Results for 'Jeffrey Pfeifer'

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  1.  22
    Introduction.Jeffrey E. Pfeifer & Thomas Hadjistavropoulos - 1998 - Ethics and Behavior 8 (3):195 – 197.
  2.  39
    Ethical concerns of nonclinical forensic witnesses and consultants.Jeffrey Pfeifer & John Brigham - 1993 - Ethics and Behavior 3 (3 & 4):329 – 343.
    Current research suggests that nonclinical forensic psychologists[sup1] are appearing increasingly more often in the legal arena. We argue that many of the ethical dilemmas that face these psychologists differ from those encountered by clinical forensic psychologists. To test the accuracy of this assertion, 37 nonclinical forensic psychologists were surveyed to identify some of the ethical issues and dilemmas they have encountered while engaging in expert testimony or pretrial consulting. Respondents were asked also about how they have resolved these ethical issues (...)
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  3.  3
    Ethical Concerns of Nonclinical Forensic Witnesses and Consultants.Jeffrey Pfeifer & John Brigham - 1993 - Ethics and Behavior 3 (3-4):329-343.
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  4. Jeffrey Timm (ed.), Text in Context: Traditional Hermeneutics in South Asia.Jeffrey Timm (ed.) - 1992 - State University of New York Press.
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  5.  20
    Jeffrey Barnouw is Professor of English and comparative literature in the University of Texas at Austin. He has published numerous articles on Hobbes and written extensively on the history of ideas, especially 17th-and 18th-century thought. His latest research has concentrated on Greek philosophy and literature as well as their role in the later European tradition. His recent. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Barnouw - 2008 - Hobbes Studies 21 (1):109-110.
    Hobbes conception of reason as computation or reckoning is significantly different in Part I of De Corpore from what I take to be the later treatment in Leviathan. In the late actual computation with words starts with making an affirmation, framing a proposition. Reckoning then has to do with the consequences of propositions, or how they connect the facts, states of affairs or actions which they refer tor account. Starting from this it can be made clear how Hobbes understood the (...)
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  6.  19
    Garland E. Allen;, Jeffrey Baker. Biology: Scientific Process and Social Issues. xiv + 236 pp., figs., app., index. Bethesda, Md.: Fitzgerald Science Press, 2001. $23.95. [REVIEW]Jeffrey S. Levinton - 2005 - Isis 96 (3):466-466.
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  7.  1
    Education, Technology, and Humans: An Interview with Jeffrey Schnapp.Jeffrey Schnapp, Massimo Lollini & Arthur Farley - 2022 - Humanist Studies and the Digital Age 7 (1).
    The interview reconstructs Jeffrey Schnapp's brilliant career from his origins as a scholar of Dante and the Middle Ages to his current multiple interdisciplinary interests. Among other things, Schnapp deals with knowledge design, media history and theory, history of the book, the future of archives, museums, and libraries. The main themes of the interview concern the relationships between technology and pedagogy, the future of reading, and artificial intelligence.
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  8.  7
    Jeffrey Andrew Barash on Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, by Peter E. Gordon. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Andrew Barash - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):436-450.
    In 1929 Ernst Cassirer and Martin Heidegger participated in a momentous debate in Davos, Switzerland, which is widely held to have marked an important division in twentieth-century European thought. Peter E. Gordon’s recent book, Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, centers on this debate between these two philosophical adversaries. In his book Gordon examines the background of the debate, the issues that distinguished the respective positions of Cassirer and Heidegger, and the legacy of the debate for later decades. Throughout the work, (...)
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  9.  30
    Quentin Skinner's Hobbes and the neo-republican project*: Jeffrey R. Collins.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2009 - Modern Intellectual History 6 (2):343-367.
    For nearly half a century, Quentin Skinner has been the world's foremost interpreter of Thomas Hobbes. When the contextualist mode of intellectual history now known as the “Cambridge School” was first asserting itself in the 1960s, the life and writings of John Locke were the primary topic for pioneers such as Peter Laslett and John Dunn. At that time, Hobbes was still the plaything of philosophers and political scientists, virtually all of whom wrote in an ahistorical, textual-analytic manner. Hobbes had (...)
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  10.  21
    Commentaries by Jeffrey M. Prottas, Olga Jonasson, and John I. Kleinig.Jeffrey M. Prottas - 2002 - In Ruth F. Chadwick & Doris Schroeder (eds.), Applied Ethics: Critical Concepts in Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 3--140.
