Results for 'James B. Sampson'

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  1.  4
    Decay of Acoustic Proactive Facilitation.Laird S. Cermak & James B. Sampson - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):237.
  2. Publications by James B. Ashbrook.James B. Ashbrook - 1996 - Zygon 331:483.
     
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  3. 13 The New Biotechnology James B. Beal.James B. Beal - 1974 - In John Warren White (ed.), Frontiers of Consciousness: The Meeting Ground Between Inner and Outer Reality. Julian Press. pp. 213.
     
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  4.  1
    Thoughts of a Philosophical Fighter Pilot.James B. Stockdale - 1995 - Hoover Institution Press.
    In describing his seven and a half years as a prisoner of war in North Vietnam, the late Vice Admiral James B. Stockdale has said: "In that atmosphere of death and hopelessness, stripped of the niceties, the amenities of civilization, my ideas on life and leadership crystallized." Despite torture, intimidation, and isolation, Stockdale fulfilled his duties as senior officer among the prisoners with intelligence and courage, defining rules of conduct and maintaining morale. He often described the intense pressures of (...)
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  5. Transformational Grammar as a Theory of Language Acquisition.B. Derwing & G. Sampson - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (3):275-287.
     
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  6.  69
    Dialectics and the Macrostructure of Arguments: A Theory of Argument Structure.James B. Freeman - 1991 - Berlin and New York: Foris Publications.
    Chapter The Need for a Theory of Argument Structure. THE STANDARD APPROACH The approach to argument diagramming which we call standard was originated, ...
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  7.  5
    Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal Logic Problem.James B. Freeman - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    When, if ever, is one justified in accepting the premises of an argument? What is the proper criterion of premise acceptability? Can the criterion be theoretically or philosophically justified? This is the first book to provide a comprehensive theory of premise acceptability and it answers the questions above from an epistemological approach that the author calls common sense foundationalism. It will be eagerly sought out not just by specialists in informal logic, critical thinking, and argumentation theory but also by a (...)
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  8.  45
    The Logical Dimension of Argumentation and Its Semantic Appraisal in Bermejo-Luque’s Giving Reasons.James B. Freeman - 2011 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 26 (3):289-299.
    ABSTRACT: We critically examine Bermejo-Luque’s account of the logical dimension of argumentation and its logical or semantic evaluation. Our considerations concern her views on inference claims, validity, logical normativity, warrants, necessity, warrants and the justification of inferences, ontological versus epistemic modal qualifiers, ontological versus epistemic probability, and ontological versus conditional probability.RESUMEN: Examinamos críticamente el análisis que Bermejo-Luque propone de la dimensión lógica de la argumentación y de su evaluación lógica o semántica. Nuestras objeciones ser refieren a sus tesis sobre las (...)
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  9.  1
    Where Men Hide.James B. Twitchell & Ken Ross - 2006 - Columbia University Press.
    Where Men Hide is a spirited tour of the dark and often dirty places men go to find comfort, camaraderie, relaxation, and escape. Ken Ross's striking photographs and James B. Twitchell's lively analysis trace the evolution of these virtual caves, and question why they are rapidly disappearing. They find that for centuries men have met with each other in underground lairs and clubhouses to conduct business or to bond and indulge in shady entertainments. In these secret dens, certain rules (...)
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  10.  34
    Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory.James B. Freeman - 2011 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    An approach to argument macrostructure -- The dialectical nature of argument -- Toulmin's problematic notion of warrant -- The linked-convergent distinction, a first approximation -- Argument structure and disciplinary perspective : the linked-convergent versus multiple-co-ordinatively compound distinctions -- The linked-convergent distinction, refining the criterion -- Argument structure and enthymemes -- From analysis to evaluation.
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  11.  13
    The Logical Dimension of Argumentation and Its Semantic Appraisal in Bermejo-Luque’s Giving Reasons.James B. Freeman - 2011 - Theoria 26 (3):289-299.
