Results for 'Jeremy R. Manning'

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  1.  5
    Episodic Memory: Mental Time Travel or a Quantum “Memory Wave” Function?Jeremy R. Manning - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (4):711-725.
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  2.  14
    MAGELLAN: A Cognitive Map–Based Model of Human Wayfinding.Jeremy R. Manning, Timothy F. Lew, Ningcheng Li, Robert Sekuler & Michael J. Kahana - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1314-1330.
  3.  5
    The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine.Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.) - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    _The_ _Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine _is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese medicine, and narrative medicine. Each of (...)
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  4.  5
    Judaism and Ethics.Daniel Jeremy Silver - 1971 - [New York]Ktav Pub. House.
    Introduction, by D. J. Silver.--The issues: Some current trends in ethical theory, by A. Edel. Contemporary problems in ethics from a Jewish perspective, by H. Jonas. What is the contemporary problematic of ethics in Christianity? By J. M. Gustafson. Modern images of man, by J. N. Hartt. Is there a common Judaeo-Christian ethical tradition? By I. M. Blank. Problematics of Jewish ethics, by M. A. Meyer. Revealed morality and modern thought, by N. Samuelson.--The Jewish background: Does Torah mean law? By (...)
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  5.  5
    Introducing philosophy of medicine: three new books: Jacob Stegenga, Care and cure: an introduction to philosophy of medicine, University of Chicago Press, 2018, 288 pp, $29, ISBN: 978-0-226-59-503-0 (paperback) R. Paul Thompson and Ross E.G. Upshur, Philosophy of medicine: an introduction, Routledge, 2018, 206 pp, $44.95, ISBN: 978-0-415-50-109-5 (paperback) Alex Broadbent, Philosophy of medicine, Oxford University Press, 2019, 296 pp, $33.95, ISBN: 978-0-19-061-214-6.Jeremy R. Simon - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (5):267-276.
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  6. Conceptual Space Modeling for Space Event Characterization.Jeremy R. Chapman, David Kasmier, David Limbaugh, Stephen R. Gagnon, John L. Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & Alexander P. Cox - 2020 - IEEE 23rd International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION).
    This paper provides a method for characterizing space events using the framework of conceptual spaces. We focus specifically on estimating and ranking the likelihood of collisions between space objects. The objective is to design an approach for anticipatory decision support for space operators who can take preventive actions on the basis of assessments of relative risk. To make this possible our approach draws on the fusion of both hard and soft data within a single decision support framework. Contextual data is (...)
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  7.  24
    Cultural Niche Construction and Human Learning Environments: Investigating Sociocultural Perspectives.Jeremy R. Kendal - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):241-250.
    Niche construction theory can be applied to examine the influence of culturally constructed learning environments on the acquisition and retention of beliefs, values, role expectations, and skills. Thus, NCT provides a quantitative framework to account for cultural-historical contingency affecting development and cultural evolution. Learning in a culturally constructed environment is of central concern to many sociologists, cognitive scientists, and sociocultural anthropologists, albeit often from different perspectives. This article summarizes four pertinent theories from these fields—situated learning, activity theory, practice theory, and (...)
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  8.  23
    A Computational Model of Event Segmentation From Perceptual Prediction.Jeremy R. Reynolds, Jeffrey M. Zacks & Todd S. Braver - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (4):613-643.
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  9.  19
    Collectivizing Rescue Obligations in Bioethics.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):3-11.
    Bioethicists invoke a duty to rescue in a wide range of cases. Indeed, arguably, there exists an entire medical paradigm whereby vast numbers of medical encounters are treated as rescue cases. The intuitive power of the rescue paradigm is considerable, but much of this power stems from the problematic way that rescue cases are conceptualized—namely, as random, unanticipated, unavoidable, interpersonal events for which context is irrelevant and beneficence is the paramount value. In this article, I critique the basic assumptions of (...)
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  10.  49
    Foucault and Religion: Spiritual Corporality and Political Spirituality.Jeremy R. Carrette - 1999 - Routledge.
