49 found
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  1. Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations.James J. Gross & Ross A. Thompson (eds.) - 2007
  2. Handbook of Emotion Regulation.James J. Gross (ed.) - 2007 - Guilford Press.
    This authoritative volume provides a comprehensive road map of the important and rapidly growing field of emotion regulation.
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  3. Emotion elicitation using films.James J. Gross & Robert W. Levenson - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (1):87-108.
  4.  47
    Explicit and implicit emotion regulation: A dual-process framework.Anett Gyurak, James J. Gross & Amit Etkin - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):400-412.
  5. Emotion Regulation: Past, Present, Future.James J. Gross - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):551-573.
    Modern emotion theories emphasise the adaptive value of emotions. Emotions are by no means always helpful, however. They often must be regulated. The study of emotion regulation has its origins in the psychoanalytic and stress and coping traditions. Recently, increased interest in emotion regulation has led to crucial boundary ambiguities that now threaten progress in this domain. It is argued that distinctions need to be made between (1) regulation of emotion and regulation by emotion; (2) emotion regulation in self and (...)
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  6.  85
    Emotion Generation and Emotion Regulation: One or Two Depends on Your Point of View.James J. Gross & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):8-16.
    Emotion regulation has the odd distinction of being a wildly popular construct whose scientific existence is in considerable doubt. In this article, we discuss the confusion about whether emotion generation and emotion regulation can and should be distinguished from one another. We describe a continuum of perspectives on emotion, and highlight how different (often mutually incompatible) perspectives on emotion lead to different views about whether emotion generation and emotion regulation can be usefully distinguished. We argue that making differences in perspective (...)
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  7.  10
    Integrating emotion regulation and emotional intelligence traditions: a meta-analysis.Ainize Peña-Sarrionandia, Moïra Mikolajczak & James J. Gross - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  8.  79
    Functional Accounts of Emotions.Dacher Keltner & James J. Gross - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):467-480.
    In this article we outline the history, elements, and variations of functional accounts of emotions. Summarising diverse theories and observations, we propose that functional accounts of emotions: (1) address why humans have emotions; (2) define emotions as solutions to problems and opportunities related to physical and social survival; (3) treat emotions as systems of interrelated components; and (4) focus on the beneficial consequences of emotions. This conceptual approach to emotion is complemented by several empirical strategies, including the study of emotion (...)
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  9. Cognition and Emotion Lecture at the 2010 SPSP Emotion Preconference.James J. Gross, Gal Sheppes & Heather L. Urry - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (5):765-781.
    One of the most fundamental distinctions in the field of emotion is the distinction between emotion generation and emotion regulation. This distinction fits comfortably with folk theories, which view emotions as passions that arise unbidden and then must be controlled. But is it really helpful to distinguish between emotion generation and emotion regulation? In this article, we begin by offering working definitions of emotion generation and emotion regulation. We argue that in some circumstances, the distinction between emotion generation and emotion (...)
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  10.  15
    Reappraising Reappraisal.Andero Uusberg, Jamie L. Taxer, Jennifer Yih, Helen Uusberg & James J. Gross - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (4):267-282.
    What psychological mechanisms enable people to reappraise a situation to change its emotional impact? We propose that reappraisal works by shifting appraisal outcomes—abstract representations of ho...
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  11.  70
    Individual differences in emotion regulation.Oliver P. John & James J. Gross - 2007 - In James J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Guilford Press. pp. 351--372.
  12.  56
    Emotion regulation choice: the role of environmental affordances.Gaurav Suri, Gal Sheppes, Gerald Young, Damon Abraham, Kateri McRae & James J. Gross - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):963-971.
    ABSTRACTWhich emotion regulation strategy one uses in a given context can have profound affective, cognitive, and social consequences. It is therefore important to understand the determinants of emotion regulation choice. Many prior studies have examined person-specific, internal determinants of emotion regulation choice. Recently, it has become clear that external variables that are properties of the stimulus can also influence emotion regulation choice. In the present research, we consider whether reappraisal affordances, defined as the opportunities for re-interpretation of a stimulus that (...)
