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John McMillan [72]John R. McMillan [4]
  1.  51
    The Kindest Cut? Surgical Castration, Sex Offenders and Coercive Offers.John McMillan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):583-590.
    The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment have conducted visits and written reports criticising the surgical castration of sex offenders in the Czech Republic and Germany. They claim that surgical castration is degrading treatment and have called for an immediate end to this practice. The Czech and German governments have published rebuttals of these criticisms. The rebuttals cite evidence about clinical effectiveness and point out this is an intervention that must be requested (...)
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  2. The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Meta-Bioethics.John McMillan - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book that explains how you actually go about doing good bioethics. John McMillan develops an account of the nature of bioethics; he reveals how a number of methodological spectres have obstructed bioethics; and then he shows how moral reason can be brought to bear upon practical issues via an 'empirical, Socratic' approach.
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  3. Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The discussion of whether psychopaths are morally responsible for their behaviour has long taken place in philosophy. In recent years this has moved into scientific and psychiatric investigation. Responsibility and Psychopathy discusses this subject from both the philosophical and scientific disciplines, as well as a legal perspective.
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  4.  37
    Pandemic Medical Ethics.Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Kenneth Boyd, Brian D. Earp, Lucy Frith, Rosalind J. McDougall, John McMillan & Jesse Wall - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):353-354.
    The COVID-19 pandemic will generate vexing ethical issues for the foreseeable future and many journals will be open to content that is relevant to our collective effort to meet this challenge. While the pandemic is clearly the critical issue of the moment, it’s important that other issues in medical ethics continue to be addressed as well. As can be seen in this issue, the Journal of Medical Ethics will uphold its commitment to publishing high quality papers on the full array (...)
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  5. Defending Psychopathy: An Argument From Values and Moral Responsibility.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1):7-16.
    How psychopaths and their capacity for moral action are viewed is not only philosophically interesting but is also important and relevant for policy. The philosophical discussion of psychopathy has focussed upon the psychological faculties that are prerequisites for moral responsibility and empirical findings regarding psychopathy that are relevant to philosophical accounts of moral understanding and motivation. However, there are legitimate worries about whether psychopathy is a robust scientific construct, and there are risks attached to reifying psychopathy or other psychiatric constructs. (...)
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  6. Introduction.Guy Widdershoven, John McMillan, Tony Hope & van der Scheer & Lieke - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven, John McMillan, Tony Hope & Lieke van der Scheer (eds.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  16
    The Possibility of Empirical Psychiatric Ethics.John McMillan & Tony Hope - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 9--22.
  8.  52
    Physicians' Duties and the Non-Identity Problem.Tony Hope & John McMillan - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):21 - 29.
    The non-identity problem arises when an intervention or behavior changes the identity of those affected. Delaying pregnancy is an example of such a behavior. The problem is whether and in what ways such changes in identity affect moral considerations. While a great deal has been written about the non-identity problem, relatively little has been written about the implications for physicians and how they should understand their duties. We argue that the non-identity problem can make a crucial moral difference in some (...)
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  9.  82
    COVID-19 and Justice.John McMillan - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (10):639-640.
    John Rawls begins a Theory of Justice with the observation that 'Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought… Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override'1. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in lock-downs, the restriction of liberties, debate about the right to refuse medical treatment and many other changes to the everyday behaviour of persons. The justice issues it raises are diverse, (...)
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  10.  26
    Good Medical Ethics.John McMillan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):511-512.
    The first editorial in the Journal of Medical Ethics described an ambition to be a ‘forum for the reasoned discussion of moral issues arising from the provision of medical care’.1 While that statement of intent might seem broad, it is one that has been reaffirmed by successive editors of the journal.2–4 It is an aim that aligns with the mission statement of JME and The Institute of Medical Ethics, to promote ‘ethical reflection and conduct in scientific research and medical conduct.’ (...)
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  11. Why Be Moral in a Virtual World.John McMillan & Mike King - 2017 - Journal of Practical Ethics 5 (2):30-48.
