Results for 'J. Scott Isenberg'

996 found
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  1.  32
    Surgical research and the ethics of being first.J. Scott Isenberg - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (2):195-203.
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  2.  28
    Retraction Note to: Surgical Research and the Ethics of Being First. [REVIEW]J. Scott Isenberg - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (1):171-171.
    Retraction Note to: J Value Inquiry (2003) 37:195–203 DOI 10.1023/A:1025328510953This article has been retracted by the author as it was a duplication of the article "Surgical Research and the Ethics of Being First" by Isenberg JS which was published in the “Journal of the Philosophy of Surgery and Medicine” 2002; 1: 45–54.
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  3.  66
    Introduction to Higher Order Categorical Logic.J. Lambek & P. J. Scott - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (3):1113-1114.
  4.  26
    Assessing the Psychological Impact of Genetic Susceptibility Testing.J. Scott Roberts - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (S1):38-43.
    The expanded use of genetic testing raises key ethical and policy questions about possible benefits and harms for those receiving disease‐risk information. As predictive testing for Huntington’s was initiated in a clinical setting, survey research posing hypothetical test scenarios suggested that the vast majority of at‐risk relatives wanted to know whether they carried a disease‐causing mutation. However, only a small minority ultimately availed themselves of this opportunity. Many at‐risk individuals concluded that a positive test result would be too psychologically overwhelming. (...)
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  5.  45
    Barriers to scientific contributions: The author's formula.J. Scott Armstrong - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):197-199.
  6. Extended phenotypes and extended organisms.J. Scott Turner - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):327-352.
    Phenotype, whether conventional or extended, is defined as a reflectionof an underlying genotype. Adaptation and the natural selection thatfollows from it depends upon a progressively harmonious fit betweenphenotype and environment. There is in Richard Dawkins' notion ofthe extended phenotype a paradox that seems to undercut conventionalviews of adaptation, natural selection and adaptation. In a nutshell, ifthe phenotype includes an organism's environment, how then can theorganism adapt to itself? The paradox is resolvable through aphysiological, as opposed to a genetic, theory of (...)
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  7.  9
    From Scarcity to Visibility: Gender Differences in the Careers of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers.J. Scott Long - 2001 - National Academies Press.
    Although women have made important inroads in science and engineering since the early 1970s, their progress in these fields has stalled over the past several years. This study looks at women in science and engineering careers in the 1970s and 1980s, documenting differences in career outcomes between men and women and between women of different races and ethnic backgrounds. The panel presents what is known about the following questions and explores their policy implications: In what sectors are female Ph.D.s employed? (...)
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  8.  84
    Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation.J. Scott Armstrong - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):63-84.
    This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings that conflict with current beliefs are often judged to have defects. Editors can use procedures to encourage the publication of papers with innovative findings such as invited papers, (...)
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  9.  24
    Bribery and Its Ethical Implications for Aid Workers in the Developing World.J. Scott Remer - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):227-241.
    Bribery is a complicated, multi-dimensional issue. Upon first glance, most westerners would immediately condemn it as an underhanded, unfair means of gaining an advantage in a competitive or legal situation, and so it is in virtually every case in the westernized world. However, the issue becomes much more complicated in the international context, particularly in developing nations, where giving and accepting bribes is often normal and expected. This paper serves to inform ethical decision-making in situations where the “right choice” is (...)
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  10. Consciousness as a contextually emergent property of self-sustaining systems.J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin - 2006 - Mind and Matter 4 (1):45-68.
    The concept of contextual emergence has been introduced as a speci?c kind of emergence in which some, but not all of the conditions for a higher-level phenomenon exist at a lower level. Further conditions exist in contingent contexts that provide stability conditions at the lower level, which in turn accord the emergence of novelty at the higher level. The purpose of the present paper is to propose that consciousness is a contextually emergent property of self-sustaining systems. The core assumption is (...)
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  11. Emergence of self and other in perception and action: An event-control approach.J. Scott Jordan - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):633-646.
