Results for 'J. T. Reason'

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  1. Actions Not as Planned: The Price of Automatization.J. T. Reason - 1979 - In Geoffrey Underwood & Robin Stevens (eds.), Aspects of Consciousness. Academic Press. pp. 1--67.
     
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  2.  37
    Reasonableness in Morals.J. T. Stevenson - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):95-107.
    Underlying many of our uneasy debates about the social and moral responsibilities of professionals is a form of scepticism about the role of reason in morals. This claim is illustrated by examples drawn from both the pure-knowledge and applied-knowledge professionals. Hume's sceptical views about the role of reason in our knowledge of matters of fact and in morals are critically examined. An alternative theory of reasonableness that combines elements of foundationalism and coherentism, cognitivism and emotivism, and that emphasizes (...)
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  3. WHITTAKER, T. -Reason[REVIEW]J. Laird - 1935 - Mind 44:250.
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  4.  16
    Education and the Development of Reason[REVIEW]T. K. J. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):122-123.
    This collection of essays reveals the natural coincidence of the interests of contemporary analytic philosophers with the central concepts of a philosophy of education which extends its focus to education in its most advanced stages—"higher" education and the development of rationality. It is against this sort of background that the discussion of the notions of creativity, socialization, believing and knowing, critical thinking, emotion and desire, virtue and duty, is set forth. At the hands of contributors who are among the leading (...)
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  5.  12
    The Primal Framework II: Smoothness.J. T. Baldwin & S. Shelah - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 55 (1):1-34.
    Let be a class of models with a notion of ‘strong’ submodel and of canonically prime model over an increasing chain. We show under appropriate set-theoretic hypotheses that if K is not smooth , then K has many models in certain cardinalities. On the other hand, if K is smooth, we show that in reasonable cardinalities K has a unique homogeneous-universal model. In this situation we introduce the notion of type and prove the equivalence of saturated with homogeneous-universal.
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  6. The Will to Power. [REVIEW]T. J. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):558-558.
    A mammoth labor, this work offers us for the first time in a definitive English edition those notes grouped together and published in 1901 by Nietzsche's sister under the title, Der Wille zur Macht. In his Introduction Kaufmann disputes with good reason Karl Schlechta's claim that "The Will to Power contains nothing new, nothing that could surprise anyone who knows everything Nietzsche published." There are many new things in this work—of particular interest are the discussion of European nihilism in (...)
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  7.  45
    The Formal Beauty of the Hercvles Fvrens.J. T. Sheppard - 1916 - Classical Quarterly 10 (02):72-.
    Many critics have condemned, some have defended, Euripides for composing a play ‘altogether wanting in the satisfaction which nothing but a unity of ideas could produce.’ It helps us little to marvel, with Paley, at the ‘obtuseness of critics who forsooth prefer “unity of ideas” to profoundly moving incidents, etc.,’ though it may be admitted that Paley has detected part of the truth when he calls attention to the importance of the fact that Athens is, throughout the play, the only (...)
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  8.  41
    The Will to Power. [REVIEW]T. J. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):558-558.
    A mammoth labor, this work offers us for the first time in a definitive English edition those notes grouped together and published in 1901 by Nietzsche's sister under the title, Der Wille zur Macht. In his Introduction Kaufmann disputes with good reason Karl Schlechta's claim that "The Will to Power contains nothing new, nothing that could surprise anyone who knows everything Nietzsche published." There are many new things in this work—of particular interest are the discussion of European nihilism in (...)
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  9.  22
    Hume’s Moral Epistemology. [REVIEW]T. K. J. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (4):677-677.
    A commentary on the arguments whereby Hume endeavored to delimit the role of reason in morality. Harrison’s procedure is largely one of logical analysis: he identifies individual arguments, examines inferences, asks whether there are reasons to believe premises. Throughout, he displays a balanced, appreciative approach, and when obliged to draw attention to Hume’s mistakes, he does so only reluctantly. Over half of the book is taken up in a careful examination of the text which, in terms of clarity and (...)
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  10. Language and Ontological Emergence.J. T. M. Miller - 2017 - Philosophica 91 (1):105-143.
