Results for 'Jack Gallant'

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  1.  17
    Some effects of distance and structure on conjunction errors.Jack L. Gallant & W. R. Garner - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (4):323-326.
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  2.  41
    Recommendations for Responsible Development and Application of Neurotechnologies.Sara Goering, Eran Klein, Laura Specker Sullivan, Anna Wexler, Blaise Agüera Y. Arcas, Guoqiang Bi, Jose M. Carmena, Joseph J. Fins, Phoebe Friesen, Jack Gallant, Jane E. Huggins, Philipp Kellmeyer, Adam Marblestone, Christine Mitchell, Erik Parens, Michelle Pham, Alan Rubel, Norihiro Sadato, Mina Teicher, David Wasserman, Meredith Whittaker, Jonathan Wolpaw & Rafael Yuste - 2021 - Neuroethics 14 (3):365-386.
    Advancements in novel neurotechnologies, such as brain computer interfaces and neuromodulatory devices such as deep brain stimulators, will have profound implications for society and human rights. While these technologies are improving the diagnosis and treatment of mental and neurological diseases, they can also alter individual agency and estrange those using neurotechnologies from their sense of self, challenging basic notions of what it means to be human. As an international coalition of interdisciplinary scholars and practitioners, we examine these challenges and make (...)
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  3. Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World.Jack Lyons - 2009 - New York, US: Oxford University Press. Edited by Jack Lyons.
    This book offers solutions to two persistent and I believe closely related problems in epistemology. The first problem is that of drawing a principled distinction between perception and inference: what is the difference between seeing that something is the case and merely believing it on the basis of what we do see? The second problem is that of specifying which beliefs are epistemologically basic (i.e., directly, or noninferentially, justified) and which are not. I argue that what makes a belief a (...)
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  4. Circularity, reliability, and the cognitive penetrability of perception.Jack Lyons - 2011 - Philosophical Issues 21 (1):289-311.
    Is perception cognitively penetrable, and what are the epistemological consequences if it is? I address the latter of these two questions, partly by reference to recent work by Athanassios Raftopoulos and Susanna Seigel. Against the usual, circularity, readings of cognitive penetrability, I argue that cognitive penetration can be epistemically virtuous, when---and only when---it increases the reliability of perception.
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  5.  21
    The experience and knowledge of time, through Russell and Moore.Jack Shardlow - forthcoming - .
    This paper develops the account of our experience and knowledge of time put forward by Russell in his Theory of Knowledge manuscript. While Russell ultimately abandons the project after it receives severe criticism from Wittgenstein (though several chapters derived from it appear as articles in The Monist), in producing this manuscript time, and particularly the notion of the present time, play a central role in Russell’s account of experience. In the present discussion, I propose to focus largely on Russell’s writing (...)
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  6.  39
    The limits of international law.Jack L. Goldsmith - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Eric A. Posner.
    A theory of customary international law -- Case studies -- A theory of international agreements -- Human rights -- International trade -- A theory of international rhetoric -- International law and moral obligation -- Liberal democracy and cosmopolitan duty.
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  7. The Frege-Geach Problem.Jack Woods - 2017 - In Tristram Colin McPherson & David Plunkett (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. New York: Routledge. pp. 226-242.
    This is an opinionated overview of the Frege-Geach problem, in both its historical and contemporary guises. Covers Higher-order Attitude approaches, Tree-tying, Gibbard-style solutions, and Schroeder's recent A-type expressivist solution.
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  8. Perceptual belief and nonexperiential looks.Jack Lyons - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):237-256.
    The “looks” of things are frequently invoked (a) to account for the epistemic status of perceptual beliefs and (b) to distinguish perceptual from inferential beliefs. ‘Looks’ for these purposes is normally understood in terms of a perceptual experience and its phenomenal character. Here I argue that there is also a nonexperiential sense of ‘looks’—one that relates to cognitive architecture, rather than phenomenology—and that this nonexperiential sense can do the work of (a) and (b).
