Results for 'John R. Gribbin'

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  1. The Matter Myth Beyond Chaos and Complexity.P. C. W. Davies & John R. Gribbin - 1992
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  2. Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind.John R. Searle - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
    John Searle's Speech Acts and Expression and Meaning developed a highly original and influential approach to the study of language. But behind both works lay the assumption that the philosophy of language is in the end a branch of the philosophy of the mind: speech acts are forms of human action and represent just one example of the mind's capacity to relate the human organism to the world. The present book is concerned with these biologically fundamental capacities, and, though (...)
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  3. Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind.John R. Searle - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Searle's Speech Acts and Expression and Meaning developed a highly original and influential approach to the study of language. But behind both works lay the assumption that the philosophy of language is in the end a branch of the philosophy of the mind: speech acts are forms of human action and represent just one example of the mind's capacity to relate the human organism to the world. The present book is concerned with these biologically fundamental capacities, and, though (...)
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  4.  46
    Marshall M. Weinberg Conference: The Future of Cognitive Science - Thursday Afternoon (Oct. 16, 2008) Session: John R. Anderson and Alison Gopnik. [REVIEW]John R. Anderson & Alison Gopnik - unknown
    Six leading experts speak about the future of cognitive science.
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  5.  27
    Comment by John R. Bowlin.John R. Bowlin - 2000 - Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (3):473-477.
    Comments on:Charles T. Mathewes, Agency, Nature, Transcendence, and Moralism: A Review of Recent Work in Moral Psychology.
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  6.  20
    Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization.John R. Searle - 2010 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The renowned philosopher John Searle reveals the fundamental nature of social reality. What kinds of things are money, property, governments, nations, marriages, cocktail parties, and football games? Searle explains the key role played by language in the creation, constitution, and maintenance of social reality. We make statements about social facts that are completely objective, for example: Barack Obama is President of the United States, the piece of paper in my hand is a twenty-dollar bill, I got married in London, (...)
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  7. The Rediscovery of the Mind.John R. Searle - 1992 - MIT Press.
    The title of The Rediscovery of the Mind suggests the question "When was the mind lost?" Since most people may not be aware that it ever was lost, we must also then ask "Who lost it?" It was lost, of course, only by philosophers, by certain philosophers. This passed unnoticed by society at large. The "rediscovery" is also likely to pass unnoticed. But has the mind been rediscovered by the same philosophers who "lost" it? Probably not. John Searle is (...)
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  8. Minds, Brains, and Programs.John R. Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.
    What psychological and philosophical significance should we attach to recent efforts at computer simulations of human cognitive capacities? In answering this question, I find it useful to distinguish what I will call "strong" AI from "weak" or "cautious" AI. According to weak AI, the principal value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool. For example, it enables us to formulate and test hypotheses in a more rigorous and precise fashion. (...)
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  9.  20
    List of Abbreviations of John R. Searle's Major Works.John R. Searle’S. Major Works - 2010 - In Jan G. Michel, Dirk Franken & Attila Karakus (eds.), John R. Searle: Thinking About the Real World. Ontos. pp. 13--15.
  10. The Construction of Social Reality.John R. Searle - 1995 - Free Press.
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle argues that there are two kinds of facts--some that are independent of human observers, and some that require..
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  11.  27
    Christian Ethics and Natural Law: JOHN R. CARNES.John R. Carnes - 1967 - Religious Studies 3 (1):301-311.
    The life history of certain philosophical and theological terms and concepts constitutes in itself an interesting matter for consideration and reflection. None is more interesting than that of natural law. Many studies have traced the development of natural law philosophy from its early precursors among the Pre-Socratics through Plato and Aristotle, the Stoics, St Thomas, and the early British empiricists; have noted its demise in the nineteenth century, largely as a result of the criticism of Hume; and have observed its (...)
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  12. Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization.John R. Searle (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The purpose of this book -- Intentionality -- Collective intentionality and the assignment of function -- Language as biological and social -- The general theory of institutions and institutional facts: -- Language and social reality -- Free will, rationality, and institutional facts -- Power : deontic, background, political, and other -- Human rights -- Concluding remarks : the ontological foundations of the social sciences.
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  13. The Editors Wish to Express Their Appreciation to the Following Individuals Who, Though Not Members of the Advisory Board, Generously Reviewed Manuscripts for The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy During 2005: Holly Anderson, Nicholas Capaldi, Alfonso Gomez-Lobo, John R. Graham, Albert.John R. Klune Jonsen, Marta Kolthopp, Gilbert Meilander Lawry, Jonathan Moreno, David Resnik, Brian Taylor Slingsby & J. Robert Thompson - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (323).
     
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  14. Rationality in Action.John R. Searle - 2001 - MIT Press.
