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Jaap van Brakel [57]J. van Brakel [36]Jan Van Brakel [1]Jap van Brakel [1]
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  1. The Plasticity of Categories: The Case of Colour.Jaap Van Brakel - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (1):103-135.
    Probably colour is the best worked-out example of allegedly neurophysiologically innate response categories determining percepts and percepts determining concepts, and hence biology fixing the basic categories implicit in the use of language. In this paper I argue against this view and I take C. L. Hardin's Color for Philosophers [1988] as my main target. I start by undermining the view that four unique hues stand apart from all other colour shades (Section 2) and the confidence that the solar spectrum is (...)
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  2.  80
    Are There Nontrivial Constraints on Colour Categorization?B. A. C. Saunders & J. van Brakel - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):167-179.
    In this target article the following hypotheses are discussed: (1) Colour is autonomous: a perceptuolinguistic and behavioural universal. (2) It is completely described by three independent attributes: hue, brightness, and saturation: (3) Phenomenologically and psychophysically there are four unique hues: red, green, blue, and yellow; (4) The unique hues are underpinned by two opponent psychophysical and/or neuronal channels: red/green, blue/yellow. The relevant literature is reviewed. We conclude: (i) Psychophysics and neurophysiology fail to set nontrivial constraints on colour categorization. (ii) Linguistic (...)
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  3. Units of Measurement and Natural Kinds: Some Kripkean Considerations.Jan Van Brakel - 1990 - Erkenntnis 33 (3):297-317.
    Kripke has argued that definitions of units of measurements provide examples of statements that are both contingent and a priori. In this paper I argue that definitions of units of measurement are intended to be stipulations of what Kripke calls "theoretical identities": a stipulation that two terms will have the same rigid designation. Hence such a definition is both a priori and necessary. The necessity arises because such definitions appeal to natural kind properties only, which on Kripke's account are necessary.
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  4.  32
    Colour: An Exosomatic Organ?B. A. C. Saunders & J. van Brakel - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):212-220.
    Sections R1 to R3 attempt to take the sting out of hostile commentaries. Sections R4 to R5 engage Berlin and Kay and the World Color Survey to correct the record. Section R6 begins the formulation of a new theory of colour as an engineering project with a technological developmental trajectory. It is recommended that the colour space be abandoned.
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  5.  66
    The Chemistry of Substances and the Philosophy of Mass Terms.Jaap Van Brakel - 1986 - Synthese 69 (3):291-324.
  6.  4
    Emotions as the Fabric of Forms of Life: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.Jaap Van Brakel - 1994 - In W. M. Wentworth & J. Ryan (eds.), Social perspectives on emotion.
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  7. Philosophy of Chemistry. Between the Manifest and the Scientific Image.Jaap van Brakel - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (2):431-432.
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  8.  76
    Chemistry as the Science of the Transformation of Substances.J. Van Brakel - 1997 - Synthese 111 (3):253-282.
  9.  55
    Extension of Family Resemblance Concepts as a Necessary Condition of Interpretation Across Traditions.Jaap Van Brakel & Lin Ma - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):475-497.
    In this paper we extend Wittgenstein’s notion of family resemblance to translation, interpretation, and comparison across traditions. There is no need for universals. This holds for everyday concepts such as green and qing 青, philosophical concepts such as emotion and qing 情, as well as philosophical categories such as form of life and dao 道. These notions as well as all other concepts from whatever tradition are family resemblance concepts. We introduce the notion of quasi-universal, which connects family resemblance concepts (...)
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  10.  27
    Out of the Ge-Stell? The Role of the East in Heidegger’s Das Andere Denken.Lin Ma & Jaap Van Brakel - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (3):527-562.
    Modern technology (Technik, la technique) has constituted the gears on which the wheels of the modern world keep turning. The later Heidegger devotes sustained reflection to this unprecedented phenomenon in human history. It is notable that, compared with other figures from twentieth-century continental philosophy, Heidegger has served as the most frequent reference point in current philosophy of technology (Technikphilosophie). This field of philosophy came into being after the so-called empirical turn of “Science and Technology Studies.” While relevant scholars focus mainly (...)
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  11.  19
    Ceteris Paribus Laws.J. van Brakel - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):584-585.
  12.  66
    On the Conditions of Possibility for Comparative and Intercultural Philosophy.Lin Ma & Jaap Van Brakel - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (3):297-312.