    Providing empirically supportable instances of ontological emergence is notoriously difficult. Typically, the literature has focused on two possible sources. The first is the mind and consciousness; the second is within physics, and more specifically certain quantum effects. In this paper, I wish to suggest that the literature has overlooked a further possible instance of emergence, taken from the special science of linguistics. In particular, I will focus on the property of truth-evaluability, taken to be a property of sentences as created (...)
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  11. Parents' Rights.J. T. Thornton - 1987 - Dissertation, Rice University
    This study provides a moral justification of the family as a child-bearing and child-rearing institution by arguing that procreation may entitle parents to their children. It begins by observing that the belief that parents have such a right is deeply ingrained in the laws and customs of Western civilization but that at present we have no satisfactory theoretical explanation of this belief; and it further underscores the need for such an explanation by pointing to the conflict between a commitment to (...)
     
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  12.  20
    Essay Review: Multiple Perspectives: The Seventeenth Century Scientific Revolution Then and Now: Reason, Experiment, and Mysticism in the Scientific RevolutionReason, Experiment, and Mysticism in the Scientific Revolution. Edited by BonelliM. L. Righini and SheaWilliam R. . Pp. 320. $20.00.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1977 - History of Science 15 (4):273-286.
  13.  22
    Pluralism as Dogmatism.W. J. T. Mitchell - 1986 - Critical Inquiry 12 (3):494-502.
    It may seem a bit perverse to argue that pluralism is a kind of dogmatism, since pluralists invariably define themselves as antidogmatists. Indeed, the world would seem to be so well supplied with overt dogmatists—religious fanatics, militant revolutionaries, political and domestic tyrants—that it will probably seem unfair to suggest that the proponents of liberal, tolerant, civilized open-mindedness are guilty of a covert dogmatism. My only excuse for engaging in this exercise is that it may help to shake up some rather (...)
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  14.  3
    Counting People and Making People Count.Jessica J. T. Fischer - 2021 - Philosophy 96 (2):229-252.
    Common-sense morality seems to tell us that a rescuer who can save either one individual or five other individuals from death has a duty to save the greater number. But contractualism, a moral theory on which principles must be justifiable to individuals, seems to imply that it is permissible to save the one. This is because a commitment to individual justification blocks the possibility of appealing to the aggregate amount of lives saved. Does contractualism really have this implication? If so, (...)
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  15.  49
    "Ut Pictura Theoria": Abstract Painting and the Repression of Language.W. J. T. Mitchell - 1989 - Critical Inquiry 15 (2):348-371.
    This may be an especially favorable moment in intellectual history to come to some understanding of notions like “abstraction” and “the abstract,” if only because these terms seem so clearly obsolete, even antiquated, at the present time. The obsolescence of abstraction is exemplified most vividly by its centrality in a period of cultural history that is widely perceived as being just behind us, the period of modernism, ranging roughly from the beginning of the twentieth century to the aftermath of the (...)
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  16. How Reason Almost Lost its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality.P. Erickson, J. L. Klein, L. Daston, R. Lemov, T. Sturm & M. D. Gordin - 2013 - University of Chicago Press: Chicago.
  17. Which Part of the Brain Does Imagination Come From?Nigel J. T. Thomas - unknown
    Not long ago, I received an email from a man who had been trying to get his seven-year-old son interested in science, and teach him a little bit about the workings of the brain. He had been showing his son one of those diagrams of a brain with various regions labeled as "speech center," vision center," and the like (something similar to this, I suppose), when the little boy suddenly asked, "Daddy, which part of the brain does imagination come from?". (...)
     
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  18.  16
    Defining Reasonable Patient Standard and Preference for Shared Decision Making Among Patients Undergoing Anaesthesia in Singapore.J. L. J. Yek, A. K. Y. Lee, J. A. D. Tan, G. Y. Lin, T. Thamotharampillai & H. R. Abdullah - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):6.
