Results for 'Jeffrey N. Gordon'

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  1.  15
    Shareholder Initiative: An Informal Social Choice and Game Theoretic Approach.Jeffrey N. Gordon - manuscript
    Current arguments to increase shareholder power in the large public U.S. corporation need to take account of the well-established historical practice of extensive delegation by shareholders of business decision-making and agenda-control to management and the board, what might be characterized as an absolute delegation rule. This practice sharply limits the power of shareholders to put either business or governance proposals to the shareholders for dispositive resolution. The paper, originally published in 1991 but newly relevant, argues that the rule is based (...)
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  2.  40
    New Philosophy for New Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2004 - MIT Press.
    In New Philosophy for New Media, Mark Hansen defines the image in digital art in terms that go beyond the merely visual. Arguing that the "digital image" encompasses the entire process by which information is made perceivable, he places the body in a privileged position -- as the agent that filters information in order to create images. By doing so, he counters prevailing notions of technological transcendence and argues for the indispensability of the human in the digital era.Hansen examines new (...)
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  3. Eliminativism and Evolutionary Debunking.Jeffrey N. Bagwell - 2021 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 8:496-522.
    Eliminativists sometimes invoke evolutionary debunking arguments against ordinary object beliefs, either to help them establish object skepticism or to soften the appeal of commonsense ontology. I argue that object debunkers face a self-defeat problem: their conclusion undermines the scientific support for one of their premises, because evolutionary biology depends on our object beliefs. Using work on reductionism and multiple realizability from the philosophy of science, I argue that it will not suffice for an eliminativist debunker to simply appeal to some (...)
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  4.  21
    The Evolutionary History of the First Three Enzymes in Pyrimidine Biosynthesis.Jeffrey N. Davidson, Kuey C. Chen, Robert S. Jamison, Lisa A. Musmanno & Christine B. Kern - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (3):157-164.
  5.  52
    Let's Make a Deal: Quality and Availability of Second-Stage Information as a Catalyst for Change.Jeffrey N. Howard, Charles G. Lambdin & Darcee L. Datteri - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):248 – 272.
    The Monty Hall Problem (MHP), a process of two-stage decision making, was presented in atypical form via a custom software game. Differing from the normal three-box MHP, the game added one additional box on-screen for each game—culminating on game 23 with 25 on-screen boxes to initially choose from. A total of 108 participants played 23 games (trials) in one of four conditions; (1) “Vanish” condition—all non-winning boxes totally removed from the screen; (2) “Empty” condition—all non-winning boxes remain on-screen, but with (...)
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  6.  38
    Jeffrey N.Wasserstrom, Greg Grandin, Lynn Hunt, and Marlyn B. Young (Eds): Human Rights and Revolutions, 2nd Edition. [REVIEW]Robert Van Wyk - 2009 - Human Rights Review 10 (2):283-285.
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  7.  15
    Scholarship on Shanghai Student Activism.Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1993 - Chinese Studies in History 27 (1-2):13-21.
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  8.  1
    Narrative Magic and the Construction of Selfhood in Antidepressant Advertising.Jeffrey N. Stepnisky - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (1):24-36.
    This article examines the way in which selfhood is constructed in direct-to-consumer advertisements for antidepressant medications. The sample consists of advertisements that appeared in nine popular magazines between 1997 and 2005, television commercials that ran between 2003 and 2005, and online promotional Web sites. The analysis is divided into three sections. First, it is argued that the ads rely on metaphors of communication, information exchange, and plenitude to construct a relationship between biology and selfhood. Second, in offering the choice for (...)
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  9.  7
    The Nature of Psychological Thresholds.Jeffrey N. Rouder & Richard D. Morey - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):655-660.
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  10.  7
    Modeling the Effects of Choice-Set Size on the Processing of Letters and Words.Jeffrey N. Rouder - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):80-93.
  11.  33
    Is There a Free Lunch in Inference?Jeffrey N. Rouder, Richard D. Morey, Josine Verhagen, Jordan M. Province & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):520-547.
    The field of psychology, including cognitive science, is vexed by a crisis of confidence. Although the causes and solutions are varied, we focus here on a common logical problem in inference. The default mode of inference is significance testing, which has a free lunch property where researchers need not make detailed assumptions about the alternative to test the null hypothesis. We present the argument that there is no free lunch; that is, valid testing requires that researchers test the null against (...)
