Results for 'J. V. M.'

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  1. Spinoza's authorship of "Stelkonstige Reeckening van den Regenboog and of Reeckening van Kanssen once more doubtful".J. J. V. M. De Vet - 1986 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 2:267-312.
     
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  2. Moral distress in nursing practice in Malawi.V. M. Maluwa, J. Andre, P. Ndebele & E. Chilemba - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (2):196-207.
    The aim of this study was to explore the existence of moral distress among nurses in Lilongwe District of Malawi. Qualitative research was conducted in selected health institutions of Lilongwe District in Malawi to assess knowledge and causes of moral distress among nurses and coping mechanisms and sources of support that are used by morally distressed nurses. Data were collected from a purposive sample of 20 nurses through in-depth interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Thematic analysis of qualitative data was (...)
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  3. Working with Concepts: The Role of Community in International Collaborative Biomedical Research.V. M. Marsh, D. K. Kamuya, M. J. Parker & C. S. Molyneux - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (1):26-39.
    The importance of communities in strengthening the ethics of international collaborative research is increasingly highlighted, but there has been much debate about the meaning of the term ‘community’ and its specific normative contribution. We argue that ‘community’ is a contingent concept that plays an important normative role in research through the existence of morally significant interplay between notions of community and individuality. We draw on experience of community engagement in rural Kenya to illustrate two aspects of this interplay: (i) that (...)
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  4. Index of Authors of Volume 7.V. M. Abrusci, G. Attardi, D. Basin, R. Booth, T. Borghuis, S. Buvac, M. Cadoli, J. Cantwell, H. de Nivelle & M. Dymetman - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 7 (507):507.
     
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  5.  13
    Aus den Vorlesungen der Jahre 1762 bis 1764: Auf Grund der Nachschriften. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):152-152.
    Herder spent two years studying at the University of Königsberg and attended four courses taught by Kant, who at the time had just published his first really important philosophical writing on the "Only Possible Proof of the Demonstration of God's Existence." Herder's notes are probably the only ones preserved from any lecture by Kant in that decade. The texts on logic and mathematics are short and insignificant. The pages on metaphysics are devoted to mostly psychological inquiries. Herder's notes are most (...)
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  6. Perspectives on socially shared cognition.J. V. Wertsch, L. B. Resnick, J. M. Levine & S. D. Teasley - 1991 - In Lauren Resnick, Levine B., M. John, Stephanie Teasley & D. (eds.), Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition. American Psychological Association.
     
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  7.  35
    Johann Georg Hamann und Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):370-371.
    This is a complicated and ingenious study of one of the famous friendships of German intellectual history. Miss Knoll's aim is not so much to analyze philosophical ideas as to find the major structural elements of this highly emotional literary friendship between Hamann and Jacobi. The book begins with a short review of Hegel's and Dilthey's treatment of the "subject," Hamann-Jacobi. The author objects to these treatments which, like practically all other students of the question viewed the letters from an (...)
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  8.  31
    La Philosophie de Jacob Boehme. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):573-573.
    This is a long-awaited reprint of the major work of the late Alexandre Koyré, one of the greatest masterpieces of the history of Western philosophy. The early nineteenth century saw a revival of Boehme studies but even the commentaries of Franz von Baader could not be substituted for a scholarly synthesis of Boehme's thought. Boehme is a universe of his own, and only the immense learning of a man like Koyré, with his rare ability to synthesize and clarify, could have (...)
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  9.  26
    Gott und das Denken nach Schellings Spätphilosophie. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (4):755-756.
    Author of a short study on Franz von Baader Klaus, Hemmerle presents us now with a longer study on the last philosophy of Schelling. The book sets out to be an exercise in Mitdenken. Instead of accumulating footnotes and going through the usual painstaking ways of a scholarly exegesis of texts, Hemmerle tries to think with Schelling, along the lines of Schelling's thought; and he does this a rather original way. Motivated by a genuine enthusiasm for Schelling, Hemmerle paraphrases and (...)
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  10.  26
    Ontologie oder Metaphysik. Die Diskussion über den Gegenstand der Metaphysik im 13. and 14. Jahrhundert. Texte und Untersuchungen. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):360-360.
