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John H. Zammito [56]John Zammito [24]
  1.  9
    The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling.John H. Zammito - 2017 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    This book explores how and when biology emerged as a science in Germany. Beginning with the debate about organism between Georg Ernst Stahl and Gottfried Leibniz at the start of the eighteenth century, John Zammito traces the development of a new research program, culminating in 1800, in the formulation of developmental morphology. He shows how over the course of the century, naturalists undertook to transform some domains of natural history into a distinct branch of natural philosophy, which attempted not only (...)
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  2.  43
    Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology.John H. Zammito - 2002 - University of Chicago Press.
    Most scholars think not. But in this pioneering book, John H. Zammito challenges that view by revealing a precritical Kant who was immensely more influential than the one philosophers think they know.
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  3.  46
    The genesis of Kant's critique of judgment.John H. Zammito - 1992 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In this philosophically sophisticated and historically significant work, John H. Zammito reconstructs Kant's composition of The Critique of Judgment and reveals that it underwent three major transformations before publication. He shows that Kant not only made his "cognitive" turn, expanding the project from a "Critique of Taste" to a Critique of Judgment but he also made an "ethical" turn. This "ethical" turn was provoked by controversies in German philosophical and religious culture, in particular the writings of Johann Herder and the (...)
  4.  78
    A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-Positivism in the Study of Science From Quine to Latour.John H. Zammito - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    Includes bibliographical references and index. isbn 0-226-97861-3 (alk. paper) — isbn 0-226-97862-1 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Science — Philosophy. 2. Science — History. 3. Progress. I. Title. Q175 .Z25 2004 501 — dc2i 200301 1970 ...
  5. The genesis of Kant's « Critique of Judgment».John H. ZAMMITO - 1992 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 182 (4):639-639.
     
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  6.  86
    The Lenoir thesis revisited: Blumenbach and Kant.John H. Zammito - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):120-132.
  7.  93
    ‘This inscrutable principle of an original organization’: epigenesis and ‘looseness of fit’ in Kant’s philosophy of science.John H. Zammito - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):73-109.
    Kant’s philosophy of science takes on sharp contour in terms of his interaction with the practicing life scientists of his day, particularly Johann Blumenbach and the latter’s student, Christoph Girtanner, who in 1796 attempted to synthesize the ideas of Kant and Blumenbach. Indeed, Kant’s engagement with the life sciences played a far more substantial role in his transcendental philosophy than has been recognized hitherto. The theory of epigenesis, especially in light of Kant’s famous analogy in the first Critique, posed crucial (...)
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  8. Teleology then and now: The question of Kant's relevance for contemporary controversies over function in biology.John Zammito - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (4):748-770.
    Kant -- drawing on his eighteenth-century predecessors -- provided a discerning and powerful characterization of what biologists had to explain in organic form. His difference from the rest is that he opined that was impossible to explain it. Its ’inscrutability’ was intrinsic. The third ’Critique’ essentially proposed the reduction of biology to a kind of prescientific descriptivism, doomed never to attain authentic scientificity. By contrast, for Locke, and ’a fortiori’ for Buffon and his followers, ’intrinsic purposiveness’ was a fact of (...)
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  9.  82
    Teleology then and now: The question of Kant’s relevance for contemporary controversies over function in biology.John Zammito - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (4):748-770.
  10.  60
    The Lenoir thesis revisited: Blumenbach and Kant.John H. Zammito - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):120-132.
  11. Kant's early views on epigenesis : The role of maupertuis.John Zammito - 2006 - In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  12.  24
    Johann Gottfried Herder Revisited: The Revolution in Scholarship in the Last Quarter Century.John H. Zammito, Karl Menges & Ernest A. Menze - 2010 - Journal of the History of Ideas 71 (4):661-684.
    A veritable tidal shift in Herder scholarship has taken place over the last quarter century, primarily but not exclusively in German. This review essay seeks to evoke the richness and vitality of this revival with the hope of persuading American academics that some ill-founded opinions still circulating concerning Herder's "irrationalism" and chauvinistic, even racist nationalism, and his philosophical naivety and literary effrontery, might at last be put to rest. The recent revival has brough sharply to the fore two crucial aspects (...)
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  13.  43
    Ankersmit and historical representation.John Zammito - 2005 - History and Theory 44 (2):155–181.
    In Historical Representation Frank Ankersmit seeks a juste milieu between postmodern theory and historical practice. But he still insists that the meaning of a historical representation “is not found, but made in and by [the] text.” Thus “there will be nothing, outside the text itself, that can govern or check [the conceptualization].” Accordingly, “a representation itself cannot be interpreted as one large description. I would not hesitate to say that this—and nothing else—is the central problem in the philosophy of history.” (...)