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  13.  28
    Broadening Our Field of View: The Role of Emotion Polyregulation.Brett Q. Ford, James J. Gross & June Gruber - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (3):197-208.
    The field of emotion regulation has developed rapidly, and a number of emotion regulatory strategies have been identified. To date, empirical attention has focused on contrasting specific regulatio...
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  14.  25
    Cognition and Emotion Lecture at the 2010 SPSP Emotion Preconference.James J. Gross, Gal Sheppes & Heather L. Urry - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (5):765-781.
    One of the most fundamental distinctions in the field of emotion is the distinction between emotion generation and emotion regulation. This distinction fits comfortably with folk theories, which view emotions as passions that arise unbidden and then must be controlled. But is it really helpful to distinguish between emotion generation and emotion regulation? In this article, we begin by offering working definitions of emotion generation and emotion regulation. We argue that in some circumstances, the distinction between emotion generation and emotion (...)
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  15.  4
    Affective Benefits of Nature Contact: The Role of Rumination.Gregory N. Bratman, Gerald Young, Ashish Mehta, Ihno Lee Babineaux, Gretchen C. Daily & James J. Gross - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Mounting evidence shows that nature contact is associated with affective benefits. However, the psychological mechanisms responsible for these effects are not well understood. In this study, we examined whether more time spent in nature was associated with higher levels of positive affect in general, and lower levels of negative affect and rumination in general. We also conducted a cross-sectional mediation analysis to examine whether rumination mediated the association of nature contact with affect. Participants reported their average time spent in nature (...)
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  16.  31
    Yes I can: Expected success promotes actual success in emotion regulation.Yochanan E. Bigman, Iris B. Mauss, James J. Gross & Maya Tamir - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (7).
  17.  24
    Better together: a unified perspective on appraisal and emotion regulation.Jennifer Yih, Andero Uusberg, Jamie L. Taxer & James J. Gross - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):41-47.
  18.  11
    Promoting Psychological Well-Being Through an Evidence-Based Mindfulness Training Program.Yi-Yuan Tang, Rongxiang Tang & James J. Gross - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  19.  19
    Author Reply: An Appraisal Perspective on Neutral Affective States.Jennifer Yih, Andero Uusberg, Weiqiang Qian & James J. Gross - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (1):41-43.
    We applaud Gasper (2018) for reviewing five approaches to operationalizing neutral states. To supplement Gasper’s important contribution, we express the five neutral conditions at the appraisal level with the hope of clarifying their defining features and helping researchers to generate suitable neutral conditions.
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  20.  24
    The Ideal of the Dispassionate Judge: An Emotion Regulation Perspective.Terry A. Maroney & James J. Gross - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):142-151.
    According to legal tradition, the ideal judge is entirely dispassionate. Affective science calls into question the legitimacy of this ideal; further, it suggests that no judge could ever meet this standard, even if it were the correct one. What judges can and should do is to learn to effectively manage—rather than eliminate—emotion. Specifically, an emotion regulation perspective suggests that judicial emotion is best managed by cognitive reappraisal and, often, disclosure; behavioral suppression should be used sparingly; and suppression of emotional experience (...)
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  21.  88
    Autonomic Nervous System Activity During Positive Emotions: A Meta-Analytic Review.Maciej Behnke, Sylvia D. Kreibig, Lukasz D. Kaczmarek, Mark Assink & James J. Gross - 2022 - Emotion Review 14 (2):132-160.
    Emotion Review, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 132-160, April 2022. Autonomic nervous system activity is a fundamental component of emotional responding. It is not clear, however, whether positive emotional states are associated with differential ANS reactivity. To address this issue, we conducted a meta-analytic review of 120 articles, measuring ANS activity during 11 elicited positive emotions, namely amusement, attachment love, awe, contentment, craving, excitement, gratitude, joy, nurturant love, pride, and sexual desire. We identified a widely dispersed collection of studies. Univariate (...)