    We critically examine Bermejo-Luque’s account of the logical dimension of argumentation and its logical or semantic evaluation. Our considerations concern her views on inference claims, validity, logical normativity, warrants, necessity, warrants and the justification of inferences, ontological versus epistemic modal qualifiers, ontological versus epistemic probability, and ontological versus conditional probability.
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  12. Exploring the Process of Ethical Leadership: The Mediating Role of Employee Voice and Psychological Ownership. [REVIEW]James B. Avey, Tara S. Wernsing & Michael E. Palanski - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (1):21-34.
    The study of ethical leadership has emerged as an important topic for understanding the effects of leadership in organizations. In a study with 845 working adults across multiple organizations, the relationships between ethical leadership with positive employee outcomes were examined. Results suggest that ethical leadership is related to both psychological well-being and job satisfaction in employees, but the processes are different. Employee voice mediated the relationship between ethical leadership and psychological well-being. Feelings of psychological ownership mediated the relationship between ethical (...)
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  13.  50
    Paul B. Thompson: The Ethics of Intensification: Agricultural Development and Cultural Change : Springer, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4040-8721-9, E-ISBN 978-1-4020-8722-6, 231 Pages Including in Bibliography and Index.James B. Gerrie - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):611-614.
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  14.  72
    When Leadership Goes Unnoticed: The Moderating Role of Follower Self-Esteem on the Relationship Between Ethical Leadership and Follower Behavior. [REVIEW]James B. Avey, Michael E. Palanski & Fred O. Walumbwa - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):573 - 582.
    The authors examined the effects of ethical leadership on follower organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and deviant behavior. Drawing upon research related to the behavioral plasticity hypothesis, the authors examined a moderating role of follower self-esteem in these relationships. Results from a field study revealed that ethical leadership is positively related to follower OCB and negatively related to deviance. We found that these relationships are moderated by followers' self-esteem, such that the relationships between ethical leadership and OCB as well as between (...)
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  15. Philosophical Meditations on Richard Wright.James B. Haile (ed.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book is affords us the opportunity to rediscover Richard Wright and reexamine his work and its continuing significance in light of our contemporary situation. Moreover, the collection allows us to analyze Wright’s relationship and contribution to the discipline of philosophy, both challenging and enriching its traditional ideas and concepts.
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  16. James Gouinlock, Rediscovering the Moral Life: Philosophy and Human Practice Reviewed By.James B. Sauer - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (4):259-261.
  17.  38
    Systematizing Toulmin’s Warrants: An Epistemic Approach.James B. Freeman - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (3):331-346.
    Relevance of premises to conclusion can be explicated through Toulmin’s notion of warrant, understood as an inference rule, albeit not necessarily formal. A normative notion of relevance requires the warrant to be reliable. To determine reliability, we propose a fourfold classification of warrants into a priori, empirical, institutional, and evaluative, with further subdivisions possible. This classification has its ancestry in classical rhetoric and recent epistemology. Distinctive to each type of warrant is the mode by which such connections are intuitively discovered (...)
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  18.  24
    Relevance, Warrants, Backing, Inductive Support.James B. Freeman - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):219-275.
    We perceive relevance by virtue of inference habits, which may be expressed as Pierce's leading principles or as Toulmin's warrants. Hence relevance in a descriptive sense is a ternary relation between two statements and a set of inference rules. For a normative sense, the warrants must be properly backed. Different types of warrant to empirical generalizations, we introduce L.J. Cohen's notion of inductive support. A to empirical generalizations, we introduce L.J. Cohen's notion of inductive support. A generalization H is supported (...)
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  19.  37
    The Influence of Deontological and Teleological Considerations and Ethical Climate on Sales Managers' Intentions to Reward or Punish Sales Force Behavior.James B. DeConinck & William F. Lewis - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (5):497-506.
    This study examined how sales managers react to ethical and unethical acts by their salespeople. Deontological considerations and, to a much lesser extent, teleological considerations predicted sales managers' ethical judgments. Sales managers' intentions to reward or discipline ethical or unethical sales force behavior were primarily determined by their ethical judgments. An organization's perceived ethical work climate was not a significant predictor of sales managers' intentions to intervene when ethical and unethical sales force behavior was encountered.