    This is an ambitious venture into the thicket of medieval philosophy: what is the true object of metaphysics? The book begins with a number of texts, printed after various manuscripts through which the author hopes to illustrate the development of a certain chain of ideas. After a short introduction on the Aristotelian and Arabic sources of the whole problematics, there are three fundamental solutions of the question: God is one of the many subjects of metaphysics, God is the cause of (...)
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  11.  24
    Die transzendentale Methode in der scholastischen Philosophie der Gegenwart. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):373-373.
    Neo-scholasticism is supposed to be a "creative" development of the spirit of Thomism and its application to contemporary philosophical themes. Yet its partisans as well as its adversaries largely ignore the fact that many of the neo-scholastic thinkers are increasingly applying the transcendental method to reach the major ideas of Aquinas. The thesis of the present book is that the "transcendental method," viewed in a large sense as stretching from Kant to Heidegger, is an integral part of the thought of (...)
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  12.  24
    Die Trinitäts- und Gotteslehre des Robert von Melun. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):160-160.
    Witnessing to the strong present-day interest in the formation of the great scholastic syntheses of the thirteenth century are the large number of studies devoted to the lesser thinkers of the preceding century. The English-born Robert of Melun is one of these so far largely neglected authors. Despite the edition of his major works in Louvain by R. M. Martin, little has been written on this gifted pupil of Abelard. Horst cuts a large and central piece out of Robert's "system": (...)
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  13.  23
    Hegel und der Staat. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):578-578.
    The present book is a reprint of a classical study of Hegel, the first important work marking the renewal of interest in Hegel initiated by Dilthey's Hegels Jugendgeschichte. Rosenzweig's monograph is a still unsurpassed treatment of Hegel's political and social philosophy: a monument of scholarship, of broad vision and patient analysis. Proceeding in chronological order, the first volume concludes with the Phenomenology of the Spirit. Especially interesting are the two long chapters dealing with the less-known yet quite voluminous literary production (...)
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  14.  23
    La mauvaise conscience. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):153-154.
    Professor Jankélévitch is one of the very few contemporary moral philosophers without any avowed extra-ethical affiliation. Written in the best tradition of classical French moral thought, penetrated by Neo-Platonic and Christian mysticism, the Russian novel, and French poetry, the present book is Jankélévitch's eleventh work devoted to ethical problems. It describes and analyzes, in a brilliantly rhetorical style, remorse and regret, compensation and consolation, and repentance and sanction, chiefly in the framework of the temporality of "bad conscience." The last section, (...)
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  15.  22
    Kirchberger et l'illuminisme du dix-huitième siècle. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):129-129.
    One of the movements sharply critical of the Enlightenment was illuminism. Weishaupt, Saint-Martin, Eckertshausen are little more than names today yet in their time they contributed to the birth of a new and rich intellectual world, that of Romanticism. Through the life of a well-to-do citizen of Berne, Kirchberger, we see the fortunes of the illuminists, their hopes, their doubts, their ultimately marginal destiny. The book begins with a careful historical account of the papers of Kirchberger followed by a description (...)
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  16.  21
    Die Anthropologie Bernhards von Clairvaux. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):160-160.
    This is an interesting theologically oriented study of Saint Bernard's teachings on man. The author tackles the central issue of Bernardian studies: was this holy monk a theologian or a philosopher, or both? Bernard's entire œuvre is penetrated by the questioning of the boundaries of natural and revealed knowledge, i.e., of philosophy and theology. The doctrine of man, that microcosmos in whom God was made flesh, is the best and the most likely ground on which to discuss the interconnection between (...)
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  17.  21
    Die Trinitätslehre G. W. F. Hegels. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):154-154.
    It seems to be more and more evident that the onto-theological notion of the Trinity is at the center of Hegel's thought. Already strongly present in the Jugendschriften, sparingly though most forcefully treated in the Phenomenology, it comes really to the fore in the Encyclopedia and in the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion. Though none of the major commentators have avoided the issue, until recent years there had been only the short study of J. Hessen devoted to the problem. (...)
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  18.  19
    Die Grundlegung der Menschenwurde bei I. Kant: eine systematisch kritische Studie. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):153-153.
