66 found
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  1.  13
    Darwinism's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection.Jean Gayon - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Darwinism's Struggle for Survival Jean Gayon offers a philosophical interpretation of the history of theoretical Darwinism. He begins by examining the different forms taken by the hypothesis of natural selection in the nineteenth century and the major difficulties which it encountered, particularly with regard to its compatibility with the theory of heredity. He then shows how these difficulties were overcome during the seventy years which followed the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, and he concludes by analysing the major (...)
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  2. Darwin's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection.Jean Gayon & Matthew Cobb - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):413-415.
    In Darwinism's Struggle for Survival Jean Gayon offers a philosophical interpretation of the history of theoretical Darwinism. He begins by examining the different forms taken by the hypothesis of natural selection in the nineteenth century and the major difficulties which it encountered, particularly with regard to its compatibility with the theory of heredity. He then shows how these difficulties were overcome during the seventy years which followed the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, and he concludes by analysing the major (...)
     
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  3.  63
    The singular fate of genetics in the history of French biology, 1900?1940.Richard Burian, Jean Gayon & Doris Zallen - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):357-402.
    In this study we have examined the reception of Mendelism in France from 1900 to 1940, and the place of some of the extra-Mendelian traditions of research that contributed to the development of genetics in France after World War II.
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  4.  31
    Defining Life.Jean Gayon, Christophe Malaterre, Michel Morange, Florence Raulin-Cerceau & Stéphane Tirard - unknown
    This Special Issue of Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres contains papers based on the contributions presented at the Conference "Defining Life" held in Paris (France) on 4-5 February, 2008. The main objective of this Conference was to confront speakers from several disciplines--chemists, biochemists, biologists, exo/astrobiologists, computer scientists, philosophers and historians of science--on the topic of the definition of life. Different viewpoints of the problem approached from different perspectives have been expounded and, as a result, common grounds as well (...)
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  5.  48
    The Concept of Individuality in Canguilhem's Philosophy of Biology.Jean Gayon - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (3):305 - 325.
    This paper does not intend to provide an exhaustive account of Canguilhem's thinking. It will focus on his philosophical approach to the biological sciences.
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  6.  25
    The Role of the Vilmorin Company in the Promotion and Diffusion of the Experimental Science of Heredity in France, 1840–1920.Jean Gayon & Doris T. Zallen - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (2):241 - 262.
  7. Hérédité des caractères acquis.Jean Gayon - 2006 - In Pietro Corsi (ed.), Lamarck, Philosophe de la Nature. Presses Universitaires de France. pp. 105--163.
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  8.  23
    Philosophy of Biology: An Historico-critical Characterization.Jean Gayon - unknown
    Literally speaking, "Philosophy of biology" is a rather old expression. William Whewell coined it in 1840, at the very time he introduced the expression "philosophy of science". Whewell was fond of creating neologisms, like Auguste Comte, his French counterpart in the field of the philosophical reflection about science. Historians of science know that a few years earlier, in 1834, Whewell had generated a small scandal when he proposed the word "scientist" as a general term by which "the students of the (...)
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  9.  63
    Critics and Criticisms of the Modern Synthesis: the Viewpoint of a Philosopher.Jean Gayon - unknown
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  10.  22
    10 From Darwin to today in evolutionary biology.Jean Gayon - 2003 - In J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press. pp. 240.
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  11.  21
    The Contributions – and Collapse – of Lamarckian Heredity in Pasteurian Molecular Biology: 1. Lysogeny, 1900–1960.Laurent Loison, Jean Gayon & Richard M. Burian - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (1):5-52.
    This article shows how Lamarckism was essential in the birth of the French school of molecular biology. We argue that the concept of inheritance of acquired characters positively shaped debates surrounding bacteriophagy and lysogeny in the Pasteurian tradition during the interwar period. During this period the typical Lamarckian account of heredity treated it as the continuation of protoplasmic physiology in daughter cells. Félix d’Hérelle applied this conception to argue that there was only one species of bacteriophage and Jules Bordet applied (...)
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  12. Repetition and Reversibility in Evolution: Theoretical Population Genetics.Maël Montévil & Jean Gayon - 2017 - In Philippe Huneman & Christophe Bouton (eds.), Time of Nature and the Nature of Time: Philosophical Perspectives of Time in Natural Sciences. Cham: Springer.
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  13. Darwin et l'Après Darwin.Jean Gayon - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):161-163.
  14.  50
    Nietzsche and Darwin.Jean Gayon - 1999 - In Jane Maienschein & Michael Ruse (eds.), Biology and the foundation of ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 154--197.
    There is no doubt that Nietzsche, the most famous philosopher of the second half of the nineteenth century, was concerned with Darwin. This essay aims to provide a systematic evaluation of Nietzsche's work in those areas in which he felt the necessity to position himself with regard to Darwin, or "Darwinism," as he knew it.
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  15.  8
    Les fonctions: des organismes aux artefacts.Jean Gayon & Armand de Ricqlès (eds.) - 2010 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    Omniprésente dans l'ensemble des sciences de la vie, la catégorie de fonction a les allures d'un scandale épistémologique : attribuer une fonction à une structure ou à un processus biologique, c'est en effet suggérer qu'on l'explique par ses effets. Cet ouvrage, sans précédent en langue française examine les débats philosophiques contemporains sur les fonctions depuis une trentaine d'années, et propose de nouvelles voies d'analyse. Il confronte ces débats à l'usage de la notion de fonction dans un large spectre de disciplines (...)
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  16. Raisonnement fonctionnel et niveaux d'intégration en biologie.Jean Gayon - 2010 - In Jean Gayon & Armand de Ricqlès (eds.), Les fonctions: des organismes aux artefacts. Paris: Presses universitaires de France. pp. 125--138.
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  17.  22
    Does oxygen have a function, or where should the regress of functional ascriptions stop in biology?Jean Gayon - 2013 - In Philippe Huneman (ed.), Functions: Selection and Mechanisms. Springer. pp. 67--79.
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  18. Lamarck, Philosophe de la Nature.Pietro Corsi, Jean Gayon, Gabriel Gohau & Stéphane Tirard - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):580-581.
     
