38 found
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  1.  74
    Notes Towards A Definition of Politics.James Alexander - 2014 - Philosophy 89 (2):273-300.
    Politics has been defined in different and contradictory ways in the last century or so. If politics is to be a single subject of study then contradictory theories should be capable of being related together. In this article I argue that they can be related in terms of what I call the Aristotelian criterion. The article is in four parts. Firstly, I discuss the problem of defining politics; secondly, I introduce the criterion; thirdly, I consider five modern theories of politics (...)
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  2.  27
    Radical, Sceptical and Liberal Enlightenment.James Alexander - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (2):257-283.
    We still ask the question ‘What is Enlightenment?’ Every generation seems to offer new and contradictory answers to the question. In the last thirty or so years, the most interesting characterisations of Enlightenment have been by historians. They have told us that there is one Enlightenment, that there are two Enlightenments, that there are many Enlightenments. This has thrown up a second question, ‘How Many Enlightenments?’ In the spirit of collaboration and criticism, I answer both questions by arguing in this (...)
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  3.  80
    A genealogy of political theory: a polemic.James Alexander - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (3):402-423.
    Here is a sketch of a genealogy of political theory for the last century. This is a genealogy in Nietzsche’s sense: therefore, neither unhistorical taxonomy, nor a history of political theory as it is written by historians, but a typology in time. Four types of modern political theory are distinguished. These are called, with some justification, positive, normative, third way and sceptical political theory. Seen from the vantage of the twenty-first century, they form an instructive sequence, emerging as a series (...)
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  4. Three Rival Views of Tradition (Arendt, Oakeshott and MacIntyre).James Alexander - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (1):20-43.
    If we define tradition too hastily we leave to one side the question of what the relevance of tradition is for us. Here the concept of tradition is opened up by considering the different views of it taken by Hannah Arendt, Michael Oakeshott and Alasdair MacIntyre. We see that each has put tradition into a fully developed picture of what our predicament is in modernity; and that each has differed in their assessment of what our relation to tradition is or (...)
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  5.  56
    A Dialectical Definition of Conservatism.James Alexander - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (2):215-232.
    Conservatism is now often said to be a disposition. Against definitions of conservatism as a disposition, critics say that it is also an ideology, and against any such abstract definitions, that it is a historical entity. But no one has yet indicated how these criticisms can be used to improve the definition of conservatism. Here I argue that the dispositional understanding of conservatism, while not wrong in itself, is only the first and simplest element in what has to be an (...)
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  6.  61
    A Systematic Theory of Tradition.James Alexander - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (1):1-28.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 1 - 28 We still lack a systematic or complete theory of tradition. By referring to the works of many major figures of the last century – Arendt, Boyer, Eisenstadt, Eliot, Gadamer, Goody, Hobsbawm, Kermode, Leavis, MacIntyre, Oakeshott, Pieper, Pocock, Popper, Prickett, Shils and others – I show that a theory of tradition must include insights taken not only from the study of sociology and anthropology, but also from the study of literature and (...)
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  7.  64
    The Four Points of the Compass.James Alexander - 2012 - Philosophy 87 (1):79-107.
    Philosophy has four forms: wonder, faith, doubt and scepticism. These are not separate categories, but separate ideal possibilities. Modern academic philosophy has fallen, for several centuries, into an error: which is the error of supposing that philosophy is only what I call doubt. Philosophy may be doubt: indeed, it is part of my argument that this is undeniably one element of, or one possibility in, philosophy; but doubt is only one of four points of the compass. In this essay I (...)
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  8.  57
    The Fundamental Contradiction of Modern Cosmopolitanism.James Alexander - 2016 - The European Legacy 21 (2):168-183.
    This article is a study of that eminently European contribution to world politics: the idea of cosmopolitanism. The argument is that modern cosmopolitanism depends on two postulates which are contradictory. Cosmopolitans have always claimed, “There are two cities, one higher and one lower.” Modern cosmopolitans, however, claim, without abandoning the first postulate, “There is only one city.” In this article I ask four questions which enable the contradiction between these to be illustrated. These are: Is the cosmopolis the higher of (...)
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  9.  31
    The relevance of the eighteenth century to modern political theory.James Alexander - 2024 - European Journal of Political Theory 23 (2):288-296.
    The eighteenth century is still the bottleneck of the history of political theory: the century that separates pre-economic theorists such as Machiavelli, Bodin and Hobbes from post-economic theorists such as Hegel, Mill and Marx. Political thinking became immeasurably much more complicated in the eighteenth century: and yet historians, after at least half a century of extremely judicious scholarship, still have difficulty explaining its significance for contemporary theory. Sagar's Adam Smith Reconsidered is an important contribution to the attempt to clarify just (...)