    A cross-sectional study to ascertain what the Singapore population would regard as material risk in the anaesthesia consent-taking process and identify demographic factors that predict patient preferences in medical decision-making to tailor a more patient-centered informed consent. A survey was performed involving patients 21 years old and above who attended the pre-operative evaluation clinic over a 1-month period in Singapore General Hospital. Questionnaires were administered to assess patients’ perception of material risks, by trained interviewers. Patients’ demographics were obtained. Mann–Whitney U (...)
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  19.  81
    Representational and Executive Selection Resources in ‘Theory of Mind’: Evidence From Compromised Belief-Desire Reasoning in Old Age.T. German & J. Hehman - 2006 - Cognition 101 (1):129-152.
  20.  80
    Dual Processes in Reasoning?P. C. Wason & J. S. T. B.. T. Evans - 1974 - Cognition 3 (2):141-154.
  21.  89
    A Stimulus to the Imagination: A Review of Questioning Consciousness: The Interplay of Imagery, Cognition and Emotion in the Human Brain by Ralph D. Ellis. [REVIEW]Nigel J. T. Thomas - 1997 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 3.
    Twentieth century philosophy and psychology have been peculiarly averse to mental images. Throughout nearly two and a half millennia of philosophical wrangling, from Aristotle to Hume to Bergson, images (perceptual and quasi-perceptual experiences), sometimes under the alias of "ideas", were almost universally considered to be both the prime contents of consciousness, and the vehicles of cognition. The founding fathers of experimental psychology saw no reason to dissent from this view, it was commonsensical, and true to the lived experience of (...)
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  22.  2
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Participant Skepticism: If You Can't Beat It, Model It.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. R. M. McKenzie & J. T. Wixted - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):424-424.
    For a variety of reasons, including the common use of deception in psychology experiments, participants often disbelieve experimenters' assertions about important task parameters. This can lead researchers to conclude incorrectly that participants are behaving non- normatively. The problem can be overcome by deriving and testing normative models that do not assume full belief in key task parameters. A real experimental example is discussed.
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  23.  11
    Language and Reasoning: A Study of Temporal Factors.J. StB. T. Evans & S. E. Newstead - 1977 - Cognition 5 (3):265-283.
  24.  6
    On the Problems of Interpreting Reasoning Data: Logical and Psychological Approaches.J. S. T. B.. T. Evans - 1972 - Cognition 1 (4):373-384.
  25.  17
    Reason, Passion, and Action: The Third Condition of the Voluntary.T. D. J. Chappell - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (273):453 - 459.
    1. ‘Reason is and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can pretend to no other office, but to serve and obey them.’ 2.3.3) Unfortunately, Hume uses ‘reason’ to mean ‘discovery of truth or falsehood‘ as well as discovery of logical relations. So suppose we avoid, as Hume I think does not, prejudging the question of how many ingredients are requisite for action, by separating these two claims out: A. Reason is and ought only (...)
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  26.  21
    J. L. Stocks: Reason and Intuition, and Other Essays. Pp. Xxii+259. London: Oxford University Press, 1939. Cloth, 12 S_. 6 _d[REVIEW]T. M. Knox - 1939 - The Classical Review 53 (04):146-.
  27. T. Penelhum and J. J. MacIntosh , The First Critique: Reflections on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason[REVIEW]R. Malter - 1971 - Kant Studien 62 (3):420.
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  28.  68
    Two Ways of Relating to (and Acting for) Reasons.Caroline T. Arruda & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (5):441-459.
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  29.  3
    Reason, Passion, and Action: The Third Condition of the Voluntary.T. D. J. Chappell - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (273):453-459.
    1. ‘Reason is and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can pretend to no other office, but to serve and obey them.’ 2.3.3) Unfortunately, Hume uses ‘reason’ to mean ‘discovery of truth or falsehood‘ as well as discovery of logical relations. So suppose we avoid, as Hume I think does not, prejudging the question of how many ingredients are requisite for action, by separating these two claims out:A. Reason is and ought only to (...)
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  30. Reflections on Conscious Reflection: Mechanisms of Impairment by Reasons Analysis.J. B. Halberstadt & T. Wilson - 2008 - In Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.), Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 548--565.
     
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  31. J. WILD, "The return to Reason".M. T. Antonelli - 1956 - Giornale di Metafisica 11 (4/6):770.
