Results for 'Jeffrey P. Dorman'

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  1.  20
    Using student perceptions to compare actual and preferred classroom environment in Queensland schools.Jeffrey P. Dorman - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (4):299-308.
    Students? perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment were investigated using the What is happening in this class? questionnaire (WIHIC). The WIHIC assesses seven classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, task orientation, investigation, cooperation and equity. A sample of 978 secondary school students from 63 classes in Queensland responded to the WIHIC. For each item on the WIHIC, students recorded their perceptions of the actual (or real) and preferred (or ideal) classroom environment. Results revealed that statistically significant differences (...)
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  2.  38
    Development and validation of an instrument to assess secondary school students' perceptions of assessment tasks.Jeffrey P. Dorman & Wendy M. Knightley - 2006 - Educational Studies 32 (1):47-58.
    Research aimed at developing and validating an instrument to assess secondary school students? perceptions of assessment tasks was conducted. Following a review of literature, a five?scale instrument of 40 items was trialled with a sample of 658 science students in 11 English secondary schools. Based on internal consistency reliability data and exploratory factor analysis, refinement decisions resulted in a five?scale instrument called the Perceptions of assessment tasks inventory (PATI). The scales of the PATI are Congruence with planned learning, Authenticity, Student (...)
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  3.  37
    When Ethics Consultation and Courts Collide: A Case of Compelled Treatment of a Mature Minor.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2011 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 1 (2):123-131.
    A fourteen year old is diagnosed with aplastic anemia. The teen and his parents are Jehovah’s Witnesses. An ethics consult is called on the day of admission by an ethically sophisticated social worker and attending. The patient and his parents see this diagnosis as “a test of their faith.” The ethical analysis focuses on the mature minor doctrine, i.e. whether the teen has the capacity to make this decision. The hospital chooses to take the case to court, with a result (...)
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  4.  11
    Beyond Consent: Seeking Justice in Research.Jeffrey P. Kahn, Anna C. Mastroianni & Jeremy Sugarman (eds.) - 1998 - Oup Usa.
    Beyond Consent examines the concept of justice, and its application to human subject research, through the different lenses of various research populations: children, the vulnerable sick, captive and convenient populations, women, people of colour, and subjects in international settings. Separate chapters address the evolution of research policies, implications of the concept of justice for the future of human subject research, and the ramifications of this concept throughout the research enterprise.
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  5.  19
    Baby Steps Toward the Professionalization and Accreditation of Ethics Consultation Services.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):52-54.
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  6. Sunset on the RAC: When Is It Time to End Special Oversight of an Emerging Biotechnology?Jeffrey P. Kahn & Anna C. Mastroianni - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):1-2.
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  7.  13
    Ethics review and conversation analysis.Jeffrey P. Aguinaldo - 2022 - Research Ethics 18 (4):319-328.
    In this case study, I address the procedural ethics of conversation analysis (CA) and the collection of naturally occurring mundane interactions. I draw from the challenges that emerged from the institutional ethics review of the HIV, health and interaction study (the H2I Study), a CA project that sought to identify the practices through which normative assumptions of HIV and other health conditions are produced in conversations. Consistent with CA’s preference for naturally occurring interactions, the H2I Study collected and analysed everyday (...)
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  8. Coda.Jeffrey P. Fry & Andrew Edgar - 2022 - In Jeffrey P. Fry & Andrew Edgar (eds.), Philosophy, Sport and the Pandemic. New York: Routledge.
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  9. Introduction.Jeffrey P. Fry & Andrew Edgar - 2022 - In Jeffrey P. Fry & Andrew Edgar (eds.), Philosophy, Sport and the Pandemic. New York: Routledge.
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  10.  16
    The Soldier as Conscientious Objector.Jeffrey P. Whitman - 1995 - Public Affairs Quarterly 9 (1):87-100.
  11.  28
    Of Minds and Brains and Cocreation: Psychopharmaceuticals and Modern Technological Imaginaries.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2018 - Christian Bioethics 24 (3):224-245.
