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John Woods [224]John Hayden Woods [4]John E. Woods [3]John H. Woods [1]
Johnny Woods [1]John A. Woods [1]
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John Woods
Illinois Mathematics And Science Acadamy
  1.  30
    Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic.John Woods - 2018 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
    This monograph examines truth in fiction by applying the techniques of a naturalized logic of human cognitive practices. The author structures his project around two focal questions. What would it take to write a book about truth in literary discourse with reasonable promise of getting it right? What would it take to write a book about truth in fiction as true to the facts of lived literary experience as objectivity allows? It is argued that the most semantically distinctive feature of (...)
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  2. Aims of Education: A Conceptual Inquiry.Richard S. Peters, John Woods & William H. Dray - forthcoming - The Philosophy of Education.
     
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  3.  3
    Argument: The Logic of the Fallacies.John Woods & Douglas N. Walton - 1982 - Toronto, Canada: Mcgraw-Hill Ryerson.
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  4.  1
    Fallacies: Selected Papers 1972-1982.John Woods & Douglas N. Walton - 1989 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Foris.
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  5.  1
    The Logic of Fiction: A Philosophical Sounding of Deviant Logic.John Woods - 1974 - The Hague and Paris: Mouton.
    John Woods' The Logic of Fiction, now thirty-five years old, is a ground-breaking event in the establishment of the semantics of fiction as a stand-alone research programme in the philosophies of language and logic. There is now a large literature about these matters, but Woods' book retains a striking freshness, and still serves as a convincing template of the treatment options for the field's key problems. The book now appears in a second edition with a new Foreword by Nicholas Griffin (...)
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  6. Paradox and Paraconsistency: Conflict Resolution in the Abstract Sciences.John Woods - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a world plagued by disagreement and conflict one might expect that the exact sciences of logic and mathematics would provide a safe harbor. In fact these disciplines are rife with internal divisions between different, often incompatible, systems. Do these disagreements admit of resolution? Can such resolution be achieved without disturbing assumptions that the theorems of logic and mathematics state objective truths about the real world? In this original and historically rich book John Woods explores apparently intractable disagreements in logic (...)
     
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  7.  71
    Enthymematic Parsimony.Fabio Paglieri & John Woods - 2011 - Synthese 178 (3):461 - 501.
    Enthymemes are traditionally defined as arguments in which some elements are left unstated. It is an empirical fact that enthymemes are both enormously frequent and appropriately understood in everyday argumentation. Why is it so? We outline an answer that dispenses with the so called "principle of charity", which is the standard notion underlying most works on enthymemes. In contrast, we suggest that a different force drives enthymematic argumentation—namely, parsimony, i.e. the tendency to optimize resource consumption, in light of the agent's (...)
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  8. Advice on Abductive Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):189-219.
    One of our purposes here is to expose something of the elementary logical structure of abductive reasoning, and to do so in a way that helps orient theorists to the various tasks that a logic of abduction should concern itself with. We are mindful of criticisms that have been levelled against the very idea of a logic of abduction; so we think it prudent to proceed with a certain diffidence. That our own account of abduction is itself abductive is methodological (...)
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  9. What is Informal Logic.John Woods - forthcoming - Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.
     
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  10.  41
    Arresting Circles in Formal Dialogues.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1978 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1):73 - 90.
  11.  7
    Fictions and Models: New Essays.John Woods (ed.) - 2010 - Philosophia.
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  12.  69
    Petitio Principii.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1975 - Synthese 31 (1):107 - 127.
  13.  83
    Lightening Up on the Ad Hominem.John Woods - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (1):109-134.
    In all three of its manifestations, —abusive, circumstantial and tu quoque—the role of the ad hominem is to raise a doubt about the opposite party’s casemaking bona-fides.Provided that it is both presumptive and provisional, drawing such a conclusion is not a logical mistake, hence not a fallacy on the traditional conception of it. More remarkable is the role of the ad hominem retort in seeking the reassurance of one’s opponent when, on the face of it, reassurance is precisely what he (...)
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  14.  60
    By Parity of Reasoning.John Woods & Brent Hudak - 1989 - Informal Logic 11 (3).
  15. Paradox and Paraconsistency: Conflict Resolution in the Abstract Sciences.John Woods - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (1):116-118.
     