    Foucault and Religion seeks to unearth a new dimension of Foucault scholarship. Renowned Foucault scholar Jeremy Carrette reveals not simply how Foucault's work can be applied to religion but how a religious question at the heart of Foucault's own work offers a radical challenge to religious ideas. Carrette argues that Foucault offers a twofold critique of Christianity by bringing the body and sexuality into religious practice and exploring a political spirituality of the self. This first major commentary on Foucault (...)
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  11.  62
    Emotional Modulation of Cognitive Control: Approach–Withdrawal States Double-Dissociate Spatial From Verbal Two-Back Task Performance.Jeremy R. Gray - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):436.
  12.  14
    The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy.Jeremy R. Garrett (ed.) - 2012 - Mit Press.
    A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified.
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  13. Utilitarianism, Vegetarianism, and Human Health: A Response to the Causal Impotence Objection.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):223–237.
  14. Medical Ontology.Jeremy R. Simon - 2011 - In Fred Gifford (ed.), Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.
  15.  63
    Implementing Dempster-Shafer Theory for Property Similarity in Conceptual Spaces Modeling.Jeremy R. Chapman, John L. Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & David Kasmier - 2022 - Sensor Systems and Information Systems IV, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) SCITECH Forum 2022.
    Previous work has shown that the Complex Conceptual Spaces − Single Observation Mathematical framework is a useful tool for event characterization. This mathematical framework is developed on the basis of Conceptual Spaces and uses integer linear programming to find the needed similarity values. The work of this paper is focused primarily on space event characterization. In particular, the focus is on the ranking of threats for malicious space events such as a kinetic kill. To make the Conceptual Spaces framework work, (...)
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  16.  49
    “Doctor, Will You Turn Off My LVAD?”.Jeremy R. Simon & Ruth L. Fischbach - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (1):14-15.
  17.  29
    Developing PFC Representations Using Reinforcement Learning.Jeremy R. Reynolds & Randall C. O’Reilly - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):281-292.
  18.  6
    More Than Warm Fuzzy Feelings: The Imperative of Institutional Morale in Hospital Pandemic Responses.Jeremy R. Garrett & Leslie Ann McNolty - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):92-94.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 92-94.
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  19.  56
    Constructive Realism and Medicine: An Approach to Medical Ontology.Jeremy R. Simon - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):353-366.
    Metaphysics is an essential part of philosophy of medicine, providing the background for further methodological work.Current accounts of the ontology of particular diseases may be classified as realist or anti-realist. Because strong arguments can be marshaled by both of these positions, an approach to medical ontology that draws support from both sides of this divide would be desirable. Abstract models, as described by Ronald Giere, provide such an approach.After a review of Giere’s account of mechanics, I show how abstract models (...)
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  20.  19
    What We Do When We Resuscitate Extremely Preterm Infants.Jeremy R. Garrett, Brian S. Carter & John D. Lantos - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8):1-3.
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  21. Conceptual Spaces for Space Event Characterization Via Hard and Soft Data Fusion.Jeremy R. Chapman, David Kasmier, David Limbaugh, Stephen R. Gagnon, John Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & Alexander P. Cox - 2021 - AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) Scitech 2021 Forum.
    The overall goal of the approach developed in this paper is to estimate the likelihood of a given kinetic kill scenario between hostile spacebased adversaries using the mathematical framework of Complex Conceptual Spaces Single Observation. Conceptual spaces are a cognitive model that provide a method for systematically and automatically mimicking human decision making. For accurate decisions to be made, the fusion of both hard and soft data into a single decision framework is required. This presents several challenges to this data (...)
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  22.  16
    Reframing the Ethical Debate Regarding Incidental Findings in Genetic Research.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2):44-46.
  23.  4
    Legal and Ethical Considerations for Requiring Consent for Apnea Testing in Brain Death Determination.Ivor Berkowitz & Jeremy R. Garrett - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):4-16.
    The past decade has witnessed escalating legal and ethical challenges to the diagnosis of death by neurologic criteria. The legal tactic of demanding consent for the apnea test, if successful, can halt the DNC. However, US law is currently unsettled and inconsistent in this matter. Consent has been required in several trial cases in Montana and Kansas but not in Virginia and Nevada. In this paper, we analyze and evaluate the legal and ethical bases for requiring consent before apnea testing (...)
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  24.  79
    Advertisement for the Ontology for Medicine.Jeremy R. Simon - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):333-346.