    Christians are not immune to psychological and psychiatric illness. Yet, Christians should also be careful not to permit popular cultural trends to shape the way that they think about the use of psychiatric treatment with medication. In this essay, I suggest that the tendencies for default usage of psychiatric medication can be problematic for Christians in contemporary culture where a technological imaginary exists. Modern scientific studies of psychiatric medication are partly constructive of how we imagine ourselves. The typical justification for (...)
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  12.  29
    When is somebody just some body? Ethics as first philosophy and the brain death debate.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (5):419-436.
    I, along with others, have been critical of the social construction of brain death and the various social factors that led to redefining death from cardiopulmonary failure to irreversible loss of brain functioning, or brain death. Yet this does not mean that brain death is not the best threshold to permit organ harvesting—or, as people today prefer to call it, organ procurement. Here I defend whole-brain death as a morally legitimate line that, once crossed, is grounds for families to give (...)
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  13. Mistaking randomness for free will.Jeffrey P. Ebert & Daniel M. Wegner - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):965-971.
    Belief in free will is widespread. The present research considered one reason why people may believe that actions are freely chosen rather than determined: they attribute randomness in behavior to free will. Experiment 1 found that participants who were prompted to perform a random sequence of actions experienced their behavior as more freely chosen than those who were prompted to perform a deterministic sequence. Likewise, Experiment 2 found that, all else equal, the behavior of animated agents was perceived to be (...)
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  14.  30
    Pregnancy, Brain Death, and Posthumous Motherhood: A Provisional Policy Proposal.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):48-50.
    Fifteen years ago I was the ethicist involved in a case of a 20-year-old woman who had a stroke, and who was discovered in the emergency room to be 16 weeks pregnant on the same day she was declare...
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  15.  21
    Of Idolatries and Ersatz Liturgies: The false gods of spiritual assessment.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2013 - Christian Bioethics 19 (3):332-347.
  16.  2
    Black Ships and Sea Raiders: The Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Context of Odysseus’ Second Cretan Lie.Jeffrey P. Emanuel - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    This book investigates the chaotic end of the Bronze Age in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean through the lens of Homeric poetry, with an emphasis on the description of piratical activities described in the Odyssey’s “Second Cretan Lie,” and on the impact of revolutionary seafaring technology in this watershed period in Mediterranean history.
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  17.  21
    What Happens When Politics Discovers Bioethics?Jeffrey P. Kahn - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (3):10-10.
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  18.  36
    Building Moral Brains.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2020 - Maynooth Philosophical Papers 10:135-149.
    Technology is evolving at a rate faster than human evolution, especially human moral evolution. There are those who claim that we must morally bioenhance the human due to existential threats (such as climate change and the looming possibility of cognitive enhancement) and due to the fact that the human animal has a weak moral will. To address these existential threats, we must design human morality into human beings technologically. By moral bioenhancement, these authors mean that we must intervene technologically in (...)
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  19.  22
    Baseball, alcohol and public health.Jeffrey P. Kahn - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):3.
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  20.  24
    Arts of Dying and the Statecraft of Killing.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2016 - Studies in Christian Ethics 29 (3):261-268.
    Those supporting laws permitting assisted suicide seem to enact a thin morality, one that permits people who desire AS to get it in the terminal stages of an illness, and that provide safeguards both for those who desire AS and do not desire it. This article explores the way in which all AS legislation subtly frames the question of AS such that AS becomes the clearest option; ensconcing AS in law also gives a moral legitimacy to suicide. Thus, the morality (...)
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  21.  29
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (2):171-171.
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  22.  5
    Nostalgia for Paradise: The Escape from Time in Horace's Epode 16.Jeffrey P. Ulrich - 2022 - American Journal of Philology 143 (3):413-445.
    Abstract:Epode 16, Horace's famous decline poem about Rome before Actium, has long been viewed as a cynical response to Vergil's prophecy of a returning Golden Age in Eclogue 4. In this article, I argue that there is another, unrecognized intertext for Epode 16—Pindar's Olympian 2—to which Horace's bleak poem alludes in a "window reference" refracted through Vergil's bucolic. As such, Horace's cynicism represents, in fact, a lament over the lost simplicity and timelessness of Greek oral poetry, and an attempt to (...)
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  23.  5
    Why public health and politics don't mix.Jeffrey P. Kahn - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):3 – 4.
