Results for 'Jacob Brower'

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  1. Driven to Be Good: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective on the Drivers of Corporate Social Performance. [REVIEW]Jacob Brower & Vijay Mahajan - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):313-331.
    Despite growing evidence of the benefits to a firm of improving corporate social performance (CSP), many firms vary significantly in terms of their CSP activities. This research investigates how the characteristics of the stakeholder landscape influence a firm’s CSP breadth. Using stakeholder theory, we specifically propose that several factors increase the salience and impact of stakeholders’ demands on the firm and that, in response to these factors, a firm’s CSP will have greater breadth. A firm’s CSP breadth is operationalized as (...)
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  2.  12
    Associations Between Employment Changes and Mental Health: US Data From During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Cillian P. McDowell, Matthew P. Herring, Jeni Lansing, Cassandra S. Brower & Jacob D. Meyer - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objectives: To examine associations of changing employment conditions, specifically switching to working from home or job loss, with mental health, using data collected during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: Data from 2,301 US adults in employment prior to COVID-19 were collected April 3rd−7th, 2020. Participants reported whether their employment remained unchanged, they were WFH when they had not been before, or they had lost their job due to the pandemic. Outcomes were symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, loneliness, and positive mental health assessed (...)
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  3. Artificial Intelligence and the Phenomenology of Crisis.Jacob Martin Rump - manuscript
    This is the lightly revised text of my commentary/response to David Carr’s keynote address, “Phenomenology of Crisis,” at the 2024 meeting of the Husserl Circle.
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  4. A Higher-Order Account of the Phenomenology of Particularity.Jacob Berger - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-20.
    Many theorists maintain that perceptual experience exhibits the what is often called the phenomenology of particularity: that in perceptual experience it phenomenally seems that there are particular things. Some urge that this phenomenology demands special accounts of perception on which particulars somehow constitute perceptual experience, including versions of relationalism, on which perception is a relation between perceivers and particular perceived objects, or complex forms of representationalism, on which perception exhibits demonstrative or special particular-involving types of content. I argue here that (...)
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  5.  80
    What Do False-Belief Tests Show?Pierre Jacob - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (1):1-20.
    In a paper published in Psychological Review, Tyler Burge has offered a unified non-mentalistic account of a wide range of social cognitive developmental findings. His proposal is that far from attributing mental states, young children attribute to humans the same kind of internal generic states of sensory registration that biologists attribute to e.g. snails and ticks. Burge’s proposal deserves close attention: it is especially challenging because it departs from both the mentalistic and all the non-mentalistic accounts of the data so (...)
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  6.  12
    Artificial intelligence in medicine and the negative outcome penalty paradox.Jacob M. Appel - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) holds considerable promise for transforming clinical diagnostics. While much has been written both about public attitudes toward the use of AI tools in medicine and about uncertainty regarding legal liability that may be delaying its adoption, the interface of these two issues has so far drawn less attention. However, understanding this interface is essential to determining how jury behaviour is likely to influence adoption of AI by physicians. One distinctive concern identified in this paper is a ‘negative (...)
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  7.  25
    Two facets of affective empathy: concern and distress have opposite relationships to emotion recognition.Jacob Israelashvili, Disa Sauter & Agneta Fischer - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (6):1112-1122.
    Theories on empathy have argued that feeling empathy for others is related to accurate recognition of their emotions. Previous research that tested this assumption, however, has reported inconsiste...
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  8.  13
    La antropología al servicio de la ciencia moral en Nemesio de Emesa.Jacob Buganza - 2022 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 55 (1):9-24.
    Este trabajo se propone recuperar las tesis antropológicas centrales del De natura hominis de Nemesio de Emesa, autor cristiano del siglo V. La perspectiva desde la cual se aborda dicha obra es la filosofía moral, como ha sugerido Telfer. Siguiendo dicha horma, el autor busca poner de realce cómo las características centrales del ser humano que plantea Nemesio se relacionan con las virtudes morales.
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  9.  48
    Social Reform in a Complex World.Jacob Barrett - 2020 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 17 (2).
    Our world is complex—it is composed of many interacting parts—and this complexity poses a serious difficulty for theorists of social reform. On the one hand, we cannot merely work out ways of ameliorating immediate problems of injustice, because the solutions we generate may interact to set back the achievement of overall long-term justice. On the other, we cannot supplement such problem solving with theorizing about how to make progress towards a long-term goal of ideal justice, because the very interactions that (...)