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  19.  31
    On the Uses of the Category of Style in the History of Science.Jean Gayon - 1999 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (3):233 - 246.
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  20.  20
    The Modern Synthesis: Theoretical or Institutional Event?Jean Gayon & Philippe Huneman - 2019 - Journal of the History of Biology 52 (4):519-535.
    This paper surveys questions about the nature of the Modern Synthesis as a historical event : was it rather theoretical than institutional? When and where did it actually happen? Who was involved? It argues that all answers to these questions are interrelated, and that systematic sets of answers define specific perspectives on the Modern Synthesis that are all complementary.
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  21.  18
    Darwin and Darwinism in france after 1900.Jean Gayon - unknown
  22.  69
    Vitalisme et philosophie de la biologie.Jean Gayon - 2010 - RÉPHA, revue étudiante de philosophie analytique 2:7-18.
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  23. Economic Natural Selection: What Concept of Selection?Jean Gayon - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (4):320-325.
    The article examines two cases of adoption of evolutionary ways of thinking by modern economists: Nelson and Winter’s (Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, 1982), and evolutionary game theory (1990s and after). In both cases, the authors explicitly refer to natural selection in an economic context. I show that natural selection is taken in two different senses, which correspond to two general conceptions of the principle of natural selection, one of which contains reproduction and heredity as key elements, whereas the other (...)
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  24.  24
    French Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Research in France.Anastasios Brenner & Jean Gayon (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    The series Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science was conceived in the broadest framework of interdisciplinary and international concerns.
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  25.  7
    The Genetics of Experimental Populations: L'Héritier and Teissier's Populations Cages.Jean Gayon & Michel Veuille - unknown
  26.  4
    Inquiring into Animal Enhancement.Jérôme Goffette, Simone Bateman, Jean Gayon, Sylvie Allouche & Michela Marzano (eds.) - 2015 - Springer.
    Can the age-old practices of animal selection and breeding and the more recent biotechnological interventions on animals, far more intrusive and systematic than any present form of human enhancement, enlighten us as to the future of enhancement practices? This book explores issues raised by past and present practices of animal enhancement in terms of their means and their goals, clarifies conceptual issues and identifies lessons that can be learned about enhancement practices, as they concern both animals and humans. The extreme (...)
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  27. À propos de l'article de Juliette Grange dans Cités 58.Paul Clavier, Yann Schmitt & Jean Gayon - 2014 - Cités 60 (4):199-204.
    Réponses à Juliette Grange sur ses remises en cause peu argumentées d'une partie de la philosophie en France.
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  28. Genetics after World War II: The Laboratories at Gif.Richard Burian & Jean Gayon - 1990 - Cahiers Pour l'Histoire du CNRS 7:25-48.
  29. Bachelard dans le monde.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 2000 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 190 (4):525-525.
     
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  30. Darwinism's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection.Jean Gayon & Matthew Cobb - 2001 - Mind 110 (437):204-207.
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  31. What does' Darwinism'mean?Jean Gayon - 1994 - Ludus Vitalis 2 (2):105-118.
     
