Results for 'John E. Mattison'

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  1.  57
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  2.  4
    Searching for a universal ethic: multidisciplinary, ecumenical, and interfaith responses to the Catholic natural law tradition.William C. Mattison & John Berkman (eds.) - 2014 - Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
    In this volume twenty-three major scholars comment on and critically evaluate In Search of a Universal Ethic, the 2009 document written by the International Theological Commission (ITC) of the Catholic Church. That historic document represents an official Church contribution both to a more adequate understanding of a universal ethic and to Catholicism s own tradition of reflection on natural law. The essays in this book reflect the ITC document s complementary emphases of dialogue across traditions (universal ethic) and reflection on (...)
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  3.  36
    The Structure of Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):63-73.
    The popular belief that religion is the same everywhere or that all religions are ‘at bottom’ identical in essentials is a widespread falsehood that is saved from being completely worthless by the fact that religion does exhibit a universal or common structure wherever it appears. This structure is intimately related to the structure of human life in the world. The enduring pattern that enables us to understand religions widely separated in both time and space depends largely on the fact that (...)
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  4.  29
    Review of John E. Atwell: Schopenhauer: the human character[REVIEW]John E. Atwell - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):410-411.
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  5.  18
    Distributed representations of structure: A theory of analogical access and mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  6.  40
    Comments on Beth J. Singer's "John E. Smith on Pragmatism".John E. Smith - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (1):26 - 33.
  7.  28
    Religious Insight and the Cognitive Problem: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (2):97-111.
    Despite the title, I do not intend to launch another expedition into the domain of epistemology. I wish instead to call attention to some problems which have arisen for philosophical theologians and philosophers of religion, as a result of two facts about the development of modern philosophy and its bearing on the analysis and interpretation of religious insight. Following these considerations, I shall propose in brief compass a programme for the future which I believe will prove fruitful for the philosophical (...)
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  8.  32
    Dynamic binding in a neural network for shape recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  9.  14
    SOAR: An architecture for general intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
  10.  43
    A symbolic-connectionist theory of relational inference and generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  11. Critical thinking and education.John E. McPeck - 1981 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
  12.  17
    John E. Toews on Essays from the Edge: Parerga & Paralipomena, by Martin Jay. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):397-410.
    This review of Martin Jay’s recent published collection of essays examines his ongoing rethinking, supplementation, and revision of central themes—the negative and positive dialectics of historical totalization, the varieties and uses of conceptions of experience, the nature of visual cultures and scopic regimes, and the ambiguities of truth-construction in the public realm—that have been the focus of his major works since the 1970s. It argues that his more recent work indicates a gradual shift toward an affirmation of the kinds of (...)
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  13. A pragmatic theory of responsibility for the egalitarian planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  14. The moral gap: Kantian ethics, human limits, and God's assistance.John E. Hare - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Is morality too difficult for human beings? Kant said that it was, except with God's assistance. Contemporary moral philosophers have usually discussed the question without reference to Christian doctrine, and have either diminished the moral demand, exaggerated human moral capacity, or tried to find a substitute in nature for God's assistance. This book looks at these philosophers--from Kant and Kierkegaard to Swinburne, Russell, and R.M. Hare--and the alternative in Christianity.
  15. A field theory of consciousness.E. Roy John - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):184-213.
    This article summarizes a variety of current as well as previous research in support of a new theory of consciousness. Evidence has been steadily accumulating that information about a stimulus complex is distributed to many neuronal populations dispersed throughout the brain and is represented by the departure from randomness of the temporal pattern of neural discharges within these large ensembles. Zero phase lag synchronization occurs between discharges of neurons in different brain regions and is enhanced by presentation of stimuli. This (...)
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  16.  34
    Teaching critical thinking: dialogue and dialectic.John E. McPeck - 1990 - New York: Routledge.
    This book, first published in 1990, takes a critical look at the major assumptions which support critical thinking programs and discovers many unresolved questions which threaten their viability. John McPeck argues that some of these assumptions are incoherent or run counter to common sense, while others are unsupported by the available empirical evidence. This title will be of interest to students of the philosophy of education.
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  17.  46
    Ends and principles in Kant's moral thought.John E. Atwell - 1986 - Norwell, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers [distributor].
    As a work of a scholarship it seems to me to compare favourably with the best books on the subject, including those by Marcus Singer and Onora Nell.' Prof.
