Results for 'John Lantos Constance Dahlin'

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  1.  69
    The National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines Domain 8: Ethical and Legal Aspects of Care.H. Colby William, John Lantos Constance Dahlin & Myra Christopher John Carney - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (2):117-131.
    In 2001, leaders with palliative care convened to discuss the standardization of palliative care and formed the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care. In 2004, the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care produced the first edition of Clinical Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care. The Guidelines were developed by leaders in the field who examined other national and international standards with the intent to promote consistent, accessible, comprehensive, optimal palliative care through the health care spectrum. Within the guidelines there (...)
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  2.  5
    Book Reviews: The Last Physician: Walker Percy & the Moral Life of Medicine. John Lantos and Carl Elliot (Eds.). (1999). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 167 Pp. (Paperback). [REVIEW]Russell Kolarik - 2001 - Journal of Medical Humanities 22 (3):250-251.
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  3.  46
    Should the “Slow Code” Be Resuscitated?John D. Lantos & William L. Meadow - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):8-12.
    Most bioethicists and professional medical societies condemn the practice of ?slow codes.? The American College of Physicians ethics manual states, ?Because it is deceptive, physicians or nurses should not perform half-hearted resuscitation efforts (?slow codes?).? A leading textbook calls slow codes ?dishonest, crass dissimulation, and unethical.? A medical sociologist describes them as ?deplorable, dishonest and inconsistent with established ethical principles.? Nevertheless, we believe that slow codes may be appropriate and ethically defensible in situations in which cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is likely (...)
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  4.  7
    Special Care Medical Decisions at the Beginning of Life.John Lantos - 1986
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  5. Ethics Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experiences of Tertiary Care Pediatricians in Ethiopia.John D. Lantos & Atnafu Mekonnen Tekleab - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-6.
    BackgroundPediatricians in developing countries face different ethical dilemmas than do doctors working in settings with more resources. There are very few studies from developing countries analyzing pediatricians’ knowledge and attitudes regarding the ethical dilemmas that arise in such settings. To address this gap, we explored the clinical ethical knowledge, attitude and experience of physicians who are working in the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health of St Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Study populationAll pediatric resident doctors and pediatric (...)
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  6. Agency and Authenticity: Which Value Grounds Patient Choice?Daniel Brudney & John Lantos - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (4):217-227.
    In current American medical practice, autonomy is assumed to be more valuable than human life: if a patient autonomously refuses lifesaving treatment, the doctors are supposed to let him die. In this paper we discuss two values that might be at stake in such clinical contexts. Usually, we hear only of autonomy and best interests. However, here, autonomy is ambiguous between two concepts—concepts that are tied to different values and to different philosophical traditions. In some cases, the two values (that (...)
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  7.  17
    Special Care: Medical Decisions at the Beginning of Life. Fred Frohock.John Lantos - 1988 - Ethics 98 (2):405-407.
  8.  7
    Do We Still Need Doctors?John D. Lantos - 1997 - Routledge.
    Written with poignancy and compassion, Do We Still Need Doctors? is a personal account from the front lines of the moral and political battles that are reshaping America's health care system. Using compelling firsthand experiences, clinical vignettes, and moral arguments, John D. Lantos, a pediatrician, asks whether, as we proceed with the redesign of our health care system, doctors will -- or should -- continue to fulfill the roles and responsibilities that they have in the past. Interspersing moving (...)
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  9.  1
    Against The Spirit of System: The French Impulse in Nineteenth Century American Medicine By John Harley Warner.John D. Lantos - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (1):152-153.
  10.  11
    Our suffering and the suffering of our time.John D. Lantos - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 41 (4):197-201.
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  11. Confessions of a Medicine Man: An Essay in Popular Philosophy (Review).John D. Lantos - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):132-134.
  12. Reid, Constance. Hilbert (a Biography). Reviewed by Corcoran in Philosophy of Science 39 (1972), 106–08.John Corcoran - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):106-108.
    Reid, Constance. Hilbert (a Biography). Reviewed by Corcoran in Philosophy of Science 39 (1972), 106–08. -/- Constance Reid was an insider of the Berkeley-Stanford logic circle. Her San Francisco home was in Ashbury Heights near the homes of logicians such as Dana Scott and John Corcoran. Her sister Julia Robinson was one of the top mathematical logicians of her generation, as was Julia’s husband Raphael Robinson for whom Robinson Arithmetic was named. Julia was a Tarski PhD and, (...)
