Results for 'Jay Zameska'

999 found
Order:
  1.  21
    An Uncertainty Argument for the Identified Victim Bias.Jay A. Zameska - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (3):504-518.
    Journal of Applied Philosophy, EarlyView.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  2.  26
    The Sufficientarian Alternative: A Commentary on Setting Health-Care Priorities.Jay Zameska - 2020 - Diametros 18 (68):46-59.
    In this commentary on Torbjörn Tännsjö’s Setting Health-Care Priorities, I argue that sufficientarianism provides a valuable perspective in considering how to set health care priorities. I claim that pace Tännsjö, sufficientarianism does offer a distinct alternative to prioritarianism. To demonstrate this, I introduce sufficientarianism and distinguish two forms: Tännsjö’s “weak sufficientarianism” and an alternative strong form of sufficientarianism that I call “revised lexical sufficientarianism.” I raise a problem for Tännsjö’s sufficientarianism, and advocate for the revised view on this basis. I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  28
    Luck Egalitarianism and COVID-19: The Case for Compensating Children for School Closures.Jay Zameska - 2023 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 42 (1):65-81.
    The Covid-19 pandemic resulted in school closures around the world, leaving lasting negative impacts on many children. Given that such closures are justified public health measures, this raises the question of compensating children for school closures. In this article I address the question of compensation from the perspective of a popular theory of justice: luck egalitarianism. In doing so, I examine a problem with applying luck egalitarianism to children, called the agency assumption. I then argue this assumption results in a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  17
    ‘Take the Pill, It Is Only Fair’! Contributory Fairness as an Answer to Rose’s Prevention Paradox.Jay A. Zameska - 2021 - Public Health Ethics 14 (3):221-232.
    One proposal to significantly reduce cardiovascular disease is the idea of administering a ‘polypill’—a combination of drugs that reduce the risk of heart disease and carry few side effects—to everyone over the age of 55. Despite their promise, population strategies like the polypill have not been well-accepted. In this article, I defend the polypill by appealing to fairness. The argument focuses on the need to fairly distribute the costs to individuals. While the fact that population strategies like the polypill impose (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  80
    Effect of Ethical Climate on Turnover Intention: Linking Attitudinal- and Stress Theory.Jay P. Mulki, Jorge F. Jaramillo & William B. Locander - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):559-574.
    Attitudinal- and stress theory are used to investigate the effect of ethical climate on job outcomes. Responses from 208 service employees who work for a country health department were used to test a structural model that examines the process through which ethical climate (EC) affects turnover intention (TI). This study shows that the EC–TI relationship is fully mediated by role stress (RC), interpersonal conflict (IC), emotional exhaustion (EE), trust in supervisor (TS), and job satisfaction (JS). Results show that EC reduces (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  6.  92
    Critical Role of Leadership on Ethical Climate and Salesperson Behaviors.Jay P. Mulki, Jorge Fernando Jaramillo & William B. Locander - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):125-141.
