Results for 'John E. Hummel'

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  1. Mapping hierarchical structures with synchrony for binding: Preliminary investigations.John E. Hummel Eric R. Melz & Jeff Thompson Keith J. Holyoak - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 433.
  2.  19
    Distributed representations of structure: A theory of analogical access and mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  3.  36
    Dynamic binding in a neural network for shape recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  4.  45
    A symbolic-connectionist theory of relational inference and generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  5.  56
    Symbolic Versus Associative Learning.John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):958-965.
    Ramscar and colleagues (2010, this volume) describe the “feature-label-order” (FLO) effect on category learning and characterize it as a constraint on symbolic learning. I argue that FLO is neither a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “learning elements of a symbol system” (instead, it is an effect on nonsymbolic, association learning) nor is it, more than any other constraint on category learning, a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “solving the symbol grounding problem.”.
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  6.  23
    Analogy, explanation, and proof.John E. Hummel, John Licato & Selmer Bringsjord - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  31
    Distributing structure over time.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):464-464.
  8.  44
    LISA: A computational model of analogical inference and schema induction.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 352--357.
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  9.  41
    A solution to the binding problem for compositional connectionism.John E. Hummel, Keith J. Holyoak, Collin Green, Leonidas Aa Doumas, Derek Devnich, Aniket Kittur & Donald J. Kalar - 2004 - In Simon D. Levy & Ross Gayler (eds.), Compositional Connectionism in Cognitive Science. Aaai Press.
  10. The proper treatment of symbols in a connectionist architecture.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2000 - In Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.), Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 229--263.
  11.  14
    “Effective systematicity” in, “effective systematicity” out: a reply to Edelman and Intrator.John E. Hummel - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):327-329.
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  12.  78
    Finding the Pope in the pizza: Abstract invariants and cognitive constraints on perceptual learning.John E. Hummel & Philip J. Kellman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):30-30.
    Schyns, Goldstone & Thibaut argue that categorization experience results in the learning of new perceptual features that are not derivable from the learner's existing feature set. We explore the meaning and implications of this “nonderivability” claim and relate it to the question of whether perceptual invariants are learnable, and if so, what might be entailed in learning them.
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  13.  47
    Localism as a first step toward symbolic representation.John E. Hummel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):480-481.
    Page argues convincingly for several important properties of localist representations in connectionist models of cognition. I argue that another important property of localist representations is that they serve as the starting point for connectionist representations of symbolic (relational) structures because they express meaningful properties independent of one another and their relations.
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  14.  26
    Making Probabilistic Relational Categories Learnable.Wookyoung Jung & John E. Hummel - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1259-1291.
    Theories of relational concept acquisition based on structured intersection discovery predict that relational concepts with a probabilistic structure ought to be extremely difficult to learn. We report four experiments testing this prediction by investigating conditions hypothesized to facilitate the learning of such categories. Experiment 1 showed that changing the task from a category-learning task to choosing the “winning” object in each stimulus greatly facilitated participants' ability to learn probabilistic relational categories. Experiments 2 and 3 further investigated the mechanisms underlying this (...)
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  15.  7
    An experimental and simulation study of the impact of emotional information on analogical reasoning.Ariana A. Castro, John E. Hummel & Howard Berenbaum - 2023 - Cognition 238 (C):105510.
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  16.  20
    No way to start a space program: Associationism as a launch pad for analogical reasoning.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):388-389.
    Humans, including preschool children, exhibit role-based relational reasoning, of which analogical reasoning is a canonical example. The connectionist model proposed in the target article is only capable of conditional paired-associate learning.
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  17.  21
    A theory of the discovery and predication of relational concepts.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):1-43.
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  18. A neurocomputational system for relational reasoning.Barbara J. Knowlton, Robert G. Morrison, John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):373-381.
  19.  17
    Deep problems with neural network models of human vision.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Gaurav Malhotra, Marin Dujmović, Milton Llera Montero, Christian Tsvetkov, Valerio Biscione, Guillermo Puebla, Federico Adolfi, John E. Hummel, Rachel F. Heaton, Benjamin D. Evans, Jeffrey Mitchell & Ryan Blything - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e385.
    Deep neural networks (DNNs) have had extraordinary successes in classifying photographic images of objects and are often described as the best models of biological vision. This conclusion is largely based on three sets of findings: (1) DNNs are more accurate than any other model in classifying images taken from various datasets, (2) DNNs do the best job in predicting the pattern of human errors in classifying objects taken from various behavioral datasets, and (3) DNNs do the best job in predicting (...)
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  20. Structural constraints and object similarity in analogical mapping and inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):85 – 104.
    Theories of analogical reasoning have viewed relational structure as the dominant determinant of analogical mapping and inference, while assigning lesser importance to similarity between individual objects. An experiment is reported in which these two sources of constraints on analogy are placed in competition under conditions of high relational complexity. Results demonstrate equal importance for relational structure and object similarity, both in analogical mapping and in inference generation. The human data were successfully simulated using a computational analogy model (LISA) that treats (...)
