Results for 'Jiri Zavadil'

364 found
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  1.  24
    The IARC Monographs: Updated procedures for modern and transparent evidence synthesis in cancer hazard identification.Jonathan M. Samet, Weihsueh A. Chiu, Vincent Cogliano, Jennifer Jinot, David Kriebel, Ruth M. Lunn, Frederick A. Beland, Lisa Bero, Patience Browne, Lin Fritschi, Jun Kanno, Dirk W. Lachenmeier, Qing Lan, Gérard Lasfargues, Frank Le Curieux, Susan Peters, Pamela Shubat, Hideko Sone, Mary C. White, Jon Williamson, Marianna Yakubovskaya, Jack Siemiatycki, Paul A. White, Kathryn Z. Guyton, Mary K. Schubauer-Berigan, Amy L. Hall, Yann Grosse, Véronique Bouvard, Lamia Benbrahim-Tallaa, Fatiha El Ghissassi, Béatrice Lauby-Secretan, Bruce Armstrong, Rodolfo Saracci, Jiri Zavadil, Kurt Straif & Christopher P. Wild - unknown
    The Monographs produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) apply rigorous procedures for the scientific review and evaluation of carcinogenic hazards by independent experts. The Preamble to the IARC Monographs, which outlines these procedures, was updated in 2019, following recommendations of a 2018 expert Advisory Group. This article presents the key features of the updated Preamble, a major milestone that will enable IARC to take advantage of recent scientific and procedural advances made during the 12 years since (...)
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  2. Brief Notices.Jiří Fajt & Markus Hörsch - 2008 - Speculum 83 (2):501.
  3.  35
    On quasivarieties and varieties as categories.Jiří Adámek - 2004 - Studia Logica 78 (1-2):7 - 33.
    Finitary quasivarieties are characterized categorically by the existence of colimits and of an abstractly finite, regularly projective regular generator G. Analogously, infinitary quasivarieties are characterized: one drops the assumption that G be abstractly finite. For (finitary) varieties the characterization is similar: the regular generator is assumed to be exactly projective, i.e., hom(G, –) is an exact functor. These results sharpen the classical characterization theorems of Lawvere, Isbell and other authors.
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  4.  2
    Newtonova metodologie a kritika mechanického materialismu.Roman Zavadil - 2020 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 42 (2):285-304.
    This article will introduce Isaac Newton’s fundamental methodological concepts applied for a solution concerning a question of gravity in his Principia Mathematica. The method of deduction of propositions from phenomena can be described as demonstrative induction. The main aim is to show that this method proposed by Newton explicitly contains a criticism of hypothetico-deductive methodology as an inadequate approach to the study of nature. As opposed to hypothetico-deductive method, demonstrative induction is capable of producing theories with much richer empirical and (...)
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  5.  2
    Ethic of Science: juridical norms in East European countries.Jiri F. Haderka - 1991 - Global Bioethics 4 (12):39-52.
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  6.  35
    Accessible categories, saturation and categoricity.Jiří Rosický - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):891-901.
    Model-theoretic concepts of saturation and categoricity are studied in the context of accessible categories. Accessible categories which are categorical in a strong sense are related to categories of $M$-sets ($M$ is a monoid). Typical examples of such categories are categories of $\lambda$-saturated objects.
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  7.  23
    Bečvář Jiří. Real-time and complexity problems in automata theory. English with Czech summary. Kybernetika , vol. 1 , pp. 475–498. [REVIEW]Stephen A. Cook - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):346-346.
  8.  8
    Review: Jiri Becvar, Real-Time and Complexity Problems in Automata Theory. [REVIEW]Stephen A. Cook - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):346-346.
  9.  3
    Automated construction of bounded-loss imperfect-recall abstractions in extensive-form games.Jiří Čermák, Viliam Lisý & Branislav Bošanský - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 282 (C):103248.
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  10. Brain electrical activity and subjective experience during altered states of consciousness: Ganzfeld and hypnagogic states.Jirí Wackerman, Peter Pütz, Simone Büchi, Inge Strauch & Dietrich Lehmann - 2002 - International Journal of Psychophysiology 46 (2):123-146.