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  13.  57
    The Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Post-Managed Care Era.G. Caleb Alexander & John D. Lantos - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):29 – 32.
    The growth of managed care was accompanied by concern about the impact that changes in health care organization would have on the doctor-patient relationship. We now are in a “post-managed care era,” where some of these changes in health care delivery have come to pass while others have not. A re-examination of the DPR in this setting suggests some surprising results. Rather than posing a new and unprecedented threat, managed care was simply the most recent of numerous strains on the (...)
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  14.  8
    Intractable Disagreements About Futility.John Lantos - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (3):390-399.
    It used to be futile to try to save babies born at 23 weeks. It isn’t anymore. It used to be futile to try to keep patients with end-stage congestive heart failure alive. It isn’t anymore. Futility is a moving target. Thus, it is not surprising that doctors, patients, and families often disagree about which treatments are efficacious or futile, appropriate or inappropriate, obligatory or obligatorily withheld. The goalposts keep moving. Yesterday’s impossibility is today’s routine. Why should a patient believe (...)
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  15.  5
    SUPPORT and the Ethics of Study Implementation: Lessons for Comparative Effectiveness Research From the Trial of Oxygen Therapy for Premature Babies.John D. Lantos & Chris Feudtner - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (1):30-40.
  16.  44
    Vaccine Mandates Are Justifiable Because We Are All in This Together.John D. Lantos & Mary Anne Jackson - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):1 - 2.
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  17.  23
    Differing Thresholds for Overriding Parental Refusals of Life-Sustaining Treatment.Hannah Gerdes & John Lantos - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (1):13-20.
    When should doctors seek protective custody to override a parent’s refusal of potentially lifesaving treatment for their child? The answer to this question seemingly has different answers for different subspecialties of pediatrics. This paper specifically looks at different thresholds for physicians overriding parental refusals of life-sustaining treatment between neonatology, cardiology, and oncology. The threshold for mandating treatment of premature babies seems to be a survival rate of 25–50%. This is not the case when the treatment in question is open heart (...)
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  18.  12
    Seeking Justice for Priscilla.John Lantos - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (4):485.
    I am currently caring for a child named Priscilla who is ventilator-dependent and whose care confronted me with questions of justice. Priscilla was born at the County Hospital after a normal pregnancy to a 17-year-old single mother. At birth, she was noted to have some dysmorphic features: widely spaced eyes, low-set ears, and a cleft palate. Her chest X-ray showed hypoplastic ribs and scapulae. Her chromosome studies were normal. Eventually, a diagnosis of a rare dwarfing syndrome campomelic dysplasia – was (...)
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  19.  28
    Perceptual Constancy and the Dimensions of Perceptual Experience.John O’Dea - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 21 (2):421-434.
    Perceptual constancy, often defined as the perception of stable features under changing conditions, goes hand in hand with variation in how things look. A white wall in the orange afternoon sun still looks white, though its whiteness looks different compared with the same wall in the noon sun. Historically, this variation has often been explained in terms of our experience of “merely sensory” or subjective properties – an approach at odds with the fact that the variation does track objective features (...)
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  20.  14
    On Cultural Sanctions for Shaping Our Children's Genitalia.John Lantos - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):55-57.
  21.  6
    Muddled Measures of Risks and Misremembered Reasons.John D. Lantos & Chris Feudtner - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):4-5.
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  22.  26
    Sequencing Newborns: A Call for Nuanced Use of Genomic Technologies.Josephine Johnston, John D. Lantos, Aaron Goldenberg, Flavia Chen, Erik Parens & Barbara A. Koenig - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S2):S2-S6.
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  23.  8
    Healthcare Organizations and High Profile Disagreements.Bryanna Moore & John D. Lantos - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (3):281-287.
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  24.  35
    Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research.Jason H. T. Karlawish & John Lantos - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-.
    Equipoise is an essential condition to justify a clinical trial. The term, describes a state of uncertainty: the data suggest but do not prove a drug's safety and efficacy The only way to resolve this uncertainty is further study In many cases, a clinical trial seems to be the most efficient way to prove safety and efficacy Equipoise is therefore not an esoteric philosophic construct applied to research ethics. Rather, since it is vital for the justification of clinical trials, it (...)
