Results for 'Jacques Montplaisir'

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  1.  93
    The prevalence of typical dream themes challenges the specificity of the threat simulation theory.Anne Germain, Tore A. Nielsen, Antonio Zadra & Jacques Montplaisir - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):940-941.
    The evolutionary theory of threat simulation during dreaming indicates that themes appropriate to ancestral survival concerns (threats) should be disproportionately represented in dreams. Our studies of typical dream themes in students and sleep-disordered patients indicate that threatening dreams involving chase and pursuit are indeed among the three most prevalent themes, thus supporting Revonsuo's theory. However, many of the most prevalent themes are of positive, not negative, events (e.g., sex, flying) and of current, not ancestral, threat scenarios (e.g., schoolwork). Moreover, many (...)
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  2.  70
    The Social Contract.Jean-Jacques Rousseau - unknown - Harmondsworth,: Barnes & Noble.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas about society, culture, and government are pivotal in the history of political thought. His works are as controversial as they are relevant today. This volume brings together three of Rousseau's most important political writings -- The Social Contract and The First Discourse (Discourse on the Sciences and Arts) and The Second Discourse (Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality) -- and presents essays by major scholars that shed light on the dimensions and implications of these (...)
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  3.  30
    Life Death.Jacques Derrida - 2020 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Pascale-Anne Brault, Peggy Kamuf & Michael Naas.
    One of Jacques Derrida’s richest and most provocative works, Life Death challenges and deconstructs one of the most deeply rooted dichotomies of Western thought: life and death. Here Derrida rethinks the traditional philosophical understanding of the relationship between life and death, undertaking multidisciplinary analyses of a range of topics, including philosophy, linguistics, and the life sciences. In seeking to understand the relationship between life and death, he engages in close readings of Freudian psychoanalysis, the philosophy of Nietzsche and Heidegger, (...)
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  4.  14
    Negotiations: Interventions and Interviews, 1971-2001.Jacques Derrida & Elizabeth Rottenberg - 2002 - Stanford University Press.
    This collection of essays and interviews, some previously unpublished and almost all of which appear in English for the first time, encompasses the political and ethical thinking of Jacques Derrida over thirty years. Passionate, rigorous, beautifully argued, wide-ranging, the texts shed an entirely new light on his work and will be welcomed by scholars in many disciplines--politics, philosophy, history, cultural studies, literature, and a range of interdisciplinary programs. Derrida's arguments vary in their responsiveness to given political questions--sometimes they are (...)
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  5.  49
    QBism and Relational Quantum Mechanics compared.Jacques Pienaar - 2021 - Foundations of Physics 51 (5):1-18.
    The subjective Bayesian interpretation of quantum mechanics and Rovelli’s relational interpretation of quantum mechanics are both notable for embracing the radical idea that measurement outcomes correspond to events whose occurrence is relative to an observer. Here we provide a detailed study of their similarities and especially their differences.
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  6. Certainty and Assertion.Jacques-Henri Vollet - 2022 - Dialectica 999 (1).
    It is widely held that assertions are partially governed by an epistemic norm. But what is the epistemic condition set out in the norm? Is it knowledge, truth, belief, or something else? In this paper, I defend a view similar to that of Stanley (2008), according to which the relevant epistemic condition is epistemic certainty, where epistemic certainty (but not knowledge) is context-sensitive. I start by distinguishing epistemic certainty, subjective certainty, and knowledge. Then, I explain why it's much more plausible (...)
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  7.  39
    Distinguish to unite, or, The degrees of knowledge.Jacques Maritain - 1995 - Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press. Edited by Gerald B. Phelan.
    Distinguer pour unir, ou Les degres du savoir was first published in 1932 by Jacques Maritain. In this new translation of The Degrees of Knowledge, Ralph McInerny attempts a more careful expression of Maritain's original masterpiece than previous translations. Maritain proposes a hierarchy of the forms of knowledge by discussing the degrees of rational and suprarational understanding. Nine appendices, some longer than the chapters of the book, advance Maritain's thought, often by taking on criticism of earlier editions of the (...)
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  8.  12
    Comment on “The Notion of Locality in Relational Quantum Mechanics”.Jacques Pienaar - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (12):1404-1414.
    A recent paper has given a lucid treatment of Bell’s notion of local causality within the framework of the relational interpretation of quantum mechanics. However, the authors went on to conclude that the quantum violation of Bell’s notion of local causality is no more surprising than a common cause. Here, I argue that this conclusion is unwarranted by the authors’ own analysis. On the contrary, within the framework outlined by the authors, I argue that far from saving the notion of (...)