    Leaders play a critical role in setting the tone for ethical climate in organizations. In recent years, there has been an increased skepticism about the role played by corporate executives in developing and implementing ethics in business practices. Sales and marketing practices of businesses, particularly in the pharmaceutical industry, have come under increased scrutiny. This study identifies a type of leadership style that can help firms develop an ethical climate. Responses from 333 salespeople working for a North American subsidiary of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  7. Ressentiment, value, and self-vindication : making sense of Nietzsche's slave revolt.R. Jay Wallace - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and morality. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 110--137.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8. Reason and value: themes from the moral philosophy of Joseph Raz.R. Jay Wallace (ed.) - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Reason and Value collects 15 new papers by leading contemporary philosophers on themes from the work of Joseph Raz. Raz has made major contributions in a wide range of areas, including jurisprudence, political philosophy, and the theory of practical reason; but all of his work displays a deep engagement with central themes in moral philosophy. The subtlety and power of Raz's reflections on ethical topics make his writings a fertile source for anyone working in this area. Especially significant are his (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  9. The silent world of doctor and patient.Jay Katz - 1984 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    In this eye-opening look at the doctor-patient decision-making process, physician and law professor Jay Katz examines the time-honored belief in the virtue of silent care and patient compliance. Historically, the doctor-patient relationship has been based on a one-way trust -- despite recent judicial attempts to give patients a greater voice through the doctrine of informed consent. Katz criticizes doctors for encouraging patients to relinquish their autonomy, and demonstrates the detrimental effect their silence has on good patient care. Seeing a growing (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   152 citations  
  10. The Rightness of Acts and the Goodness of Lives.”.R. Jay Wallace - 2004 - In Reason and value: themes from the moral philosophy of Joseph Raz. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  11.  50
    Force fields: between intellectual history and cultural critique.Martin Jay - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
    Force Fields collects the recent essays of Martin Jay, an intellectual historian and cultural critic internationally known for his extensive work on the history of Western Marxism and the intellectual migration from Germany to America.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  12.  17
    Optimal experimental design for model discrimination.Jay I. Myung & Mark A. Pitt - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):499-518.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  13.  17
    An incentive model of rewarding brain stimulation.Jay A. Trowill, Jaak Panksepp & Ronald Gandelman - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (3):264-281.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   63 citations  
  14. Reason and responsibility.R. Jay Wallace - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and practical reason. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 321--345.
  15. Philosophy without ambiguity: a logico-linguistic essay.Jay David Atlas - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book expounds and defends a new conception of the relation between truth and meaning. Atlas argues that the sense of a sense-general sentence radically underdetermines its truth-conditional content. He applies this linguistic analysis to illuminate old and new philosophical problems of meaning, truth, falsity, negation, existence, presupposition, and implicature. In particular, he demonstrates how the concept of ambiguity has been misused and confused with other concepts of meaning, and how the interface between semantics and pragmatics has been misunderstood. The (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  16.  60
    The Education of John Dewey: A Biography.Jay Martin - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    During John Dewey's lifetime, one public opinion poll after another revealed that he was esteemed to be one of the ten most important thinkers in American history. His body of thought, conventionally identified by the shorthand word "Pragmatism," has been the distinctive American philosophy of the last fifty years. His work on education is famous worldwide and is still influential today, anticipating as it did the ascendance in contemporary American pedagogy of multiculturalism and independent thinking. His University of Chicago Laboratory (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  17. Logic, meaning, and conversation: semantical underdeterminacy, implicature, and their interface.Jay David Atlas - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This fresh look at the philosophy of language focuses on the interface between a theory of literal meaning and pragmatics--a philosophical examination of the relationship between meaning and language use and its contexts. Here, Atlas develops the contrast between verbal ambiguity and verbal generality, works out a detailed theory of conversational inference using the work of Paul Grice on Implicature as a starting point, and gives an account of their interface as an example of the relationship between Chomsky's Internalist Semantics (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  18. Normativity, Commitment, and Instrumental Reason.Jay Wallace - 2001 - Philosophers' Imprint 1.
    This paper addresses some connections between conceptions of the will and the theory of practical reason. The first two sections argue against the idea that volitional commitments should be understood along the lines of endorsement of normative principles. A normative account of volition cannot make sense of akrasia, and it obscures an important difference between belief and intention. Sections three and four draw on the non-normative conception of the will in an account of instrumental rationality. The central problem is to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  19. Engaging Buddhism: Why It Matters to Philosophy.Jay L. Garfield - 2015 - New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    This is a book for scholars of Western philosophy who wish to engage with Buddhist philosophy, or who simply want to extend their philosophical horizons. It is also a book for scholars of Buddhist studies who want to see how Buddhist theory articulates with contemporary philosophy. Engaging Buddhism: Why it Matters to Philosophy articulates the basic metaphysical framework common to Buddhist traditions. It then explores questions in metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, phenomenology, epistemology, the philosophy of language and ethics as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  20. Empowerment, agency, and power.Jay Drydyk - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (3):249-262.