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  11.  7
    Jeffrey Hopkins Responds to David Tracy.Paul Jeffrey Hopkins - 1987 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 7.
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  12.  30
    Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future ed. by Jeffrey Metzger (review).Jeffrey Church - 2013 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (3):495-497.
    In his introduction, Jeffrey Metzger states that “at some point in the past 20 or 30 years … Nietzsche’s name [became] no longer associated primarily with nihilism” (1). Metzger is pointing to the increasing contemporary scholarly interest in Nietzsche’s epistemology, naturalism, and metaethics. The worthy aim of this volume is to ask us to examine once again the underlying philosophical problem to which these views are a response, namely, nihilism. This volume helpfully reminds us that Nietzsche’s philosophical motivation still (...)
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  13.  17
    Interpreting the Quantum World. Jeffrey Bub.Jeffrey Barrett - 2000 - Isis 91 (1):188-189.
  14.  38
    On the common saying that it is better that ten guilty persons escape than that one innocent suffer: Pro and con: Jeffrey Reiman and Ernest Van den Haag.Jeffrey Reiman - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2):226-248.
    In Zadig, published in 1748, Voltaire wrote of “the great principle that it is better to run the risk of sparing the guilty than to condemn the innocent.” At about the same time, Blackstone noted approvingly that “the law holds that it is better that ten guilty persons escape, than that one innocent suffer.” In 1824, Thomas Fielding cited the principle as an Italian proverb and a maxim of English law. John Stuart Mill endorsed it in an address to Parliament (...)
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  15.  12
    Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects, by Jeffrey E. Brower. Pp. xxii, 327, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014. $74.00. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Froula - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (1):122-122.
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  16. Ritual and Myth in the International Corona-Drama: A Conversation with Jeffrey Alexander.Jeffrey Alexander & Javier Pérez-Jara - 2021 - In Juan Del Llano & Lino Camprubí (eds.), Sociedad Entre Pandemias. Madrid: Fundación Gaspar Casal.
    Ritual and Myth in the International Corona-Drama. A Conversation with Jeffrey Alexander.
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  17.  1
    Book review: Media ethics in the newsroom and beyond: A book review by Jeffrey Cole. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Cole - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (1):63 – 65.
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  18.  40
    The Blood of the 3,000: Jeffrey Gordon Reflects on 9/11, and Sees that It Didn't Wake Us.Jeffrey Gordon - 2008 - Philosophy Now 68:21-21.
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  19.  16
    Authors Meets Readers: Martin Powers in Conversation with Sandra Field, Jeffrey Flynn, Stephen Macedo, and Longxi Zhang. [REVIEW]Sandra Leonie Field, Jeffrey Flynn, Stephen Macedo, Longxi Zhang & Martin Powers - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (1):188-240.
    Sandra Field, Jeffrey Flynn, Stephen Macedo, Longxi Zhang, and Martin Powers discussed Powers’ book China and England: The Preindustrial Struggle for Social Justice in Word and Image at the American Philosophical Association’s 2020 Eastern Division meeting in Philadelphia. The panel was sponsored by the APA’s “Committee on Asian and Asian-American Philosophers and Philosophies” and organized by Brian Bruya.
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  20.  2
    Experimental Philosophy of Connexivity.Niki Pfeifer & Leon Schöppl - manuscript
    While Classical Logic (CL) used to be the gold standard for evaluating the rationality of human reasoning, certain non-theorems of CL—like Aristotle’s and Boethius’ theses—appear intuitively rational and plausible. Connexive logics have been developed to capture the underlying intuition that conditionals whose antecedents contradict their consequents, should be false. We present results of two experiments (total n = 72), the first to investigate connexive principles and related formulae systematically. Our data suggest that connexive logics provide more plausible rationality frameworks for (...)
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  21.  4
    Interpreting the Quantum World by Jeffrey Bub. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Barrett - 2000 - Isis 91:188-189.
  22.  67
    The Use of Information Theory in Biology: Lessons from Social Insects.Jessica Pfeifer - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (3):317-330.
