Results for 'Joel A. Schickel'

996 found
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  1.  50
    Descartes on the Identity of Passion and Action.Joel A. Schickel - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (6):1067 - 1084.
    According to the standard Aristotelian doctrine of the identity of passion and action (Ipa), a passion and the action with which it is identified are distinguished through a distinction of reason, and both passion and action are located in the patient. Descartes has recently been interpreted by some scholars to be rejecting Ipa in favor of a view that throws into contention a dualistic interpretation of his philosophy of mind. This article contends that Descartes did hold Ipa, albeit expressed in (...)
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  2.  18
    A Retrospective Technology Assessment: Submarine Telegraphy--The Transatlantic Cable of 1866Vary T. Coates Bernard Finn.Joel A. Tarr - 1981 - Isis 72 (2):310-311.
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  3.  1
    Commentary on Elger’s “Medical Ethics in Correctional Healthcare”.Joel A. Dvoskin - 2008 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):256-259.
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  4.  25
    A novel method to enhance informed consent: a prospective and randomised trial of form-based versus electronic assisted informed consent in paediatric endoscopy.Joel A. Friedlander, Greg S. Loeben, Patricia K. Finnegan, Anita E. Puma, Xuemei Zhang, Edwin F. De Zoeten, David A. Piccoli & Petar Mamula - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (4):194-200.
    Next SectionObjectives To evaluate the adequacy of paediatric informed consent and its augmentation by a supplemental computer-based module in paediatric endoscopy. Methods The Consent-20 instrument was developed and piloted on 47 subjects. Subsequently, parents of 101 children undergoing first-time, diagnostic upper endoscopy performed under moderate IV sedation were prospectively and consecutively, blinded, randomised and enrolled into two groups that received either standard form-based informed consent or standard form-based informed consent plus a commercial (Emmi Solutions, Inc, Chicago, Il), sixth grade level, (...)
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  5.  1
    Justice: Rights and Wrongs.Joel A. Schwartz - 2011 - Philosophia Christi 13 (1):213-216.
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  6.  13
    Pure thoughts with impure proteins: Permeabilized cell models of organelle motility.Joel A. Swanson - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (11):715-722.
    Permeabilized cell models provide an experimental middle ground wherein the in vitro properties of mechanochemical proteins can be reconciled with the physical and topological constraints of the intact cell. Several well‐studied examples of organelle motility are described here, including the actin‐based cytoplasmic streaming of Characean algae, the microtubule‐based aggregation and dispersion of pigment granules in chromatophores and the saltatory movements of vesicles along microtubules in fibroblasts and macrophages. The permeabilized models developed for these systems have helped to integrate observations in (...)
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  7.  11
    From Streetcar to Superhighway: American City Planners and Urban Transportation, 1900-1940. . Mark S. Foster.Joel A. Tarr - 1983 - Isis 74 (1):120-121.
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  8. Is Virtue Ethics Self-Effacing?Joel A. Martinez - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (2):277-288.
    Virtue ethicists argue that modern ethical theories aim to give direct guidance about particular situations at the cost of offering artificial or narrow accounts of ethics. In contrast, virtue ethical theories guide action indirectly by helping one understand the virtues—but the theory will not provide answers as to what to do in particular instances. Recently, this had led many to think that virtue ethical theories are self-effacing the way some claim consequentialist and deontological theories are. In this paper I defend (...)
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  9. Religion, family law and competing norms.Joel A. Nichols - 2015 - In Michael A. Helfand (ed.), Negotiating state and non-state law: the challenge of global and local legal pluralism. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  10.  5
    Beyond Practical Virtue: A Defense of Liberal Democracy Through Literature.Joel A. Johnson - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    Why hasn’t democracy been embraced worldwide as the best form of government? Aesthetic critics of democracy such as Carlyle and Nietzsche have argued that modern democracy, by removing the hierarchical institutions that once elevated society’s character, turns citizens into bland, mediocre souls. Joel A. Johnson now offers a rebuttal to these critics, drawing surprising inspiration from American literary classics. Addressing the question from a new perspective, Johnson takes a fresh look at the worth of liberal democracy in these uncertain (...)