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  25.  22
    Fragile Lives with Fragile Rights: Justice for Babies Born at the Limit of Viability.Manya J. Hendriks & John D. Lantos - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (3):205-214.
    There is an inconsistency in the ways that doctors make clinical decisions regarding the treatment of babies born extremely prematurely. Many experts now recommend that clinical decisions about the treatment of such babies be individualized and consider many different factors. Nevertheless, many policies and practices throughout Europe and North America still appear to base decisions on gestational age alone or on gestational age as the primary factor that determines whether doctors recommend or even offer life-sustaining neonatal intensive care treatment. These (...)
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  26.  6
    Death and the Neonate.Bryanna Moore & John D. Lantos - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (4):227-228.
    Dominic Wilkinson suggests that one of Schubert’s songs has relevance for neonatologists today. In the song, Schubert suggests that death sometimes comes as a friend. Wilkinson ponders whether the song has a message for doctors and parents, who sometimes struggle to figure out whether death is an enemy or a friend to a dying baby. Wilkinson reflects on the case of baby ‘Hal’, who was born with serious cardiomyopathy. Hal’s parents and doctors disagree about whether to withdraw life-support. Through his (...)
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  27.  9
    Best Interest, Harm, God’s Will, Parental Discretion, or Utility.John D. Lantos - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):7-8.
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  28.  13
    Informed Consent for Comparative Effectiveness Research Should Not Consider the Risks of the Standard Therapies That Are Being Studied as Risks of the Research.John D. Lantos - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (3):365-374.
    There is a debate at the highest levels of government about how to classify the risks of research studies that evaluate therapies that are in widespread use. Should the risks of those therapies be considered as risks of research that is designed to evaluate those therapies? Or not? The Common Rule states, “In evaluating risks and benefits, the IRB should consider only those risks and benefits that may result from the research.” ). By contrast, the Office of Human Research Protections, (...)
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  29.  12
    Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research.Jason H. T. Karlawish & John Lantos - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-396.
    Equipoise is an essential condition to justify a clinical trial. The term, describes a state of uncertainty: the data suggest but do not prove a drug's safety and efficacy The only way to resolve this uncertainty is further study In many cases, a clinical trial seems to be the most efficient way to prove safety and efficacy Equipoise is therefore not an esoteric philosophic construct applied to research ethics. Rather, since it is vital for the justification of clinical trials, it (...)
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  30.  4
    What We Talk About When We Talk About Ethics.John D. Lantos - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (s1):S40-S44.
  31.  8
    Treatment Decisions for Babies with Trisomy 13 and 18.Isabella Pallotto & John D. Lantos - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (3):213-222.
    Many babies with trisomy 13 and 18 die in the first year of life. Survivors all have severe cognitive impairment. There has been a debate among both professionals and parents about whether it is appropriate to provide life-sustaining interventions to babies with these serious conditions. On one side of the debate are those who argue that there is no point in providing invasive, painful, and expensive procedures when the only outcomes are either early death or survival with severe cognitive impairment. (...)
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  32.  13
    Should Extremely Premature Babies Get Ventilators During the COVID-19 Crisis?Marlyse F. Haward, Annie Janvier, Gregory P. Moore, Naomi Laventhal, Jessica T. Fry & John Lantos - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):37-43.
    In a crisis, societal needs take precedence over a patient’s best interests. Triage guidelines, however, differ on whether limited resources should focus on maximizing lives or life-years. Choosing...
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  33.  27
    It's Not the Growth Attenuation, It's the Sterilization!John Lantos - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):45-46.
  34.  14
    Costs and End-of-Life Care in the NICU: Lessons for the MICU?John D. Lantos & William L. Meadow - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):194-200.
    Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and medical intensive care units (MICUs) are both very expensive. The cost-effectiveness of NICUs has been extensively evaluated, as has the long-term outcomes of subpopulations of NICU patients. NICU treatment is among the most cost-effective of high-tech interventions. And most patients do well. There are fewer evaluations of cost-effectiveness in the MICU and almost no long-term outcome studies. Policymakers who scrutinize expensive high-tech interventions would do well to study the examples found in the NICU.
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  35.  12
    The Linares Affair.John D. Lantos, Steven H. Miles & Christine K. Cassel - 1989 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 17 (4):308-315.
