Results for 'Joe E. Dewhurst'

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  1.  21
    Fame in the predictive brain: a deflationary approach to explaining consciousness in the prediction error minimization framework.Krzysztof Dołęga & Joe E. Dewhurst - 2021 - Synthese 198 (8):7781-7806.
    The proposal that probabilistic inference and unconscious hypothesis testing are central to information processing in the brain has been steadily gaining ground in cognitive neuroscience and associated fields. One popular version of this proposal is the new theoretical framework of predictive processing or prediction error minimization, which couples unconscious hypothesis testing with the idea of ‘active inference’ and claims to offer a unified account of perception and action. Here we will consider one outstanding issue that still looms large at the (...)
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  2. Folk Psychology and the Bayesian Brain.Joe Dewhurst - 2017 - In Thomas Metzinger & Wanja Wiese (eds.), Philosophy and Predictive Processing. Frankfurt am Main: MIND Group.
    Whilst much has been said about the implications of predictive processing for our scientific understanding of cognition, there has been comparatively little discussion of how this new paradigm fits with our everyday understanding of the mind, i.e. folk psychology. This paper aims to assess the relationship between folk psychology and predictive processing, which will first require making a distinction between two ways of understanding folk psychology: as propositional attitude psychology and as a broader folk psychological discourse. It will be argued (...)
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  3. Religion and the Challenge of Philosophy.Joe E. Barnhart - 1975 - Littlefield, Adams.
    This book seeks a conception of God that will sastisfy inquiring twentieth-century minds. Carefully, it sorts out the evidence that has been given for the existence of a deity -- the word of Sacred Scriptures, the logical proofs of Anselm and others, and the witness of those who claim mystical experience -- and separates what can be believed from what cannot. It then explores what this deity could be like. Can we credit the all-powerful Calvinist and Islamic God who is (...)
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  4. An Ontology of Inevitable Moral Evil.Joe E. Barnhart - 1966 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):102.
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  5. The Study of Religion and its Meaning New Explorations in Light of Karl Popper and Emile Durkheim.Joe E. Barnhart - 1977 - Mouton.
     
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  6.  11
    Goodness, God, and Theological Gerrymandering.Joe E. Barnhart - 1982 - Philosophical Topics 13 (Supplement):31-37.
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  7.  18
    The Politics of Conscience: T. H. Green and His Age.Joe E. Barnhart - 1967 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (1):96-98.
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  8.  8
    Providence and Anthropomorphism in History and Politics: An Essay in Philosophy of History.Joe E. Barnhart - 2007 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 15 (1):49-58.
  9.  86
    Individuation Without Representation.Joe Dewhurst - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (1):103-116.
    ABSTRACT Shagrir and Sprevak explore the apparent necessity of representation for the individuation of digits in computational systems.1 1 I will first offer a response to Sprevak’s argument that does not mention Shagrir’s original formulation, which was more complex. I then extend my initial response to cover Shagrir’s argument, thus demonstrating that it is possible to individuate digits in non-representational computing mechanisms. I also consider the implications that the non-representational individuation of digits would have for the broader theory of computing (...)
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  10.  15
    Case Studies: "If I Have AIDS, Then Let Me Die Now!".Sophia Vinogradov, Joe E. Thornton, A.-J. Rock Levinson & Michael L. Callen - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (1):24.
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  11.  30
    Computing Mechanisms Without Proper Functions.Joe Dewhurst - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (3):569-588.
    The aim of this paper is to begin developing a version of Gualtiero Piccinini’s mechanistic account of computation that does not need to appeal to any notion of proper functions. The motivation for doing so is a general concern about the role played by proper functions in Piccinini’s account, which will be evaluated in the first part of the paper. I will then propose a potential alternative approach, where computing mechanisms are understood in terms of Carl Craver’s perspectival account of (...)
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  12.  8
    “If I Have AIDS, Then Let Me Die Now!”.Sophia Vinogradov, Joe E. Thornton, A.‐J. Rock Levinson & Michael L. Callen - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (1):24-26.