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  14.  12
    The New Politics of Materialism: History, Philosophy, Science.Sarah Ellenzweig & John H. Zammito (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    New materialism challenges conventional theories of understanding human being and subjectivity, which it regards as shaped by mechanistic models characteristic of early modern philosophy that regarded matter as largely passive. Instead it gives weight to topics often overlooked in such accounts: the body, the role of affect and the emotions, gender, temporality, agency and vitalism. This collection, which includes an international roster of contributors from philosophy, history, literature and science, is the first to ask what is 'new' about the new (...)
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  15.  53
    History/philosophy/science: Some lessons for philosophy of history.John H. Zammito - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (3):390-413.
    ABSTRACTRheinberger's brief history brings into sharp profile the importance of history of science for a philosophical understanding of historical practice. Rheinberger presents thought about the nature of science by leading scientists and their interpreters over the course of the twentieth century as emphasizing increasingly the local and developmental character of their learning practices, thus making the conception of knowledge dependent upon historical experience, “historicizing epistemology.” Linking his account of thought about science to his own work on “experimental systems,” I draw (...)
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  16.  38
    Kant’s Notion of Intrinsic Purposiveness in the Critique of Judgment.John Zammito - 2009 - Kant Yearbook 1 (1):223-248.
  17. Kant and naturalism reconsidered.John H. Zammito - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):532 – 558.
    Reconstructions of Kant are prominent in the contemporary debate over naturalism. Given that this naturalism rejects a priori principles, Kant's anti-naturalism can best be discerned in the “critical turn” as a response to David Hume. Hume did not awaken Kant to criticize but to defend rational metaphysics. But when Kant went transcendental did he not, in fact, go transcendent? The controversy in the 1990s over John McDowell's Mind and World explored just this suspicion: the questions of the normative force of (...)
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  18.  27
    Epigenesis in Kant: Recent reconsiderations.John H. Zammito - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 58:85-97.
  19.  56
    Koselleck's philosophy of historical time(s) and the practice of history.John Zammito - 2004 - History and Theory 43 (1):124–135.
  20.  48
    Reconstructing German idealism and romanticism: Historicism and presentism.John Zammito - 2004 - Modern Intellectual History 1 (3):427-438.
    Frederick Beiser, German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781–1801 Robert Richards, The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe All art should become science and all science art; poetry and philosophy should be made one. Friedrich Schlegel, Kritische Fragmente When two major studies on the same thematic appear roughly simultaneously, integrating not only their authors' respective careers but the revisions of a whole generation of scholarship, the moment cries out for stock-taking, both substantively and methodologically. (...)
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  21.  24
    Kant and the Medical Faculty.John H. Zammito - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (2):429-451.
    The conflict between Kant and the medical faculty was far more complex and substantial than is indicated in the section of his famous Conflict of the Faculties addressing this matter. In this essay I will consider not only what Kant, as a philoso­pher, thought of medicine as a faculty, but what medicine as a faculty thought of Kant as a philosopher.
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  22.  64
    Kant and the Medical Faculty.John H. Zammito - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (2):429-451.
    The conflict between Kant and the medical faculty was far more complex and substantial than is indicated in the section of his famous Conflict of the Faculties addressing this matter. In this essay I will consider not only what Kant, as a philoso­pher, thought of medicine as a faculty, but what medicine as a faculty thought of Kant as a philosopher.
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  23.  90
    The Last Dogma of Positivism: Historicist Naturalism and the Fact/Value Dichotomy.John H. Zammito - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):305-338.
    Has the emergence of post-positivism in philosophy of science changed the terms of the “is/ought” dichotomy? If it has demonstrated convincingly that there are no “facts” apart from the theoretical frames and evaluative standards constructing them, can such a cordon sanitaire really be upheld between “facts” and values? The point I wish to stress is that philosophy of science has had a central role in constituting and imposing the fact/value dichotomy and a revolution in the philosophy of science should not (...)
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  24.  51
    “What is living and What is Dead” in materialism?John H. Zammito - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 67:89-96.
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  25.  33
    Ankersmit's postmodernist historiography: The hyperbole of "opacity".John H. Zammito - 1998 - History and Theory 37 (3):330–346.
    Ankersmit's articulation of a postmodern theory of history takes seriously both the strengths of traditional historicism and the right of historians to decide what makes sense for disciplinary practice. That makes him an exemplary interlocutor. Ankersmit proposes a theory of historical "representation" which radicalizes the narrative approach to historiography along the lines of poststructuralist textualism. Against this postmodernism but invoking some of his own arguments, I defend the traditional historicist position. I formulate criticisms of the theory of reference entailed in (...)
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  26. Kant's "naturalistic" history of mankind? Some reservations.John Zammito - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):29-62.