  11.  53
    Psychophysics as a science of primary experience.Jiří Wackermann - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (2):189 – 206.
    In Fechner's psychophysics, the 'mental' and the 'physical' were conceived as two phenomenal domains, connected by functional relations, not as two ontologically different realms. We follow the path from Fechner's foundational ideas and Mach's radical programme of a unitary science to later approaches to primary, psychophysically neutral experience (phenomenology, protophysics). We propose an 'integral psychophysics' as a mathematical study of law-like, invariant structures of primary experience. This approach is illustrated by a reinterpretation of psychophysical experiments in terms of perceptual situations (...)
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  12. Man and (his) work Althusser and Foucault on the position of Marx in the history of thought.Jiri Ruzicka - 2011 - Filosoficky Casopis 59 (2):207-232.
     
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  13.  22
    Note on definition of recursiveness.Jiří Hořejš - 1964 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 10 (8):119-120.
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  14.  8
    What is the Future of Indian Philosophy?Jiří Holba - 2019 - Journal of World Philosophies 4 (1):177-184.
    The History of Indian Philosophy consists of fifty-eight chapters, written by specialists across a diverse range of general and particularized topics on Indic philosophical traditions. The editorial credit for this extensive volume also belongs to a number of associate editors, including Amy Rayner, John Powers, Christopher Chapple, Stephen Phillips, and Richard King. There is, however, a shift evident in the methodological approach of this volume as compared to earlier orientalist and historical accounts. As Bilimoria notes in his preface, the editors (...)
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  15. "Jiri Pechar and his criticism of the traditional translation on the Kantian term" Verstand".J. Kunes - 2003 - Filosoficky Casopis 51 (1):119-129.
  16.  9
    Trembling Meaning: Camera Instability and Gilbert Simondon's Transduction in Czech Archival Film.Jiří Anger - 2021 - Film-Philosophy 25 (1):18-41.
    Many experimental found footage films base their meanings and effects on an interaction between the figurative content of the image and its material-technological underpinnings. Can this interaction arise accidentally without artistic appropriation? A recently digitised film by the Czech cinema pioneer Jan Kříženecký, Opening Ceremony of the Čech Bridge (1908), presents such an exercise in accidental aesthetics. At one point, the horizontal and vertical trembling of the cinematograph – obtained from the Lumière brothers – translates into a trembling of the (...)
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  17.  11
    Herbrandizing search problems in Bounded Arithmetic.Jiří Hanika - 2004 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (6):577-586.
    We study search problems and reducibilities between them with known or potential relevance to bounded arithmetic theories. Our primary objective is to understand the sets of low complexity consequences of theories Si2 and Ti2 for a small i, ideally in a rather strong sense of characterization; or, at least, in the standard sense of axiomatization. We also strive for maximum combinatorial simplicity of the characterizations and axiomatizations, eventually sufficient to prove conjectured separation results. To this end two techniques based on (...)
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  18. Sociální inovace: doba hledání a tříbení.Jiří Loudín - 2015 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 37 (1):97-112.
    Přehledová studie sleduje a analyzuje proměny pojmu sociální inovace. Na základě silné společenské poptávky se z původně dílčí, teoreticky nediskutované a nefixované kategorie stává kategorie obecná. Pokrývá širokou oblast nemateriálních inovací a zároveň se profiluje jako aktivita normativní a intencionální, zaměřená na obecně uznávané sociální cíle. Co do ideově-hodnotových orientací současných koncepcí sociálních inovací studie identifikuje kromě mainstreamu, který zůstává u otevřených hodnotových charakteristik, ještě směr emancipačně-mobilizační a sociálně-tržně odpovědný. V epistemologické rovině se teoretici sociálních inovací hlásí především k praktickému (...)
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  19.  8
    The Archive of the Institute of N. P. Kondakov.Jiři Roháček - 2014 - Convivium 1 (1):219-221.