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  24.  32
    The Ethics of Sports Coaching.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2012 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (3):393-396.
    Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 393-396, August 2012.
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  25.  35
    Do Clinical Ethics Consultants Have a Fiduciary Responsibility to the Patient?Jeffrey P. Spike - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):13 - 15.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page 13-15, August 2012.
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  26.  5
    Understanding the Role of Genetics in Disability Insurance.Jeffrey P. Kahn & Susan M. Wolf - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (s2):5-5.
  27.  28
    The Many Guises of the Slippery Slope Argument.Jeffrey P. Whitman - 1994 - Social Theory and Practice 20 (1):85-97.
    This paper examines how slippery slope arguments are used, and misused, in many public policy debates -- especially in the area of bioethics. I divide the various kinds of slippery slope arguments into the following categories: 1) the logical form vs the conceptual form, and 2) the theoretical context vs the practical context. While all these various types of slippery slope arguments are found wanting, I nonetheless find a valuable role for slippery slope arguments in public debate. In that they (...)
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  28.  32
    Clinical Ethics: Case Reports, Consults, and Commentaries.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (1):36-37.
  29.  73
    Time warp: Authorship shapes the perceived timing of actions and events.Jeffrey P. Ebert & Daniel M. Wegner - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):481-489.
    It has been proposed that inferring personal authorship for an event gives rise to intentional binding, a perceptual illusion in which one’s action and inferred effect seem closer in time than they otherwise would . Using a novel, naturalistic paradigm, we conducted two experiments to test this hypothesis and examine the relationship between binding and self-reported authorship. In both experiments, an important authorship indicator – consistency between one’s action and a subsequent event – was manipulated, and its effects on binding (...)
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  30.  24
    What “the Straw Man” Teaches Us, Or, Finding Wisdom Between the Horns of a False Dilemma About Ethics Consultation Methodology.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):48-49.
  31. The Limits of the Medical Model : Historical Epidemiology of Intellectual Disability in the United States.Jeffrey P. Brosco - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 26--54.
     
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  32.  34
    Beliefs, intentions, and evolution: Old versus new psychological game theory.Jeffrey P. Carpenter & Peter Hans Matthews - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):158-159.
    We compare Colman's proposed “psychological game theory” with the existing literature on psychological games (Geanakoplos et al. 1989), in which beliefs and intentions assume a prominent role. We also discuss experimental evidence on intentions, with a particular emphasis on reciprocal behavior, as well as recent efforts to show that such behavior is consistent with social evolution.
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  33.  13
    Utilitarianism and the laws of land warfare.Jeffrey P. Whitman - 1993 - Public Affairs Quarterly 7 (3):261-275.
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  34.  12
    Civil Society and Government: A Dispatch from the Front Lines.Jeffrey P. Whitman - 2001 - Public Affairs Quarterly 15 (1):17-34.
  35.  20
    Residency education in clinical ethics and professionalism: Not just what, but when, where, and how ought residents be taught?Jeffrey P. Spike - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):23 – 25.
  36.  20
    On Playing With Emotion.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2003 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 30 (1):26-36.
  37.  8
    Choose Your Own Adventure: An εἰκών of Socrates in the Prologue of Apuleius’ Metamorphoses.Jeffrey P. Ulrich - 2017 - American Journal of Philology 138 (4):707-738.
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  38.  53
    Coaches’ Accountability for Pain and Suffering in the Athletic Body.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2001 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 9 (3-4):9-26.
  39.  68
    Rejecting Medical Humanism: Medical Humanities and the Metaphysics of Medicine.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2008 - Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (1):15-25.
    The call for a narrative medicine has been touted as the cure-all for an increasingly mechanical medicine. It has been claimed that the humanities might create more empathic, reflective, professional and trustworthy doctors. In other words, we can once again humanise medicine through the addition of humanities. In this essay, I explore how the humanities, particularly narrative medicine, appeals to the metaphysical commitments of the medical institution in order to find its justification, and in so doing, perpetuates a dualism of (...)
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  40.  30
    Informed Consent Is the Essence of Capacity Assessment.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):95-105.
