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  1.  33
    Straw Man Arguments.Scott Aikin & John Casey - 2022 - London, UK: Bloomsbury. Edited by John Casey.
    This book analyses the straw man fallacy and its deployment in philosophical reasoning. While commonly invoked in both academic dialogue and public discourse, it has not until now received the attention it deserves as a rhetorical device. Scott Aikin and John Casey propose that straw manning essentially consists in expressing distorted representations of one's critical interlocutor. To this end, the straw man comprises three dialectical forms, and not only the one that is usually suggested: the straw man, the weak man (...)
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  2.  41
    After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory.John Casey - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):296-300.
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  3.  36
    Adversariality and Argumentation.John Casey - 2020 - Informal Logic 40 (1):77-108.
    The concept of adversariality, like that of argument, admits of significant variation. As a consequence, I argue, the question of adversarial argument has not been well understood. After defining adversariality, I argue that if we take argument to be about beliefs, rather than commitments, then two considerations show that adversariality is an essential part of it. First, beliefs are not under our direct voluntary control. Second, beliefs are costly both for the psychological states they provoke and for the fact that (...)
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  4.  36
    Argumentation and the problem of agreement.John Casey & Scott F. Aikin - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-23.
    A broad assumption in argumentation theory is that argumentation primarily regards resolving, confronting, or managing disagreement. This assumption is so fundamental that even when there does not appear to be any real disagreement, the disagreement is suggested to be present at some other level. Some have questioned this assumption (most prominently, Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca, and Doury), but most are reluctant to give up on the key idea that persuasion, the core of argumentation theory, can only regard disagreements. We argue here (...)
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  5. Straw Men, Weak Men, and Hollow Men.Scott F. Aikin & John Casey - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (1):87-105.
    Three forms of the straw man fallacy are posed: the straw, weak, and hollow man. Additionally, there can be non-fallacious cases of any of these species of straw man arguments.
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  6.  18
    No Place for Compromise: Resisting the Shift to Negotiation.David Godden & John Casey - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (4):499-535.
    In a series of recent papers beginning with their “Splitting a difference of opinion: The shift to negotiation” Jan Albert van Laar and Erik Krabbe claim that it is sometimes reasonable to shift from a critical discussion to a negotiation in order to settle a difference of opinion. They argue that their proposal avoids the fallacies of bargaining and middle ground. Against this permissive policy for shifting to negotiation, we argue that the motivating reasons for such shifts typically fail, and (...)
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  7.  22
    Free Speech Fallacies as Meta-Argumentative Errors.Scott F. Aikin & John Casey - 2023 - Argumentation 37 (2):295-305.
    Free speech fallacies are errors of meta-argument. One commits a free speech fallacy when one argues that since there are apparent restrictions on one’s rights of free expression, procedural rules of critical exchange have been broken, and consequently, one’s preferred view is dialectically better off than it may otherwise seem. Free speech fallacies are meta-argumentative, since they occur at the level of assessing the dialectical situation in terms of norms of argument and in terms of meta-evidential principles of interpreting how (...)
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  8.  18
    Bothsiderism.Scott F. Aikin & John P. Casey - 2022 - Argumentation 36 (2):249-268.
    This paper offers an account of a fallacy we will call bothsiderism, which is to mistake disagreement on an issue for evidence that either a compromise on, suspension of judgment regarding, or continued discussion of the issue is in order. Our view is that this is a fallacy of a unique and heretofore untheorized type, a fallacy of meta-argumentation. The paper develops as follows. After a brief introduction, we examine a recent bothsiderist case in American politics. We use this as (...)
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  9.  20
    Morality: An Introduction to Ethics.Morality and Moral Reasoning.Bernard Williams & John Casey - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (12):334-339.
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  10.  51
    Straw Men, Iron Men, and Argumentative Virtue.Scott F. Aikin & John P. Casey - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):431-440.
    The straw man fallacy consists in inappropriately constructing or selecting weak versions of the opposition’s arguments. We will survey the three forms of straw men recognized in the literature, the straw, weak, and hollow man. We will then make the case that there are examples of inappropriately reconstructing stronger versions of the opposition’s arguments. Such cases we will call iron man fallacies. The difference between appropriate and inappropriate iron manning clarifies the limits of the virtue of open-mindedness.
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  11.  76
    Pagan Virtue: An Essay in Ethics.John Casey - 1990 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    The study of the virtues has largely dropped out of modern philosophy, yet it was the predominant tradition in ethics fom the ancient Greeks until Kant. Traditionally the study of the virtues was also the study of what constituted a successful and happy life. Drawing on such diverse sources as Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Shakespeare, Hume, Jane Austen, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Sartre, Casey here argues that the classical virtues of courage, temperance, practical wisdom, and justice centrally define the good for humans, (...)