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  10.  8
    Baffled by human diversity.Jacob Zellmer - 2024 - Aeon.
    Popularized in the seventeenth-century, polygenism is the view that God created multiple first human progenitors. This article reassesses the seventeenth-century version of polygenism and argues that the idea played an important role in American anthropology and conceptions of race in later centuries.
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  11.  24
    The common rule's ‘reasonable person’ standard for informed consent.Jacob Greenblum & Ryan Hubbard - 2018 - Bioethics 33 (2):274-277.
    Laura Odwazny and Benjamin Berkman have raised several challenges regarding the new reasonable person standard in the revised Common Rule, which states that in‐ formed consent requires potential research subjects be provided with information a reasonable person would want to know to make an informed decision on whether to participate in a study. Our aim is to offer a response to the challenges Odwazny and Berkman raise, which include the need for a reasonable person standard that can be applied consistently (...)
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  12. On Magnetic Forces and Work.Jacob A. Barandes - 2021 - Foundations of Physics 51 (4):1-17.
    We address a long-standing debate over whether classical magnetic forces can do work, ultimately answering the question in the affirmative. In detail, we couple a classical particle with intrinsic spin and elementary dipole moments to the electromagnetic field, derive the appropriate generalization of the Lorentz force law, show that the particle's dipole moments must be collinear with its spin axis, and argue that the magnetic field does mechanical work on the particle's elementary magnetic dipole moment. As consistency checks, we calculate (...)
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  13.  52
    Putting explainable AI in context: institutional explanations for medical AI.Jacob Browning & Mark Theunissen - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (2).
    There is a current debate about if, and in what sense, machine learning systems used in the medical context need to be explainable. Those arguing in favor contend these systems require post hoc explanations for each individual decision to increase trust and ensure accurate diagnoses. Those arguing against suggest the high accuracy and reliability of the systems is sufficient for providing epistemic justified beliefs without the need for explaining each individual decision. But, as we show, both solutions have limitations—and it (...)
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  14.  5
    A new structural transformation of the public sphere and deliberative politics.Jacob Abolafia - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-4.
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  15.  64
    Thoughts and Belief Ascriptions.Pierre Jacob - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (4):301-325.
  16.  5
    Introduction: The Aesthetics of Attention.Jacob Lund, Birgitte Stougaard Pedersen, Mette-Marie Zacher Søresen & Maja Bak Herrie - 2023 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 32 (65).
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  17. What structures could not be.Jacob Busch - 2003 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (3):211 – 225.
    James Ladyman has recently proposed a view according to which all that exists on the level of microphysics are structures "all the way down". By means of a comparative reading of structuralism in philosophy of mathematics as proposed by Stewart Shapiro, I shall present what I believe structures could not be. I shall argue that, if Ladyman is indeed proposing something as strong as suggested here, then he is committed to solving problems that proponents of structuralism in philosophy of mathematics (...)
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  18.  31
    Pluralism of Norms and Values: on the Claim and Reception of the Universal.Jacob Klapwijk - 1994 - Philosophia Reformata 59 (2):158-192.
    By way of introduction I want first to distinguish between several types of pluralism; then I want to consider more closely the pluralism of norms and values in order to formulate, finally, the problem that is central to this essay, the problem of particular versus universal norms.
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  19.  74
    Symbolic representation of probabilistic worlds.Jacob Feldman - 2012 - Cognition 123 (1):61-83.
  20.  36
    What Are the “True” Statistics of the Environment?Jacob Feldman - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (7):1871-1903.
    A widespread assumption in the contemporary discussion of probabilistic models of cognition, often attributed to the Bayesian program, is that inference is optimal when the observer's priors match the true priors in the world—the actual “statistics of the environment.” But in fact the idea of a “true” prior plays no role in traditional Bayesian philosophy, which regards probability as a quantification of belief, not an objective characteristic of the world. In this paper I discuss the significance of the traditional Bayesian (...)
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  21.  9
    Metafísica, antropología y virtud moral en san Gregorio de Nisa.Jacob Buganza - 2023 - Franciscanum 65 (180):1-30.