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  20. W.E.B. Du Bois on Race and Culture Philosophy, Politics, and Poetics.Bernard W. Bell, Emily Grosholz & James B. Stewart - 1996
  21.  23
    Epistemic Virtue, Prospective Parents and Disability Abortion.James B. Gould - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (3):389-404.
    Research shows that a high majority of parents receiving prenatal diagnosis of intellectual disability terminate pregnancy. They have reasons for rejecting a child with intellectual disabilities—these reasons are, most commonly, beliefs about quality of life for it or them. Without a negative evaluation of intellectual disability, their choice makes no sense. Disability-based abortion has been critiqued through virtue ethics for being inconsistent with admirable moral character. Parental selectivity conflicts with the virtue of acceptingness and exhibits the vice of wilfulness. In (...)
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  22.  66
    Govier’s Distinguishing A Priori From Inductive Arguments by Analogy: Implications for a General Theory of Ground Adequacy.James B. Freeman - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (2):175-194.
    In a priori analogies, the analogue is constructed in imagination, sharing certain properties with the primary subject. The analogue has some further property clearly consequent on those shared properties. Ceteris paribus the primary subject has that property also. The warrant involves non-empirical, e.g., moral intuition but is also defeasible. The argument is thus neither deductive nor inductive, but an additional type. In an inductive analogy, the analogues back the warrant from below. Distinguishing these two types of arguments by analogy gives (...)
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  23.  8
    Theorizing Affordances: From Request to Refuse.James B. Chouinard & Jenny L. Davis - 2016 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 36 (4):241-248.
    As a concept, affordance is integral to scholarly analysis across multiple fields—including media studies, science and technology studies, communication studies, ecological psychology, and design studies among others. Critics, however, rightly point to the following shortcomings: definitional confusion, a false binary in which artifacts either afford or do not, and failure to account for diverse subject-artifact relations. Addressing these critiques, this article demarcates the mechanisms of affordance—as artifacts request, demand, allow, encourage, discourage, and refuse—which take shape through interrelated conditions: perception, dexterity, (...)
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  24.  37
    The Quasiclassical Realms of This Quantum Universe.James B. Hartle - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (6):982-1006.
    The most striking observable feature of our indeterministic quantum universe is the wide range of time, place, and scale on which the deterministic laws of classical physics hold to an excellent approximation. This essay describes how this domain of classical predictability of every day experience emerges from a quantum theory of the universe’s state and dynamics.
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  25.  42
    The Influence of Abusive Supervision and Job Embeddedness on Citizenship and Deviance.James B. Avey, Keke Wu & Erica Holley - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (3):721-731.
    This paper draws from the turnover and emotions literatures to explore how job embeddedness, in the context of abusive supervision, can impact job frustration, citizenship withdrawal, and employee deviance. Results indicate that employees with abusive supervisors were more likely to be frustrated with their jobs and engage in more deviance behaviors. And yet, the relationship between abusive supervision and job frustration was moderated by job embeddedness such that the relationship was weaker and negative for those higher in job embeddedness and (...)
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  26.  21
    What Types of Arguments Are There?James B. Freeman - unknown
    Our typology is based on two ground adequacy factors, one logical and one epistemic. Logically, the step from premises to conclusion may be conclusive or only ceteris paribus. Epistemically, warrants may be backed a priori or a posteriori. Hence there are four types of arguments: conclusive a priori, defeasible a priori, defeasible a posteriori, and prima facie conclusive a posteriori. We shall give an example of each and compare our scheme with other typologies.
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  27.  40
    Argument Structure and Disciplinary Perspective.James B. Freeman - 2001 - Argumentation 15 (4):397-423.
    Many in the informal logic tradition distinguish convergent from linked argument structure. The pragma-dialectical tradition distinguishes multiple from co-ordinatively compound argumentation. Although these two distinctions may appear to coincide, constituting only a terminological difference, we argue that they are distinct, indeed expressing different disciplinary perspectives on argumentation. From a logical point of view, where the primary evaluative issue concerns sufficient strength of support, the unit of analysis is the individual argument, the particular premises put forward to support a given conclusion. (...)