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  12.  41
    Don't feed the trolls: Straw men and iron men.Scott Aikin & John Casey - unknown
    The straw man fallacy consists in inappropriately constructing or selecting weak versions of the opposition's arguments. We will survey the three forms of straw men recognized in the literature, the straw, weak, and hollow man. We will then make the case that there are examples of inappropriately reconstructing stronger versions of the opposition's arguments. Such cases we will call iron man fallacies.
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  13.  22
    Asking before Arguing? Consent in Argumentation.Katharina Stevens & John Casey - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-14.
    Arguments involve, at minimum, attempts at presenting something that an audience will take to be a reason. Reasons, once understood, affect an addressee’s beliefs in ways that are in some significant sense outside of their direct voluntary control. Since such changes may impact the well-being, life projects, or sense of self of the addressee, they risk infringing upon their autonomy. We call this the “autonomy worry” of argumentation. In light of this worry, this paper asks whether one ought to seek (...)
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  14. Morality and Moral Reasoning.John Casey - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:484-484.
     
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  15.  79
    Morality and moral reasoning.John Casey - 1971 - London,: Methuen.
    "Distributed in the U.S.A. by Barnes & Noble." Includes bibliographical references.
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  16.  12
    On Halting Meta-argument with Para-Argument.Scott Aikin & John Casey - 2023 - Argumentation 37 (3):323-340.
    Recourse to meta-argument is an important feature of successful argument exchanges; it is where norms are made explicit or clarified, corrections are offered, and inferences are evaluated, among much else. Sadly, it is often an avenue for abuse, as the very virtues of meta-argument are turned against it. The question as to how to manage such abuses is a vexing one. Erik Krabbe proposed that one be levied a fine in cases of inappropriate meta-argumentative bids (2003). In a recent publication (...)
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  17.  7
    Fallacies of Meta-argumentation.Scott Aikin & John Casey - 2022 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 55 (4):360-385.
    This article argues that the theoretical concept of meta-argumentative fallacy is useful. The authors argue for this along two lines. The first is that with the concept, the authors may clarify the concept of meta-argumentation. That is, by theorizing where meta-argument goes wrong, the authors may capture the norms of this level of argumentation. The second is that the concept of meta-argumentative fallacies provides an explanatory model for a variety of errors in argument otherwise difficult to theorize. The authors take (...)
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  18.  16
    Introduction: Adversariality in Argument.Katharina Stevens & John Casey - 2021 - Topoi 40 (5):833-836.
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  19.  39
    [Symposium] Anthony Robert Booth Islamic Philosophy and the Ethics of Belief.Scott Forrest Aikin, Sabeen Ahmed, John Casey, Miriam Galston, Ethan Mills & Anthony Booth - 2018 - Syndicate Philosophy.
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  20.  3
    Morality and Moral Reasoning : Five Essays in Ethics.John Casey (ed.) - 1971 - London,: Routledge.
    First published in 1971, the five essays in this book were written by young philosophers at Cambridge at that time. They focus on two major questions of ethical theory: ‘What is it to judge morally?’ and ‘What makes a reason a moral reason?’. The book explores the relation of moral judgements to attitudes, emotions and beliefs as well as the notions of expression, agency, and moral responsibility.
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  21.  3
    Morality and Moral Reasoning : Five Essays in Ethics.John Casey (ed.) - 1971 - London,: Routledge.
    First published in 1971, the five essays in this book were written by young philosophers at Cambridge at that time. They focus on two major questions of ethical theory: ‘What is it to judge morally?’ and ‘What makes a reason a moral reason?’. The book explores the relation of moral judgements to attitudes, emotions and beliefs as well as the notions of expression, agency, and moral responsibility.
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  22. The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. [REVIEW]John Casey - 2004 - The Medieval Review 12.
     
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  23.  3
    The Language of Criticism (Routledge Revivals).John Casey - 2011 - Routledge.
    First published in 1966, the Language of Criticism was the first systematic attempt to understand literary criticism through the methods of linguistic philosophy and the later work of Wittgenstein. Literary critical and aesthetic judgements are rational, but are not to be explained by scientific methods. Criticism discovers reasons for a response, rather than causes, and is a rational procedure, rather than the expression of simply subjective taste, or of ideology, or of the power relations of society. The book aims at (...)
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  24. WOLLHEIM, RICHARD "On Art and the Mind". [REVIEW]John Casey - 1975 - Philosophy 50:113.
     
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  25. T.S. Eliot: Language, Sincerity and the Self.John Casey - 1978 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 63: 1977. pp. 95-124.
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  26.  3
    Free Speech.Scott Aikin & John Casey - 2018 - In Robert Arp, Steven Barbone & Michael Bruce (eds.), Bad Arguments. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 348–350.
