Results for 'Johan Cruijff'

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  1.  6
    Bookreviews.P. C. Beentjes, Bart J. Koet, Joke H. A. Brinkhof, Henk Witte, Rob Faesen, Ton Meijers, Johan Cruijff, Willem Marie Speelman, Koenraad Verrycken, Sven Braspenning, G. Van Eekert, M. Moyaert, Frank G. Bosman, Walter Van Herck, Petér Losonczi, Nico Schreurs, Petér Reynaert & Edwin Koster - 2009 - Bijdragen 70 (4):470-493.
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  2. The Challenge of Evolution to Religion.Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element focuses on three challenges of evolution to religion: teleology, human origins, and the evolution of religion itself. First, religious worldviews tend to presuppose a teleological understanding of the origins of living things, but scientists mostly understand evolution as non-teleological. Second, religious and scientific accounts of human origins do not align in a straightforward sense. Third, evolutionary explanations of religion, including religious beliefs and practices, may cast doubt on their justification. We show how these tensions arise and offer potential (...)
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  3.  3
    Distinction between euthanasia and palliative sedation is clear-cut.Lars Johan Materstvedt - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):55-56.
    This article is a response to Thomas David Riisfeldt’s paper entitled ‘Weakening the ethical distinction between euthanasia, palliative opioid use and palliative sedation’. It is shown that as far as euthanasia and palliative sedation are concerned, Riisfeldt has not established that a common ground, or a similarity, between the two is the relief of suffering. Quite the contrary, this is not characteristic of euthanasia, neither by definition nor from a clinical point of view. Hence, the argument hinges on a conceptually (...)
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  4.  17
    Handbook of Modal Logic.Patrick Blackburn, Johan van Benthem & Frank Wolter (eds.) - 2006 - Elsevier.
    The Handbook of Modal Logic contains 20 articles, which collectively introduce contemporary modal logic, survey current research, and indicate the way in which the field is developing. The articles survey the field from a wide variety of perspectives: the underling theory is explored in depth, modern computational approaches are treated, and six major applications areas of modal logic (in Mathematics, Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, Game Theory, and Philosophy) are surveyed. The book contains both well-written expository articles, suitable for beginners (...)
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  5.  14
    Modal Logic for Open Minds -.Johan van Benthem - 2010 - Stanford, CA, USA: Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    In _Modal Logic for Open Minds,_ Johan van Benthem provides an up-to-date introduction to the field of modal logic, outlining its major ideas and exploring the numerous ways in which various academic fields have adopted it. Van Benthem begins with the basic theories of modal logic, semantics, bisimulation, and axiomatics, and also covers more advanced topics, such as expressive power and computational complexity. The book then moves to a wide range of applications, including new developments in information flow, intelligent (...)
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  6.  13
    Judgment ascriptions.Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2009 - Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (4):327-352.
    Some propositional attitude verbs require that the complement contain some “subjective predicate”. In terms of the theory proposed by Lasersohn, these verbs would seem to identify the “judge” of the embedded proposition with the matrix subject, and there have been suggestions in this direction. I show that it is possible to analyze these verbs as setting the judge and doing nothing more; then according to whether a judge index or a judge argument is assumed, unless the complement contains a subjective (...)
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  7. Is intuitive teleological reasoning promiscuous?Johan de Smedt & Helen de Cruz - 2019 - In William Gibson, Dan O'Brien & Marius Turda (eds.), Teleology and Modernity. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 185-202.
    Humans have a tendency to reason teleologically. This tendency is more pronounced under time pressure, in people with little formal schooling and in patients with Alzheimer’s. This has led some cognitive scientists of religion, notably Kelemen, to call intuitive teleological reasoning promiscuous, by which they mean teleology is applied to domains where it is unwarranted. We examine these claims using Kant’s idea of the transcendental illusion in the first Critique and his views on the regulative function of teleological reasoning in (...)
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  8.  17
    Ghosts, Murderers, and the Semantics of Descriptions.Anders Johan Schoubye - 2011 - Noûs 47 (3):496-533.
    It is widely agreed that sentences containing a non-denoting description embedded in the scope of a propositional attitude verb have true de dicto interpretations, and Russell's (1905) analysis of definite descriptions is often praised for its simple analysis of such cases, cf. e.g. Neale (1990). However, several people, incl. Elbourne (2005, 2009), Heim (1991), and Kripke (2005), have contested this by arguing that Russell's analysis yields incorrect predictions in non-doxastic attitude contexts. Heim and Elbourne have subsequently argued that once certain (...)