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  11.  20
    Nietzsche on Self-Reverence.Joel A. Van Fossen - 2022 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 53 (2):181-201.
    Respect and self-respect are the cornerstone motivations in Kantian moral psychology. But “respect” is an ambiguous term. As Stephen Darwall has argued, sometimes respect refers to a constraint on practical reason, but at other times it refers to a person-directed pro-attitude. In this article, I argue that this distinction is a problem regarding self-respect since self-respect, in the latter sense, lacks warrant. Furthermore, I discuss Nietzsche’s conception of “self-reverence,” which in some ways serves as a replacement for Kantian self-respect in (...)
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  12.  2
    Tree.Joel A. Berman - 2016 - Boston: Branden Books.
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  13.  50
    Socrates’ Aversion to Being a Victim of Injustice.Joel A. Martinez & Nicholas D. Smith - 2018 - The Journal of Ethics 22 (1):59-76.
    In the Gorgias, Plato has Polus ask Socrates if he would rather suffer injustice than perform it. Socrates’ response is justly famous, affirming a view that Polus himself finds incredible, and one that even contemporary readers find difficult to credit: “for my part, I would prefer neither, but if it had to be one or the other, I would choose to suffer rather than do what is unjust”. In this paper, we take up the part of Socrates’ response that Polus (...)
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  14.  6
    On the Economic and Political Determinants of Welfare Spending in the Post-World War II Era.Michael Wallace, Joel A. Devine & Larry J. Griffin - 1983 - Politics and Society 12 (3):331-372.
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  15.  47
    Rethinking Plato's Conception of Knowledge: The Non-philosopher and the Forms.Joel A. Martinez - 2011 - Apeiron 44 (4):326-334.
    In this paper, I argue against the claim that in Plato's Republic the most important distinguishing feature between the philosopher and non-philosopher is that the philosopher has knowledge while the non-philosopher has, at best, true opinion. This claim is, in fact, inconsistent with statements Plato makes in later books of the Republic. I submit that the important distinction Plato makes concerns the type of knowledge possessed by the philosopher-ruler. As a result, we need to amend widely held scholarly interpretations of (...)
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  16.  67
    Nietzsche and Shame.Joel A. Van Fossen - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (2):233-249.
    In the preface to GS, Nietzsche famously exclaims, "Those Greeks were superficial—out of profundity!".1 And he attributes one aspect of this profound superficiality to the Greeks' "respect for the bashfulness [Scham] with which nature has hidden behind riddles and iridescent uncertainties". For Nietzsche, both the Greeks' shame and their respect for shame played important and healthy psychological and social roles. So, Nietzsche praises shame in the sense that "care [Scham] for one's reputation" is characteristic of noble types and a "highly (...)
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  17.  52
    Nietzsche, Self-Disgust, and Disgusting Morality.Joel A. Van Fossen - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (1):79-105.
    Among other things, Nietzsche considers himself a psychologist, and many of his ideas about human behaviors, dispositions, and attitudes are empirical and falsifiable. As readers of Nietzsche, we should hope that he got some of his psychological facts right. I agree with Joshua Knobe and Brian Leiter when they argue that "neglect of Nietzsche in moral psychology is no longer an option for those philosophers who accept that moral psychology should be grounded in real psychology."1 This article aims at furthering (...)
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  18.  18
    Each in its proper place: Śaṅkara’s approach to diversity in Upaniṣadic insight texts. [REVIEW]Joël A. Dubois - 2002 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):275-317.
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  19.  11
    Contesting Nietzsche by Christa Davis Acampora. [REVIEW]Joel A. Van Fossen - 2018 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 49 (2):295-300.
    In Contesting Nietzsche, Christa Davis Acampora analyzes the significance for Nietzsche’s thought of the ancient Greek agon. She aims to show why the agon is important for understanding several philosophical themes prevalent in Nietzsche’s work, including naturalism, agency, and responsibility. Acampora also argues that we should understand Nietzsche’s own engagement with other philosophical contestants as part of his own agonistic enterprise, highlighting Homer, Socrates, Paul, and Wagner as four such competitors. Acampora’s analysis of the agon is helpful for understanding how (...)