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  20.  2
    Systemic Approach to the Development of Reading Literacy: Family Resources, School Grades, and Reading Motivation in Fourth-Grade Pupils.Jiří Mudrák, Kateřina Zábrodská & Lea Takács - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The successful early acquisition of reading literacy represents a crucial learning process determining the further course of academic development (Stanovich, 2009). During this process, interactions between children and their proximal social environment are of utmost importance. Therefore, we introduce a systemic framework for the development of learning potential (e.g., Mudrak et al., 2015, 2019, 2019b; Ziegler & Stoeger, 2017) and explore the interactions between the social and motivational processes associated with reading literacy development in school-age children. We base our analysis (...)
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  21.  7
    Note on definition of recursiveness.Jiří Hořejš - 1964 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 10 (8):119-120.
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  22.  4
    On the road to S tockholm: A case study of the failure of Cold War international environmental initiatives ( Prague Symposium, 1971).Jiří Janáč & Doubravka Olšáková - 2021 - Centaurus 63 (1):132-149.
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  23. Jĭrí Fuchs, Illusion of Sceptics. [REVIEW]Juan José Sanguineti - 2015 - Acta Philosophica 24 (2).
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  24.  11
    Bečvář Jiří. A universal Turing machine with a programming tape. Colloquium on the Foundations of Mathematics, Mathematical Machines and Their Applications, Tihany, 11–15 September 1962, edited by Kalmár László, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 1965, pp. 11–20. [REVIEW]R. M. Baer - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):535-535.
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  25.  9
    Review: Jiri Becvar, A Universal Turing Machine with a Programming Tape. [REVIEW]R. M. Baer - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):535-535.
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  26.  2
    Jiří Menzel’s treatment of sacrifice.Daniel Brennan - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):208-220.
    The paper explores the philosophical treatment of sacrifice in four of Jiří Menzel’s films of the 1960’s, Closely observed trains, Capricious summer, Mr Balthazar’s death, his short film contribution to the anthology film of the New Wave, Pearls of the deep, and Larks on a string. The paper argues that Menzel problematizes romanticized versions of messianic sacrifice as they all too easily disregard the moral significance of mundane relations. By analysing the treatment of sacrifice in each of these films, the (...)
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  27.  5
    A semio-psychological theory of communication in music.Jirí Kulka - 1995 - In Eero Tarasti (ed.), Musical Signification: Essays in the Semiotic Theory and Analysis of Music. Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 279--284.
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  28.  11
    The dynamics of social problems and transformations of Czechoslovak society.Jiri Kabele & Ronald Radzai - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  29. Constructional vs. Denotational Conception of Aboutness.Jiri Raclavsky - 2014 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 21 (2):219-236.
    Anotace Following Carnap's Principle of Subject Matter, Pavel Tichý proposed a methodological principle I call the "Denotational Principle of Aboutness". It says that expressions are about their denotata. Denotata are modelled as possible world intensions or (common) extensions. Nearly the same principle was recently defended by Marie Duží and Pavel Materna under the name the "Parmenides Principle". However, Duží and Materna did not react to Tichý's late proposal which I call the "Constructional Principle of Aboutness". It says that the subject (...)
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  30.  2
    Knowledge, Representation and the Dynamics of Computation.Jiří Wiedermann & Jan van Leeuwen - 2017 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Raffaela Giovagnoli (eds.), Representation of Reality: Humans, Other Living Organism and Intelligent Machines. Springer.
    Cognitive processes are often modelled in computational terms. Can this still be done if only minimal assumptions are made about any sort of representation of reality? Is there a purely knowledge-based theory of computation that explains the key phenomena which are deemed to be computational in both living and artificial systems as understood today? We argue that this can be done by means of techniques inspired by the modelling of dynamical systems. In this setting, computations are defined as curves in (...)
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  31. Přeložil Jiří Pechar. 1. vyd. Praha.Jean-Francois Rozepře Lyotard - forthcoming - Filosofia.
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  32. Dasein after the turn.Jiri Michalek - 2011 - Filosoficky Casopis 59 (6):851-864.
     
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  33.  42
    Possible behaviours of the reflection ordering of stationary sets.Jiří Witzany - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (2):534-547.
    If S, T are stationary subsets of a regular uncountable cardinal κ, we say that S reflects fully in $T, S , if for almost all α ∈ T (except a nonstationary set) S ∩ α is stationary in α. This relation is known to be a well-founded partial ordering. We say that a given poset P is realized by the reflection ordering if there is a maximal antichain $\langle X_p; p \in P\rangle$ of stationary subsets of $\operatorname{Reg}(\kappa)$ so that (...)
