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Johanna Oksala
Loyola University, Chicago
  1.  22
    Feminist experiences: Foucauldian and phenomenological investigations.Johanna Oksala - 2016 - Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
    How is feminist metaphysics possible? -- In defense of experience -- Foucault and experience -- The problem of language -- A phenomenology of birth -- A phenomenology of gender -- The neoliberal subject of feminism -- Feminism and neoliberal governmentality -- Feminist politics of inheritance.
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  2.  36
    The method of critical phenomenology: Simone de Beauvoir as a phenomenologist.Johanna Oksala - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):137-150.
    The paper aims to contribute to the ongoing conversation on critical phenomenology with reflections on its method. The key argument is that critical phenomenology should be understood as a form of historico-transcendental inquiry and therefore it cannot forgo the phenomenological reduction. Rather, this methodological step should be centered in critical phenomenology, and appropriated in problematized and rethought forms. The methodological assessment of critical phenomenology has implications also for how we read its canon. The paper shows that while Simone de Beauvoir (...)
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  3.  23
    The method of critical phenomenology: Simone de Beauvoir as a phenomenologist.Johanna Oksala - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):137-150.
    The paper aims to contribute to the ongoing conversation on critical phenomenology with reflections on its method. The key argument is that critical phenomenology should be understood as a form of historico-transcendental inquiry and therefore it cannot forgo the phenomenological reduction. Rather, this methodological step should be centered in critical phenomenology, and appropriated in problematized and rethought forms. The methodological assessment of critical phenomenology has implications also for how we read its canon. The paper shows that while Simone de Beauvoir (...)
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  4.  74
    Foucault on Freedom.Johanna Oksala - 2005 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Freedom and the subject were guiding themes for Michel Foucault throughout his philosophical career. In this clear and comprehensive analysis of his thought, Johanna Oksala identifies the different interpretations of freedom in his philosophy and examines three major divisions of it: the archaeological, the genealogical, and the ethical. She shows convincingly that in order to appreciate Foucault's project fully we must understand his complex relationship to phenomenology, and she discusses Foucault's treatment of the body in relation to recent feminist work (...)
  5.  37
    Foucault, Politics, and Violence: A Response to Jana Sawicki and Kevin Thompson.Johanna Oksala - 2014 - Philosophy Today 58 (2):297-307.
    In her book, Oksala shows that the arguments for the ineliminability of violence from the political are often based on excessively broad, ontological conceptions of violence distinct from its concrete and physical meaning and, on the other hand, on a restrictively narrow and empirical understanding of politics as the realm of conventional political institutions.
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  6. A phenomenology of gender.Johanna Oksala - 2006 - Continental Philosophy Review 39 (3):229-244.
    The article asks how phenomenology, understood as a philosophical method of investigation, can account for gender. Despite the fact that it has provided useful tools for feminist inquiry, the question remains how gender can be studied within the paradigm of a philosophy of a subject. The article explicates four different understandings of phenomenology and assesses their respective potential in terms of theorizing gender: a classical reading, a corporeal reading, an intersubjective reading and a post-phenomenological reading. It concludes by arguing that (...)
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  7.  87
    Foucault, Politics, and Violence.Johanna Oksala - 2011 - Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press.
    In her book, Oksala shows that the arguments for the ineliminability of violence from the political are often based on excessively broad, ontological conceptions of violence distinct from its concrete and physical meaning and, on the other hand, on a restrictively narrow and empirical understanding of politics as the realm of conventional political institutions.
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  8.  36
    In Defense of Experience.Johanna Oksala - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (2):388-403.
    This article studies our philosophical understanding of experience in order to question the current political and theoretical dismissal of experiential accounts in feminist theory. The focus is on Joan Scott's critique of experience, but the philosophical issues animating the discussion go beyond Scott's work and concern the future of feminist theory and politics more generally. I ask what it means for feminist theory to redefine experience as a linguistic event the way Scott suggests. I attempt to demonstrate that the consequences (...)
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  9.  43
    Violence and the Biopolitics of Modernity.Johanna Oksala - 2010 - Foucault Studies 10:23-43.
    The paper studies the relationship between political violence and biological life in the thought of Hannah Arendt, Giorgio Agamben and Michel Foucault. I follow Foucault in arguing that understanding political violence in modernity means rethinking the ontological boundary between biological and political life that has fundamentally ordered the Western tradition of political thought. I show that while Arendt, Agamben and Foucault all see the merging of the categories of life and politics as the key problem of Modernity, they understand this (...)
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  10. Foucault’s politicization of ontology.Johanna Oksala - 2010 - Continental Philosophy Review 43 (4):445-466.
    The paper explicates a politicized conception of reality with the help of Michel Foucault’s critical project. I contend that Foucault’s genealogies of power problematize the relationship between ontology and politics. His idea of productive power incorporates a radical, ontological claim about the nature of reality: Reality as we know it is the result of social practices and struggles over truth and objectivity. Rather than translating the true ontology into the right politics, he reverses the argument. The radicality of his method (...)
