28 found
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  1. AI, Explainability and Public Reason: The Argument from the Limitations of the Human Mind.Jocelyn Maclure - 2021 - Minds and Machines 31 (3):421-438.
    Machine learning-based AI algorithms lack transparency. In this article, I offer an interpretation of AI’s explainability problem and highlight its ethical saliency. I try to make the case for the legal enforcement of a strong explainability requirement: human organizations which decide to automate decision-making should be legally obliged to demonstrate the capacity to explain and justify the algorithmic decisions that have an impact on the wellbeing, rights, and opportunities of those affected by the decisions. This legal duty can be derived (...)
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  2.  30
    Secularism and Freedom of Conscience.Jocelyn Maclure & Charles Taylor - 2011 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
    Jocelyn Maclure and Charles Taylor provide a clearly reasoned, articulate account of the two main principles of secularism—equal respect, and freedom of conscience—and argue that in our religiously diverse, politically interconnected world, secularism, properly understood, may offer the only path to religious and philosophical freedom.
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  3.  77
    The new AI spring: a deflationary view.Jocelyn Maclure - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):747-750.
  4.  32
    Selling conscience short: a response to Schuklenk and Smalling on conscientious objections by medical professionals.Jocelyn Maclure & Isabelle Dumont - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):241-244.
    In a thought-provoking paper, Schuklenk and Smalling argue that no right to conscientious objection should be granted to medical professionals. First, they hold that it is impossible to assess either the truth of conscience-based claims or the sincerity of the objectors. Second, even a fettered right to conscientious refusal inevitably has adverse effects on the rights of patients. We argue that the main problem with their position is that it is not derived from a broader reflection on the meaning and (...)
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  5. Conscientious Objection to Medical Assistance in Dying: A Qualitative Study with Quebec Physicians.Jocelyn Maclure - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 2 (2):110-134.
    Patients in Quebec can legally obtain medical assistance in dying (MAID) if they are able to give informed consent, have a serious and incurable illness, are at the end of their lives and are in a situation of unbearable suffering. Since the Supreme Court of Canada’s 2015 Carter decision, access to MAID, under certain conditions, has become a constitutional right. Quebec physicians are now likely to receive requests for MAID from their patients. The Quebec and Canadian laws recognize a physician’s (...)
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  6.  30
    Context, Intersubjectivism, and Value: Humean Constructivism Revisited.Jocelyn Maclure - 2020 - Dialogue 59 (3):377-401.
    RÉSUMÉJe défends dans ce texte une version particulière de la position que Sharon Street a appelée le «constructivisme humien». J'esquisserai pourquoi je considère que ce constructivisme est préférable à la fois au réalisme moral et au constructivisme kantien sur le plan de la compréhension du statut ontologique des valeurs. Après avoir accepté de reconnaître le rôle des pressions de l’évolution dans l’émergence de la moralité, le constructivisme humien doit toutefois préciser le rôle de l'intersubjectivité historique dans l’évolution subséquente de la (...)
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  7.  28
    L’avenir contextualiste du constructivisme métaéthique : le constructivisme humien amendé.Jocelyn Maclure - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (3):499-523.
    Je défends dans ce texte une version particulière de la position que Sharon Street a appelée le «constructivisme humien». J’esquisserai pourquoi je considère que ce constructivisme est préférable à la fois au réalisme moral et au constructivisme kantien sur le plan de la compréhension du statut ontologique des valeurs. Après avoir accepté de reconnaître le rôle des pressions de l’évolution dans l’émergence de la moralité, le constructivisme humien doit toutefois préciser le rôle de l’intersubjectivité historique dans l’évolution subséquente de la (...)
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  8.  22
    Multiculturalism on the Back Seat? Culture, Religion, and Justice.Jocelyn Maclure - 2015 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 10 (2):141-146.
    Jocelyn Maclure | : Alan Patten’s Equal Recognition is a major contribution to the normative literature on minority rights. I nonetheless suggest that liberal culturalism as a normative theory, even in Patten’s sophisticated version, is ill suited to deal with the challenges related to the status of religion in the public sphere that are so prevalent in contemporary democracies. In addition, I submit that Patten did not supply a fully convincing answer to the argument that liberal egalitarianism, well understood, is (...)