    Though in a slightly recalcitrant mood, continental Neo-Scholastic writers have been for many decades quite extensively dealing with Kant and the major "critical" problems. An interesting product of this preoccupation is Santeler's long study of the foundation of human dignity in Kant. The thesis of the author is that Kant rejected metaphysics, i.e., ontology, not so much because of the well-known classical theoretical and epistemological reasons but in order to formulate a more fundamental, more autonomous notion of human dignity. We (...)
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  19.  19
    Das Problem der Sprache bei Hegel. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):140-140.
    It was bound to happen that Hegel's thought, like that of so many other great philosophers, would be studied from the viewpoint of the question of language. The title is innocent and modest and it seems to promise a monograph on a particular topic. Instead, however, we are led through a number of major Hegelian themes, taken from the totality of his opus. There are chapters on transcendence and infiniteness, on praxis, on the figures of self-consciousness, on religion and the (...)
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  20.  31
    A Russian. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):149-149.
    This is a fine book on a heroic and noble figure of Russian political and intellectual history. Alexander Radishchev, descendant of Tartar princes, was a page at the court of Catherine the Great who sent him to Leipzig to complete his education. Imbued by the ideas of the 18th century in Germany and of the French enlightenment, Radishchev went back to his native Russia but could not reconcile himself to the horrible state of the Russian serfs. Thus he wrote a (...)
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  21.  18
    Die Idee der Transzendentalphilosophie beim jungen Schelling. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):150-150.
    This excellent short book has come only belatedly to our attention. Unlike the more recent work of J. Schlanger, Meier's aim is not to revise, even less to revolutionize, our understanding of the young Schelling. He is following the classical interpretation--from Hegel to Kroner--that already the early Schelling displayed unmistakable signs of an ontological dogmatism. Indeed, with the exception of the ethical inspiration of the celebrated Letters on Dogmatism and Criticism and the gnoseological investigations of the Treatises, the early Schelling (...)
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  22.  18
    Deutsche mystische Schriften. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):355-356.
    Neither the speculative depth of Meister Eckhart nor the willpower and inner drive of Tauler are to be found in the writings of the third great mystic of fourteenth-century Rhineland, Henry Seuse. But we might well be compensated by authenticity of the description of the spiritual experience. This is not an edition for scholars and does not even try to resurrect the so savagely fought for issue on the authorship of Seuse's autobiography. We have here a major document of spiritual (...)
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  23.  18
    Ecclesia Spiritualis. Kirchenidee und Ceschichtstheologie der Eranziskanischen Reformation. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):563-564.
    Benz is a most prolific writer on the history of speculative theology and theosophy and he is especially well-known for his studies on Oetinger and Swedenborg, but at the beginning of his long career he devoted several books to earlier doctrinal developments. There have been many other serious attempts at a comprehensive exposition of the evolution of the different branches of Franciscan theology but the present one is especially interesting because of its strong speculative foundations. Although speculative, these foundations do (...)
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  24.  18
    Origène et la Philosophie. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):155-155.
    The present book is an interesting essay on Origen's place in the history of Western thought, or better, about the question whether he was a philosopher at all, and if so, in what sense. Because of his intense speculative drive and his wide learning in Neoplatonic thought Origen has been considered to be the "most philosophical" of the Greek Fathers. Such a view very often entails the attempt at "reorganizing" his thought as systematic philosophical reflection. The author's final thesis is (...)
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  25.  17
    Die Abkehr vom Nichtrealen. Nur Dinge sind vorstellbar und können existieren. Briefe und Abhandlungen aus dem Nachlass. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):120-121.
    One of the most significant theories of the late Brentano is that only the real can be represented, while of the so-called non-real we can formulate no authentic concepts but only fictions of language. This doctrine has not been fully comprehended by some of the best students of Brentano's thought, although others have called it "the Copernican turning-point" of his philosophy. The present selection of texts is intended to clarify and expound the controversial theory. Ninety-one letters exchanged between Brentano, Marty, (...)
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  26.  17
    Hegel und das Ende der Geschichte. Interpretationen zur Phänomenologie des Geistes. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):350-351.
    Hegel's philosophy of history used to be interpreted mainly in terms of what it is supposed to say about the direction and the end of history, yet the central historical category is, after all, the present, "the spiritual midday." True historicity is in the concrete moment--and this is the thesis that so many commentators of the Phenomenology of the Spirit neglect to emphasize. Hence, after a dutiful examination of the concept of history in this first major work of the philosopher, (...)