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  34.  5
    Deregulation vs. Re-regulation.Jiri Schwarz - 2001 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 11 (4).
    The classical liberal approach to deregulation is based on the consecutive elimination of state regulatory activities and their substitution by competitive market structure. Increasing competition accompanied with decreasing arbitrary state agencies’ interventions will undoubtedly cultivate the behaviour of market agents and bring benefits to consumers.The classical liberal approach to deregulation is incompatible with the EU deregulation model, which in case of network industries is still based on the permanent existence of regulatory agencies, Third-Party-Access, public service liability, centralized control of investments (...)
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  35. Design of universal multifunction conveyor.Jiri Misurec & Vit Novotny - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 26--25.
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  36.  15
    German constitutional doctrine in the 1920s and 1930s and pitfalls of the contemporary conception of normality in biology and medicine. [REVIEW]Jirí Vácha - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (4):339-368.
    From the end of the First World War, a broad discussion took place within the framework of the revived German constitutional teaching on the question of the physical normality of man. The founder of the so-called statistical concept of normality, which preceded the still widespread normal (reference) interval concept, is H. Rautmann, who gave it the character of a tool for discriminating between health and disease. Among some of his successors (Bauer, Borchardt, Günther), however, it was considered more a means (...)
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  37. Existential Import and Relations of Categorical and Modal Categorical Statements.Jiri Raclavsky - 2018 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 27 (3): 271-300.
    I examine the familiar quadruple of categorical statements “Every F is/is not G.”, “Some F is/is not G.” as well as the quadruple of their modal versions “Necessarily, every F is/is not G.”, “Possibly, some F is/is not G.”. I focus on their existential import and its impact on the resulting Squares of Opposition. Though my construal of existential import follows modern approach, I add some extra details which are enabled by framing my definition of existential import within expressively rich (...)
     
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  38. O vlivu světa 3 na svět 2.Jiří Raclavský - 2004 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 11 (3):272-277.
    In his conception of worlds 1-3 Popper did not make clear how the world 3 can influence on world 2 or 1 . On example of music we can see that any human invention of “new” tone combination cannot affect already given tone combinatorics which is in world 3 . Similarily “new” scientific theory cannot make any change in world 3 where all theories are – according to Popper – settled. Opposite direction of influence seems neither possible: human mind can (...)
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  39.  90
    Integrating inconsistent data in a probabilistic model.Jiří Vomlel - 2004 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 14 (3):367-386.
    In this paper we discuss the process of building a joint probability distribution from an input set of low-dimensional probability distributions. Since the solution of the problem for a consistent input set of probability distributions is known we concentrate on a setup where the input probability distributions are inconsistent. In this case the iterative proportional fitting procedure, which converges in the consistent case, tends to come to cycles. We propose a new algorithm that converges even in inconsistent case. The important (...)
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  40. Abstract and Concrete Individuals and Projection.Jiri Raclavsky - 2017 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 24 (supplementary):74-88.
    Two kinds of individuals are distinguished: abstract and concrete. Whereas abstract individuals belong to our conceptual sphere, concrete individuals (i.e. particulars) individuate the world of matter. A subject investigating the external world projects abstract individuals onto concrete ones. The proposal offers a solution to various metaphysical and epistemological puzzles concerned with individuals, e.g., the Ship of Theseus, the Polish Logician, problems with reidentification, or proper names.
     
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  41.  1
    Psychosemiotic transformation in the arts.Jiří Kulka - 1992 - Semiotica 89 (1-3):25-34.
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  42.  22
    Jiri Hudecek, Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics: Mathematics, History and Politics in the Work of Wu Wen-Tsun. New York: Routledge, 2014. Pp. xii + 210. ISBN 978-0-4157-0296-6. £90.00. [REVIEW]Ubiratan D'Ambrosio - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Science 49 (1):143-144.
  43. Institution as the Model of Meaning: Gehlen and Merleau-Ponty on the Question of Anthropology.Jiří Klouda & Jan Halák - 2018 - Filosoficky Casopis 66 (6):869-888.