    In this essay, we present a theory of intercultural philosophical dialogue and comparative philosophy, drawing on both hermeneutics and analytic philosophy. We advocate the approach of “de-essentialization” across the board. It is true that similarities and differences are always to be observed across languages and traditions, but there exist no immutable cores or essences. “De-essentialization” applies to all “levels” of concepts: everyday notions such as green and qing 青, philosophical concepts such as emotion(s) and qing 情, and philosophical categories such (...)
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  13. On the Inventors of XYZ.Jaap van Brakel - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):57-84.
    In this paper I try to make as much sense aspossible of, first, the extensive philosophicalliterature concerned with the status of `Wateris H2O' and, second, the implications ofPutnam's invention of Twin Earth, anotherpossible world stipulated to be just like Earth, except that water is XYZ, notH2O.
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  14.  67
    On the Neglect of the Philosophy of Chemistry.J. van Brakel - 1999 - Foundations of Chemistry 1 (2):111-174.
    In this paper I present a historiography of the recent emergence of philosophy of chemistry. Special attention is given to the interest in this domain in Eastern Europe before the collapse of the USSR. It is shown that the initial neglect of the philosophy of chemistry is due to the unanimous view in philosophy and philosophy of science that only physics is a proper science (to put in Kant's words). More recently, due to the common though incorrect assumption that chemistry (...)
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  15. The Ignis Fatuus of Semantic Universalia: The Case of Colour.J. van Brakel - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):770-783.
  16. Chemistry and Physics: No Need for Metaphysical Glue. [REVIEW]Jaap Van Brakel - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (2):123-136.
    Using the notorious bridge law “water is H 2 O” and the relation between molecular structure and quantum mechanics as examples, I argue that it doesn’t make sense to aim for specific definition(s) of intertheoretical or interdiscourse relation(s) between chemistry and physics (reduction, supervenience, what have you). Proposed definitions of interdiscourse and part-whole relations are interesting only if they provide insight in the variegated interconnected patchwork of theories and beliefs. There is “automatically” some sort of interdiscourse relation if different discourses (...)
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  17.  49
    Pragmatic Identity of Meaning and Metaphor.J. van Brakel & J. P. M. Geurts - 1988 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 2 (2):205 – 226.
  18.  3
    Fundamentals of Comparative and Intercultural Philosophy.Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel - 2016 - Albany.
    Discusses the conditions of possibility for intercultural and comparative philosophy, and for crosscultural communication at large. This innovative book explores the preconditions necessary for intercultural and comparative philosophy. Philosophical practices that involve at least two different traditions with no common heritage and whose languages have very different grammatical structure, such as Indo-Germanic languages and classical Chinese, are a particular focus. Lin Ma and Jaap van Brakel look at the necessary and not-so-necessary conditions of possibility of interpretation, comparison, and other forms (...)
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  19.  15
    The Nature of Chemical Substances.Jaap Van Brakel - 2000 - In Nalini Bhushan & Stuart Rosenfeld (eds.), Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry. New York: Oxford University Press.
  20.  20
    Revisiting Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance and Colour.Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel - 2016 - Philosophical Investigations 39 (3):254-280.
    © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd We argue that all general concepts are family resemblance concepts. These include concepts introduced by ostension, such as colour. Concepts of colour and of each of the specific colours are family resemblance concepts because similarities concerning an open-ended range of colour or of appearance features crop up and disappear. After discussing the notion of “same colour” and Wittgenstein's use of the phrase “our colours”, we suggest family resemblance concepts in one tradition can often (...)
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  21.  18
    On The Philosophy of Chemistry.J. van Brakel & H. Vermeeren - 1981 - Philosophy Research Archives 7:501-552.
    While in the research area known,as ’philosophy of science' there is a growing interest in separate disciplines of the empirical sciences, applied sciences and even technologies, one can find hardly any reference to the discipline of chemistry other than some preliminary discussions of chemical concepts or studies concerning the rational reconstruction of the history of chemistry. No analyses, which might be called 'philosophy of chemistry’ can be found to date. It is hoped that this review paper on what has been (...)
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  22. Natural Kinds and Manifest Forms of Life.J. Van Brakel - 1992 - Dialectica.
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  23.  5
    Substances: The Ontology of Chemistry.Jaap Van Brakel - 2012 - Philosophy of Chemistry 6:191 - 229.
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  24.  4
    Prehistory of the Philosophy of Chemistry.Jaap Van Brakel - 2012 - Philosophy of Chemistry 6:21 - 45.