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  22. On the automaticity of emotion.Lisa Feldman Barrett, Kevin N. Ochsner & James J. Gross - 2007 - In John A. Bargh (ed.), Social Psychology and the Unconscious: The Automaticity of Higher Mental Processes. Frontiers of Social Psychology. Psychology Press. pp. 173-217.
  23.  18
    Emotion regulation in violent conflict: Reappraisal, hope, and support for humanitarian aid to the opponent in wartime.Eran Halperin & James J. Gross - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1228-1236.
  24.  38
    Humour as emotion regulation: The differential consequences of negative versus positive humour.Andrea C. Samson & James J. Gross - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (2):375-384.
  25.  27
    Beliefs about emotion: implications for avoidance-based emotion regulation and psychological health.Krista De Castella, Michael J. Platow, Maya Tamir & James J. Gross - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (4):773-795.
    People’s beliefs about their ability to control their emotions predict a range of important psychological outcomes. It is not clear, however, whether these beliefs are playing a causal role, and if so, why this might be. In the current research, we tested whether avoidance-based emotion regulation explains the link between beliefs and psychological outcomes. In Study 1, a perceived lack of control over emotions predicted poorer psychological health outcomes, and avoidance strategies indirectly explained these links between emotion beliefs and psychological (...)
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  26.  35
    The Future’s So Bright, I Gotta Wear Shades.James J. Gross - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (3):212-216.
    In this article I consider the future of the field of emotion. My conclusion—borrowing the title of a little-remembered song from the 1980s—is that “the future’s so bright, I gotta wear shades.” I begin this article by considering some of the many daunting conceptual and empirical challenges here; this is clearly not a field for the faint of heart. I then turn to some of the incredible conceptual and empirical opportunities here; there are so many it’s easy to feel dizzy. (...)
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  27.  25
    What is an Emotion? A Connectionist Perspective.Gaurav Suri & James J. Gross - 2022 - Emotion Review 14 (2):99-110.
    Emotion Review, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 99-110, April 2022. Researchers often disagree as to whether emotions are largely consistent across people and over time, or whether they are variable. They also disagree as to whether emotions are initiated by appraisals, or whether they may be initiated in diverse ways. We draw upon Parallel-Distributed-Processing to offer an algorithmic account in which features of an emotion instance are bi-directionally connected to each other via conjunction units. We propose that such indirect connections (...)
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  28.  39
    Eliciting positive, negative and mixed emotional states: A film library for affective scientists.Andrea C. Samson, Sylvia D. Kreibig, Blake Soderstrom, A. Ayanna Wade & James J. Gross - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (5).
  29.  17
    Authors' Reply: Why a Connectionist Perspective on Emotion is Helpful.Gaurav Suri & James J. Gross - 2022 - Emotion Review 14 (2):116-120.
    Emotion Review, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 116-120, April 2022. To make progress related to long-standing questions related to the nature of emotion, we offer the Interactive Activation and Competition framework for Emotion. The IAC-E is not another conventional theory of emotion. Rather, it offers a neural-network-based, algorithmic account of how emotion instances and categories arise. Our approach suggests that there need not be a contradiction between instances of the same emotion being sometimes consistent and sometimes variable. Similarly, there need (...)
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  30.  8
    Emotion regulation during the COVID-19 pandemic: risk and resilience factors for parental burnout.Dana Vertsberger, Isabelle Roskam, Anat Talmon, Hedwig van Bakel, Ruby Hall, Moïra Mikolajczak & James J. Gross - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (1):100-105.
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  31.  99
    The neural architecture of emotion regulation.Kevin N. Ochsner & James J. Gross - 2007 - In James J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Guilford Press. pp. 1--1.
  32.  20
    Taking one's lumps while doing the splits: A big tent perspective on emotion generation and emotion regulation.James J. Gross, Gal Sheppes & Heather L. Urry - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (5):789-793.