    Journal of Global Ethics, Volume 9, Issue 3, Page 249-262, December 2013.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  21.  9
    Bodily Sensibility: Intelligent Action.Jay Schulkin - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Although we usually identify our abilities to reason, to adapt to situations, and to solve problems with the mind, recent research has shown that we should not, in fact, detach these abilities from the body. This work provides an integrative framework for understanding how these abilities are affected by visceral reactions. Schulkin presents provocative neuroscientific research demonstrating that thought is not on one side and bodily sensibility on the other; from a biological point of view, they are integrated. Schulkin further (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  22. Conceptual foundations of radical behaviorism.Jay Moore - 2008 - Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY: Sloan.
    Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism is intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in courses within behavior analytic curricula dealing with conceptual foundations and radical behaviorism as a philosophy. Each chapter of the text presents what radical behaviorism says about an important topic in a science of behavior, and then contrasts the radical behaviorist perspective with that of other forms of behaviorism, as well as other forms of psychology.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  23. .Jay Zeman - unknown
    Over a decade ago, John Sowa did the AI community the great service of introducing it to the Existential Graphs of Charles Sanders Peirce. EG is a formalism which lends itself well to the kinds of thing that Conceptual Graphs are aimed at. But it is far more; it is a central element in the mathematical, logical, and philosophical thought of Peirce; this thought is fruitful in ways that are seldom evident when we first encounter it. In one of his (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  24.  98
    Review of P sychosemantics: The Problem of Meaning In the Philosophy of Mind. [REVIEW]Jay L. Garfield - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):235-240.
  25.  43
    Beyond Deep Disagreement: A Path Towards Achieving Understanding Across a Cultural Divide.Jay Evans & Justine Kingsbury - 2023 - Social Epistemology 37 (5):656-665.
    Achieving genuine engagement and understanding between communities with radically divergent worldviews is challenging. If there is no common ground on which to stand and have a discussion, the likely outcomes of an apparent intercultural disagreement are a stalemate, or the (sometimes colonialist) imposition of a single worldview, or a kind of relativistic tolerance that falls short of genuine engagement. In this paper, we suggest a way forward that takes as its starting point the philosophical discussion of deep disagreement, using the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26. Cognitive modeling repository.Jay Myung & Mark Pitt - unknown
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  17
    The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science.Jay A. Labinger & Harry Collins - 2001 - University of Chicago Press. Edited by Jay A. Labinger & Harry Collins.
    So far the "Science Wars" have generated far more heat than light. Combatants from one or the other of what C. P. Snow famously called "the two cultures" (science versus the arts and humanities) have launched bitter attacks but have seldom engaged in constructive dialogue about the central issues. In The One Culture?, Jay A. Labinger and Harry Collins have gathered together some of the world's foremost scientists and sociologists of science to exchange opinions and ideas rather than insults. The (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  28.  3
    Contextualizing Ethical Climate: Examining Contextual Moderators of the Connection Between Ethical Climate Perceptions and Ethical Behavior.Jay Bates, Jeremy M. Beus & Shaun Parkinson - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-20.
    Workplace ethics perceptions drive ethical behaviors, but our understanding of how context shapes the nature of this relationship is limited. Consequently, this article uses contingency theory to explore how perceptions of ethical priorities in the workplace—ethical work climate (EWC)—are differentially associated with ethical behavior based on the broader context. Specifically, we meta-analytically test theoretically relevant cultural values (i.e., collectivism, power distance) and work context factors (i.e., consequence of errors, job autonomy) as moderators of the connection between EWC perceptions and ethical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way:Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika: Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika.Jay L. Garfield - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    For nearly two thousand years Buddhism has mystified and captivated both lay people and scholars alike. Seen alternately as a path to spiritual enlightenment, an system of ethical and moral rubrics, a cultural tradition, or simply a graceful philosophy of life, Buddhism has produced impassioned followers the world over. The Buddhist saint Nagarjuna, who lived in South India in approximately the first century CE, is undoubtedly the most important, influential, and widely studied Mahayana Buddhist philosopher. His many works include texts (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   81 citations  
  30.  70
    Aristotle on the Archai of Practical Thought.Jay R. Elliott - 2018 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (4):448-468.