    Throughout the history of philosophy, chemical concepts and theories have appeared in the work of philosophers, both as examples and as topics of discussion in their own right, and scientists themselves have often engaged with theoretical, conceptual, and methodological issues that fall within what one would now recognize as philosophy of chemistry. This chapter offers a summary of the history of philosophy of chemistry since Kant, alongside a critical examination of why chemistry has been relegated to the sidelines so frequently (...)
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  25.  30
    Interdiscourse or Supervenience Relations: The Primacy of the Manifest Image.Jaap van Brakel - 1996 - Synthese 106 (2):253-97.
    Amidst the progress being made in the various (sub-)disciplines of the behavioural and brain sciences a somewhat neglected subject is the problem of how everything fits into one world and, derivatively, how the relation between different levels of discourse should be understood and to what extent different levels, domains, approaches, or disciplines are autonomous or dependent. In this paper I critically review the most recent proposals to specify the nature of interdiscourse relations, focusing on the concept of supervenience. Ideally supervenience (...)
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  26.  22
    Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Chemistry.Jaap Van Brakel - 2014 - Hyle: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry 20 (1):11-57.
    In this paper I assess the relation between philosophy of chemistry and philosophy of science, focusing on those themes in the philosophy of chemistry that may bring about major revisions or extensions of current philosophy of science. Three themes can claim to make a unique contribution to philosophy of science: first, the variety of materials in the world; second, extending the world by making new stuff; and, third, specific features of the relations between chemistry and physics.
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  27.  3
    Kant's Legacy for the Philosophy of Chemistry.Jaap Van Brakel - 2006 - In Davis Baird, Eric Scerri & Lee McIntyre (eds.), Philosophy of chemistry: synthesis of a new discipline.
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  28. Heidegger's Comportment Toward East-West Dialogue.Lin Ma & Jaap Van Brakel - 2006 - Philosophy East and West 56 (4):519-566.
    The primary purpose here is to ascertain what Heidegger's comportment toward East-West dialogue is most plausibly like in the light of his philosophical concerns and orientations. Considering that one should not uncritically take at face value occasional remarks by Heidegger that seem to suggest that he is preparing an East-West dialogue, we will proceed from Heidegger's own path of thinking and bring to light fundamental presuppositions in his thought and the response he may accordingly give to the issue of East-West (...)
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  29.  94
    Can the World Help Us in Fixing the Reference of Natural Kind Terms?Igor Douven & Jaap Van Brakel - 1998 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (1):59 - 70.
    According to Putnam the reference of natural kind terms is fixed by the world, at least partly; whether two things belong to the same kind depends on whether they obey the same objective laws. We show that Putnam's criterion of substance identity only "works" if we read "objective laws" as "OBJECTIVE LAWS". Moreover, at least some of the laws of some of the special sciences have to be included. But what we consider to be good special sciences and what not (...)
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  30.  39
    The Limited Belief in Chance.J. Van Brakel - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (3):499-513.
    In a rarely quoted paper, published in 1958 in the American Journal of Physics, T. Ehrenfest-Afanassjewa introduced the idea that the concept of chance as employed in physics is subject to what she called a ‘Limited Belief in Chance’. In this paper I elaborate the latter concept and the distinction between absolute chance and relative randomness, where the latter, but not the former, is governed by the theory of probability. I argue that in the twentieth century virtually nobody believes seriously (...)
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  31.  57
    Meaning, Prototypes and the Future of Cognitive Science.Jaap van Brakel - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (3):233-57.
    In this paper I evaluate the soundness of the prototype paradigm, in particular its basic assumption that there are pan-human psychological essences or core meanings that refer to basic-level natural kinds, explaining why, on the whole, human communication and learning are successful. Instead I argue that there are no particular pan-human basic elements for thought, meaning and cognition, neither prototypes, nor otherwise. To illuminate my view I draw on examples from anthropology. More generally I argue that the prototype paradigm exemplifies (...)
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  32.  21
    A Theory of Interpretation for Comparative and Chinese Philosophy.Lin Ma & Jaap Van Brakel - 2016 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 15 (4):575-589.
    Why should interpretation of conceptual schemes and practices across traditions work at all? In this paper we present the following necessary conditions of possibility for interpretation in comparative and Chinese philosophy: the interpreter must presuppose that there are mutually recognizable human practices; the interpreter must presuppose that “the other” is, on the whole, sincere, consistent, and right; the interpreter must be committed to certain epistemic virtues. Some of these necessary conditions are consistent with the fact that interpretation is not thwarted (...)
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  33.  59
    Heidegger’s Thinking on the “Same” of Science and Technology.Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel - 2014 - Continental Philosophy Review 47 (1):19-43.