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  9. Experiential evidence?Jack C. Lyons - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 173 (4):1053-1079.
    Much of the intuitive appeal of evidentialism results from conflating two importantly different conceptions of evidence. This is most clear in the case of perceptual justification, where experience is able to provide evidence in one sense of the term, although not in the sense that the evidentialist requires. I argue this, in part, by relying on a reading of the Sellarsian dilemma that differs from the version standardly encountered in contemporary epistemology, one that is aimed initially at the epistemology of (...)
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  10. Unencapsulated Modules and Perceptual Judgment.Jack C. Lyons - 2015 - In A. Raftopoulos J. Zeimbekis (ed.), Cognitive Penetrability. Oxford University Press. pp. 103-122.
    To what extent are cognitive capacities, especially perceptual capacities, informationally encapsulated and to what extent are they cognitively penetrable? And why does this matter? Two reasons we care about encapsulation/penetrability are: (a) encapsulation is sometimes held to be definitional of modularity, and (b) penetrability has epistemological implications independent of modularity. I argue that modularity does not require encapsulation; that modularity may have epistemological implications independently of encapsulation; and that the epistemological implications of the cognitive penetrability of perception are messier than (...)
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  11. The empirical metaphysics of Geroge Henry Lewes.Jack Kaminsky - 1952 - [n. p.,:
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  12.  11
    Philosophers on consciousness: talking about the mind.Jack Symes (ed.) - 2022 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    We know, more intimately than anything else, what it's like to undergo a rich world of experiences: agonizing pains, dizzying pleasures, heady rage and existential doubts. But, despite the incredible advances of physical science, it seems that we're no closer to an explanation of how this inner world of experiences comes about. No matter how detailed our description of the physical brain, perhaps we'll always be left with this same question: how and why does the brain produce consciousness? This book (...)
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  13.  15
    Creating the ethical academy: a systems approach to understanding misconduct and empowering change in higher education.Tricia Bertram Gallant (ed.) - 2011 - New York: Routledge.
    For those who believe in the promise of higher education to shape a better future, this may be a time of unprecedented despair. Stories of students regularly cheating in their classes, admissions officers bending the rules for VIPs, faculty fudging research data, and presidents plagiarizing seem more rampant than ever before. If those associated with our institutions of higher learning cannot resist ethical corruption, what hope do we have for an ethical society? In this edited volume, higher education experts and (...)
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  14. Two dogmas of empirical justification.Jack C. Lyons - 2020 - Philosophical Issues 30 (1):221-237.
    Nearly everyone agrees that perception gives us justification and knowledge, and a great number of epistemologists endorse a particular two-part view about how this happens. The view is that perceptual beliefs get their justification from perceptual experiences, and that they do so by being based on them. Despite the ubiquity of these two views, I think that neither has very much going for it; on the contrary, there’s good reason not to believe either one of them.
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  15.  24
    Phenomenology, abduction, and argument: avoiding an ostrich epistemology.Jack Reynolds - 2022 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 22 (3):557-574.
    Phenomenology has been described as a “non-argumentocentric” way of doing philosophy, reflecting that the philosophical focus is on generating adequate descriptions of experience. But it should not be described as an argument-free zone, regardless of whether this is intended as a descriptive claim about the work of the “usual suspects” or a normative claim about how phenomenology ought to be properly practiced. If phenomenology is always at least partly in the business of arguments, then it is worth giving further attention (...)
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  16.  4
    The Frankfurt School, Jewish Lives, and Antisemitism.Jack Lester Jacobs - 2014 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The history of the Frankfurt School cannot be fully told without examining the relationships of Critical Theorists to their Jewish family backgrounds. Jewish matters had significant effects on key figures in the Frankfurt School, including Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno, Erich Fromm, Leo Lowenthal and Herbert Marcuse. At some points, their Jewish family backgrounds clarify their life paths; at others, these backgrounds help to explain why the leaders of the School stressed the significance of antisemitism. In the post-Second World War (...)