    Este trabajo estudia el concepto de virtud moral a partir de dos obras de san Gregorio de Nisa, a saber, De professione Christiana yDe perfectione, pertenecientes a la etapa inmediatamente anterior a la madurez de su autor, signada sobre todo por el De vita Moysis,que mucha atención ha merecido. Sin embargo, algunas de las tesis características de esta última obra se encuentran ya trazadas en las primeras dos, especialmente la propuesta de que la virtud es una tarea inabarcable e infinita, (...)
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  22. Anton Wilhelm Amo.Jacob Emmanuel Mabe - 2014 - Nordhausen: Verlag Traugott Bautz. Edited by J. Obi Oguejiofor.
  23.  72
    Analogue Magnitudes, the Generality Constraint, and Nonconceptual Thought.Jacob Beck - 2014 - Mind 123 (492):1155-1165.
    I reply to comments by David Miguel Gray and Grant Gillett concerning my paper, ‘The Generality Constraint and the Structure of Thought’.
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  24.  6
    Goldwater After Trump.Jacob M. Appel & Akaela Michels-Gualtieri - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (4):651-661.
    The “Goldwater rule,” a policy adopted by the American Psychiatry Association in 1973, prohibits organization members from diagnosing or offering professional opinions regarding the mental health of public figures without both first-hand evaluation and authorization. Initially developed in response to a controversial survey of APA members during the 1964 Presidential election campaign, the ethics rule faced few large scale challenges until the election of Donald Trump in 2016. Since that time, a significant number of psychiatrists have either violated or criticized (...)
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  25.  10
    William James, Moral Philosophy, and the Ethical Life.Jacob L. Goodson (ed.) - 2018 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This edited volume demonstrates that a virtue-centered approach to the ethical life is a consistent feature of William James’s moral reasoning from the 1880s until his death. Yet, little else remains constant within his writings on these subjects, and this inconstancy furthers interest in his work over a century later.
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  26.  22
    A new approach to multinational social responsibility.Jacob Naor - 1982 - Journal of Business Ethics 1 (3):219 - 225.
    Multinational business activity has expanded dramatically since the end of World War II. The increased presence of foreign corporations and the generally strategic significance of such presence for host countries, has increasingly confronted both sides with the need to develop guidelines governing the conduct of such operations.The new voluntary approach to guideline development suggested here is based on the proposition that the fundamental aim of business activity is the satisfaction of socially desirable needs. Under this approach, MNC's should attempt to (...)
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  27.  44
    Subjectivism and Degrees of Well-Being.Jacob Barrett - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (1):97-104.
    In previous work, I have argued that subjectivists about well-being must turn from a preference-satisfaction to a desire-satisfaction theory of well-being in order to avoid the conceptual problem of interpersonal comparisons of well-being. In a recent paper, Van der Deijl and Brouwer agree, but object that no version of the desire-satisfaction theory can provide a plausible account of how an individual's degree of well-being depends on the satisfaction or frustration of their various desires, at least in cases involving the gain (...)
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  28. A genealogy of participation.Jacob H. Sherman - 2008 - In Jorge N. Ferrer & Jacob H. Sherman (eds.), The Participatory Turn: Spirituality, Mysticism, Religious Studies. State University of New York Press.
     
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  29.  31
    Punishment and Disagreement in the State of Nature.Jacob Barrett - 2020 - Economics and Philosophy 36 (3):334-354.
    Hobbes believed that the state of nature would be a war of all against all. Locke denied this, but acknowledged that in the absence of government, peace is insecure. In this paper, I analyse both accounts of the state of nature through the lens of classical and experimental game theory, drawing especially on evidence concerning the effects of punishment in public goods games. My analysis suggests that we need government not to keep wicked or relentlessly self-interested individuals in line, but (...)
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  30.  8
    Preface.Jacob A. Belzen - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):ix-x.
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  31.  15
    Preface.Jacob A. Belzen - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):9-10.
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  32.  12
    Las Éticas Fenomenológica y de la Razón Cordial en Perspectiva Rosminiana.Jacob Buganza - 2015 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 71 (1):58-80.
  33.  73
    Gay Marriage, Liberalism, and Recognition: The Case for Equal Treatment.Jacob M. Held - 2007 - Public Affairs Quarterly 21 (3):221-233.
