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  1.  25
    Trans Women Are Real Women: A Critical Realist Intersectional Response to Pilgrim.Jason Summersell - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 17 (3):329-336.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, I explain why I disagree with David Pilgrim’s claim that critical realists should deny any ‘natal male’ claim to womanhood. Specifically, Pilgrim and I have different definitions of the transitive and intransitive dimensions of reality. In my version – which I believe is in the spirit of the Bhaskarian version – the transitive dimension embraces everything that is currently being affected by human praxis. This allows for an intersectional view of gender in which it is perfectly possible (...)
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  2.  27
    The Transgender Controversy: Second Response to Pilgrim.Jason Summersell - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 17 (5):529-545.
    ABSTRACTDavid Pilgrim is, in his words, ‘not at all hostile’ to transgender people. Nevertheless, in my opinion, his position allows him to provide a veneer of philosophical acceptability to transphobic arguments: such as that, if a person can choose their gender, they should be able to choose their age. In stripping away the veneer, I demonstrate that Bhaskar's version of the transitive and intransitive dimensions resolves the supposed conundrum. I also take issue with the idea that sex is biological and (...)
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    Wade Rowland’s Morality by Design Reflects the Religious Renaissance in Philosophy; and ‘It’s Pretty Toxic’ for Women and LGBTQ.Jason Summersell - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (1):89-111.
    ABSTRACTRowland’s message in Morality by Design mirrors Kant’s ‘moral argument’ for God. As such, he is part of a global trend in philosophy towards a ‘religious renaissance’, also reflected in the work of orthodox critical realists, especially those who are drawn to Jurgen Habermas and/or John Dewey in addition to Roy Bhaskar. Many orthodox critical realists may not realize that their approach – which assumes the existence of an absolute, innate, embedded morality – ultimately requires the idea of God to (...)
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