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  17. Embodiment and Emergence: Navigating an Epistemic and Metaphysical Dilemma.Jack Reynolds - 2020 - Journal of Transcendental Philosophy 1 (1):1-25.
    In this paper, I consider a challenge that naturalism poses for embodied cognition and enactivism, as well as for work on phenomenology of the body that has an argumentative or explanatory dimension. It concerns the connection between embodiment and emergence. In the commitment to explanatory holism, and the irreducibility of embodiment to any mechanistic and/or neurocentric construal of the interactions of the component parts, I argue there is (often, if not always) an unavowed dependence on an epistemic and metaphysical role (...)
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  18.  3
    Creating the ethical academy: a systems approach to understanding misconduct and empowering change in higher education.Tricia Bertram Gallant (ed.) - 2011 - New York: Routledge.
    For those who believe in the promise of higher education to shape a better future, this may be a time of unprecedented despair. Stories of students regularly cheating in their classes, admissions officers bending the rules for VIPs, faculty fudging research data, and presidents plagiarizing seem more rampant than ever before. If those associated with our institutions of higher learning cannot resist ethical corruption, what hope do we have for an ethical society? In this edited volume, higher education experts and (...)
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  19. Einige hauptfragen in Martineaus ethik..William McDougald Jack - 1900 - Leipzig,: E. Glausch.
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  20. The Psychosis of Race: A Lacanian Approach to Racism and Racialization.Jack Black - 2023 - Abingdon: Routledge.
    The Psychosis of Race offers a unique and detailed account of the psychoanalytic significance of race, and the ongoing impact of racism in contemporary society. Moving beyond the well-trodden assertion that race is a social construction, and working against demands that simply call for more representational equality, The Psychosis of Race explores how the delusions, anxieties, and paranoia that frame our race relations can afford new insights into how we see, think, and understand race's pervasive appeal. With examples drawn from (...)
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  21.  23
    Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages.Tricia Bertram Gallant, Michael G. Anderson & Christine Killoran - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):219-235.
    Research on academic cheating by high school students and undergraduates suggests that many students will do whatever it takes, including violating ethical classroom standards, to not be left behind or to race to the top. This behavior may be exacerbated among pre-med and pre-health professional school students enrolled in laboratory classes because of the typical disconnect between these students, their instructors and the perceived legitimacy of the laboratory work. There is little research, however, that has investigated the relationship between high (...)
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  22. “Methods, Processes, and Knowledge”.Jack Lyons - 2023 - In Luis R. G. Oliveira (ed.), Externalism about Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Methods have been a controversial element in theories of knowledge for the last 40 years. Recent developments in theories of justification, concerning the identification and individuation of belief-forming processes, can shed new light on methods, solving some longstanding problems in the theory of knowledge. We needn’t and shouldn’t shy away from methods; rather, methods, construed as psychological processes of belief-formation, need to play a central role in any credible theory of knowledge.
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  23.  5
    The ethics pipeline to academic publishing.Tricia Bertram Gallant - 2016 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14 (1):24-28.
    Purpose – This paper aims to respond to Curno’s piece on the Challenges to ethical publishing in the digital era. Design/methodology/approach – In this response, the author argues that a focus on “publication ethics” may perpetuate the problem of unethical conduct because such a focus ignores the influences of the educational ethics pipeline. Findings – As a result, the author issues two calls for action: we must cease operating in our ethical silos and educational leaders must publicly recognize the problem (...)
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  24.  8
    The Wiley handbook of theoretical and philosophical psychology: methods, approaches, and new directions for social sciences.Jack Martin, Jeff Sugarman & Kathleen L. Slaney (eds.) - 2015 - Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. Gathers together for the first time all the approaches and methods that define scholarly practice in theoretical and philosophical psychology Chapters explore various (...)
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  25.  1
    Living educational theory research as an epistemology for practice: the role of values in practitioners' professional development.Jack Whitehead - 2024 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Marie Huxtable.