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  27.  16
    Metafisica e revelazione nella filosofia positiva di Schelling. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):747-747.
    It becomes increasingly difficult to keep up with studies of Schelling, or more generally of the history of German Idealism, without being conversant with the rapidly growing Italian literature in this field. This book appears twenty-five years after that of Horst Furrmans, and ten years after that of Walter Schulz—the two major studies to date of Schelling's later philosophy. Although Bausola's study does not display the depth and extent of scholarly penetration to be found in Furrmans or Schulz, neither does (...)
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  28.  15
    Mérleg. Digest in Hungarian. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):142-143.
    Mérleg is an interesting quarterly selection of articles of general interest translated from the major Western languages into Hungarian. It is a Catholic publication for a general intellectual public and it contains besides the longer studies review articles, reviews, interviews and also short summaries. The most important articles of the two issues we are reviewing: A. Greeley, "The Sacred and the Psychedelic"; A. Plé, "The affective life of the consecrated celibate"; K. Franke, "Apology for the protection of the unborn life"; (...)
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  29.  14
    Die Grundsätzliche Beurteilung der Religionsgeschichte durch Schleiermacher. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):360-360.
    One of the most interesting and difficult tasks of contemporary theological reflection is the elaboration of a verifiable theology. The subject is as old as theology itself, and the contemporaries of Schleiermacher, like Hegel and Schelling, devoted immense industry and ingenuity to a speculative study of the history of religions. Yet the idealist's philosophical approach could not satisfy Schleiermacher whose very point of departure is the autonomous category of the religious. His peculiar approach to the different positive religions, their necessity (...)
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  30.  14
    Die Metaphysik Goethes. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):553-553.
    This volume is the reprint of perhaps the best study of Goethe's philosophy. Its importance lies in its method. Instead of trying only to collect material pertaining to traditional, philosophical problems, it makes a deep-reaching attempt to grasp and to extricate the metaphysical foundations and basic themes of Goethe's Weltanschauung. There is a thoroughgoing analysis of his "morphological" method and excellent, long passages on his magnificent studies of the life and the structure of plants. The culmination of the whole work (...)
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  31.  14
    Das Paulus-Bild in der neueren deutschen Forschung. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):764-764.
    This big book is a welcome collection of some of the most important theological studies on St. Paul written by German scholars of this century. Some of the authors are among the greatest names of modern exegetical science and the present selection enables the reader to have access to a wide range of first-rate, often classical, accounts of Paulinian research, without being forced to go through the back-issues of German theological journals. Besides the classical studies, written for encyclopedical purposes, by (...)
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  32.  14
    Die Vernunft und das Problem des Bösen im Rahmen der Platonischen Ethik und Metaphysik. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):542-542.
    A well-documented, thorough but not imaginative study of the Dialogues. The writer is trying to establish definite proofs for the classical thesis, namely that for Plato evil is the material and good is the rational. After a very short introduction we see most of the dialogues analyzed in chronological order. Three periods are distinguished in the development of Platonic views on reason and evil: Early dialogues : insistence on the opposition between pleasure and the affections on the one hand and (...)
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  33.  14
    L'analyse du langage théologique. Le nom de Dieu and Débats sur le langage théologique. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):761-761.
    Castelli has again managed to bring together in Rome some of the greatest specialists of mythology, biblical exegesis, of the different branches of linguistics, with a generous sprinkling of philosophers, theologians, and historians. From the very large number of contributions, especially important are E. Benveniste: Blasphemy and euphemy; K. Kerényi: The language of theology and the theology of language; D. McKinnon: The problem of "the system of projection" in reference to the Christian theological affirmations; R. Panikkar: Silence and word, The (...)
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  34.  12
    Die Heilsgeschichte bei Meister Eckhart. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):563-563.
    Eckhart is usually treated from the viewpoints of philosophy or speculative mysticism. Weiss is a theologian and his well-documented, heavily-footnoted study on salvation history in Meister Eckhart is a departure from this tradition. Without any claim to revolutionize our Eckhart-image he explores the themes of original sin, Incarnation, Passion and the glorification of Christ, the Church and the sacraments. All these themes of positive theology unfold in the context of the respective patristic and scholastic doctrines. The very meagerness of Eckhart's (...)