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  18. The Meaning of Life in a Developing Universe.John E. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):395-409.
    The evolution of life on Earth has produced an organism that is beginning to model and understand its own evolution and the possible future evolution of life in the universe. These models and associated evidence show that evolution on Earth has a trajectory. The scale over which living processes are organized cooperatively has increased progressively, as has its evolvability. Recent theoretical advances raise the possibility that this trajectory is itself part of a wider developmental process. According to these theories, the (...)
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  19. Should marxists be interested in exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  20.  1
    Psychophysical and computational studies towards a theory of human stereopsis.John E. W. Mayhew & John P. Frisby - 1981 - Artificial Intelligence 17 (1-3):349-385.
  21.  27
    Free to lose: an introduction to Marxist economic philosophy.John E. Roemer - 1988 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism is a set of ideas from which sprang particular approaches to economics, sociology, anthropology, political theory, literature, art, ...
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  22.  7
    God's Command.John E. Hare - 2015 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This work is an exploration of divine command theory, which is the theory that what makes something morally obligatory is that God commands it.
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  23.  17
    Analogy, explanation, and proof.John E. Hummel, John Licato & Selmer Bringsjord - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  24.  8
    A Future for Socialism.John E. Roemer - 1994 - Politics and Society 22 (4):451-478.
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  25. Equality of talent.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  26.  21
    The Role of Isolation in Evolution: George J. Romanes and John T. Gulick.John E. Lesch - 1975 - Isis 66 (4):483-503.
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  27.  21
    Free versus anchored numerical estimation: A unified approach.John E. Opfer, Clarissa A. Thompson & Dan Kim - 2016 - Cognition 149 (C):11-17.
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  28.  7
    How We Cooperate: A Theory of Kantian Optimization.John E. Roemer - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    _A new theory of how and why we cooperate, drawing from economics, political theory, and philosophy to challenge the conventional wisdom of game theory_ Game theory explains competitive behavior by working from the premise that people are self-interested. People don’t just compete, however; they also cooperate. John Roemer argues that attempts by orthodox game theorists to account for cooperation leave much to be desired. Unlike competing players, cooperating players take those actions that they would like others to take—which Roemer (...)
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  29.  21
    A model of consciousness.E. Roy John - 1976 - In Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum Press. pp. 1--50.
  30.  4
    Sharing values to safeguard the future: British Holocaust Memorial Day commemoration as epideictic rhetoric.John E. Richardson - 2018 - Discourse and Communication 12 (2):171-191.
    This article explores the rhetoric, and mass mediation, of the national Holocaust Memorial Day commemoration ceremony, as broadcast on British television. I argue that the televised national ceremonies should be approached as an example of multi-genre epideictic rhetoric, working up meanings through a hybrid combination of genres, author/animators and modes. Epideictic rhetoric has often been depreciated as simply ceremonial ‘praise or blame’ speeches. However, given that the topics of praise/blame assume the existence of social norms, epideictic also acts to presuppose (...)
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  31.  18
    Elementary extensions of countable models of set theory.John E. Hutchinson - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (1):139-145.
    We prove the following extension of a result of Keisler and Morley. Suppose U is a countable model of ZFC and c is an uncountable regular cardinal in U. Then there exists an elementary extension of U which fixes all ordinals below c, enlarges c, and either (i) contains or (ii) does not contain a least new ordinal. Related results are discussed.
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  32.  60
    Husserl's position between Dilthey and the Windelband-Rickert school of neo-kantianism.John E. Jalbert - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):279-296.
  33. Time, Times, and the ‘Right Time’; Chronos and Kairos.John E. Smith - 1969 - The Monist 53 (1):1-13.
    Despite the frivolous note implied in the popular expression, ‘The Greeks had a word for it’, the literal truth is that they did! Time and again we find reflected in the terminology developed by these ancient seekers after wisdom, an attention to important distinctions and a faithfulness to the details of actual experience which are truly remarkable. The Greek thinkers had, as every classical scholar and student of Greek philosophy knows, a finely developed philosophical language, one sensitive no less to (...)
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  34. If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich?John E. Roemer - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):106-112.
  35.  27
    Distributing structure over time.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):464-464.