    The present paper analyzes the regularities referred to via the concept 'self.' This is important, for cognitive science traditionally models the self as a cognitive mediator between perceptual inputs and behavioral outputs. This leads to the assertion that the self causes action. Recent findings in social psychology indicate this is not the case and, as a consequence, certain cognitive scientists model the self as being epiphenomenal. In contrast, the present paper proposes an alternative approach (i.e., the event-control approach) that is (...)
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  12.  20
    Semiotics of a Superorganism.J. Scott Turner - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):85-102.
    Darwinian evolution, as it was first conceived, has two dimensions: adaptation, that is, selection based upon “apt function”, defined as the “good fit” between an organism’s metabolic and biological demands and the environment in which it is embedded; and heredity, the transmissible memory of past apt function. Modern Darwinism has come to focus almost exclusively on hereditary memory, eclipsing the—arguably still-problematic—phenomenon of adaptation. As a result, modern Darwinism retains, at its core, certain incoherencies that, as long as they remain unresolved, (...)
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  13. Learning science in the classroom: Drawing on individual and social perspectives.J. Leach & P. Scott - 2003 - Science & Education 12 (1):91-113.
     
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  14.  62
    Wild Bodies Don't Need to Perceive, Detect, Capture, or Create Meaning: They ARE Meaning.J. Scott Jordan, Vincent T. Cialdella, Alex Dayer, Matthew D. Langley & Zachery Stillman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  15.  80
    Intuitionist type theory and foundations.J. Lambek & P. J. Scott - 1981 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (1):101 - 115.
    A version of intuitionistic type theory is presented here in which all logical symbols are defined in terms of equality. This language is used to construct the so-called free topos with natural number object. It is argued that the free topos may be regarded as the universe of mathematics from an intuitionist's point of view.
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  16.  13
    New proofs of some intuitionistic principles.J. Lambek & P. J. Scott - 1983 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 29 (10):493-504.
  17.  10
    Cultural Institutions, Theatre and Humanistic Liberal Education.J. Scott Lee - 2016 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 28 (1-2):152-171.
    The purported crisis and opportunity in liberal education may be approached via a reconsideration of the arts in liberal arts education. The advantage of such a view is that proponents of humanistic liberal education could speak in their own terms, while incorporating in a systematic way studies of ancient and modern liberal arts, addressing public questions of the value and substance of a liberal education. A plausible issue for consideration is whether the “arts” can address a crisis, its purported causes (...)
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  18.  13
    A Natural History of Vision. Nicholas J. Wade.J. Scott Hauger - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):795-796.
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  19.  55
    Molyneux's Problem: Three Centuries of Discussion on the Perception of Forms. Marjolein Degenaar, Michael J. Collins.J. Scott Hauger - 1997 - Isis 88 (4):701-702.
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  20.  8
    Public opinion quarterly : Steven J. Rosenstone, John Mark Hansen, and Donald R. Kinder, measuring change in personal economic well-being, 50 (1986) 176-192.J. Scott Armstrong & Steven J. Rosenstone - 1988 - International Journal of Forecasting 4 (1).
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  21.  11
    Structuring the domain of human nonverbal behavior: A biological, Popperian perspective from the field of human movement studies.J. Charteris & P. A. Scott - 1993 - Semiotica 95 (3-4):205-234.
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  22. Circuit Breakers and the Mission of Stock Market Stability.J. Scott Colesanti - 2009 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 15:43.
     
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  23. Perspectives on Practice: A Pragmatic Comparison of the Praxial Philosophies of David Elliott and Thomas Regelski.J. Scott Goble - 2003 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 11 (1):23-44.
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  24.  31
    Does the need for agreement among reviewers inhibit the publication controversial findings?J. Scott Armstrong & Raymond Hubbard - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):136-137.
  25.  4
    Perspectives on Practice: A Pragmatic Comparison of the Praxial Philosophies of David Elliott and Thomas Regelski.J. Scott Goble - 2003 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 11 (1):23-44.
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  26.  88
    The role of control in a science of consciousness: Causality, regulation and self-sustainment.J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):177-197.