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  35.  12
    Erkenntnis der Existenz: Grundlinien einer philosophischen Systematik. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):547-548.
    Karl Barth's younger brother died shortly before the publication of this monumental work, the crowning piece of his long philosophical career. Since Sein und Zeit and L'Etre et le Néant the present book has been the first real "treatise" in what now we might call "the existentialistic tradition." Such a short notice cannot even hope to enumerate the major themes of this huge volume. This is a truly significant work covering most of the themes that attract a passionate concern for (...)
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  36.  11
    Hamanns, Johann Georg: Hauptschriften Erklärt. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):740-740.
    Though Joseph Nadler published the definitive, critical edition of Hamanns' complete works, the hermetic character of these texts warrants only too strongly a publication of at least the major texts with commentaries. The annotated edition is planned to comprise eight volumes. From the viewpoint of the history of ideas, Vol. IV is undoubtedly the most interesting, since it contains the important texts on the origin of language. These were directly provoked by Herder's famous Abhandlung über den Ursprung der Sprache; "the (...)
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  37.  17
    Altdeutsche und Altniederländische Mystik. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):361-361.
    There has been a most deserving movement in the last years to unite in one volume the most important scholarly articles written on the same topic yet published in different learned journals. The present volume is devoted to the problems of medieval German and Dutch mysticism from its beginnings to The Imitation of Christ. The selection is interesting and varied yet a certain technical narrowness pervades the whole volume. Instead of sharing the pages somewhat equally between philological and philosophico-theological articles, (...)
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  38.  10
    Kultur und Religion der Germanen. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):720-720.
    The present book is a reprint of the great Danish historian's fundamental study. Though the immense œuvre of Grönbech spreads over a wide variety of fields—mystics of India and Europe, Blake, Goethe, Dostoyevski, Jesus and the first Christian community, Greek religion and culture, and the philosophy of language—the two volumes of the culture and religion of the Germans belong to his most important achievements. The first part treats the great "ideas" of the early Germans: peace, honor, the soul, death, and (...)
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  39.  10
    Ontologie et théologie chez Avicenne. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):538-538.
    This book is a rather mediocre and unimaginative summary of the major themes of Avicenna's metaphysics. Chahine makes the attempt to situate him against the background of antique and medieval philosophy, but the ideas themselves are never given a contextual treatment. One does not see what was truly original and significant in Avicenna's philosophy; one is left frustrated by the succession of scholastic lieux communs and only seldom gratified by a beautiful quote. There is a certain amount of information on (...)
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  40. Johann Georg Hamann: Philosophy and Faith. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):123-123.
    Hamann is one of the greatest religious writers of the eighteenth century in Germany. He is the person whom Schelling, Hegel, and Kierkegaard admired, read, and quoted. This book treats the major themes and insights of Hamann. Texts of Hamann are represented by a large number of quotations. Hamann never wrote a systematic treatise; he wrote short, devastating, illuminating essays and criticisms, as well as letters. Especially interesting are the chapters dealing with Hamann's criticism of contemporary philosophy, and his views (...)
     
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  41.  33
    Versuch einer neuen Theorie des menschlichen Vorstellungsvermögens. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):374-375.
    The present reprint of Reinhold's principal work is a great service to anybody undertaking a genetic study of the evolution of Fichte's Wissenschaftslehre from Kant's Critique. Reinhold was by no means an original and creative mind. His major importance lies in his systematic formulation of some central problems in the Kantian philosophy in an attempt to overcome the latter's major weakness: the rigid separation of the knowing faculties from each other. But the unified "faculty of representation" proposed by Reinhold shifted (...)
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  42.  9
    Das Absolute in der Geschichte: Philosophie und Theologie der Geschichte in der Spatphilosophie Schellings. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):572-573.
    Even though the last decade has seen more original and significant work on Fichte, the flow of studies on his rival and "successor," Schelling, seems to continue uninterrupted. Beyond so many short and often quite modest writings, Kasper's huge book is towering, and not only because of its size. Kasper, like Horst Fuhrmans to whom he seems to be the most indebted and who is not in Schelling studies, is a Roman Catholic theologian who commands an immense and impressive knowledge (...)
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  43.  9
    Franz von Baaders Philosophischer Gedanke der Schöpfung. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):721-722.
