Results for 'John E. Mattison'

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  1.  38
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  2.  13
    John E. Toews on Essays From the Edge: Parerga & Paralipomena, by Martin Jay. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):397-410.
    This review of Martin Jay’s recent published collection of essays examines his ongoing rethinking, supplementation, and revision of central themes—the negative and positive dialectics of historical totalization, the varieties and uses of conceptions of experience, the nature of visual cultures and scopic regimes, and the ambiguities of truth-construction in the public realm—that have been the focus of his major works since the 1970s. It argues that his more recent work indicates a gradual shift toward an affirmation of the kinds of (...)
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  3.  50
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  4.  34
    The Structure of Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):63-73.
    The popular belief that religion is the same everywhere or that all religions are ‘at bottom’ identical in essentials is a widespread falsehood that is saved from being completely worthless by the fact that religion does exhibit a universal or common structure wherever it appears. This structure is intimately related to the structure of human life in the world. The enduring pattern that enables us to understand religions widely separated in both time and space depends largely on the fact that (...)
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  5.  67
    Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215-244.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  6.  34
    Comments on Beth J. Singer's "John E. Smith on Pragmatism".John E. Smith - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (1):26 - 33.
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  7.  27
    Religious Insight and the Cognitive Problem: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (2):97-111.
    Despite the title, I do not intend to launch another expedition into the domain of epistemology. I wish instead to call attention to some problems which have arisen for philosophical theologians and philosophers of religion, as a result of two facts about the development of modern philosophy and its bearing on the analysis and interpretation of religious insight. Following these considerations, I shall propose in brief compass a programme for the future which I believe will prove fruitful for the philosophical (...)
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  8.  83
    The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages.John E. Murdoch - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (1):120-126.
  9.  9
    Schopenhauer on the Character of the World the Metaphysics of Will.John E. Atwell - 1995 - University of California Press.
    The most extensive English-language study of Schopenhauer's metaphysics of the will yet published, this book represents a major contribution to Schopenhauer scholarship. Here, John E. Atwell critically but sympathetically examines the philosopher's main work, _The World as Will and Representation_, demonstrating that the philosophical system it puts forth _does_ constitute a consistent whole. The author holds that this system is centered on a single thought, "The world is self-knowledge of the will." He then traces this unifying concept through the (...)
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  10. If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich?John E. Roemer - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):106-112.
  11.  93
    A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74-92.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
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  12.  8
    Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India.John E. Cort - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    This book presents a detailed fieldwork-based study of the ancient Indian religion of Jainism. Drawing on field research in northern Gujarat and on the study of both ancient Sanskrit and Prakrit and modern vernacular Jain religious literature, John Cort provides a rounded portrait of the religion as it is practiced today.
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  13.  77
    Socialism Revised.John E. Roemer - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (3):261-315.
  14.  17
    Identifying Living and Sentient Kinds From Dynamic Information: The Case of Goal-Directed Versus Aimless Autonomous Movement in Conceptual Change.John E. Opfer - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):97-122.
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  15.  40
    Ends and Principles In Kant’s Moral Thought.John E. Atwell - 1986 - Kluwer Academic Publishers [Distributor].
    As a work of a scholarship it seems to me to compare favourably with the best books on the subject, including those by Marcus Singer and Onora Nell.' Prof.
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  16.  50
    John E. Atwell, "Schopenhauer: The Human Character". [REVIEW]David E. Cartwright - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (2):315.
  17.  22
    [Book Review] Schopenhauer, the Human Character. [REVIEW]John E. Atwell - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):410-411.
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  18.  10
    Sensibility and Singularity: The Problem of Phenomenology in Levinas.John E. Drabinski - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Establishes the importance of Husserl's phenomenology for Levinas's ethics.
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  19.  38
    To: “Latest Quaternary Sedimentation in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Intraslope Basin Province: II — Stratigraphic Analysis and Relationship to Glacioeustatic Climate Change,” Hilary Clement Olson, John E. Damuth, and C. Hans Nelson, Interpretation, 4, No. 1, SC81–SC95, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2015-0111.1. [REVIEW]Hilary Clement Olson, John E. Damuth & C. Hans Nelson - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (3):Y1-Y1.
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  20.  33
    Recent Work by J. N. Findlay: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):275-282.
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  21.  33
    The Tension Between Direct Experience and Argument in Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (4):487-497.
    There is an undercurrent to be detected in Anselm's record of the meditative experience that issued in the Ontological Argument and, although it points to a profound and perennial problem in the interpretation of religion, this undercurrent has been largely ignored. The Argument, as is well known, moves entirely within the medium of reflective meaning focused on the idea of God and, unlike the cosmological arguments of later theologians, it makes no appeal whatever to a principle of causality or to (...)