    This book explores a value-based research methodology, Living Educational Theory Research (LETR), which aligns a values-based approach with key tenets of professional development to inform and inspire future educators' practice. Written by the world-leading scholars in the field of LETR, chapters are global in reach and promote the evolving and dynamic nature of the methodology and its application with real-world professional training within higher education. Through discussion and dialogue on the evolution of Living Educational Theory Research, chapters explore topics such (...)
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  26.  38
    Mindfulness meditation practice and executive functioning: Breaking down the benefit.Sara N. Gallant - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:116-130.
  27.  4
    Conspiracy Panics: Political Rationality and Popular Culture.Jack Z. Bratich - 2008 - SUNY Press.
    While most other works focus on conspiracy theories, this book examines conspiracy panics, or the anxiety over the phenomenon of conspiracy theories. Jack Z. Bratich argues that conspiracy theories are portals into the major social issues defining U.S. and global political culture. These issues include the rise of new technologies, the social function of journalism, U.S. race relations, citizenship and dissent, globalization, biowarfare and biomedicine, and the shifting positions within the Left. Using a Foucauldian governmentality analysis, Bratich maintains that (...)
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  28.  6
    Die Staatstheorie Karl Poppers: eine kritisch-rationale Methode.Jack Nasher - 2017 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Als geistiger Vater der "offenen Gesellschaft" wurde Karl Popper zum Hofphilosophen der westlichen Demokratie. Seine Staatstheorie steht vor dem Hintergrund seiner bahnbrechenden Wissenschaftstheorie, da er von einer Einheit der Methode ausgeht.Allerdings hat Popper selbst auf eine zusammenhangende Darstellung seiner politischen Philosophie verzichtet. Jack Nasher gibt die Staatstheorie Poppers aus seinem gesamten Opus mosaikartig wieder.Poppers offene Gesellschaft ist gekennzeichnet von einer Politik der kleinen Schritte, die stets an ihrer Wirkung zur Verbesserung von Lebensumstanden gemessen werden. Das Stammesleben ist aufgegeben, zugunsten (...)
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  29.  8
    Sport, ethics and leadership.Jack Bowen - 2017 - New York, NY: Routledge, an Informa Business.
    Everybody involved in sport, from the bleachers to the boardroom, should develop an understanding of ethics. Sport ethics prompt discussion of the central principles and ideals by which we all live our lives, and effective leadership in sport is invariably ethical leadership. This fascinating new introduction to sport ethics outlines key ethical theories in the context of sport as well as the fundamentals of moral reasoning. It explores all the central ethical issues in contemporary sport: from violence, hazing, and gambling (...)
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  30.  6
    Systems, relations, and the structures of international societies.Jack Donnelly - 2023 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work on complex adaptive systems in the natural sciences, and the growing relational turn in the social sciences both reject the "systems theories" of earlier generations. This book builds on these entities to advance a relational processual approach to the comparative study of historical and contemporary international systems.
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  31.  4
    The circle blueprint: decoding the conscious and unconscious factors that determine your success.Jack Skeen - 2017 - Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.
    The circle blueprint -- Enlarging and balancing your circle blueprint -- Four critical developmental tasks -- Balancing the circle blueprint -- Distress and vision in the expanding circle blueprint -- Driving your circle blueprintexpansion: brakes and gas pedals -- Creating a road map -- Impact on others -- Assessing your circle blueprint -- Independence -- Power -- Humility -- Purpose -- Balancing purpose within the circle blueprint -- Achieving greatness -- Conclusion.
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  32. The gap between the idea for the body and the idea of the body.Jack Stetter - 2019 - In Charles Ramond & Jack Stetter (eds.), Spinoza in 21st-Century American and French Philosophy.
  33.  6
    Subconscious journeys.Jack Mitchell - 2014 - Lanham: Hamilton Books, A member of Rowman & Littlefield.