  36.  29
    America's Philosophical Vision.John E. Smith - 1992 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In these previously uncollected essays, Smith argues that American philosophers like Peirce, James, Royce, and Dewey have forged a unique philosophical tradition—one that is rich and complex enough to represent a genuine alternative to the analytic, phenomenological, and hermeneutical traditions which have originated in Britain or Europe. "In my judgment, John Smith has no equal today in combining two scholarly qualities: the analysis of philosophical texts with penetration and rigor, and the discernment of what it is in these texts (...)
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  37. Anti-Language in the Apocalypse of John.John E. Hurtgen - 1993
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  38.  22
    An Argument for the Principle of Indifference and Against the Wide Interval View.John E. Wilcox - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (1):65-87.
    The principle of indifference has fallen from grace in contemporary philosophy, yet some papers have recently sought to vindicate its plausibility. This paper follows suit. In it, I articulate a version of the principle and provide what appears to be a novel argument in favour of it. The argument relies on a thought experiment where, intuitively, an agent’s confidence in any particular outcome being true should decrease with the addition of outcomes to the relevant space of possible outcomes. Put simply: (...)
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  39. Infinity and continuity.John E. Murdoch - 1982 - In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 564--91.
     
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  40.  40
    Egalitarian Perspectives: Essays in Philosophical Economics.John E. Roemer - 1994 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
  41. Property relations vs. surplus value in Marxian exploitation.John E. Roemer - 1982 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (4):281-313.
  42. The neurophysics of consciousness.E. Roy John - 2002 - Brain Research Reviews 39 (1):1-28.
  43.  9
    Samuel E. Gluck, 1925-1999.John E. Ullmann - 2000 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 73 (5):247 - 248.
  44.  45
    Saussure.John E. Joseph - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    In the first comprehensive biography of Ferdinand de Saussure, John E. Joseph restores the full character and history of a man who is considered the founder of modern linguistics and whose ideas have influenced literary theory, philosophy, cultural studies, and virtually every other branch of humanities and the social sciences.
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  45.  35
    John Dewey: Philosopher of Experience.John E. Smith - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (1):60 - 78.
    Let it be clear at the outset that in reappraising Dewey's thought we have to do with no minute philosopher. In breadth of interest and range of thought he belongs with the great comprehensive thinkers of the past. And in contrast to many thinkers both in his own time and since, he had a constructive program. Philosophy for him meant more than analysis, even though analysis is an important part of the philosophic enterprise. Dewey's constructive philosophy has too often been (...)
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  46. God and Morality: A Philosophical History.John E. Hare - 2007 - Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _God and Morality_ evaluates the ethical theories of four principle philosophers, Aristotle, Duns Scotus, Kant, and R.M. Hare. Uses their thinking as the basis for telling the story of the history and development of ethical thought more broadly Focuses specifically on their writings on virtue, will, duty, and consequence Concentrates on the theistic beliefs to highlight continuity of philosophical thought.
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  47.  14
    G.E. Moore and Voluntary Actions.John E. Sweeney - 1977 - New Scholasticism 51 (2):196-210.
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  48. RNA’s Role in the Origins of Life: An Agentic ‘Manager’, or Recipient of ‘Off-loaded’ Constraints?John E. Stewart - 2021 - Biosemiotics 14 (3):643-650.
    In his Target Article, Terrence Deacon develops simple models that assist in understanding the role of RNA in the origins of life. However, his models fail to adequately represent an important evolutionary dynamic. Central to this dynamic is the selection that impinges on RNA molecules in the context of their association with proto-metabolisms. This selection shapes the role of RNA in the emergence of life. When this evolutionary dynamic is appropriately taken into account, it predicts a role for RNA that (...)
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  49.  61
    Eclectic distributional ethics.John E. Roemer - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):267-281.
    Utilitarians, maximinners, prioritarians, and sufficientarians each provide examples of situations demonstrating, often apparently compellingly, that a sensible ethical observer must adopt their view and reject the others. I argue, to the contrary, that an attractive ethic is eclectic or pluralistic, in the sense of coinciding with these apparently different views in different regions of the space of social states. I reject the view that an appealing ethic can be universally maximin, prioritarian, or utilitarian. Key Words: distributive justice • utilitarianism • (...)
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  50.  20
    Identifying living and sentient kinds from dynamic information: the case of goal-directed versus aimless autonomous movement in conceptual change.John E. Opfer - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):97-122.
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