Results for 'John Stewart Bell'

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  1. Speakable and unspeakable in quantum mechanics: collected papers on quantum philosophy.John Stewart Bell - 1987 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book comprises all of John Bell's published and unpublished papers in the field of quantum mechanics, including two papers that appeared after the first edition was published. It also contains a preface written for the first edition, and an introduction by Alain Aspect that puts into context Bell's great contribution to the quantum philosophy debate. One of the leading expositors and interpreters of modern quantum theory, John Bell played a major role in the development (...)
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  2.  53
    John Stewart Bell and his work—On the occasion of his sixtieth birthday.Max Jammer - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (10):1139-1145.
  3.  15
    John Stewart Bell and the renewal of the foundations of quantum mechanics: Andrew Whitaker: John Stewart Bell and twentieth-century physics: Vision and integrity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, 460 pp, $44.95 HB.Olival Freire - 2017 - Metascience 26 (1):59-62.
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  4.  54
    John Stewart Bell—Physicist and moralizer.Reinhold A. Bertlmann - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (10):1135-1138.
  5.  49
    John Stewart Bell: 1928–1990. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (5):509-512.
  6.  24
    My Discussions of Quantum Foundations with John Stewart Bell.Marian Kupczynski - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-20.
    In 1976, I met John Bell several times in CERN and we talked about a possible violation of optical theorem, purity tests, EPR paradox, Bell’s inequalities and their violation. In this review, I resume our discussions, and explain how they were related to my earlier research. I also reproduce handwritten notes, which I gave to Bell during our first meeting and a handwritten letter he sent to me in 1982. We have never met again, but I (...)
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  7.  2
    Bell, John, Stewart-1928-1990.Abner Shimony - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (5):509-512.
  8. Artificial moral and legal personhood.John-Stewart Gordon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    This paper considers the hotly debated issue of whether one should grant moral and legal personhood to intelligent robots once they have achieved a certain standard of sophistication based on such criteria as rationality, autonomy, and social relations. The starting point for the analysis is the European Parliament’s resolution on Civil Law Rules on Robotics and its recommendation that robots be granted legal status and electronic personhood. The resolution is discussed against the background of the so-called Robotics Open Letter, which (...)
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  9.  12
    Artificial Intelligence and the future of work.John-Stewart Gordon & David J. Gunkel - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-7.
    In this paper, we delve into the significant impact of recent advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) on the future landscape of work. We discuss the looming possibility of mass unemployment triggered by AI and the societal repercussions of this transition. Despite the challenges this shift presents, we argue that it also unveils opportunities to mitigate social inequalities, combat global poverty, and empower individuals to follow their passions. Amidst this discussion, we also touch upon the existential question of the purpose of (...)
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  10.  8
    Quantum strangeness: wrestling with Bell's Theorem and the ultimate nature of reality.George S. Greenstein - 2019 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    Northern Ireland physicist John Stewart Bell's possible understanding of quantum theory.
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  11. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.John-Stewart Gordon, and & Sven Nyholm - 2021 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence This article provides a comprehensive overview of the main ethical issues related to the impact of Artificial Intelligence on human society. AI is the use of machines to do things that would normally require human intelligence. In many areas of human life, AI has rapidly and significantly affected human society … Continue reading Ethics of Artificial Intelligence →.
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  12. Showler’s Pragmatic Approach to Moral Status.John-Stewart Gordon - 2024 - Philosophy and Technology 37 (2):1-5.
    This commentary critically evaluates Showler’s pragmatic approach to moral status, which integrates moral individualism and moral relationalism to address the moral complexities surrounding non-human entities, especially social robots. Showler proposes a unified methodology that delineates distinct roles for each theory—moral coordination problems for moral individualism and moral transformation for moral relationalism. However, my commentary identifies key methodological ambiguities and potential conflation of moral status determination with broader ethical reasoning. It argues for clearer application guidelines and further theoretical refinement to enhance (...)
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  13.  9
    Comment on “A Loophole of All “Loophole-Free” Bell-Type Theorems”.Justo Pastor Lambare - 2020 - Foundations of Science 26 (4):917-924.
    In a recent article https://doi.org/10.1007/s10699-020-09666-0) Marek Czachor claims that the Bell inequality cannot be proved because variables of complementary measurements cannot be added or multiplied. Even though he has correctly identified the problems existing with the orthodox interpretation of the Bell inequality and dealt with them in an original way, the interpretation he addresses do not pertain to the original formulation given by John Stewart Bell.
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  14. What do we owe to intelligent robots?John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):209-223.
    Great technological advances in such areas as computer science, artificial intelligence, and robotics have brought the advent of artificially intelligent robots within our reach within the next century. Against this background, the interdisciplinary field of machine ethics is concerned with the vital issue of making robots “ethical” and examining the moral status of autonomous robots that are capable of moral reasoning and decision-making. The existence of such robots will deeply reshape our socio-political life. This paper focuses on whether such highly (...)
