Results for 'John D. Nagy'

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  1.  33
    : Dicing with Death: Chance, Risk and Health, by Stephen Senn. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 251 Pp. $28.00. [REVIEW]John D. Nagy - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):119-124.
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  2. Correction to John D. Norton “How to Build an Infinite Lottery Machine”.John D. Norton & Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):143-144.
    An infinite lottery machine is used as a foil for testing the reach of inductive inference, since inferences concerning it require novel extensions of probability. Its use is defensible if there is some sense in which the lottery is physically possible, even if exotic physics is needed. I argue that exotic physics is needed and describe several proposals that fail and at least one that succeeds well enough.
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  3. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle.John D. Barrow - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    Ever since Copernicus, scientists have continually adjusted their view of human nature, moving it further and further from its ancient position at the center of Creation. But in recent years, a startling new concept has evolved that places it more firmly than ever in a special position. Known as the Anthropic Cosmological Principle, this collection of ideas holds that the existence of intelligent observers determines the fundamental structure of the Universe. In its most radical version, the Anthropic Principle asserts that (...)
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  4. Challenges to Bayesian Confirmation Theory.John D. Norton - 2011 - In Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Malcolm R. Forster (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 7: Philosophy of Statistics. Elsevier B.V.. pp. 391-440.
    Proponents of Bayesian confirmation theory believe that they have the solution to a significant, recalcitrant problem in philosophy of science. It is the identification of the logic that governs evidence and its inductive bearing in science. That is the logic that lets us say that our catalog of planetary observations strongly confirms Copernicus’ heliocentric hypothesis; or that the fossil record is good evidence for the theory of evolution; or that the 3oK cosmic background radiation supports big bang cosmology. The definitive (...)
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  5. A Material Theory of Induction.John D. Norton - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (4):647-670.
    Contrary to formal theories of induction, I argue that there are no universal inductive inference schemas. The inductive inferences of science are grounded in matters of fact that hold only in particular domains, so that all inductive inference is local. Some are so localized as to defy familiar characterization. Since inductive inference schemas are underwritten by facts, we can assess and control the inductive risk taken in an induction by investigating the warrant for its underwriting facts. In learning more facts, (...)
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  6.  53
    Demythologizing Heidegger.John D. Caputo - 1993 - Indiana University Press.
    This book calls for a distinction between dangerous, elitist, hierarchizing myths such as Heidegger's and salutary, liberative, empowering myths that foster the humility of justice.
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  7.  26
    Otobiographies, or How a Torn and Disembodied Ear Hears a Promise of Death (a Prearranged Meeting Between Yvonne Sherwood and John D. Caputo and the Book of Amos and Jacques Derrida).Yvonne Sherwood & John D. Caputo - 2005 - In Yvonne Sherwood & Kevin Hart (eds.), Derrida and Religion: Other Testaments. Routledge.
  8.  22
    The Defensibility of Zoroastrian Dualism: John D. Kronen and Sandra Menssen.John D. Kronen - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):185-205.
    Contemporary philosophical discussion of religion neglects dualistic religions: although Manichaeism from time to time is accorded mention, Zoroastrianism, a more plausible form of religious dualism, is almost entirely ignored. We seek to change this state of affairs. To this end we present the basic tenets of Zoroastrian dualism, argue that objections to the Zoroastrian conception of God are less strong than typically imagined, argue that objections to the Zoroastrian conception of the devil are less strong than typically imagined, and offer (...)
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  9. Replicability of Experiment.John D. Norton - 2015 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (2):229.
    The replicability of experiment is routinely offered as the gold standard of evidence. I argue that it is not supported by a universal principle of replicability in inductive logic. A failure of replication may not impugn a credible experimental result; and a successful replication can fail to vindicate an incredible experimental result. Rather, employing a material approach to inductive inference, the evidential import of successful replication of an experiment is determined by the prevailing background facts. Commonly, these background facts do (...)
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  10.  31
    The Case of Dr. John D. Frame′s First Memory: Historical Truth and Psychological Distortion.Matthew Hugh Erdelyi & John D. Frame - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):95-99.
  11.  2
    The Material Theory of Induction.John D. Norton - unknown
    The inaugural title in the new, Open Access series BSPS Open, The Material Theory of Induction will initiate a new tradition in the analysis of inductive inference. The fundamental burden of a theory of inductive inference is to determine which are the good inductive inferences or relations of inductive support and why it is that they are so. The traditional approach is modeled on that taken in accounts of deductive inference. It seeks universally applicable schemas or rules or a single (...)
