell Blackford and Udo Schüklenk , 50 Voices of Disbelief. Why We Are Atheists: Wiley-Blackwell: Malden MA/Oxford/West Sussex 2009, Pp. 346. ISBN-10: 1405190469. £16.99 , £55.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (2):271-276.
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  43. Willensfreiheit.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 12 (1):59-74.
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  44.  14
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
    The widespread view — proclaimed by proponents of disability studies, some disability federations, and many disabled people — that there is a human right to inclusive education, was eventually substantiated by international law with the UN Disability Convention in 2006. One of the most discussed issues in disability studies concerns the CRPD; the contributions are legion. Surprisingly, there are hardly any substantial contributions that pay particular attention to the important question of whether inclusive education is a moral human right, and, (...)
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  45.  13
    Introduction.John-Stewart Gordon & Jerome Bickenbach - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):752-753.
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