    Among many important claims, Allen Wood in Kant's Ethical ought proposes that Kant's philosophy of history can be grasped as a "naturalist" approach, grounding human nature in biology. I suggest some reservations. First, I question Kant's conception of biology as (a still emergent) science. Second, I question Kant's extension of his notion of "natural predisposition" to reason and freedom. Third, I question the naturalism of Kant's philosophy of history by suggesting the excessive role providence must play in Kant's account. The (...)
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  27.  50
    Médecin‐philosoph: Persona for Radical Enlightenment.John H. Zammito - 2008 - Intellectual History Review 18 (3):427-440.
  28.  5
    Kant in the 1760s: Contextualizing the “Popular” Turn.John H. Zammito - 2001 - In Predrag Cicovacki, Allen Wood, Carsten Held, Gerold Prauss, Gordon Brittan, Graham Bird, Henry Allison, John H. Zammito, Joseph Lawrence, Karl Ameriks, Ralf Meerbote, Robert Holmes, Robert Howell, Rudiger Bubner, Stanley Rosen, Susan Meld Shell & Yirmiyahu Yovel (eds.), Kant's Legacy: Essays in Honor of Lewis White Beck. Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer. pp. 387-432.
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  29. Discipline, philosophy, and history.John Zammito - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (2):289-303.
    Gorman proposes to investigate historical practice under the rubric of a philosophy of disciplines. Such philosophy must first “recover historically” the self-constitution of the discipline in order then to appraise its procedures for warranting claims. Gorman's concept of discipline would have profited from consulting the substantial body of empirical research and theory regarding disciplinarity, and his “historical recovery” of the discipline of history leaves a lot to be desired. These insufficiencies vitiate the interesting arguments he has to offer concerning the (...)
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  30.  91
    A Text Of Two Titles: Kant’s ‘A renewed attempt to answer the question: “Is the human race continually improving?’’’.John H. Zammito - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):535-545.
    The essay, ‘A renewed attempt to answer the question: “Is the human race continually improving?”’ appeared as Part II of Kant’s 1798 publication, The conflict of the faculties, where it was subordinated under a second title: ‘The conflict of the philosophy faculty with the faculty of law’. How did this new situation affects the meaning of the essay? My argument considers first, the conflict of the faculty of philosophy with the faculty of law; second, the earlier philosophy of history Kant (...)
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  31.  4
    Kant's Legacy: Essays in Honor of Lewis White Beck.Predrag Cicovacki, Allen Wood, Carsten Held, Gerold Prauss, Gordon Brittan, Graham Bird, Henry Allison, John H. Zammito, Joseph Lawrence, Karl Ameriks, Ralf Meerbote, Robert Holmes, Robert Howell, Rudiger Bubner, Stanley Rosen, Susan Meld Shell & Yirmiyahu Yovel (eds.) - 2001 - Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer.
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  32.  24
    The New Materialism: Philosophy, History, and Science.Sarah Ellenzweig & John H. Zammito (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    New materialism challenges conventional theories of understanding human being and subjectivity, which it regards as shaped by mechanistic models characteristic of early modern philosophy that regarded matter as largely passive. Instead it gives weight to topics often overlooked in such accounts: the body, the role of affect and the emotions, gender, temporality, agency and vitalism. This collection, which includes an international roster of contributors from philosophy, history, literature and science, is the first to ask what is 'new' about the new (...)
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  33.  45
    A problem of our own making: Roth on historical explanation.John H. Zammito - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (2):244-249.
    Roth claims that in constituting the sorts of events they want to connect, historians conceive matters that may not correlate with any inventory of elements eligible for admission by natural science. Given “the liabilities incurred by the very questions historians choose to ask,” the question of historical explanation is a problem of our own making. “Previous challenges to the epistemic legitimacy of historical explanations lose their point,” for no one can ask what kind of science or what kind of explanation (...)
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  34.  42
    A Philosophical Reconstruction of the Sublime.John H. Zammito - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (1):129-137.
    _ Source: _Page Count 9 Robert Doran claims that the sublime is all about transcendence transferred from the religious to the aesthetic domain of experience. Taken in this philosophical rather than stylistic sense, it proved crucial for the development of modern subjectivity. Doran traces the issue from Longinus through the decisive reception of Nicolas Boileau, who first distinguished le sublime from le style sublime, on to an extended engagement with Immanuel Kant. In all this he seeks its place in the (...)
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  35.  37
    Bringing Biology Back In: The Unresolved Issue of “Epigenesis” in Kant.John H. Zammito - 2015 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1:197-216.
    Epigenesis has become a far more exciting issue in Kant studies recently, especially with the publication of Jennifer Mensch’s Kant’ Organicism. In my commentary, I propose to clarify my own position on epigenesis relative to that of Mensch by once again considering the discourse of epigenesis in the wider eighteenth century. In order to situate more precisely what Kant made of it in his own thought, I distinguish the metaphysical use Kant made of epigenesis from his rejection of its aptness (...)