  33.  15
    Value-based decision making: An interactive activation perspective.Gaurav Suri, James J. Gross & James L. McClelland - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (2):153-185.
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  34.  58
    Emotion and Emotion Regulation: Integrating Individual and Social Levels of Analysis.Emily A. Butler & James J. Gross - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (1):86-87.
    Rimé makes the important observation that the literature on adult emotion and emotion regulation has largely focused on the individual level of analysis. He argues, we believe correctly, that emotion research would benefit by addressing the fact that emotional events provoke not only individual responses, but systematic social responses as well. We present examples of our own research that are in accord with Rimé's central claims, and that demonstrate the benefits of considering the goals that are provoked and satisfied by (...)
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  35.  6
    Author Reply: An Appraisal Perspective on Neutral Affective States.Jennifer Yih, Andero Uusberg, Weiqiang Qian & James J. Gross - 2019 - Emotion Review 12 (1):41-43.
    We applaud Gasper for reviewing five approaches to operationalizing neutral states. To supplement Gasper’s important contribution, we express the five neutral conditions at the appraisal lev...
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  36.  56
    Emotion regulation and successful aging.Gaurav Suri & James J. Gross - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):409-410.
  37.  6
    Associations of nature contact with emotional ill-being and well-being: the role of emotion regulation.Gregory N. Bratman, Ashish Mehta, Hector Olvera-Alvarez, Katie Malloy Spink, Chaja Levy, Mathew P. White, Laura D. Kubzansky & James J. Gross - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion.
    Nature contact has associations with emotional ill-being and well-being. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations are not fully understood. We hypothesised that increased adaptive and decreased maladaptive emotion regulation strategies would be a pathway linking nature contact to ill-being and well-being. Using data from a survey of 600 U.S.-based adults administered online in 2022, we conducted structural equation modelling to test our hypotheses. We found that (1) frequency of nature contact was significantly associated with lesser emotional ill-being and greater emotional (...)
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  38.  26
    Cognitive Vulnerability, Depression, and the Moodstate Dependent Hypothesis: I out of Sight Out of Mind?Jeanne Miranda & James J. Gross - 1997 - Cognition and Emotion 11 (5-6):585-605.
  39.  15
    The Undoing Effect of Positive Emotions: A Meta-Analytic Review.Maciej Behnke, Magdalena Pietruch, Patrycja Chwiłkowska, Eliza Wessel, Lukasz D. Kaczmarek, Mark Assink & James J. Gross - 2023 - Emotion Review 15 (1):45-62.
    The undoing hypothesis proposes that positive emotions serve to undo sympathetic arousal related to negative emotions and stress. However, a recent qualitative review challenged the undoing effect by presenting conflicting results. To address this issue quantitatively, we conducted a meta-analytic review of 16 studies ( N = 1,220; 72 effect sizes) measuring sympathetic recovery during elicited positive emotions and neutral conditions. Findings indicated that in most cases, positive emotions did not speed sympathetic recovery compared to neutral conditions. However, when a (...)
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  40.  19
    Beyond willpower.James J. Gross & Angela L. Duckworth - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    For all its popularity as a psychological construct, willpower is irremediably polysemous. A more helpful construct is self-control, defined as the self-regulation of conflicting impulses. We show how the process model of self-control provides a principled framework for examining how undesirable impulses may be weakened and desirable impulses may be strengthened.
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  41. In memoriam of Emily Butler, 1963–2023.Iris Mauss, Dave Sbarra, Melissa Curran, James J. Gross & Kobus Barnard - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (8):1464-1466.
    Emily Butler, a psychologist and Professor of Family Studies and Human Development (FSHD) at the University of Arizona, passed away on January 31, 2023. Dr. Butler was born on October 3, 1963 in Wi...
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  42.  11
    The regulation of recurrent negative emotion in the aftermath of a lost election.Ashish Mehta, Magdalena Formanowicz, Andero Uusberg, Helen Uusberg, James J. Gross & Gaurav Suri - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (4):848-857.