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  9. Hippocrate.Jacques Jouanna & Antonio Garzya - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (1):155.
  10.  20
    Antiluminosity, Excuses and the Sufficiency of Knowledge for Rational Action.Jacques-Henri Vollet - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-22.
    According to a widely discussed view, knowledge plays a significant normative role in action: It is epistemically rational to treat p as your reason for action if and only if you know that p. As many philosophers have observed, however, this view clashes with the claim that knowledge is moderate and stable. For, granting that claim, there will be high stakes cases in which knowledge seems insufficient. To deal with such cases, some philosophers embracing the knowledge norm combine three independently (...)
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  11.  36
    Du Contrat Social.Jean-Jacques Rousseau & Bruno Bernardi - 1896 - Paris: le Livre de poche. Edited by Bertrand de Jouvenel.
  12. Introducing disagreement.Jacques Rancière - 2004 - Angelaki 9 (3):3 – 9.
  13.  99
    Free choiceness and non-individuation.Jacques Jayez & Lucia M. Tovena - 2005 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (1):1 - 71.
    . Fresh evidence from Free Choice Items (FCIs) in French question the current perception of the class. The role of some standard distinctions found in the literature is weakened or put in a new perspective. The distinction between universal and existential is no longer an intrinsic property of FCIs. Similarly, the opposition between variation-based vs intension-based analyses is relativized. We show that the regime of free choiceness can be characterized by an abstract constraint, that we call Non-Individuation (NI), and which (...)
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  14.  83
    From Politics to Aesthetics?Jacques Rancière - 2005 - Paragraph 28 (1):13-25.
  15.  19
    You always have a reason to check! A new take on the bank cases.Jacques-Henri Vollet - 2022 - Philosophia 51 (2):1007-1018.
    The traditional view in epistemology has it that knowledge is insensitive to the practical stakes. More recently, some philosophers have argued that knowledge is sufficient for rational action: if you know p, then p is a reason you have (epistemically speaking). Many epistemologists contend that these two claims stand in tension with one another. In support of this, they ask us to start with a low stakes case where, intuitively, a subject knows that p and appropriately acts on p. Then, (...)
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  16.  76
    Aesthetics against incarnation: An interview by Anne Marie Oliver.Jacques Rancière - 2008 - Critical Inquiry 35 (1):172-190.
  17.  66
    Comment and Responses.Jacques Ranciere - 2003 - Theory and Event 6 (4).
  18. Democracy, Republic, Representation.Jacques Rancière - 2006 - Constellations 13 (3):297-307.
  19.  33
    Bergsonian philosophy and Thomism.Jacques Maritain - 1955 - New York,: Greenwood Press.
    This critique of Henri Bergson is Jacques Maritain's first book. In it he shows he has a grasp of the thought of St Thomas Aquinas and an ability to show its relevance to other systems such as that of Bergson. This text presents Jacques Maritain's as a philosopher, a Thomist and a critic.
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  20.  98
    Auerbach and the Contradictions of Realism.Jacques Rancière - 2018 - Critical Inquiry 44 (2):227-241.
  21.  42
    II.“Relatively Blunt” Critical Response.Jacques Rancière, Marie‐José Mondzain, Wendy Grace, Robert Morris, Mark Seltzer, Franco Moretti & Katie Trumpener - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 36 (1):134-158.
  22.  16
    Christianity and Democracy.Jacques Maritain - 2009 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 21 (1-2):143-152.
    In this engaging APSA address, Jacques Maritain outlines the essential relationship between Christianity and democracy. In Maritain's view, it is the Gospel or the Christian leaven which has awakened the secular, temporal consciousness to supreme moral principles and the real content of democracy understood as the earthly pursuit of Gospel truths conceming the transcendent origins and destiny of man and society. Christianity teaches the inalienable dignity of every human being fashioned in the image of God, the inviolability of conscience, (...)
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  23.  4
    De la notion d'incestuel à celle d'interdit primaire de différenciation.Jacques Robion - 2003 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 161 (3):65.
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  24. Henry More’s “Spirit of Nature” and Newton’s Aether.Jacques Joseph - 2016 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 38 (3):337-358.
    The paper presents the notion of “Spirit of Nature” in Henry More and describes its position within More’s philosophical system. Through a thorough analysis, it tries to show in what respects it can be considered a scientific object and in what respects it cannot. In the second part of this paper, More’s “Spirit of Nature” is compared to Newton’s various attempts at presenting a metaphysical cause of the force of gravity, using the similarities between the two to see this notorious (...)