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  9. Cognitive science of religion and the nature of the divine: A pluralist non-confessional approach.Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz - 2019 - In Jerry L. Martin (ed.), Theology without walls: The transreligious imperative. Taylor and Francis. pp. 128-137.
    According to cognitive science of religion (CSR) people naturally veer toward beliefs that are quite divergent from Anselmian monotheism or Christian theism. Some authors have taken this view as a starting point for a debunking argument against religion, while others have tried to vindicate Christian theism by appeal to the noetic effects of sin or the Fall. In this paper, we ask what theologians can learn from CSR about the nature of the divine, by looking at the CSR literature and (...)
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  10.  3
    Why the human brain is not an enlarged chimpanzee brain.Johan De Smedt, Helen De Cruz & Johan Braeckman - 2009 - In H. Høgh-Olesen, J. Tønnesvang & P. Bertelsen (eds.), Human Characteristics: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Mind and Kind. pp. 168-181.
    Following Darwin, many comparative psychologists assume that the human mind is a kind of ape mind, differing only in degree from the extant apes – we call this the mental continuity assumption. However, the continuity principle in evolutionary theory does not posit continuity between extant closely related species, but between extant species and their extinct ancestors. Thus, it is possible that some human cognitive capacities have no parallels in extant apes, but that they emerged in extinct hominid species after the (...)
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  11.  11
    Using Insights in Sen’s Capability Approach to Overcome Empirical Development Ethics Research Designing and Execution Challenges.Almas Mazigo & Johan Hattingh - 2020 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:45-65.
    _In this paper, we support the adoption of an empirical approach in development ethics research and show that the theoretical insights and methodological guidelines in Sen’s capability approach can offer helpful guidance to development ethicists on designing and execution of such research. To this end, we show how specific insights in the CA guide one to identify and engage with relevant stakeholders in extensive dialogues about the ethical issues underlying their development practices and in gathering empirical data for further ethical (...)
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  12.  5
    Forgoing Treatment at the End of Life in 6 European Countries.Georg Bosshard, Tore Nilstun, Johan Bilsen, Michael Norup, Guido Miccinesi, Johannes J. M. van Delden, Karin Faisst, Agnes van der Heide & for the European End-of-Life - 2005 - JAMA Internal Medicine 165 (4):401-407.
    Modern medicine provides unprecedented opportunities in diagnostics and treatment. However, in some situations at the end of a patient’s life, many physicians refrain from using all possible measures to prolong life. We studied the incidence of different types of treatment withheld or withdrawn in 6 European countries and analyzed the main background characteristics.
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  13.  13
    Empirically Engaged Evolutionary Ethics. Synthese Library.Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz (eds.) - 2021 - Springer - Synthese Library.
    A growing body of evidence from the sciences suggests that our moral beliefs have an evolutionary basis. To explain how human morality evolved, some philosophers have called for the study of morality to be naturalized, i.e., to explain it in terms of natural causes by looking at its historical and biological origins. The present literature has focused on the link between evolution and moral realism: if our moral beliefs enhance fitness, does this mean they track moral truths? In spite of (...)
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  14.  10
    Reports of Specific Indefinites.Kjell Johan Sæbø - forthcoming - Journal of Semantics.
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  15.  7
    The movement of showing: indirect method, critique, and responsibility in Derrida, Hegel, and Heidegger.Johan de Jong - 2020 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    The Movement of Showing investigates the idea, shared by Derrida, Hegel and Heidegger, that the value of their thought is not found in its results or conclusions, but in its "movement." All three describe the heart of their work in terms of a pathway, development, or movement rather than in terms of its propositions or conclusions. This seems to deprive their thought of a solid ground, and indeed deconstruction in particular is often criticized in this way. Johan de Jong (...)
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  16.  3
    De broosheid van het zinvolle.Johan de Tavernier - 2011 - Leuven: Acco.
    Godsdienstfilosofische beschouwing over geloofstwijfel en religieuze zingeving in een postmoderne wereld.
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  17.  1
    Hoe (in)tolerant zijn levensbeschouwingen?Johan de Tavernier (ed.) - 1992 - Leuven: Vlaamse Bijbelstichting.
    Artikelen vanuit joods, christelijk, islamitisch en humanistisch perspectief over de mogelijkheid van tolerantie tussen met name de drie grote monotheïstische religies.