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  12.  7
    Gradual Growth Versus Shape Invariance in Perceptual Decision Making.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Yu Yue, Paul L. Speckman, Michael S. Pratte & Jordan M. Province - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1267-1274.
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  13.  16
    Three-Prong Approach to Risk Prevention.Jeffrey N. Younggren - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):88-90.
  14.  32
    Science Today: Problem or Crisis?Ralph Levinson & Jeffrey N. Thomas (eds.) - 1997 - Routledge.
    What is science? What is the purpose of science education? Should we be training scientists, or looking towards a greater public understanding of science? In this exciting text, some of the key figures in the fields of science and science education address this debate. Their contributions form an original dialogue on science education and the general public awareness of science, tackling both formal and informal aspects of science learning. the editors argue that a greater knowledge of science can lead to (...)
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  15.  39
    The Blood of the 3,000: Jeffrey Gordon Reflects on 9/11, and Sees That It Didn't Wake Us.Jeffrey Gordon - 2008 - Philosophy Now 68:21-21.
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  16.  7
    Jeffrey Andrew Barash on Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, by Peter E. Gordon[REVIEW]Jeffrey Andrew Barash - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):436-450.
    In 1929 Ernst Cassirer and Martin Heidegger participated in a momentous debate in Davos, Switzerland, which is widely held to have marked an important division in twentieth-century European thought. Peter E. Gordon’s recent book, Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, centers on this debate between these two philosophical adversaries. In his book Gordon examines the background of the debate, the issues that distinguished the respective positions of Cassirer and Heidegger, and the legacy of the debate for later decades. Throughout (...)
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  17.  11
    The Carneades Model of Argument Invention.Douglas N. Walton & Thomas F. Gordon - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (1):1-31.
    Argument invention is a method that can be used to help an arguer find arguments that could be used to prove a claim he needs to defend. The aim of this paper is to show how argumentation systems recently developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to the task of argument invention. One such system called Carneades is featured. Carneades can be used to analyze arguments, evaluate arguments, to make an argument diagram, and to construct arguments from a database. Using (...)
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  18.  57
    The Carneades Model of Argument Invention.Douglas N. Walton & Thomas F. Gordon - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (1):1-31.
    Argument invention is a method that can be used to help an arguer find arguments that could be used to prove a claim he needs to defend. The aim of this paper is to show how argumentation systems recently developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to the task of argument invention. One such system called Carneades is featured. Carneades can be used to analyze arguments, evaluate arguments, to make an argument diagram, and to construct arguments from a database. Using (...)
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  19.  11
    "Models of Verbal Working Memory Capacity: What Does It Take to Make Them Work?": Correction to Cowan Et Al. (2012).Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):499-499.
  20.  10
    Models of Verbal Working Memory Capacity: What Does It Take to Make Them Work?Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):480-499.
  21.  27
    Legacies of Radicalism: China's Cultural Revolution and the Democracy Movement of 1989.Craig Calhoun & Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1999 - Thesis Eleven 57 (1):33-52.
    Students in 1989 were at pains to distinguish their actions from those taken by students in the Cultural Revolution. Yet there were important similarities. In the present paper, we identify influence on the Democracy Movement from the Cultural Revolution through (1) the expansion and/or widespread familiarization of repertories of collective action available to Chinese activists; (2) precedents for collective action that may have lowered the barriers to action for some while raising them for others; (3) the participation of people at (...)
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  22. Thanks to Our Guest Reviewers.J. Alegria, V. Girotto, S. Nicholson, N. Alvarado, R. Gordon, R. Nisbett, M. Ashcraft, V. Goswami, D. Norris & T. Au - 1995 - Cognition 55:333.
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  23. Ideal Vs. Real: Revisiting Contraceptive Guidelines.Toby Schonfeld, Joseph Brown, N. Amoura & Bruce Gordon - 2010 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (6):13-16.
    In their article in the September-October 2010 issue of IRB: Ethics & Human Research, Chris Kaposy and Françoise Baylis argue that the contraception policy of the University of Nebraska Medical Center’s institutional review board fails to meet an ethically ideal standard in establishing the criteria investigators should follow when including women of childbearing potential in clinical research. In this response, we argue that the UNMC IRB’s policy is evidence-based and pragmatically oriented and that it therefore better safeguards women’s autonomy than (...)