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  12.  67
    An American and a Liberal: John D. Caputo's Response to Michael Zimmerman. [REVIEW]John D. Caputo - 1998 - Continental Philosophy Review 31 (2):215-220.
  13. The Way We Reason Now: Reflective Equilibrium in Bioethics.John D. Arras - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 46--71.
    This article begins with some preliminary remarks about the general features and basic varieties of reflective equilibrium in moral reflection. It then considers a couple of preliminary doubts about this method. One of these doubts claims that the most plausible interpretation of RE is so comprehensive that it risks paralyzing our thinking, while the other claims that this same version of RE is insufficiently determinate in practical contexts and will thus fail to be sufficiently action-guiding. The article then explicates the (...)
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  14. History of Science and the Material Theory of Induction: Einstein’s Quanta, Mercury’s Perihelion.John D. Norton - 2007 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (1):3-27.
    The use of the material theory of induction to vindicate a scientist's claims of evidential warrant is illustrated with the cases of Einstein's thermodynamic argument for light quanta of 1905 and his recovery of the anomalous motion of Mercury from general relativity in 1915. In a survey of other accounts of inductive inference applied to these examples, I show that, if it is to succeed, each account must presume the same material facts as the material theory and, in addition, some (...)
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  15.  1
    The Mark of the Social: Discovery or Invention?John D. Greenwood (ed.) - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Behavior, language, development, identity, and science—all of these phenomena are commonly characterized as 'social' in nature. But what does it mean to be 'social'? Is there any intrinsic 'mark' of the social shared by these phenomena? In the first book to shed light on this foundational question, twelve distinguished philosophers and social scientists from several disciplines debate the mark of the social. Their varied answers will be of interest to sociologists, anthropologists, philosophers, psychologists, and anyone interested in the theoretical foundations (...)
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  16.  7
    Transcendence and Beyond: A Postmodern Inquiry.John D. Caputo & Michael J. Scanlon (eds.) - 2007 - Indiana University Press.
    A benchmark volume at the intersection of philosophy and religion.
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  17.  16
    An Infinite Lottery Paradox.John D. Norton & Matthew W. Parker - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-6.
    In a fair, infinite lottery, it is possible to conclude that drawing a number divisible by four is strictly less likely than drawing an even number; and, with apparently equal cogency, that drawing a number divisible by four is equally as likely as drawing an even number.
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  18.  5
    The Mystical Element in Heidegger's Thought.John D. Caputo - 2020 - Fordham University Press.
  19.  32
    Bioethics & Human Rights: Access to Health-Related Goods.John D. Arras & Elizabeth M. Fenton - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (5):27-38.
  20.  42
    A Method in Search of a Purpose: The Internal Morality of Medicine.John D. Arras - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):643 – 662.
    I begin this commentary with an expanded typology of theories that endorse an internal morality of medicine. I then subject these theories to a philosophical critique. I argue that the more robust claims for an internal morality fail to establish a stand-alone method for bioethics because they ignore crucial non-medical values, violate norms of justice and fail to establish the normativity of medical values. I then argue that weaker versions of internalism avoid such problems, but at the cost of failing (...)
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  21.  16
    Reconsidering the Grounds for Buddhist-Christian Dialogic Communication: A Review of John D'Arcy May's "Meaning, Consensus and Dialogue in Buddhist-Christian Communication"Meaning, Consensus and Dialogue in Buddhist-Christian Communication. [REVIEW]Lauren Pfister & John D'Arcy May - 1986 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 6:121.
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  22. The Hedgehog and the Borg: Common Morality in Bioethics.John D. Arras - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):11-30.
    In this commentary, I critically discuss the respective views of Gert and Beauchamp–Childress on the nature of so-called common morality and its promise for enriching ethical reflection within the field of bioethics. Although I endorse Beauchamp and Childress’ shift from an emphasis on ethical theory as the source of moral norms to an emphasis on common morality, I question whether rouging up common morality to make it look like some sort of ultimate and universal foundation for morality, untouched by the (...)
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  23.  53
    Freestanding Pragmatism in Law and Bioethics.John D. Arras - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (2):69-85.
    This paper represents the first installment of alarger project devoted to the relevance of pragmatism forbioethics. One self-consciously pragmatist move would be toreturn to the classical pragmatist canon of Peirce, James andDewey in search of substantive doctrines or methodologicalapproaches that might be applied to current bioethicalcontroversies. Another pragmatist (or neopragmatist) move wouldbe to subject the regnant principlist paradigm to Richard Rorty'ssubversive assaults on foundationalism in epistemology andethics. A third pragmatist method, dubbed ``freestandingpragmatism'' by its proponents, embraces a ``pragmatist'' approachto practical (...)