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  18.  10
    Back and Forth Between Modal Logic and Classical Logic.Hajnal Andreka, Johan van Benthem & Istvan Nemeti - 1995 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 3 (5):685-720.
  19.  4
    The Spell of Capital: reification and spectacle.Samir Gandesha & Johan Frederik Hartle (eds.) - 2017 - Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
    This book explores the tradition, impact, and contemporary relevance of two key ideas from Western Marxism: Georg Lukács's concept of reification, in which social aspects of humanity are viewed in objectified terms, and Guy Debord's concept of the spectacle, where the world is packaged and presented to consumers in uniquely mediated ways. Bringing the original, yet now often forgotten, theoretical contexts for these terms back to the fore, Johan Hartle and Samir Gandesha offer a new look at the importance (...)
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  20.  8
    Reframing strategic preparedness: an essay on practical wisdom.Matt Statler & Johan Roos - 2006 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 2 (2):99.
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  21.  3
    The ethics report: A means of sharing responsibility.Muel Kaptein & Johan Wempe - 1998 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 7 (3):131–139.
    “An ethics report is a snapshot of a process taking place at various levels within a company and between its stakeholders.” Ethics reports can serve a number of purposes, and for large multinational companies they can provide an important tool for stakeholder management, as is illustrated in the case of Shell. Muel Kaptein and Johan Wempe both work for KPMG Ethics & Integrity Consulting and lecture in business ethics at the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam. Both are (...)
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  22. The Sychar story as a standard conversion narrative in Heracleon's Hypomnēmata.Carl Johan Berglund - 2022 - In Athanasios Despotis & Hermut Löhr (eds.), Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions. Boston: Ancient Philosophy & Religion.
     
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  23. Solidaritetsmoralen.Carl Johan Björklund - 1966 - Uppsala,: Bokgillet.
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  24. Adverbial clauses.Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2011 - In Klaus von Heusinger, Claudia Maienborn & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 1420-1441.
     
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  25.  10
    The use of d‐dimer testing and Wells score in patients with high probability for acute pulmonary embolism.Mårten Söderberg, Johan Brohult, Lennart Jorfeldt & Gerd Lärfars - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (1):129-133.
  26.  2
    Important variations in the content of care pathway documents for total knee arthroplasty may lead to quality and patient safety problems.Olivier Segal, Johan Bellemans, Eva Van Gerven, Svin Deneckere, Massimiliano Panella, Walter Sermeus & Kris Vanhaecht - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (1):11-15.
  27.  5
    Einstein meets Magritte: an interdisciplinary reflection: the white book of "Einstein meets Magritte".Francis Heylighen, Johan Bollen & Alexander Riegler (eds.) - 1999 - Boston: Kluwer Academic.
    The Evolution of Complexity is addressed to a broad audience of academics and researchers from different disciplines, who are interested in the picture of our world emerging from the new sciences of complexity. This book reviews the new concepts proposed by the diverse theories of evolution, self-organisation, general systems, cybernetics, and the `complex adaptive systems' approach pioneered by the Santa Fe institute. The thread which holds everything together is the growth of complexity during the history of the universe: from elementary (...)
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  28.  4
    Aesthetic Marx.Samir Gandesha & Johan Frederik Hartle (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    The whole of Marx's project confronts the narrow concerns of political philosophy by embedding it in social philosophy and a certain understanding of the aesthetic. From those of aesthetic production to the "poetry of the future" (as Marx writes in the Eighteenth Brumaire), from the radical modernism of bourgeois development to the very idea of association (which defined one of the main lines of tradition in the history of aesthetics), steady references to Dante, Shakespeare and Goethe, and the idea that (...)
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  29.  5
    Deweyan Transactionalism in Education: Beyond Self-Action and Inter-Action.Jim Garrison, Johan Öhman & Leif Östman (eds.) - 2022 - Bloomsbury.
    Philosophers of education are largely unaware of Dewey's concept of transactionalism, yet it is implicit in much of his philosophy, educational or otherwise from the late 1890s onwards. Written by scholars from Belgium, Italy, Norway, Sweden, and the USA, this book shows how transactionalism can offer an entirely new way of understanding teaching and learning, the sociocultural dimension of education, and educational research. The contributors show how the concept helps us to see beyond an array of false dualisms, such as (...)
