Results for 'Jeffrey S. Libreti'

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  1. Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach.Jeffrey S. Poland - 1988 - Philosophical Review 100 (4):653-656.
  2. Stakeholder Theory, Value, and Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):97-124.
    This paper argues that the notion of value has been overly simplified and narrowed to focus on economic returns. Stakeholder theory provides an appropriate lens for considering a more complex perspective of the value that stakeholders seek as well as new ways to measure it. We develop a four-factor perspective for defining value that includes, but extends beyond, the economic value stakeholders seek. To highlight its distinctiveness, we compare this perspective to three other popular performance perspectives. Recommendations are made regarding (...)
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  3.  72
    Data Science Ethical Considerations: A Systematic Literature Review and Proposed Project Framework.Jeffrey S. Saltz & Neil Dewar - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (3):197-208.
    Data science, and the related field of big data, is an emerging discipline involving the analysis of data to solve problems and develop insights. This rapidly growing domain promises many benefits to both consumers and businesses. However, the use of big data analytics can also introduce many ethical concerns, stemming from, for example, the possible loss of privacy or the harming of a sub-category of the population via a classification algorithm. To help address these potential ethical challenges, this paper maps (...)
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  4.  81
    Jeffrey's Rule of Conditioning.Glenn Shafer - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):337-362.
    Richard Jeffrey's generalization of Bayes' rule of conditioning follows, within the theory of belief functions, from Dempster's rule of combination and the rule of minimal extension. Both Jeffrey's rule and the theory of belief functions can and should be construed constructively, rather than normatively or descriptively. The theory of belief functions gives a more thorough analysis of how beliefs might be constructed than Jeffrey's rule does. The inadequacy of Bayesian conditioning is much more general than Jeffrey's (...)
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  5. Overcoming Luck: Two Trends in Legal Philosophy.Jeffrey S. Helmreich - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):335-347.
    © The Author 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: [email protected] article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model...Philosophy of law was until recently dominated by abstract investigation into the nature of law, a pursuit known as ‘general jurisprudence’. In this way, it resembled a branch of metaphysics or mid-twentieth century philosophy of mind, seeking to uncover the essential properties (...)
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  6. Aristotle's Definition of Happiness (NE 1.7, 1098a16–18)'.Jeffrey S. Purinton - 1998 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 16:259-297.
  7.  44
    The Apologetic Stance.Jeffrey S. Helmreich - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (2):75-108.
  8.  11
    Topicalization in Child Language.Jeffrey S. Gruber - 1967 - Foundations of Language 3 (1):37-65.
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  9.  13
    On the Biological Plausibility of Grandmother Cells: Implications for Neural Network Theories in Psychology and Neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (1):220-251.
    A fundamental claim associated with parallel distributed processing theories of cognition is that knowledge is coded in a distributed manner in mind and brain. This approach rejects the claim that knowledge is coded in a localist fashion, with words, objects, and simple concepts, that is, coded with their own dedicated representations. One of the putative advantages of this approach is that the theories are biologically plausible. Indeed, advocates of the PDP approach often highlight the close parallels between distributed representations learned (...)
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  10.  26
    The Practical and Principled Problems With Educational Neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Bowers - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
  11.  31
    The Moderating Effects From Corporate Governance Characteristics on the Relationship Between Available Slack and Community-Based Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Joseph E. Coombs - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):409-422.
    Recent perspectives on community investments suggest that they are opportunities for firms to create value for shareholders and other stakeholders. However, many corporate managers are still influenced by a widely held belief that such investments erode profits and are therefore unjustifiable from an agency perspective. In this paper, we refine and test theory regarding countervailing forces that influence community-based firm performance. We hypothesize that high levels of available slack will be associated with higher community-based performance, but that this relationship will (...)
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  12.  13
    Harmful Stakeholder Strategies.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (3):405-419.
    Stakeholder theory focuses on how more value is created if stakeholder relationships are governed by ethical principles such as integrity, respect, fairness, generosity and inclusiveness. However, it has not adequately addressed strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests and how this perception can even lead some stakeholders to view the firm’s strategies as unethical. To fill the void, this paper directly addresses strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests, or what we refer to as harmful stakeholder (...)