    There is quite a bit of disagreement in cognitive science regarding the role that consciousness and control play in explanations of how people do what they do. The purpose of the present paper is to do the following: (1) examine the theoretical choice points that have lead theorists to conflicting positions, (2) examine the philosophical and empirical problems different theories encounter as they address the issue of conscious agency, and (3) provide an integrative framework (Wild Systems Theory) that addresses these (...)
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  27.  11
    The SENSE of Nuclear Physics: New Frontiers, Media, and Collaborations.J. Scott Brennen - 2018 - Science in Context 31 (4):501-520.
    ArgumentThis article describes the efforts of one fifty-year-old nuclear physics research center to stay relevant as the boundaries of nuclear physics have expanded and distributed collaborations have become increasingly common. In adapting to these shifts, SENSE, a university-based institute in the United States, has seen notable changes in power relations, forms of legitimation, and social structures. This article recognizes and investigates these changes through an interpretative investigation of four common media objects incorporated into research practice at the institute: collaboration wikis, (...)
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  28.  4
    The Palgrave Handbook of Sociology in Britain.J. Holmwood & J. Scott (eds.) - 2014 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    Leading sociologists outline the historical development of the discipline in Britain and document its continuing influence in this essential and comprehensive reference work. Spanning the Scottish enlightenment of the 18th century to the present day this Handbook maps the discipline and the British contribution.
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  29.  7
    ""The role of" control" in an embodied cognition.J. Scott Jordan - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):233-237.
  30. Perspectives on Practice: A Pragmatic Comparison of the Praxial Philosophies of David Elliott and Thomas Regelski.J. Scott Goble - 2003 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 11 (1):23-44.
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  31. The Sacrifice of Justice.J. Scott Johnson - 1992 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    The rule of law is a necessary condition for any substantive theory of justice. If a theory sacrifices the rule of law, justice, too, is sacrificed. The connection between the necessary condition and justice is explored in the work of John Rawls, H. L. A. Hart, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Albert Camus and William Shakespeare. The conceptions of justice elaborated in each of these political thinker's works share very little more than the rule of law. Since the conceptions examined are (...)
     
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  32. Consciousness on the edge: The intentional nature of experience.J. Scott Jordan - 2003 - Science and Consciousness Review 1.
  33.  52
    Deriving intentionality from artifacts.J. Scott Jordan - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):412-412.
    Cognitive psychologists tend to treat intentionality as a control variable during experiments, yet ignore it when generating mechanistic descriptions of performance. Wynn's work brings this conflict into striking relief and, when considered in relation to recent neurophysiological findings, makes it clear that intentionality can be regarded mechanistically if one defines it as the planning of distal effects.
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  34.  19
    It's Hard Work Being No One.J. Scott Jordan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35.  49
    “Mind is brain” is trivial and nonscientific in both neurobiology and cognitive science.J. Scott Jordan - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):842-842.
    Gold & Stoljar reveal that adherence to the radical neuron doctrine cannot be maintained via appeals to scientific principles. Using arguments from naturalism and materialism, unification, and exemplars, it is shown that the “mind-is-brain” materialism explicit in the trivial version of the neuron doctrine ultimately suffers the same theoretical fate. Cognitive science, if it is to adopt an ontology at all, would be better served by a metaphysically neutral ontology such as double-aspect theory or neutral monism.
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  36. Stable Instabilities in the Study of Consciousness: A Potentially Integrative Prologue?J. Scott Jordan, Dawn M. McBride & A. Potentially - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1-2):viii.
    The purpose of this special issue and the conference that inspired it was to address the issue of conceptual integration in a science of consciousness. We felt this to be important, for while current efforts to scientifically investigate consciousness are taking place in an interdisciplinary context, it often seems as though the very terms being used to sustain a sense of interdisciplinary cooperation are working against it. This is because it is this very array of common concepts that generates a (...)
     
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  37.  30
    Spatial perception is contextualized by actual and intended deictic codes.J. Scott Jordan - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):750-751.
    Ballard et al. model eye position as a deictic pointer for spatial perception. Evidence from research on gaze control indicates, however, that shifts in actual eye position are neither necessary nor sufficient to produce shifts in spatial perception. Deictic context is instead provided by the interaction between two deictic pointers; one representing actual eye position, and the other, intended eye position.
