45 found
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  1.  50
    Designing for human rights in AI.Jeroen van den Hoven & Evgeni Aizenberg - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (2).
    In the age of Big Data, companies and governments are increasingly using algorithms to inform hiring decisions, employee management, policing, credit scoring, insurance pricing, and many more aspects of our lives. Artificial intelligence systems can help us make evidence-driven, efficient decisions, but can also confront us with unjustified, discriminatory decisions wrongly assumed to be accurate because they are made automatically and quantitatively. It is becoming evident that these technological developments are consequential to people’s fundamental human rights. Despite increasing attention to (...)
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  2.  74
    Engineering and the Problem of Moral Overload.Jeroen Van den Hoven, Gert-Jan Lokhorst & Ibo Van de Poel - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):143-155.
    When thinking about ethics, technology is often only mentioned as the source of our problems, not as a potential solution to our moral dilemmas. When thinking about technology, ethics is often only mentioned as a constraint on developments, not as a source and spring of innovation. In this paper, we argue that ethics can be the source of technological development rather than just a constraint and technological progress can create moral progress rather than just moral problems. We show this by (...)
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  3. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.Stefan Buijsman, Michael Klenk & Jeroen van den Hoven - forthcoming - In Nathalie Smuha (ed.), Cambridge Handbook on the Law, Ethics and Policy of AI. Cambridge University Press.
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly adopted in society, creating numerous opportunities but at the same time posing ethical challenges. Many of these are familiar, such as issues of fairness, responsibility and privacy, but are presented in a new and challenging guise due to our limited ability to steer and predict the outputs of AI systems. This chapter first introduces these ethical challenges, stressing that overviews of values are a good starting point but frequently fail to suffice due to the context (...)
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  4. Information Technology and Moral Philosophy.Jeroen van den Hoven & John Weckert (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Information technology is an integral part of the practices and institutions of post-industrial society. It is also a source of hard moral questions and thus is both a probing and relevant area for moral theory. In this volume, an international team of philosophers sheds light on many of the ethical issues arising from information technology, including informational privacy, digital divide and equal access, e-trust and tele-democracy. Collectively, these essays demonstrate how accounts of equality and justice, property and privacy benefit from (...)
     
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  5.  40
    Design for values and conceptual engineering.Herman Veluwenkamp & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2023 - Ethics and Information Technology 25 (1):1-12.
    Politicians and engineers are increasingly realizing that values are important in the development of technological artefacts. What is often overlooked is that different conceptualizations of these abstract values lead to different design-requirements. For example, designing social media platforms for deliberative democracy sets us up for technical work on completely different types of architectures and mechanisms than designing for so-called liquid or direct forms of democracy. Thinking about Democracy is not enough, we need to design for the proper conceptualization of these (...)
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  6. Breaking the filter bubble: democracy and design.Engin Bozdag & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (4):249-265.
    It has been argued that the Internet and social media increase the number of available viewpoints, perspectives, ideas and opinions available, leading to a very diverse pool of information. However, critics have argued that algorithms used by search engines, social networking platforms and other large online intermediaries actually decrease information diversity by forming so-called “filter bubbles”. This may form a serious threat to our democracies. In response to this threat others have developed algorithms and digital tools to combat filter bubbles. (...)
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  7.  13
    Designing in Ethics.Jeroen van den Hoven, Seumas Miller & Thomas Pogge (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Many of our interactions in the twenty-first century - both good and bad - take place by means of institutions, technology, and artefacts. We inhabit a world of implements, instruments, devices, systems, gadgets, and infrastructures. Technology is not only something that we make, but is also something that in many ways makes us. The discipline of ethics must take this constitutive feature of institutions and technology into account; thus, ethics must in turn be embedded in our institutions and technology. The (...)
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  8.  26
    Ethics and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: The Case for Comprehensive Engineering: Commentary on “Using Student Engagement to Relocate Ethics to the Core of the Engineering Curriculum”.Jeroen van den Hoven - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (6):1789-1797.
    In the twenty-first century, the urgent problems the world is facing (the UN Sustainable Development Goals) are increasingly related to vast and intricate ‘systems of systems’, which comprise both socio-technical and eco-systems. In order for engineers to adequately and responsibly respond to these problems, they cannot focus on only one technical or any other aspect in isolation, but must adopt a wider and multidisciplinary perspective of these systems, including an ethical and social perspective. Engineering curricula should therefore focus on what (...)