     
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  24.  9
    Recognition Decisions From Visual Working Memory Are Mediated by Continuous Latent Strengths.J. Ricker Timothy, E. Thiele Jonathan, R. Swagman April & N. Rouder Jeffrey - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1510-1532.
    Making recognition decisions often requires us to reference the contents of working memory, the information available for ongoing cognitive processing. As such, understanding how recognition decisions are made when based on the contents of working memory is of critical importance. In this work we examine whether recognition decisions based on the contents of visual working memory follow a continuous decision process of graded information about the correct choice or a discrete decision process reflecting only knowing and guessing. We find a (...)
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  25. Jeffrey S. Librett, The Rhetoric of Cultural Dialogue: Jews and Germans From Moses Mendelssohn to Richard Wagner and Beyond Reviewed By.Gordon Fisher - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (3):199-201.
  26.  16
    Prediction Games.Jeffrey A. Barrett, Michael Dickson & Gordon Purves - unknown
    We consider an extension of signaling games to the case of prediction, where one agent perceives the current state of the world and sends a signal. The second agent perceives this signal, and makes a prediction about the next state of the world. We suggest that such games may be the basis of a model for the evolution of successful theorizing about the world.
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  27.  36
    Dissociation of Processes Underlying Spatial S-R Compatibility: Evidence for the Independent Influence of What and Where.Jeffrey P. Toth, Brian Levine, Donald T. Stuss, Alfred Oh, Gordon Winocur & Nachshon Meiran - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):483-501.
    The process-dissociation procedure was used to estimate the influence of spatial and form-based processing in the Simon task. Subjects made manual responses to the direction of arrows . The results provide evidence that the form and spatial location of a single stimulus can have functionally independent effects on performance. They also indicate the existence of two kinds of automaticity—an associative component that reflects prior S-R mappings and a nonassociative component that reflects the correspondence between stimulus and response codes.
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  28.  4
    Toward a Theory of the Evolution of Fair Play.Jeffrey C. Schank, Gordon M. Burghardt & Sergio M. Pellis - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  12
    Some Comments on Cheng, Peirce, and Inductive Validity.Gordon N. Pinkham - 1967 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 3 (2):96 - 107.
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  30. The Episodic Flanker Effect: Memory Retrieval as Attention Turned Inward.Gordon D. Logan, Gregory E. Cox, Jeffrey Annis & Dakota R. B. Lindsey - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (3):397-445.
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  31.  16
    Inhibitory Control in Mind and Brain 2.0: Blocked-Input Models of Saccadic Countermanding.Gordon D. Logan, Motonori Yamaguchi, Jeffrey D. Schall & Thomas J. Palmeri - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (2):115-147.
  32.  29
    Bad Faith: A Dilemma.Jeffrey Gordon - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (232):258 - 262.
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  33.  41
    Ethical Issues Surrounding Concussions and Player Safety in Professional Ice Hockey.Jeffrey G. Caron & Gordon A. Bloom - 2014 - Neuroethics 8 (1):5-13.
    Concussions in professional sports have received increased attention, which is partly attributable to evidence that found concussion incidence rates were much higher than previously thought. Further to this, professional hockey players articulated how their concussion symptoms affected their professional careers, interpersonal relationships, and qualities of life. Researchers are beginning to associate multiple/repeated concussions with Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, a structural brain injury that is characterized by tau protein deposits in distinct areas of the brain. Taken together, concussions impact many people in (...)
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  34. Crisis and the Renewal of Creation World and Church in the Age of Ecology.Jeffrey Golliher, William Bryant Logan & N. Cathedral of St John the Divine York - 1996
     
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  35.  50
    Correlation Coefficients and Robertson-Schroedinger Uncertainty Relations.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    Calling the quantity; 2ΔAΔB/|<[A, B]>|, with non-zero denominator, the uncertainty product ratio or UPR for the pair of observables, (A, B), it is shown that any non-zero correlation coefficient between two observables raises, above unity, the lower bound of the UPR for each member of an infinite collection of pairs of incompatible observables. Conversely, any UPR is subject to lower bounds above unity determined by each of an infinite collection of correlation coefficients. This result generalizes the well known Schroedinger strengthening (...)
