Results for 'James Demeo'

983 found
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  1.  80
    The origins and diffusion of patrism in Saharasia, c.4000 BCE: Evidence for a worldwide, climate‐linked geographical pattern in human behavior.James Demeo - 1991 - World Futures 30 (4):247-271.
    (1991). The origins and diffusion of patrism in Saharasia, c.4000 BCE: Evidence for a worldwide, climate‐linked geographical pattern in human behavior. World Futures: Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 247-271.
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  2.  13
    Where Did It All Go Wrong? James DeMeos Saharasia Thesis and the Origins of War.Steve Taylor - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (8):73-82.
    Why is human history a catalogue of one war after another? Physicalist and sociobiological explanations of war seem to be lacking, especially when we consider archaeological and ethnographic evidence for the absence of war amongst hunter-gatherer societies and during the early to middle Neolithic period of history. James DeMeo's book Saharasia suggests that the 'age of war' only began at around 4000 BCE, amongst particular human groups who inhabited areas of Central Asia and the Middle East. He sees (...)
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  3. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature.William James - 1929 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Matthew Bradley.
    The Gifford Lectures were established in 1885 at the universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh to promote the discussion of 'Natural Theology in the widest sense of the term - in other words, the knowledge of God', and some of the world's most influential thinkers have delivered them. The 1901–2 lectures given in Edinburgh by American philosopher William James are considered by many to be the greatest in the series. The lectures were published in book form in (...)
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  4. Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking.William James - 2014 - Gorham, ME: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Eric C. Sheffield.
    One of the great American pragmatic philosophers alongside Peirce and Dewey, William James (1842–1910) delivered these eight lectures in Boston and New York in the winter of 1906–7. Though he credits Peirce with coining the term 'pragmatism', James highlights in his subtitle that this 'new name' describes a philosophical temperament as old as Socrates. The pragmatic approach, he says, takes a middle way between rationalism's airy principles and empiricism's hard facts. James' pragmatism is both a method of (...)
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  5.  17
    Causation with a Human Face: Normative Theory and Descriptive Psychology.James Woodward - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    The past few decades have seen an explosion of research on causal reasoning in philosophy, computer science, and statistics, as well as descriptive work in psychology. In Causation with a Human Face, James Woodward integrates these lines of research and argues for an understanding of how each can inform the other: normative ideas can suggest interesting experiments, while descriptive results can suggest important normative concepts. Woodward's overall framework builds on the interventionist treatment of causation that he developed in Making (...)
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  6. Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity.James Tully - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity James Tully. these ambassadors from Haida Gwaii conciliate the goods which appear irreconcilable to us? To discover the answer, and learn our way around on this strange common ground, we need to ...
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  7.  86
    Give the null hypothesis a chance: Reasons to remain doubtful about the existence of psi.James Alcock - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (6-7):6-7.
    Is there a world beyond the senses? Can we perceive future events before they occur? Is it possible to communicate with others without need of our complex sensory-perceptual apparatus that has evolved over hundreds of millions of years? Can our minds/souls/personalities leave our bodies and operate with all the knowledge and information-processing ability that is normally dependent upon the physical brain? Do our personalities survive physical death?
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  8. Understanding Philosophy of Science.James Ladyman - 2001 - New York: Routledge.
    Few can imagine a world without telephones or televisions; many depend on computers and the Internet as part of daily life. Without scientific theory, these developments would not have been possible. In this exceptionally clear and engaging introduction to philosophy of science, James Ladyman explores the philosophical questions that arise when we reflect on the nature of the scientific method and the knowledge it produces. He discusses whether fundamental philosophical questions about knowledge and reality might be answered by science, (...)
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  9. Problems From Kant.James Van Cleve - 1999 - New York: Oup Usa.
    James Van Cleve examines the main topics from Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, such as transcendental idealism, necessity and analyticity, space and time, substance and cause, noumena and things-in-themselves, problems of the self, and rational theology. He also discusses the relationship between Kant's thought and that of modern anti-realists, such as Putnam and Dummett. Because Van Cleve focuses upon specific problems rather than upon entire passages or sections of the Critique, he makes Kant's work more accessible to the serious (...)
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  10. A discourse on property: John Locke and his adversaries.James Tully - 1980 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    John Locke's theory of property is perhaps the most distinctive and the most influential aspect of his political theory. In this book James Tully uses an hermeneutical and analytical approach to offer a revolutionary revision of early modern theories of property, focusing particularly on that of Locke. Setting his analysis within the intellectual context of the seventeenth century, Professor Tully overturns the standard interpretations of Locke's theory, showing that it is not a justification of private property. Instead he shows (...)
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  11.  47
    Distributed memory and the representation of general and specific information.James L. McClelland & David E. Rumelhart - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (2):159-188.