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  9.  37
    The future of work: freedom, justice and capital in the age of artificial intelligence.Filippo Santoni de Sio, Txai Almeida & Jeroen van den Hoven - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
  10. Information technology, privacy, and the protection of personal data.Jeroen Van Den Hoven - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
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  11.  22
    The Importance of Ethics in Modern Universities of Technology.Behnam Taebi, Jeroen van den Hoven & Stephanie J. Bird - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (6):1625-1632.
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  12.  11
    Ethics and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: The Case for Comprehensive Engineering: Commentary on “Using Student Engagement to Relocate Ethics to the Core of the Engineering Curriculum”.Jeroen van den Hoven - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (6):1789-1797.
    In the twenty-first century, the urgent problems the world is facing (the UN Sustainable Development Goals) are increasingly related to vast and intricate ‘systems of systems’, which comprise both socio-technical and eco-systems. In order for engineers to adequately and responsibly respond to these problems, they cannot focus on only one technical or any other aspect in isolation, but must adopt a wider and multidisciplinary perspective of these systems, including an ethical and social perspective. Engineering curricula should therefore focus on what (...)
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  13.  28
    Eight grand challenges for value sensitive design from the 2016 Lorentz workshop.Batya Friedman, Maaike Harbers, David G. Hendry, Jeroen van den Hoven, Catholijn Jonker & Nick Logler - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (1):5-16.
    In this article, we report on eight grand challenges for value sensitive design, which were developed at a one-week workshop, Value Sensitive Design: Charting the Next Decade, Lorentz Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, November 14–18, 2016. A grand challenge is a substantial problem, opportunity, or question that motives sustained research and design activity. The eight grand challenges are: Accounting for Power, Evaluating Value Sensitive Design, Framing and Prioritizing Values, Professional and Industry Appropriation, Tech policy, Values and Human Emotions, Value Sensitive Design (...)
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  14.  53
    Computer Ethics and Moral Methodology.Jeroen Van Den Hoven - 1997 - Metaphilosophy 28 (3):234-248.
    In computer ethics, as in other branches of applied ethics, the problem of the justification of moral judgment is still unresolved. I argue that the method which is referred to as “The Method of Wide Reflective Equilibrium” (WRE) offers the best solution to it. It does not fall victim to the false dilemma of having to choose either case‐based particularist or principle‐based universalist approaches to the problem of moral justification. I claim that WRE also provides the best model of practical (...)
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  15.  71
    Distributive justice and the value of information: A (broadly) Rawlsian approach.Jeroen van den Hoven & Emma Rooksby - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  16. Bibliometric mapping of computer and information ethics.Richard Heersmink, Jeroen van den Hoven, Nees Jan van Eck & Jan van den Berg - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (3):241-249.
    This paper presents the first bibliometric mapping analysis of the field of computer and information ethics (C&IE). It provides a map of the relations between 400 key terms in the field. This term map can be used to get an overview of concepts and topics in the field and to identify relations between information and communication technology concepts on the one hand and ethical concepts on the other hand. To produce the term map, a data set of over thousand articles (...)
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  17.  78
    Identifying the ethics of emerging information and communication technologies: An essay on issues, concepts and method.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Richard Heersmink, Philippe Goujon, Catherine Flick, Jeroen van den Hoven, Kutoma Wakunuma, Veikko Ikonen & Michael Rader - 2010 - International Journal of Technoethics 1 (4):20-38.
    Ethical issues of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are important because they can have significant effects on human liberty, happiness, and people’s ability to lead a good life. They are also of functional interest because they can determine whether technologies are used and whether their positive potential can unfold. For these reasons, policy makers are interested in finding out what these issues are and how they can be addressed. The best way of creating ICT policy that is sensitive to ethical (...)
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  18.  40
    Deontic logic and computer-supported computer ethics.Jeroen Van Den Hoven & Gert-Jan Lokhorst - 2002 - In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: the intersection of philosophy and computing. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 376-386.
  19.  9
    Deontic Logic and Computer‐Supported Computer Ethics.Jeroen Van Den Hoven & Gert-Jan Lokhorst - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (3):376-386.
