407 found
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  1.  87
    Knowledge and Belief: An Introduction to the Logic of the Two Notions.Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  2. Knowledge and Belief: An Introduction to the Logic of the Two Notions.Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Studia Logica 16:119-122.
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  3. Logic, Language-Games and Information: Kantian Themes in the Philosophy of Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Oxford, England: Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    I LOGIC IN PHILOSOPHY— PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC i. On the relation of logic to philosophy I n this book, the consequences of certain logical insights for ...
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  4.  43
    The Logic of Conditionals.Ernest Adams, Ernest W. Adams, Jaakko Hintikka & Patrick Suppes - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (3):609-611.
  5.  69
    The Principles of Mathematics Revisited.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, written by one of philosophy's pre-eminent logicians, argues that many of the basic assumptions common to logic, philosophy of mathematics and metaphysics are in need of change. It is therefore a book of critical importance to logical theory. Jaakko Hintikka proposes a new basic first-order logic and uses it to explore the foundations of mathematics. This new logic enables logicians to express on the first-order level such concepts as equicardinality, infinity, and truth in the same language. The famous (...)
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  6. Socratic Epistemology: Explorations of Knowledge-Seeking by Questioning.Jaakko Hintikka - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most current work in epistemology deals with the evaluation and justification of information already acquired. In this book, Jaakko Hintikka instead discusses the more important problem of how knowledge is acquired in the first place. His model of information-seeking is the old Socratic method of questioning, which has been generalized and brought up-to-date through the logical theory of questions and answers that he has developed. Hintikka also argues that philosophers' quest for a definition of knowledge is ill-conceived and that the (...)
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  7.  67
    The Intensions of Intentionality and Other New Models for Modalities.Jaakko Hintikka - 1975 - Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
  8. Cogito, Ergo Sum: Inference or Performance?Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (1):3-32.
  9.  1
    Models for Modalities: Selected Essays.Jaakko Hintikka - 1969 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    The papers collected in this volume were written over a period of some eight or nine years, with some still earlier material incorporated in one of them. Publishing them under the same cover does not make a con tinuous book of them. The papers are thematically connected with each other, however, in a way which has led me to think that they can naturally be grouped together. In any list of philosophically important concepts, those falling within the range of application (...)
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  10. Impossible Possible Worlds Vindicated.Jaakko Hintikka - 1975 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (4):475 - 484.
  11. The Principles of Mathematics Revisited.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, written by one of philosophy's pre-eminent logicians, argues that many of the basic assumptions common to logic, philosophy of mathematics and metaphysics are in need of change. It is therefore a book of critical importance to logical theory. Jaakko Hintikka proposes a new basic first-order logic and uses it to explore the foundations of mathematics. This new logic enables logicians to express on the first-order level such concepts as equicardinality, infinity, and truth in the same language. The famous (...)
     
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  12. The Emperor’s New Intuitions.Jaakko Hintikka - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):127-147.
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  13.  1
    Inquiry as Inquiry a Logic of Scientific Discovery.Jaakko Hintikka - 1999 - Dordrecht / Boston / London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Is a genuine logic of scientific discovery possible? In the essays collected here, Hintikka not only defends an affirmative answer; he also outlines such a logic. It is the logic of questions and answers. Thus inquiry in the sense of knowledge-seeking becomes inquiry in the sense of interrogation. Using this new logic, Hintikka establishes a result that will undoubtedly be considered the fundamental theorem of all epistemology, viz., the virtual identity of optimal strategies of pure discovery with optimal deductive strategies. (...)
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  14. What Is Abduction? The Fundamental Problem of Contemporary Epistemology.Jaakko Hintikka - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 34 (3):503 -.
  15.  1
    Lingua Universalis Vs. Calculus Ratiocinator an Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth-Century Philosophy.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Kluwer.
    R. G. Collingwood saw one of the main tasks of philosophers and of historians of human thought in uncovering what he called the ultimate presuppositions of different thinkers, of different philosophical movements and of entire eras of intellectual history. He also noted that such ultimate presuppositions usually remain tacit at first, and are discovered only by subsequent reflection. Collingwood would have been delighted by the contrast that constitutes the overall theme of the essays collected in this volume. Not only has (...)
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  16.  42
    Aspects of Inductive Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1966 - Amsterdam: North Holland Pub. Co..
  17. The Semantics of Questions and the Questions of Semantics: Case Studies in the Interrelations of Logic, Semantics, and Syntax.Jaakko Hintikka - 1976 - North-Holland.