    In Subconscious Journeys, Jack Mitchell explores the human mind and its connection to life, death, disease, and the probability of extended life. He addresses how the four parts of the mind function and adapt as we deal with the inherent changes in life.
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  34.  20
    Peculiar Access: Sartre, Self-knowledge, and the Question of the Irreducibility of the First-Person Perspective.Jack Alan Reynolds & Pierre-Jean Renaudie - 2023 - In Talia Morag (ed.), Sartre and Analytic Philosophy. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 84-100.
    In the debates on phenomenal consciousness that occurred over the last 20 years, Sartre’s analysis of pre-reflective consciousness has often been quoted in defence of a distinction between first- and third-personal modes of givenness that naturalists reject. This distinction aims both at determining the specificity of the access one has to their own thoughts, beliefs, intentions, or desires, and at justifying the particular privilege that one enjoys while making epistemic claims about their own mental states. This chapter defends an interpretation (...)
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  35.  31
    Perspectival selves in interaction with others: Re-reading G.h. Mead's social psychology.Jack Martin - 2005 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (3):231–253.
  36.  15
    Ethics for mental health professionals.Jack Olszewski - 2023 - Hershey, PA: Medical Information Science Reference.
    This book aims to elevate the education of future mental health professionals to a higher professional level and serve as a "vade mecum" of ethical and psychological reflection for practicing professionals. This book goes beyond merely offering a set of instructions; it encourages readers to actively engage in ethical reflection and cultivate ethical attitudes grounded in factual understanding.
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  37. Spinoza in Twenty-First-Century American and French Philosophy: Metaphysics, Philosophy of Mind, Moral and Political Philosophy.Jack Stetter & Charles Ramond (eds.) - 2019 - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Contributors: Steven Barbone, Laurent Bove, Edwin Curley, Valérie Debuiche, Michael Della Rocca, Simon B. Duffy, Daniel Garber, Pascale Gillot, Céline Hervet, Jonathan Israel, Chantal Jaquet, Mogens Lærke, Jacqueline Lagrée, Martin Lin, Yitzhak Y. Melamed, Pierre-François Moreau, Steven Nadler, Knox Peden, Alison Peterman, Charles Ramond, Michael A. Rosenthal, Pascal Sévérac, Hasana Sharp, Jack Stetter, Ariel Suhamy, Lorenzo Vinciguerra.
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  38.  6
    Employing Nietzsche's sociological imagination: how to understand totalitarian democracy.Jack Fong - 2020 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Harnessing the empowering ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche to read the human condition of modern existence through a sociological lens, this book confronts the realities of how modern social structures, ideologies, and utopianisms affect one's ability to purpose existence with self-authored meaning.
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  39. A theory of psychological reactance.Jack Williams Brehm - 1966 - New York,: Academic Press.
  40.  26
    A Systemic Analysis of Cheating in an Undergraduate Engineering Mechanics Course.Tricia Bertram Gallant, Lelli Van Den Einde, Scott Ouellette & Sam Lee - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):277-298.
    Cheating in the undergraduate classroom is not a new problem, and it is recognized as one that is endemic to the education system. This paper examines the highly normative behavior of using unauthorized assistance (e.g., a solutions manual or a friend) on an individual assignment within the context of an upper division undergraduate course in engineering mechanics. The findings indicate that there are varying levels of accepting responsibility among the students (from denial to tempered to full) and that acceptance of (...)
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  41.  10
    The alchemy of thought.L. P. Jacks - 1910 - Freeport, N.Y.,: Books for Libraries Press.
    THOUGHT .—THE BITTER CRY OF THE PLAIN MAN AN APPEAL TO PHILOSOPHERS " The best philosopher is the man who can think most imply. ...
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  42. The gap between the idea for the body and the idea of the body.Jack Stetter - 2019 - In Jack Stetter & Charles Ramond (eds.), Spinoza in Twenty-First-Century American and French Philosophy: Metaphysics, Philosophy of Mind, Moral and Political Philosophy. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  43. How to theorize about hope.Jack M. C. Kwong - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):1426-1439.