    This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy: free speech fallacy (FS). The FS consists in thinking one's political right to freedom of expression includes protection from criticism. Those who commit this fallacy allege that critical scrutiny is either tantamount to censorship or equivalent to the imposition of one's views on others. The error in the fallacy is that the freedom of expression includes critical expressions. The trouble with the argument is that freedom of expression does (...)
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  27.  26
    The Autonomy of Art.John Casey - 1972 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 6:65-87.
    In his Aesthetic Croce makes some remarks upon the subject of sincerity: Artists protest vainly: ‘Lasciva est nobis pagina, vita proba’. They are merely taxed with lying and hypocrisy. How far more prudent you were, poor women of Verona, when you founded your belief that Dante had really descended to Hell upon his blackened countenance. Yours was at any rate an historical conjecture.
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  28.  42
    You Would Sing Another Tune.Collin Anderson, Scott Aiken & John Casey - 2012 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 27 (1):39-46.
    A special version of arguments from hypocrisy, those known as tu quoque arguments, is introduced and developed. These are arguments from what one’s opponent would do, were conditions different, so they are what we call subjunctive tu quoque arguments. Arguments of this form are regularly taken to be fallacious, but the authors discuss conditions for determining when hypothetical inconsistency is genuinely relevant to criticizing a speaker’s assertion or proposed action and when it is not relevant.
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  29.  2
    Straw Man.Scott Aikin & John Casey - 2018 - In Robert Arp, Steven Barbone & Michael Bruce (eds.), Bad Arguments. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 223–226.
    This chapter deals with one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy called “Straw Man”. How one can straw man someone's view or argument happens in many ways. The chapter focuses on three ways. The first is the representational straw man fallacy. The second form of the straw man fallacy is that of the selectional straw man, or better the weak man. The third is what we will call the hollow man. The straw manning requires a form of misrepresentation of (...)
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  30.  61
    Emotion and imagination.John Casey - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (134):1-14.
  31.  19
    Collection and dissemination of fisheries data in support of the EU Common Fisheries Policy.Hendrik Dörner, John Casey, Natacha Carvalho, Dimitrios Damalas, Norman Graham, Jordi Guillen, Steven J. Holmes, Fabrizio Natale, Giacomo C. Osio, Hans-Joachim Rätz, Cristina Ribeiro & Paraskevas Vasilakopoulos - 2018 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 18:15-25.
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  32.  5
    What I Fear About Living Most Is Wasting My Time.John Casey - 2022 - Southwest Philosophy Review 38 (2):9-11.
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  33.  14
    Commentary on: David Botting's "Interpretative dilemmas".John Casey - unknown
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  34.  14
    No Title available: New Books. [REVIEW]John Casey - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (191):113-117.
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  35.  11
    The Autonomy of Art.John Casey - 1972 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 6:65-87.
    In his Aesthetic Croce makes some remarks upon the subject of sincerity:Artists protest vainly: ‘Lasciva est nobis pagina, vita proba’. They are merely taxed with lying and hypocrisy. How far more prudent you were, poor women of Verona, when you founded your belief that Dante had really descended to Hell upon his blackened countenance. Yours was at any rate an historical conjecture.
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  36.  11
    The Language of Criticism.F. Cioffi & John Casey - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (68):282.
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  37. Philosopher of practice.John Casey - 1993 - In Jesse Norman (ed.), The Achievement of Michael Oakeshott. Duckworth.
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  38.  9
    On Art and the Mind By Richard Wollheim Allen Lane, 1973, 340 pp., £6. [REVIEW]John Casey - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (191):113-.
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  39.  24
    Alasdair McIntyre, "After Virtue".John Casey - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (32):296.
  40.  18
    The Noble.John Casey - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 16:135-153.
    We can try to imagine a people who in circumstances of hardship and danger—in hunting and warfare, for instance—show endurance, persistence, indifference to pain, and an unflinching readiness to accept death. Yet it may be that these qualities do not have any important place in their picture of themselves. Their courage is simply something they take for granted and it does not go with any practice of praise and blame. They are not proud of themselves when they act bravely, nor (...)
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  41.  3
    The Language of Criticism.John Casey - 1966 - Philosophy 43 (163):65-67.
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  42.  22
    Review: After Virtue. [REVIEW]John Casey - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):296 - 300.
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  43.  12
    The Noble.John Casey - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 16:135-153.
    We can try to imagine a people who in circumstances of hardship and danger—in hunting and warfare, for instance—show endurance, persistence, indifference to pain, and an unflinching readiness to accept death. Yet it may be that these qualities do not have any important place in their picture of themselves. Their courage is simply something they take for granted and it does not go with any practice of praise and blame. They are not proud of themselves when they act bravely, nor (...)
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