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  20.  2
    A History of Utilitarian Ethics: Studies in Private Motivation and Distributive Justice, 1700–1875, written by Samuel Hollander. [REVIEW]Joel A. Van Fossen - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Philosophy.
  21.  34
    Self-control Puts Character into Action: Examining How Leader Character Strengths and Ethical Leadership Relate to Leader Outcomes.John J. Sosik, Jae Uk Chun, Ziya Ete, Fil J. Arenas & Joel A. Scherer - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (3):765-781.
    Evidence from a growing number of studies suggests leader character as a means to advance leadership knowledge and practice. Based on this evidence, we propose a process model depicting how leader character manifests in ethical leadership that has positive psychological and performance outcomes for leaders, along with the moderating effect of leaders’ self-control on the character strength–ethical leadership–outcomes relationships. We tested this model using multisource data from 218 U.S. Air Force officers and their subordinates and superiors. Findings provide initial support (...)
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  22.  27
    Adolescent Decisional Autonomy Regarding Participation in an Emergency Department Youth Violence Interview.Jennifer M. Cohn, Kenneth R. Ginsburg, Nancy Kassam-Adams & Joel A. Fein - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):70-74.
    Much attention has been given to determining whether an adolescent patient has the capacity to consent to research. This study explores the factors that influence adolescents' decisions to participate in a research study about youth violence and to determine positive or negative feelings elicited by being a research subject. The majority of subjects perceived their decision to participate to be free of coercion, and few felt badly about having participated. However, adolescents who were alone in the room during the assent (...)
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  23.  18
    Visionary political theory.Ali Aslam, David W. McIvor, Joel A. Schlosser, Antonio Y. Vázquez-Arroyo, Elisabeth R. Anker, Alyssa Battistoni & Romand Coles - 2024 - Contemporary Political Theory 23 (1):88-113.
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  24.  3
    Coal and Natural Gas: Fuel and Environmental Policy in Pittsburgh and Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 1940-1960.Ken Koons, Gary David Goodman & Joel A. Tarr - 1980 - Science, Technology and Human Values 5 (3):19-21.
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  25. Paul Custodio Bube and Jeffery Geller, eds., Conversations with Pragma-tism. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002, 126 pp.(Indexed). ISBN 90-420-1560-8, $27.00 (Pb). Stephen Darwall, ed., Consequentialism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Pub-lishing, 2003, 301 pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-631-23108-0 (Pb). [REVIEW]S. Morris Eames, Robert N. Fisher, Daniel T. Primozic, Peter A. Day, Joel A. Thompson & Albert A. Harrison - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37:583-584.
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  26.  20
    Listening with a dual brain: Hemispheric asymmetry in sustained attention.Joel S. Warm, David O. Richter, Ronald L. Sprague, Phillip K. Porter & Donald A. Schumsky - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (4):229-232.
  27.  11
    Ear asymmetry and the temporal uncertainty of signals in sustained attention.Joel S. Warm, Donald A. Schumsky & Douglas K. Hawley - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (5):413-416.
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  28. On the appropriate and inappropriate uses of probability distributions in climate projections and some alternatives.Joel Katzav, Erica L. Thompson, James Risbey, David A. Stainforth, Seamus Bradley & Mathias Frisch - 2021 - Climatic Change 169 (15).
    When do probability distribution functions (PDFs) about future climate misrepresent uncertainty? How can we recognise when such misrepresentation occurs and thus avoid it in reasoning about or communicating our uncertainty? And when we should not use a PDF, what should we do instead? In this paper we address these three questions. We start by providing a classification of types of uncertainty and using this classification to illustrate when PDFs misrepresent our uncertainty in a way that may adversely affect decisions. We (...)
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  29.  28
    Resurrection axioms and uplifting cardinals.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2014 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 53 (3-4):463-485.
    We introduce the resurrection axioms, a new class of forcing axioms, and the uplifting cardinals, a new large cardinal notion, and prove that various instances of the resurrection axioms are equiconsistent over ZFC with the existence of an uplifting cardinal.
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  30. Assessing climate model projections: State of the art and philosophical reflections.Joel Katzav, Henk A. Dijkstra & A. T. J. de Laat - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):258-276.