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  15.  80
    Are superintelligent robots entitled to human rights?John-Stewart Gordon - 2022 - Ratio 35 (3):181-193.
  16. Moral Status and Intelligent Robots.John-Stewart Gordon & David J. Gunkel - 2021 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (1):88-117.
    The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Volume 60, Issue 1, Page 88-117, March 2022.
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  17.  16
    The African Relational Account of Social Robots: a Step Back?John-Stewart Gordon - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-6.
  18.  12
    Recent developments in law.John McPhee & Cameron Stewart - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (2):63-68.
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  19.  55
    Building Moral Robots: Ethical Pitfalls and Challenges.John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):141-157.
    This paper examines the ethical pitfalls and challenges that non-ethicists, such as researchers and programmers in the fields of computer science, artificial intelligence and robotics, face when building moral machines. Whether ethics is “computable” depends on how programmers understand ethics in the first place and on the adequacy of their understanding of the ethical problems and methodological challenges in these fields. Researchers and programmers face at least two types of problems due to their general lack of ethical knowledge or expertise. (...)
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  20.  59
    Recent developments in law.John McPhee & Cameron Stewart - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (2):3-9.
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  21.  62
    AI and law: ethical, legal, and socio-political implications.John-Stewart Gordon - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (2):403-404.
  22. Applying the four-principle approach.John-Stewart Gordon, Oliver Rauprich & Jochen Vollmann - 2009 - Bioethics 25 (6):293-300.
    The four-principle approach to biomedical ethics is used worldwide by practitioners and researchers alike but it is rather unclear what exactly people do when they apply this approach. Ranking, specification, and balancing vary greatly among different people regarding a particular case. Thus, a sound and coherent applicability of principlism seems somewhat mysterious. What are principlists doing? The article examines the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the applicability of this approach. The most important result is that a sound and comprehensible application (...)
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  23.  18
    Smart Technologies and Fundamental Rights.John-Stewart Gordon (ed.) - 2020 - Brill | Rodopi.
    The present volume, _Smart Technologies and Fundamental Rights_, contains fourteen outstanding and challenging articles concerning fundamental rights and Artificial Intelligence at the intersection of law, ethics and smart technologies.
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  24.  60
    Recent developments.John McPhee & Cameron Stewart - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):125-131.
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  25.  90
    Moral Philosophers Are Moral Experts! A Reply to David Archard.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - Bioethics 28 (4):203-206.
    In his article ‘Why Moral Philosophers Are Not and Should Not Be Moral Experts’ David Archard attempts to show that his argument from common-sense morality is more convincing than other competing arguments in the debate. I examine his main line of argumentation and eventually refute his main argument in my reply.
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  26.  14
    Recent developments in law.John McPhee & Cameron Stewart - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (3):122-129.
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  27.  16
    Human Rights and Disability: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.John-Stewart Gordon & Johann-Christian Põder - 2016 - Routledge.
    The formerly established medically-based idea of disability, with its charity-based approach to treatment and services, is being replaced by a human rights-based approach in which people with impairments are no longer considered medical problems, totally dependent on the beneficence of non-impaired people in society, but have fundamental rights to support, inclusion, and participation. This interdisciplinary book examines the diverse concerns that people with impairments face in the context of human rights, provides insights into new developments on important issues relating human (...)
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  28.  52
    Indignity and Old Age.John-Stewart Gordon - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (4):223-232.
    This article examines the nature of human dignity against the background of old age and introduces the novel idea of treating human dignity as a formal principle related to the more foundational notion of indignity. The discussion starts with the objection that the notion of human dignity can be used to justify contrary positions and is therefore inconclusive. This pitfall can be averted by appealing to the notion of indignity rather than dignity in one's moral reasoning and decision‐making. Cases of (...)
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  29.  57
    Kantianism and the Problem of Child Sex Robots.John-Stewart Gordon & Sven Nyholm - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (1):132-147.
    Journal of Applied Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  30.  6
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Theories and Methods, Implementation, Evaluation.John-Stewart Gordon & Jan Schildmann - 2010 - Routledge.
    This volume brings together a group of researchers from different European countries and disciplines who are involved in Clinical Ethics Consultation. The work provides a discussion on the theories and methods underlying CEC and on the issues of implementation and evaluation.
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  31.  87
    Global ethics and principlism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (3):251-276.
    In his landmark article “How Medicine Saved the Life of Ethics” (1982), Stephen Toulmin persuasively argues that (serious) problems cannot be solved by mere rationalistic approaches in ethics and that ethics was eventually saved by dint of having to deal with vital questions and concrete problems in medicine. Whether one is a proponent of, for example, principlism or casuistry, one certainly has to admit that a convincing ethical theory or method must have practical application. Analogously, it is about time to (...)
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  32. Moral egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - manuscript
     
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  33.  11
    4 Es: ethics, engineering, economics & environment.John Stewart Buckeridge - 2011 - Annandale, N.S.W.: The Federation Press.