    In this paper, I discuss how information theory has been used in the study of animal communication, as well as how these uses are justified. Biologists justify their use of Shannon’s information measures by the work they do in allowing for comparisons between different organisms and because they measure a quantity that is purported to be important for natural selection. I argue that there are problems with both sorts of justification. To make these difficulties clear, I focus on the use (...)
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  23.  25
    Karl Pfeifer, Actions and Other Events: The Unifier-Multiplier Controversy Reviewed by.Kenneth Rankin - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (2):133-135.
  24.  35
    Proof Theory and Logical Complexity. [REVIEW]Helmut Pfeifer - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 53 (4):197.
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  25.  42
    David Miller. A paradox of information. The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 17 no. 1 , pp. 59–61. - Karl R. Popper. A comment on Miller's new paradox of information. The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 17 no. 1 , pp. 61–69. - Karl R. Popper. A paradox of zero information. The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 17 no. 2, pp. 141–143. - J. L. Mackie. Miller's so-called paradox of information.The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 17 no. 2, pp. 144–147. - David Miller. On a so-called so-called paradox: a reply to Professor J. L. Mackie.The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 17 no. 2, pp. 147–149. - Jeffrey Bub and Michael Radner. Miller's paradox of information.The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 19 no. 1 , pp. 63–67. - David Miller. The straight and narrow rule of induction: a reply to Dr Bub and Mr Radner.The British journal for the philosophy of science, vol. 19 no. 2, pp. 145. [REVIEW]Richard C. Jeffrey - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):124-127.
  26.  20
    Innocents lost: Proportional sentencing and the paradox of collateral damage: Jeffrey brand-Ballard.Jeffrey Brand-Ballard - 2009 - Legal Theory 15 (2):67-105.
    Retributive restrictions are principles of justice according to which what a criminal deserves on account of his individual conduct and character restricts how states are morally permitted to treat him. The main arguments offered in defense of retributive restrictions involve thought experiments in which the state punishes the innocent, a practice known as telishment. In order to derive retributive restrictions from the wrongness of telishment, one must engage in moral argument from generalization. I show how generalization arguments of the same (...)
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  27.  27
    Scalable and explainable legal prediction.L. Karl Branting, Craig Pfeifer, Bradford Brown, Lisa Ferro, John Aberdeen, Brandy Weiss, Mark Pfaff & Bill Liao - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 29 (2):213-238.
    Legal decision-support systems have the potential to improve access to justice, administrative efficiency, and judicial consistency, but broad adoption of such systems is contingent on development of technologies with low knowledge-engineering, validation, and maintenance costs. This paper describes two approaches to an important form of legal decision support—explainable outcome prediction—that obviate both annotation of an entire decision corpus and manual processing of new cases. The first approach, which uses an attention network for prediction and attention weights to highlight salient case (...)
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  28. Review – Correct English: Reality or Myth? [REVIEW]Pfeifer Karl - 2017 - Metapsychology Online Reviews 21 (10).
    Geoffrey Marnell presents philosophical arguments favoring grammatical descriptivism over grammatical prescriptivism. I argue that his explanation and defence of descriptivism reveal that his descriptivism is itself prescriptivist.
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  29.  5
    Phenomenology and the Political.S. West Gurley & Geoffrey Pfeifer (eds.) - 2016 - Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield.
    This collection of essays looks at the relation between phenomenology and the political from a variety of possible positions both critical and complimentary.
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  30.  20
    Geoff Pfeifer: The New Materialism: Althusser, Badiou, and Žižek: Routledge, New York, 2015, 140 pp + index, $145.Chad Kautzer - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (2):319-324.
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  31. Intentionality and the non-psychological.C. B. Martin & Karl Pfeifer - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (4):531-54.
    IT IS SHOWN IN DETAIL THAT RECENT ACCOUNTS FAIL TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN INTENTIONALITY AND MERELY CAUSALLY DISPOSITIONAL STATES OF INORGANIC PHYSICAL OBJECTS—A QUICK ROAD TO PANPSYCHISM. THE CLEAR NEED TO MAKE SUCH A DISTINCTION GIVES DIRECTION FOR FUTURE WORK. A BEGINNING IS MADE TOWARD PROVIDING SUCH AN ACCOUNT.
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  32.  20
    Yu guang‐Yuan's two categories of matter.Karl Pfeifer - 1985 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 12 (1):57-62.