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  9.  54
    On the public use of practical reason. Loosening the grip of neo-kantianism.Jocelyn Maclure - 2006 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):37-63.
    A number of phenomena have lent a new complexity to the long-standing challenge of constructing a legitimate and stable political order. I contend that both legitimacy and integration under contemporary conditions ultimately hinge upon a form of public practical reasoning that departs considerably from the ones proposed by John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas and several deliberative democrats. I argue that the generalizability test that constitutes the cornerstone of most contemporary neo-Kantian theories of public reason should be abandoned as a rule of (...)
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  10.  15
    Faire de la philosophie en anglais et en français au Canada / Philosophizing in English and French in Canada.Jocelyn Maclure - 2020 - Dialogue 59 (3):371-376.
    ABSTRACTAs Dialogue publishes an English translation of one of my articles, I comment briefly on publication of philosophical research in languages other than English. The English version starts on p. 374.
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  11. Movind the Debate Forward. Interculturalism's contribution to multiculturalism.Francois Boucher & Jocelyn Maclure - 2018 - Comparative Migration Studies 6 (1):1-10.
    In this article, we compare Ricard Zappata-Barrero’s interculturalism with Tariq Modood’s multiculturalism. We will discuss the relation between distinct elements that compose both positions. We examine how recent discussions on interculturalism have the potential to contribute to theories of multiculturalism without undermining their core principles. Our position is close to that of Modood’s as he has already carefully tried to incorporate interculturalist insights into his own multiculturalism. Yet we provide a raise a few questions regarding Modood’s treatment of the relation (...)
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  12.  44
    AI’s fairness problem: understanding wrongful discrimination in the context of automated decision-making.Hugo Cossette-Lefebvre & Jocelyn Maclure - 2023 - AI and Ethics 3:1255–1269.
    The use of predictive machine learning algorithms is increasingly common to guide or even take decisions in both public and private settings. Their use is touted by some as a potentially useful method to avoid discriminatory decisions since they are, allegedly, neutral, objective, and can be evaluated in ways no human decisions can. By (fully or partly) outsourcing a decision process to an algorithm, it should allow human organizations to clearly define the parameters of the decision and to, in principle, (...)
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  13.  2
    Entre le culturel et le civique : les voies (accidentées) de l'accommodement raisonnable.Jocelyn Maclure & Charles Taylor - 2005 - Cités 23 (3):57-69.
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  14.  14
    Two Conceptions of Public Philosophy.Jocelyn Maclure & Daniel M. Weinstock - 2023 - In Dimitrios Karmis & Jocelyn Maclure (eds.), Civic Freedom in an Age of Diversity: The Public Philosophy of James Tully. McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 25-40.
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  15.  25
    The Merits and Limits of Conscience-Based Legal Exemptions.Jocelyn Maclure - 2022 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 16 (1):127-134.
    Exemption claims remain a tangled and divisive moral and legal issue both in academia and in the public sphere. In his book Exemptions: Necessary, Justified, or Misguided?, the constitutional scholar Kent Greenawalt zeros in on the vexed question of whether exemptions from rules of general applicability based on the conscientious convictions of individuals or groups are sometimes justified or prudent by discussing a wide range of cases drawn from the American jurisprudence. Although he does not engage in a significant way (...)
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  16.  4
    Le néoexistentialisme.Markus Gabriel, Jocelyn Maclure, Charles Taylor, Jocelyn Benoist & Andrea Kern - 2019 - Les Presses de l’Université de Laval.
    Dans ce livre très original, Markus Gabriel avance une théorie du soi humain qui surmonte les blocages inhérents aux positions standards en philosophie de l’esprit contemporaine. Son point de vue, le néo-existentialisme, est intégralement antinaturaliste, en ce sens qu’il rejette toute théorie selon laquelle l’ensemble de nos meilleures connaissances scientifiques naturelles serait pleinement capable de rendre compte de l’esprit humain. L’auteur montre plutôt que l’esprit humain consiste en une prolifération ouverte de vocabulaires mentalistes. Leur rôle dans la forme de vie (...)