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  24.  24
    Molinism, Question-Begging, and Foreknowledge of Indeterminates.John D. Laing - 2018 - Perichoresis 16 (2):55-75.
    John Martin Fischer’s charge that Molinism does not offer a unique answer to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and human freedom can be seen as a criticism of middle knowledge for begging the question of FF -compatibilism. In this paper, I seek to answer this criticism in two ways. First, I demonstrate that most of the chief arguments against middle knowledge are guilty of begging the question of FF-incompatibilism and conclude that the simple charge of begging the question cannot (...)
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  25.  8
    Lotteries, Bookmaking and Ancient Randomizers: Local and Global Analyses of Chance.John D. Norton - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 95:108-117.
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  26. Ireland North and South: Perspectives From Social Science.D. Brewer John, Lockhart Bill & Rodgers Paula - 1999
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  27.  1
    The Ethics of Legal Coercion.John D. Hodson - 1983 - D. Reidel Pub. Co. Sold and Distributed in the U.S.A. And Canada by Kluwer Boston, C1983.
    Are all of the commonly accepted aims of the use of law justifiable? Which kinds of behavior are justifiably prohibited, which kinds justifiably required? What uses of law are not defensible? How can the legitimacy or the ille gitimacy of various uses of law be explained or accounted for? These are questions the answering of which involves one in many issues of moral principle, for the answers require that one adopt positions - even if only implicitly - on further questions (...)
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  28.  47
    The Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital Case.John D. Arras - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 73.
  29.  11
    The Fragile Web of Responsibility: AIDS and the Duty to Neat.John D. Arras - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (2):10-20.
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  30.  21
    Social Cognition, Social Neuroscience, and Evolutionary Social Psychology: What's Missing?John D. Greenwood - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (2):161-178.
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  31. Approximation and Idealization: Why the Difference Matters.John D. Norton - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (2):207-232.
    It is proposed that we use the term “approximation” for inexact description of a target system and “idealization” for another system whose properties also provide an inexact description of the target system. Since systems generated by a limiting process can often have quite unexpected, even inconsistent properties, familiar limit systems used in statistical physics can fail to provide idealizations, but are merely approximations. A dominance argument suggests that the limiting idealizations of statistical physics should be demoted to approximations.
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  32.  1
    The Mark of the Social: Discovery or Invention?John D. Greenwood (ed.) - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Behavior, language, development, identity, and science—all of these phenomena are commonly characterized as 'social' in nature. But what does it mean to be 'social'? Is there any intrinsic 'mark' of the social shared by these phenomena? In the first book to shed light on this foundational question, twelve distinguished philosophers and social scientists from several disciplines debate the mark of the social. Their varied answers will be of interest to sociologists, anthropologists, philosophers, psychologists, and anyone interested in the theoretical foundations (...)
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  33. The Sociology of Compromise After Conflict.John D. Brewer (ed.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book introduces a new and original sociological conceptualization of compromise after conflict and is based on six-years of study amongst victims of conflict in Northern Ireland, South Africa and Sri Lanka, with case studies from Sierra Leone and Colombia. A sociological approach to compromise is contrasted with approaches in Moral and Political Philosophy and is evaluated for its theoretical utility and empirical robustness with in-depth interview data from victims of conflicts around the globe. The individual chapters are written to (...)
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  34.  61
    Radical Hermeneutics: Repetition, Deconstruction, and the Hermeneutic Project.John D. Caputo - 1986 - Indiana University Press.
    "This is a remarkable book: wide-ranging, resonant, and well-written; it is also reflective and personable, warm and engaging." —Philosophy and Literature "With this book Caputo takes his place firmly as the foremost American, continental post-modernist... " —International Philosophical Quarterly "One cannot but be impressed by the scope of Radical Hermeneutics." —Man and World "Caputo’s study is stunning in its scope and scholarship." —Robert E. Lauder, St. John’s University, The Thomist For John D. Caputo, hermeneutics means radical thinking without (...)
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  35.  4
    Toward an Ethic of Ambiguity.John D. Arras - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (2):25-33.
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  36.  26
    Sequencing Newborns: A Call for Nuanced Use of Genomic Technologies.Josephine Johnston, John D. Lantos, Aaron Goldenberg, Flavia Chen, Erik Parens & Barbara A. Koenig - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S2):S2-S6.
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  37. Ethics Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experiences of Tertiary Care Pediatricians in Ethiopia.John D. Lantos & Atnafu Mekonnen Tekleab - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-6.