    Informed consent is the single most important concept for understanding decision-making capacity. There is a steady pull in the clinical world to transform capacity into a technical concept that can be tested objectively, usually by calling for a psychiatric consult. This is a classic example of medicalization. In this article I argue that is a mistake, not just unnecessary but wrong, and explain how to normalize capacity assessment.Returning the locus of capacity assessment to the attending, the primary care doctor, and (...)
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  41. Echo calling narcissus: What exceeds the gaze of clinical ethics consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):171-171.
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt (...)
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  42.  10
    Blurring the line between rationality and evolution.Jeffrey P. Carpenter - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    This comment focuses on the informational distinction Brian Skyrms makes between rational choice theories of the social contract and theories based on evolutionary dynamics. The basic point is that to dismiss the rational choice method because of the restrictive informational assumptions may discount interesting work done in the area of bounded rationality. Further, the comment argues that combining the best elements of both approaches into an evolutionary theory of boundedly rational agents can improve the power of social contract theories. To (...)
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  43.  68
    On the Supposed Duty to Try One's Hardest in Sports.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2011 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 18 (2):1-10.
    It is a common refrain in sports discourse that one should try one's hardest in sports, or some other variation on this theme. In this paper I argue that there is no generalized duty to try one's hardest in sports, and that the claim that one should do so is ambiguous. Although a number of factors point in the direction of my conclusion, particularly salient is the claim that, in the end, the putative requirement is too stringent for creatures like (...)
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  44.  41
    Making A Comeback.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (1):4-20.
    In this paper I explore the nature, varieties, causes and meanings of comebacks related to sport. I argue that comebacks have an axiological dimension, and that the best comebacks involve personal growth. I attempt to show that a major reason that comebacks connected to sport are often inspiring is that we are all in need of a comeback at some point in our lives. When improbable comebacks occur in the world of sport, they expand our sense of possibility.
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  45.  30
    Ageing and the Technological Imaginary: Living and Dying in the Age of Perpetual Innovation.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2019 - Studies in Christian Ethics 32 (1):20-35.
    Technology tends toward perpetual innovation. Technology, enabled by both political and economic structures, propels society forward in a kind of technological evolution. The moment a novel piece of technology is in place, immediately innovations are attempted in a process of unending betterment. Bernard Stiegler suggests that, contra Heidegger, it is not being-toward-death that shapes human perception of time, life, death, and meaning. Rather, it is technological innovation that shapes human perception of time, life, death, and meaning. In fact, for Stiegler, (...)
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  46.  18
    Sports and “The Fragility of Goodness”.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (1):34-46.
  47.  32
    Organs and stem cells: Policy lessons and cautionary tales.Jeffrey P. Kahn - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):11-12.
  48.  23
    Whose Odyssey Is It? Family‐Centered Care in the Genomic Era.Jeffrey P. Brosco - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S2):20-22.
    Despite a century of progress in medical knowledge, many diagnostic odysseys end in disappointment, especially when the child has a developmental disorder. In cases of autism and intellectual disability, relatively few children receive a specific diagnosis, and virtually none of those diagnoses lead to a specific medical treatment. Whole‐genome or ‐exome sequencing offers a quantum leap in the diagnostic odyssey, in that we will always learn something from sequencing—sometimes much more than families bargained for, as discussed elsewhere in this special (...)
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  49.  95
    Resolving the vexing question of credentialing: Finding the aristotelian mean. [REVIEW]Jeffrey P. Spike - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (3):263-273.
    Resolving the Vexing Question of Credentialing: Finding the Aristotelian Mean Content Type Journal Article Pages 263-273 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9100-2 Authors Jeffrey P. Spike, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Center for Health, Humanities, and the Human Spirit, Director of the Campus Wide Ethics Program 6431 Fannin, JJL 400 Houston Texas 77030 USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue Volume 21, Number 3.
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  50.  41
    Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):73-84.
    Guiding our response in this essay is our view that current efforts to demarcate the role of the clinical ethicist risk reducing its complex network of authorizations to sites of power and payment. In turn, the role becomes susceptible to various ideologies—individualisms, proceduralisms, secularisms—that further divide the body from the web of significances that matter to that body, where only she, the patient, is located. The security of policy, standards, and employment will pull against and eventually sever the authorization secured (...)
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