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  25.  17
    Politics and aesthetics an interview.Jacques Ranci - 2003 - Angelaki 8 (2):191 – 211.
  26. The Warrant Account and the Prominence of 'Know'.Jacques-Henri Vollet - 2018 - Logos and Episteme (4):467-483.
    Many philosophers agree that there is an epistemic norm governing action. However, they disagree on what this norm is. It has been observed that the word ‘know’ is prominent in ordinary epistemic evaluations of actions. Any opponent of the knowledge norm must provide an explanation of this fact. Gerken has recently proposed the most developed explanation. It invokes the hypothesis that, in normal contexts, knowledge-level warrant is frequently necessary and very frequently sufficient (Normal Coincidence), so that knowledge-based assessments would be (...)
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  27.  2
    Le modèle de l'auto-prescription.Jacques Robion - 2003 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 159 (1):42.
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  28.  11
    Mais qu'est-ce qu'ils font ensemble?Jacques Robion - 2014 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 1 (1):97-109.
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  29.  2
    Mais qu'est-ce qu'ils font ensemble?Jacques Robion - 2014 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 1:97-109.
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  30.  31
    Reaction of the organism to stress: The survival attractor concept.Jacques Viret - 1994 - Acta Biotheoretica 42 (2-3):99-109.
    This paper outlines a phenomenological approach for describing physiological reactions occurring immediately after vital threats. This exemplified by data taken from previous studies relative to chemical intoxications of rats by a neurotoxical drug. The survival rate of the animals and the variations of their cerebral acetylcholinesterese activity are both reported as a function of the drug concentration, and with respect to their age. The collecting of the results may be described as the cusp, a bifurcation set of Thom's Catastrophe Theory.The (...)
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  31. La datation des peintures pariétales par le radiocarbone.Jacques Evin - 1996 - Techne 3:98-107.
  32.  24
    The Warrant Account and the Prominence of ‘Know’.Jacques-Henri Vollet - 2018 - Logos and Episteme 9 (4):467-483.
    Many philosophers agree that there is an epistemic norm governing action. However, they disagree on what this norm is. It has been observed that the word ‘know’ is prominent in ordinary epistemic evaluations of actions. Any opponent of the knowledge norm must provide an explanation of this fact. Gerken has recently proposed the most developed explanation. It invokes the hypothesis that, in normal contexts, knowledge-level warrant is frequently necessary and very frequently sufficient (Normal Coincidence), so that knowledge-based assessments would be (...)
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  33.  8
    Artaud the Moma.Jacques Derrida - 2017 - Columbia University Press.
    In 1996 Jacques Derrida gave a lecture at the Museum of Modern Art in New York on the occasion of Antonin Artaud: Works on Paper, one of the first major international exhibitions to present the avant-garde dramatist and poet's paintings and drawings. Derrida's original title, "Artaud the Moma," is a characteristic play on words. It alludes to Artaud's calling himself Mômo, Marseilles slang for "fool," upon his return to Paris in 1946 after nine years in various asylums, while playing (...)
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  34.  12
    An Essay on Christian Philosophy.Jacques Maritain - 1955 - Philosophical Library.
    This original translation, by Edward H. Flannery, brings you one of Maritain s most eye-opening studies of Christianity. Although not his most famous work, Maritain s An Essay on Christian Philosophy provides readers with an in-depth analysis and careful philosophical approach to the study of theology and, at the time of original publication, was considered to be the definitive statement of the Thomistic position. Discover his theses for yourself as Maritain considers the nature of philosophy, morality, and their relations to (...)
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  35.  16
    Humanisme intégral: Problèmes temporels et spirituels d'une nouvelle chrétienté.Jacques Maritain - 2000 - Editions Aubier.
    Paru en 1936, réédité en 1946 puis en 1968, Humanisme intégral est très probablement celui de tous les écrits de Jacques Maritain (1882-1973) qui a connu la plus large audience. Son propos est ambitieux puisque le philosophe entend y traiter des relations entre le christianisme et le monde moderne dans leur ensemble. Fresque historique marquée par la fidélité au thomisme, mais aussi regard lucide sur son époque, l'ouvrage, entre réalisme et utopie, appelle de ses voeux l'avènement d'une nouvelle chrétienté, (...)
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  36.  7
    God, space and the Spirit of Nature: Morean trialism revisited.Jacques Joseph - 2024 - Intellectual History Review 34 (1):165-184.