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  32.  10
    Reason and Argument by P. T. Geach.J. E. Tiles & Mary Tiles - 1977 - Philosophical Books 18 (2):86-86.
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  33. WELDON, T. D. -Kant's Critique of Pure Reason[REVIEW]H. J. Paton - 1959 - Mind 68:566.
  34.  58
    Hector-Neri Castañeda. Imperative Reasonings. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 21 No. 1 , Pp. 21–49. - B. A. O. Williams. Imperative Inference. I. Analysis , Vol. 23 Suppl. , Pp. 30–36. - P. T. Geach. Imperative Inference. II. Analysis , Vol. 23 Suppl. , Pp. 37–42. - Nicholas Rescher and John Robison. Can One Infer Commands From Commands?Analysis , Vol. 24 No. 5 , Pp. 176–179. - André Gombay. Imperative Inference and Disjunction. Analysis , Vol. 25 No. 3 , Pp. 58–62. - Lennart Åqvist. Choice-Offering and Alternative-Presenting Disjunctive Commands. Analysis , No. 5 , Pp. 182–184. - A. J. Kenny. Practical Inference. Analysis , Vol. 26 No. 3 , Pp. 65–75. - P. T. Geach. Dr. Kenny on Practical Inference. Analysis , Vol. 26 No. 3 , Pp. 76–79. - Yehoshua Bar-Hillel. Imperative Inference. Analysis , Vol. 26 No. 3 , Pp. 79–82. - André Gombay. What is Imperative Inference?Analysis , Vol. 27 No. 5 , Pp. 145–152. - R. M. Hare. Some Alleged Differences Between Imperatives and Indicat. [REVIEW]Jonathan Bennett - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):314-318.
  35.  11
    On Interpreting Reasoning Data — A Reply to Van Duyne.J. StB. T. Evans - 1974 - Cognition 3 (4):387-390.
  36.  29
    : Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St B. T. Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175-195.
  37. On the Rationality of Evidentiary Reasoning: A Model.T. Klami, Marja Rahikainen & J. Sorvetulla - 1988 - Rechtstheorie 19 (3):368-378.
     
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  38. G. Allwein and J. Barwise (Eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams.T. Hailperin - 1996 - History and Philosophy of Logic 17:169-169.
  39. Pp. 462-63. Susan Moller Okin Suggests That One Reasonable Interpretation of Rawls's PL is That It Requires That the Family Be Internally Subject to the Two Principles of Justice. So, Under This Interpretation, Patriarchal Family Forms Might Be Disallowed by Rawls's Theory. See Okin," Political Liberalism, Justice and Gender,".T. O. J. Rawls - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 105--23.
     
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  40.  13
    “I Don't Like That, It's Tricking People Too Much…”: Acute Informed Consent to Participation in a Trial of Thrombolysis for Stroke.M. Mangset, R. Førde, J. Nessa, E. Berge & T. Bruun Wyller - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):751-756.
    Background: Informed consent is regarded as a contract between autonomous and equal parties and requires the elements of information disclosure, understanding, voluntariness and consent. The validity of informed consent for critically ill patients has been questioned. Little is known about how these patients experience the process of consent.Objective: The aim of this study was to explore critically ill patients’ experience with the principle of informed consent in a clinical trial and their ability to give valid informed consent.Design: 11 stroke patients (...)
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  41. The Evidence of Reason in Proof of the Immortality of the Soul Independent on the More Abstruse Inquiry Into the Nature of Matter and Spirit.Andrew Baxter, J. Duncan & T. Cadell - 1779 - Printed for T. Cadell, in the Strand.
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  42.  34
    Reason and the Heart: A Prolegomenon to a Critique of Passional Reason.William J. Wainwright - 1995 - Cornell University Press.
    Between the opposing claims of reason and religious subjectivity may be a middle ground, William J. Wainwright argues. His book is a philosophical reflection on the role of emotion in guiding reason. There is evidence, he contends, that reason functions properly only when informed by a rightly disposed heart. The idea of passional reason, so rarely discussed today, once dominated religious reflection, and Wainwright pursues it through the writings of three of its past proponents: Jonathan Edwards, (...)