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  36. Uses of a Quantum Master Inequality.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    An inequality in quantum mechanics, which does not appear to be well known, is derived by elementary means and shown to be quite useful. The inequality applies to 'all' operators and 'all' pairs of quantum states, including mixed states. It generalizes the rule of the orthogonality of eigenvectors for distinct eigenvalues and is shown to imply all the Robertson generalized uncertainty relations. It severely constrains the difference between probabilities obtained from 'close' quantum states and the different responses they can have (...)
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  37.  14
    The Objectivity and Invariance of Quantum Predictions.Gordon N. Fleming - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:104 - 113.
    A recent argument by Pitowsky (1991), leading to the relativity (as opposed to objectivity) of quantum predictions, is refuted. The refutation proceeds by taking into account the hyperplane dependence of the quantum predictions emerging from the three mutually space-like separated measurements, performed on an entangled state of three spin 1/2 particles, that Pitowsky considers. From this hyperplane dependence one finds that the logical step of conjoining the predictions from distinct measurements is ineffective since those predictions apply either, locally, to sets (...)
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  38.  68
    The Dependence of Lorentz Boost Generators on the Presence and Nature of Interactions.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    The long established but infrequently discussed dependence of Lorentz boost generators on the presence and nature of interactions is reviewed in this tutorial note. The last third of the note presents a discussion of the covariant transformation and evolution equations for the non-conserved partial generators of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group for interacting subsystems.
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  39.  10
    The Actualization of Potentialities in Contemporary Quantum Theory.Gordon N. Fleming - 1992 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 6 (4):259 - 276.
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  40.  75
    Shirokov's Contracting Lifetimes and the Interpretation of Velocity Eigenstates for Unstable Quantons.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    This paper is concerned with the interpretation of velocity eigenstates for unstable quantons, their relationship to space-like momentum eigenstates for such quantons and the explanation of Shirokov’s contracting lifetimes for such velocity eigenstates. It is an elaboration of a portion of the authors earlier study.
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  41.  38
    Observations on Hyperplanes: II. Dynamical Variables and Localization Observables.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    This is the second of two papers responding (somewhat belatedly) to ‘recent’ commentary on various aspects of hyperplane dependence (HD) by several authors. In this paper I focus on the issues of the general need for HD dynamical variables, the identification of physically meaningful localizable properties, the basis vectors representing such properties and the relationship between the concepts of ‘localizable within’ and ‘measureable within’. The authors responded to here are de Koning, Halvorson, Clifton and Wallace. In the first paper of (...)
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  42.  79
    Observations on Hyperplanes: I State Reduction and Unitary Evolution.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    This is the first of two papers responding to ‘recent’ commentary on various aspects of hyperplane dependence by several authors. In this paper I focus on the issues of the relations of HD to state reduction and unitary evolution. The authors who’s comments I address here are Maudlin and Myrvold. In the second paper of this set I focus on HD dynamical variables and localizable properties and measurements and address comments of de Koning, Halvorson, Clifton and Wallace. Each paper ends (...)
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  43.  9
    Lorentz Invariant State Reduction, and Localization.Gordon N. Fleming - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:112-126.
    In this paper I will present conceptions of state reduction and particle and/or system localization which render these subjects fully compatible with the general requirements of a relativistic, i.e. Lorentz invariant, quantum theory. The approach consists of a systematic generalization of the concepts of initial data assignment at definite times, initiation and completion of measurements at definite times, and dynamical evolution as time dependence, to the concepts of initial data assignment on arbitrary space-like hyperplanes, initiation and completion of measurements on (...)
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  44.  34
    The Meaning of Life: Anwerable or Unanswerable?Jeffrey Gordon - 2009 - Philosophy Now 73:26-29.
  45. Our Sisyphus.Jeffrey Gordon - 1981 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 6.
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  46. The Will to Believe": James's Defense of Religious Intolerance.Jeffrey Gordon - 1993 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 15:28.
     
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  47. The Question Of The Meaning Of Life: ANSWERABLE OR UNANSWERABLE?Jeffrey Gordon - 2010 - Existentia 20 (1-2):133-144.
     
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  48. Sartre's Argument for Freedom.Jeffrey Gordon - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  49.  17
    Racked with Doubt, the Determinist Deliberates ’Til Unwelcome Dawn.Jeffrey Gordon - 1992 - Southwest Philosophy Review 8 (2):23-34.
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  50.  24
    What Makes This Question Funny?Jeffrey Gordon - 2010 - Philosophy Now 80:12-14.
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