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  22.  29
    The External and Internal Odyssey of God in the Twentieth Century: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (1):43-54.
    Some decades ago in his intriguing book on Jonathan Edwards, Perry Miller used to great effect the device of supposing a two-fold biography of Edwards, an external one consisting of the historical record embracing the major events of his life and times, and an internal one aimed at an interpretation of the mind of Edwards and the development of his thought.
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  23.  29
    Integrating Music Into Intellectual History: Nineteenth-Century Art Music as a Discourse of Agency and Identity: John E. Toews.John E. Toews - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (2):309-331.
    Few intellectual historians of nineteenth-century Europe would deny that the tradition of art music that evolved between the revolutionary watershed at the end of the eighteenth century and the international wars and domestic convulsions of the first half of the twentieth century—a body of musical works from Haydn and Mozart to Mahler and Strauss that has been passed down to us in canonized form as the “imaginary museum” of “classical music” —was an enormously significant dimension of European cultural and intellectual (...)
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  24.  60
    Reason, Experience, and God: John E. Smith in Dialogue.Vincent Michael Colapietro & John Edwin Smith (eds.) - 1997 - Fordham University Press.
    John E. Smith has contributed to contemporary philosophy in primarily four distinct capacities; first, as a philosopher of religion and God; second, as an indefatigable defender of philosophical reflection in its classical sense ( a sense inclusive of, but not limited to, metaphysics); third, as a participant in the reconstruction of experience and reason so boldly inaugurated by Hegel then redically transformed by the classical American pragmatists, and significantly augmented by such thinkers as Josiah Royce, william Earnest Hocking, and (...)
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  25.  33
    Neuroimaging Studies of the Cerebellum: Language, Learning and Memory.John E. Desmond & Julie A. Fiez - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):355-362.
  26.  58
    Providing Equal Educational Opportunity: Public Vs. Voucher Schools*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):291-309.
    All advanced societies maintain a commitment to equal educational opportunity, which they claim to implement through a public school system that is charged toprovide all children with an education up to a state-enforced standard. Indeed, what public schools do, even in the best of circumstances, is to provide all children with a more or less equal exposure to educational inputs, rather than to guarantee them equal educational attainment. Children, as the schools receive them, differ markedly in their docility — due (...)
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  27.  33
    A Suggested Approach to Linking Decision Styles with Business Ethics.John E. Fleming - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):137-144.
    This essay seeks to link management action with business ethics. It utilizes two conceptual models of decision making to examine the important processes of information gathering and information processing. This analysis is then related to the ethical aspects of a business decision to help explain differences in the selection of ethical criteria.
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  28. The Coherence of Omniscience: A Defense. [REVIEW]John E. Abbruzzese - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 41 (1):25-34.
  29.  81
    Kant’s Notion of Respect for Persons.John E. Atwell - 1982 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 31:17-30.
  30.  1
    Hawley’s Sūr—and Beyond: A Review Article of Recent Publications (and More) by John Stratton Hawley.John E. Cort - 2020 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 24 (1):125-142.
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  31.  36
    Scientific Forensics: How the Office of Research Integrity Can Assist Institutional Investigations of Research Misconduct During Oversight Review.John E. Dahlberg & Nancy M. Davidian - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):713-735.
    The Division of Investigative Oversight within the U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is responsible for conducting oversight review of institutional inquiries and investigations of possible research misconduct. It is also responsible for determining whether Public Health Service findings of research misconduct are warranted. Although ORI findings rely primarily on the scope and quality of the institution’s analyses and determinations, ORI often has been able to strengthen the original findings by employing a variety of analytical methods, often computer based. Although (...)
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  32.  13
    Thought and Things or Genetic Logic.John E. Russell - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (26):712-715.
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  33.  7
    Tense Logic and the Logic of Change.John E. Clifford - 1966 - Logique Et Analyse 9 (34):219-230.
  34.  35
    Authorities in Business Ethics.John E. Fleming - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (3):213 - 217.
    It is the purpose of this study to identify the most-referenced authors, works, periodicals and publishers in business ethics. A computer analysis was made of over eight hundred references taken from fifty-seven recent articles. The result is a special type of bibliography designed to conserve time for readers in this field. The two most-cited authors were Milton Friedman and Christopher Stone; while the most-referenced works were Where the Law Ends by Stone, Is the Ethics of Business Changing? by Brenner and (...)