    BackgroundPediatricians in developing countries face different ethical dilemmas than do doctors working in settings with more resources. There are very few studies from developing countries analyzing pediatricians’ knowledge and attitudes regarding the ethical dilemmas that arise in such settings. To address this gap, we explored the clinical ethical knowledge, attitude and experience of physicians who are working in the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health of St Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Study populationAll pediatric resident doctors and pediatric (...)
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  38.  16
    Narrative and Justification in Ethics.John D. Arras - 1997 - In Hilde Lindemann (ed.), Stories and Their Limits: Narrative Approaches to Bioethics. Routledge. pp. 65.
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  39.  99
    The Future of Folk Psychology: Intentionality and Cognitive Science.John D. Greenwood (ed.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
  40. The Weakness of God: A Theology of the Event.John D. Caputo - 2006 - Indiana University Press.
    Applying an ever more radical hermeneutics, John D. Caputo breaks down the name of God in this irrepressible book. Instead of looking at God as merely a name, Caputo views it as an event, or what the name conjures or promises in the future. For Caputo, the event exposes God as weak, unstable, and barely functional. While this view of God flies in the face of most religions and philosophies, it also puts up a serious challenge to fundamental tenets (...)
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  41.  45
    Memory for Tacit Implications of Sentences.Marcia K. Johnson, John D. Bransford & Susan K. Solomon - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):203.
  42. The Dome: An Unexpectedly Simple Failure of Determinism.John D. Norton - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):786-798.
    Newton’s equations of motion tell us that a mass at rest at the apex of a dome with the shape specified here can spontaneously move. It has been suggested that this indeterminism should be discounted since it draws on an incomplete rendering of Newtonian physics, or it is “unphysical,” or it employs illicit idealizations. I analyze and reject each of these reasons. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (...)
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  43. Are Thought Experiments Just What You Thought?John D. Norton - 1996 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):333 - 366.
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 26, pp. 333-66. 1996.
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  44.  32
    Bringing the Hospital Home Ethical and Social Implications of High‐Tech Home Care.John D. Arras & Nancy Neveloff Dubler - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):19-22.
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  45. Causation as Folk Science.John D. Norton - 2003 - In Huw Price & Richard Corry (eds.), Philosophers' Imprint. Oxford University Press.
    I deny that the world is fundamentally causal, deriving the skepticism on non-Humean grounds from our enduring failures to find a contingent, universal principle of causality that holds true of our science. I explain the prevalence and fertility of causal notions in science by arguing that a causal character for many sciences can be recovered, when they are restricted to appropriately hospitable domains. There they conform to a loose collection of causal notions that form a folk science of causation. This (...)
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  46.  71
    Pragmatism in Bioethics: Been There, Done That.John D. Arras - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):29-58.
    It has often been remarked that bioethics is a quintessentially American phenomenon. Broadly speaking, bioethics as a field has tended to enshrine the value of autonomy, it places individual rights above communal well-being, and it has adopted a largely permissive and optimistic view of emerging biotechnologies. In contrast to much European thinking at the intersection of ethics and medicine, American-style bioethics has been resolutely middlebrow, eschewing grand philosophical schemes in favor of pragmatic policy-making and democratic consensus. It was, then, perhaps (...)
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  47. Bioethics &.John D. Arras & Elizabeth M. Fenton - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  48.  45
    On Religion.John D. Caputo - 2001 - Routledge.
    John D. Caputo explores the very roots of religious thinking in this thought-provoking book. Compelling questions come up along the way: 'What do I love when I love my God?' and 'What can Star Wars tell us about the contemporary use of religion?' Why is religion for many a source of moral guidance in a postmodern, nihilistic age? Is it possible to have 'religion without religion'? Drawing on contemporary images of religion, such as Robert Duvall's film _The Apostle_, Caputo (...)
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  49. A Material Dissolution of the Problem of Induction.John D. Norton - 2014 - Synthese 191 (4):1-20.
    In a formal theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by universal schemas. In a material theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by facts. With this change in the conception of the nature of induction, I argue that the celebrated “problem of induction” can no longer be set up and is thereby dissolved. Attempts to recreate the problem in the material theory of induction fail. They require relations of inductive support to conform to an unsustainable, hierarchical empiricism.
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  50.  23
    Theories of Everything: The Quest for Ultimate Explanation.John D. Barrow - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    In books such as The World Within the World and The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, astronomer John Barrow has emerged as a leading writer on our efforts to understand the universe. Timothy Ferris, writing in The Times Literary Supplement of London, described him as "a temperate and accomplished humanist, scientist, and philosopher of science--a man out to make a contribution, not a show." Now Barrow offers the general reader another fascinating look at modern physics, as he explores the quest for (...)
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