    The present paper draws on climate science and the philosophy of science in order to evaluate climate-model-based approaches to assessing climate projections. We analyze the difficulties that arise in such assessment and outline criteria of adequacy for approaches to it. In addition, we offer a critical overview of the approaches used in the IPCC working group one fourth report, including the confidence building, Bayesian and likelihood approaches. Finally, we consider approaches that do not feature in the IPCC reports, including three (...)
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  31.  29
    How previous experience shapes perception in different sensory modalities.Joel S. Snyder, Caspar M. Schwiedrzik, A. Davi Vitela & Lucia Melloni - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  87
    Indestructible Strong Unfoldability.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (3):291-321.
    Using the lottery preparation, we prove that any strongly unfoldable cardinal $\kappa$ can be made indestructible by all.
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  33. Die Lehre des Socrates als sociales Reform-system.A. Dörino & K. Joël - 1896 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4 (1):86-117.
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  34.  41
    Do Personal Values Influence the Propensity for Sustainability Actions? A Policy-Capturing Study.Joel Marcus, Heather A. MacDonald & Lorne M. Sulsky - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):459-478.
    Using a policy-capturing approach with a broad student sample we examine how individuals’ economic, social and environmental values influence their propensity to engage in a broad range of sustainability-related corporate actions. We employ a multi-dimensional sustainability framework of corporate actions and account for both the positive and negative impacts associated with corporate activity—termed strength and concern actions, respectively. Strong economic values were found to increase the propensity for concern actions and the willingness to work in controversial industries. Individuals with balanced (...)
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  35.  18
    Strongly uplifting cardinals and the boldface resurrection axioms.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2017 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 56 (7-8):1115-1133.
    We introduce the strongly uplifting cardinals, which are equivalently characterized, we prove, as the superstrongly unfoldable cardinals and also as the almost-hugely unfoldable cardinals, and we show that their existence is equiconsistent over ZFC with natural instances of the boldface resurrection axiom, such as the boldface resurrection axiom for proper forcing.
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  36.  22
    Civility in Health Care: A Moral Imperative.Joel M. Geiderman, John C. Moskop, Catherine A. Marco, Raquel M. Schears & Arthur R. Derse - 2024 - HEC Forum 36 (2):245-257.
    Civility is an essential feature of health care, as it is in so many other areas of human interaction. The article examines the meaning of civility, reviews its origins, and provides reasons for its moral significance in health care. It describes common types of uncivil behavior by health care professionals, patients, and visitors in hospitals and other health care settings, and it suggests strategies to prevent and respond to uncivil behavior, including institutional codes of conduct and disciplinary procedures. The article (...)
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  37.  15
    Learning agents that acquire representations of social groups.Joel Z. Leibo, Alexander Sasha Vezhnevets, Maria K. Eckstein, John P. Agapiou & Edgar A. Duéñez-Guzmán - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Humans are learning agents that acquire social group representations from experience. Here, we discuss how to construct artificial agents capable of this feat. One approach, based on deep reinforcement learning, allows the necessary representations to self-organize. This minimizes the need for hand-engineering, improving robustness and scalability. It also enables “virtual neuroscience” research on the learned representations.
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  38.  11
    What is the simplest model that can account for high-fidelity imitation?Joel Z. Leibo, Raphael Köster, Alexander Sasha Vezhnevets, Edgar A. Duénez-Guzmán, John P. Agapiou & Peter Sunehag - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e261.
    What inductive biases must be incorporated into multi-agent artificial intelligence models to get them to capture high-fidelity imitation? We think very little is needed. In the right environments, both instrumental- and ritual-stance imitation can emerge from generic learning mechanisms operating on non-deliberative decision architectures. In this view, imitation emerges from trial-and-error learning and does not require explicit deliberation.
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  39.  28
    Should Uplifting Music and Smart Phone Apps Count as Willpower Doping? The Extended Will and the Ethics of Enhanced Motivation.Joel Anderson & Bart A. Kamphorst - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):35-37.
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  40. The environment as a stakeholder? A fairness-based approach.Robert A. Phillips & Joel Reichart - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):185 - 197.