    We provide a description and informal analysis of the commonalities in moral discourse concerning issues in the field of information and communications technology, present a logic model (DEAL) of this type of moral discourse that makes use of recent research in deontic, epistemic, and action logic, and indicate – drawing upon recent research in computer implementations of modal logic – how information systems may be developed that implement the proposed formalization.
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  20.  22
    From dignity to security protocols: a scientometric analysis of digital ethics.René Mahieu, Nees Jan van Eck, David van Putten & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (3):175-187.
    Our lives are increasingly intertwined with the digital realm, and with new technology, new ethical problems emerge. The academic field that addresses these problems—which we tentatively call ‘digital ethics’—can be an important intellectual resource for policy making and regulation. This is why it is important to understand how the new ethical challenges of a digital society are being met by academic research. We have undertaken a scientometric analysis to arrive at a better understanding of the nature, scope and dynamics of (...)
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  21.  47
    Moral Responsibility: Beyond Free Will and Determinism.Nicole A. Vincent, Ibo van de Poel & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    This book'¬"s chapters deal with a range of theoretical problems discussed in classic compatibilist literature '¬ ; e.g. the relationship between ...
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  22.  69
    Nano-technology and privacy: On continuous surveillance outside the panopticon.Jeroen Van Den Hoven & Pieter E. Vermaas - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (3):283 – 297.
    We argue that nano-technology in the form of invisible tags, sensors, and Radio Frequency Identity Chips (RFIDs) will give rise to privacy issues that are in two ways different from the traditional privacy issues of the last decades. One, they will not exclusively revolve around the idea of centralization of surveillance and concentration of power, as the metaphor of the Panopticon suggests, but will be about constant observation at decentralized levels. Two, privacy concerns may not exclusively be about constraining information (...)
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  23. Towards a digital ethics: EDPS ethics advisory group.J. Peter Burgess, Luciano Floridi, Aurélie Pols & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2018 - EDPS Ethics Advisory Group.
    The EDPS Ethics Advisory Group (EAG) has carried out its work against the backdrop of two significant social-political moments: a growing interest in ethical issues, both in the public and in the private spheres and the imminent entry into force of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in May 2018. For some, this may nourish a perception that the work of the EAG represents a challenge to data protection professionals, particularly to lawyers in the field, as well as to companies (...)
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  24. Values for a Post-Pandemic Future.Matthew J. Dennis, Ishmaev Georgy, Steven Umbrello & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2022 - In Matthew J. Dennis, Georgy Ishmaev, Steven Umbrello & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.), Values for a Post-Pandemic Future. Cham: Springer. pp. 1-19.
    The costs of the COVID-19 pandemic are yet to be calculated, but they include the loss of millions of lives and the destruction of countless livelihoods. What is certain is that the SARS-CoV-2 virus has changed the way we live for the foreseeable future. It has forced many to live in ways they would have previously thought impossible. As well as challenging scientists and medical professionals to address urgent value conflicts in the short term, COVID-19 has raised slower-burning value questions (...)
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  25. The Future of Value Sensitive Design.Batya Friedman, David Hendry, Steven Umbrello, Jeroen Van Den Hoven & Daisy Yoo - 2020 - Paradigm Shifts in ICT Ethics: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference ETHICOMP 2020.
    In this panel, we explore the future of value sensitive design (VSD). The stakes are high. Many in public and private sectors and in civil society are gradually realizing that taking our values seriously implies that we have to ensure that values effectively inform the design of technology which, in turn, shapes people’s lives. Value sensitive design offers a highly developed set of theory, tools, and methods to systematically do so.
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  26.  11
    Responsible Innovation 1: Innovative Solutions for Global Issues.Neelke Doorn, Bert-Jaap Koops, Henny Romijn, Tsjalling Swierstra & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Imprint: Springer.
    This book addresses the methodological issues involved in responsible innovation and provides an overview of recent applications of multidisciplinary research. Responsible innovation involves research into the ethical and societal aspects of new technologies (e.g. ICT, nanotechnology, biotechnology and brain sciences) and of changes in technological systems (e.g. energy, transport, agriculture and water). This research is highly multidisciplinary. It involves close collaboration between researchers in such diverse fields as ethics, social science, law, economics, applied science, engineering - as well as innovative, (...)
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  27.  47
    Nanotechnology and Privacy.Jeroen van den Hoven - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (2):215-228.