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  13.  14
    From the Sacrifice of the Letter to the Voice of Testimony: Giorgio Agamben's Fulfillment of Metaphysics.Jeffrey S. Librett - 2007 - Diacritics 37 (2/3):11-33.
  14.  1
    Ethicist as Healer: Is Offering Justified Normative Recommendations All We Are Doing in Active Patient Cases?Jeffrey S. Farroni - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):85-87.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 85-87.
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  15. Mechanism and Explanation in Cognitive Neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Poland & Barbara Von Eckardt - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):972-984.
    The aim of this paper is to examine the usefulness of the Machamer, Darden, and Craver (2000) mechanism approach to gaining an understanding of explanation in cognitive neuroscience. We argue that although the mechanism approach can capture many aspects of explanation in cognitive neuroscience, it cannot capture everything. In particular, it cannot completely capture all aspects of the content and significance of mental representations or the evaluative features constitutive of psychopathology.
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  16. Causal Explanations in Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics.Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (1):65-77.
    This paper considers the problem of causal explanation in classical and statistical thermodynamics. It is argued that the irreversibility of macroscopic processes is explained in both formulations of thermodynamics in a teleological way that appeals to entropic or probabilistic consequences rather than to efficient-causal, antecedental conditions. This explanatory structure of thermodynamics is not taken to imply a teleological orientation to macroscopic processes themselves, but to reflect simply the epistemological limitations of this science, wherein consequences of heat-work asymmetries are either macroscopically (...)
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  17.  18
    Stakeholder Theory at the Crossroads.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Jay B. Barney - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (2):203-212.
    The stakeholder perspective has provided a rich forum for a variety of debates at the intersection of business and society. Scholars gathered for two consecutive years, first in North America, and then in Europe, to discuss the major issues surrounding what has come to be known as stakeholder theory, to attempt to find common ground, and to uncover areas in need of further inquiry. Those meetings led to a list of “tensions” and a call for papers for this special issue (...)
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  18.  14
    Corporate Social Performance and Economic Cycles.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Shawn L. Berman - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (2):279-294.
    Do firms respond to changes in economic growth by altering their corporate social responsibility programs? If they do respond, are their responses simply neglect of areas associated with corporate social performance or do they also cut back on positive programs such as profit sharing, public/private housing programs, or charitable contributions? In this paper, we argue that because CSP-related actions and programs tend to be discretionary, they are likely to receive less attention during tough economic times, a result of cost-cutting efforts. (...)
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  19. Entropy and Information: Suggestions for Common Language.Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (2):176-193.
    Entropy and information are both emerging as currencies of interdisciplinary dialogue, most recently in evolutionary theory. If this dialogue is to be fruitful, there must be general agreement about the meaning of these terms. That this is not presently the case owes principally to the supposition of many information theorists that information theory has succeeded in generalizing the entropy concept. The present paper will consider the merits of the generalization thesis, and make some suggestions for restricting both entropy and information (...)
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  20.  46
    Rationality and Reflection.Jeffrey S. Seidman - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (2):201-214.
    Christine Korsgaard claims that an agent is less than fully rational if she allows some attitude to inform her deliberation even though she cannot justify doing so. I argue that there is a middle way, which Korsgaard misses, between the claim that our attitudes neither need nor admit of rational assessment, on the one hand, and Korsgaard's claim that the attitudes which inform our deliberation always require justification, on the other: an agent needs reasons to opt out of her concerns (...)
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  21.  18
    Interfering Neighbours: The Impact of Novel Word Learning on the Identification of Visually Similar Words.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Colin J. Davis & Derek A. Hanley - 2005 - Cognition 97 (3):B45-B54.
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  22.  31
    Durkheim and Dewey and the Challenge of Contemporary Moral Education.Jeffrey S. Dill - 2007 - Journal of Moral Education 36 (2):221-237.
    John Dewey and Emile Durkheim are philosophical giants in the field of moral education. This paper compares and contrasts their respective visions for moral education and contextualizes the comparison in the profound intellectual and social changes modernity was casting throughout the world. They were transitional figures that attempted to make education responsive to those novel conditions and forces. Toward this end, Dewey and Durkheim, though they differed in key areas, articulated the moral sources and authority on which their respective visions (...)