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  28.  67
    James B. Ashbrook and His Holistic World: Toward a "Unified Field Theory" of Mind, Brain, Self, World, and God.Carol Rausch Albright - 2010 - Zygon 45 (2):479-489.
    James B. Ashbrook's "new natural theology in an empirical mode" pursued an integrated understanding of the spiritual, psychological, and neurological dimensions of spiritual life. Knowledge of neuroscience and personality theory was central to his quest, and his understandings were necessarily revised and amplified as scientific findings emerged. As a result, Ashbrook's legacy may serve as a case example of how to do religion-and-science in a milieu of scientific change. The constant in the quest was Ashbrook's core belief in the (...)
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  29.  11
    Six to Four Against: James Bond and the Hope for a Meaningful Life.James B. South - unknown
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  30.  28
    What Types of Statements Are There?James B. Freeman - 2000 - Argumentation 14 (2):135-157.
    Building on the work of Sproule, Fahnestock and Secor, and Kruger, we present a specific typology of statements. In particular, we distinguish broadly logically determinate statements, descriptions, interpretations, and evaluations. We generate this typology through a series of dichotomous divisions of statements. We divide statements first into the broadly logically determinate versus contingent, the contingent into the evaluational versus natural, and the natural into the extensional versus intensional. We show that the rationales for these distinctions are well motivated and philosophically (...)
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  31.  58
    The Influence of James B. Conant on Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions.K. Brad Wray - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):1-23.
    I examine the influence of James B. Conant on the writing of Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions. By clarifying Conant’s influence on Kuhn, I also clarify the influence that others had on Kuhn’s thinking. And by identifying the various influences that Conant had on Kuhn’s view of science, I identify Kuhn’s most original contributions in Structure. On the one hand, I argue that much of the framework and many of the concepts that figure in Structure were part of Conant’s (...)
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  32.  8
    Covid 19, Disability, and the Ethics of Distributing Scarce Resources.James B. Gould - 2020 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 26 (1):38-68.
    The Covid-19 pandemic provides a real-world context for evaluating the fairness of disability-based rationing of scarce medical resources. I discuss three situations clinicians may face: rationing based on disability itself; rationing based on inevitable disability-related comorbidities; and rationing based on preventable disability-related comorbidities. I defend three conclusions. First, in a just distribution, extraneous factors do not influence a person’s share. This rules out rationing based on disability alone, where no comorbidities decrease a person’s capacity to benefit from treatment. Second, in (...)
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  33.  27
    : The United States Presidents and Their Wills. Herbert R. Collins, David B. Weaver. ; Facts About the Presidents. Joseph Nathan Kane.James B. Lewis - 1992 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 4 (1):69-83.
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  34.  3
    Book Review: Human Life in the Balance, by David C. Thomasma. Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville, 1990. 226 Pp. $14.95 (Paper). ISBN 0-664-25059-9; Matters of Life and Death, by John B. Cobb, Jr. Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville, 1991. 122 Pp. $9.95 (Paper). ISBN 0-664-25169-2. [REVIEW]James B. Tubbs - 1992 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 46 (4):426-426.
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  35.  9
    Culpable Ignorance, Professional Counselling, and Selective Abortion of Intellectual Disability.James B. Gould - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (3):369-381.
    In this paper I argue that selective abortion for disability often involves inadequate counselling on the part of reproductive medicine professionals who advise prospective parents. I claim that prenatal disability clinicians often fail in intellectual duty—they are culpably ignorant about intellectual disability. First, I explain why a standard motivation for selective abortion is flawed. Second, I summarize recent research on parent experience with prenatal professionals. Third, I outline the notions of epistemic excellence and deficiency. Fourth, I defend culpable ignorance as (...)
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  36.  23
    Logical Form, Probability Interpretations, and the Inductive/Deductive Distinction.James B. Freeman - 1983 - Informal Logic 5 (2).
    Logical Form, Probability Interpretations, and the Inductive/Deductive Distinction.
