Results for 'James H. Michelman'

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  1.  36
    Some Ethical Consequences of Economic Competition.James H. Michelman - 1983 - Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):79 - 87.
    Commonly accepted dictates of morality clash with the a priori laws of free economic competition. These divergent directives — that stem from the essence of their sources and cannot be changed or negated without altering their sources — contradict each other and so set up conflicts of the most fundamental kind in men's psyches (or souls). In addition, this clash of moralities implies a most serious question respecting real freedom under a system of so-called free-enterprise. For, if in order to (...)
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  2.  36
    Deception in Commercial Negotiation.James H. Michelman - 1983 - Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):255 - 262.
    Buyers and sellers of inputs of production, to the degree that they must negotiate directly with each other and cannot have recourse to more impersonal markets, share in certain aspects of bilateral monopoly. Under these circumstances, and assuming profit maximizing goals for each, deception often seems to be an unavoidable characteristic of negotiation.
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  3. Artificial Intelligence: Its Scope and Limits.James H. Fetzer - 1990 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    1. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? One of the fascinating aspects of the field of artificial intelligence (AI) is that the precise nature of its subject ..
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  4.  43
    James H. Nehring 57.James H. Nehring - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  5. The Musicality of Speech.James H. P. Lewis - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    It is common for people to be sensitive to aesthetic qualities in one another’s speech. We allow the loveliness or unloveliness of a person’s voice to make impressions on us. What is more, it is also common to allow those aesthetic impressions to affect how we are inclined to feel about the speaker. We form attitudes of liking, trusting, disliking or distrusting partly in virtue of the aesthetic qualities of a person’s speech. In this paper I ask whether such attitudes (...)
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  6.  38
    Bad Blood Thirty Years Later: A Q&A with James H. Jones.James H. Jones & Nancy M. P. King - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):867-872.
    Historian James H. Jones published the first edition of Bad Blood, the definitive history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, in 1981. Its clear-eyed examination of that research and its implications remains a bioethics classic, and the 30-year anniversary of its publication served as the impetus for the reexamination of research ethics that this symposium presents. Recent revelations about the United States Public Health Service study that infected mental patients and prisoners in Guatemala with syphilis in the late 1940s in (...)
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  7.  28
    Computer Reliability and Public Policy: Limits of Knowledge of Computer-Based Systems*: JAMES H. FETZER.James H. Fetzer - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):229-266.
    Perhaps no technological innovation has so dominated the second half of the twentieth century as has the introduction of the programmable computer. It is quite difficult if not impossible to imagine how contemporary affairs—in business and science, communications and transportation, governmental and military activities, for example—could be conducted without the use of computing machines, whose principal contribution has been to relieve us of the necessity for certain kinds of mental exertion. The computer revolution has reduced our mental labors by means (...)
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  8.  8
    Zen-Brain Reflections.James H. Austin - 2010 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness.Zen-Brain Reflections takes (...)
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  9.  1
    The Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel: Studies in Science, Explanation, and Rationality.James H. Fetzer (ed.) - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    Hempel was one of the most influential philosophers of science in the 20th century, along with Thomas Kuhn and Sir Karl Popper. His work defined the central problems of the field and its proper methods of investigation. By presenting an analytical and historical introduction and a comprehensive bibliography together with a selection of many of Carl G. Hempel's most important studies, this volume provides an ideal opportunity for students and scholars to appreciate the enduring contributions of one of the most (...)
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  10.  17
    Group Decision and Social Interaction: A Theory of Social Decision Schemes.James H. Davis - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (2):97-125.
  11.  30
    "Group Decision and Social Interaction: A Theory of Social Decision Schemes": Errata.James H. Davis - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (4):302-302.
  12. The Psychology of Religious Mysticism.James H. Leuba - 1999 - Routledge.
    First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  13. Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness.James H. Austin - 1998 - MIT Press.
    The book uses Zen Buddhism as the opening wedge for an extraordinarily wide-ranging exploration of consciousness.
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  14.  3
    Philosophy and Cognitive Science.James H. Fetzer - 1991 - Paragon House.
  15.  1
    Problems of Philosophy or Principles of Epistemology and Metaphysics.James H. Hyslop - 1905 - Macmillan.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps, and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may (...)
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  16.  42
    Methodological Individualism: Singular Causal Systems and Their Population Manifestations.James H. Fetzer - 1986 - Synthese 68 (1):99 - 128.