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  11.  87
    Sexual Experience: Foucault, Phenomenology, and Feminist Theory.Johanna Oksala - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (1):207-223.
    This paper explicates Foucault's conception of experience and defends it as an important theoretical resource for feminist theory. It analyzes Linda Alcoff's devastating critique of Foucault's account of sexuality and her reasons for advocating phenomenology as a more viable alternative. I agree with her that a philosophically sophisticated understanding of experience must remain central for feminist theory, but I demonstrate that her critique of Foucault is based on a mistaken view of his philosophical position as well as on a problematic (...)
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  12. Anarchic bodies: Foucault and the feminist question of experience.Johanna Oksala - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (4):97-119.
    : The article shows that Michel Foucault's account of the sexual body is not a naïve return to a prediscursive body, nor does it amount to discourse reductionism and to the exclusion of experience, as some feminists have argued. Instead, Foucault's idea of bodies and pleasures as a possibility of the counterattack against normalizing power presupposes an experiential understanding of the body. The experiential body can become a locus of resistance because it is the possibility of an unpredictable event.
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  13.  31
    What is feminist phenomenology? Thinking birth philosophically.Johanna Oksala - 2004 - Radical Philosophy 126:16-22.
  14.  13
    The Neoliberal Subject of Feminism.Johanna Oksala - 2011 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 42 (1):104-120.
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  15.  35
    Foucault, Husserl and the philosophical roots of German neoliberalism.Johanna Oksala - 2016 - Continental Philosophy Review 49 (1):115-126.
    The article investigates and vindicates the surprising claim Foucault makes in his lecture series The Birth of Biopolitics that the philosophical roots of post-war German neoliberalism lie in Husserl’s phenomenology. I study the similarities between Husserl’s phenomenology and Walter Eucken’s economic theory and examine the way that Husserl’s idea of the historical a priori assumes a determinate role in Eucken’s economic thinking. I also return to Foucault’s lectures in order to show how a version of the historical a priori continues (...)
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  16.  50
    Feminism and Neoliberal Governmentality.Johanna Oksala - 2013 - Foucault Studies 16:32-53.
    The article investigates the consequences for feminist politics of the neoliberal turn. Feminist scholars have analysed the political changes in the situation of women that have been brought about by neoliberalism, but their assessments of neoliberalism’s consequences for feminist theory and politics vary. Feminist thinkers such as Hester Eisenstein and Sylvia Walby have argued that feminism must now return its focus to socialist politics and foreground economic questions of redistribution in order to combat the hegemony of neoliberalism. Some have further (...)
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  17.  30
    Anarchic Bodies: Foucault and the Feminist Question of Experience.Johanna Oksala - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (4):99-121.
    The article shows that Michel Foucault's account of the sexual body is not a naive return to a prediscursive body, nor does it amount to discourse reductionism and to the exclusion of experience, as some feminists have argued. Instead, Foucault's idea of bodies and pleasures as a possibility of the counterattack against normalizing power presupposes an experiential understanding of the body. The experiential body can become a locus of resistance because it is the possibility of an unpredictable event.
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  18.  57
    Feminism, Capitalism, and Ecology.Johanna Oksala - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):216-234.
    This article critically assesses the different ways of theoretically connecting feminism, capitalism, and ecology. I take the existing tradition of socialist ecofeminism as my starting point and outline two different ways that the connections among capitalism, the subordination of women, and the destruction of the environment have been made in this literature: materialist ecofeminism and Marxist ecofeminism. I will demonstrate the political and theoretical advantages of these positions in comparison to some of the earlier forms of theorizing the relationship between (...)
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  19.  80
    How to read Foucault.Johanna Oksala - 2008 - New York: W. W. Norton & Co..
    Introduction -- The freedom of philosophy -- Reason and madness -- The death of man -- The anonymity of literature -- From archaeology to genealogy -- The prison -- Repressed sexuality -- A true sex -- Political power, rationality, and critique -- Practices of the self.
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  20.  40
    The Existential Threat of Climate Change.Johanna Oksala - 2023 - Environmental Philosophy 20 (2):191-214.
    The article analyzes the experience of climate anxiety. The investigation is phenomenological in the sense that I will attempt to show that contemporary climate anxiety has a distinctive structure and philosophical meaning, which make it different from both psychological anxiety and existential anxiety, as commonly understood. I will also draw out the consequences of my phenomenological analysis for climate politics. My contention is that forms of prefigurative climate politics can respond to the profound disorientation and apathy regarding our future and (...)
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  21.  31
    Sex, Breath, and Force: Sexual Difference in a Post-Feminist Era.Jodi Dean, Cathrine Egeland, Elizabeth Grosz, Sara Heinämaa, Lisa Käll, Johanna Oksala, Kelly Oliver, Tiina Rosenberg, Kristin Sampson & Vigdis Songe-Møller - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    This collection of essays provides a reassessment of the question of sexual difference, taking into account important shifts in feminist thought, post-humanist theories, and queer studies. The contributors offer new and refreshing insights into the complex question of sexual difference from a post-feminist perspective, and how it is reformulated in various related areas of study, such as ontology, epistemology, metaphysics, biology, technology, and mass-media.