    Scholars have long debated how exactly Aristotle thinks that agents acquire the distinctive archai (“principles” or “starting‐points”) that govern their practical reasoning. The debate has traditionally been dominated by anti‐intellectualists, who hold that for Aristotle all agents acquire their archai solely through a process of habituation in the nonrational soul. Their traditional opponents, the intellectualists, focus their argument on the case of the virtuous person, arguing that in Aristotle’s view virtuous agents acquire their archai through a process of reasoning. I (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  14
    Libertarians and the Catholic Church on Intellectual Property Laws.Jay Mukherjee & Walter E. Block - 2012 - Las Torres de Lucca: Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 1 (1):83-99.
    Catholics and libertarians make strange bedfellows. They sharply disagree on many issues. However, when it comes to intellectual property rights, they are surprisingly congruent, albeit for different reasons. The present paper traces out the agreement on patents between these two very different philosophies.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  81
    Belief in Psychology: A Study in the Ontology of Mind.Jay L. Garfield - 1988 - MIT Press.
    Belief in Psychology tackles the knotty problem of how to treat the propositional attitudes states such as beliefs, desires, hopes and fears within cognitive science. Jay Garfield asserts that the propositional attitudes can and must play useful theoretical roles in the science of the mind and stresses the importance of their social context in this sophisticated and original argument.Garfield proposes his own alternative to the apparent dilemma of either scrapping the propositional attitudes or of making room for them within a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   76 citations  
  33.  49
    Foundational issues: how must global ethics be global?Jay Drydyk - 2014 - Journal of Global Ethics 10 (1):16-25.
    Over the past 20 years, global ethics has come to be conceived in different ways. Two main tendencies can be distinguished. One asks from whence global ethics comes and defines ‘global ethics’ as arising from globalization. The other tendency is to ask whither global ethics must go and thus defines ‘global ethics’ as a destination, namely arriving at a comprehensive global ethic. I will note some types of discussion that may have been wrongly excluded from the scope of global ethics (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  34.  35
    Deleuze and the Kyoto School: Onto-logics.Jay Hetrick - 2022 - Philosophy East and West 72 (3):717-738.
    Abstract:In his book The Logic of Sense, Gilles Deleuze seems to connect his concept of the event with the Mahāyāna idea of emptiness by stating that "the event is the identity of form and void." This article investigates this seemingly naive association in relation to the very few actual references to Buddhist philosophy in Deleuze's work. In the process, it is suggested that Deleuze's onto-logic—regardless of his actual intention with regard to Buddhism—may in some respects be more adequate than that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  50
    Sensemaking Strategies for Ethical Decision Making.Jay J. Caughron, Alison L. Antes, Cheryl K. Stenmark, Chase E. Thiel, Xiaoqian Wang & Michael D. Mumford - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (5):351 - 366.
    The current study uses a sensemaking model and thinking strategies identified in earlier research to examine ethical decision making. Using a sample of 163 undergraduates, a low-fidelity simulation approach is used to study the effects personal involvement (in causing the problem and personal involvement in experiencing the outcomes of the problem) could have on the use of cognitive reasoning strategies that have been shown to promote ethical decision making. A mediated model is presented which suggests that environmental factors influence reasoning (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  36. Śrī Jayēntira Carasvati Cuvāmikaḷin̲ aruḷuraikaḷ.Jayēntira Sarasvati - 2003 - Cen̲n̲ai: Vān̲ati Patippakam.