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  13. Enactive Autonomy in Computational Systems.Mario Villalobos & Joe Dewhurst - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):1891-1908.
    In this paper we will demonstrate that a computational system can meet the criteria for autonomy laid down by classical enactivism. The two criteria that we will focus on are operational closure and structural determinism, and we will show that both can be applied to a basic example of a physically instantiated Turing machine. We will also address the question of precariousness, and briefly suggest that a precarious Turing machine could be designed. Our aim in this paper is to challenge (...)
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  14.  52
    The Rationale of Rationalization.Walter Veit, Joe Dewhurst, Krzysztof Dołęga, Max Jones, Shaun Stanley, Keith Frankish & Daniel C. Dennett - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:e53.
    While we agree in broad strokes with the characterisation of rationalization as a “useful fiction,” we think that Fiery Cushman's claim remains ambiguous in two crucial respects: the reality of beliefs and desires, that is, the fictional status of folk-psychological entities and the degree to which they should be understood as useful. Our aim is to clarify both points and explicate the rationale of rationalization.
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  15.  35
    The mechanistic stance.Jonny Lee & Joe Dewhurst - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-21.
    It is generally acknowledged by proponents of ‘new mechanism’ that mechanistic explanation involves adopting a perspective, but there is less agreement on how we should understand this perspective-taking or what its implications are for practising science. This paper examines the perspectival nature of mechanistic explanation through the lens of the ‘mechanistic stance’, which falls somewhere between Dennett’s more familiar physical and design stance. We argue this approach implies three distinct and significant ways in which mechanistic explanation can be interpreted as (...)
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  16. Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account. [REVIEW]Joe Dewhurst - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (5):795-797.
    Physical Computation is the summation of Piccinini’s work on computation and mechanistic explanation over the past decade. It draws together material from papers published during that time, but also provides additional clarifications and restructuring that make this the definitive presentation of his mechanistic account of physical computation. This review will first give a brief summary of the account that Piccinini defends, followed by a chapter-by-chapter overview of the book, before finally discussing one aspect of the account in more critical detail.
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  17.  14
    Causal Emergence From Effective Information: Neither Causal nor Emergent?Joe Dewhurst - 2021 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):158-168.
    Thought: A Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  18.  23
    Mechanism Hierarchy Realism and Function Perspectivalism.Joe Dewhurst & Alistair M. C. Isaac - unknown
    Mechanistic explanation involves the attribution of functions to both mechanisms and their component parts, and function attribution plays a central role in the individuation of mechanisms. Our aim in this paper is to investigate the impact of a perspectival view of function attribution for the broader mechanist project, and specifically for realism about mechanistic hierarchies. We argue that, contrary to the claims of function perspectivalists such as Craver, one cannot endorse both function perspectivalism and mechanistic hierarchy realism: if functions are (...)
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  19.  9
    The Ups and Downs of Mechanism Realism: Functions, Levels, and Crosscutting Hierarchies.Joe Dewhurst & Alistair M. C. Isaac - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-23.
    Mechanism realists assert the existence of mechanisms as objective structures in the world, but their exact metaphysical commitments are unclear. We introduce Local Hierarchy Realism as a substantive and plausible form of mechanism realism. The limits of LHR reveal a deep tension between two aspects of mechanists’ explanatory strategy. Functional decomposition identifies locally relevant entities and activities, while these same entities and activities are also embedded in a nested hierarchy of levels. In principle, a functional decomposition may identify entities engaging (...)
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  20.  11
    Context-Sensitive Ontologies for a Non-Reductionist Cognitive Neuroscience.Joe Dewhurst - 2018 - Australasian Philosophical Review 2 (2):224-228.
    The target article criticises reductionist programs in cognitive science for failing to take into account important explanatory features of the organism's physical embodiment and task environment. My aim in this commentary is to show how such features are increasingly being taken seriously by researchers in cognitive neuroscience, who describe the functional activity of neural structures in terms that are context-sensitive rather than intrinsic. This approach can allow us to take seriously the concerns presented in Gallagher’s [2019] target article without having (...)