    For some American voters, the news of Mr. Trump's victory in the 2016 presidential election caused recurrent emotions that were negative, persistent, and intense enough to elicit repeated attempts...
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  43.  9
    Think again: the role of reappraisal in reducing negative valence bias.Maital Neta, Nicholas R. Harp, Tien T. Tong, Claudia J. Clinchard, Catherine C. Brown, James J. Gross & Andero Uusberg - 2023 - Cognition and Emotion 37 (2):238-253.
    Stimuli such as surprised faces are ambiguous in that they are associated with both positive and negative outcomes. Interestingly, people differ reliably in whether they evaluate these and other ambiguous stimuli as positive or negative, and we have argued that a positive evaluation relies in part on a biasing of the appraisal processes via reappraisal. To further test this idea, we conducted two studies to evaluate whether increasing the cognitive accessibility of reappraisal through a brief emotion regulation task would lead (...)
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  44.  5
    Corrigendum: Integrating emotion regulation and emotional intelligence traditions: a meta-analysis.Ainize Peña-Sarrionandia, Moïra Mikolajczak & James J. Gross - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  10
    Why a Connectionist Perspective on Emotion is Helpful.Gaurav Suri & James J. Gross - forthcoming - Emotion Review:175407392210896.
    To make progress related to long-standing questions related to the nature of emotion, we offer the Interactive Activation and Competition framework for Emotion. The IAC-E is not another con...
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  46.  11
    Why a Connectionist Perspective on Emotion is Helpful.Gaurav Suri & James J. Gross - forthcoming - Sage Publications: Emotion Review.
    Emotion Review, Ahead of Print. To make progress related to long-standing questions related to the nature of emotion, we offer the Interactive Activation and Competition framework for Emotion. The IAC-E is not another conventional theory of emotion. Rather, it offers a neural-network-based, algorithmic account of how emotion instances and categories arise. Our approach suggests that there need not be a contradiction between instances of the same emotion being sometimes consistent and sometimes variable. Similarly, there need not be a contradiction between (...)
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  47.  6
    Reappraising reappraisal: an expanded view.Andero Uusberg, Brett Ford, Helen Uusberg & James J. Gross - 2023 - Cognition and Emotion 37 (3):357-370.
    Reappraisal is a frequently used and often successful emotion regulation strategy. However, its underlying cognitive mechanisms are not well understood. In this paper, we seek to clarify these mechanisms by expanding upon our recently proposed reAppraisal framework. According to this framework, reappraisal consists of appraisal shifts that arise from changes to the mental construal of a situation (reconstrual) or from changes to the goals that are used to evaluate the construal (repurposing). Here we propose that reappraisal can target both object-level (...)
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  48.  3
    The role of self-compassion in loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic: a group-based trajectory modelling approach.Robin Wollast, David A. Preece, Mathias Schmitz, Alix Bigot, James J. Gross & Olivier Luminet - 2024 - Cognition and Emotion 38 (1):103-119.
    Research has suggested an increase in loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic, but much of this work has been cross-sectional, making causal inferences difficult. In the present research, we employed a longitudinal design to identify loneliness trajectories within a period of twelve months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium (N = 2106). We were particularly interested in the potential protective role of self-compassion in these temporal dynamics. Using a group-based trajectory modelling approach, we identified trajectory groups of individuals following low (11.0%), (...)
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  49.  17
    Reappraising faces: effects on accountability appraisals, self-reported valence, and pupil diameter.Jennifer Yih, Harry Sha, Danielle E. Beam, Josef Parvizi & James J. Gross - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1041-1050.
    ABSTRACTMany of our emotions arise in social contexts, as we interact with and learn about others. What is not yet clear, however, is how such emotions unfold when we either react to others or attempt to regulate our emotions. To address this issue, 30 healthy volunteers reacted to or reappraised positive or negative information that was paired with neutral faces. While they were doing this task, we assessed pupillary responses. We also asked participants to provide ratings of accountability and experienced (...)
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