    Spiritual messages of Jayēntira Sarasvati, Jagatguru Sankaracharya of Kamakoti, b. 1935, Hindu religious leader.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Empty words: Buddhist philosophy and cross-cultural interpretation.Jay L. Garfield - 2002 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume collects Jay Garfield 's essays on Madhyamaka, Yogacara, Buddhist ethics and cross-cultural hermeneutics. The first part addresses Madhyamaka, supplementing Garfield 's translation of Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way, a foundational philosophical text by the Buddhist saint Nagarjuna. Garfield then considers the work of philosophical rivals, and sheds important light on the relation of Nagarjuna's views to other Buddhist and non-Buddhist philosophical positions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   63 citations  
  38.  41
    Forgiveness.Jay E. Adams - 1991 - Faith and Philosophy 8 (3):277-304.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  63
    Reply to Müller: Aristotle on vicious choice.Jay R. Elliott - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (6):1193-1203.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40.  82
    Virtue Ethics and Literary Imagination.Jay R. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy and Literature 42 (1):244-256.
    Did Plato see something that Aristotle missed? According to a familiar narrative, Plato regarded literature as dangerous to the aims of philosophy, and he accordingly exiled the poets from his ideal republic. By contrast, Aristotle is supposed to have reconciled literature and philosophy, not only through his appreciative account of epic and tragedy in the Poetics but also through his invocations of literary examples at crucial junctures elsewhere in his corpus, for example his use of the Trojan legend of Priam (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41. Negation, ambiguity, and presupposition.Jay David Atlas - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (3):321 - 336.
    In this paper I argue for the Atlas-Kempson Thesis that sentences of the form The A is not B are not ambiguous but rather semantically general (Quine), non-specific (Zwicky and Sadock), or vague (G. Lakoff). This observation refutes the 1970 Davidson-Harman hypothesis that underlying structures, as full semantic representations, are logical forms. It undermines the conception of semantical presupposition, removes a support for the existence of truth-value gaps for presuppositional sentences (the remaining arguments for which are viciously circular), and lifts (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  42. Aristotle on Virtue, Happiness and External Goods.Jay R. Elliott - 2017 - Ancient Philosophy 37 (2):347-359.
  43.  25
    Deleuze and AlphaGo.Jay Lampert - 2023 - Deleuze and Guattari Studies 17 (1):27-54.
    It is time to update Deleuze and Guattari's contrast between Chess and Go in the ‘Nomadology’ Plateau with a discussion of AlphaGo, the artificial intelligence that revolutionised Go in 2016. I focus less on the political issues in Go nomadology, central as they are, and more on smooth space and time. I explain and speculate on some details in Go strategy, as well as some processes of machine learning. The relations between human Go, computer Go, and smooth-time nomadology remain unsettled, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  38
    Human Rights and Patients’ Privacy in UK Hospitals.Jay Woogara - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (3):234-246.
    The European Convention on Human Rights has been incorporated into UK domestic law. It gives many rights to patients within the National Health Service. This article explores the concept of patients’ right to privacy. It stresses that privacy is a basic human right, and that its respect by health professionals is vital for a patient’s physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being. I argue that health professionals can violate patients’ privacy in a variety of ways. For example: the right to enjoy (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  45.  67
    Peirce on Abstraction.Jay Zeman - 1982 - The Monist 65 (2):211-229.
    Events in the history of thought have often moved as elements of drama—now tense, now tragic, now triumphant. And, it would appear, sometimes ludicrous. This latter is the thrust of a parody which Molière visited upon the savants of his day; he pictures a candidate for a medical degree being solemnly asked why opium puts people to sleep. Just as solemnly and sagaciously, the candidate replies..
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  46.  18
    Cooking (with) Clio and Cleo: Eloquence and Experiment in Seventeenth-Century Florence.Jay Tribby - 1991 - Journal of the History of Ideas 52 (3):417-439.
  47. Of God and Pelicans: A Theology of Reverence for Life.Jay B. Mcdaniel - 1992 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 13 (2):151-156.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  48.  48
    Multimodal genres and transmedia traversals: Social semiotics and the political economy of the sign.Jay Lemke - 2009 - Semiotica 2009 (173):283-297.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  49.  51
    Counterintuitive behavior of social systems.Jay W. Forrester - 1971 - Theory and Decision 2 (2):109-140.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  50. .Jay Garfield & William Edelglass (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
1 — 50 / 999