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  32. Cultural evolution: A general appraisal.Jean Gayon - 2005 - Ludus Vitalis 13 (23):139-150.
    The first objective of the paper is to propose a classification and characterize the major approaches to the modes of cultural evolution: (1) Research programs on the origins of the cultural capacity of the human species. (2) Description and explanation of cultural change with the help of concepts or models inspired by the schemes of population genetics. (3) Research on parallel evolution of genes and culture. (4) Narrow coupling between biological evolution and cultural evolution, or the “gene-culture coevolution paradigm.” These (...)
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  33.  12
    Genetics after World War II: The Laboratories at Gif.Richard Burian & Jean Gayon - 1989 - Cahiers Pour l'Histoire du CNRS 6:108-110.
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  34.  30
    À propos de : Courtine, Dagognet, Descombes, Gauchet, Gayon, Guenancia.Paul Audi, Christian Godin, Vincent Descombes, Didier Mineur, Jean Gayon & Pierre Guenancia - 2014 - Cités 58 (2):179.
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  35.  41
    Human enhancement: an interdisciplinary inquiry.Simone Bateman, Jean Gayon, Sylvie Allouche, Jérôme Goffette & Michela Marzano - unknown
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  36.  4
    L'épistémologie française, 1830-1970.Michel Bitbol & Jean Gayon (eds.) - 2006 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    Présentation de la spécificité de l'épistémologie en France, entre philosophie de la connaissance et philosophie des sciences, à travers un panorama de son histoire depuis la fin du XIXe siècle, de ses grands courants et de ses grandes figures : A. Comte, A. Cournot, C. Bernard, G. Bachelard, H. Poincaré, etc.
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  37.  11
    François Dagognet: philosophe, épistémologue.François Dagognet, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, Jean-François Braunstein & Jean Gayon (eds.) - 2019 - Paris: Éditions Matériologiques.
    François Dagognet (1924-2015) nous a laissé une oeuvre immense et foisonnante : près de soixante-dix ouvrages, sur les thèmes les plus divers, de l'épistémologie à l'art contemporain, de la politique au droit, de l'argent à la morale, de la peau au trouble, sans oublier le paysage, ou l'agronomie, les déchets ou les musées, parmi bien d'autres sujets. Sa curiosité universelle et inassouvie égalait, voire dépassait, celle de son maître Bachelard. Montrer comment Dagognet a illustré l'épistémologie "à la française", et l'a (...)
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  38.  19
    Animalité et végétalité dans les représentations de l’hérédité.Jean Gayon - 1992 - Revue de Synthèse 113 (3-4):423-438.
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  39.  14
    A non-Darwinian Darwin.Jean Gayon & Michel Veuille - unknown
    Direction de revue : Comptes rendus Biologies, vol. 333, n°2, 2010.
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  40.  5
    Bergson's Spiritualist Metaphysics and the Sciences.Jean Gayon - 2005 - In Gary Gutting (ed.), Continental Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 41–58.
    This chapter contains section titled: Introductory Remarks: Not a “Philosopher of Science” “Positive Metaphysics” “Confrontation” Bergson's Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.
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  41.  97
    Chance, Explanation, and Causation in Evolutionary Theory.Jean Gayon - 2005 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):395 - 405.
    Chance comes into plays at many levels of the explanation of the evolutionary process; but the unity of sense of this category is problematic. The purpose of this talk is to clarify the meaning of chance at various levels in evolutionary theory: mutations, genetic drift, genetic revolutions, ecosystems, macroevolution. Three main concepts of chance are found at these various levels: luck (popular concept), randomness (probabilistic concept), and contingency relative to a given theoretical system (epistemological concept). After identifying which concept(s) of (...)
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  42.  4
    Corps et individuation.Jean Gayon & Pierre-françois Moreau - 1998
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  43. Cybernétique enzymatique: un inédit de Jacques Monod.Jean Gayon - 2012 - In Claude Debru, Michel Morange, Frédéric Worms & Laurent Loison (eds.), Une nouvelle connaissance du vivant: François Jacob, André Lwoff et Jacques Monod. Paris: Editions Rue d'Ulm.
     
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  44.  8
    Darwin, darwinisme, evolutionnisme. Daniel Becquemont.Jean Gayon - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):161-162.
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  45.  32
    De la croissance relative à l'allométrie (1918-1936)/From relative growth to allometry (1918-1936).Jean Gayon - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 53 (3):475-498.
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  46. Eugenics: an historical and philosophical schema.Jean Gayon - 1997 - Ludus Vitalis 5 (8):81-99.
     
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  47. Edited volumes-Bachelard dans le monde.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):453.
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  48.  18
    Functions: From Organisms to Artefacts.Jean Gayon, Armand de Ricqlès & Antoine C. Dussault (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    This book, originally published in French, examines the philosophical debates on functions over the last forty years and proposes new ways of analysis. Pervasive throughout the life sciences, the concept of function has the air of an epistemological scandal: ascribing a function to a biological structure or process amounts to suggesting that it is explained by its effects. This book confronts the debates on function with the use of the notion in a wide range of disciplines, such as biology, psychology, (...)
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  49. From relative growth to allometry (1918-1936).Jean Gayon - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 53 (3-4):475-498.
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  50.  1
    Knowledge of life today: conversations on biology.Jean Gayon - 2019 - Hoboken, NJ: Iste. Edited by Victor Petit.
    Knowledge of Life Today presents the thoughts of Jean Gayon, a major philosopher of science in France who is recognized across the Atlantic, especially for his work in philosophy and the history of life sciences. The book is structured around Gayon's personal answers to questions put forward by Victor Petit. This approach combines scientific rigor and risk-taking in answers that go back to the fundamentals of the subject. As well as the relationship between philosophy and the history of science, Gayon (...)
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