    IN "THE FUNCTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS ON MATTER", "CHINESE STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY" 12 (1981) PAGES 38-54, YU CLAIMS THAT IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND HOW CONSCIOUSNESS CAN AFFECT THE PHYSICAL WORLD, TWO CATEGORIES OF MATTER MUST BE DISTINGUISHED. I ARGUE THAT YU'S DISTINCTION HAS NO EXPLANATORY FORCE AND, MOREOVER, IS AT ODDS WITH HIS MATERIALIST ASSUMPTIONS. I THEN SUGGEST OTHER STRATEGIES.
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  33.  54
    Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch, and Jeffrey R. Botkin reply.Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch & Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):7-8.
  34.  4
    Mr. Pfeifer on Questions of Reference.Jerrold J. Katz - 1966 - Foundations of Language 2 (3):241-244.
  35.  68
    The Jeffreys–Lindley paradox and discovery criteria in high energy physics.Robert D. Cousins - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2):395-432.
    The Jeffreys–Lindley paradox displays how the use of a \ value ) in a frequentist hypothesis test can lead to an inference that is radically different from that of a Bayesian hypothesis test in the form advocated by Harold Jeffreys in the 1930s and common today. The setting is the test of a well-specified null hypothesis versus a composite alternative. The \ value, as well as the ratio of the likelihood under the null hypothesis to the maximized likelihood under the (...)
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  36.  9
    Are there specific readers of oxidized 5-methylcytosine bases?Jikui Song & Gerd P. Pfeifer - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (10):1038-1047.
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  37.  1
    Semantics and complexity of recursive aggregates in answer set programming.Wolfgang Faber, Gerald Pfeifer & Nicola Leone - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence 175 (1):278-298.
  38.  11
    The Inheritance of Loss: Symposium on Jeffrey K. Tulis and Nicole Mellow, Legacies of Losing in American Politics, University of Chicago Press, 2018.Bryan Garsten, Jennifer Hochschild, Diane Rubenstein, Jeffrey K. Tulis & Nicole Mellow - 2020 - Political Theory 48 (6):796-823.
  39.  10
    Probabilistic inferences from conjoined to iterated conditionals.Giuseppe Sanfilippo, Niki Pfeifer, D. E. Over & A. Gilio - 2018 - International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 93:103-118.
    There is wide support in logic, philosophy, and psychology for the hypothesis that the probability of the indicative conditional of natural language, P(if A then B), is the conditional probability of B given A, P(B|A). We identify a conditional which is such that P(if A then B)=P(B|A) with de Finetti's conditional event, B|A. An objection to making this identification in the past was that it appeared unclear how to form compounds and iterations of conditional events. In this paper, we illustrate (...)
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  40.  2
    Rezension: Was wir Karl R. Popper und seiner Philosophieverdanken.A. Ungar, M. Stefan, N. Pfeifer, M. Karlegger, F. Greinecker, N. Furlan, P. Brössel & A. Anglberger - 2003 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 1 (17):23-27.
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  41. Competencies for a Healthy Physically Active Lifestyle: Second-Order Analysis and Multidimensional Scaling.Johannes Carl, Gorden Sudeck & Klaus Pfeifer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The physical activity-related health competence model assumes that individuals require movement competence, control competence, and self-regulation competence to lead a healthy, physically active lifestyle. Although previous research has already established some measurement factors of the three dimensions, no attempts have so far been made to statistically aggregate them on the sub-competence level. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to test two additional factors for PAHCO and subsequently model the second-order structure with two samples from the fields of rehabilitation (...)
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  42. The Nature and Structure of Content.Jeffrey C. King - 2007 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Belief in propositions has had a long and distinguished history in analytic philosophy. Three of the founding fathers of analytic philosophy, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and G. E. Moore, believed in propositions. Many philosophers since then have shared this belief; and the belief is widely, though certainly not universally, accepted among philosophers today. Among contemporary philosophers who believe in propositions, many, and perhaps even most, take them to be structured entities with individuals, properties, and relations as constituents. For example, the (...)
  43.  11
    The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher.Mark Couch & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.) - 2016 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.
    The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher contains eleven chapters on the work of noted philosopher Philip Kitcher, whose work is known for its broad range and insightfulness. Topics covered include philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of mathematics, ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of religion. Each of the chapters is followed by a reply from Kitcher himself. This first significant edited volume devoted to examining Kitcher's work is an essential reference for anyone interested in understanding this important philosopher.