  18. On the Development of the Model-Theoretic Viewpoint in Logical Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1988 - Synthese 77 (1):1 - 36.
  19. Modality and Quantification.Jaakko Hintikka - 1961 - Theoria 27 (3):119-128.
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  20.  53
    Information and Inference.Jaakko Hintikka - 1970 - D. Reidel.
    In the last 25 years, the concept of information has played a crucial role in communication theory, so much so that the terms information theory and communication theory are sometimes used almost interchangeably. It seems to us, however, that the notion of information is also destined to render valuable services to the student of induction and probability, of learning and reinforcement, of semantic meaning and deductive inference, as~well as of scientific method in general. The present volume is an attempt to (...)
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  21.  59
    The Fallacy of Fallacies.Jaakko Hintikka - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (3):211-238.
    Several of the so-called “fallacies” in Aristotle are not in fact mistaken inference-types, but mistakes or breaches of rules in the questioning games which were practiced in the Academy and in the Lyceum. Hence the entire Aristotelian theory of “fallacies” ought to be studied by reference to the author's interrogative model of inquiry, based on his theory of questions and answers, rather than as a part of the theory of inference. Most of the “fallacies” mentioned by Aristotle can in fact (...)
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  22. Kant on the Mathematical Method.Jaakko Hintikka - 1967 - The Monist 51 (3):352-375.
    According to Kant, “mathematical knowledge is the knowledge gained by reason from the construction of concepts.” In this paper, I shall make a few suggestions as to how this characterization of the mathematical method is to be understood.
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  23.  18
    Investigating Wittgenstein.Merrill Hintikka, Jaakko Hintikka & Norman Malcolm - 1987 - Philosophy 62 (242):529-533.
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  24. Knowledge and the Known: Historical Perspectives in Epistemology.Jaakko Hintikka - 1974 - Reidel.
    A word of warning concerning the aims of this volume is in order. Other wise some readers might be unpleasantly surprised by the fact that two of the chapters of an ostensibly historical book are largely topical rather than historical. They are Chapters 7 and 9, respectively entitled 'Are Logical Truths Analytic?' and 'A Priori Truths and Things-In-Them selves'. Moreover, the history dealt with in Chapter 11 is so recent as to have more critical than antiquarian interest. This mixture of (...)
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  25.  37
    Quantifiers Vs. Quantification Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Dialectica 27 (3‐4):329-358.
  26.  1
    The Game of Language: Studies in Game-Theoretical Semantics and its Applications.Jaakko Hintikka - 1983 - Springer Verlag.
    Since the first chapter of this book presents an intro duction to the present state of game-theoretical semantics, there is no point in giving a briefer survey here. Instead, it may be helpful to indicate what this volume attempts to do. The first chapter gives a short intro duction to GTS and a survey of what is has accomplished. Chapter 2 puts the enterprise of GTS into new philo sophical perspective by relating its basic ideas to Kant's phi losophy of (...)
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  27. Toward a Theory of the Process of Explanation.Ilpo Halonen & Jaakko Hintikka - 2005 - Synthese 143 (1-2):5-61.
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  28. Time and Necessity: Studies in Aristotle’s Theory of Modality.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 166 (2):227-227.
  29.  75
    What is the Logic of Experimental Inquiry?Jaakko Hintikka - 1988 - Synthese 74 (2):173-90.
  30. Quantifiers Vs. Quantificational Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1974 - Linguistic Inquiry 5:153--77.
     
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  31. Logic, language-games and information, kantian themes in the philosophy of logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:477-478.
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  32.  1
    Anaphora and Definite Descriptions: Two Applications of Game-Theoretical Semantics.Jaakko Hintikka, Kaarlo Jaakko Juhani Hintikka & J. Kulas - 1985 - Springer.
    I n order to appreciate properly what we are doing in this book it is necessary to realize that our approach to linguistic theorizing differs from the prevailing views. Our approach can be described by indicating what distinguishes it from the methodological ideas current in theoretical linguistics, which I consider seriously misguided. Linguists typically construe their task in these days as that of making exceptionless generalizations from particular examples. This explanatory strategy is wrong in several different ways. It presupposes that (...)
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  33. On the Logic of an Interrogative Model of Scientific Inquiry.Jaakko Hintikka - 1981 - Synthese 47 (1):69 - 83.
  34. On the Ingredients of an Aristotelian Science. --.Jaakko Hintikka - 1971 - University of Helsinki.
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  35. Surface Information and Depth Information.Jaakko Hintikka - 1970 - In Jaakko Hintikka & O. Suppes (eds.), Information and Inference. Dordrecht: Reidel.