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  21.  39
    Mechanistic Miscomputation: A Reply to Fresco and Primiero.Joe Dewhurst - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):495-498.
    Fresco and Primiero’s recent article, ‘Miscomputation’ , provides a useful framework with which to think about miscomputation, as well as an admirably broad taxonomy of different kinds of miscomputation. However, it also misconstrues the mechanistic approach to miscomputation, which I will argue should not recognise design errors as miscomputations per se. I argue that a computing mechanism, if it is functioning correctly in the physical sense, cannot miscompute on the basis of an error made by an external agent, such as (...)
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  22.  26
    Rejecting the Received View.Joe Dewhurst - 2014 - Proceedings of the 50th Anniversary Convention of the AISB.
    I defend Piccinini’s mechanistic account of computation against three related criticisms adapted from Sprevak’s critique of non-representational computation. I then argue that this defence highlights a major problem with what Sprevak calls the received view; namely, that representation introduces observer-relativity into our account of computation. I conclude that if we want to retain an objective account of computation, we should reject the received view.
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  23.  18
    The Enactive Automaton as a Computing Mechanism.Joe Dewhurst & Mario Villalobos - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):185-192.
    Varela, Thompson, and Rosch illustrated their original presentation of the enactive theory of cognition with the example of a simple cellular automaton. Their theory was paradigmatically anti-computational, and yet automata similar to the one that they describe have typically been used to illustrate theories of computation, and are usually treated as abstract computational systems. Their use of this example is therefore puzzling, especially as they do not seem to acknowledge the discrepancy. The solution to this tension lies in recognizing a (...)
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  24. Computing Mechanisms and Autopoietic Systems.Joe Dewhurst - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Computing and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 17-26.
    This chapter draws an analogy between computing mechanisms and autopoietic systems, focusing on the non-representational status of both kinds of system (computational and autopoietic). It will be argued that the role played by input and output components in a computing mechanism closely resembles the relationship between an autopoietic system and its environment, and in this sense differs from the classical understanding of inputs and outputs. The analogy helps to make sense of why we should think of computing mechanisms as non-representational, (...)
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  25.  84
    Resolving Two Tensions in 4E Cognition Using Wide Computationalism.Luke Kersten, George Deane & Joe Dewhurst - 2017 - In A. Howes G. Gunzelmann (ed.), Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of Cognitive Science Society. London, UK: pp. 2395-2400.
    Recently, some authors have begun to raise questions about the potential unity of 4E (enactive, embedded, embodied, extended) cognition as a distinct research programme within cognitive science. Two tensions, in particular, have been raised:(i) that the body-centric claims embodied cognition militate against the distributed tendencies of extended cognition and (ii) that the body/environment distinction emphasized by enactivism stands in tension with the world-spanning claims of extended cognition. The goal of this paper is to resolve tensions (i) and (ii). The proposal (...)
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  26.  14
    Normative Folk Psychology and Decision Theory.Joe Dewhurst & Christopher Burr - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
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  27.  29
    Critique of a Critique: Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors?Cynthia L. Vernon, Kerry Bronnenkant, Joe E. Heimlich & John H. Falk - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (4):415-419.
    Marino et al. recently published a critique of a three-year National Science Foundation—funded investigation of the impact of zoo and aquarium visits on the public’s understanding of animals and their attitudes toward conservation. This critique of that critique will show that Marino et al. seriously misrepresent both the intent of the research and the methods used. The methods used by Falk and his colleagues were consistent with current, accepted research practice and their conclusions regarding impact were congruent with a growing (...)
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  28. Cognition, Computing and Dynamic Systems.Mario Villalobos & Joe Dewhurst - 2016 - Límite. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Filosofía y Psicología 1.
    Traditionally, computational theory (CT) and dynamical systems theory (DST) have presented themselves as opposed and incompatible paradigms in cognitive science. There have been some efforts to reconcile these paradigms, mainly, by assimilating DST to CT at the expenses of its anti-representationalist commitments. In this paper, building on Piccinini’s mechanistic account of computation and the notion of functional closure, we explore an alternative conciliatory strategy. We try to assimilate CT to DST by dropping its representationalist commitments, and by inviting CT to (...)