    The development of ever smaller integrated circuits at the sub-micron and nanoscale—in accordance with Moore’s Law—drives the production of very small tags, smart cards, smart labels and sensors. Nanoelectronics and submicron technology supports surveillance technology which is practically invisible. I argue that one of the most urgent and immediate concerns associated with nanotechnology is privacy. Computing in the twenty-first century will not only be pervasive and ubiquitous, but also inconspicuous. If these features are not counteracted in design, they will facilitate (...)
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  28.  66
    Designing for Trust: A Case of Value-Sensitive Design.Pieter E. Vermaas, Yao-Hua Tan, Jeroen van den Hoven, Brigitte Burgemeestre & Joris Hulstijn - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3):491-505.
    In this paper, we consider the meaning, roles, and uses of trust in the economic and public domain, focusing on the task of designing systems for trust in information technology. We analyze this task by means of a survey of what trust means in the economic and public domain, using the model proposed by Lewicki and Bunker, and using the emerging paradigm of value-sensitive design. We explore the difficulties developers face when designing information technology for trust and show how our (...)
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  29.  73
    E-democracy, e-contestation and the monitorial citizen.Jeroen van den Hoven - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (2):51-59.
    It is argued that Pettit’s conception of “contestatory democracy” is superior to deliberative, direct and epistemic democracy. The strong and weak points of these conceptions are discussed drawing upon the work of a.o Bruce Bimber. It is further argued that ‘contestation’ and ‘information’ are highly relevant notions in thinking about, just, viable and sustainable design for E-democracy.
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  30. Issues, concepts and methods relating to the identification of the ethics of emerging ICTs.Bernd Stahl, Richard Heersmink, Philippe Goujon, Catherine Flick, Jeroen van den Hoven, Kutoma Wakunuma, Veikko Ikonen & Michael Rader - 2010 - Communications of the IIMA 10 (1):33-43.
    Ethical issues of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are important because they can have significant effects on human liberty, happiness, their ability to lead a good life. They are also of functional interest because they can determine whether technologies are used and whether their positive potential can unfold. For these reasons policy makers are interested in finding out what these issues are and how they can be addressed. The best way of creating ICT policy that is sensitive to ethical issues (...)
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  31.  23
    Introduction to the special issue: value sensitive design: charting the next decade.Batya Friedman, Maaike Harbers, David G. Hendry, Jeroen van den Hoven, Catholijn Jonker & Nick Logler - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (1):1-3.
    In this article, we introduce the Special Issue, Value Sensitive Design: Charting the Next Decade, which arose from a week-long workshop hosted by Lorentz Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, November 14–18, 2016. Forty-one researchers and designers, ranging in seniority from doctoral students to full professors, from Australia, Europe, and North America, and representing a wide range of academic fields participated in the workshop. The first article in the special issue puts forward eight grand challenges for value sensitive design to help guide (...)
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  32.  15
    Physicians’ Professional Role in Clinical Care: AI as a Change Agent.Giorgia Pozzi & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (12):57-59.
    Doernberg and Truog (2023) provide an insightful analysis of the role of medical professionals in what they call spheres of morality. While their framework is useful for inquiring into the moral de...
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  33. Values for a Post-Pandemic Future.Matthew James Dennis, Georgy Ishmaev, Steven Umbrello & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.) - 2022 - Cham: Springer.
    This Open Access book shows how value sensitive design (VSD), responsible innovation, and comprehensive engineering can guide the rapid development of technological responses to the COVID-19 crisis. Responding to the ethical challenges of data-driven technologies and other tools requires thinking about values in the context of a pandemic as well as in a post-COVID world. Instilling values must be prioritized from the beginning, not only in the emergency response to the pandemic, but in how to proceed with new societal precedents (...)
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  34.  11
    Examining the assumptions of AI hiring assessments and their impact on job seekers’ autonomy over self-representation.Evgeni Aizenberg, Matthew J. Dennis & Jeroen van den Hoven - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-9.
    In this paper, we examine the epistemological and ontological assumptions algorithmic hiring assessments make about job seekers’ attributes (e.g., competencies, skills, abilities) and the ethical implications of these assumptions. Given that both traditional psychometric hiring assessments and algorithmic assessments share a common set of underlying assumptions from the psychometric paradigm, we turn to literature that has examined the merits and limitations of these assumptions, gathering insights across multiple disciplines and several decades. Our exploration leads us to conclude that algorithmic hiring (...)
