38 found
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  1. First Steps Towards an Ethics of Robots and Artificial Intelligence.John Tasioulas - 2019 - Journal of Practical Ethics 7 (1):61-95.
    This article offers an overview of the main first-order ethical questions raised by robots and Artificial Intelligence (RAIs) under five broad rubrics: functionality, inherent significance, rights and responsibilities, side-effects, and threats. The first letter of each rubric taken together conveniently generates the acronym FIRST. Special attention is given to the rubrics of functionality and inherent significance given the centrality of the former and the tendency to neglect the latter in virtue of its somewhat nebulous and contested character. In addition to (...)
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  2. The Moral Reality of Human Rights.John Tasioulas - 2007 - In Thomas Pogge (ed.), Freedom From Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor? Co-Published with Unesco. Oxford University Press.
  3. Games and the Good.Thomas Hurka & John Tasioulas - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80:217-264.
    [Thomas Hurka] Using Bernard Suits's brilliant analysis of playing a game, this paper examines the intrinsic value of game-playing. It argues that two elements in Suits's analysis make success in games difficult, which is one ground of value, while a third involves choosing a good activity for the property that makes it good, which is a further ground. The paper concludes by arguing that game-playing is the paradigm modern as against classical value: since its goal is intrinsically trivial, its value (...)
     
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  4. The philosophy of international law.Samantha Besson & John Tasioulas (eds.) - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The other contributions address philosophical problems arising in specific domains of international law, such as human rights law, international economic law, ...
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  5. Taking rights out of human rights.John Tasioulas - 2010 - Ethics 120 (4):647-678.
  6.  95
    Punishment and repentance.John Tasioulas - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (2):279-322.
    In philosophical writings, the practice of punishment standardly features as a terrain over which comprehensive moral theories—in the main, versions of ‘consequentialism’ and ‘deontology’—have fought a prolonged and inconclusive battle. The grip of this top-down model of the relationship between philosophical theory and punitive practice is so tenacious that even the most seemingly innocent concern with the ‘consequences’ of punishment is often read, if not as an endorsement of consequentialism, then at least as the registering of a consequentialist point. But (...)
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  7.  84
    Research led by participants: a new social contract for a new kind of research.Effy Vayena, Roger Brownsword, Sarah Jane Edwards, Bastian Greshake, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Navjoyt Ladher, Jonathan Montgomery, Daniel O'Connor, Onora O'Neill, Martin P. Richards, Annette Rid, Mark Sheehan, Paul Wicks & John Tasioulas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):216-219.
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  8. The Legitimacy of International Law.John Tasioulas - 2010 - In Samantha Besson & John Tasioulas (eds.), The Philosophy of International Law. Oxford University Press.
  9. Games and the good.Thomas Hurka & John Tasioulas - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):237-264.
    Using Bernard Suits’s brilliant analysis (contra Wittgenstein) of playing a game, this paper examines the intrinsic value of game-playing. It argues that two elements in Suits’s analysis make success in games difficult, which is one ground of value, while a third involves choosing a good activity for the property that makes it good, which is a further ground. The paper concludes by arguing that game-playing is the paradigm modern (Marx, Nietzsche) as against classical (Aristotle) value: since its goal is intrinsically (...)
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  10. Are human rights essentially triggers for intervention?John Tasioulas - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):938-950.
    The orthodox conception of human rights holds that human rights are moral rights possessed by all human beings simply in virtue of their humanity. In recent years, advocates of a 'political' conception of human rights have criticized this view on the grounds that it overlooks the distinctive political function performed by human rights. This article evaluates the arguments of two such critics, John Rawls and Joseph Raz, who characterize the political function of human rights as that of potential triggers for (...)
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  11. On the foundations of human rights.John Tasioulas - 2015 - In Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  12.  36
    John Tasioulas.John Tasioulas - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):237–264.
  13. Human Rights, Legitimacy, and International Law.John Tasioulas - 2013 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 58 (1):1-25.
    The article begins with reflections on the nature, and basis, of human rights considered as moral standards. It recommends an orthodox view of their nature, as moral rights possessed by all human beings simply in virtue of their humanity and discoverable through the workings of natural reason, that makes them strongly continuous with natural rights. It then offers some criticisms of recent attempts to depart from orthodoxy by explicating human rights by reference to the supposedly constitutive connection they bear to (...)
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  14. Human rights, universality and the values of personhood: Retracing Griffin's steps.John Tasioulas - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):79–100.
  15.  12
    II—John Tasioulas.John Tasioulas - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):237-264.
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  16. Introduction.John Tasioulas - 2020 - In The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Law. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  17.  17
    Human Rights, Universality and the Values of Personhood: Retracing Griffin's Steps.John Tasioulas - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):79-100.
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  18. Taking rights out of human rights.John Tasioulas - 2014 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), Griffin on Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  29
    “We the Scientists”: a Human Right to Citizen Science.Effy Vayena & John Tasioulas - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (3):479-485.
    The flourishing of citizen science is an exciting phenomenon with the potential to contribute significantly to scientific progress. However, we lack a framework for addressing in a principled and effective manner the pressing ethical questions it raises. We argue that at the core of any such framework must be the human right to science. Moreover, we stress an almost entirely neglected dimension of this right—the entitlement it confers on all human beings to participate in the scientific process in all of (...)
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  20. Where is the Love? The Topography of Mercy.John Tasioulas - 2011 - In Rowan Cruft, Matthew H. Kramer & Mark R. Reiff (eds.), Crime, Punishment, and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff. Oxford University Press.
     