    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the properties of singular causal systems and their population manifestations, with special concern for the thesis of methodological individualism, which claims that there are no properties of social groups that cannot be adequately explained exclusively by reference to properties of individual members of those groups, i.e., at the level of individuals. Individuals, however, may be viewed as singular causal systems, i.e., as instantiations of (arrangements of) dispositional properties. From this perspective, methodological individualism (...)
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  17.  36
    Commanding, Giving, Vulnerable: What is the Normative Standing of the Other in Levinas.James H. P. Lewis & Robert Stern - 2019 - In Michael Fagenblat & Melis Erdur (eds.), Levinas and Analytic Philosophy: Second-Person Normativity and the Moral Life. London: Routledge.
    At the heart of Levinas’s work is the apparently simple idea that through the encounter with another person, we are forced to give up our self-concern and take heed of the ethical relation between us. But, while simple on the surface, when one tries to characterize it in more detail, it can be hard to fit together the various ways in which Levinas talks about this relation and to identify precisely what he took its normative structure to be, as this (...)
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  18.  1
    SOCRATES’ STRATEGIES - (M.) Marshall Reading Plato's Dialogues to Enhance Learning and Inquiry. Exploring Socrates’ Use of Protreptic for Student Engagement. Pp. X + 223, Figs. London and New York: Routledge, 2021. Cased, £120, US$160. ISBN: 978-0-36763632-6. [REVIEW]James H. Collins - 2022 - The Classical Review 72 (2):459-461.
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  19.  12
    Meditating Selflessly: Practical Neural Zen.James H. Austin - 2013 - MIT Press.
    This is not the usual kind of self-help book. Indeed, its major premise heeds a Zen master's advice to be _less_ self-centered. Yes, it is "one more book of words about Zen," as the author concedes, yet this book explains meditative practices from the perspective of a " _neural_ Zen." The latest findings in brain research inform its suggestions. In _Meditating Selflessly_, James Austin -- Zen practitioner, neurologist, and author of three acclaimed books on Zen and neuroscience -- guides (...)
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  20.  26
    Semantic Priming and Retrieval From Lexical Memory: Roles of Inhibitionless Spreading Activation and Limited-Capacity Attention.James H. Neely - 1977 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 106 (3):226-254.
  21. Quaestiones de Anima a Newly Established Edition of the Latin Text with an Introduction and Notes.James H. Thomas & Robb - 1968 - Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
     
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  22.  42
    Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World. Wesley Salmon.James H. Fetzer - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):597-610.
    If the decades of the forties through the sixties were dominated by discussion of Hempel's “covering law“ explication of explanation, that of the seventies was preoccupied with Salmon's “statistical relevance” conception, which emerged as the principal alternative to Hempel's enormously influential account. Readers of Wesley C. Salmon's Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World, therefore, ought to find it refreshing to discover that its author has not remained content with a facile defense of his previous investigations; on the (...)
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  23.  1
    The Future of Social Epistemology: A Collective Vision.James H. Collier (ed.) - 2015 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Offers a vital, unique and agenda-setting perspective for the field of social epistemology – the philosophical basis for prescribing the social means and ends for pursuing knowledge.
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  24. An Introduction to Philosophy.James H. Ryan - 1924 - Macmillan.
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  25. Questions on the Soul = Quaestiones de Anima.James H. Thomas & Robb - 1984
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  26.  8
    Attenuation of Blocking with Shifts in Reward: The Involvement of Schedule-Generated Contextual Cues.James H. Neely & Allan R. Wagner - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):751.
  27.  11
    Zen-Brain Reflections: Reviewing Recent Developments in Meditation and States of Consciousness.James H. Austin - 2006 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness.Zen-Brain Reflections takes (...)
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  28. Essays in Honor of Wesley C. Salmon.James H. Fetzer (ed.) - 1988 - Springer: Netherlands.
     
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  29. Language and Mentality: Computational, Representational, and Dispositional Conceptions.James H. Fetzer - 1989 - Behaviorism 17 (1):21-39.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore three alternative frameworks for understanding the nature of language and mentality, which accent syntactical, semantical, and pragmatical aspects of the phenomena with which they are concerned, respectively. Although the computational conception currently exerts considerable appeal, its defensibility appears to hinge upon an extremely implausible theory of the relation of form to content. Similarly, while the representational approach has much to recommend it, its range is essentially restricted to those units of language that (...)
     
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  30. Towards a Theory of Privacy in the Information Age.James H. Moor - 1997 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 27 (3):27-32.