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  23.  38
    Opportunistic Disclosures of Earnings Forecasts and Non-GAAP Earnings Measures.Jeffrey S. Miller - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S1):3 - 10.
    The Securities and Exchange Commission requires publicly held US corporations to disclose all information, whether it is positive or negative, that might be relevant to an investor's decision to buy, sell, or hold a company's securities. The decisions made by corporate managers to disclose such information can significantly affect the judgments and decisions of investors. This paper examines academic accounting research on corporate managers' voluntary disclosures of earnings forecasts and non-GAAP earnings measures. Much of the evidence from this research indicates (...)
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  24.  31
    Neural Networks Learn Highly Selective Representations in Order to Overcome the Superposition Catastrophe.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Ivan I. Vankov, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):248-261.
  25. Problems with the DSM Approach to Classifying Psychopathology.Jeffrey S. Poland, Barbara von Eckardt & Will Spaulding - 1994 - In George Graham & G.L. Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.
     
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  26.  31
    LINE‐1 Retrotransposons: Modulators of Quantity and Quality of Mammalian Gene Expression?Jeffrey S. Han & Jef D. Boeke - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (8):775-784.
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  27.  50
    The Cosmic Breath: Reflections on the Thermodynamics of Creation.Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1984 - Zygon 19 (4):487-505.
  28.  22
    Parallel Distributed Processing Theory in the Age of Deep Networks.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (12):950-961.
  29.  22
    The Surprising Empathic Abilities of Rodents.Jeffrey S. Mogil - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):143-144.
  30.  11
    Why Do Some Neurons in Cortex Respond to Information in a Selective Manner? Insights From Artificial Neural Networks.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Ivan I. Vankov, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2016 - Cognition 148:47-63.
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  31.  18
    Garland E. Allen;, Jeffrey Baker. Biology: Scientific Process and Social Issues. Xiv + 236 Pp., Figs., App., Index. Bethesda, Md.: Fitzgerald Science Press, 2001. $23.95. [REVIEW]Jeffrey S. Levinton - 2005 - Isis 96 (3):466-466.
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  32.  23
    Jeffrey's Rule, Passage of Experience, and Neo-Bayesianism.Judea Pearl - 1990 - In Kyburg Henry E., Loui Ronald P. & Carlson Greg N. (eds.), Knowledge Representation and Defeasible Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 245--265.
  33.  33
    New CEOs Pursue Their Own Self-Interests by Sacrificing Stakeholder Value.Jeffrey S. Harrison & James O. Fiet - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (3):301 - 308.
    Short-term performance increases that are sometimes observed after CEO successions may be evidence of self-interested behavior. New CEOs may cut allocations to long-term investment areas such as research and development (R&D), capital equipment and pension funds in an effort to drive up short-term profits and secure their positions. However, such actions have unfavorable consequences for some stakeholders. This study provides evidence that both R&D and pension funding are reduced subsequent to a succession, even after accounting for industry trends. The expected (...)
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  34.  26
    Effects of Alcohol, Rumination, and Gender on the Time Course of Negative Affect.Jeffrey S. Simons, Noah N. Emery, Raluca M. Simons, Thomas A. Wills & Michael K. Webb - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1405-1418.
    This study modelled associations between gender, ruminative cognitive style, alcohol use, and the time course of negative affect over the course of 43,111 random assessments in the natural environment. Participants completed 49 days of experience sampling over 1.3 years. The data indicated that rumination at baseline was positively associated with alcohol dependence symptoms at baseline as well as higher negative affect over the course of the study. Consistent with negative reinforcement models, drinking served to decrease the persistence of negative affect (...)
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  35.  44
    Chance, Necessity, and Purpose: Toward a Philosophy of Evolution.Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1981 - Zygon 16 (4):303-322.
  36.  8
    Postscript: More Problems with Botvinick and Plaut’s PDP Model of Short-Term Memory.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):995-997.
  37.  8
    Naturalism: A Critical Appraisal.Jeffrey S. Poland, Steven J. Wagner & Richard Warner - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):471.