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  12. What Is a Mechanism? A Counterfactual Account.James Woodward - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S366-S377.
    This paper presents a counterfactual account of what a mechanism is. Mechanisms consist of parts, the behavior of which conforms to generalizations that are invariant under interventions, and which are modular in the sense that it is possible in principle to change the behavior of one part independently of the others. Each of these features can be captured by the truth of certain counterfactuals.
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  13.  48
    Feelings: The Perception of Self.James D. Laird - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    This book aims to pinpoint the connection feelings have with behaviour - a connection that, while clear, has never been fully explained. Following William James, Laird argues that feelings are not the cause of behavior but rather its consequences; the same goes for behaviour and motives and behaviour and attitudes. He presents research into feelings across the spectrum, from anger to joy to fear to romantic love, that support this against-the-grain view. Laird discusses the problem of common sense, self-perception (...)
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  14.  13
    Phenomenological Reflections on Violence: A Skeptical Approach.James Dodd - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    Following up on his previous book, _Violence and Phenomenology_, James Dodd presents here an expanded and deepened reflection on the problem of violence. The book’s six essays are guided by a skeptical philosophical attitude about the meaning of violence that refuses to conform to the exigencies of essence and the stable patterns of lived experience. Each essay tracks a discoverable, sometimes familiar figure of violence, while at the same time questioning its limits and revealing sites of its resistance to (...)
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  15. The meaning of truth.William James - 1909 - Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications. Edited by Fredson Bowers & Ignas K. Skrupskelis.
    One of the most influential men of his time, philosopher, psychologist, educator, and author William James (1842-1910) helped lead the transition from a predominantly European-centered nineteenth-century philosophy to a new "pragmatic" American philosophy. Helping to pave the way was his seminal book Pragmatism (1907), in which he included a chapter on "Truth," an essay which provoked severe criticism. In response, he wrote the present work, an attempt to bring together all he had ever written on the theory of knowledge, (...)
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  16.  11
    Modal Logic for Philosophers.James W. Garson - 2006 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Designed for use by philosophy students, this 2006 book provides an accessible, yet technically sound treatment of modal logic and its philosophical applications. Every effort has been made to simplify the presentation by using diagrams in place of more complex mathematical apparatus. These and other innovations provide philosophers with easy access to a rich variety of topics in modal logic, including a full coverage of quantified modal logic, non-rigid designators, definite descriptions, and the de-re de-dictio distinction. Discussion of philosophical issues (...)
  17. Counterfactuals and causal explanation.James Woodward - 2002 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):41 – 72.
    This article defends the use of interventionist counterfactuals to elucidate causal and explanatory claims against criticisms advanced by James Bogen and Peter Machamer. Against Bogen, I argue that counterfactual claims concerning what would happen under interventions are meaningful and have determinate truth values, even in a deterministic world. I also argue, against both Machamer and Bogen, that we need to appeal to counterfactuals to capture the notions like causal relevance and causal mechanism. Contrary to what both authors suppose, counterfactuals (...)
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  18.  14
    What Is Meaning? A Wittgensteinian Answer to an Un-Wittgensteinian Question.Hans-Johann Glock, James Conant & Sebastian Sunday - 2019 - In . pp. 185-210.
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  19.  20
    Strange Multiplicity.James Tully - 1996 - The Good Society 6 (2):28-31.
  20.  24
    Modal Logic for Philosophers.James W. Garson - 2006 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book on modal logic is especially designed for philosophy students. It provides an accessible yet technically sound treatment of modal logic and its philosophical applications. Every effort is made to simplify the presentation by using diagrams instead of more complex mathematical apparatus. These and other innovations provide philosophers with easy access to a rich variety of topics in modal logic, including a full coverage of quantified modal logic, non-rigid designators, definite descriptions, and the de-re de-dicto distinction. Discussion of philosophical (...)
  21.  18
    Philology: The Forgotten Origins of the Modern Humanities.James Turner - 2014 - Princeton University Press.
    A prehistory of today's humanities, from ancient Greece to the early twentieth century Many today do not recognize the word, but "philology" was for centuries nearly synonymous with humanistic intellectual life, encompassing not only the study of Greek and Roman literature and the Bible but also all other studies of language and literature, as well as history, culture, art, and more. In short, philology was the queen of the human sciences. How did it become little more than an archaic word? (...)
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  22.  38
    Wittgenstein in Exile.James C. Klagge - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein's _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_ and _Philosophical Investigations_ are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century, and also among the most perplexing. Wittgenstein warned again and again that he was not and would not be understood. Moreover, Wittgenstein's work seems to have little relevance to the way philosophy is done today. In _Wittgenstein in Exile_, James Klagge proposes a new way of looking at Wittgenstein -- as an exile -- that helps make sense of this. Wittgenstein's exile (...)