    Goethe said that he had a high opinion of Franz von Baader, but unfortunately he could not understand what the Bavarian thinker wrote. Despite the efforts of Franz Hoffmann in the last century and of Eugene Susini in our days, Baader remained a closed book, even though his complete works have been recently reprinted. The extraordinary interest of Baader's oeuvre lies in his complex historical position: though he belongs to the world of speculative idealism, this Catholic thinker fundamentally rejects its (...)
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  44.  9
    La liberté humaine dans la philosophie de Fichte. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):728-729.
    After the monumental works of Xavier Leon and Martial Guéroult, the French have again produced a significant piece of Fichte-interpretation. The author advances two radically new theses: Fichte's philosophy is above all centered around the deduction of the other, and even objectivity as such is based upon inter-subjectivity. The Doctrine of Science, instead of being the foundation of an absolute idealism, teaches that the only knowledge which can be had is empirical knowledge, and all logic is rooted in time. Philonenko (...)
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  45.  9
    Mythe et foi. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):742-742.
    A highly interesting collection of lectures on the central themes of contemporary philosophy and theology in the European tradition. Out of twenty-seven fascinating titles a few especially interesting ones are: Heinrich Ott, "The Structure of the Act of Faith," Karl Kerényi, "The Myth of Faith," Antoine Vergote, "Myth, Belief, and Theological Faith," Henri Bouillard, "To Believe and to Understand," Geo Widengren, "Myth and Faith in the Light of Religious Phenomenology," Giulio Girardi, "Demythisation and Atheism," René Marlé, "Is the Christian Faith (...)
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  46. F. H. Jacobi: Dall'illuminismo all'idealismo. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):551-551.
    The great value of this book does not lie in any new discovery but in its being the most comprehensive monograph to date on the major ideas of Jacobi's thinking as well as on the relationship of the "philosopher of faith" to the leading German thinkers of his time. The first chapters are devoted to a subtle analysis—focussing mainly on his novels—of the moral aspirations underlying his philosophical oeuvre. The next major theme is the well-known polemics with M. Mendelssohn on (...)
     
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  47.  29
    Schleiermachers Christliche Sittenlehre im Zusammenhang seines philosophisch-theologischen Systems. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):124-124.
    After some decades of eclipse, the thought of Schleiermacher has again become the subject of an ever growing number of studies and specialized monographs. The present one deals with one of his principal yet somewhat neglected works, his Christian Ethics. After some discussion of the history of the influence and of the interpretation of the treatise, Birkner analyzes the systematic presuppositions of its teaching within the framework of Schleiermacher's entire doctrine. The author then undertakes the treatment of its major themes. (...)
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  48.  8
    Die antike Dialektik in der Spätphilosophie Schellings: Ein Beitrag zur Kritik des Hegelschen Systems. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):135-136.
    At the beginning of the first version of the Ages of the World Schelling invoked Plato's protection against the criticism he was expecting from his contemporaries. More than forty years later, in his last system, Aristotle had become the most quoted of his predecessors. The way from Plato to Aristotle and the parallels drawn between "the philosopher" and Kant are among the best parts of the book. Hegel is almost as much studied by Oeser as Schelling. After all, the subtitle (...)
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  49.  8
    Lessing and the Enlightenment: His Philosophy of Religion and its Relation to Eighteenth Century Thought. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):123-123.
    This is an articulate and intelligent book on the greatest German thinker of the period between Leibniz and Kant. Lessing's position had been a rather complex one. Irritated by the flatness of the Aufklärung and its deism yet opposed to the historical claims of Christianity, he attempted to elaborate a philosophy of history in which the tenets of historical religion would receive their just appreciation. The author of the present book is extremely well versed in the philosophical and theological context (...)
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  50. Le bonheur: principe et fin de la morale aristotélicienne. [REVIEW]J. V. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):550-551.
    The emphasis is on extensive textual analysis, concentrated mainly on the Nicomachean Ethics, but making a very generous use of all other writings of the Stagirite. After a long and interesting introduction on Aristotle's method in ethical investigations and on the evolution of his moral philosophy, comes a comprehensive treatment of his theory of happiness: happiness in general, happiness as virtue, happiness and the moral order, the realization of happiness in the practice of wisdom. If the book has a general (...)
     
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