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  36.  8
    Bringing Biology Back In: The Unresolved Issue of “Epigenesis” in Kant.John H. Zammito - 2015 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1:197-216.
    Epigenesis has become a far more exciting issue in Kant studies recently, especially with the publication of Jennifer Mensch’s Kant’ Organicism. In my commentary, I propose to clarify my own position on epigenesis relative to that of Mensch by once again considering the discourse of epigenesis in the wider eighteenth century. In order to situate more precisely what Kant made of it in his own thought, I distinguish the metaphysical use Kant made of epigenesis from his rejection of its aptness (...)
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  37.  5
    Before Boas: The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment.John H. Zammito - 2016 - Critical Philosophy of Race 4 (2):263-271.
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  38.  32
    Becoming Human: Romantic Anthropology and the Embodiment of Freedom.John H. Zammito - 2011 - Intellectual History Review 21 (4):538-540.
  39.  14
    Between Reimarus and Kant: Blumenbach’s Concept of Trieb.John H. Zammito - 2021 - In Manja Kisner & Jörg Noller (eds.), The Concept of Drive in Classical German Philosophy: Between Biology, Anthropology, and Metaphysics. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 39-60.
    The notion of Trieb, constitutive for Blumenbach’s greatest conceptual intervention, the Bildungstrieb, intentionally separated it from the other Bildungskräfte that had been identified in the physical world. This discrimination proved decisive for Kant. Thus we must endeavor to reconstruct the source and the significance of Blumenbach’s conceptual departure. My argument will be that in his turn to Trieb, Blumenbach drew upon the pioneering work of Hermann Reimarus. Thus, my argument will have three components: first, the conceptualization of Trieb in Reimarus; (...)
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  40.  7
    Chapter 13. Philosophy for Everyman: Kant’s Encyclopedia Course.John Zammito - 2015 - In Robert R. Clewis (ed.), Reading Kant's Lectures. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 301-320.
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  41.  8
    Historians and Philosophy of Historiography.John Zammito - 2008 - In Aviezer Tucker (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 63–84.
    This chapter contains sections titled: A Perennial Crisis? When “Historiography” Faces “Philosophy” The Poststructuralist/Postmodernist Challenge Practicing Historians and the Challenge of Philosophy Concluding Comment References.
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  42.  15
    Herder's Naturalist Aesthetics, by Rachel Zuckert.John Zammito - forthcoming - Mind:fzz079.
    Herder's Naturalist Aesthetics, by ZuckertRachel. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Pp. 276.
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  43.  82
    Herder, Sturm und Drang, and “Expressivism”: Problems in Reception-History.John H. Zammito - 2006 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27 (2):51-74.
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  44.  35
    Herder, Sturm und Drang, and “Expressivism”.John H. Zammito - 2006 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27 (2):51-74.
  45.  20
    Kant and the Schönen Wissenschaften: Contextualizing The Dreams of a Spirit-Seer.John H. Zammito - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. New York: De Gruyter. pp. 78-85.
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  46.  54
    Kant, Herder & the Birth of Anthropology.John Zammito - 2005 - Philosophy Now 49:43-45.
  47.  19
    Kant's Persistent Ambivalence.John H. Zammito - 2007 - In Philippe Huneman (ed.), Understanding purpose: Kant and the philosophy of biology. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. pp. 8--51.
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  48.  12
    Organisme et corps organique de Leibniz à Kant by François Duchesneau.John H. Zammito - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):762-763.
    The principle of "organism"—of intrinsic and dynamic unity—and the existence of "organized bodies"—of living things—in the physical world represented crucial preoccupations for philosophers of nature and experimental naturalists across the eighteenth century. How to make sense of these in a manner consistent with a unified scientific understanding of the physical world became the inevitable challenge that accompanied these recognitions. In just this theoretical enterprise, Leibniz emerges to historical scrutiny as an indispensable and pervasive influence. Thus, we are very fortunate to (...)
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  49.  22
    Review essay: William Rehg, Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas.John H. Zammito - 2011 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (3):359-365.
    William Rehg believes that the ‘science wars’ of recent times make it acutely necessary that ‘reasonable’ or ‘cogent’ standards for the assessment of scientific claims find acceptance among the various constituencies of the debate. He see ‘Kuhn’s gap’ — the mutual estrangement of philosophy of science from empirical science studies — as lamentable and seeks to bridge these disciplines via ‘argumentation theory’ inspired by the philosophy of Jürgen Habermas. While the use of argumentation theory helps illuminate the complexities of scientific (...)
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  50.  21
    Raphaël Lagier. Les races humaines selon Kant. 199 pp., bibl. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2004. €18.John H. Zammito - 2006 - Isis 97 (1):154-155.
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