    The study of rationality and practical reason, or rationality in action, has been central to Western intellectual culture. In this invigorating book, John Searle lays out six claims of what he calls the Classical Model of rationality and shows why they are false. He then presents an alternative theory of the role of rationality in thought and action. A central point of Searle's theory is that only irrational actions are directly caused by beliefs and desires—for example, the actions of (...)
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  15.  23
    The Mystery of Consciousness.John R. Searle - 1990 - Granta Books.
    It has long been one of the most fundamental problems of philosophy, and it is now, John Searle writes, "the most important problem in the biological sciences": What is consciousness? Is my inner awareness of myself something separate from my body? In what began as a series of essays in The New York Review of Books, John Searle evaluates the positions on consciousness of such well-known scientists and philosophers as Francis Crick, Gerald Edelman, Roger Penrose, Daniel Dennett, David (...)
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  16. John Searle and His Critics.John R. Searle - 1991 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
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  17.  54
    Some Remarks About Social Ontology and Law: An Interview with John R. Searle.Angela Condello & John R. Searle - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (2):226-231.
  18. The Rediscovery of the Mind.John R. Searle - 1992 - Philosophy 68 (265):415-418.
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  19.  89
    How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?John R. Anderson - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    The human cognitive architecture consists of a set of largely independent modules associated with different brain regions. This book discusses in detail how these various modules can combine to produce behaviours as varied as driving a car and solving an algebraic equation.
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  20. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.John R. Searle - 1969 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 4 (1):59-61.
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  21. Arguments Concerning Representations for Mental Imagery.John R. Anderson - 1978 - Psychological Review (4):249-277.
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  22. Mind: A Brief Introduction.John R. Searle - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    "The philosophy of mind is unique among contemporary philosophical subjects," writes John Searle, "in that all of the most famous and influential theories are false." In Mind, Searle dismantles these famous and influential theories as he presents a vividly written, comprehensive introduction to the mind. Here readers will find one of the world's most eminent thinkers shedding light on the central concern of modern philosophy. Searle begins with a look at the twelve problems of philosophy of mind--which he calls (...)
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  23. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.John R. Searle - 1972 - Mind 81 (323):458-468.
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  24. Consciousness, Explanatory Inversion and Cognitive Science.John R. Searle - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):585-642.
    Cognitive science typically postulates unconscious mental phenomena, computational or otherwise, to explain cognitive capacities. The mental phenomena in question are supposed to be inaccessible in principle to consciousness. I try to show that this is a mistake, because all unconscious intentionality must be accessible in principle to consciousness; we have no notion of intrinsic intentionality except in terms of its accessibility to consciousness. I call this claim the The argument for it proceeds in six steps. The essential point is that (...)
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  25.  79
    Acquisition of Cognitive Skill.John R. Anderson - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (4):369-406.
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  26.  4
    Mind: A Brief Introduction.John R. Searle - 2004 - Oup Usa.
    In Mind: An Introduction, for the first time John Searle offers a general introduction to the philosophy of the mind. Giving a broad survey of all the major issues under discussion in the field, including philosophical issues in cognitive science and neurobiology, Searle argues for his own distinctive point of view. He leads the reader through the variety of theories that reduce the mind to aspects that can be fully explained by physics, and then concludes with his own view (...)
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  27. The Rediscovery of the Mind.John R. Searle - 1992 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37:253.
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  28. The Construction of Social Reality.John R. Searle - 1995 - Philosophy 71 (276):313-315.
  29. Proper Names.John R. Searle - 1958 - Mind 67 (266):166-173.
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  30.  25
    John Dewey's Philosophy of Spirit: With the 1897 Lecture on Hegel.John R. Shook - 2010 - Fordham University Press.
    This book shows that, far from repudiating Hegel, Dewey's entire pragmatic philosophy is premised on a "philosophy of spirit" inspired by Hegel's project.
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  31.  4
    Mind, Language, and Society: Philosophy in the Real World.John R. Searle - 1998 - Basic Books.
    Disillusionment with psychology is leading more and more people to formal philosophy for clues about how to think about life. But most of us who try to grapple with concepts such as reality, truth, common sense, consciousness, and society lack the rigorous training to discuss them with any confidence. John Searle brings these notions down from their abstract heights to the terra firma of real-world understanding, so that those with no knowledge of philosophy can understand how these principles play (...)
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  32. How to Derive "Ought" From "Is".John R. Searle - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (1):43-58.
  33.  15
    Seeing Things as They Are: A Theory of Perception.John R. Searle - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    This book provides a comprehensive account of the intentionality of perceptual experience. With special emphasis on vision Searle explains how the raw phenomenology of perception sets the content and the conditions of satisfaction of experience.
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  34.  24
    An Integrated Theory of the Mind.John R. Anderson, Daniel Bothell, Michael D. Byrne, Scott Douglass, Christian Lebiere & Yulin Qin - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (4):1036-1060.