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  29.  51
    Tadeusz Wieslaw Zawidzki: Mindshaping. [REVIEW]Joe Dewhurst - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences (4):1165-1169.
  30. David M. Kaplan's Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science. [REVIEW]Joe Dewhurst - 2018 - BJPS Review of Books.
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  31. In Search of First-Century Christianity.Joe E. Barnhart & Linda T. Kraeger - 2000 - Routledge.
    Originally pulished in 2000, In Search of First Century Christianity contends that Christianity in the first century had no founder but rather evolved as a convergence of many forces: political disillusionment, cultural mutations, religious and theological motifs, psychosocial losses and new expectations. Moving on from an examination of the foundations of historical and literary criticism in the Renaissance, and a detailed study of two writers in antiquity, Thucydides and Chariton, to examine writings in the period between Plato and the Gospel (...)
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  32.  4
    Tadeusz Wieslaw Zawidzki: Mindshaping: MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 2013, 320pp., ISBN: 9780262019019, Hardcover: $40.00/£27.95. [REVIEW]Joe Dewhurst - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):1165-1169.
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  33.  32
    Curtain Call at the Cartesian Theatre.Krzysztof Dołega & Joe Dewhurst - 2015 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (9-10):109-128.
    Hobson & Friston (2014) outline a synthesis of Hobson's work on dreaming and consciousness with Friston’s work on the free energy principle and predictive coding. Whilst we are sympathetic with their claims about the function of dreaming and its relationship to consciousness, we argue that their endorsement of the Cartesian theatre metaphor is neither necessary nor desirable. Furthermore, if it were necessary then this endorsement would undermine their positive claims, as the Cartesian theatre metaphor is widely regarded as unsustainable. We (...)
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  34. Book Review: The Analogy of Love by Demetrios Harper. [REVIEW]E. Brown Dewhurst - 2022 - Studies in Christian Ethics 35 (2):386-389.
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  35.  56
    On the Soul and the Cyberpunk Future: St Macrina, St Gregory of Nyssa and Contemporary Mind/Body Dualism.E. Brown Dewhurst - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics (4).
    In On the Soul and the Resurrection, St Macrina and St Gregory of Nyssa consider what the soul is, and its relationship to our body and identity. Gregory notes the way that our bodies are always changing, and asks which is most truly our ‘real’ body if we are always in a state of growth, decay and transience? What physical body will be with us at the resurrection? If our body is as important to our identity as our soul, then (...)
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  36.  3
    How Does Therapy Harm? A Model of Adverse Process Using Task Analysis in the Meta-Synthesis of Service Users' Experience.Joe Curran, Glenys D. Parry, Gillian E. Hardy, Jennifer Darling, Ann-Marie Mason & Eleni Chambers - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37.  35
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Joe L. Green, Clinton B. Allison, Robert E. Belding, John R. Thelin, J. Theodore Klein, Robert M. Caldwell, Addie J. Butler, Sally H. Wertheim, Sandford W. Reitman, Jeffrey L. Lant, Hilda Calabro, George A. Male, Alan H. Jones & James J. Groark - 1976 - Educational Studies 7 (4):368-389.
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  38.  65
    Literatura e Religião: a relação buscando um método (Literature and Religion: The search for a method - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n25p29. [REVIEW]Joe Marçal Gonçalves dos Santos - 2012 - Horizonte 10 (25):29-52.
    Um estudo sobre a relação entre literatura e religião tomando ambas como expressão de produtividade da interpretação no contexto da Modernidade. O artigo aborda os pressupostos filosóficos da relação entre história da salvação e história da interpretação, e suas consequências para a consciência histórico-cultural do Ocidente, tal como examinado por Gianni Vattimo. Segundo este, o legado do Cristianismo se atualiza na Modernidade tardia em termos de produtividade da interpretação, ampliando a noção de linguagem e discurso por suas implicações ontológicas e (...)