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  21.  18
    The One‐to‐One Constraint in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):797-806.
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  22.  11
    A theory of relation learning and cross-domain generalization.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Guillermo Puebla, Andrea E. Martin & John E. Hummel - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (5):999-1041.
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  23.  44
    Varieties of sameness: the impact of relational complexity on perceptual comparisons.James K. Kroger, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):335-358.
    The fundamental relations that underlie cognitive comparisons—“same” and “different”—can be defined at multiple levels of abstraction, which vary in relational complexity. We compared response times to decide whether or not two sequentially‐presented patterns, each composed of two pairs of colored squares, were the same at three levels of abstraction: perceptual, relational, and system (higher order relations). For both 150 ms and 5 s inter‐stimulus intervals (ISIs), both with and without a masking stimulus, decision time increased with level of abstraction. Sameness (...)
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  24. There is more to thinking than propositions.Derek C. Penn, Patricia W. Cheng, Keith J. Holyoak, John E. Hummel & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):221-223.
    We are big fans of propositions. But we are not big fans of the proposed by Mitchell et al. The authors ignore the critical role played by implicit, non-inferential processes in biological cognition, overestimate the work that propositions alone can do, and gloss over substantial differences in how different kinds of animals and different kinds of cognitive processes approximate propositional representations.
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  25.  15
    "A theory of the discovery and predication of relational concepts": Correction to Doumas, Hummel, and Sandhofer (2008).Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):543-543.
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  26.  32
    A Computational Account of the Development of the Generalization of Shape Information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas & John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):698-712.
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  27.  5
    Clarifying status of DNNs as models of human vision.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Gaurav Malhotra, Marin Dujmović, Milton L. Montero, Christian Tsvetkov, Valerio Biscione, Guillermo Puebla, Federico Adolfi, John E. Hummel, Rachel F. Heaton, Benjamin D. Evans, Jeffrey Mitchell & Ryan Blything - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e415.
    On several key issues we agree with the commentators. Perhaps most importantly, everyone seems to agree that psychology has an important role to play in building better models of human vision, and (most) everyone agrees (including us) that deep neural networks (DNNs) will play an important role in modelling human vision going forward. But there are also disagreements about what models are for, how DNN–human correspondences should be evaluated, the value of alternative modelling approaches, and impact of marketing hype in (...)
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  28.  79
    Why spatial-numeric associations aren't evidence for a mental number line.David H. Landy, Erin L. Jones & John E. Hummel - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 357--362.
  29.  41
    The problem with using associations to carry binding information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):74-75.
    van der Velde & de Kamps argue for the importance of considering the binding problem in accounts of human mental representation. However, their proposed solution fails as a complete account because it represents the bindings between roles and their fillers through associations (or connections). In addition, many criticisms leveled by the authors towards synchrony-based bindings models do not hold.
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  30.  17
    Sensibility and Singularity: The Problem of Phenomenology in Levinas.John E. Drabinski - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Establishes the importance of Husserl's phenomenology for Levinas's ethics.
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  31.  7
    Levinas and the Postcolonial: Race, Nation, Other.John E. Drabinski - 2011 - Edinburgh University Press.
    What can we learn from reading Levinas alongside postcolonial theories of difference? With that question in view, Drabinski undertakes readings of Gayatri Spivak, Homi Bhabha, Edouard Glissant, and Subcommandante Marcos in order to rethink ideas of difference, language, subjectivity, ethics, and politics. Through these philosophical readings, he gives a new perspective on the work of these important postcolonial theorists and helps make Levinas relevant to other disciplines concerned with postcolonialism and ethics.
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  32.  3
    Self and the World: The Religious Philosophy of Richard Kroner.John E. Skinner - 2015 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
    This book is a volume in the Penn Press Anniversary Collection. To mark its 125th anniversary in 2015, the University of Pennsylvania Press rereleased more than 1,100 titles from Penn Press's distinguished backlist from 1899-1999 that had fallen out of print. Spanning an entire century, the Anniversary Collection offers peer-reviewed scholarship in a wide range of subject areas.
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  33. God and Morality.John E. Hare (ed.) - 2007-01-01 - Blackwell.
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  34. Critical thinking and education.John E. McPeck - 1981 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
  35.  5
    Adam Smith's equality and the pursuit of happiness.John E. Hill - 2016 - [New York]: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Examines Adam Smith's main principles in Wealth of Nations as the basis for effective policymaking. Adam Smith proposed several principles that would help mitigate or eliminate some of the problems we face as a nation today. Many assume that our current laissez-faire capitalism applies his principles. But, in contrast to the libertarianism of the United States, Smith's recipe to increase everyone's wealth and happiness was justice, liberty, and equality. This book examines Adam Smith's main principles in Wealth of Nations as (...)
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  36.  2
    America Goes to College: Political Theory for the Liberal Arts.John E. Seery - 2012 - SUNY Press.