    This article considers two related and fundamental issues about morality in a virtual world. The first is whether the anonymity that is a feature of virtual worlds can shed light upon whether people are moral when they can act with impunity. The second issue is whether there are any moral obligations in a virtual world and if so what they might be. -/- Our reasons for being good are fundamental to understanding what it is that makes us moral or indeed (...)
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  12.  46
    Psychopathy: Philosophical and Empirical Challenges.Marko Jurjako, Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2018 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 14 (1):5-14.
  13. Responsibility and Psychopathy.John McMillan & Luca Malatesti - 2010 - In Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.), Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  14.  9
    Grounded Ethical Analysis.John McMillan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):1-2.
    There’s no doubt that medical ethics should be ‘grounded’, in the sense that it aims to make a practical, normative contribution to significant ethical issues in medicine. There are a number of ways in which ethics can do that, two of which feature in this issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics. One way is by responding to significant new policy or legal developments that will have an impact on clinical practice. This issue discusses two legal developments that matter to (...)
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  15.  44
    Valuing Hope.John McMillan, Simon Walker & Tony Hope - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (1-2):33-42.
    This article argues that hope is of value in clinical ethics and that it can be important for clinicians to be sensitive to both the risks of false hope and the importance of retaining hope. However, this sensitivity requires an understanding of the complexity of hope and how it bears on different aspects of a well-functioning doctor-patient relationship. We discuss hopefulness and distinguish it from three different kinds of hope, or ‘hopes for’, and then relate these distinctions back to differing (...)
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  16.  12
    Capital, Profits and Prices: An Essay in the Philosophy of Economics.John McMillan - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (4):651-653.
  17.  9
    Responsibility for Health.John McMillan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):627-628.
    The question of whether any of us can truly be held responsible for what we do is an issue that occupied the ancient Greeks and continues to entertain our leading thinkers. Whether we can be held responsible for our health, or lack thereof, has additional layers of complexity because of the way in which what we do over time impacts our health. Those of us who have ever self-deceptively wondered about the apparent shrinking of our belt or at the fact (...)
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  18. Identity: Self and Dementia.John McMillan - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  32
    Making Sense of Child Welfare When Regulating Human Reproductive Technologies.John McMillan - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):47-55.
    Policy-makers have attempted to frame the ethical requirements that are relevant to the creation of human beings via reproductive technologies. Various reports and laws enacted in New Zealand, Canada, Australia, and Britain have introduced tests for how we should weigh child welfare when using these technologies. A number of bioethicists have argued that child welfare should be interpreted as a “best interests” test. Others have argued that there are ethical reasons why we should abandon this kind of test. I will (...)
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  20.  32
    Balancing Principles, QALYs and the Straw Men of Resource Allocation.John McMillan & Tony Hope - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):48 – 50.
  21.  8
    Parental Reasoning About Growth Attenuation Therapy: Report of a Single-Case Study.Nicola Kerruish & John R. McMillan - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):745-749.
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  22.  38
    Defending PCL-R.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2010 - In Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.), Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter we argue that Robert Hare's psychopathy checklist revised (PCL-R) offers a construct of psychopathy that is valid enough for philosophical investigations of the moral and legal responsibility of psychopathic offenders.
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  23.  19
    The Return of the Inseminator: Eutelegenesis in Past and Contemporary Reproductive Ethics.John McMillan - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2):393-410.
    Eugenicists in the 1930s and 1940s emphasised our moral responsibilities to future generations and the importance of positively selecting traits that would benefit humanity. In 1935 Herbert Brewer recommended ‘Eutelegenesis’ so that that future generations are not only protected from hereditary disease but also become more intelligent and fraternal than us. The development of these techniques for human use and animal husbandry was the catalyst for the cross fertilization of moral ideas and the development of a critical procreative morality. While (...)
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  24.  19
    Clinical Ethics Committees: Opportunity or Threat? [REVIEW]Anne Slowther, Donald Hill & John McMillan - 2002 - HEC Forum 14 (1):4-12.
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  25.  12
    Mature Minors and Gender Dysphoria: A Matter for Clinicians Not Courts.John McMillan & Colin Gavaghan - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):717-718.