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  30.  3
    Heidegger’s Poetic Projection of Being.Marius Johan Geertsema - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book investigates the relationship between poetry and ontology in the works of Martin Heidegger. It explains the way in which Heidegger’s dialogue with poetry forms an essential step on the path of overcoming metaphysics and thinking the openness of presence. Heidegger’s engagement with poetry is an important moment in the development of his philosophy—or rather thinking of Being. Being speaks itself poetically in his view. Rather than a logician or a thinker, Being is the first poet.
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  31.  4
    Tensions in the Paradigm of Environmental EconomicsAn Analysis Inspired by Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy.Ad van Geesbergen, Johan Graafland & Jan Hoogland - 2020 - Philosophia Reformata 85 (1):66-88.
    This article critically analyzes the environmental economics paradigm of David Pearce and Robert Kerry Turner. Our analysis is inspired by the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd, in particular his transcendental criticism and theory of modalities. We describe how Pearce and Turner theorize the concept of sustainable development. On the basis of this description we identify immanent tensions in their approach and analyze to what extent these tensions are caused by implicit normative presuppositions in the key concepts used by Pearce and Turner. (...)
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  32.  4
    VII*—Modelling the Kinematics of Meaning.Johan van Benthem - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93 (1):105-122.
    Johan van Benthem; VII*—Modelling the Kinematics of Meaning, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 93, Issue 1, 1 June 1993, Pages 105–122, https://do.
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  33.  1
    Samenleven kun je niet alleen.Dirk van Duppen & Johan Hoebeke - 2017 - Ethische Perspectieven 27 (2):106-122.
    Aan de hand van recente ontdekkingen op het gebied van neurowetenschappen, biologische evolutie, paleontologie, evolutionaire psychologie en evolutionaire dynamicamodellen, leggen Dirk Van Duppen en Johan Hoebeke uit hoe pro-sociale gedragingen en altruïsme het succes van de ‘homo sapiens’ evolutionair hebben bepaald. Vermits de mens als meest kwetsbaar en meest prematuur dier op de wereld is gekomen, was zijn enige manier om te overleven een biologisch-culturele co-evolutie waarbij zijn intelligente vermogens zich enkel konden ontwikkelen door zijn ingeslepen drang om zich (...)
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  34. The politics of authenticity: Charles Taylor's authentic self revisited.Loïc Moureau & Johan De Tavernier - 2011 - Bijdragen 72 (4):432-455.
     
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  35.  1
    Mellan idealism och analytisk filosofi: den moderna filosofin i Finland och Sverige 1880-1950.Stefan Nygård & Johan Strang (eds.) - 2006 - Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis.
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  36.  3
    Tro vetande mystik: svensk religionsfilosofi 1900-1999 : en antologi.Johan Modée (ed.) - 2000 - Stockholm/Stehag: Brutus Östlings Bokförlag Symposion.
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  37.  1
    Logica voor informatica.Johan van Benthem - 2003 - Pearson Education.
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  38.  13
    Possession and pertinence: the meaning of have. [REVIEW]Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2009 - Natural Language Semantics 17 (4):369-397.
    The meaning of have is notoriously difficult to define; sometimes it seems to denote possession, but often, it seems to denote nothing, only to complicate composition. This paper focuses on the cases where have embeds a small clause, proposing that all it accomplishes is abstraction, turning the small clause into a predicate. This analysis is extended to the cases where have appears to embed DPs: These objects are interpreted as small clauses as well, with implicit predicates denoting possession or—with relational (...)
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  39.  10
    Focus interpretation in thetic statements: Alternative semantics and optimality theory pragmatics. [REVIEW]Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 16 (1):15-33.
    Broad focus (or informational integration or nonautonomy) is lexically and contextually constrained, but these constraints are not well understood. On a standard theory of focus interpretation, the presupposition of a broad focus is verified whenever those of two narrow foci are. I argue that to account for cases where two narrow foci are preferred, it is necessary to assume that broad focus competes with two narrow foci and implicates the opposite of what they presuppose. Central constraints on thetic statements are (...)
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  40.  6
    Review. [REVIEW]Johan van der Zande - 1994 - History and Theory 33 (1):113-121.