    At the dawn of Europe, an extraordinary Greek philosopher-engineer--biologist named Aristotle strove to develop a code that the good person could live by. Aristotle's concepts have much resonance with us today. Although there are differences in the way in which we perceive things, basically we all share the same aspirations and needs.This new edition will be of value to the globally-focused engineer and scientist; it includes case studies from both developed and developing nations to help students and practitioners unravel the (...)
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  34. Human Rights in Bioethics–Theoretical and Applied.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):283 - 294.
  35. Miracles and Revelation.John Stewart Lawton - unknown
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  36.  39
    Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society.John-Stewart Gordon, Michael Boylan, Robert Paul Churchill, James A. Donahue, Marcus Duwell, Dale Jacquette, Tanja Kohen, Christopher Lowry, Seumas Miller, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Johann-Christian Poder, Edward H. Spence, Udo Schuklenk, Wanda Teays & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2009 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    The essays in this book engage the original and controversial claims from Michael Boylan's A Just Society. Each essay discusses Boylan's claims from a particular chapter and offers a critical analysis of these claims. Boylan responds to the essays in his lengthy and philosophically rich reply.
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  37. Synthesis and fragmentation in social theory: A progressive solution.John Holmwood & Alexander Stewart - 1994 - Sociological Theory 12 (1):83-100.
    Postmodern claims for the lack of general coherence in social life and therefore in social research are merely a version of recurrent attempts to accept incoherence as adequate in explanations. Incoherence, however, is less sharply distinguished from the synthetic and generalizing theories that it is held to have replaced than its proponents and critics suppose. Generalizing approaches, in fact, were built around contradictions that contributed to their instability and facilitated postmodern fragmentation. In this paper we demonstrate the central contradictions in (...)
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  38.  13
    Aristoteles über Gerechtigkeit: das V. Buch der Nikomachischen Ethik.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Freiburg: Alber.
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  39. Moral egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  40.  18
    Poverty, human rights, and just distribution.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy & Ethics. Dordrecht. pp. 131--141.
  41.  32
    The ethics of ageing.John-Stewart Gordon - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (4):222-222.
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  42.  34
    Moral expertise revisited.John-Stewart Gordon - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (6):533-542.
    In recent years, there has been a lively (bio-)ethical debate on the nature of moral expertise and the concept of moral experts. However, there is currently no common ground concerning most issues. Against this background, this paper has two main goals. First, in more general terms, it examines some of the problems concerning moral expertise and experts, with a special focus on moral advice and testimony. Second, it applies the results in the context of medical ethics, especially in the clinical (...)
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  43.  1
    Farewell to argument.John Stewart Collis - 1935 - London,: Cassell.
    In this intriguing glimpse at East and West, Collis makes his case that the West should lead the world into a new spiritual age. He compares the contributions of Ghandi and D H Lawrence and finds Lawrence's thinking to be more compelling. The work outlines the philosophy that led Collis to be labelled a pioneer of the ecological movement.
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  44. Introduction to Part II: Human rights.John-Stewart Gordon - 2014 - In Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.), Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. Rowman & Littlefield.
  45.  7
    Poverty, Human Rights, and just Distribution.John-Stewart Gordon - 2023 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy and Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 147-157.
    PovertyPoverty is a serious threat for human beings and their well-beingWell-being. People are simply unable to live a good life when they are faced with severe problems, e.g., bad education, poor housing, poor sanitationSanitation, poor hygiene, or malnourishment. However, one of the most urgent problems with regard to poverty is badHealth/ healthcare, right toaccess access to primary health careGlobal healthcare and the allocation of health care resources for millions of people around the world. These people are deprived of human flourishing, (...)
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  46. Abortion.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  47.  7
    Aristoteles über Gerechtigkeit: das V. Buch der Nikomachischen Ethik.John-Stewart Gordon - 2007 - Freiburg: Alber.
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  48.  7
    Artificial Intelligence and Business Ethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2021 - In Deborah C. Poff & Alex C. Michalos (eds.), Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 134-138.
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  49. Bioethics.John-Stewart Gordon - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  50.  13
    Ethik als Methode.John-Stewart Gordon - 2019 - München: Verlag Karl Alber.
    Die Vorstellung, dass sich alle ethischen Probleme mit nur einem Moralprinzip auflosen lassen, kann niemals der Komplexitat der moralischen Wirklichkeit gerecht werden. Dieses Buch stellt sich damit gegen einen erheblichen Teil der ethischen Tradition. Es ist leitende Uberzeugung, dass die traditionellen ethischen Theorien zwar jeweils einen Teilaspekt der moralischen Wirklichkeit richtig herausarbeiten - in der Anwendung jedoch falschlicherweise geglaubt wird, dass die Theorie grundsatzlich das Ganze der moralischen Wirklichkeit abdecke. Die Komplexitat eines schwierigen moralischen Problems kann nur mittels einer pluralistischen (...)
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