    Lord Scarman’s judgment about when someone under the age of 16 years should have the right to make their own medical decisions emphasised the decision-making abilities of the particular child. He said: > …the parental right to determine whether or not their minor child below the age of 16 will have medical treatment terminates if and when the child achieves a sufficient understanding and intelligence to enable him or her to understand fully what is proposed.1 That created a duty on (...)
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  26.  19
    Human Rights: The Normative Engine of Fairness and Research in Developing Countries.John McMillan - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):47-49.
    (2010). Human Rights: The Normative Engine of Fairness and Research in Developing Countries. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 47-49.
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  27. Jaspers and Defining Phenomenology.John McMillan - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (1):91-92.
  28. Moral Responsibility, Consciousness and Psychiatry.John McMillan & Grant R. Gillett - 2005 - Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 39 (11):1018-1021.
  29. Psychosurgery.John McMillan - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  30.  12
    Pregnancy and the Culture of Extreme Risk Aversion.Angela Ballantyne, Colin Gavaghan, John McMillan & Sue Pullon - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):21-23.
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  31.  66
    Precision and the Rules of Prioritization.John Mcmillan, Tony Hope & Dominic Wilkinson - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (4):336-345.
  32.  25
    Surgical Castration, Coercive Offers and Coercive Effects: It is Still Not About Consent.John McMillan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):596-596.
    In my reply to Wertheimer and Miller's paper on coercive offers and payment for research participation1 I claim that ‘… it's not unreasonable to suppose that there is another normative aspect to these cases, over and above the voluntariness of consent. While the parents of children at Willowbrook and the millionaire's mistress might have given consent that was voluntary and informed, they are still wronged by taking up this offer…’2 Furthermore, nowhere in my paper on surgical castration do I claim (...)
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  33. Consciousness and Intentionality.Grant Gillett & John McMillan - 2001 - John Benjamins.
    This book considers questions such as these and argues for a conception of consciousness, mental content and intentionality that is anti-Cartesian in its major...
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  34.  4
    Re-Appraising Psychopathy.John McMillan - 2022 - In Luca Malatesti, John McMillan & Predrag Šustar (eds.), Psychopathy: Its Uses, Validity and Status. Cham: Springer. pp. 7-18.
    Psychopathy, as articulated in Hare’s PCL-R, appears to reliably pick out a forensic category of troubled people. This chapter considers the use and utility of PCL-R by focussing upon two interrelated questions. Does philosophical investigation direct attention toward the issues that should interest us about psychopathy? Is being diagnosed as psychopathic or having ASPD clinically useful, as well as for judicial and sentencing purposes? While the research programmes that developed following the attention paid to psychopathy are warranted, more attention could (...)
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  35.  16
    Is Corporate Money Bad for Bioethics?John McMillan - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):167-175.
    Some bioethicists are concerned about other bioethicists being paid by corporations. These concerns make sense if you have a particular view about what the most important role of a bioethicist should be. If you believe that a bioethicist should be a moral critic, attempting to expose wrongdoing, then being paid by corporations might compromise this role. It’s plausible to suppose that this can be a role for bioethicists but it’s unreasonable to insist that all bioethicists should be moral critics.
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  36.  15
    Is Corporate Money Bad for Bioethics?John McMillan - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):167-175.
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  37.  9
    Less Nonsense Upon Stilts: The Analysis of Rights in Medical Ethics.John McMillan - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (4):203-204.
    Bentham’s famous remark was a response to the assertation of natural rights that did not depend on law or some other foundation for their normative force.1 Whatever we make of that claim, it flags a problem for making and evaluating rights-based arguments in medical ethics. He wasn’t trying to say that rights are all meaningless, nor that we can readily do without them. Rather, it’s an objection to a particular way of asserting rights where they are taken to express free (...)
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  38.  5
    Futility: A Perennial Issue for Medical Ethics.John McMillan - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (10):649-649.