  41.  7
    Author-Meets-Critics: Johan Dahlbeck, Spinoza: Fiction and Manipulation in Civic Education.Johan Dahlbeck - unknown
    This book is a philosophical enquiry into the educational consequences of Spinoza’s political theory. Spinoza’s political theory is of particular interest for educational thought as it brings together the normative aims of his ethical theory with his realistic depiction of human psychology and the ramifications of this for successful political governance. As such, the book aims to introduce the reader to Spinoza’s original vision of civic education, as a project that ultimately aims at the ethical flourishing of individuals, while being (...)
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  42. Money-Pump Arguments.Johan E. Gustafsson - 2022 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Suppose that you prefer A to B, B to C, and C to A. Your preferences violate Expected Utility Theory by being cyclic. Money-pump arguments offer a way to show that such violations are irrational. Suppose that you start with A. Then you should be willing to trade A for C and then C for B. But then, once you have B, you are offered a trade back to A for a small cost. Since you prefer A to B, you (...)
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  43.  7
    Intuisjon og erkjennelse: til Johan Fredrik Bjelke på sekstiårsdagen 31. januar 1976.Johan Fredrik Bjelke (ed.) - 1976 - Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo, Institutt for filosofi.
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  44. Second Thoughts about My Favourite Theory.Johan E. Gustafsson - 2022 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 103 (3):448-470.
    A straightforward way to handle moral uncertainty is simply to follow the moral theory in which you have most credence. This approach is known as My Favourite Theory. In this paper, I argue that, in some cases, My Favourite Theory prescribes choices that are, sequentially, worse in expected moral value than the opposite choices according to each moral theory you have any credence in. In addition this, problem generalizes to other approaches that avoid intertheoretic comparisons of value, such as My (...)
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  45. Prudential Longtermism.Johan E. Gustafsson & Petra Kosonen - forthcoming - In Jacob Barrett, Hilary Greaves & David Thorstad (eds.), Essays on Longtermism. Oxford University Press.
    According to Longtermism, our acts’ expected influence on the expected value of the world is mainly determined by their effects in the far future. There is, given total utilitarianism, a straightforward argument for Longtermism due to the enormous number of people that might exist in the future, but this argument does not work on person-affecting views. In this paper, we will argue that these views might also lead to Longtermism if Prudential Longtermism is true. Prudential Longtermism holds for a person (...)
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  46.  82
    Ex-Ante Pareto and the Opaque-Identity Puzzle.Johan E. Gustafsson & Kacper Kowalczyk - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Anna Mahtani describes a puzzle meant to show that the Ex-Ante Pareto Principle is incomplete as it stands and, since it cannot be completed in a satisfactory manner, decades of debate in welfare economics and ethics are undermined. In this paper, we provide a better solution to the puzzle which saves the Ex-Ante Pareto Principle from this challenge. We also explain how the plausibility of our solution is reinforced by its similarity to a standard solution to an analogous puzzle in (...)
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  47.  7
    Ideologiernas och religionens död: en analys av Herbert Tingstens ideologi- och religionskritik.Johan Lundborg - 1991 - Nora: Nya doxa.
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  48.  10
    A Neural Network Framework for Cognitive Bias.Johan E. Korteling, Anne-Marie Brouwer & Alexander Toet - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:358644.
    Human decision making shows systematic simplifications and deviations from the tenets of rationality (‘heuristics’) that may lead to suboptimal decisional outcomes (‘cognitive biases’). There are currently three prevailing theoretical perspectives on the origin of heuristics and cognitive biases: a cognitive-psychological, an ecological and an evolutionary perspective. However, these perspectives are mainly descriptive and none of them provides an overall explanatory framework for the underlying mechanisms of cognitive biases. To enhance our understanding of cognitive heuristics and biases we propose a neural (...)
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  49. The point of the practice of human rights : international concern or domestic empowerment?Johan Karlsson Schaffer - 2017 - In Reidar Maliks & Johan Karlsson Schaffer (eds.), Moral and Political Conceptions of Human Rights: Implications for Theory and Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  50.  15
    Leviathan Inc.: Hobbes on the nature and person of the state.Johan Olsthoorn - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (1):17-32.
    ABSTRACT This article aspires to make two original contributions to the vast literature on Hobbes’s account of the nature and person of the commonwealth: (1) I provide the first systematic analysis of his changing conception of ‘person’; and (2) use it to show that those who claim that the Hobbesian commonwealth is created by personation by fiction misconstrue his theory of the state. Whereas Elements/de Cive advance a metaphysics-based distinction between individuals (‘natural persons’) and corporations (‘civil persons’), from Leviathan onwards (...)
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