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  39. Linguaggio E Azione Saggio Su J. L. Austin.Joe Friggieri - 1981 - Vita E Pensiero.
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  40.  36
    Deep Brain Stimulation to Reward Circuitry Alleviates Anhedonia in Refractory Major Depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and (...)
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  41.  8
    Goodness, God, and Theological Gerrymandering.Joe E. Barnhart - 1982 - Philosophical Topics 13 (Supplement):31-37.
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  42.  9
    Relevant and Irrelevant Information in Concept Attainment.Joe L. Byers & Robert E. Davidson - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):277.
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  43.  1
    Teaching Joe Kincheloe.Rochelle Brock, Curry Stephenson Mallott & Leila E. Villaverde (eds.) - 2011 - P. Lang.
    Teaching Joe Kincheloe is one of a handful of important recent books posthumously pushing Kincheloe's work further into the twenty-first century. Written and edited by former students and colleagues, the book underscores the depth and breath of his extraordinarily productive career. The text offers students and educators alike invaluable insights into transformative ways of seeing conducive to challenging the technocratic, imperialistic purpose of dominant forms education in an era marked by ruling elite desperation as U.S. power wanes globally. Through this (...)
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  44.  6
    Book Review: American Technological Sublime by David E. Nye. [REVIEW]Joe Podolsky - 1996 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 26 (1):25-26.
  45. Externalism About Mental Content.Joe Lau - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Externalism with regard to mental content says that in order to have certain types of intentional mental states (e.g. beliefs), it is necessary to be related to the environment in the right way.
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  46.  2
    Dostoevsky on Evil and Atonement the Ontology of Personalism in His Major Fiction.Linda Kraeger & Joe E. Barnhart - 1992 - Lewiston : E. Mellen Press.
    This work looks at the ontology of personalism in his major fiction and opens a door to a fresh understanding of Dostoevsky's version of the origin of human evil. In his philosophical novels, Dostoevski's view of original conflict and inevitable evil goes far beyond Augustine, Pelagius, and Luther. The authors are the first to build a case for viewing Dostoevsky as a philosophical personalist whose approach to nature provides insight to ecologists. They offer a radically new analysis of the themes (...)
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  47.  5
    Contesting Settler Colonial Accounts: Temporality, Migration and Place-Making in Scarborough, Ontario.Paloma E. Villegas, Patricia Landolt, Victoria Freeman, Joe Hermer, Ranu Basu & Bojana Videkanic - 2021 - Studies in Social Justice 14 (2):321-351.
    The paper considers how the logic of settler colonialism, the active and ongoing dispossession of Indigenous peoples, shapes scholarship on migration, race and citizenship in Canada. It draws on the insights of settler colonial theory and critiques of methodological nationalism to do so. The concept of differential inclusion and assemblages methodology are proposed as a way to understand the relationship between Indigeneity and migration in a settler colonial context. The paper develops this conceptual proposal through an analysis of a single (...)
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  48. Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise by Henry E. Allison. [REVIEW]Joe Saunders - 2011 - Kant Studies Online 2011 (1).
  49.  33
    The Biology of Language and the Epigenesis of Recursive Embedding.Ray E. Jennings & Joe J. Thompson - 2012 - Interaction Studies 13 (1):80-102.
    Theorists have oversold the usefulness of predicate logic and generative grammar to the study of language origins. They have searched for models that correspond to semantic properties, such as truth, when what is needed is an empirically testable model of evolution. Such a model is required if we are to explain the origins of linguistic properties by appealing to general properties of linguistic engendering, rather than to the advent of genotypes with the propensity to produce certain brain mechanisms. While the (...)
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  50.  26
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Ronald E. Benson, Herold S. Stern, Richard T. Ryan, Cheryl G. Kasson, Douglas J. Simpson, David Slive, Joe L. Green, Todd Holder, Deno G. Thevaos, Karilee Watson, Cynthia Porter Gehrie, W. Ross Palmer, C. H. Edson, Linda Fystrom & Robert S. Griffin - 1980 - Educational Studies 11 (1):91-115.
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