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  17.  23
    Civic Freedom in an Age of Diversity: The Public Philosophy of James Tully.Dimitrios Karmis & Jocelyn Maclure (eds.) - 2023 - McGill-Queen's University Press.
    James Tully is one of the world’s most influential political philosophers at work today. Over the past thirty years – first with Strange Multiplicity (1995), and more fully with Public Philosophy in a New Key (2008) and On Global Citizenship (2014) – Tully has developed a distinctive approach to the study of political philosophy, democracy, and active citizenship for a deeply diverse world and a de-imperializing age. Civic Freedom in an Age of Diversity explores, elucidates, and questions Tully’s innovative approach, (...)
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  18.  26
    Interpreting Modernity: Essays on the Work of Charles Taylor.Jacob Levy, Jocelyn Maclure & Daniel Weinstock (eds.) - 2020 - Chicago: McGill-Queen's University Press.
    There are few philosophical questions to which Charles Taylor has not devoted his attention. His work has made powerful contributions to our understanding of action, language, and mind. He has had a lasting impact on our understanding of the way in which the social sciences should be practised, taking an interpretive stance in opposition to dominant positivist methodologies. Taylor's powerful critiques of atomist versions of liberalism have redefined the agenda of political philosophers. He has produced prodigious intellectual histories aiming to (...)
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  19.  16
    A strong evaluator.Jocelyn Maclure - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 44 (7):734-735.
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  20.  19
    De l'herméneutique de la modernité à l'éthique normative : Commentaire sur Modern Social Imaginaries.Jocelyn Maclure - 2006 - Philosophiques 33 (2):493-498.
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  21. Introduction. Le naturalisme raisonnable et la résistance humaniste au réductionnisme.Jocelyn Maclure - 2019 - In Markus Gabriel (ed.), Le néoexistentialisme: penser l'esprit humain après l'échec du naturalisme. [Québec]: Presses de l'Université Laval.
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  22. Introduction : reasonable naturalism and the humanistic resistance to reductionism.Jocelyn Maclure - 2018 - In Markus Gabriel (ed.), Neo-existentialism: how to conceive of the human mind after naturalism's failure. Medford, MA: Polity Press.
     
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  23.  18
    La reconnaissance engage-t-elle à l’essentialisme?Jocelyn Maclure - 2007 - Philosophiques 34 (1):77-96.
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  24. L'accomodamento ragionevole e la concezione soggettiva della libertà di coscienza.Jocelyn Maclure - 2012 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 25 (2):349-368.
     
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  25.  22
    Political Secularism And Public Reason. Three Remarks On Audi's Democratic Authority And The Separation Of Church And State.Jocelyn Maclure - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 3 (2).
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  26.  32
    Reasonable Accommodation and the Subjective Conception of Freedom of Con-science and Religion.Jocelyn Maclure - 2012 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 25 (2):349-368.
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  27.  20
    The Merits and Limits of Conscience-Based Legal Exemptions.Jocelyn Maclure - 2020 - Criminal Law and Philosophy (1):127-134.
    Exemption claims remain a tangled and divisive moral and legal issue both in academia and in the public sphere. In his book Exemptions: Necessary, Justified, or Misguided?, the constitutional scholar Kent Greenawalt zeros in on the vexed question of whether exemptions from rules of general applicability based on the conscientious convictions of individuals or groups are sometimes justified or prudent by discussing a wide range of cases drawn from the American jurisprudence. Although he does not engage in a significant way (...)
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  28.  9
    Charles Taylor: A Biographical Sketch.Daniel M. Weinstock, Jacob T. Levy & Jocelyn Maclure - 2020 - In Jacob Levy, Jocelyn Maclure & Daniel Weinstock (eds.), Interpreting Modernity: Essays on the Work of Charles Taylor. Chicago: McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 3-18.
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