  35. Consciousness and Language.John R. Searle - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    One of the most important and influential philosophers of the last 30 years, John Searle has been concerned throughout his career with a single overarching question: how can we have a unified and theoretically satisfactory account of ourselves and of our relations to other people and to the natural world? In other words, how can we reconcile our common-sense conception of ourselves as conscious, free, mindful, rational agents in a world that we believe comprises brute, unconscious, mindless, meaningless, mute (...)
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  36. The Logical Status of Fictional Discourse.John R. Searle - 1975 - New Literary History 6 (2):319--32.
  37. Expression and Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts.John R. Searle - 1979 - Philosophy 56 (216):270-271.
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  38.  32
    Neuroethics and the Possible Types of Moral Enhancement.John R. Shook - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):3-14.
    Techniques for achieving moral enhancement will modify brain processes to produce what is alleged to be more moral conduct. Neurophilosophy and neuroethics must ponder what “moral enhancement” could possibly be, if possible at all. Objections to the very possibility of moral enhancement, raised from various philosophical and neuroscientific standpoints, fail to justify skepticism, but they do place serious constraints on the kinds of efficacious moral enhancers. While there won't be a “morality pill,” and hopes for global moral enlightenment will remain (...)
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  39. Is Human Cognition Adaptive?John R. Anderson - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):471-485.
    Can the output of human cognition be predicted from the assumption that it is an optimal response to the information-processing demands of the environment? A methodology called rational analysis is described for deriving predictions about cognitive phenomena using optimization assumptions. The predictions flow from the statistical structure of the environment and not the assumed structure of the mind. Bayesian inference is used, assuming that people start with a weak prior model of the world which they integrate with experience to develop (...)
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  40.  54
    Literal Meaning.John R. Searle - 2013 - In Maite Ezcurdia & Robert J. Stainton (eds.), The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy. Broadview Press. pp. 249.
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  41. Is the Brain’s Mind a Computer Program?John R. Searle - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):26-31.
  42. Is the Brain a Digital Computer?John R. Searle - 1990 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 64 (3):21-37.
    There are different ways to present a Presidential Address to the APA; the one I have chosen is simply to report on work that I am doing right now, on work in progress. I am going to present some of my further explorations into the computational model of the mind.\**.
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  43.  42
    PFA Implies ADL(R).John R. Steel - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (4):1255 - 1296.
  44.  69
    The Nature Philosophy of John Dewey.John R. Shook - 2017 - Dewey Studies 1 (1):13-43.
    John Dewey’s pragmatism and naturalism are grounded on metaphysical tenets describing how mind’s intelligence is thoroughly natural in its activity and productivity. His worldview is best classified as Organic Realism, since it descended from the German organicism and Naturphilosophie of Herder, Schelling, and Hegel which shaped the major influences on his early thought. Never departing from its tenets, his later philosophy starting with Experience and Nature elaborated a philosophical organon about science, culture, and ethics to fulfill his particular version (...)
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  45.  24
    The Adaptive Nature of Human Categorization.John R. Anderson - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (3):409-429.
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  46. Minds, Machines and Gödel.John R. Lucas - 1961 - Philosophy 36 (137):112-127.
    Gödei's Theorem seems to me to prove that Mechanism is false, that is, that minds cannot be explained as machines. So also has it seemed to many other people: almost every mathematical logician I have put the matter to has confessed to similar thoughts, but has felt reluctant to commit himself definitely until he could see the whole argument set out, with all objections fully stated and properly met. This I attempt to do.
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  47. What is an Institution?John R. Searle - unknown
    When I was an undergraduate in Oxford, we were taught economics almost as though it were a natural science. The subject matter of economics might be different from physics, but only in the way that the subject matter of chemistry or biology is different from physics. The actual results were presented to us as if they were scientific theories. So when we learned that savings equals investment, it was taught in the same tone of voice as one teaches that force (...)
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  48. Consciousness.John R. Searle - 2000 - Intellectica 31:85-110.
  49.  3
    Freedom and Neurobiology: Reflections on Free Will, Language, and Political Power.John R. Searle - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Our self-conception derives mostly from our own experience. We believe ourselves to be conscious, rational, social, ethical, language-using, political agents who possess free will. Yet we know we exist in a universe that consists of mindless, meaningless, unfree, nonrational, brute physical particles. How can we resolve the conflict between these two visions? In _Freedom and Neurobiology_, the philosopher John Searle discusses the possibility of free will within the context of contemporary neurobiology. He begins by explaining the relationship between human (...)
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  50. The Intentionality of Intention and Action.John R. Searle - 1979 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-4):253 – 280.
    This article presents a sketch of a theory of action. It does so by locating the relation of intention to action -vithin a general theory of Intentionality. It introduces a distinction between ptiorintentions and intentions in actions; the concept of the experience of acting; and the thesis that both prior intentions and intentions in action are causally self-referential. Each of these is independently motivated, but together they allow suggested solutions to several outstanding problems within action theory (deviant causal chains, the (...)
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