    While the era following the Bland decision in 19931 might be thought of as the time when concepts such as ‘futility’ were placed under pressure and scrutiny, it’s an idea that has been debated for at least forty years. In a 1983 JME commentary Bryan Jennett distinguishes three kinds of reason why Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation might be withheld: > ‘… that CPR would be futile because it is very unlikely to be successful; that quality of life after CPR is likely to (...)
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  39.  23
    Psychiatric Ethics and the Methodological Virtues of Bioethics.John R. McMillan - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):194-194.
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  40.  4
    Some Methodological Issues in Neuroethics: The Case of Responsibility and Psychopathy.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (4):681-693.
    There are some distinct methodological challenges, and possible pitfalls, for neuroethics when it evaluates neuroscientific results and links them to issues such as moral or legal responsibility. Some problems emerge in determining the requirements for responsibility. We will show how philosophical proposals in this area need to interact with legal doctrine and practice. Problems can occur when inferring normative implications from neuroscientific results. Other problems arise when it is not recognized that data about brain anatomy or physiology are relevant to (...)
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  41.  6
    Cleckley's Psychopaths.John McMillan - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):105-107.
    The drift toward behavioral accounts of the cluster of psychological and behavioral traits that were interchangeably referred to as psychopathy, sociopathy and anti-social personality is interesting and well worth exploring. Justman's correct that before the work of the Feighner group and the adoption of Antisocial Personality Disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders -III, the choice of concept did not seem to be vital and in the Mask of Sanity, Cleckley mentions all three terms and does not (...)
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  42.  4
    The Return of the Inseminator: Eutelegenesis in Past and Contemporary Reproductive Ethics.John Mcmillan - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2):393-410.
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  43.  23
    The Importance of Ethical Expertise.John R. McMillan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):799-800.
    The kind of expertise someone who specialises in ethics has, or indeed whether it makes sense to talk of moral expertise, is keenly debated and is a far from settled issue. It has been of interest to moral philosophers, partly because of the light it might shine on the nature of morality.1 2 It has also been debated within medical ethics, with some arguing against the idea that expertise in moral philosophy translates into ethical expertise and others arguing that skills (...)
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  44.  71
    Becky Cox White. Competence to Consent.John McMillan - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (2):161-166.
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  45.  18
    The Concise Argument: The Importance of Consent and Choice.John McMillan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):285-286.
    When Beauchamp and Childress articulated the necessary and sufficient conditions for informed consent, they might have thought that would be the final word on what informed consent is.1 It’s emphasis in the Belmont Report,2 the Nuremberg Code,3 the Helsinki Declaration4 and numerous codes of professional ethics seems more than sufficient for emphasising its importance. Nonetheless, its place as the central issue for medical ethics appears undiminished and Pubmed lists 6192 publications with ‘Informed Consent’ in the title since 1979. One view (...)
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  46. Public Health Research Ethics.John McMillan - 2011 - In Angus Dawson (ed.), Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 174-190.
     
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  47. Trust and Search in Vietnam's Private Sector.Stephan Haggard, John Mcmillan & Christopher Woodruff - 1996 - Centre for Economic Policy Research.
     
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  48.  18
    Psychopathy: Its Uses, Validity and Status.Luca Malatesti, John McMillan & Predrag Šustar (eds.) - 2022 - Cham: Springer.
    This book explains the ethical and conceptual tensions in the use of psychopathy in different countries, including America, Canada, the UK, Croatia, Australia, and New Zealand. It offers an extensive critical analysis of how psychopathy functions within institutional and social contexts. Inside, readers will find innovative interdisciplinary analysis, written by leading international experts. The chapters explore how different countries have used this diagnosis. A central concern is whether psychopathy is a mental disorder, and this has a bearing upon whether it (...)
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  49. Consent as Empowerment: The Roles of Postmodern and Narrative Ethics.John Mcmillan & Grant Gillett - 2002 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Donna Dickenson & Thomas H. Murray (eds.), Healthcare Ethics and Human Values: An Introductory Text with Readings and Case Studies. Blackwell.
     
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  50. Prozac, Authenticity, and the Aristotelian Mean.John McMillan - 2010 - In Matti Häyry (ed.), Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics. Rodopi.
     
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