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  38.  40
    Keep Calm and Carry On: Maintaining Self-Control When Intoxicated, Upset, or Depleted.Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  39.  15
    A Fundamental Limitation of the Conjunctive Codes Learned in PDP Models of Cognition: Comment on Botvinick and Plaut.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):986-995.
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  40.  13
    Mood Congruent Memory: The Role of Affective Focus and Gender.Jeffrey S. Rothkopf & Paul H. Blaney - 1991 - Cognition and Emotion 5 (1):53-64.
  41.  40
    Uncertain Premises and Jeffrey's Rule.David E. Over & Constantinos Hadjichristidis - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):97-98.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) begin in the halfway Bayesian house of assuming that minor premises in conditional inferences are certain. We demonstrate that this assumption is a serious limitation. They additionally suggest that appealing to Jeffrey's rule could make their approach more general. We present evidence that this rule is not limited enough to account for actual probability judgements.
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  42.  25
    Must Theology Re‐Kant?Jeffrey S. Privette - 1999 - Heythrop Journal 40 (2):166–183.
  43.  21
    To Tell a Good Tale: Kierkegaardian Reflections on Moral Narrative and Moral Truth. [REVIEW]Jeffrey S. Turner - 1991 - Man and World 24 (2):181-198.
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  44.  10
    Learning Representations of Wordforms With Recurrent Networks: Comment on Sibley, Kello, Plaut, & Elman (2008).Jeffrey S. Bowers & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (7):1183-1186.
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  45.  1
    Scripture and Ethics: Twentieth Century Portraits.Jeffrey S. Siker - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    How should the Bible be used in Christian ethics? Although this question has been addressed many times, little attention has gone to how the Bible actually has functioned in constructing theological ethics. In this book, Siker describes and analyzes the Bible's various uses in the theology and ethics of eight of the twentieth century's most important and influential Christian theologians: Reinhold Niebuhr, H. Richard Niebuhr, Bernhard Haring, Paul Ramsey, Stanley Hauerwas, Gustavo Gutierrez, James Cone, and Rosemary Radford Ruether. In approaching (...)
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  46.  4
    Priming is Not All Bias: Commentary on Ratcliff and McKoon.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):582-596.
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  47.  11
    Does the Market Penalize Firms for Socially Irresponsible Behavior?Jeffrey S. Frooman - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:645-664.
  48.  14
    ΔΗΛΟΣ ἘΚΙΝΉΘΗ: An ‘Imaginary Earthquake’ on Delos in Herodotus and Thucydides.Jeffrey S. Rusten - 2013 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 133:135-145.
    Thucydides' and Herodotus' comments on a portentous (and unique) Delian earthquake contain the same phrase, but date the event almost 60 years apart and mutually rule out each other's datings. Two additional problems in these passages point to an explanation for the historians' treatment. They are based on the Delphic oracle quoted by Herodotus which promised to , a paradox based on the island's mythical transition from floating to fixed (Pindar), but liable to confusion with its equally well-known aseismicity. Normally (...)
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  49.  40
    Subdirectly Irreducible Residuated Semilattices and Positive Universal Classes.Jeffrey S. Olson - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):393-406.
    CRS(fc) denotes the variety of commutative residuated semilattice-ordered monoids that satisfy (x ⋀ e)k ≤ (x ⋀ e)k+1. A structural characterization of the subdi-rectly irreducible members of CRS(k) is proved, and is then used to provide a constructive approach to the axiomatization of varieties generated by positive universal subclasses of CRS(k).
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  50. Belief Revision Generalized: A Joint Characterization of Bayes's and Jeffrey's Rules.Franz Dietrich, Christian List & Richard Bradley - 2016 - Journal of Economic Theory 162:352-371.
    We present a general framework for representing belief-revision rules and use it to characterize Bayes's rule as a classical example and Jeffrey's rule as a non-classical one. In Jeffrey's rule, the input to a belief revision is not simply the information that some event has occurred, as in Bayes's rule, but a new assignment of probabilities to some events. Despite their differences, Bayes's and Jeffrey's rules can be characterized in terms of the same axioms: "responsiveness", which requires (...)
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