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  16.  36
    Cognitive Economics and the Logic of Abduction.John Woods - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (1):148-161.
    An agent-centered, goal-directed, resource-bound logic of human reasoning would do well to note that individual cognitive agency is typified by the comparative scantness of available cognitive resourcess ignorance-preserving character. My principal purpose here is to tie abduction’s scarce-resource adjustment capacity to its ignorance preservation.
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  17.  45
    How Philosophical is Informal Logic?John Woods - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Consider the proposition, "Informal logic is a subdiscipline of philosophy". The best chance of showing this to be true is showing that informal logic is part of logic, which in turn is a part of philosophy. Part 1 is given over to the task of sorting out these connections. If successful, informal logic can indeed be seen as part of philosophy; but there is no question of an exclusive relationship. Part 2 is a critical appraisal of the suggestion that informal (...)
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  18.  30
    Recent Developments in Abductive Logic.John Woods - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):240-244.
  19.  54
    Resource-Origins of Nonmonotonicity.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2008 - Studia Logica 88 (1):85-112.
    Formal nonmonotonic systems try to model the phenomenon that common sense reasoners are able to “jump” in their reasoning from assumptions Δ to conclusions C without their being any deductive chain from Δ to C. Such jumps are done by various mechanisms which are strongly dependent on context and knowledge of how the actual world functions. Our aim is to motivate these jump rules as inference rules designed to optimise survival in an environment with scant resources of effort and time. (...)
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  20. Agenda Relevance - a Study in Formal Pragmatics.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2003
     
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  21. Handbook of the History of Logic.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):579-583.
     
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  22.  29
    Argumentum ad Verecundiam.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1974 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 7 (3):135 - 153.
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  23.  14
    The Fallacy of 'Ad Ignorantiam'.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1978 - Dialectica 32 (2):87-99.
  24. On the Follies of Intercourse Between Models and Fiction: A Naturalized Causal-Response Diagnosis.John Woods - 2019 - In Matthieu Fontaine, Cristina Barés-Gómez, Francisco Salguero-Lamillar, Lorenzo Magnani & Ángel Nepomuceno-Fernández (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Springer Verlag.
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  25.  30
    Question-Begging and Cumulativeness in Dialectical Games.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1982 - Noûs 16 (4):585-605.
  26.  55
    Enthymemes: From Reconstruction to Understanding. [REVIEW]Fabio Paglieri & John Woods - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (2):127-139.
    Traditionally, an enthymeme is an incomplete argument, made so by the absence of one or more of its constituent statements. An enthymeme resolution strategy is a set of procedures for finding those missing elements, thus reconstructing the enthymemes and restoring its meaning. It is widely held that a condition on the adequacy of such procedures is that statements restored to an enthymeme produce an argument that is good in some given respect in relation to which the enthymeme itself is bad. (...)
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  27.  44
    Philosophy of Economics.Uskali Mäki, Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard & John Woods (eds.) - 2012 - North Holland.
    This volume serves as a detailed introduction for those new to the field as well as a rich source of new insights and potential research agendas for those already engaged with the philosophy of economics.
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  28.  48
    Hintikka on Aristotle's Fallacies.John Woods & Hans V. Hansen - 1997 - Synthese 113 (2):217-239.
  29.  29
    Normative Models of Rational Agency: The Theoretical Disutility of Certain Approaches.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2003 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 11 (6):597-613.
    Much of cognitive science seeks to provide principled descriptions of various kinds and aspects of rational behaviour, especially in beings like us or AI simulacra of beings like us. For the most part, these investigators presuppose an unarticulated common sense appreciation of the rationality that such behaviour consists in. On those occasions when they undertake to bring the relevant norms to the surface and to give an account of that to which they owe their legitimacy, these investigators tend to favour (...)
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  30. Pragma-Dialectics-a Radical Departure in Fallacy Theory.John Woods - 1991 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 24 (1):43-53.
     
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  31. The Necessity of Formalism in Informal Logic.John Woods - 1989 - Argumentation 3:149-167.
     
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  32.  31
    The Logic of Fiction.John Woods - 1976 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 34 (3):354-355.
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  33.  16
    Non-Cooperation In Dialogue Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1):161-186.
  34.  44
    Non-Cooperation in Dialogue Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1-2):161 - 186.
  35. Agenda Relevance: A Study in Formal Pragmatics.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2004 - Studia Logica 77 (1):133-139.
     