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  36. Some Main Problems of Deontic Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1971 - In Risto Hilpinen (ed.), Deontic Logic: Introductory and Systematic Readings. Sold and Distributed in the U.S.A. And Canada by Kluwer Boston. pp. 59-104.
     
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  37. The Fallacies of the New Theory of Reference.Jaakko Hintikka & Gabriel Sandu - 1995 - Synthese 104 (2):245 - 283.
    The so-called New Theory of Reference (Marcus, Kripke etc.) is inspired by the insight that in modal and intensional contexts quantifiers presuppose nondescriptive unanalyzable identity criteria which do not reduce to any descriptive conditions. From this valid insight the New Theorists fallaciously move to the idea that free singular terms can exhibit a built-in direct reference and that there is even a special class of singular terms (proper names) necessarily exhibiting direct reference. This fallacious move has been encouraged by a (...)
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  38. What If...?: Toward Excellence in Reasoning.Jaakko Hintikka & James Bachman - 1991 - Mayfield.
  39. ``Different Constructions in Terms of the Basic Epistemological Verbs: A Survey of Some Problems and Proposals&Quot.Jaakko Hintikka - 1975 - In The Intensions of Intentionality and Other New Models for Modalities. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. pp. 1--25.
     
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  40. The Logic of Perception.Jaakko Hintikka - 1969 - In Models for Modalities: Selected Essays. Reidel.
  41.  1
    Ludwig Wittgenstein: Half-Truths and One-and-a-Half-Truths.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Springer.
    IF WITI'GENSTEIN COULD TALK, COULD WE UNDERSTAND HIM? Perusing the secondary literature on Wittgenstein, I have frequently experienced a perfect Brechtean Entfremdungseffekt. This is interesting, I have felt like saying when reading books and papers on Wittgenstein, but who is the writer talking about? Certainly not Ludwig Wittgenstein the actual person who wrote his books and notebooks and whom I happened to meet. Why is there this strange gap between the ideas of the actual philosopher and the musings of his (...)
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  42. Approaches to Natural Language.Patrick Suppes, Julius Moravcsik & Jaakko Hintikka (eds.) - 1973 - Dordrecht.
  43. Models for Modalities.Jaakko Hintikka - 1971 - Studia Logica 28:161-163.
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  44.  98
    A Fallacious Fallacy?Jaakko Hintikka - 2004 - Synthese 140 (1-2):25 - 35.
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  45.  94
    No Scope for Scope?Jaakko Hintikka - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (5):515-544.
    The notion of scope as it relates to a model of logical form is discussed. The inability of the accepted definition of scope to account for the contrast between priority scope - the logical priority of different quantifiers & other logical notions via rule ordering - & binding scope - the identification of the connection between variables of quantification & a particular quantifier - is demonstrated. The semantic ambiguity of this dichotomy of scope is explored via examination of donkey sentences. (...)
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  46. What is the Axiomatic Method?Jaakko Hintikka - 2011 - Synthese 183 (1):69-85.
    The modern notion of the axiomatic method developed as a part of the conceptualization of mathematics starting in the nineteenth century. The basic idea of the method is the capture of a class of structures as the models of an axiomatic system. The mathematical study of such classes of structures is not exhausted by the derivation of theorems from the axioms but includes normally the metatheory of the axiom system. This conception of axiomatization satisfies the crucial requirement that the derivation (...)
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  47.  90
    The Role of Logic in Argumentation.Jaakko Hintikka - 1989 - The Monist 72 (1):3-24.
    The main currently unsolved problem in the theory of argumentation concerns the function of logic in argumentation and reasoning. The traditional view simply identified logic with the theory of reasoning. This view is still being echoed in older textbooks of formal logic. In a different variant, the same view is even codified in the ordinary usage of words such as ‘logic’, ‘deduction’, ‘inference’, etc. For each actual occurrence of these terms in textbooks of formal logic, there are hundreds of uses (...)
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  48.  40
    Distributive Normal Forms in the Calculus of Predicates.Jaakko Hintikka - 1953 - [Edidit Societas Philosophica;,] [Distribuit Akatesminen Kirjakauppa,].
  49. Individuals, Possible Worlds, and Epistemic Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1967 - Noûs 1 (1):33-62.
  50.  60
    On the Ingredients of an Aristotelian Science.Jaakko Hintikka - 1972 - Noûs 6 (1):55-69.
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