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  38.  15
    Toward a theory of embodied communication: Self-sustaining wild systems as embodied meaning.J. Scott Jordan - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press. pp. 53.
  39.  18
    The Concepts of Consciousness: Integrating an Emerging Science.J. Scott Jordan & Dawn M. McBride (eds.) - 2007 - Imprint Academic.
    For the conference and the special issue of the_ Journal of Consciousness Studies_ that lie behind this book, pairs of researchers were asked to tackle from different standpoints concepts of consciousness such as realism, representation, intentionality, information, control, memory and the self.
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  40.  26
    The role of “prespecification” in an embodied cognition.J. Scott Jordan - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):408-409.
    Grush makes extensive use of von Holst and Mittelstaedt's (1950) efference copy hypothesis. Although his embellishment of the model is admirably more sophisticated than that of its progenitors, I argue that it still suffers from the same conceptual limitations as entailed in its original formulation.
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  41.  46
    The theory of event coding (TEC)'s framework may leave perception out of the picture'.J. Scott Jordan - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):890-890.
    Hommel et al. propose that action planning and perception utilize common resources. This implies perception should have intention-relative content. Data supporting this implication are presented. These findings challenge the notion of perception as “seeing.” An alternative is suggested (i.e., perception as distal control) that may provide a means of integrating representational and ecological approaches to the study of organism-environment coordination.
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  42. The Wild Ways of Conscious Will: What We do, How We do it, and Why it Has Meaning.J. Scott Jordan - 2014 - In Ezequiel Morsella & T. Andrew Poehlman (eds.), Consciousness and action control. Lausanne, Switzerland: Frontiers Media SA.
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  43.  17
    Peace and justice among the nations: the Catechism and international law.[The 1997 Rochester Lecture].J. Scott Davidson - 1998 - The Australasian Catholic Record 75 (2):206.
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  44.  13
    Governance Processes and Challenges for Reservation of Antimicrobials Exclusively for Human Use and Restriction of Antimicrobial Use in Animals.J. Scott Weese, Guilherme Antonio Da Costa Junior, Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, Laura Y. Hardefeldt, Jorge Matheu, Gerard Moulin, Stephen W. Page, Ruby Singh, Junxia Song & Olafur Valsson - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (S2):55-63.
    The majority of antimicrobials that are produced are administered to animals, particularly food animals. While the overall impact of antimicrobial use in animals on antimicrobial resistance in humans and the environment is unclear, it undeniably has a role. Yet, some degree of antimicrobial use in animals is necessary for animal health and welfare purposes. Balancing the benefits and risks of antimicrobial use in animals is challenging because of the complexity of the problem and limitations in available data. However, a range (...)
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  45.  94
    An Introduction to Modal Logic.E. J. Lemmon, Dana Scott & Krister Segerberg - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (4):653-654.
  46.  62
    Niche Construction Theory and Human Architecture.John Odling-Smee & J. Scott Turner - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):283-289.
    In modern evolutionary theory, selection acts on particular genes and assemblages of genes that operate through phenotypes expressed in environments. This view, however, overlooks the fact that organisms often alter their environments in pursuit of fitness needs and thus modify some environmental selection pressures. Niche construction theory introduces a reciprocal causal process that modifies natural selection relative to three general kinds of environmental components: abiota, biota (other organisms), and artifacts. The ways in which niche-constructing organisms can construct or modify the (...)
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  47.  17
    Newstok, Scott. How to Think Like Shakespeare: Lessons From a Renaissance Education. [REVIEW]J. Scott Lee - 2022 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 34 (1-2):216-218.
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  48.  18
    Eagleman, David & Anthony Brandt. The Runaway Species: How Human Creativity Remakes the World. [REVIEW]J. Scott Lee - 2020 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 32 (1-2):198-200.
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  49.  19
    Bart Simon. Undead Science: Science Studies and the Afterlife of Cold Fusion. x + 252 pp., bibl., index. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002. $22. [REVIEW]J. Scott Hauger - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):161-162.
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  50.  26
    The Puppet Theatre of Japan.C. J. Dunn & A. C. Scott - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (3):283.
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