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  31. Upright Vision.James H. Hyslop - 1897 - Psychological Review 4 (2):142-163.
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  32. Three Myths of Computer Science.James H. Moor - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):213-222.
  33. What is Computer Ethics?James H. Moor - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (4):266-275.
  34.  66
    Professor William James' Interpretation of Religious Experience.James H. Leuba - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):322-339.
  35. Why We Need Better Ethics for Emerging Technologies.James H. Moor - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):111-119.
    Technological revolutions are dissected into three stages: the introduction stage, the permeation stage, and the power stage. The information revolution is a primary example of this tripartite model. A hypothesis about ethics is proposed, namely, ethical problems increase as technological revolutions progress toward and into the power stage. Genetic technology, nanotechnology, and neurotechnology are good candidates for impending technological revolutions. Two reasons favoring their candidacy as revolutionary are their high degree of malleability and their convergence. Assuming the emerging technologies develop (...)
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  36. An Analysis of the Turing Test.James H. Moor - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 30 (4):249 - 257.
  37.  6
    After Images and Allied Phenomena.James H. Hyslop - 1903 - Psychological Review 10 (3):296-297.
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  38.  6
    Experiments in the Perception of the Third Dimension.James H. Hyslop - 1903 - Psychological Review 10 (1):47-51.
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  39.  79
    Perceptions of Country Corruption: Antecedents and Outcomes. [REVIEW]James H. Davis & John A. Ruhe - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):275 - 288.
    Globalization has increased the need for managers (and future managers) to predict the potential for country corruption. This study examines the relationship between Hofstede''s cultural dimensions and how country corruption is perceived. Power distance, individualism and masculinity were found to explain a significant portion of the variance in perceived corruption. A significant portion of country''s risk, trade flow with U.S.A., foreign investment, and per capita income was explained by perceived corruption.
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  40.  8
    The Nature of Explanation.James H. Fetzer - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (3):516-519.
  41.  4
    Studies From the Bryn Mawr College Psychological Laboratory: An Experiment in Learning to Make Hand Movements.James H. Leuba & Winifred Hyde - 1905 - Psychological Review 12 (6):351-369.
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  42. Program Verification: The Very Idea.James H. Fetzer - 1988 - Communications of the Acm 31 (9):1048--1063.
    The notion of program verification appears to trade upon an equivocation. Algorithms, as logical structures, are appropriate subjects for deductive verification. Programs, as causal models of those structures, are not. The success of program verification as a generally applicable and completely reliable method for guaranteeing program performance is not even a theoretical possibility.
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  43. Information, Misinformation, and Disinformation.James H. Fetzer - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229.
    Luciano Floridi offers a theory of information as a “strongly semantic” notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as “information”. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are information; (...)
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  44. Information: Does It Have to Be True? [REVIEW]James H. Fetzer - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229.
    Luciano Floridi (2003) offers a theory of information as a strongly semantic notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as information. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are (...)
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  45.  29
    Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?James H. Fetzer - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (1):1-29.
    The idea that human thought requires the execution of mental algorithms provides a foundation for research programs in cognitive science, which are largely based upon the computational conception of language and mentality. Consideration is given to recent work by Penrose, Searle, and Cleland, who supply various grounds for disputing computationalism. These grounds in turn qualify as reasons for preferring a non-computational, semiotic approach, which can account for them as predictable manifestations of a more adquate conception. Thinking does not ordinarily require (...)
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  46.  7
    Professor Munsterberg on Mysticism.James H. Hyslop - 1899 - Psychological Review 6 (3):292-298.
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  47.  18
    Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?James H. Fetzer - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (1):1-29.
    The idea that human thought requires the execution of mental algorithms provides a foundation for research programs in cognitive science, which are largely based upon the computational conception of language and mentality. Consideration is given to recent work by Penrose, Searle, and Cleland, who supply various grounds for disputing computationalism. These grounds in turn qualify as reasons for preferring a non-computational, semiotic approach, which can account for them as predictable manifestations of a more adquate conception. Thinking does not ordinarily require (...)
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  48.  9
    Differential Instrumental Conditioning as a Function of Percentage and Amount of Positive Stimulus Reward.James H. McHose & Douglas P. Peters - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):413.
  49. Global Health and the Scientific Research Agenda.James H. Flory & Philip Kitcher - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (1):36-65.
  50. William James and Immortality.James H. Leuba - 1915 - Journal of Philosophy 12 (15):409.
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