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  36.  12
    Aristotle's Early Logic.John Woods & Andrew Irvine - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--27.
  37. Ignorance and Semantic Tableaux: Aliseda on Abduction.John Woods - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):305-318.
    This is an examination of similarities and differences between two recent models of abductive reasoning. The one is developed in Atocha Aliseda’s Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into the Processes of Discovery and Evaluation (2006). The other is advanced by Dov Gabbay and the present author in their The Reach of Abduction: Insight and Trial (2005). A principal difference between the two approaches is that in the Gabbay-Woods model, but not in the Aliseda model, abductive inference is ignorance-preserving. A further differ-ence (...)
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  38.  31
    The Petitio: Aristotle'S Five Ways.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (March):77-100.
    If one looks to the current textbook lore for reliable taxonomic and analytical information about the petitio principii, one is met with conceptual disarray and much too much nonsense. The present writers have recently attempted to furnish the beginnings of a theoretical reconstruction of this fallacy which is at once faithful to its formidable complexity yet useful as guide for its detection and avoidance. The fact is that the petitio has had a lengthy and interesting history, and in this paper (...)
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  39.  13
    Pretendism in Name Only.John Woods - 2018 - Analysis 78 (4):713-718.
    _Pretendism in Name Only_ By WoodsJohnCambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2015. xii + 273. £22.99.
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  40. Ad Hominem.John Woods - 1976 - Philosophical Forum 8 (1):1.
     
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  41.  47
    Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (4):569 - 593.
    IT is strange that the informal fallacies should strike us as such obvious breaches of thinking and advocacy, yet should have met with such little success in finding a respectable home within mature logical theory. It might seem that respectable and mature logical theory is most mature and most respectable in the theory of propositions, and that its maturity and respectability in the other logical domains rapidly diminish in inverse proportion to the susceptibility of those domains to be reduced to (...)
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  42.  34
    Composition and Division.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1977 - Studia Logica 36 (4):381 - 406.
  43. What Did Frege Take Russell to Have Proved?John Woods - 2019 - Synthese 198 (4):3949-3977.
    In 1902 there arrived in Jena a letter from Russell laying out a proof that shattered Frege’s confidence in logicism, which is widely taken to be the doctrine according to which every truth of arithmetic is re-expressible without relevant loss as a provable truth about a purely logical object. Frege was persuaded that Russell had exposed a pathology in logicism, which faced him with the task of examining its symptoms, diagnosing its cause, assessing its seriousness, arriving at a treatment option, (...)
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  44.  57
    Is the Theoretical Unity of the Fallacies Possible?John Woods - 1994 - Informal Logic 16 (2).
    Historically, the fallacies have been neglected as objects of systematic study. Yet, since Hamblin's famous criticism of the state of fallacy theory, a substantial literature has been produced. A large portion of this literature is the work of Douglas Walton and John Woods. This paper will deal directly with the criticism of that work which has been advanced by van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the complaints found in their writings of 1992, concerning the disunification of the fallacies and the exemplaristic (...)
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  45.  13
    Virtuous Distortion.John Woods & Alirio Rosales - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 3--30.
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  46. Fictions and Their Logic.John Woods - 2006 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Philosophy of Logic. North Holland. pp. 5--835.
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  47.  62
    Dialectical Considerations on the Logic of Contradiction: Part I.John Woods - 2005 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (2):231-260.
    This is an examination of the dialectical structure of deep disagreements about matters not open to empirical check. A dramatic case in point is the Law of Non-Contradiction . Dialetheists are notoriously of the view that, in some few cases, LNC has a true negation. The traditional position on LNC is that it is non-negotiable. The standard reason for thinking it non-negotiable is, being a first principle, there is nothing to negotiate. One of my purposes is to show that the (...)
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  48. Equivocation and Practical Logic.John Woods - 1979 - Ratio (Misc.) 21 (1):31.
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  49. The Subtleties of Aristotle's Non-Cause.John Woods & Hans V. Hansen - 2001 - Logique Et Analyse 176:395-415.
  50.  15
    Fallacies as Cognitive Virtues.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2009 - In Ondrej Majer, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Tero Tulenheimo (eds.), Games: Unifying Logic, Language, and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 57--98.
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