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  43.  45
    Using Ethical Reasoning to Amplify the Reach and Resonance of Professional Codes of Conduct in Training Big Data Scientists.Rochelle E. Tractenberg, Andrew J. Russell, Gregory J. Morgan, Kevin T. FitzGerald, Jeff Collmann, Lee Vinsel, Michael Steinmann & Lisa M. Dolling - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1485-1507.
    The use of Big Data—however the term is defined—involves a wide array of issues and stakeholders, thereby increasing numbers of complex decisions around issues including data acquisition, use, and sharing. Big Data is becoming a significant component of practice in an ever-increasing range of disciplines; however, since it is not a coherent “discipline” itself, specific codes of conduct for Big Data users and researchers do not exist. While many institutions have created, or will create, training opportunities to prepare people to (...)
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  44.  19
    "I Don't Like That, It's Tricking People Too Much...": Acute Informed Consent to Participation in a Trial of Thrombolysis for Stroke.M. Mangset, R. Forde, J. Nessa, E. Berge & T. B. Wyller - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):751-756.
    Background: Informed consent is regarded as a contract between autonomous and equal parties and requires the elements of information disclosure, understanding, voluntariness and consent. The validity of informed consent for critically ill patients has been questioned. Little is known about how these patients experience the process of consent.Objective: The aim of this study was to explore critically ill patients’ experience with the principle of informed consent in a clinical trial and their ability to give valid informed consent.Design: 11 stroke patients (...)
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  45.  71
    Should We Bring Back the Passenger Pigeon? The Ethics of De-Extinction.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (1):1-14.
    Recent advances in synthetic biology have made it possible to revive extinct species of animals, a process known as ‘de-extinction’. This paper examines two reasons for supporting de-extinction: the potential for de-extinct species to play useful roles in ecosystems; and human valuing of certain de-extinct species. I focus on the particular case of passenger pigeons to argue that the most critical challenge for de-extinction is that it entails significant suffering for sentient individual animals. I also provide reasons to take existence (...)
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  46. Philosophy of Science in Practice: Nancy Cartwright and the Nature of Scientific Reasoning.H.-K. Chao, J. Reiss & S.-T. Chen (eds.) - forthcoming - Springer.
     
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  47.  85
    On Reasonable Nonbelief and Perfect Love: Replies to Henry and Lehe.J. L. Schellenberg - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (3):330-342.
    Some Christian philosophers wonder whether a God really would oppose reasonable nonbelief. Others think the answer to the problem of reasonable nonbelief is that there isn’t any. Between them, Douglas V. Henry and Robert T. Lehe cover all of this ground in their recent responses to my work on Divine hiddenness. Here I give my answers to their arguments.
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  48. Taxonomic Plan Reasoning.Premkumar T. Devanbu & Diane J. Litman - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 84 (1-2):1-35.
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  49.  3
    Healthcare Students Support Opt-Out Organ Donation for Practical and Moral Reasons.Long Qian, Miah T. Li, Kristen L. King, Syed Ali Husain, David J. Cohen & Sumit Mohan - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (8):522-529.
    Background and purpose Changes to deceased organ donation policy in the USA, including opt-out and priority systems, have been proposed to increase registration and donation rates. To study attitudes towards such policies, we surveyed healthcare students to assess support for opt-out and priority systems and reasons for support or opposition. Methods We investigated associations with supporting opt-out, including organ donation knowledge, altruism, trust in the healthcare system, prioritising autonomy and participants’ evaluation of the moral severity of incorrectly assuming consent in (...)
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  50.  57
    Supposition and Representation in Human Reasoning.Simon J. Handley & Jonathan StB. T. Evans - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):273-311.
    We report the results of three experiments designed to assess the role of suppositions in human reasoning. Theories of reasoning based on formal rules propose that the ability to make suppositions is central to deductive reasoning. Our first experiment compared two types of problem that could be solved by a suppositional strategy. Our results showed no difference in difficulty between problems requiring affirmative or negative suppositions and very low logical solution rates throughout. Further analysis of the error data showed a (...)
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