    Stakeholder theory is often unable to distinguish those individuals and groups that are stakeholders from those that are not. This problem of stakeholder identity has recently been addressed by linking stakeholder theory to a Rawlsian principle of fairness. To illustrate, the question of stakeholder status for the non-human environment is discussed. This essay criticizes a past attempt to ascribe stakeholder status to the non-human environment, which utilized a broad definition of the term "stakeholder." This paper then demonstrates how, despite the (...)
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  41.  40
    Boekbesprekingen.Joël Delobel, J. Lust, J. Lambrecht, P. C. Beentjes, Bart J. Koet, Th C. de Kruijf, M. Poorthuis, M. Parmentier, Marc Schneiders, W. G. Tillmans, H. J. Adriaanse, J. Wissink, Jan Kerkhofs, H. Wegman, H. Bleijendaal, Ger Groot, F. J. Theunis, J. W. Hacking, A. A. Derksen, Ulrich Hemel, J. Kerkhofs, G. de Wert, H. P. M. Goddijn & Johan G. Hahn - 1986 - Bijdragen 47 (1):67-112.
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  42.  36
    What is the theory without power set?Victoria Gitman, Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2016 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 62 (4-5):391-406.
    We show that the theory, consisting of the usual axioms of but with the power set axiom removed—specifically axiomatized by extensionality, foundation, pairing, union, infinity, separation, replacement and the assertion that every set can be well‐ordered—is weaker than commonly supposed and is inadequate to establish several basic facts often desired in its context. For example, there are models of in which ω1 is singular, in which every set of reals is countable, yet ω1 exists, in which there are sets of (...)
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  43. Changes in the hospital as a place of practice.Lucille A. Joel - 1990 - In Joanne McCloskey Dochterman & Helen K. Grace (eds.), Current Issues in Nursing. Mosby. pp. 238.
     
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  44. Unpacking explicit memory: the contribution of recollection and familiarity.Joel R. Quamme, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Kroll & E. A. Neal - 2006 - In Hubert Zimmer, Axel Mecklinger & Ulman Lindenberger (eds.), Handbook of Binding and Memory: Perspectives From Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
     
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  45.  2
    Die therapeutische Insemination in heutiger Sicht.Charles A. Joel - 1971 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 15 (1):215-226.
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  46. Validating neural correlates of familiarity.Ken A. Paller, Joel L. Voss & Stephan G. Boehm - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (6):243-250.
  47.  19
    Negative valence specific deficits in judgements of musical affective quality in alexithymia.Joel L. Larwood, Eric J. Vanman & Genevieve A. Dingle - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (3):500-509.
    ABSTRACTAlexithymia is characterised by a lack of words for emotional experiences and it has been implicated in deficits in emotion processing. Research in this area has typically focused on judgem...
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  48. Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism.David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Ping Ping Fu, Vojko V. Potocan, Andre Pekerti, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Erna Szabo, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Prem Ramburuth, David M. Brock, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Ilya Grison, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Malika Richards, Philip Hallinger, Francisco B. Castro, Jaime Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Laurie Milton, Mahfooz Ansari, Arunas Starkus, Audra Mockaitis, Tevfik Dalgic, Fidel León-Darder, Hung Vu Thanh, Yong-lin Moon, Mario Molteni, Yongqing Fang, Jose Pla-Barber, Ruth Alas, Isabelle Maignan, Jorge C. Jesuino, Chay-Hoon Lee, Joel D. Nicholson, Ho-Beng Chia, Wade Danis, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri & Mark Weber - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):283–306.
    Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to (...)
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  49. Expanding Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion to Disability: Opportunities for Biological Psychiatry.Perry Zurn, Joseph A. Stramondo, Joel Michael Reynolds & Danielle Bassett - 2022 - Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging 7 (12):1280-1288.
    Given its subject matter, biological psychiatry is uniquely poised to lead STEM DEI initiatives related to disability. Drawing on literatures in science, philosophy, psychiatry, and disability studies, we outline how that leadership might be undertaken. We first review existing opportunities for the advancement of DEI in biological psychiatry around axes of gender and race. We then explore the expansion of biological psychiatry’s DEI efforts to disability, especially along the lines of representation and access, community accountability, first person testimony, and revised (...)
     
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  50. The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: a pluralogue. Part 4: general conclusion.Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley, Peter Zachar & James Phillips - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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