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  35. The Significance of Dance in Nietzsche's Thought.John E. Atwell - 1984 - In Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (ed.), Illuminating Dance: Philosophical Explorations. pp. 19--34.
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  36.  10
    Distributed Representations of Structure: A Theory of Analogical Access and Mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  37.  23
    Dynamic Binding in a Neural Network for Shape Recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  38.  32
    The Poehlman Case: Running Away From the Truth. [REVIEW]John E. Dahlberg & Christian C. Mahler - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):157-173.
    Eric T. Poehlman, Ph.D., was an internationally recognized, tenured professor at the University of Vermont (UVM) in Burlington when, in October 2000, a junior member of Poehlman’s laboratory became convinced that he had altered data from a study on aging volunteers from the Burlington area. This suspicion developed into one of the most significant cases of scientific misconduct in the history of the US Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Office of Research Integrity (ORI), launching a US Department of (...)
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  39.  37
    The Accordion Effect Thesis.John E. Atwell - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (77):337-342.
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  40. A Field Theory of Consciousness.E. Roy John - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):184-213.
    This article summarizes a variety of current as well as previous research in support of a new theory of consciousness. Evidence has been steadily accumulating that information about a stimulus complex is distributed to many neuronal populations dispersed throughout the brain and is represented by the departure from randomness of the temporal pattern of neural discharges within these large ensembles. Zero phase lag synchronization occurs between discharges of neurons in different brain regions and is enhanced by presentation of stimuli. This (...)
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  41. Art as Liberation: A Central Theme of Schopenhauer's Philosophy.John E. Atwell - 1996 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Schopenhauer, Philosophy and the Arts. Cambridge University Press. pp. 81--106.
     
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  42.  6
    SOAR: An Architecture for General Intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
  43.  28
    A Symbolic-Connectionist Theory of Relational Inference and Generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  44.  8
    Guía Para Viajeros Medievales .Nilda GuglielmiPrecursori di Cristoforo Colombo: Mercanti E Banchieri Piacentini Nel Mondo Durante Il Medioevo.John E. Dotson - 1996 - Speculum 71 (4):954-956.
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  45.  39
    When Distraction Helps: Evidence That Concurrent Articulation and Irrelevant Speech Can Facilitate Insight Problem Solving.Linden J. Ball, John E. Marsh, Damien Litchfield, Rebecca L. Cook & Natalie Booth - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):76-96.
    We report an experiment investigating the “special-process” theory of insight problem solving, which claims that insight arises from non-conscious, non-reportable processes that enable problem re-structuring. We predicted that reducing opportunities for speech-based processing during insight problem solving should permit special processes to function more effectively and gain conscious awareness, thereby facilitating insight. We distracted speech-based processing by using either articulatory suppression or irrelevant speech, with findings for these conditions supporting the predicted insight facilitation effect relative to silent working or thinking (...)
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  46.  62
    "Intellectual Ahiṃsā" Revisited: Jain Tolerance and Intolerance of Others.John E. Cort - 2000 - Philosophy East and West 50 (3):324-347.
    It has been widely proposed that the Jain logical methods of linguistic analysis collectively known as anekāntavāda (manypointedness) are an extension of the Jain ethical imperative of ahiṃsā (non-harm) into philosophy as a form of intellectual tolerance and relativity--described by several scholars as "intellectual ahiṃsā"--whose genealogy and development over the past sixty-five years are given in detail. It is shown how Jains used anekāntavāda to expose the relative truth of non-Jain metaphysics, while arguing that only Jain metaphysics, which alone is (...)
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  47.  19
    A Note on Decisions, Judgments, and Universalizability.John E. Atwell - 1967 - Ethics 77 (2):130-134.
  48.  15
    By Nature Equal: The Anatomy of a Western Insight.John E. Coons & Patrick M. Brennan (eds.) - 1999 - Princeton University Press.
    What do we mean when we refer to people as being equal by nature? In the first book devoted to human equality as a fact rather than as a social goal or a legal claim, John Coons and Patrick Brennan argue that even if people possess unequal talents or are born into unequal circumstances, all may still be equal if it is true that human nature provides them the same access to moral self-perfection. Plausibly, in the authors' view, such (...)
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  49.  56
    A Communitarian Approach to Public Health.John E. Ataguba & Gavin Mooney - 2011 - Health Care Analysis 19 (2):154-164.
    This paper argues that there is a need to move yet further than has already been suggested by some from the individual to the collective as a base for public health. A communitarian approach is one way to achieve this. This has the advantage of allowing not only the community’s voice to have a say in setting the values for public health but also more formally the development of a constitution on which public health might then be built. It also (...)
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  50. A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
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