    In order to better understand the topic of hope, this paper argues that two separate theories are needed: One for hoping, and the other for hopefulness. This bifurcated approach is warranted by the observation that the word ‘hope’ is polysemous: It is sometimes used to refer to hoping and sometimes, to feeling or being hopeful. Moreover, these two senses of 'hope' are distinct, as a person can hope for some outcome yet not simultaneously feel hopeful about it. I argue that (...)
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  44. The future of the ethical academy : preliminary thoughts and suggestions.Tricia Bertram Gallant & Patrick Drinan - 2011 - In Tricia Bertram Gallant (ed.), Creating the Ethical Academy: A Systems Approach to Understanding Misconduct and Empowering Change in Higher Education. Routledge.
     
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  45. Critical Notice: Seemings and Justification, ed. Chris Tucker. [REVIEW]Jack Lyons - 2014 - Analysis 75 (1):153-164.
    A review of Chris Tucker's collection of papers on phenomenal conservatism.
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  46.  3
    Saying peace: Levinas, Eurocentrism, solidarity.Jack Marsh - 2021 - Albany: SUNY Press.
    Levinas's big idea is that our lived sense of moral obligation occurs in an immediate experience of the otherness of the Other, and that moral meaning is grounded in alterity rather than identity. Yet he also held what seemed an inconsiderate, or 'eurocentric,' view of other cultural traditions. In Saying Peace, Jack Marsh explores this problem, testing the coherence and adequacy of Levinas's central philosophical claims. Using a twofold method of reconstruction and critique, Marsh conducts a holistic immanent evaluation (...)
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  47. The Phenomenology of Hope.Jack M. C. Kwong - 2022 - American Philosophical Quarterly 59 (3):313-325.
    What is the phenomenology of hope? A common view is that hope has a generally positive and pleasant affective tone. This rosy depiction, however, has recently been challenged. Certain hopes, it has been objected, are such that they are either entirely negative in valence or neutral in tone. In this paper, I argue that this challenge has only limited success. In particular, I show that it only applies to one sense of hope but leaves another sense—one that is implicitly but (...)
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  48. What is hope?Jack M. C. Kwong - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):243-254.
    According to the standard account, to hope for an outcome is to desire it and to believe that its realization is possible, though not inevitable. This account, however, faces certain difficulties: It cannot explain how people can display differing strengths in hope; it cannot distinguish hope from despair; and it cannot explain substantial hopes. This paper proposes an account of hope that can meet these deficiencies. Briefly, it argues that in addition to possessing the relevant belief–desire structure as allowed in (...)
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  49.  10
    The Case Against Public Philosophy.Jack Russell Weinstein - 2022 - In Lee C. McIntyre, Nancy Arden McHugh & Ian Olasov (eds.), A companion to public philosophy. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 26–40.
    The subdiscipline of public philosophy is in its adolescence. The mark of maturity in philosophy is the introduction of a metatheoretical discourse. The niche subfield “experimental philosophy” tries to incorporate social scientific methods, but like public philosophy, it too is in its adolescence, often falling back on haphazard and poorly defined methodologies. The definition of public philosophy distinguishes between professional philosophers and what would best be termed amateurs, where professional philosophers are analogous to professional athletes – credentialed individuals who do (...)
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  50.  33
    Students at Risk for Being Reported for Cheating.Tricia Bertram Gallant, Nancy Binkin & Michael Donohue - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (3):217-228.
    Student cheating has always been a problem in higher education, but detection of cheating has become easier with technology. As a result, more students are being caught and reported for cheating. While reporting cheating is not a negative, the rippling effects of reported cheating may be felt by some populations more than others. Thus, preventing cheating would be a preferable option for all involved.Identifying those at risk for being reported for cheating is a first step in developing preventive measures. Previous (...)
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