    The ontology of medicine—the question of whether disease entities are real or not—is an underdeveloped area of philosophical inquiry. This essay explains the primary question at issue in medical ontology, discusses why answering this question is important from both a philosophical and a practical perspective, and argues that the problem of medical ontology is unique, i.e., distinct, from the ontological problems raised by other sciences and therefore requires its own analysis.
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  25.  1
    Does Anyone Need to Regulate Parental Access to Fetal Genetic Information?Jeremy R. Garrett - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (2):28-30.
    Prospective parents have long been interested in knowing as much information about their children as early as possible. This interest is not—and never has been—strictly limited to significant “medi...
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  26.  5
    Two Agendas for Bioethics: Critique and Integration.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (6):440-447.
    Many bioethicists view the primary task of bioethics as ‘value clarification’. In this article, I argue that the field must embrace two more ambitious agendas that go beyond mere clarification. The first agenda, critique, involves unmasking, interrogating, and challenging the presuppositions that underlie bioethical discourse. These largely unarticulated premises establish the boundaries within which problems can be conceptualized and solutions can be imagined. The function of critique, then, is not merely to clarify these premises but to challenge them and the (...)
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  27.  16
    Marriage Unhitched From the State: A Defense.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2009 - Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (2):161-180.
    In 1970, President Richard Nixon expressed his unambiguous support for interracial marriage; as for same-sex marriage, he exclaimed, "I can't go that far—that's the year 2000" . Nixon's prescient remark, made shortly after the Supreme Court's 1967 decision in Loving v. Virginia to overturn anti-miscegenation laws, expresses at once hesitancy for, yet resigned acceptance of, the inevitable expansion of civil marriage to include more and more kinds of loving partnerships. Nearly forty years later, Nixon's uncanny prediction appears close to being (...)
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  28.  45
    Jeremy R. Carrette , Foucault and Religion: Spiritual Corporality and Political Spirituality , London and New York: Routledge Press, 2000.Jonathan Zeyl - 2005 - Foucault Studies 3:150-153.
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  29.  39
    How to Make Real, Constructive, Progress in Medicine.Jeremy R. Simon - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):847-851.
    Rationale One's understanding of medical progress – what it is, how it is pursued and how it is assessed – may be deeply dependent on one's understanding of the metaphysics of medicine, and of diseases in particular. -/- Aims and Objectives In this paper I present a new account of the nature of diseases, neither realist nor constructivist, and describe what progress in medicine looks like if we understand diseases in this way. -/- Conclusions This new account, Constructive Realism, may (...)
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  30.  46
    Bariatric Surgery and the Social Character of the Obesity Epidemic.Jeremy R. Garrett & Leslie Ann McNolty - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (12):20-22.
  31. Can Models of God Compete?Jeremy R. Hustwit - 2013 - In Jeanine Diller & Asa Kasher (eds.), Philosophia. Springer. pp. 907--913.
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  32.  11
    Prologomena to Any Future Pediatric Bioethics.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):63-65.
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  33.  7
    Victim and Culprit? The Effects of Entitlement and Felt Accountability on Perceptions of Abusive Supervision and Perpetration of Workplace Bullying.Jeremy D. Mackey, Jeremy R. Brees, Charn P. McAllister, Michelle L. Zorn, Mark J. Martinko & Paul Harvey - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (3):659-673.
    Although workplace bullying is common and has universally harmful effects on employees’ outcomes, little is known about workplace bullies. To address this gap in knowledge, we draw from the tenets of social exchange and displaced aggression theories in order to develop and test a model of workplace bullying that incorporates the effects of employees’ individual differences, perceptions of their work environments, and perceptions of supervisory treatment on their tendencies to bully coworkers. The results of mediated moderation analyses that examine responses (...)
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  34.  40
    The Nondiscriminating Heart: Lovingkindness Meditation Training Decreases Implicit Intergroup Bias.Yoona Kang, Jeremy R. Gray & John F. Dovidio - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1306-1313.
  35. Jeremy R. Carrette, Foucault and Religion: Spiritual Corporality and Political Spirituality Reviewed By.Edvard Lorkovic - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (4):247-249.