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  21.  44
    The place of human rights and the common good in global health policy.John Tasioulas & Effy Vayena - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4):365-382.
    This article offers an integrated account of two strands of global health justice: health-related human rights and health-related common goods. After sketching a general understanding of the nature of human rights, it proceeds to explain both how individual human rights are to be individuated and the content of their associated obligations specified. With respect to both issues, the human right to health is taken as the primary illustration. It is argued that the individuation of the right to health is fixed (...)
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  22.  40
    Global justice without end?John Tasioulas - 2005 - Metaphilosophy 36 (1‐2):3-29.
    John Rawls argued in The Law of Peoples that we should reject any principle of international distributive justice, whether in ideal theory or nonideal theory. Instead, he advocated a duty of assistance on the part of well‐ordered societies toward burdened societies. I argue that Rawls is correct that we should endorse a principle with a target and cut‐off point rather than a principle of international distributive justice. But the target and cut‐off point he favors is too undemanding, because it can (...)
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  23.  16
    VI-Mercy.John Tasioulas - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):101-132.
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  24.  25
    The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Law.John Tasioulas (ed.) - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    What is the nature of law as a form of social order? What bearing do values like justice, human rights, and the rule of law have on law? Which values should law serve, and what limits must it respect in serving them? Are we always morally bound to obey the law? What are the philosophical problems that arise in specific areas of law, from criminal and tort law to contract law and public international law? The book provides an accessible, comprehensive, (...)
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  25. Consequences of ethical relativism.John Tasioulas - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):156–171.
    Various disastrous consequences have been attributed to ethical relativism, ranging from increased crime rates to the decline of Western cultural values. While sceptical about such empirical claims, this article contends that relativism has subv ersive interpretative consequences, i.e. those pertaining to the viability of our ethical self‐understanding. The main such consequence is its subversion of the idea of ethical critique, which in turn undermines (i) the distinction between reason and power and (ii) the idea of ethical progress. In defending consequence (...)
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  26.  12
    From utopia to Kazanistan: John Rawls and the law of peoples. Review article.John Tasioulas - 2002 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 22 (2):367-396.
  27.  81
    Mercy.John Tasioulas - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):101–132.
    Mercy is a form of charity towards wrongdoers that justifies punishing them less severely than they deserve according to justice. Three main objections to mercy, or its exercise by organs of the state-that it is irrational, unjust and procedurally unfair-are addressed in the course of defending mercy as a value that has a place in deliberation about criminal punishment. The paper draws on both the communicative theory of punishment and aspects of existing legal practice in mounting this defence.
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  28. AI and robot ethics.John Tasioulas - 2019 - In David Edmonds (ed.), Ethics and the Contemporary World. Routledge.
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  29.  88
    Relativism, realism, and reflection.John Tasioulas - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (4):377 – 410.
    The paper undertakes a critical examination of three key strands- relativism, antirealism, and reflection- in Bernard Williams's sceptical interpretation of ethical thought. The anti-realist basis of Williams's 'relativism of distance' is identified and the way this threatens to render his relativism more subversive than initially appears. Focusing on Williams's anti-realism, the paper argues that it fails because it is caught on the horns of a dilemma: either it draws on a conception of reality that is metaphysically incoherent, or else it (...)
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  30.  39
    Justice, equality, and rights.John Tasioulas - 2013 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter begins by considering the nature of justice, and then discusses justice as a subjective right, justice eclipsed, basic human equality, natural rights, and the transformation of natural rights into human rights.
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  31.  26
    “Fantasy Upon Fantasy”: Some Reflections on Dworkin’s Philosophy of International Law.John Tasioulas - 2021 - Jus Cogens 3 (1):33-50.
    This article offers a critique of Ronald Dworkin’s article “A New Philosophy for International Law”, (Philos Public Aff 41: 1–30, 2013). It begins by showing that Dworkin’s moralised theory of law is built on two highly questionable background assumptions. On the one hand, a descriptively implausible characterisation of a positivist-voluntarist view of international law as the reigning “orthodoxy”. On the other hand, the methodologically questionable assumption that a theory of international law must discharge the dual function of explaining the validity (...)
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  32. Justice and punishment.John Tasioulas - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
  33.  22
    John Finnis 45 Reasons and Abilities: Some Preliminaries John Gardner 63.John Tasioulas & Benjamin C. Zipursky - unknown - American Journal of Jurisprudence 58 (1).
  34.  17
    'Lawful Mercy'in Measure for Measure.Jacqueline Tasioulas & John Tasioulas - 2013 - In John Keown & Robert P. George (eds.), Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis. Oxford University Press. pp. 219.
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  35.  5
    Law, Values and Social Practices.John Tasioulas - 1997 - Dartmouth Publishing Company.
    A collection of essays which explore aspects of the myriad relationships (meta-theoretical, conceptual, epistemic, institutional and normative) between law, values and social practices.
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  36.  27
    Philosophy, criticism and community: A response to Duff.John Tasioulas - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):259-268.
    abstract A critical discussion of R. A. Duff's account of 'internal' and 'external' criticism using two examples drawn from recent work on international justice — Pogge on global poverty and Duff on international criminal jurisdiction.
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  37. The rule of law.John Tasioulas - 2020 - In The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Law. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  38. 10. Daniel Markovits, A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age Daniel Markovits, A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age (pp. 864-869). [REVIEW]John Tasioulas, Allen Buchanan, Rainer Forst, James Griffin, Mikhail Valdman & Louis‐Philippe Hodgson - 2010 - Ethics 120 (4).
     
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