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  36.  14
    Do Patients Want to Participate in Decisions About Their Own Medical Care?John D. Lantos - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):1-2.
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  37.  9
    Constance Areson Clark. God—or Gorilla: Images of Evolution in the Jazz Age. Xvi + 289 Pp., Illus, Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. $35. [REVIEW]A. Bowdoin Van Riper - 2010 - Isis 101 (1):229-230.
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  38.  14
    The Linares Affair.John D. Lantos, Steven H. Miles & Christine K. Cassel - 1989 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 17 (4):308-315.
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  39. Ethics Committees and Resource Allocation.John D. Lantos - 1994 - Bioethics Forum 10:27-29.
  40.  3
    Costs and End-of-Life Care in the NICU: Lessons for the MICU?John D. Lantos & William L. Meadow - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):194-200.
    Providing care for a baby born at 24 weeks of gestation in a neonatal intensive care unit is one of the most expensive medical treatments in the United States today. The cost can easily run over $300,000 for one baby. Furthermore, many extremely premature babies who survive are left with chronic diseases or disabilities that require further medical expenses and other specialized services throughout childhood or throughout life. When all these expenditures are totaled up, it can seem that neonatal intensive (...)
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  41.  22
    Martin John Cable, “Cum Essem in Constantie …”: Raffaele Fulgosio and the Council of Constance 1414–1415. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015. Pp. Xii, 389. $181. ISBN: 978-90-04-30481-9. [REVIEW]Bettina Koch - 2017 - Speculum 92 (4):1168-1170.
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  42.  26
    Sequencing Newborns: A Call for Nuanced Use of Genomic Technologies.Josephine Johnston, John D. Lantos, Aaron Goldenberg, Flavia Chen, Erik Parens, Barbara A. Koenig, Members of the Nsight Ethics & Policy Advisory Board - forthcoming - Zygon.
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  43.  38
    The Ethical Imperative: Myth or Reality? [REVIEW]Constance R. Heiland, John P. Daniels, Hugh M. Shane & Jerry L. Wall - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (2):119-125.
    As a result of recent legislative developments and greater ease of accessibility, the Human Resources Manager (HRM) faces the challenge of not only maintaining records but also that of protecting employees from misuse of personal information contained in their individual personnel files. The widespread use of computers for maintaining employee records has resulted in new ethical dimensions and/or challenges for the HRM. Serious questions regarding accessibility to and dissemination of such personal information now confront the HRM. Unless policies are developed (...)
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  44.  88
    Thirteen Ways of Looking at Henrietta Lacks.John D. Lantos - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (2):228-233.
    What are we to make of Henrietta Lacks? After dying at a young age more than half a century ago, she has now become immortal twice—once biologically, and once culturally.She was first immortalized when cells from her cervical biopsy were cultured and became the first immortal cell line. The idea that this made Lacks herself immortal illustrates the dangerous temptations of genetic reductionism and literary license. Such literary license is illustrated by the title of Rebecca Skloot’s remarkable 2011 bestselling book (...)
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  45.  56
    Constancy and Change.John Bunker - 1933 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 8 (2):244-244.
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  46.  15
    John Hus at the Council of Constance.Francis Oakley - 1967 - Speculum 42 (1):190-191.
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  47.  32
    The Karamazov Complex: Dostoevsky and DNR Orders.Martha M. Montello & John D. Lantos - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):190-199.
  48.  11
    The Weird Divergence of Ethics and Regulation With Regard to Informed Consent.John D. Lantos - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):31-33.
  49.  2
    Medical Ethics Through the Star Trek Lens.James Hughes & John Lantos - 2001 - Literature and Medicine 1 (20):26-38.
    Star Trek scripts have often grappled with dilemmas of medical ethics. The most explicitly medical-ethics-oriented Star Trek episode is named, aptly enough, “Ethics.” The script was written by Sara Charno and Stuart Charno, authors of two other Star Trek episodes. “Ethics” first aired on 2 March 1992. In the fall of 1992, we began to use this “Ethics” episode to motivate discussions in our first-year medical students’ course on medical ethics and the doctor-patient relationship. We asked students to write essays (...)
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  50.  16
    Pediatric Participation in Medical Decision Making: Optimized or Personalized?Maya Sabatello, Annie Janvier, Eduard Verhagen, Wynne Morrison & John Lantos - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):1-3.
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