    In this article, we trace and elucidate Heidegger’s radical re-thinking on the relation between science and technology from about 1940 until 1976. A range of passages from the Gesamtausgabe seem to articulate a reversal of the primacy of science and technology in claiming that “Science is applied technology.” After delving into Heidegger’s reflection on the being of science and technology and their “coordination,” we show that such a claim is essentially grounded in Heidegger’s idea that “Science and technology are the (...)
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  34.  81
    Is Our Universe a Mere Fluke? The Cosmological Argument and Spinning the Universes.Jaap Van Brakel - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:75-82.
    Recent discussions about the anthropic principle and the argument from design can perhaps be summarized as follows : The world is very unusual, so it must have been made by an intelligent creator. The world is very unusual, but unusual things do occur by chance. Both and , in their ordinary interpretations, have been labelled probabilistic fallacies. In my paper I will discuss in particular the following two aspects: The contemporary relevance of Cicero's discussions on chance. The fact that any (...)
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  35. No Need to Speak the Same Language? Review of Ramberg, Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language.H. G. Callaway & J. van Brakel - 1996 - Dialectica, Vol. 50, No.1, 1996, Pp. 63-71 50 (1):63-72.
    The book is an “introductory” reconstruction of Davidson on interpretation —a claim to be taken with a grain of salt. Writing introductory books has become an idol of the tribe. This is a concise book and reflects much study. It has many virtues along with some flaws. Ramberg assembles themes and puzzles from Davidson into a more or less coherent viewpoint. A special virtue is the innovative treatment of incommensurability and of the relation of Davidson’s work to hermeneutic themes. The (...)
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  36. Natural Kinds and Theories of Reference.J. Van Brakel - 1992 - Dialectica 46 (3):243.
     
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  37.  12
    Heidegger on Zhuangzi and Uselessness: Illustrating Preconditions of Comparative Philosophy.Jaap Van Brakel - 2014 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 41 (3-4):387-406.
    In this article, I look at those passages in the Zhuangzi usually associated with “uselessness.” I discuss in what way these passages may have been suggestive to Martin Heidegger to explain his ideas of the necessity of the other thinking and of the “waiting people” being entirely unusable to others. Then I make some brief comments concerning basic conditions of interpretation, using examples taken from the Zhuangzi passages discussed. These conditions include family resemblance across the board, a principle of agreement, (...)
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  38.  23
    The Analysis of Sensations as the Foundation of All Sciences.J. van Brakel - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):163-164.
  39.  15
    The Ethnocentricity of Colour.J. van Brakel - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):53-54.
  40. Operational Identity of Meaning, Metaphor and Religious Discourse in Metaphor and Analogy.J. P. M. Geurts, A. W. M. Meijers & J. van Brakel - 1989 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 22 (1):39-45.
     
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  41. Arguments against quotation-mark-names.J. Van Brakel - 1986 - Logique Et Analyse 29 (15):275.
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  42. C.S. Peirce, Categories to Constantinople. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Peirce, Leuven 1997.Jaap van Brakel & Michael van Heerden - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):177-177.
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  43. C. S. Peirce: Categories to Constantinople — Proceedings of the International Symposium on Peirce.Jaap van Brakel & Michael van Heerden - 2000 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 36 (1):187-192.
     
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  44. C. S. Peirce: Categories to Constantinople - Proceedings of the International Symposium on Peirce, Leuven 1997 (Louvain Philosophical Studies).Jaap Van Brakel & Michael van Heerden (eds.) - 1998
     
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  45. De Wetenschappen Filosofische Kanttekeningen.J. van Brakel - 1998
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  46. First Contacts and the Common Behavior of Human Beings.Jaap Van Brakel - 2005 - International Studies in Philosophy 37 (4):105-135.
    In this paper my aim is to shed light on the common behavior of human beings by looking at '' first contacts '': the situation where people with unshared histories first meet. The limits of the human life form are given by what is similar in the common behavior of human beings. But what is similar should not be understood as something that is biologically or psychologically or transcendentally shared by all human beings. What is similar is what human beings (...)
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  47. Filosofie van de Wetenschappen.J. van Brakel & J. T. van den Brink - 1988
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  48. Filosofie van de wetenschappen.J. van Brakel & J. van den Brink - 1990 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 52 (3):556-556.
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  49. Interculturele communicatie en multiculturalisme, Enige filosofische voorbemerkingen.Jaap van Brakel - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (3):621-623.
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  50. Putnams pragmatisch realisme Le réalisme pragmatique de Putnam.J. van Brakel - 1988 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 80 (2):103-114.
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