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  22.  12
    Phenomenology and Critique.Daphne Pons, Andrew Krema & Johanna Oksala - 2023 - Puncta 6 (2):1-5.
    Introduction to the special issue "Phenomenology and Critique.".
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  23.  29
    Neoliberal Subjectivation: Between Foucault and Marx.Johanna Oksala - 2023 - Critical Inquiry 49 (4):581-604.
    This article defends the theoretical centrality of Michel Foucault’s account of subjectivation for critical responses to neoliberalism against those Marxist critics who claim that his focus on the subject pushed the Left into the fraught terrain of identity politics. A key contention is that a theoretically sophisticated account of subjectivation is a requisite for any philosophically coherent and politically effective theorization of resistance against neoliberalism. Critical accounts of neoliberal subjectivation must be recognized as indispensable for understanding the conditions of possibility (...)
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  24.  24
    Political Philosophy in the Era of Climate Change.Johanna Oksala - 2016 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 37 (1):51-70.
  25.  64
    The Management of State Violence.Johanna Oksala - 2007 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 28 (2):53-66.
  26.  17
    The Management of State Violence.Johanna Oksala - 2007 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 28 (2):53-66.
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  27.  1
    Feminism against neoliberalism : questioning the political with Wendy Brown.Johanna Oksala - 2022 - In Amy Allen & Eduardo Mendieta (eds.), Power, neoliberalism, and the reinvention of politics: the critical theory of Wendy Brown. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 101-120.
  28.  8
    From Biopower to Governmentality.Johanna Oksala - 2013 - In Christopher Falzon, Timothy O'Leary & Jana Sawicki (eds.), A Companion to Foucault. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 320–336.
    This chapter discusses Foucault's conceptualizations of power‐biopower, pastoral power, and governmentality developed mainly in his lecture courses at the College de France in the late 1970s. It also explicates his analysis of liberal and neoliberal governmentality central in these lectures‐the forms of governmentality that he saw as specific to modern Western societies. Foucault did not intend these lectures to be published‐they have only been published posthumously‐and he regarded the arguments and ideas central in them as working hypotheses. The demands of (...)
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  29.  14
    Feminist experiences: a response to Smaranda Aldea and Amy Allen.Johanna Oksala - 2019 - Continental Philosophy Review 52 (1):135-142.
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  30. Foucault, fenomenologin och filosofins uppgift.Johanna Oksala - 2001 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2.
  31. From the Death of the Author to the Freedom of Language: Foucault on Literature.Johanna Oksala - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 79:191.
     
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  32.  6
    How is feminist metaphysics possible? A Foucauldian intervention.Johanna Oksala - 2011 - Feminist Theory 12 (3):281-296.
    The article defends the importance of metaphysical inquiry in feminist philosophy and interrogates possible directions for such a project. A key aim is questioning the possibility of revisionary metaphysics as well as emphasising the consequences of the linguistic turn for any such project. I argue that before we can embark on any metaphysical inquiry – feminist or otherwise – we are doomed to repeating Immanuel Kant's monumental question of how is metaphysics possible? I then ask how metaphysics is understood in (...)
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  33.  4
    Lines of Fragility: A Foucaultian Critique of Violence.Johanna Oksala - 2011 - In Nathan Eckstrand & Christopher S. Yates (eds.), Philosophy and the Return of Violence: Studies From This Widening Gyre. Continuum International Publishing Group.
  34.  8
    Neoliberal Bodies and Normative Femininity.Johanna Oksala - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 65:55-60.
    The paper discusses the disciplinary production of the normative feminine body and analyses the shift that has taken place in the rationality underpinning our current techniques of gender. I argue that Foucault’s radical intervention in feminist philosophy, and more generally in the philosophy of the body, has been the crucial claim that any analysis of embodiment must recognize how power relations are constitutive of the embodied subjects involved in them. His studies of disciplinary technologies show how bodies are constructed through (...)
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  35.  9
    Philosophy in a Time of Pandemic.Johanna Oksala - 2020 - Philosophy Today 64 (4):895-899.
    Philosophy in a time of a pandemic should insist that it is critically important to get to the root causes of the pandemic, and not merely react to its symptoms. The ultimate reason for this pandemic is our relentless destruction of nature and the merciless exploitation of animals.
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  36.  7
    Reply to Beata Stawarska.Johanna Oksala - 2019 - Puncta 2 (1):42-49.
    Reply to Stawarska's review in this issue.
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  37.  25
    Violence and Neoliberal Governmentality.Johanna Oksala - 2011 - Constellations 18 (3):474-486.
  38.  4
    Review of Daniele Lorenzini: The Force of Truth: Critique, Genealogy, and Truth-Telling in Michel Foucault[REVIEW]Johanna Oksala - 2024 - Critical Inquiry 50 (3):578-579.
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  39.  20
    Review of Marc djaballah, Kant, Foucault, and Forms of Experience[REVIEW]Johanna Oksala - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (1).
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