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  35.  8
    Responsible Innovation 3: A European Agenda?Lotte Asveld, Saskia Lavrijssen, Kees Linse, Tsjalling Swierstra, Rietje van Dam-Mieras & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.) - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This book offers a comprehensive overview of current developments in the field of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). Divided into three parts, the book first presents reflections on the concept of RI from various angles: how did it come about, who is involved and how might in be applied in various contexts, such as the academic environment or in developing countries. The second part discusses the actual application of RRI to technology development: for climate engineering, water management and energy technology (...)
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  36.  42
    Editorial: ICT and the capability approach.Ilse Oosterlaken & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):65-67.
    In discussions about justice, development, well-being and equality, the capability approach (CA)Footnote1 founded by economist Amartya Sen and philosopher Martha Nussbaum attaches central importance to individual human capabilities. These are the effective freedoms or real opportunities of people to achieve valuable ‘beings and doings’ (also called ‘functionings’ by capability theorists). Resources—including technical artifacts—may contribute to the expansion of one’s capabilities, but there may also be all sorts of ‘conversion factors’ in place that prevent this. The approach highlights the ‘multidimensionality’ of (...)
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  37.  25
    CEPE '97: Computer ethics.David Preston & Jeroen van den Hoven - 1997 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 27 (3):4-5.
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  38. Applying our Common Morality: the Case of Privacy.Jeroen van den Hoven - 2005 - Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics 7 (1).
     
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  39.  30
    Editorial.Jeroen van den Hoven - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (4):247-247.
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  40. Identiteitsmanagement en morele identificatie.Jeroen van den Hoven & Noemi Manders-Huits - 2006 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 98 (2).
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  41.  20
    Legibility as a Design Principle: Surfacing Values in Sensing Technologies.Jeroen van den Hoven, John Bolte, Taylor Stone & Holly Robbins - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (5):1104-1135.
    This paper introduces the design principle of legibility as means to examine the epistemic and ethical conditions of sensing technologies. Emerging sensing technologies create new possibilities regarding what to measure, as well as how to analyze, interpret, and communicate said measurements. In doing so, they create ethical challenges for designers to navigate, specifically how the interpretation and communication of complex data affect moral values such as autonomy. Contemporary sensing technologies require layers of mediation and exposition to render what they sense (...)
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  42. The social epistemology of blogging.Jeroen van den Hoven & John Weckert - unknown
    The impact of the Internet on democracy is a widely discussed subject. Many writers view the Internet, potentially at least, as a boon to democracy and democratic practices. According to one popular theme, both e-mail and web pages give ordinary people powers of communication that have hitherto been the preserve of the relatively wealthy (Graham 1999, p. 79). So the Internet can be expected to close the influence gap between wealthy citizens and ordinary citizens, a weakness of many procedural democracies.
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  43.  43
    Ethics and Nanopharmacy: Value Sensitive Design of New Drugs. [REVIEW]Job Timmermans, Yinghuan Zhao & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (3):269-283.
    Although applications are being developed and have reached the market, nanopharmacy to date is generally still conceived as an emerging technology. Its concept is ill-defined. Nanopharmacy can also be construed as a converging technology, which combines features of multiple technologies, ranging from nanotechnology to medicine and ICT. It is still debated whether its features give rise to new ethical issues or that issues associated with nanopharma are merely an extension of existing issues in the underlying fields. We argue here that, (...)
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  44.  33
    Ethical requirements for reconfigurable sensor technology: a challenge for value sensitive design. [REVIEW]Francien Dechesne, Martijn Warnier & Jeroen van den Hoven - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (3):173-181.
    Information technology is widely used to fulfill societal goals such as safety and security. These application areas put ever changing demands on the functionality of the technology. Designing technological appliances to be reconfigurable, thereby keeping them open to functionalities yet to be determined, will possibly allow the technology to fulfill these changing demands in an efficient way. In this paper we present a first exploration of potential societal and moral issues of reconfigurable sensors developed for application in the safety and (...)
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  45.  30
    Introduction: one thousand friends. [REVIEW]Dean Cocking, Jeroen van den Hoven & Job Timmermans - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (3):179-184.
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