  34.  37
    A Metaphysics for Scientific Realism: Knowing the Unobservable – Anjan Chakravartty.Jacob Busch - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (235):368-371.
  35. Self-determination, non-domination, and federalism.Jacob T. Levy - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (3):pp. 60-78.
    This article summarizes the theory of federalism as non-domination Iris Marion Young began to develop in her final years, a theory of self-government that tried to recognize interconnectedness. Levy also poses an objection to that theory: non-domination cannot do the work Young needed of it, because it is a theory about the merits of decisions not about jurisdiction over them. The article concludes with an attempt to give Young the last word.
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  36.  68
    The Limits of Information.Jacob D. Bekenstein - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (4):511-524.
  37.  36
    Embodied simulation and the search for meaning are not necessary for facial expression processing.Jacob M. Vigil & Patrick Coulombe - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):461 - 463.
    Embodied simulation and the epistemic motivation to search for the of other people's behaviors are not necessary for specific and functional responding to, and hence processing of, human facial expressions. Rather, facial expression processing can be achieved through lower-cognitive, heuristical perceptual processing and expression of prototypical morphological musculature movement patterns that communicate discrete trustworthiness and capacity cues to conspecifics.
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  38.  6
    Bayes and the simplicity principle in perception.Jacob Feldman - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):875-887.
  39.  16
    Investing in Climate Governance and Equity in a Post-Durban World.Jacob Park - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (3):288 - 292.
    The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action was adopted at the 2011 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC) in South Africa and one of the key achievements of the 2011 UN Conference was the agreement on and the launch of the Green Climate Fund. As the international community prepares for the 2012 UNFCC talks to start in Qatar in November-December 2012, the past history of global environmental and climate change financing issues as well as the role of finance (...)
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  40. Buber's «i And Thou» Vis-à-vis Nietzsche And Kierkegaard.Jacob Golomb - 2002 - Existentia 12 (3-4):413-427.
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  41.  39
    Colloquium 4 Glaucon’s Fate: Plato’s Republic and the Drama of the Soul.Jacob Howland - 2014 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):113-136.
    I argue that the internal evidence of the Republic supports a conjecture first advanced by the historian Mark Munn: Glaucon was an accomplice of the so-called Thirty Tyrants who most likely died at the side of his relatives Critias and Charmides in the Battle of Munychia. If Munn is right, the Republic must be read as a poignant philosophical drama, the tragedy of Socrates’ unsuccessful struggle to save Plato’s brother from the corrupting influence of his family and his city. This (...)
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  42. Perspectives on Consciousness.Pierre Jacob - 2003 - New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.
     
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  43. Remarques sur l'innéisme en linguistique.Pierre Jacob - 1980 - The Temps de la Réflexion 1:438.
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  44. The global and the figural: early modern reflections on boundary-crossing.Jacob Vance - 2010 - In Christie McDonald & Susan Rubin Suleiman (eds.), French Global: A New Approach to Literary History. Columbia University Press.
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  45.  23
    Intra-regional assortative sociality may be better explained by social network dynamics rather than pathogen risk avoidance.Jacob M. Vigil & Patrick Coulombe - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):96-97.
    Fincher & Thornhill's (F&T's) model is not entirely supported by common patterns of affect behaviors among people who live under varying climatic conditions and among people who endorse varying levels of (Western) religiosity and conservative political ideals. The authors' model is also unable to account for intra-regional heterogeneity in assortative sociality, which, we argue, can be better explained by a framework that emphasizes the differential expression of fundamental social cues for maintaining distinct social network structures.
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  46.  24
    An Empirical Investigation of Factors Affecting Ethical Optimism of Nurses.Jacob Joseph & Satish P. Deshpande - 1996 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 15 (4):21-35.
  47.  18
    Force and freedom.Jacob Burckhardt - 1943 - New York,: Pantheon Books. Edited by James Hastings Nichols.
  48.  28
    The Strange Case of the Missing Title Page: An Investigation in Spinozistic Bibliography.Jacob Adler - 2013 - Intellectual History Review 23 (2):259-262.
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  49. Organ solicitation on the internet: Every man for himself: Commentary.Jacob M. Appel - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):14-15.
  50.  30
    Research Guidelines: Changes Urged.Jacob M. Appel - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (s4):103-104.
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