    [This paper is written in Czech language.] The aim of the article is to re-evaluate the still-surviving anthropological trope which, in reaction to an inquiry into the essence of man, compares humans with animals and points to culture as the means by which humans complete their “deficient” nature. This motif contrasting humans with animals has been extended by A. Gehlen who characterises humans as “beings of deficiencies”. In his view, the morphological-instinctive insufficiency of the human being must be stabilised by (...)
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  44. Heideggerův pohyb mimo doménu vůle, mimo sféru metafyziky k naladění ne-chtění.Jiří Olšovský - 2014 - E-Logos 21 (1):1-17.
    Studie ukazuje, jak se problm vle stval pro Heideggera v jeho zralm bytostn djinnm mylen problematickm. Heidegger se pozvolna zbavoval (od poloviny tictch let) voluntrnho pstupu ke jsoucnu, v bytostn djinnm obratu spl k ryzmu ne-chtn. Zaal se rsovat odstup od svta svvoln vdotechniky smrem k vt otevenosti vi byt. K tomu je zapoteb nachzet ryz tubyt (Da-sein) a pibliovat se k pvodnmu byt sammu (Seyn). Tehdy se me otevrat ne-voluntrn smysl uvlastovn byt, kdy se pekrauje novovka subjektivita a s (...)
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  45. Post keynesiánská makroekonomická metodologie a její odlišnosti od hlavního proudu ekonomie.Jiří Štekláč - 2013 - E-Logos 20 (1):1-18.
    Během nedávno započaté hospodářské krize se paralelně s aplikací netradičních hospodářských politik zvýšil tlak na potlačení ortodoxních ekonomických teorií hlavního proudu a po několika desetiletích se v ekonomii znovu otevírá prostor pro nové teorie, metodologie, paradigmata. Cíle této práce jsou tři. Cílem prvním je obecná sumarizace základních východisek post keynesiánské ekonomické metodologie. Cílem druhým je pak jasné vymezení této heterogenní teorie vůči neoklasické metodologii s ambicí zcela od základů alternovat tuto starou metodologii. A konečně cílem třetím je analýza architektury post (...)
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  46.  8
    Heidegger--A Philosopher for the Next Century? (in Czech).Jiri Michalek - forthcoming - Filosoficky Casopis.
    The article presents an overview concerning Heidegger's work and life, especially with respect to the contemporary state of publishing of his texts. The article aims at showing a continuity in Heidegger's Thinking of Being on one hand, but, on the other hand, stresses also necessity of a new assessment of his thought, if we take into consideration some recently published manuscripts (especially vol. 65 and 66). The necessity of a new assessment concerns also his personal standpoints during the time of (...)
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  47.  2
    Theory of Reflection and Cybernetics: The Concepts of Reflection and Information and Their Significance for Materialist Monism.Jiří Zeman - 1988 - Elsevier.
  48.  1
    Hearing and Listening in the Context of Passivity and Activity.Jiří Zelenka - 2021 - Open Philosophy 4 (1):190-197.
    The aim of this article is to demonstrate the phenomenologically grounded dynamics of hearing and listening as a possible approach to our sonic experience. Its starting point is the studies of contemporary urban spaces devoted to their sonic experience. The results of these studies and their interpretation will serve as a starting point for the introduction of dynamics of hearing and listening. In the next part of this article, I will focus on the elaboration of this relationship with regard to (...)
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  49.  75
    Analogy and Understanding.Jiri Syrovatka - 2000 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 15 (3):435-450.
    Analogy is taken into consideration by its didactive and heuristic functions. Analogic changes are analyzed in the form of syntactic-semantic graphs. Their recognizable structural similarity corresponds to the syntax or semantics in the analogy. The concept of analogy has subjective and objective aspects. The explanation in analogies is a dynamic transition from one concept structure to another. The possibility of analogy in the world is a statement about the disposition of the world. The possibility of analogy asserts something about the (...)
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  50.  49
    The 'internal' and 'external' moving forces of the development of physics.Jiri Marek - 1986 - Studies in East European Thought 31 (3):231-237.
1 — 50 / 364