     
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  36.  11
    Bør Man Tillate at Norske Statsborgere Benytter Seg Av Surrogati I India?Annelin Haukeland, Liv Cathrine Heggebø & Kristine Bærøe - 2011 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):3-17.
    I Norge er ikke surrogati tillatt, og myndighetene fraråder norske statsborgere å benytte seg av surrogati i utlandet. I denne artikkelen fokuserer vi på kommersiell gestational surrogati og stiller spørsmålet: Bør man tillate at norske statsborgere benytter seg av surrogati i India? De etiske problemstillingene rundt surrogati er mange og sammensatte og blir spesielt utfordrende når tjenesten tilbys i et land med store kulturelle og økonomiske forskjeller både internt og i forhold til Norge. Vi baserer analysen og drøftingen av dette (...)
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  37.  48
    Why the Old Sexual Morality of the New Natural Law Undermines Traditional Marriage.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (4):591-622.
  38. A Prima Facie Case Against Civil Marriage.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2009 - Southwest Philosophy Review 25 (1):41-53.
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  39.  20
    Public Reasons for Private Vows: A Response to Gilboa.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2009 - Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (3):261-273.
    The question of whether a liberal state ought to recognize same-sex marriage must be situated within a broader inquiry into the proper relationship between political liberalism and marriage simpliciter. This general inquiry invites a diverse set of responses to the narrower question.A first widely held view—call it thick marital egalitarianism—sees a straightforward link from central liberal values, such as neutrality, equality, and nondiscrimination, to the full and equal inclusion of all willing partnerships into the thickly constituted, state-defined institution of marriage. (...)
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  40.  21
    A Framework for Analyzing the Ethics of Disclosing Genetic Research Findings.Lisa Eckstein, Jeremy R. Garrett & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):190-207.
    Over the past decade, there has been an extensive debate about whether researchers have an obligation to disclose genetic research findings, including primary and secondary findings. There appears to be an emerging (but disputed) view that researchers have some obligation to disclose some genetic findings to some research participants. The contours of this obligation, however, remain unclear. -/- As this paper will explore, much of this confusion is definitional or conceptual in nature. The extent of a researcher’s obligation to return (...)
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  41.  13
    Does a Prosocial-Selfish Distinction Help Explain the Biological Affects? Comment on Buck.Jeremy R. Gray - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (4):729-738.
  42. How to Avoid the Twin Perils of Anti-Empiricism and the Given.Jeremy R. Koons - 2002 - In Perspectives on Coherentism. Aylmer, Québec: Éditions Du Scribe.
     
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  43. Perspectives on Coherentism.Jeremy R. Koons - 2002 - Aylmer, Québec: Éditions Du Scribe.
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  44.  9
    Timothy P. Schultz. The Problem with Pilots: How Physicians, Engineers, and Airpower Enthusiasts Redefined Flight. Xviii + 243 Pp., Notes, Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018. $44.95 . ISBN 9781421424798. [REVIEW]Jeremy R. Kinney - 2019 - Isis 110 (2):432-433.
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  45.  48
    History, Tradition, and the Normative Foundations of Civil Marriage.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2008 - The Monist 91 (3-4):446-474.
  46.  22
    Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control Underlie the Relationship Between Fluid Intelligence and Working Memory Span.Gregory C. Burgess, Jeremy R. Gray, Andrew R. A. Conway & Todd S. Braver - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (4):674-692.
  47.  11
    It’s the Idiom, Stupid: A Plea for Formal Rhetorical Analysis in Bioethics.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):67-69.
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  48.  5
    Philosophy of medicine in 2021.Jeremy R. Simon & Maël Lemoine - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (5):187-191.
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  49.  14
    Jeremy R. Garrett, Ed. , The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy . Reviewed By.Patrick Clipsham - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (2):67-69.
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  50.  70
    Playing the Odds: A New Response to Lucretius's Symmetry Argument.Jeremy R. Simon - 2010 - European Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):414-424.
    Abstract: Most commentators have assumed that Lucretius's symmetry argument against the fear of death is flawed. There remains, however, dispute as to what the flaw is. After establishing what I understand the target of Lucretius's argument to be (a desire for a longer life as such), I argue for a novel interpretation of what the flaw is, namely, that extending one's life into the time before one was actually born would be an uncertain bet for one who wanted to extend (...)
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