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  10.  25
    Confronting Leviathan: A History of Ideas by David Runciman (London: Profile Books).James Alexander - 2022 - Philosophy 97 (4):557-560.
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  11.  2
    A Refutation of Snails by Roast Beef.James Alexander - 2015 - Philosophy Now 107:18-19.
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  12.  34
    Blending in mathematics.James C. Alexander - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (187):1-48.
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  13.  10
    Empire as a Subject for Philosophy.James Alexander - 2019 - Philosophy 94 (2):243-270.
    In order to consider the question of whether empire is a subject for philosophy, I do three things. I sketch an original typology of three types of state, which I call polis, imperium and cosmopolis, in order to show that the second is an important philosophical conception which lies behind the terminology of empire and imperialism. I also consider modern theories of empire and imperialism in order to indicate some of their limitations as theories. And finally I indicate that it (...)
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  14.  7
    Knowledge, Power, and Academic Freedom: Reflections on the Challenges of Academic Freedom: by Joan Wallach Scott, New York, Columbia University Press, 2019, 192 pp., $28.00/£22.00.James Alexander - 2021 - The European Legacy 26 (7-8):822-825.
    This book is part of that American phenomenon whereby senior or emeritus scholars turn away from their speciality to write something about the institutions they have lived in all their lives, the u...
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  15.  9
    Los godos en De correptione donatistarum (Ep. 185).James S. Alexander & José Anoz - 1999 - Augustinus 44 (172-75):29-34.
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  16.  39
    Oakeshott on Hegel's 'injudicious' use of the word 'state'.James Alexander - 2011 - History of Political Thought 32 (1):147-176.
    This article attempts to make sense of Oakeshott's enigmatic comment in 'On Human Conduct' that it was perhaps injudicious of Hegel to use the word state in the Philosophy of Right for his conception of a bounded association. But the article does not confine itself to making sense of Oakeshott's meaning: it compares Oakeshott's conception of societas to Hegel's conception of der Staat, Oakeshott's conception of philosophy as an unconditional consideration of conditional objects with Hegel's conception of philosophy as a (...)
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  17.  32
    Reaction in Politics.James Alexander - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (1):3-26.
    Reaction is a subject usually avoided by political theorists, since it raises awkward historical, philosophical and political questions. Perhaps philosophers of history might make better sense of it. In this article I claim that reaction has to be understood in relation to the concepts of revolution, tradition, progress and conservatism. I argue that the specific meaning of reaction is a response to the specific action that establishes the principle that order should be established only on enlightened principles. The few theorists (...)
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  18. Should a Christian Bear Arms?James Alexander - 2004 - Quodlibet 6.
     
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  19. Toward an Arminian Universalist Theology.James Alexander - 2003 - Quodlibet 5.
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  20.  7
    The Alleged Palatinates of Norman England.James Alexander - 1980 - Speculum 55 (4):717-727.
    The historiography of Norman and early Angevin palatine lordships, like that of Magna Carta, was determined in the seventeenth century. The origin of the English palatinates is still customarily referred to the reign of William the Conqueror, as it was by the early writers, despite a good deal of later scholarship that argues against an Anglo-Saxon or Anglo-Norman origin of these great liberties.
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  21.  24
    Three Ideas of the University.James Alexander - 2019 - The European Legacy 24 (5):492-510.
    ABSTRACTWhat is a university? In the nineteenth century John Henry Newman famously spoke of “the idea of a university.” This phrase has dominated all discussions of the nature of the university sin...
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  22.  49
    The Philosophy of Political History in Oakeshott and Collingwood.James Alexander - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 Every political philosopher has a philosophy of political history, if sometimes not a very good one. Oakeshott and Collingwood are two twentieth century political philosophers who were particularly concerned with the significance of history for political philosophy; and who both, in the 1940s, sketched what I call philosophies of political history: that is, systematic schemes which could make sense of the entire history of political philosophy. In this article I observe that Oakeshott depended for the (...)
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  23.  36
    The Philosophy of Political History in Oakeshott and Collingwood.James Alexander - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):279-303.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 Every political philosopher has a philosophy of political history, if sometimes not a very good one. Oakeshott and Collingwood are two twentieth century political philosophers who were particularly concerned with the significance of history for political philosophy; and who both, in the 1940s, sketched what I call philosophies of political history: that is, systematic schemes which could make sense of the entire history of political philosophy. In this article I observe that Oakeshott depended for the (...)
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  24.  2
    The Problem of a Pure Theory of Poetry.James Alexander - 2021 - In Eric S. Kos (ed.), Oakeshott’s Skepticism, Politics, and Aesthetics. Springer Verlag. pp. 175-195.