  44. Fin de Siáecle Social Theory Relativism, Reduction, and the Problem of Reason.Jeffrey C. Alexander - 1995 - Verso.
    In four closely interwoven studies, Jeffrey Alexander identifies the central dilemma that provokes contemporary social theory and proposes a new way to resolve it. The dream of reason that marked the previous fin de siècle foundered in the face of the cataclysms of the twentieth century, when war, revolution, and totalitarianism came to be seen as themselves products of reason. In response there emerged the profound skepticism about rationality that has so starkly defined the present fin de siècle. From (...)
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  45.  17
    Foucault / Blanchot: Maurice Blanchot: The Thought From Outside and Michel Foucault as I Imagine Him.Jeffrey Mehlman & Brian Massumi (eds.) - 1987 - Zone Books.
    In these two essays, two of the most important French thinkers of our time reflect on each other's work. In so doing, novelist/essayist Maurice Blanchot and philosopher Michel Foucault develop a new perspective on the relationship between subjectivity, fiction, and the will to truth. The two texts present reflections on writing, language, and representation which question the status of the author/subject and explore the notion of a "neutral" voice that arises from the realm of the "outside." This book is crucial (...)
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  46.  5
    Generalized probabilistic modus ponens.Giuseppe Sanfilippo, Niki Pfeifer & Angelo Gilio - 2017 - In A. Antonucci, L. Cholvy & O. Papini (eds.), Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, vol. 10369). Cham, Switzerland: pp. 480-490.
    Modus ponens (from A and “if A then C” infer C) is one of the most basic inference rules. The probabilistic modus ponens allows for managing uncertainty by transmitting assigned uncertainties from the premises to the conclusion (i.e., from P(A) and P(C|A) infer P(C)). In this paper, we generalize the probabilistic modus ponens by replacing A by the conditional event A|H. The resulting inference rule involves iterated conditionals (formalized by conditional random quantities) and propagates previsions from the premises to the (...)
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  47. New Thinking About Propositions.Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks - 2014 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy, science, and common sense all refer to propositions--things we believe and say, and things which are true or false. But there is no consensus on what sorts of things these entities are. Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames, and Jeff Speaks argue that commitment to propositions is indispensable, and each defend their own views on the debate.
  48. Naïve Panentheism.Karl Pfeifer - 2020 - In Godehard Brüntrup, Benedikt Paul Göcke & Ludwig Jaskolla (eds.), Panentheism and Panpsychism: Philosophy of Religion Meets Philosophy of Mind. Paderborn: pp. 123-138.
    Karl Pfeifer attempts to present a coherent view of panentheism that eschews Pickwickian senses of “in” and aligns itself with, and builds upon, familiar diagrammed portrayals of panentheism. The account is accordingly spatial-locative and moreover accepts the proposal of R.T. Mullins that absolute space and time be regarded as attributes of God. In addition, however, it argues that a substantive parthood relation between the world and God is required. Pfeifer’s preferred version of panpsychism, viz. panintentionalism, is thrown into (...)
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  49.  3
    A Miracle Creed: The Principle of Optimality in Leibniz's Physics and Philosophy.Jeffrey K. McDonough - 2022 - New York,NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    "This book introduces Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's Principle of Optimality and argues that it plays a central role his physics and philosophy, with profound implications for both. Each chapter begins with an introduction to one of Leibniz's ground-breaking studies in natural philosophy, paying special attention to the role of optimal form in those investigations. Each chapter then goes on to explore the philosophical implications of optimal form for Leibniz's broader philosophical system. Individual chapters include discussions of Leibniz's understanding of teleology, the (...)
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  50. Jeffrey Conditionalization, the Principal Principle, the Desire as Belief Thesis, and Adams’s Thesis.Ittay Nissan-Rozen - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):axs039.
    I show that David Lewis’s principal principle is not preserved under Jeffrey conditionalization. Using this observation, I argue that Lewis’s reason for rejecting the desire as belief thesis and Adams’s thesis applies also to his own principal principle. 1 Introduction2 Adams’s Thesis, the Desire as Belief Thesis, and the Principal Principle3 Jeffrey Conditionalization4 The Principal Principles Not Preserved under Jeffrey Conditionalization5 Inadmissible Experiences.
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