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  23. Towards a normative framework for public health ethics and policy.James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):184-194.
    Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, UCL, First Floor, Charles Bell House, 67–73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)20 7679 9417; Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 9426; Email: james-gs.wilson{at}ucl.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract This paper aims to shed some light on the difficulties we face in constructing a generally acceptable normative framework for thinking about public health. It argues that there are three factors (...)
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  24.  15
    Collected essays and reviews.William James & Ralph Barton Perry - 1920 - New York,: Russell & Russell. Edited by Ralph Barton Perry.
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  25.  56
    Genesis I and the Babylonian Creation Myth.James Albertson - 1962 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 37 (2):226-244.
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  26.  4
    A Refutation of Snails by Roast Beef.James Alexander - 2015 - Philosophy Now 107:18-19.
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  27.  35
    Blending in mathematics.James C. Alexander - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (187):1-48.
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  28.  39
    Oakeshott on Hegel's 'injudicious' use of the word 'state'.James Alexander - 2011 - History of Political Thought 32 (1):147-176.
    This article attempts to make sense of Oakeshott's enigmatic comment in 'On Human Conduct' that it was perhaps injudicious of Hegel to use the word state in the Philosophy of Right for his conception of a bounded association. But the article does not confine itself to making sense of Oakeshott's meaning: it compares Oakeshott's conception of societas to Hegel's conception of der Staat, Oakeshott's conception of philosophy as an unconditional consideration of conditional objects with Hegel's conception of philosophy as a (...)
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  29. Should a Christian Bear Arms?James Alexander - 2004 - Quodlibet 6.
     
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  30. Toward an Arminian Universalist Theology.James Alexander - 2003 - Quodlibet 5.
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  31.  7
    The soul and its bearings.James B. Alexander - 1909 - Minneapolis, Minn.: [Press of Pioneer printing co.].
    This Is A New Release Of The Original 1909 Edition.
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  32.  7
    Una cita de Terencio en el De correctione donatistarum.James S. Alexander & J. Oroz Reta - 1995 - Augustinus 40 (156-159):7-11.
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  33.  9
    A St. Dominic’s Day Reflection on Pandemic and Apocalypse.James Alison - 2020 - The Bulletin of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion 65:9-11.
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  34.  20
    Hume on morality.James Baillie - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    David Hume (1711-76) is one of the greatest figures in the history of British philosophy. Of all of Hume's writings, the philosophically most profound is undoubtedly his first, A Treatise on Human Nature. Hume on Morality introduces and assesses: Hume's life and the background of the Treatise ; the ideas and text in the Treatise ; and Hume's continuing importance to philosophy. James Baillie provides us with a map to Books 2 and 3 of the Treatise, focusing on Hume's (...)
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  35.  30
    An Anthropology of Ethics.James D. Faubion - 2011 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Through an ambitious and critical revision of Michel Foucault's investigation of ethics, James Faubion develops an original program of empirical inquiry into the ethical domain. From an anthropological perspective, Faubion argues that Foucault's specification of the analytical parameters of this domain is the most productive point of departure in conceptualizing its distinctive features. He further argues that Foucault's framework is in need of substantial revision to be of genuinely anthropological scope. In making this revision, Faubion illustrates his program with (...)
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  36. Public Philosophy in a New Key: Volume 1, Democracy and Civic Freedom.James Tully - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    These two ambitious volumes from one of the world's most celebrated political philosophers present a new kind of political and legal theory that James Tully calls a public philosophy, and a complementary new way of thinking about active citizenship, called civic freedom. Professor Tully takes the reader step-by-step through the principal debates in political theory and the major types of political struggle today. These volumes represent a genuine landmark in political theory from the author of Strange Multiplicity, one of (...)
     
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  37.  15
    Radical Cosmopolitics: The Ethics and Politics of Democratic Universalism.James D. Ingram - 2013 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    While supporting the cosmopolitan pursuit of a world that respects all rights and interests, James D. Ingram believes political theorists have, in their approach to this project, compromised its egalitarian and emancipatory principles. Focusing on recent debates without losing sight of cosmopolitanism's ancient and Enlightenment roots, Ingram confronts the philosophical difficulties of defending universal ideals and the implications for ethics and political theory. In morality as in politics, theorists have generally focused first on discovering universal values and second on (...)
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  38.  19
    Zen-Brain Reflections: Reviewing Recent Developments in Meditation and States of Consciousness.James H. Austin - 2006 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness.Zen-Brain Reflections takes (...)
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  39. Tense and time reference in English.James D. McCawley - 1971 - In Charles J. Fillmore & D. Terence Langendoen (eds.), Studies in linguistic semantics. New York, N.Y.: Irvington. pp. 96--113.