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  37. BS∗: An Admissible Bidirectional Staged Heuristic Search Algorithm.James B. H. Kwa - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 38 (1):95-109.
  38.  2
    Evolution, Animal 'Rights' & the Environment.James B. Reichmann - 2000 - Catholic University of Amer Press.
    Reichmann investigates the metaethical ground of 'rights' theory, with special focus on the controversial issue of whether creatures other than humans can and should be considered true subjects of 'rights'.
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  39.  99
    Neurotheology: The Working Brain and the Work of Theology.James B. Ashbrook - 1984 - Zygon 19 (3):331-350.
  40.  61
    Computability and Physical Theories.Robert Geroch & James B. Hartle - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (6):533-550.
    The familiar theories of physics have the feature that the application of the theory to make predictions in specific circumstances can be done by means of an algorithm. We propose a more precise formulation of this feature—one based on the issue of whether or not the physically measurable numbers predicted by the theory are computable in the mathematical sense. Applying this formulation to one approach to a quantum theory of gravity, there are found indications that there may exist no such (...)
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  41.  18
    Book Review of Plato in the Italian Renaissance, by James Hankins. [REVIEW]James B. South - unknown
  42.  34
    An Early Tibetan Commentary on Atiśa’s Satyadvayāvatāra. [REVIEW]James B. Apple - 2013 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 41 (3):263-329.
    Dīpaṃkaraśrījñāna (982–1054 c.e.), more commonly known under his honorific title of Atiśa, is a renowned figure in Tibetan Buddhist cultural memory. He is famous for coming to Tibet and revitalizing Buddhism there during the early eleventh century. Of the many works that Atiśa composed, translated, and brought to Tibet one of the most well-known was his “Entry to the Two Realities” (Satyadvayāvatāra). Recent scholarship has provided translations and Tibetan editions of this work, including Lindtner’s English translation (1981) and Ejima’s Japanese (...)
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  43.  39
    Argument Strength, the Toulmin Model, and Ampliative Probability.James B. Freeman - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (1):25-40.
    We argue that Cohen’s concept of inductive or ampliative probability facilitates proper explication of sufficient strength for non-demonstrative arguments conforming to the Toulmin model. The data and claims of such arguments are singular statements. We may epistemically classify the warrants of such arguments as empirical (either physical or personal), institutional, or evaluative. Backing evidence and rebutting considerations vary with the epistemic type of warrant, but in each case the notion of ampliative probability for arguments with warrants of that type can (...)
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  44.  5
    Dialectical Situations and Argument Analysis.James B. Freeman - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
  45.  64
    The Place of Informal Logic in Philosophy.James B. Freeman - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    We argue that informal logic is epistemological. Two central questions concern premise acceptability and connection adequacy. Both may be explicated in tenns of justification, a central epistemological concept. That some premises are basic parallels a foundationalist account of basic beliefs and epistemic support. Some epistemological accounts of these concepts may advance the analysis of premise acceptability and connection adequacy. Infonnallogic has implications for other aspects of philosophy. If causal interpretations are acceptable premises and thus justified, does the world have a (...)
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  46.  12
    Walton`s Plausible Argument in Everyday Conversation.James B. Freeman - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (2).
  47.  4
    Using Lesson Study to Develop a Shared Professional Teaching Knowledge Culture Among 4th Grade Social Studies Teachers.James B. Howell & John W. Saye - 2016 - Journal of Social Studies Research 40 (1):25-37.
  48. The Problem with Social Problems.James B. Rule - 1971 - Politics and Society 2 (1):47-56.
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  49.  64
    The Virtual Body: Merleau-Ponty’s Early Philosophy Of Imagination.James B. Steeves - 2001 - Philosophy Today 45 (4):370-380.
  50.  1
    Embodiment an Approach to Sexuality and Christian Theology.James B. Nelson - 1978 - Fortress Press.
    Few would doubt that this is a time of transition in our understanding of human sexuality. The confusion about sexual morals and mores is the more obvious evidence of this. But there is something else. For too long the bulk of Christian reflection about sexuality has asked an essentially one-directional question: what does Christian faith have to say about our lives as sexual beings?
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