    In my paper, I dispute Christian Hengstermann’s analysis of More’s philosophical system as a form of panentheistic panpsychism in which matter is alive by virtue of being the last emanation from God. I show that, in his mature period, More explicitly rejected such an emanationist doctrine and attributed the non-mechanical powers of matter to an outside immaterial principle, the Spirit of Nature. Ultimately, this leads to a system in which divine space, the Spirit of Nature and the spirit of God (...)
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  37.  15
    Althusser.Jacques Rancière - 2017 - In Simon Critchley & William R. Schroeder (eds.), A Companion to Continental Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 530–536.
    Althusser's entire theoretical undertaking has one objective and can be summarized in a single paradox. The objective is defined in 1965 in the opening lines of Pour Marx: “the research into Marx's philosophical thought, which is indispensable if we are to emerge from the theoretical impasse that history has left us in” (Althusser 1965, p. 11). The paradox is recalled in his lecture on “La Transformation de la Philosophie”: “Marxist philosophy exists, and yet it was not produced as philosophy” (Althusser (...)
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  38. After what.Jacques Rancière - 1988 - Topoi 7 (2):181--185.
  39. Raison de croire et raison de former des croyances : le purisme de P. Engel.Jacques-Henri Vollet - 2020 - Klēsis Revue Philosophique 45.
    Pascal Engel défend explicitement le purisme (ou l’intellectualisme). Selon la version générale de cette thèse, les facteurs qui déterminent si une croyance est justifiée, ou si elle est une connaissance, ne concernent que la vérité. Ils sont totalement indépendants des désirs ou des préférences du sujet, ainsi que des conséquences pratiques potentielles du fait de posséder ces croyances. Dans son article « Pragmatic Encroachment and Epistemic Value » (2009), P. Engel concède que des facteurs pratiques peuvent déterminer la quantité de (...)
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  40. Terrestrial and Celestial Gods in Mexican Antiquity.Jacques Soustelle & Martin Faigel - 1966 - Diogenes 14 (56):20-50.
  41.  74
    Art, Life, Finality: The Metamorphoses of Beauty.Jacques Rancière - 2017 - Critical Inquiry 43 (3):597-616.
  42. With (and Without) Constraints.Jacques Jouet & Roxanne Lapidus - 2001 - Substance 30 (3):4-16.
  43.  28
    La sémiotique de Greimas : un projet scientifique de long terme.Jacques Fontanille - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (214):91-110.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2017 Heft: 214 Seiten: 91-110.
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  44. Some Observations on the Role of Singularity in the Exact, Mathematical, and Social Sciences.Jacques Hamel - 1993 - Diogenes 41 (161):43-65.
    At first glance singularity would seem to be necessarily opposed to the physical sciences, indeed to any kind of science. As the hallowed saying goes: “Science deals only in universals.” According to this view, the aim of any true scientific endeavor must be the discovery of universals or, in other words, the value of such an endeavor is based on its ability to explain phenomena in terms of universals. The status of singularity in science is a direct result of this (...)
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  45. Christian and Chinese World Views in the Seventeenth Century.Jacques Gernet - 1979 - Diogenes 27 (105):93-115.
    China was the first country beyond Europe with an important civilization to receive scientific theory from the West in the modern era. Neither in India nor in Japan (where the first Western works arrived from China and were quickly banned) nor a fortiori in other missionary countries was there an early acquaintance with European sciences. In China the first handbook of Western geometry was printed in 1607, the first treatise of astronomy in 1614. After 1584 a map of the world, (...)
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  46. The Plural Logics of Progress.Jacques Berque & Mary Burnet - 1972 - Diogenes 20 (79):1-25.
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  47. 19 Introducing LexLog.Jacques Jayez - 1995 - In Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.), Computational lexical semantics. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 399.
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  48. One More Step and You 'll Get Pseudo-Imperatives Right'.Jacques Jayez & Mathilde Dargnat - 2009 - In Arndt Riester & Torgrim Solstad (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 13. pp. 247--260.
  49.  29
    Problems of context and knowledge.Jacques Jayez - 1989 - Argumentation 3 (3):303-319.
    In spite of alleged differences in purpose, descriptive and computational linguistics share many problems, due to the fact that any precise study on language needs some form of knowledge representation. This constraint is mostly apparent when interpretation of sentences takes into account elements of the so-called “context”. The parametrization of context, i.e. the explicit listing of features relevant to some intepretation task, is difficult because it requires flexible formal structures for understanding or simulating inferential behaviour, as well as a large (...)
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  50.  13
    Subtrigging as alternatives through regularities.Jacques Jayez & Lucia Tovena - 2007 - In Dekker Aloni (ed.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Amsterdam Colloquium.
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