    Extols the virtue of small liberal arts colleges and the liberal arts tradition.
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  37.  5
    Glissant and the middle passage: philosophy, beginning, abyss.John E. Drabinski - 2019 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    In dialogue with key theorists of catastrophe and trauma--including Aimé Césaire, Frantz Fanon, George Lamming, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Derek Walcott, as well as key figures in Holocaust studies--Glissant and the Middle Passage hones a sharp sense of the specifically Caribbean varieties of loss, developing them into a transformative philosophical idea. Using the Plantation as a critical concept, John E. Drabinski creolizes notions of rhizome and nomad, examining what kinds of aesthetics grow from these roots and offering reconsiderations of (...)
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  38.  7
    Philosophy of mind in antiquity.John E. Sisko (ed.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    Spanning 1200 years of intellectual history – from the 6th century BCE emergence of philosophical enquiry in the Greek city-state of Miletus, to the 6th century CE closure of the Academy in Athens in 529 – Philosophy of Mind in Antiquity provides an outstanding survey of philosophy of mind of the period. It covers a crucial era for the history of philosophy of mind, examining the enduring and controversial arguments of Plato and Aristotle, in addition to the contribution of the (...)
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  39.  3
    The world of political science: a critical overview of the development of political studies around the globe: 1990-2012.John E. Trent & Michael B. Stein (eds.) - 2012 - Opladen: Barbara Budrich Publishers.
    How well is the field of political studies doing and where is it headed? Such questions are examined and answered in this broad world overview of political science, along with the advances and shortcomings, as well as the recommended prescriptions for the future decades of the new century. The book includes three world regional assessments of the discipline, along with an in-depth survey of various sub-disciplinary fields and a concluding critical essay on the future of political studies. This is the (...)
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  40.  38
    Teaching critical thinking: dialogue and dialectic.John E. McPeck - 1990 - New York: Routledge.
    This book, first published in 1990, takes a critical look at the major assumptions which support critical thinking programs and discovers many unresolved questions which threaten their viability. John McPeck argues that some of these assumptions are incoherent or run counter to common sense, while others are unsupported by the available empirical evidence. This title will be of interest to students of the philosophy of education.
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  41.  6
    Psychophysical and computational studies towards a theory of human stereopsis.John E. W. Mayhew & John P. Frisby - 1981 - Artificial Intelligence 17 (1-3):349-385.
  42.  16
    SOAR: An architecture for general intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
  43. A pragmatic theory of responsibility for the egalitarian planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  44. The moral gap: Kantian ethics, human limits, and God's assistance.John E. Hare - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Is morality too difficult for human beings? Kant said that it was, except with God's assistance. Contemporary moral philosophers have usually discussed the question without reference to Christian doctrine, and have either diminished the moral demand, exaggerated human moral capacity, or tried to find a substitute in nature for God's assistance. This book looks at these philosophers--from Kant and Kierkegaard to Swinburne, Russell, and R.M. Hare--and the alternative in Christianity.
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  45. A field theory of consciousness.E. Roy John - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):184-213.
    This article summarizes a variety of current as well as previous research in support of a new theory of consciousness. Evidence has been steadily accumulating that information about a stimulus complex is distributed to many neuronal populations dispersed throughout the brain and is represented by the departure from randomness of the temporal pattern of neural discharges within these large ensembles. Zero phase lag synchronization occurs between discharges of neurons in different brain regions and is enhanced by presentation of stimuli. This (...)
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  46. Should marxists be interested in exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  47. The Meaning of Life in a Developing Universe.John E. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):395-409.
    The evolution of life on Earth has produced an organism that is beginning to model and understand its own evolution and the possible future evolution of life in the universe. These models and associated evidence show that evolution on Earth has a trajectory. The scale over which living processes are organized cooperatively has increased progressively, as has its evolvability. Recent theoretical advances raise the possibility that this trajectory is itself part of a wider developmental process. According to these theories, the (...)
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  48. Critical Thinking and the 'Trivial Pursuit' Theory of Knowledge.John E. McPeck - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (4):295-308.
  49.  30
    Free to lose: an introduction to Marxist economic philosophy.John E. Roemer - 1988 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism is a set of ideas from which sprang particular approaches to economics, sociology, anthropology, political theory, literature, art, ...
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  50.  7
    Sharing values to safeguard the future: British Holocaust Memorial Day commemoration as epideictic rhetoric.John E. Richardson - 2018 - Discourse and Communication 12 (2):171-191.
    This article explores the rhetoric, and mass mediation, of the national Holocaust Memorial Day commemoration ceremony, as broadcast on British television. I argue that the televised national ceremonies should be approached as an example of multi-genre epideictic rhetoric, working up meanings through a hybrid combination of genres, author/animators and modes. Epideictic rhetoric has often been depreciated as simply ceremonial ‘praise or blame’ speeches. However, given that the topics of praise/blame assume the existence of social norms, epideictic also acts to presuppose (...)
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