    Oakeshott’s theory of poetry was a pure theory. But it was so pure a theory it emptied out most of what we would normally mean by poetry, it ignored the history of poetry in extracting a meaning out of it, and it left to one side most of the questions about poetry which are of interest to poets, critics or indeed anyone. This chapter places Oakeshott’s theory of poetry in the context of theories of poetry from Aristotle through Johnson, Wordsworth (...)
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  25.  7
    The soul and its bearings.James B. Alexander - 1909 - Minneapolis, Minn.: [Press of Pioneer printing co.].
    This Is A New Release Of The Original 1909 Edition.
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  26.  4
    The State Is the Attempt to Strip Metaphor Out of Politics.James Alexander - 2019 - In Eric S. Kos (ed.), Michael Oakeshott on Authority, Governance, and the State. Springer Verlag.
    This chapter considers the two major ways Oakeshott attempted to make sense of the state, first, in the 1920s and 1930s, as “the whole of moral and social experience”, and second, from the 1950s onwards, as one particular political idea, which was ambiguous and so had to be theorised in terms of a contradiction, or, as he put it in 1975, “an unresolved tension between the two irreconcilable dispositions represented by the words societas and universitas”. In this chapter, both of (...)
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  27.  7
    Una cita de Terencio en el De correctione donatistarum.James S. Alexander & J. Oroz Reta - 1995 - Augustinus 40 (156-159):7-11.
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  28.  24
    What Are Universities For? By Stefan Collini: Pp 216+ viii. London: Penguin. 2012.£ 9.99 (pbk). ISBN 978-1-846-14482-0.James Alexander - 2012 - British Journal of Educational Studies 60 (4):450-451.
  29.  18
    Who was the first philosopher? Or, how many philosophers does it take?James Alexander - 2017 - Think 16 (46):51-57.
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  30.  30
    Family therapy process and outcome research: Relationship to treatment ethics.Carol A. Wilson, James F. Alexander & Charles W. Turner - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (4):345 – 352.
    We know from the research literature that psychotherapy is effective, but we also know that hundreds of diverse therapies are being practiced that have not been subjected to scientific scrutiny; thus, in some circumstances iatrogenic effects do occur. Therefore, it is crucial that we recognize and implement therapeutic interventions that are evidence based rather than succumb to ethical dilemma, frustration, and complacency. Recommendations for family therapists are discussed, including the need to (a) keep abreast of research findings, (b) translate research (...)
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  31.  8
    Art, Science, and the Politics of Knowledge Art, Science, and the Politics of Knowledge, by Hannah Star Rogers, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2022, 328 pp., $50.00 (paper). [REVIEW]James Alexander - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-2.
    There is a bookshop in Cambridge, England, which only sells books published by the Cambridge University Press. It is a common experience for browsers to pull a book off the shelf, attracted by the...
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  32.  8
    The Real World of College: What Higher Education Is and What It Can Be The Real World of College: What Higher Education Is and What It Can Be, by Wendy Fischman and Howard Gardner, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2022, 408 pp., $34.95 (paper). [REVIEW]James Alexander - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-2.
    This book is a long-term consequence of Nelson Goodman’s 1960s ‘Project Zero’ to study the state of higher education in the United States. It is traditional in one respect, and contemporary in anot...
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  33.  15
    Changing the Subject: Philosophy from Socrates to Adorno By Raymond Geuss Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press , pp. 334 + xxiii, £21.95 ISBN: 9780674545724. [REVIEW]James Alexander - forthcoming - Philosophy:1-6.
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  34.  1
    Origins of English Feudalism. [REVIEW]James Alexander - 1976 - Speculum 51 (1):112-113.
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  35.  23
    On What Matters. [REVIEW]James Alexander - 2011 - Philosophy Now 87:42-43.
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  36.  28
    Robert Somerville, Scotia pontificia: Papal Letters to Scotland before the Pontificate of Innocent III. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. Pp. xiii, 177; black-and-white facsimile frontispiece. $59. [REVIEW]James W. Alexander - 1983 - Speculum 58 (4):1135.
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  37. Shirley Ann Brown, with a contribution by Michael W. Herren, The Bayeux Tapestry: History and Bibliography. Woodbridge, Suffolk; and Wolfeboro, NH: Boydell Press, 1988. Pp. xi, 186. $67. [REVIEW]James W. Alexander - 1991 - Speculum 66 (2):387-387.
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  38.  2
    The Bayeux Tapestry: History and Bibliography. [REVIEW]James Alexander - 1991 - Speculum 66 (2):387-387.
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