     
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  40.  12
    Beauty and Revolution in Science.James W. McAllister - 1996 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    How reasonable and rational can science be when its practitioners speak of "revolutions" in their thinking and extol certain theories for their "beauty"? James W. McAllister addresses this question with the first systematic study of the aesthetic evaluations that scientists pass on their theories. P. A. M. Dirac explained why he embraced relativity by saying, "It is the essential beauty of the theory which I feel is the real reason for believing in it." Dirac's claim seems to belie rationalist (...)
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  41. Chomsky: Language, Mind and Politics.James A. McGilvray - 1999 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    Noam Chomsky has made major contributions to three fields: political history and analysis, linguistics, and the philosophies of mind, language, and human nature. In this thoroughly revised and updated volume, James McGilvray provides a critical introduction to Chomsky's work in these three key areas and assesses their continuing importance and relevance for today. In an incisive and comprehensive analysis, McGilvray argues that Chomsky’s work can be seen as a unified intellectual project. He shows how Chomsky adapts the tools of (...)
     
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  42.  46
    Wittgenstein in Exile.James Carl Klagge - 2010 - MIT Press.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein's _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_ and _Philosophical Investigations_ are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century, and also among the most perplexing. Wittgenstein warned again and again that he was not and would not be understood. Moreover, Wittgenstein's work seems to have little relevance to the way philosophy is done today. In _Wittgenstein in Exile_, James Klagge proposes a new way of looking at Wittgenstein -- as an exile -- that helps make sense of this. Wittgenstein's exile (...)
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  43.  37
    The Supervenience Argument Against Moral Realism.James Dreier - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):13-38.
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  44. Predication Without Universals?: A Fling with Ostrich Nominalism.James Van Cleve - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (3):577 - 590.
  45.  30
    The Science of Conjecture.James Franklin - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):539-542.
    Review of James Franklin, The Science of Conjecture: Evidence and Probability Before Pascal (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).
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  46.  3
    Protestant and Roman Catholic ethics: prospects for rapprochement.James M. Gustafson - 1978 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    "If Catholic and Protestant ethicians were asked to name a single theologian who was qualified to write a comprehensive overview of the historical divergences of Catholic and Protestant positions on ethical questions, the bases for those divergences in fundamentally different philosophical and theological perspectives, and the possibilities for future convergences of the traditions, my guess is that James Gustafson would be the one.... This brilliant and tightly argued book... will be the most important book on moral theology to appear (...)
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  47.  31
    Adorno on the Ethical and the Ineffable.James Gordon Finlayson - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):1-25.
    The thesis is that Adorno has a normative ethics, albeit a minimal and negative ethics of resistance. However Adorno’s ethical theory faces two problems: the problem of the availability of the good and the problem of whether a normative ethics is consistent with philosophical negativism. The author argues that a correct of understanding the role of the ineffable in Adorno’s Negative Dialectics solves both problems: it provides an account of the availability of the good that is consistent with his philosophical (...)
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  48.  11
    Toward a General Theory of Fiction.James D. Parsons - 1983 - Philosophy and Literature 7 (1):92-94.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:TOWARD A GENERAL THEORY OF FICTION by James D. Parsons When nelson Goodman writes, "All fiction is literal, literary falsehood," he seems to be disregarding at least one noteworthy tradition.1 The tradition I have in mind includes works by Jeremy Bendiam, Hans Vaihinger, Tobias Dantzig, Wallace Stevens, and a host ofother writers in many fields who have been laboring for more man two centuries to clear the ground (...)
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  49.  17
    Buddhism and Science: Allies or Enemies?Philip Hefner, James F. Moore, Solomon H. Katz, Vlggo Mortensen, Varadaraja V. Raman, C. Mackenzie Brown & Pinit Ratanakul - 2002 - Zygon 37 (1):115-120.
    Buddhist teachings and modern science are analogous both in their approach to the search for truth and in some of the discoveries of contemporary physics, biology, and psychology. However, despite these congruencies and the recognized benefits of science, Buddhism reminds us of the dangers of a tendency toward scientific reductionism and imperialism and of the sciences’ inability to deal with human moral and spiritual values and needs. Buddhism and science have human concerns and final goals that are different, but as (...)
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  50.  27
    Tractatus in Context: The Essential Background for Appreciating Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.James Carl Klagge - 2021 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    "Ludwig Wittgenstein's brief Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is one of the most important philosophical works of the Twentieth Century, yet it offers little orientation for the reader. The first-time reader is left wondering what it could be about, and the scholar is left with little guidance for interpretation. In Tractatus in Context, James C. Klagge presents the vital background necessary for appreciating Wittgenstein's gnomic masterpiece. Tractatus in Context contains the early reactions to the Tractatus, including the initial reviews written in 1922-1924. (...)
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